Friday, October 28, 2005

Naxal surrenders, Anantapur police unearth two dumps

Anantapur Andhra Pradesh | October 29, 2005 12:43:13 AM IST



A Naxal belonging to CPI(Maoist) today surrendered before OSD Vijay Kumar at Police Headquarters here.

The Naxal, Subba Rao alias Hari (20), worked as Maddeleru Platoom Member. He was involved in two murders in Cuddapah district. He got vexed with the naxal ideology and surrendered, the police said.

Elsewhere, the police parties unearthed two dumps in Ramagiri and Garladinna area in this district. One powerful landmine, nine hand grenadges, one .22 revolver, 70 live rounds and literature were recovered, police added.

UNI ASJ VV PK KP2143

Now, pass system on Indo-Nepal border to curb Maoist and ISI activities

[ Friday, October 28, 2005 02:07:55 amTIMES NEWS NETWORK ]

LUCKNOW: Uttar Pradesh government on Thursday announced pass system for poeple crossing over to Nepal from November 1. As a pilot project, this arrangement will start at Rupaidiha Indo-Nepal border in Bahraich district. Secretary (home) Jagannath Singh said here that a decision to this effect was taken after a detailed discussion at a meeting in which the district magistrate and the police chief of Bahraich were present.

He said that the need for the pilot project was felt following increased Maoist and ISI activities on the borders. When pointed out that such elements would never use the usual routes, the officer said, "At least a message will go that the government was concerned over their activities."

He said that in due course of time similar arrangements would be made on rest of the entry-exit points. Singh pointed out that the Nepal government had also decided to go in for a similar arrangements.

People crossing the border from either sides will have to establish their credentials and for that certain guidelines have been issued. This procedure will be implemented by the officials of the intelligence department posted on the border check-posts.

Singh, however, clarified that strict instructions had been issued to ensure law-abiding citizens were not subjected to any harassment.After Rupaidiha, the next in the list is the Sunauli border in Maharajganj district.

It may be recalled that the TOI had recently carried out a report on the increased Maoist activities on the Indo-Nepal border wherein the Maoist leaders had mooted the concept of greater Nepal which includes a few districts of the state.

Infiltration of Maoists: security intensifies along Indo-Nepal border

Gorakhpur | October 27, 2005 9:11:13 PM IST


To check the infiltration of Maoist rebels into India, security has been put on high-alert in the eastern district of Uttar Pradesh along the Indo-Nepal border.

Inspector General of the SSB, Satyabrat, who inspected the border areas and made a thorough survey of river belts on boat said, that the SSB was ready to restrict the movement of the Maoists, and security had been beefed up in all the sensitive areas along the border.

Even though the Maoists are on cease-fire, India does not want to give chance to the rebels to enter the country.

Terming the infiltration of the Maoists to India as a serious problem, Satyabrat also stressed on the need to take strict steps to check the problem.

"Since there is threat of the Maoist infiltration, we have tightened the security. More security personnel have been deployed in border areas. And we are ready to tackle any problem," said Satyabrat.

Extra SSB personnel have been deployed in river belts along the Indo-Nepal border, and round the clock patrolling of the security forces is being carried out in all the sensitive areas, he said.

"We have earlier records of movement of Maoist rebels in some areas. Security has been intensified and we are prepared to foil any militant infiltration," he added.

However, involvement of a section of local people with the Maoist rebels creates problem for the security forces for the later's move to foil attempts of the rebels to carry out subversive activities. (ANI)

Security enhanced on Indo-Nepal border for festive season

Siddharthnagar: Keeping in mind the possibility of Maoist violence in Nepal during the impending festive season and its after-effects in the neighbouring Indian territory, security has been stepped up across the 353 km long international border in Gorakhpur Zone of Uttar Pradesh.

Inspector General of Police (IG-Gorakhpur Zone) Vinay Kumar Verma told UNI here today that a focused strategy has been chalked out to prevent spillover of Maoist violence or acceleration of insurgency on the Indian side.

Mr Verma further said watch-towers have been erected in the border districts of Siddharthnagar, Maharajganj and security personnel equipped with sophisticated weapons to deal with any urgency.

An effective strategy in this regard has been devised in association with DG of SSB and subsequent orders have also been issued to the DIG of Gorakhpur, Basti and Dev Patan divisions.

An integrated checkpost manned by customs, intelligence and immigration officials will start functioning in Rupadiha town of Baharaich district from November 1, to prevent the illegal entry and exit of people along the border. A similar post is planned at Sonauli in Maharajganj during the coming months, Mr Verma added.

ORISSA : No permanent DIG, people resent

No permanent DIG, people resent
Friday October 28 2005 13:15 IST

MALKANGIRI: The absence of a permanent DIG, southwestern range has hampered coordination between the SPs of respective administrations. The DIG, Sudhanshu Sarangi, who was appointed here after the transfer of DIG Pradeep Kapur, left for United States on education purpose.

Meanwhile, the responsibility was handed over to the DIG, Berhampur. Already handling a large area, the Berhampur DIG is not able to give full time to Sunabeda, said the people.

The people of Malkangiri, Koraput, Nabarangpur and Rayagada have demanded immediate posting of a permanent DIG at Sunabeda. The said the post is vacant from August 30 following the transfer of DIG Kapur on promotion.

The worst affected areas due to alleged lack of coordination among the SP threat are Malkangiri, Koraput, Rayagada, Nabarangpur, Kalahandi and Nuapada. The state government should fill up the post soon for effective administration in the Naxal infested South-Western range, the intelligentsia remarked.

TRIBALS DEVELOPMENT: All round development of the infested districts of South Orissa holds the key to curb the prevailing Maoist menace, opined the intelligentsia here.

The Naxal movement is a socio-economic issue and needs to reach the government machinery at the doorsteps of the tribals residing in the interiors of Malkangiri, Koraput, Rayagada and Gajapati districts, they said.

The government’s machinery has not yet reached the tribals residing in the remote, interior and inaccessible pockets of South Orissa, alleged the intelligentsia.

The Naxal movement is not a law and order situation and needs strong determination on the part of the state government to undertake welfare measures in tribal dominated areas on a warfooting basis.

Emphasising on spreading education among the tribals in the interior pockets, they said illiteracy has made them quite ignorant about the government’s various welfare programmes.

Providing the basic necessities to while favouring the continuation of the patrolling in the Naxal infested areas, the intelligentsia said the police should adopt a friendly attitude towards the innocent tribals and interact with them on various problems related to day-to-day life.

AP: Telangana movement & Naxalites

TRS acquired a stature only after Naxalites, predominant in Telangana region, made the TRS as their political front organization, points out Sreedhar
When the Indian Republic is grappling with internal security threats from Naxalites/ Maoists, two Union Cabinet Ministers, K Chandrasekhar Rao and Narendra are trying to oppose any police action against the militants. They even went to the extent of going and meeting some of the front men of Naxalites arrested by the police in Hyderabad.

Interestingly, both the Union Ministers belong to Andhra Pradesh; and both are spearheading an agitation for carving out a separate Telangana State, from within the existing State of Andhra Pradesh. Many observers in the State Capital Hyderabad point out that the Telengana Rashtriya Samiti (TRS) acquired a stature only after Naxalites, predominant in Telangana region, made the TRS as their political front organization.

The TRS aligned itself with the Congress in 2004 Parliament and State Assembly elections on the assumption that if Congress wins elections, a separate Telengana State will be formed. Some observers feel that the Naxalites prodded the TRS to align itself with the Congress, hoping that a separate Telangana State will be created and will provide safe haven for them.

However, things went wrong after the elections. The UPA leadership quickly realized that the sentiment among majority of the Telugu-speaking people is against the division of the State; and may trigger off a chain reaction among other States in an otherwise stable southern region. In addition, the Naxalites in Andhra Pradesh aligning themselves with other Naxalite groups in other provinces and forming Communist Party of India (Maoists) added a new dimension to the internal security problem at the national level.

The Andhra Pradesh Government's efforts to open a dialogue early this year made no headway, as the Naxalites refused to lay down arms under any circumstances. The failed Naxalite-Government talks accompanied by increased violence by the Naxalites resulted in police stepping in to enforce law and order. The death of Riyaz, a prominent Naxalite leader who participated in the talks, rang alarm bells among the Naxalite leadership. They asked the TRS elected representatives to resign from the State Cabinet and various Panchayats. The TRS faithfully complied with it.

For the Congress, the TRS distancing itself from it in the Assembly did not make any dent as it enjoyed absolute majority in the Assembly. The TRS followed it up by two other actions. Suddenly, the demand for separate Telengana became vociferous. Both Rao and Narendra started giving statements accusing the Chief Minister Rajasekhar Reddy for marginalizing the "aspirations and ambitions of Telangana people". This tirade is going on for the past six months. To establish an identity to the latest Telangana movement, the TRS established their Headquarters at Hyderabad.

The TRS leadership followed it up by establishing a new outfit called Telangana Jagarana Sena (Telangana Awakening soldiers). In public view, in Warangal, five hundred cadres were given two days training in martial arts and some fiery speeches were made both by Narendra and Rao against the Chief Minister. Meanwhile, Naxalites issued a stern warning on September 7, to Telangana people to defeat the Congress and Telugu Desam Party, the main opposition in the State Assembly in the forthcoming Municipal elections.

All this led to some basic questions. Why now the demand for separates Telangana State? This is not the first time a separate State for Telangana is raised. Late Dr. Chenna Reddy, one of the doyens of Indian politics, launched the first Telangana agitation in late 1960s and early 1970s. In no time he realized that the nine districts of former Nizam of Hyderabad State, now known as Telengana that merged with Andhra Pradesh could not form a separate State for various reasons, including national security concerns. He, therefore, quietly accepted the offers made by the then Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, to defuse the situation.

For the next two decades no one thought of separate Telangana State. The region is undergoing a subtle but definite socio- economic change; uprooting traditional power bases. This started a socio-political rift between various political groups. In 2003, the demand for separate Telangana was suddenly revived albeit by Naxalites, as the TDP Government started an intensive campaign against them. The demand for separate Telangana is echoed in the familiar tones, like under- development of the region, as compared to the other two regions, Coastal Andhra and Royalseema regions.

The TRS aligning itself Congress in 2004 Parliament and Assembly elections gave the Telengana movement certain amount of momentum. After the elections, the Congress decided to bypass the TRS leadership and decided to deal with Naxalites directly; and find a way out. The Naxalites in a victorious mood, having defeated the ruling Telugu Desam Party, were in no mood to follow the basic ground rules. They thought they can make TRS to exercise pressure on the Congress-led Rajasekhar Reddy Government.

Here the Naxalites calculations went wrong. The miniscule TRS is in no position to exert any visible pressure either on the State Government or at the centre. Both Rao and Narendra, being small town politicians, started a confrontation campaign against the State level Congress leadership. When the TRS Ministers resigned from the State cabinet in July this year, there was not even a whimper in Hyderabad. The other parties like the NCP of Sharad Pawar, who made some overtures in July this year, quickly disassociated themselves seeing TRS sympathies with Naxalites.

In the process, the TRS and Naxalites were identified with each other. The stalwarts from Telengana region in Congress and the TDP not only distanced themselves from the TRS but also started talking it in public about Rao and Nagendra's bluff about the Telangana State.

INFA

Andhra tribals to help fight Naxals

- By Our Special Correspondent



New Delhi, Oct. 27: Andhra Pradesh government plans to fight Naxalism by recruiting and arming tribals and non-tribals of the Naxal-affected areas and also raising a joint task force with the neighbouring states, equally affected by Left-wing extremism, indicated Andhra home minister, Mr K Jana Reddy.
He was replying to questions from the media in the capital on Thursday on the composition of a battalion of tribal police force.

Mr Jana Reddy explained that the proposed battalion will be raised from specific "scheduled" areas (under the influence of Naxalism) though it will not necessarily be restricted to only tribals, but anyone living in the scheduled area, Mr Jana Reddy added.

He also said that this will be a special battalion but will function as any other state police battalion. "The objective of social justice also gets covered by this exercise," he explained.

He also said that the special task force of neighbouring states is already in the offing and or joint operations of the police forces of states has begun.

Arundathy Roy : Reveals her support for terrorism in India

Anti-India, Ant-Hindu , far left activist Ms.Arundathy Roy's latest interview in indian tabloid Tehelka exposes her intensions and hate for India and support for terrorist activities in India .Public still remember Arundathy Roy's lies during Post Godhra riots and her illegal construction of villa in notified forest area , later she received a bungalow blow from government officials .

Please read below excerpt from the interview Tehelka

START

"In India we are at the moment witnessing a sort of fusion between corporate capitalism and feudalism — it’s a deadly cocktail. We see it unfolding before our eyes. Sometimes it looks as though the result of all this will be a twisted implementation of the rural employment guarantee act. Half the population will become Naxalites and the other half will join the security forces and what Bush said will come true. Everyone will have to choose whether they’re with “us” or with the “terrorists”. We will live in an elaborately administered tyranny.

But look at the reaction to the growing influence of the Maoists — even by political analysts it’s being treated as a law and order problem, not a political problem — and like militancy in Kashmir and the Northeast, it will be dealt with by employing brutal repression by security forces or arming local people with weapons that will eventually lead to a sort of civil war. That seems to be perfectly acceptable to Indian ‘civil society’.

Those who understand and disagree with the repressive machinery of the State are more or less divided between the Gandhians and the Maoists. Sometimes — quite often — the same people who are capable of a radical questioning of, say, economic neo-liberalism or the role of the state, are deeply conservative socially — about women, marriage, sexuality, our so-called ‘family values’ — sometimes they’re so doctrinaire that you don’t know where the establishment stops and the resistance begins. For example, how many Gandhian/Maoist/ Marxist Brahmins or upper caste Hindus would be happy if their children married Dalits or Muslims, or declared themselves to be gay? Quite often, the people whose side you’re on, politically, have absolutely no place for a person like you in their social, cultural or religious imagination. That’s a knotty problem… politically radical people can come at you with the most breathtakingly conservative social views and make nonsense of the way in which you have ordered your world and your way of thinking about it… and you have to find a way of accommodating these contradictions within your worldview. "

END

COMMENT

If one read above lines , it doesn't need a genius to conclude that she is a supporter of and mouth piece of anti-India forces . These demagogues use the 'template method'. You write an article attacking something and then simply change the names from 'feudal' to 'communal', from 'capitalist' to 'Hindu' and so on and peddle it as a different speech. All is blamed on Hindu fundamentalism and every act of naxal terrorism , islamic terrorism and North east terrorism is justified as per these people . Public still remember Arundathy Roy's lies during Post Godhra riots and her illegal construction of villa in notified forest area , later she received a bungalow blow from government officials .

Thursday, October 27, 2005

Chinese military aid triggers off alarm in New Delhi

BY SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT

NEW DELHI, Oct 27 - Kathmandu’s desperate moves to improve its military relations with Beijing and Islamabad have piqued Nepal’s traditional ally, India, and will likely heighten its dilemma over the Maoists.
And the Chinese pledge this past week – during the visit of Chief of Army Staff Gen. Pyar Jung Thapa -- to continue to support the Royal Nepalese Army (RNA) has literally set the alarm bells ringing in New Delhi, which houses India’s Defence and Foreign ministries and the Prime Minister’s Office.

The latest concern came this week after Beijing’s envoy to Delhi, Sun Yuxi – apparently flummoxed to see left wing extremists “abuse” the name of the Great Helmsman Mao Zedung and rampage across the Indian heartland -- offered help to the ‘South Asian super power’ to crush the Maoist guerrillas, India’s mass-circulation Times of India reported Thursday.

The remarks were a clear case of posturing by Beijing because the intended recipient was not India but Nepal’s beleaguered monarch, the Times’ Indrani Bagchi reports quoting unnamed government sources. She adds, “The remarks will heighten India’s dilemma over dealing with the Maoists. While nobody expects India to take Chinese help, it will be seen as an open offer to King Gyanendra.”

The Chinese envoy was reported to have said: “If there is any help [you expect] from us to get rid of them, we will try to do our best… We are also wondering why they are calling themselves Maoists. We don’t like that… We can’t stop that. But definitely, it does not have any connection with the government of China.”

The bottom-line, according to Bagchi, is this: “India’s near-paralysis in Nepal has just received a big jolt.” India which – along with the US and UK – has suspended lethal military supplies to Kathmandu after Feb 1, and is trying to impress upon the conflicting parties in Nepal to find a political solution to the crises.

Maoist gameplan to set poor against poor in Bengal: CPI(M)

MAOISTS
PRADIP KUMAR CHAKRABARTY KOLKATA, OCT 27 (PTI)

With Maoists active among those living below the poverty line in Purulia, Midnapore and parts of Bankura districts of West Bengal prior to next year's assembly elections, CPI(M), the major constituent of the state's ruling Left Front, has fallen back on rhetoric that the party is under attack for being 'reformists' and that anarchy is afoot.

"The Maoists are targeting the CPI(M) on the plea that we are reformists. The Maoist gameplan is not to fight for the poor, but to set poor against the poor to create anarchy," state secretary of CPI(M) Anil Biswas told PTI in an interview.

He said though 26 per cent to 30 per cent of the people in the country lived below the poverty line and West Bengal was no exception, "Maoists have singled out West Bengal, where there are no landlord, thanks to the Left Front government's pro-farmer policies and land reforms." Pointing to the naxalite strategy of 'capturing land' for peasants, he said "the Maoists are saying they will capture land. But for whom will they capture land?" Biswas, a politburo member, said.

He said land was distributed to poor peasants. "Therefore giving slogans of capturing land is nothing but to create division among the rural poor," he said.

The CPI(M) leader said "Maoists never speak against capitalists or landlords. Their main target is CPI(M) and they become active mainly on the eve of elections.

The senior CPI(M) leader said by targeting the CPI(M) the maoists were helping opposition parties. "They are helping our opponents. The opponent may be Congress, may be Trinamool Congress or even BJP
," he said.

To blunt the challenge by Maoists, Biswas said the state government planned to bring down the percentage of people living below the poverty line to 10 per cent in the next five years.

"There is still a large section of people living below poverty line. We have to improve their conditions so that they can participate in the development process," he said.

"Elimination of poverty will be our main election plank for the 2006 polls, he said.

Maoists are the reincarnation of "People's War" which spread to the state from Andhra Pradesh and work among sections of rural poor in Purulia, Bankura and Midnapur districts.

The government has identified at least four such pockets -- Bandowan in Purulia, Belpahari and Birpur in Midnapore and Ranibandh in Bankura.

The people in these areas are deprived of basic necessities and reports of starvation deaths in Amlasole have made it to national dailies.

Observers feel it may not be easy to provide irrigation, livelihood, basic health and education facilities in the areas earmarked for development.

But with the elections approaching there is a ray of hope. Chief Minister Buddhadev Bhattacherjee was personally keeping a close watch.

According to intelligence reports Maoists have links with those in Nepal and both the outfits are trying to carve a corridor through West Bengal linking Nepal, Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand and Orissa.

Wednesday, October 26, 2005

Health camps, child education centres to counter Naxalites

Kanchan Siddiqui
in Bankura
Oct. 26. — A dismal Majhgoria hamlet, virtually ground zero for both the CPI-M and police in Bankura has been witnessing frequent attempts of counter-action since the evening of massacre by Maoists on 9 July. Naxalite ultras had gunned down a CPI-M zonal committee leader, a cadre and the OC of the local Barikul PS was killed in a subsequent blast. Reciprocal operations by cops, however, have yielded no results as yet.
Police have, however, taken alternative approaches for the benefit of thousands of distressed people who remained unattended for decades, especially in Naxalite infiltrated areas in Ranibandh, Barikul, Simlapal, Sarenga and Raipur blocks.
The police, in association with some voluntary organisations, have been organising health camps and child education centres. The police is bearing expenses from the non-planned budget. Already, nine health camps have been arranged in which doctors from district health services joined in. District police claimed to be receiving absolute mass support for its welfare operations.
Top police officials believe that the programme that is aiming to reach untouched parts of rural society in blocks under Khatra subdivision, will be effective in preventing Maoist groups from invading those stretches. The Maoist mission had revived in recent times in this part of south Bengal.
With this fresh initiative, Bankura police expressed hopes for a better tomorrow in the district. Mr K Jayaraman, SP, Bankura said: “We are receiving support from common residents in rural areas who have sent several proposals to us seeking similar camps in areas that remain untouched.”
After nine health camps in Naxalite infiltrated zones, Bankura police also extended the programme to other locations in Chatna, Beliatore, Bankura-1 blocks that are not identified as hotbeds of Maoist attacks.
The police said that this “was required to let people know that police actions were not performed with a motive. We are sympathetic towards the public.” Physicians who attended the camps have filed their report to the district health administration.
Dr MM Das, CMOH, Bankura, said: “What our physicians have assessed in the course of the camps are maintained as official records with the district health administration. Common diseases reported were respiratory complaints, tuberculosis and a variety of skin diseases. We have let the state health administration know about the current status of the areas.”
Large segments in Bankura that have tertiary links through the Kundalpahari jungle passage used by Naxalite ultras for the last few years, however, remain unattended. The police said that NGOs have not dared to venture there. Dense forests dissuade even villagers from using the passage. According to police, ultras have taken advantage of the fact. The jungle under Belpahari range of West Midnapore is believed to be the epicenter of Naxalite invasion during squad movements.
Mr Bijoy Murmu, a member of state excise staff and brother of Mr Raghunath Murmu, the slain CPI-M Ranibandh zonal committee leader, said: “The jungles pose a tremendous hurdle and administration vehicles cannot use the routes used by villagers.”
Bijoy, who had come on leave, had witnessed the entire episode in Majhgeria that claimed his brother’s life last July.
Mr K Jayaraman, SP, Bankura, however, seems confident of beating Naxalites said: “Besides health camps, we have already arranged for child education centres in Satnala, Barikul on 24 October. A few schools in Buchiburi, Simlapal, Sarenga and Ranibandh are in the pipeline.” He said:
“We are selecting a teacher from among the unemployed youth in the respective villages. This is creating a different type of awareness. We are receiving proposals from villagers to set up such education centres even in areas that do not fall in the Naxalite-infiltrated zone.”
In Punisole, a village a few kilometers away from Bankura town, police is all set to set up such a school. In the future, police believes that the schools will be merged with the Centre-sponsored Sishu Shiksha Kendras.

Crack team will take on Red Terror ( NAXALITES) in Maharashtra

Crack team will take on Red Terror

Anupam Dasgupta
DNA

Wednesday, October 26, 2005 21:17 IST




The Maharashtra government will soon set up an exclusive force — Special Action Group (SAG) — to tackle Naxalite threat in the six-affected districts in the eastern part of the state.

Director General of Police (DGP) PS Pasricha said the SAG would be formed, for the first time, out of the Maharashtra police to counter the growing Naxalite menace.

Alarmed by reports indicating a 15 per cent rise in incidents of violence triggered by Naxalites after 2003 (the deadliest one was when seven policemen and a civilian were killed in a landmine blast on Deori-Chinchgad Road in Gondia in May 2005), mostly concentrated on the eastern fringes of the state bordering Andhra Pradesh, the state government has finally okayed the formation of the special unit.

Pasricha said, “We have secured the necessary sanction to set up a Special Action Group (SAG) to effectively deal with the Maoist-Naxalite threat. The task force will be set up soon.’’

Parallel efforts are on to revamp the existing intelligence gathering mechanism to combat the crisis, Pasricha added.

Security experts feel that formation of the special task force is a clear proof of the fact that the government has finally waken up to the growing ‘Red Terror’ and is willing to harness available resources at its disposal.

Government reports show that Gadchiroli, Chandrapur, Gondiya, Yavatmal, Bhandara and Nanded are “Naxalite-Maoist prone areas”.

Earlier, the government had created the post of an officer of the rank of an inspector general (IG Anti-Naxalite Operations) based in Nagpur to spearhead anti-extremist programmes.

It is learnt that the government is more concerned about inroads made by them into the state.

Deputy chief minister RR Patil had also mooted the idea of a “socio-economic package” for villagers sometime back.

A senior home department official said, “We are worried about the Naxalite threat. We don’t want them to repeat what they had succeeded doing in Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, parts of West Bengal and Chhattisgarh.”

China and Indian Maoists

Can anyone believe a diplomat? A chinese diplomat, in particular? It is the job of a diplomat to lie for his country. This diplomat Sun Yuxi doesn't explain nor did our psec journalists ask him the question why Prakash Karat had his first tutorial session for 8 days in China after he took over as Secy of CPI-M? And why do Sitaram Yechury and N. Ram make periodical pilgrimages to China? Why did Prakash Karat visit Venezuela and then China sewing up some refinery deals and hailing Hugo Chavez as the greatest revolutionary after Che Guevara?

What about the Oberlin-Shansi connextion? See more on the Shansi-Oberlin declaration at ---Part-1:-FOIL-PRIMER

Naturally, a chinese ambassador to India cannot be expected to own up the emergence of China-Comintern after the demise of the Soviet-led Comintern.

Inquilabi. Is there an equivalent term in Chinese? Mao may be a fallen hero but his name is the crutch for the naxals and many commies in Bharatam to hang on to. Why, pray, did China occupy Tibet? I am disappointed that our journalists do not ask such questions and we have people like N. Ram who sing the praise of nuclear China.

Will the ambassador's counterpart in Nepal make a similar statement?

K.

China ready to help India crush Maoists

MR Narayan Swamy(IANS)

New Delhi, October 26, 2005

In a significant announcement, China's top envoy has declared that his country is ready to help India to crush its nagging Maoist insurgency that it once actively supported.

Chinese Ambassador Sun Yuxi said at an interaction here that Beijing did not even know why the Maoist guerrillas in India called themselves followers of the man who led the communists to victory in China in 1949.

"If there is any help (you expect) from us to India to get rid of them, we will try to do our best," the top diplomat said candidly.

"We are also wondering why they call themselves Maoists. We don't like that. We don't like that at home. We don't have any connection with them at home.

"If they call themselves Maoists, we can't stop that way. But definitely it (the Maoist movement in India) does not have any connection with the government of China."

While China has been distancing itself from Maoist guerrillas in India for years, it is the first time a top Chinese official has gone to the extent of saying that Beijing would have no hesitation in providing help to crush the Maoist rebels.

The ambassador said it was possible some of the Maoist guerrillas might possess Chinese weapons. But even that, he said, did not mean that they had any links with Beijing.

He explained that China had supplied a lot of weapons to the anti-Soviet mujahideen guerrillas in Afghanistan during the 1980s in cooperation with Pakistan and the US.

"A lot of them (were) lost in the black market and they spread everywhere. Even some Chinese terrorists were trained in Afghanistan. They went back with the Chinese weapons and they waged terrorist activities inside China.

"So, we were very sorry to see that... If there is anything that we can help to stop them (Indian Maoists), we would do."

The Maoist movement in India erupted in May 1967 in a West Bengal village called Naxalbari, giving its adherents the sobriquet Naxalites. China then actively supported the movement, and Indian Maoists vowed to pursue China's revolutionary path.

China began distancing itself from the Indian Maoists in the 1980s and now has no institutional linkages with any of the Maoist groups, including the dominant Communist Party of India-Maoist.

'Maoists have made us refugees in our own land'


'Maoists have made us refugees in our own land'

Shivanand Shukla / Dantewara (Chhattisgarh)


More than 450 tribals have taken shelter to escape the wrath of the Maoists at a Chhattisgarh Government-run relief camp in Krishi Upaj Mandi near Aram Chowk in Dantewara district, 400 km from Raipur. The group comprises men, women and children from ten villages of the district.






Most camp residents returned from a salwa judum (peace march) meeting at Bhairmagarh. It was addressed by Governor KM Seth, Home Minister Ram Vichar Netam, Leader of Opposition Mahendra Karma and other leaders. The Governor congratulated them for rising against the Maoists and assured security to them.



The same night, on Saturday, more than two dozen Maoists raided village Gumra, a few kilometers from where the meeting was held in the district. The Maoists killed a former Sarpanch Manguram.



'The killing was a clear message to those people who had dared to go against them and had joined the salwa judum,' a senior police official pointed out.



'We were expecting a Maoist attack in our villages and even in the refugee camps,' said 25-year-old Lakshman of village Pulewaya. Sanaru Karma of Niram village agrees with him. But, they along with several other young men at the camp are determined. 'We are not going to surrender the Maoist's bullets. We will set our village free from their terror.'



They alleged that Maoists had for a long time threatened them, killed people, demanded grains and land produce, had forced them to close the market, had not allowed them to collect tendu leaves (a major source of their earning) if they ever protested against them. People at the relief camp had several such complaints.



For a large number of people, who came armed with traditional bow and arrow to listen to the Governor's speech, the problem was entirely different; only few understood what the Governor said in his speech.



'We understand only Gondi,' Jagu of Porsan village said.



More curiously, while most of the men at the relief camp could not interact with this reporter owing to the language problem, the ones who understood Hindi were ill-informed. While most of them did not know who Raman Singh or Ajit Jogi were, the ones who knew that Raman Singh is Chief Minister of the State, did not know anything more than this.



At another relief camp, Channu of Palnar village or Mangu of Irauli knew nothing about how they came to the camp. More than 10,000 people have been living in such relief camps to evade Maoists bullets. Many of them were brought from remote areas.



The camp provides food, shelter and even arranges other programmes like Angan Bari. Women are taught about child care and children are educated at these camps. Ratte Singh Kunjam, one of the teachers at these relief camps, says, 'People are not educated and do not understand Hindi.'



In fact, on a drive from Barsur valley to Gidam, one finds nothing but poverty. People here are still deprived of the basic necessities.



People here seem to be in a time warp owing to the neglect by successive governments. But what adds to their torment is being constant targets of the Maoists. More than 50 people have been killed so far after the beginning of salwa judum in June this year.



Despite all this several people have come to relief camps leaving behind their family. But they are hardly at peace here. They often worry about their family and their land.

Two Maoists members lay down arms on Tuesday

Wednesday October 26 2005 10:45 IST
NIZAMABAD: Two CPI (Maoist) dalam members laid down their arms in the presence of Nizamabad Range DIG Anjani Kumar and SP Mahesh Chandra Ladha here on Tuesday.

The two surrendered extremists Gaggulot Mohan alias Devraj of Somaravampet in Machareddy mandal and Matti Santosh of Koratpalli in Dicchpally mandal joined the People’s War Group in 1997-98 attracted by revolutionary songs and plays.

Mohan worked as a member of the Kamareddy dalam and as an action committee member and Santosh was a member of the Bheemgal-Srinapalli LGS dalam, the DIG said.

They had quit the group earlier but rejoined it due to financial problems.

They worked as associates of the party’s district committee secretary, he said.

Mohan is accused in a case related to the blast of a telephone booth and murder of one Gandimedi Narsimlu in Singarayapalli in Machareddy mandal.

Santosh is accused of killing ex-militant Srinu of Rekulapalli in Sirikonda mandal.

The DIG urged Maoists to join the mainstream. He said the department had been taking measures to curtail the activities of the Maoists.

“The CPI (Maoist) Nizamabad-Karimnagar (west division) group has weakened and the increasing surrenders are a proof of this,” he claimed.

Additional SP B Ananda Rao, OSD K Ramakrishna, Nizamabad town DSP Williams were present at the press conference.

Meanwhile, police arrested one fake Naxalite who had been extorting money from merchants and looting business establishments. Puli Chiranjeevi, a native of Amrad tanda in Maklur mandal was taken into custody. A tin bomb was seized from him.

During interrogation, Chiranjeevi revealed that former Janasakthi Naxalite Surya Prakash of Bheemgal headed his gang and that they had looted several petrol stations. Prakash is at large.

Nizamabad MP Madhu Goud Yashki shaking hands with United Nations Organisation (UNO) secretary general Kofi Annan in New York on Monday. He and a few other MPs are on a tour to America.

Talks with Naxals possible in peaceful atmosphere: Reddy

Hyderabad | October 26, 2005 6:50:26 AM IST


The Andhra Pradesh government today once again expressed the view that `Talks' with the naxals could be held if the ''peaceful situation'' continues in the state.
Speaking to reporters after participating in the review meeting on law and order in the state, convened by Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy here, Home Minister K Jana Reddy said violence by Naxals groups had come down recently in the state. ''This is a welcome change. If the same situation continues in the state, the government can also consider holding peace talks with the naxals''.

Mr Reddy said there was no provocation from the naxals in the recent past. The police were also alert to tackle any kind of sudden activity from Naxals. The State Government was also taking help from the Centre for procurement of helicopters for conducting combing and search operations in Naxal - infested areas, he added.

Referring to some encounters in the state, Mr Reddy said encounters took place when the polie was doing its duty in naxal-infested areas.

Asked about lifting of the ban on Revolutionary Writers Association (VIRASAM), the Home Minister said the government was ''thinking about it.'' VIRASAM was one of the seven frontal organisations of CPI(Maoist) in the state, which was banned.

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Tuesday, October 25, 2005

Three Naxals killed in Andhra police encounter

Police gun down three Maoists in Andhra
Hyderabad | October 25, 2005 4:34:13 PM IST



Police Tuesday gunned down three Maoist guerrillas belonging to the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) in eastern Andhra Pradesh's Guntur district.

The incident occurred in the early hours of Tuesday in Guthikonda forests of Guntur district, about 450 km from here.

Police said the guerrillas refused to lay down arms and started firing when they came face to face with a police party that was engaged in combing operations.

After an exchange of fire lasting for an hour, police found three dead bodies. There were no casualties among the policemen. The slain guerrillas have not yet been identified.

Last week, Maoists had gunned down a man on the suspicion that he was a police informer. After the incident, police had stepped up combing operations in the area.

The gun battle occurred just days after intelligence agencies received information that the Maoists, who had been lying low for the past few weeks, were developing an elaborate organisational network and increasing their ability to strike in their strongholds in Andhra and neighbouring states.

According to information received by the police and intelligence, the CPI-Maoist had set up a nine-member central military commission to oversee all future actions of its People's Guerrilla Army (PGA).

Maoists were reportedly focussing on PGA activities and were trying to equip the wing with sophisticated weapons.

About 300 people have been killed in Maoist violence since January this year, when an eight-month-long ceasefire with the state government collapsed. Maoist violence has claimed more than 6,000 lives in the last 37 years in the state.

(IANS)

Press Trust of India

Hyderabad, October 25, 2005


Three Naxalites were killed in an encounter with police at Guttikonda forest area in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh on Tuesday, police said.

The exchange of fire took place after the police patrol party cornered a group of Maoists, police said.

Three ultras were killed on the spot while some of their associates fled the scene, police said adding that some ammunition and kit bags were recovered from the spot.

Guntur district in coastal region has, of late, become a hotbed of Naxalite activity and witnessed several incidents of extremist violence and arson.

Monday, October 24, 2005

Chhattisgarh Police uncover Naxal arms dump

Balrampur (Chhattisgarh): Police in Chhattisgarh’s Balrampur District unearthed an arms dump belonging to Naxals during a raid today.

Superintendent of Police SRP Kalluri said that based on a specific information by the locals, a special team was formed and the raid was conducted in the area. After digging out some spots, a cache of arms and ammunition and several other items belonging to the Naxals were found.

Police recovered country-made rifles, ammunition of various makes and several hand grenades from the area. A roll of export quality of cloth purposedly for Naxal uniforms was also recovered by the police team during the operation.

Apart from the arms and ammunition some incriminating documents, including diaries, literature items and pamphlets also recovered during the raid. Later, the recovered items were put on display for mediapersons.

Meanwhile, the locals, fed up with the Naxalite problem have come out in open against these anti-social forces and vow to cooperate with the district administration in the later’s move to wipe out the Naxals.

Face consequences if govt continues naxal killings: Gadar

24th OCT 08:25 hrs IST



London: Warning the Centre and Andhra Pradesh government of "serious" consequences if they continue to "eliminate" naxalites, balladeer Gadar has alleged that the State was acting like a "terrorist" which treats naxalism as a law and order problem while it has larger dimensions. The naxal sympathiser also did not see any difference between various political outfits which ruled the Centre and state as they dealt naxalism with "highhandedness".

"The State is acting like a terrorist...They are not understanding the seriousness of the situation," Gadar, who was one of emissaries of CPI-Maoist which held talks with Andhra government, told the BBC Hindi service Sunday night. "Though the authorities are talking about the issue as a socio-economic one, both the Centre and the Andhra government want to deal with it as a law and order issue," he said. He warned the government of "serious" consequences if they pursued the "dangerous" policy of "eliminating" naxal cadres.

Finding "no difference" between various dispensations in their dealing of the issue, Gadar said that though the "faces and caps" in the ruling establishment changed, their "politics and policies of highhanded dealing remain unchanged." "Whether it was the NDA government at the Centre and Chandrababu Naidu government in Andhra earlier, it is the UPA and Congress governments now, there is no change in the situation at all," he said.

Asked why the Maoists supported the Congress in the last Assembly elections, Gadar said, "We had appealed to people to root out Chandrababu Naidu and NDA. This much I accept and concede."

"However, we had urged the people to ask congress about its attitude towards the separate Telangana state. Would they deal with naxalite issue as a socio-economic issue and a blanket no for the World Bank entry in the state," Gadar said. The 56-year-old engineering drop-out said that during the last Assembly elections people were "promised the moon" on all the three issues, "but after a year and half, the reality seems otherwise."
When pointed out that the naxalites were opposed to pro-poor steps like free distribution of two lakh acres of land in the state, Gadar said that the gesture was meaningless when a huge bulk of land was still under the custody of government. "Look at the government figures itself. It tells us that one crore twenty lakh acres of land is available for distribution among the landless poor. Now out of that you choose a meagre two lakh acres. Then why do you expect us to support such meaningless decisions," he said.

Gadar rejected charges that the naxalites were resorting to killings of innocents in various parts of the country. "Let us not forget that those exploiting the poor are indulging in the worst form of violence. Poor and tribal people resort to use of force when their democratic rights are suppressed by use of force by governments," he said.

Asked why naxalites were supporting separatist movements in different parts of the country, Gadar said: "In our view it is America and the World Bank which are trying to break India. It is wrong to say that people of Nagaland or Mizoram are trying to break the country."

Sunday, October 23, 2005

Naxals fanning out in West Orissa

Attempt to open a Nepal-Andhra corridor for activities

Dilip Bisoi

Bhubaneswar Naxalities belonging to the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) are working on a strategic plan to open an uninterrupted north-south corridor to spread activities. And, as part of this strategy, the extremist outfit is now setting its eyes on Orissa’s western region, which is a missing link in their dream corridor. At least this is what the Orissa police believe.

“The Maoists are planning to open the corridor from Nepal to Andhra Pradesh. For this, they are trying hard to take control of the western districts of Orissa, like Sambalpur and Deogarh”, says Suchit Das, director-general of police. MCC has close links with the Maoists in Nepal.

The police chief’s reading is not off the mark. Maoists have stepped up activities in the two districts. On May 27, MCC activists gunned down three villagers in Sambalpur district. About 40 days later, they killed about five people in three villages of Jujumara area of the same district. Last week, they attacked an arm-ed police party in a crowded mela at a village in Sambalpur. The extremists, 40 in number, including some females, looted four SLRs and vanished into the jungles.

“The Maoists are attacking the police with the aim of looting arms and ammunition”, says state principal secretary, home, Santosh Kumar. “The looting of police weapons is a clear signal that they are preparing for a long battle in the region”, he adds.

The Naveen Patnaik government has not banned naxalite outfits so far. However, it has declared six districts — Malkangiri, Rayagada, Koraput, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj and Sundergarh—as naxal-affected. The state has shot off letters to Centre to include Sambalpur and Deogarh in the list of extremist- hit areas.

Growing Maoist activities in Sambalpur, Deogarh, Sundergarh, Keonjhar have become a matter of concern. For, these are where most steel and iron ore mines projects are coming up. Already, reports of extortion from project promoters and miners have been received by the state intelligence.

Meanwhile, there are plans to strengthen around 60 police stations, equipping personnel with sophisticated weapons and high-tech communication gadgets. “But this alone will not wipe out extremists. Naxailites will be able to recruit as long as poverty, unemployment and under-development remain,” says Santosh Kumar.



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Nepal Maooist leader on Delhi mission

J. HEMANTH

Kathmandu, Oct. 23: The communist leader who has been nominated by a multi-party alliance in Nepal to hold talks with Maoists has left for New Delhi to seek “moral support” for restoration of democracy in the Himalayan kingdom.

Madhav Kumar Nepal, the general secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal-United Marxist Leninist, said he would meet Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, central coalition chairperson Sonia Gandhi and Opposition leader L.K. Advani. He will hold talks with senior government officials, too.

The trip comes four days after Nepal, along with Nepali Congress leader Girija Prasad Koirala, was nominated by the seven-party alliance to talk to the Maoists.

Nepal is visiting Delhi at the invitation of the Nepal Democracy Solidarity Committee, headed by CPM veteran Harkishen Singh Surjeet.

Asked if he would meet Maoist leaders during his stay in Delhi, Nepal said his friends stationed there were trying their best for a meeting. “But I have heard that they are not there and they are holding the party plenum somewhere in Nepal,” he added.

Nepal said he would hold talks with the Maoists if and when they contact him.

On whether he would request the Indian leadership to postpone next month’s Saarc summit, Nepal said the issue would be raised.

“The seven-party alliance’s stance is that the royal government cannot represent the Nepali people in any international forum as it is not accountable to the people,” the communist leader said.

Maoists accused of ‘favouring’ candidates : Poll-time ‘nexus’... SHAMEEEEEEEE

Of red terror and poll-time ‘nexus’
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GAUTAM SARKAR

Bhimbandh (Munger), Oct 23: As the sun appears on the horizon of the densely-forested Bhimbandh valley, shouts of “qurbani karneka jhumo, lal suraj ke muha chumo (make sacrifices and kiss the red sun)” pierce the calm of the dawn.

Armed with slogans and weapons, groups of Naxalites have come to the valley, which falls in the Kharagpur constituency, for more reasons than one.

“We came here to celebrate the first anniversary of the merger of the People’s War with the Maoist Communist Centre and the consequent formation of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) on October 21,” claimed one of the rebels.

But residents of tribal-dominated villages such as Soarba and Thelatari contend that celebrations are not the only reason behind the arrival of the rebels.

The main motive of the extremists who have taken shelter inside the deep forest, they claimed, was to influence the voters in favour of a particular candidate. However, when asked for details, none of the villagers was willing to say much. “Are you mad? Disclosure would mean death for us,” a villager told The Telegraph.

Earlier this year, Bhimbandh had made news for the death of Munger superintendent of police K.C. Surendra Babu. The senior officer and five other policemen were killed in a landmine explosion triggered by Naxalites.

The threat posed by the Maoists to the electoral process has been acknowledged by all concerned — from the Election Commission to candidates.

“I will keep an eye on Kharagpur personally on polling day. I have received several complaints from that seat,” chief adviser to the commission K.J. Rao had said earlier.

While Maoists continued to be a source of worry, another factor — the polling day ploys of the Rashtriya Janata Dal — has given district officials and candidates of rival parties much to think about, especially in the context of the Vijay Prakash episode in Jamui.

“The Jamui episode has got us really worried,” said an official.

Janata Dal (United) nominee Anant Sartarthi was more forthright in his views.

“Union minister and RJD leader Jai Prakash Narain Yadav had represented Kharagpur from 1990 and after winning the Munger Lok Sabha seat in the 2004 polls, he managed to get his mother Shanti Devi victory from this constituency. He did the same for his brother Vijay Prakash from Jamui,” the Dal(U) leader pointed out.

Vijay Prakash and Shanti Devi, both RJD candidates, are contesting the elections from the same seats.

“Yadav is very powerful… not a single leaf will move without his permission in Munger,” said a source in the district administration.

Echoing the same feeling, Dal(U) leader Narender Singh alleged that the Union minister has hired the rebel outfit for assuring the victory of his family members.

“Intelligence reports had pointed at his possible role in the killing of Munger superintendent of police K.C. Surendra Babu in January. Now, the recovery of landmine detonators from the possession of his brother on October 18 has established his nexus with the Maoists,” Singh contended.

Yadav’s mother Shanti Devi, however, said the allegations were baseless. “They (her sons) are the true sentinels of social justice. The feudal leaders in the communal NDA and some arrogant officials who do not want the welfare of the deprived have conspired to tarnish the image of my sons. We will again win,” she claimed.

The Mao That Roared

Sunday, Oct. 23, 2005

A biography of the man who changed China paints an opinionated but vivid portrait of a brutal despot

By ADI IGNATIUS

When I first traveled to China in the late 1970s as a student and then a foreign correspondent, the Chinese were giddily beginning to explore the new boundaries of freedom after Mao Zedong's death. There was a propaganda onslaught against the Gang of Four--the quartet (including Mao's wife Jiang Qing) that was blamed for the Cultural Revolution, the decade of terror that Mao had unleashed and then nourished. Mao didn't count among the fiendish four, but when the plucky Chinese I encountered talked of the Gang, they would hold up five fingers, then fold the thumb back slowly to conform to the official co-conspirator count. The message was clear: Mao was that disappearing finger.

Nearly three decades later, China's people are still struggling over how to process Mao's legacy. The Communist Party continues to protect his memory; his mug still dominates Tiananmen Square in Beijing. And while the Chinese generally acknowledge his brutality, most seem to cherish his image as founder of the nation, who overturned centuries of humiliation at the hands of foreign powers. Of course, America's Founding Father heroes have warts of their own. (George Washington was imperious; John Adams was a grouch; Thomas Jefferson had that affair.) But as recent biographies have made apparent, Mao was not merely ruthless but his ruthlessness is practically unmatched in history. If iconic, socialist-chic Mao once seemed cuddlier than, say, Stalin, the record now makes clear they were rivals in brutality. Both men, through murder and misrule, were responsible for tens of millions of deaths.

The newest effort to shine history's harsh light on the Great Helmsman is Mao: The Unknown Story (Knopf; 814 pages) by Jung Chang and Jon Halliday. Chang is the author of Wild Swans, the gripping and mega-selling 1991 memoir of how three generations of her family survived modern China's upheavals. (She was a Maoist Red Guard in the Cultural Revolution's early stages.) Halliday, Chang's husband, is an author and Russia historian.

Their Mao is bad to the core, a relentlessly selfish and duplicitous schemer as a young man who harbored "a love for bloodthirsty thuggery." And then he turned really nasty. Mao purged and murdered rivals. He pigged out on exotic delicacies amid the mass starvation his policies caused. (The authors cite estimates that 38 million people died of starvation and overwork during the Great Leap Forward. Mao, meanwhile, stuck to his misguided industrialization plans, blithely commenting that "half of China may well have to die.") In the 1970s, Mao even forbade surgery for his loyal No. 2, Zhou Enlai, who was suffering from cancer of the bladder, in part to ensure that Zhou would not outlive him.

Mao's celebrated exploits are recast as frauds. The Long March? The authors contend that legendary battles along the way didn't actually occur and suggest Mao and his communist army survived the 6,000-mile ordeal only because his political rival, Chiang Kai-shek, decided to let them move unopposed. The 1949 declaration of the People's Republic? A bust, the authors argue, as a nervous Mao frequently resorted to awkward throat clearing and offered no ideas for benefiting China's people. His love for the peasants? Phony. "There is no sign that Mao derived from his peasant roots any social concerns, much less that he was motivated by a sense of injustice."

Among China scholars, there has been much debate about the book's editorializing (it was published in Britain in June). Chang and Halliday spent years researching the book and conducted interviews with surviving Mao associates around the world. But for all its detail, this is a one-dimensional portrait, an exhaustive trashing that gives one pause, as does the certainty with which many events are described. "Mao did not care one iota what happened after his death," the authors say. Who could characterize even their own feelings with such certitude?

Yet this is an entertaining and, for the big picture, an ultimately informative book about a figure ever ready for re-examination. It's hard to forgive a man who was so obsessed with petty, vindictive politics that after the 1976 Tangshan earthquake killed hundreds of thousands of Chinese, he presided over a campaign against his rival Deng Xiaoping that demanded that rescuers halt their work to "denounce Deng on the ruins." Maybe it's time to get that fifth finger back in the air again.

Naxals, police exchange fire in Gundala forest in Khammam

Khammam Andhra Pradesh | October 24, 2005 12:46:44 AM IST

Naxalites of the Praja Prathighatana of of Chandranna group exchanged fire with police party in Gundala forest area today.

During the exchange of fire, a woman naxalite, who came to meet the ultras sustained injuries. She was admitted to the Khammam government hospital for treatment.

The exchange of fire took place when a police party on duty in the Gundala forest area were confronted by a 15-member group of naxals.

Three kit bags, revolutionary literature and one spring field rifle were recovered from the spot.

Police suspect that at least three naxals might have been injured in the exchange of fire, but they managed to flee.

Police asked the villagers not to give shelter to the injured naxals.

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HC admits Maoist leader petition challenging NSA detention

Chennai | October 20, 2005 10:48:48 PM IST


Madras High Court today admitted a petition filed by a Maoist leader, seeking to quash an order, detaining him under National Security Act (NSA).
A division bench comprising Mr Justice R Balasubramaniam and Mr Justice M Thanickachallam admitted the Habeas Corpus Petition filed by the Maoist Leader Chandra Prakash Gajurel, who also sought a direction to produce him before the court and set him at liberty, ordered notice, returnable by November 10, to the Secretary, to State Public (law and order F) Department and Union Home Secretary.

In his petition, Mr Gajurel submitted that he was arrested at the Chennai Airport and was in custody since August 19, 2003. The Charge Sheet filed before the Judicial Magistrate, Alandur was that he had committed alleged offences under section 12 (1) (b) (d) and (e) and 12 (1-A) (a) of the Passport Act.

The maximum penalty contemplated for these offences was only two years or fine and he had already completed the said period in prison. He was being tried for the said offence and the trial will be over shortly. At this juncture, it was inconceivable that such a stale act could have formed the basis of an order of detention.

Nevertheless, based on this alleged incident, the Secretary to State Public (Law and Order F) Department by a G O dated September 19, 2005 has detained him in exercise of the powers under section 3 (1) (b) of the NSA on the alleged ground that he has no permanent address in India and has no ostensible means of livelihood and that he would allegedly commit offences and indulge in activities prejudicial to the security of the nation and that his continued presence in India has to be regulated, he added.

He said he had never indulged in any action against the Government of India or the Indian State. It was therefore incorrect to state that he had acted against the security of India. There was no material on the basis of which such an inference could have been drawn. The detaining authority has not applied his mind to the fact that the political activities of the party to which he belonged were aimed at restoring democracy in Nepal and have never been aimed at the Indian Nation.

There was absolutely no meterial, much less material of reasonably probative value on the basis of which any satisfaction could have been arrived that his activities were adverse to the security of the nation. There has been a non application of mind on the part of the detaining authority to a very vital and material fact. This would vitiate the order of detention and render the detention void, he added.

He said there are several documents in the paper book supplied to him which are in Tamil. He has no knowledge of the Tamil language. English transactions of the said documents have not been furnished to him. A stale and solitary incident which took place on August 19, 2003 could not have formed the basis for an order of detention being issued more than two years later, he added.

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'Mao': The Real Mao

October 23, 2005

By NICHOLAS D. KRISTOF

DO YOU KNOW DURING MAO'S 27 YEAR RULE IN CHINA , 70 MILLION PEOPLE WERE KILLED -- Lal Salam ):

If Chairman Mao had been truly prescient, he would have located a little girl in Sichuan Province named Jung Chang and "mie jiuzu"- killed her and wiped out all her relatives to the ninth degree.

But instead that girl grew up, moved to Britain and has now written a biography of Mao that will help destroy his reputation forever. Based on a decade of meticulous interviews and archival research, this magnificent biography methodically demolishes every pillar of Mao's claim to sympathy or legitimacy.

Almost seven decades ago, Edgar Snow's "Red Star Over China" helped make Mao a heroic figure to many around the world. It marked an opening bookend for Mao's sunny place in history - and this biography will now mark the other bookend.

When I first opened this book, I was skeptical. Chang is the author of "Wild Swans," a hugely successful account of three generations of women in her family, and it was engaging but not a work of scholarship. I was living in China when it appeared, and my Chinese friends and I were all surprised at its success, for the experiences she recounted were sad but not unusual. As for this biography, written together with her husband, Jon Halliday, a historian, I expected it to be similarly fat but slight. Also, the subtitle is "The Unknown Story" - which, after all that has been written about Mao, made me cringe.

Yet this is a magisterial work. True, much of Mao's brutality has already emerged over the years, but this biography supplies substantial new information and presents it all in a stylish way that will put it on bedside tables around the world. No wonder the Chinese government has banned not only this book but issues of magazines with reviews of it, for Mao emerges from these pages as another Hitler or Stalin.

In that regard, I have reservations about the book's judgments, for my own sense is that Mao, however monstrous, also brought useful changes to China. And at times the authors seem so eager to destroy him that I wonder if they exclude exculpatory evidence. But more on those cavils later.

Mao is not only a historical figure, of course, but is part of the (tattered) web of legitimacy on which the People's Republic rests. He is part of the founding mythology of the Chinese government, the Romulus and Remus of "People's China," and that's why his portrait hangs in Tiananmen Square. Even among ordinary Chinese, Mao retains a hold on the popular imagination, and some peasants in different parts of China have started traditional religious shrines honoring him. That's the ultimate honor for an atheist - he has become a god.

Mao's sins in later life are fairly well known, and even Chen Yun, one of the top Chinese leaders in the 1980's, suggested that it might have been best if Mao had died in 1956. This biography shows, though, that Mao was something of a fraud from Day 1.

The authors assert, for example, that he was not in fact a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party, as is widely believed, and that the party was founded in 1920 rather than 1921. Moreover, they rely on extensive research in Russian archives to show that the Chinese party was entirely under the thumb of the Russians. In one nine-month period in the 1920's, for example, 94 percent of the party's funding came from Russia, and only 6 percent was raised locally. Mao rose to be party leader not because he was the favorite of his fellow Chinese, but because Moscow chose him. And one reason Moscow chose him was that he excelled in sycophancy: he once told the Russians that "the latest Comintern order" was so brilliant that "it made me jump for joy 300 times."

Mao has always been celebrated as a great peasant leader and military strategist. But this biography mocks that claim. The mythology dates from the "Autumn Harvest Uprising" of 1927. But, according to Chang and Halliday, Mao wasn't involved in the fighting and in fact sabotaged it - until he hijacked credit for it afterward.

It's well known that Mao's first wife (or second, depending on how you count), Yang Kaihui, was killed in 1930 by a warlord rival of Mao's. But not much else is known of her. Now Chang and Halliday quote from poignant unsent letters that were discovered during renovations of her old home in 1982 and in 1990. The letters reveal both a deep love for Mao and a revulsion for the brutality of her time (and of her husband). "Kill, kill, kill!" she wrote in one letter, which became a kind of memoir of her life. "All I hear is this sound in my ears! Why are human beings so evil? Why so cruel?" Mao could easily have saved this gentle woman, the mother of his first three children, for he passed near the home where he had left her. But he didn't lift a finger, and she was shot to death at the age of 29.

By this time, the book relates, many in the Red Army distrusted Mao - so he launched a brutal purge of the Communist ranks. He wrote to party headquarters that he had discovered 4,400 subversives in the army and had tortured them all and executed most of them. A confidential report found that a quarter of the entire Red Army under Mao at the time was slaughtered, often after they were tortured in such ways as having red-hot rods forced into their rectums.

One of the most treasured elements of Chinese Communist history is the Long March, the iconic flight across China to safety in the northwest. It is usually memorialized as a journey in which Mao and his comrades showed incredible courage and wisdom in sneaking through enemy lines and overcoming every hardship. Chang and Halliday undermine every element of that conventional wisdom.

First, they argue that Mao and the Red Army escaped and began the Long March only because Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek deliberately allowed them to. They argue that Chiang wanted to send his own troops into three southwestern provinces but worried about antagonizing the local warlords. So he channeled the Red Army into those provinces on the Long March and then, at the invitation of the alarmed warlords, sent in troops to expel the Communists and thus succeeded in bringing the wayward provinces into his domain.

More startling, they argue that Mao didn't even walk most of the Long March - he was carried. "On the march, I was lying in a litter," they quote Mao as saying decades later. "So what did I do? I read. I read a lot." Now, that's bourgeois.

The most famous battle of the Long March was the Communists' crossing of the Dadu Bridge, supposedly a heroic assault under enemy fire. Harrison Salisbury's 1985 book, "The Long March," describes a "suicide attack" over a bridge that had been mostly dismantled, then soaked with kerosene and set on fire. But Chang and Halliday write that this battle was a complete fabrication, and in a triumph of scholarship they cite evidence that all 22 men who led the crossing survived and received gifts afterward of a Lenin suit and a fountain pen. None was even wounded. They quote Zhou Enlai as expressing concern afterward because a horse had been lost while crossing the bridge.

The story continues in a similar vein: Mao had a rival, Wang Ming, poisoned and nearly killed while in their refuge in Yenan. Mao welcomed the Japanese invasion of China, because he thought this would lead to a Russian counterinvasion and a chance for him to lead a Russian puppet regime. Far from leading the struggle against the Japanese invaders, Mao ordered the Red Army not to fight the Japanese and was furious when other Communist leaders skirmished with them. Indeed, Mao is said to have collaborated with Japanese intelligence to undermine the Chinese Nationalist forces.

Almost everybody is tarnished. Madame Sun Yat-sen, also known as Song Qingling, is portrayed as a Soviet agent, albeit not very convincingly. And Zhang Xueliang, the "Young Marshal" who is widely remembered as a hero in China for kidnapping Chiang Kai-shek to force him to fight the Japanese, is portrayed as a power-hungry coup-monger. I knew the Young Marshal late in his life, and his calligraphy for my Chinese name adorns the Chinese version of my business cards, but now I'm wondering if I should get new cards.

After Mao comes to power, Chang and Halliday show him continuing his thuggery. This is more familiar ground, but still there are revelations. Mao used the Korean War as a chance to slaughter former Nationalist soldiers. And Mao says some remarkable things about the peasants he was supposed to be championing. When they were starving in the 1950's, he instructed: "Educate peasants to eat less, and have more thin gruel. The State should try its hardest . . . to prevent peasants eating too much." In Moscow, he offered to sacrifice the lives of 300 million Chinese, half the population at the time, and in 1958 he blithely declared of the overworked population: "Working like this, with all these projects, half of China may well have to die."

At times, Mao seems nuts. He toyed with getting rid of people's names and replacing them with numbers. And discussing the possible destruction of the earth with nuclear weapons, he mused that "this might be a big thing for the solar system, but it would still be an insignificant matter as far as the universe as a whole is concerned."

Chang and Halliday recount how the Great Leap Forward led to the worst famine in world history in the late 1950's and early 1960's, and how in 1966 Mao clawed his way back to supreme power in the chaos of the Cultural Revolution. Some of the most fascinating material involves Zhou Enlai, the longtime prime minister, who comes across as a complete toady of Mao, even though Mao tormented him by forcing him to make self-criticisms and by seating him in third-rate seats during meetings. In the mid-1970's, Zhou was suffering from cancer and yet Mao refused to allow him to get treatment - wanting Zhou to be the one to die first. "Operations are ruled out for now" for Zhou, Mao declared on May 9, 1974. "Absolutely no room for argument." And so, sure enough, Zhou died in early 1976, and Mao in September that year.

This is an extraordinary portrait of a monster, who the authors say was responsible for more than 70 million deaths. But how accurate is it? A bibliography and endnotes give a sense of sourcing, and they are impressive: the authors claim to have talked to everyone from Mao's daughter, Li Na, to his mistress, Zhang Yufeng, to Presidents George H. W. Bush and Gerald Ford. But it's not clear how much these people said. One of those listed as a source is Zhang Hanzhi, Mao's English teacher and close associate; she's also one of my oldest Chinese friends, so I checked with her. Zhang Hanzhi said that she had indeed met informally with Chang two or three times but had declined to be interviewed and never said anything substantial. I hope that Chang and Halliday will share some of their source materials, either on the Web or with other scholars, so that it will be possible to judge how fairly and accurately they have reached their conclusions.

My own feeling is that most of the facts and revelations seem pretty well backed up, but that ambiguities are not always adequately acknowledged. To their credit, the authors seem to have steered clear of relying on some of the Hong Kong magazines that traffic in a blurry mix of fact and fiction, but it is still much harder to ferret out the truth than they acknowledge. The memoirs and memories they rely on may be trustworthy, most of the time, but I question the tone of brisk self-confidence that the authors use in recounting events and quotations - and I worry that some things may be hyped.

Take the great famine from 1958 to 1961. The authors declare that "close to 38 million people died," and in a footnote they cite a Chinese population analysis of mortality figures in those years. Well, maybe. But there have been many expert estimates in scholarly books and journals of the death toll, ranging widely, and in reality no one really knows for sure - and certainly the mortality data are too crude to inspire confidence. The most meticulous estimates by demographers who have researched the famine toll are mostly lower than this book's: Judith Banister estimated 30 million; Basil Ashton also came up with 30 million; and Xizhe Peng suggested about 23 million. Simply plucking a high-end estimate out of an article and embracing it as the one true estimate worries me; if that is stretched, then what else is?

Another problem: Mao comes across as such a villain that he never really becomes three-dimensional. As readers, we recoil from him but don't really understand him. He is presented as such a bumbling psychopath that it's hard to comprehend how he bested all his rivals to lead China and emerge as one of the most worshipped figures of the last century.

Finally, there is Mao's place in history. I agree that Mao was a catastrophic ruler in many, many respects, and this book captures that side better than anything ever written. But Mao's legacy is not all bad. Land reform in China, like the land reform in Japan and Taiwan, helped lay the groundwork for prosperity today. The emancipation of women and end of child marriages moved China from one of the worst places in the world to be a girl to one where women have more equality than in, say, Japan or Korea. Indeed, Mao's entire assault on the old economic and social structure made it easier for China to emerge as the world's new economic dragon.

Perhaps the best comparison is with Qinshihuang, the first Qin emperor, who 2,200 years ago unified China, built much of the Great Wall, standardized weights and measures and created a common currency and legal system - but burned books and buried scholars alive. The Qin emperor was as savage and at times as insane as Mao - but his success in integrating and strengthening China laid the groundwork for the next dynasty, the Han, one of the golden eras of Chinese civilization. In the same way, I think, Mao's ruthlessness was a catastrophe at the time, brilliantly captured in this extraordinary book - and yet there's more to the story: Mao also helped lay the groundwork for the rebirth and rise of China after five centuries of slumber.

Nicholas D. Kristof, a columnist for The New York Times, has written books about China and Asia together with his wife, Sheryl WuDunn.

Maoist NAXALITES announce reward for killing cops

Ranchi: In a tit for tat move, Maoist guerrillas in Jharkhand have announced Rs.200,000 for anyone who arrests or kills two senior police officers in Garwah district.

This is first time Maoists have announced such rewards anywhere in the country.

In a statement, the Communist Party of India-Maoist named the two officers it wants eliminated as Garwah Superintendent of Police Deepak Verma and Sub-Divisional Police Officer Alok Kumar.

The statement was signed by Suman, a sub zonal commander of the outlawed group.

The police had earlier announced a reward of Rs.50,000 on Suman's head.

Maoist guerrillas are active in 16 of the 22 districts of the state. Nearly 530 people, including 225 security personnel, have been killed in the last five years in Maoist related violence.

Woman Maoist NAXAL surrenders

Sunday October 23 2005 12:43 IST

KADAPA: CPI Maoist Penna Ahobilam dalam member Bharatakka surrendered before district Superintendent of Police Y Nagireddy here on Saturday.

Bharatakka alias Battula Aruna worked in People’s War and Jana Natyamandali for more than two decades. In all, 31 cases pertaining to various incidents violence were registered against Bharatakka.

The SP said Bharatakka of Kothapalle in Peddapappur Mandal joined the mainstream due to ill-health and increase in oppression against women in the organisation.

Influenced by Gadar’s revolutionary songs, Bharatakka became a member of Jana Natyamandali in 1984. In 1988, she married Balija Rammohan alias Yarra Satyam.

Later, the couple lived in Tippepalle in Karnataka and continued their revolutionary activities. She joined the Penna Ahobilam dalam in 1995.

She also worked as member of Papaghni guerrilla squad for some time. The Nellore police arrested Bharatakka in April 2004.

After serving sentence at the Central Jail in Kadapa, she came out in January this year.

Bharatakka said she came out of the outfit unable to tolerate the gender discrimination and violation of the party ideology by Dalam members.

Additional SP M Lakshmi Reddy and Officer on Special Duty Wessley were also present.