Saturday, November 26, 2005

Good riddance, but road all uphill ahead

TAVLEEN SINGH

Posted online: Sunday, November 27, 2005 at 0000 hours IST




Last week provided us with a rare moment of hope in politics — the defeat of Mr and Mrs Laloo Yadav. No defeat was more deserved, more reassuring for those of us who remain recklessly optimistic about the future of Bharat Mata despite the abysmal quality of our political class. But, even abysmal has degrees of abysmal-ness and if we looked for its nadir we would find nestled at rock bottom Mr and Mrs Laloo. They are perfect examples of the kind of politicians India does not need. Their politics reminds us of a time when divisions of caste and creed were so much our only reality that even our better political leaders were forced to use these divisions to get elected. The Congress Party still does as we saw from the list printed in this newspaper of their Bihar candidates. Not only were they identified by caste but by their sub-castes. Shame, shame, Soniaji. But, whatever the flaws of the Congress Party, and there are many, they pale when compared with those of Laloo and Rabri.

Bihar was far from perfect in pre-Laloo times but there were norms of public behaviour, aspirations to ethical standards, accountability at least in some measure. The most obvious example of how things changed under Laloo is Rabri herself. It would have been impossible in earlier times for a Chief Minister charged with corruption to hand his job over to his semi-literate wife and openly rule on her behalf. Impossible for him to continue winning elections despite this outrage but Laloo manipulated caste and ‘‘commnal phorces’’ better than anyone else and managed to keep Muslims and other backward castes fooled a lot longer than they should have been fooled.



So what now? Bihar’s institutions of governance, law and order, education, healthcare and development are in such a state of ruin that Nitish Kumar is going to need more than good intentions to bring about change. The only glimmer of hope in the ruined state he inherits is that he can initiate radical changes more easily than if the structures had been intact.

He has mentioned law and order as his first priority and it should be if you keep in mind that nearly half the state’s districts are in the grip of Naxalite terrorist groups. If he is serious about changing this terrible state of affairs he would need first to tour the police stations in these districts and personally examine the conditions in which policemen work. Once he has finished this tour he needs to appoint somebody like K P S Gill to create a special anti-terrorist force to deal with the problem. If he thinks that the average Bihari policeman can do the job he will be making the same mistake Laloo Yadav did for 15 years as Leftist and casteist terrorism grew and grew.

He has talked of infrastructure development as one of his top priorities and again it should be but the task before him is monumental. Other states have bad roads but as someone who travels much in the wilds of rural India may I say that I have seen no other state in which there is almost not a single, proper road. Laloo Yadav did not build any because he believed that roads were only for rich people. It is a convenient Leftist lie because the truth is that what you really achieve by not building roads is forcing wretchedly poor people to continue living in wretched poverty.

On the electricity front the situation is so bad that enterprising, jobless young men in Bihar’s smaller towns make a living out of alternative power supply. They buy generators and use them to supply bazaars and other consumers with desperately needed electricity. Again, Nitish Kumar needs to innovate and seriously start decentralising generation and distribution so that towns and villages find ways of generating their own supplies. Without privatisation it is hard to think how the state can meet the demand.

If he manages to deal with basic infrastructure problems it would still only be a beginning. He would then have to get down to building schools — Bihar’s literacy rates are half the national average — and building the state’s non-existent public health services. Then there are the jobs that Biharis need so desperately that they travel to distant states in search of the most menial work.

So, although the defeat of Mr and Mrs Laloo is a moment of hope it is only a small hope because if Nitish Kumar’s government fails to make radical changes we will be back to questions of caste and creed and if that happens Bihar has had it. The rest of India will find it increasingly hard to wait for it to catch up.

Write to tavleensingh@expressindia.com

Maoists eye link between states - Andhra-Jharkhand lifeline for red aid

- Andhra-Jharkhand lifeline for red aid
OUR CORRESPONDENT

Bhubaneswar, Nov. 25: The Maoists are planning to create a corridor through Orissa to connect Jharkhand with their stronghold in Andhra Pradesh.

Making a statement to this effect on behalf of Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik in the state Assembly, parliamentary affairs minister Padmanav Behera said the state has deployed Orissa Armed Police, state security forces and diverted a company of the CRPF to Sambalpur district.

Behera made the statement in response to a special mention on the activities of the Maoists in the district. There has been a concerted bid by the extremists to extend their influence in the contiguous hilly and jungle stretches, straddling across Sambalpur and Deogarh districts, he added.

Of the 3 battalions of CRPF deployed in Orissa for anti-Naxalite activities, two battalions were deployed in southern districts of Malkangiri, Koraput, Rayagada and Gajapati.

The third battalion has two of its companies deployed in Sundargarh, one each in Mayurbhanj and Keonjhar while one company has been temporarily diverted to Sambalpur in view of the increasing incidents of violence by the extremists.

The merger between the People’s War and the Maoist Communist Centre, culminating in the birth of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) in September 2004, and the failure of the peace talks between the extremists and the Andhra Pradesh government appear to have contributed towards the growth of the Naxalite movement in the remote districts of Orissa.

The rebels have increased their presence in the northern and southern regions of the state, where tribal people form the majority. Of late, reports of Naxalite violence are also streaming in from parts of western Orissa and from the coastal belt.

This year, the guerrillas have stepped up their activities in Raygada and Malkangiri bordering Andhra Pradesh. Intelligence sources said the rebels have been able to establish a connecting route between Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh. The corridor passes mostly through forest belts and crosses human habitats at few places.

After realising how intelligence failure led to the looting of arms by the rebels from the government armoury at the district headquarters, Koraput, in February 2004, the state police formed a Special Intelligence Wing to keep track of the rebel activities.

But the battle between the Maoists and the police seems to have entered a serious phase. With pressure mounting on the extremists in Andhra Pradesh it is believed that many senior Maoist leaders have shifted base to Dandakaranya region in Orissa and Chhattisgarh.

Another disturbing facet for the law-enforcers was brought up in a recent study by journalist Richard Mohapatra.

After the formation of the CPI(Maoist), he said, Naxalites have been spreading their net at the rate of two districts per week. They extended their influence from 55 districts in nine states, in November 2003, to 155 districts in 15 states by February 2005 and plan to control 25 districts by 2007.

At present, 10 of the 30 districts of Orissa are in the grip of Naxalites.

Financially, the study noted, CPI(Maoist) is the better off group in India.

Red Star over Bihar



The Maoist raid on Jehanabad jail shows the increasing firepower of the Naxalites.
Ambarish Dutta reports from Patna


Violence begets violence: A file photo of armed Maoists visiting the Naxal area

THE strike by the Maoists in Jehanabad was not an isolated incident but a well-planned attack with clear objectives. And the Maoists were confident that they could carry it out in the social and political powder keg that is Bihar. The wounded Maoist, Manoj Kanu, who succumbed to his injuries on the night of November 16 at Patna Medical College and Hospital, had reportedly disclosed to the Intelligence during interrogation that before the attack, over 600 newly recruited Maoists were trained in arms in the Gurap jungle, near the Bihar-Jharkhand border, in the presence of Maoists from Andhra Pradesh.

On the night of November 13, a sentry and an inmate of Jehanabad District Jail were shot dead and three others were injured as Naxalites looted 16 rifles and ammunition. Nearly half of the jail’s 650 inmates were missing. They were either ‘rescued’ by the Naxalites or had managed to flee. Dreaded Ajay Kanu, state secretary of the CPI (Maoists), was believed to be among the escapees.


Policemen chase family members of prisoners demonstrating in front of the Jehanabad district jail


Jail personnel shows blood-stained warning posters issued by Maoists


The attack was to release Maoist leader Ajay Kanu
— Photos by Sonu Kishan

The big picture

The timing and strategy of the jailbreak was not merely to free the top Naxal leaders from the jail. The larger motive of the Naxals was the desire to make their presence felt on the home turf, in the Gaya-Jehanabad belt. Sustained crackdown on them by the security forces in the run-up to the poll had loosened their stranglehold. The district went to the poll in the first phase. The raid was a bid to whip up a fear psychosis, especially among the upper castes. Out of 38 districts in Bihar, over 12 are now Naxal-affected in south, central and north Bihar.

Reportedly as many as 2,500 people, on both sides — the Ranvir Sena and the Maoists — have lost their lives in Bihar during the past 30 years.

In the adjacent Jharkhand, official figures reveal the numbers of victims in Maoists attack in 2003, 2004 and 2005 as 128, 171 and 75, respectively.

Sources in the Intelligence, who submitted their report to the Union Home Ministry long back, admitted the attempt by the CPI (Maoists), after the People’s War Group (PWG) and the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) merged in 2004 after a long fratricidal war, to establish a "red corridor." This, they preferred to call a "liberated zone," stretching from the "Siliguri corridor" of West Bengal to Andhra Pradesh, comprising Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.

A senior Intelligence official disclosed that after the MCC and the PWG joined hands to form the CPI(Maoists), under the influence of Maoists from Nepal in 2004, they had gained by way of firepower, better arms and ammunition and greater trans-border coordination. "The Indian Maoists reportedly have over 4,000 trained cadres now who can operate arms, both crude and sophisticated," the sources said.

Military precision

The official said, "Unlike previous such attacks by the Maoists, the attack on Jehanabad revealed the growing military skills of the Maoists. Like an Army operation, they had simultaneously attacked three targets — the jail, police lines and CRPF outposts — as part of their diversionary tactics, to achieve their primary goal to release their top leader Ajay Kanu".

It may also be wrong to equate the Jehanabad episode to that of the first Naxalite upsurge in West Bengal at Naxalbari in 1967. As Dipankar Bhattacharya, general secretary of the CPI(ML)—the party which emerged as the biggest democratic Left force in Bihar after the February Assembly poll—puts it, "While the Naxalite upsurge between the late 1960s and mid-1970s in West Bengal and other parts was more explicit in terms of its political agenda, the Jehanabad and related incidents involving the CPI(Maoists), on the contrary, speak less of a political agenda and more of military bravery."

Perhaps it would not lead to any political solution to the core issue of "land reforms" and related socio-economic developments at the grassroots level with the greater participation of the poor and the downtrodden, including the tribals. "Violence begets violence and leads to more state repression by diverting the focus from the core issue of land reforms which was at the root of backwardness and economic underdevelopment in the Naxalite-affected districts," he observed.

The views expressed by Bhattacharya gained credence when none other than the Union Minister of State for Home and Congress leader, Sriprakash Jaiswal, during his recent visit to Bihar, admitted that "force alone cannot solve the Naxalite problem".

Deploying the National Security Guards (NSG) for the first time in Bihar to combat the Maoists in the wake of the incident, Jaiswal was of the view that all the Naxalite-affected states in the country, including Andhra Pradesh and Jharkhand, should try to implement the West Bengal model of land reforms executed by the Left Front government there. Jaiswal, while claiming that land reforms by West Bengal could limit the problem of Naxalites to a few pockets there, did not explain why the Naxalite-related problem persisted in the Left-ruled West Bengal despite the implementation of land reforms way back in the late 1970s and the early 1980s after the Left Front came to power in 1977.

Way back in 1986, the then Congress Chief Minister Bindeshwari Dube had crushed an otherwise peaceful congregation of villagers at Arwal in Bihar when the SP, C.R. Kaswan, opened fire on unarmed villagers and killed 20 persons who had gathered at a local library.

The meeting was convened by "party unity," a faction of the Naxalites, and the firing on villagers who had gathered in the library was still being viewed as a turning point in the land reforms-related agitation in Bihar. This massacre is compared to that of "Jallianwala Bagh."

It has taken almost 20 years, since the 1986 "Arawal massacre," for the Congress to realise that "use of force" cannot be the ultimate solution to the Naxalite problem in the country. Unless people at the grassroots gain by extensive land reforms and related developments work.

Trail of violence


On January 5, 2005, the district police chief of Mungher, K.C. Surendra Babu, was killed by Naxalites.

In the second major attack, on June 23, 2005, over 200 Maoists went on a rampage in Madhuban, east Champaran district, Bihar. They looted many arms and set a police station on fire.

A total of 510 persons, 295 civilians, 89 security personnel and 126 Naxalites were killed in Naxalite violence till July 31, 2005.

On September 3, 2005, the Maoists blew up a mine-protected vehicle in their bastion, in Dantewada district, Chhattisgarh, killing 24 policemen.

On November 11, 2005, the Home Guards Training Centre in Giridh was raided and 185 rifles and 25,000 rounds of ammunition were looted.

In the last 15 years, in cases related to the killing of nearly 1,000 persons, not a single Ranvir sena activist has been punished by a court in Bihar.

Caste equations


The sheer magnitude of the attack has thrown up challenges for the security forces as well as prised open old schisms of caste. There is an attempt to generalise the incidents of clashes involving the Naxalites and the Ranvir Sena along caste lines.

It is true that the Ranvir Sena was formed in 1994 as a private army of the upper castes to protect their land against Maoists’ "attempts to capture the same in the name of the Dalits." There have been massacres like killing of 59 Dalits at Lakhimpur Bathe in 1997, 21 at Bathanitola in 1996, 23 at Shankarbigha in 1999, 12 at Narayanpur in 1999, 33 at Mianpur in 2000.

In retaliation, 33 persons of the upper castes were killed by the MCCin 1999, in Senari. The fast land reforms movement in Bihar was initiated by Sahajanand Saraswari, who represented the upper castes, under the then Kisan Sabha of the CPI between the 1950s and 60s.

Why could not the Kisan Sabha, after spearheading the first leg of land reforms movement in the 1970s, lead the same movement for the "ultimate land reforms" which bring real socio-economic empowerment to the Dalits and OBCs? This, perhaps, speaks volumes for the stagnation of the CPI in Bihar after the 1970s, and the emergence of the CPI(ML) as the biggest democratic Left force in Bihar after the the February Assembly poll.

Regional forces

An economics graduate from Pune and a law student, Vivek Verma, who was born and brought up in Patna, says, "It is true that the emergence of Lalu Prasad, Ramvilas Paswan or Mayawati can always be viewed as the emergence of Dalits and OBCs as greater stake-holders in the power-sharing process. But to what extent has their emergence given the Dalits, OBCs and tribals at the grassroots the benefits of socio-economic development?"

The victims of the Mianpur massacre by the Ranvir Sena in Bihar in 2000 were Yadavs, despite the fact that the RJD was in power in the state. Retired advocate of the Patna High Court, Jagdish Prasad, said that the report of the Ashish Das Committee, formed in 1998 to inquire into the massacre of 59 Dalits in Lakhimpur Bathe in 1997, was yet to see the light of day.

Could the killing of the maximum number of Dalits and the OBCs during the RJD rule, preceded by the formation of the Ranvir Sena, be viewed as a retaliation by the upper castes against the emergence of Lalu Prasad? The failure of the RJD and other forces, who claim to be catering to the causes of the Dalits and the OBCs, to protect the victims of the Ranvir Sena under their banner, directly or indirectly, helped the Maoists to capitalise on it. North Bihar shares the longest border with Nepal (643 km), and through rivers (Gandak, Koshi) and roads, the Maoists from Nepal could always have a link with the Maoists in central and south Bihar districts that are well linked to Maoists-affected Hazaribagh and Giridh in Jharkhand. They are,in turn, connected to Puruluia in West Bengal, which is linked to Midnapore, the gateway of West Bengal to Orissa and Andhra Pradesh. The danger to the internal security of the country posed by the Maoists is underlined by the first-ever deployment of the NSG after the Jehanabad episode.

Intelligence agencies are aware that the "Siliguri corridor" in West Bengal can be accessed from Nepal and Bangladesh, and geo-politically, too, the same corridor provides the only "rail and road link" with the North-East.

Last year, the Assam Government cautioned the Centre against the reported attempt by the ISI to forge a link between the ULFA,the KLO of West Bengal and the Maoists, with the help of Jehadi groups operating from the Bangladesh soil.

Andhra : DIG rules out political pressure behind Naxalite killings

Saturday November 26 2005 10:10 IST

ADILABAD: No politician or legislator from the district has forced police to kill the Naxalites, said Karimnagar range DIG A R Anuradha.

Speaking to newspersons at Nirmal on Friday, she averred that the encounters that occurred in the district were not fake.

She made it clear that police would arrest persons carrying weapons.

Answering a query, she said the proposal for a new traffic police station in Nirmal would be sent for consideration to higher officials.

Accompanied by Nirmal DSP Lakshminarayana and other officials, she made sudden inspection of police stations in the town.

Meanwhile, district police identified the woman Naxalite killed in an exchange of fire in Jogapur forest in Kagaznagar mandal on Tuesday.

46 naxals surrender in AP

Warangal | November 26, 2005 10:44:17 PM IST



Fourty-six naxals including five from the CPI(Maoist) today surrendered before Andhra Pradesh Home Minister K Jana Reddy and DGP Swaranjeet Sen.

In a programme organised by Warangal SP Stephen Ravindra, naxals belonging to Maoist, Janasakti, Prathighatana, Praja Prathighatana, CPUSI, New Democracy and Adivasi Liberation Tigers gave up arms and surrendered.

Addressing them, the Home Minister said government would help them lead an honourable life and provide gainful employment.

Later answering queries from reporters, Mr Reddy said the government had not received any complaints about Cobra outfits except media reports. However, he had taken suo moto action and directed police to probe allegations that organisations calling themselves ''Cobras'' were killing sympathisers of extremist organisations.

He denied that Congress MLA Damodar Reddy had links with Moddu Sreenu, second accused in the murder of TDP MLA Paritala Ravindra.

UNI JRK pPDS KP2109

13 Ranvir Sena members arrested in Jehanabad

Patna | November 26, 2005 8:15:05 PM IST



Thirteen members of the banned Ranvir Sena were Saturday arrested in Jehanabad district of Bihar, according to police sources.

Police officials said the arrests were made during an ongoing operation started after the Nov 13 Maoist attack.

"About 10 rifles and 100 rounds of bullets were recovered," the police sources said.

Police raided a village and arrested the men after receiving a tip-off that they were planning an attack.

The Maoists had freed over 300 jail inmates and killed two Ranvir Sena leaders lodged in the district jail.

The Ranvir Sena, which has long battled the Maoists, had announced that it would avenge the killing of its two area commanders.

In Jehanabad, over 200 people have been killed due to the rivalry between the backward castes backed by the Maoists and upper castes under the banner of the private militia Ranvir Sena.

(IANS)

Christian missionaries dangerous than Naxalism

Convention of forest people in Sirsi
Saturday November 26 2005 11:38 IST

HUBLI: Krishnamurthy, organising secretary of Karnataka Vanavasi Kalyana Samsthe, said that a two-day state-level convention of people living in forest areas will be held on February 4 and 5 at Sirsi.

Speaking to reporters here on Friday, Krishnamurthy said that the Samsthe was pledged to the cause of people living in forest areas and is committed to infuse self-respect among the tribal community to get them into the mainstream.

He alleged that Naxal outfits and Christian missionaries have been sowing seeds of separatism among tribals by promising them milk and honey.

People in the Western ghats and other dense forests live under fear psychosis as the forests are hideouts of outlaws. Religious conversions are being done in Malanad by Christian missionaries, which would be a worse threat to the security of nation than Naxalism, he opined.

Sacchidanand, trustee of Vanavasi Samsthe, said that governments have been evicting people living in forests for centuries in the name of forest conservation and banning them from procuring small scale forest produce. This has left them in financially insecure.

Shantaram Siddi, state secretary, said that the Samsthe has taken several initiatives in forest areas to standardise the living conditions of tribals since most of lived below the poverty line.

In this regard, schools, student hostels, hospitals, self employment training centres, meditation and personality development centres, agricultural and livestock care centres have been started by the Samsthe for the tribals free of cost.

AP CM urge naxals to lay down arms, sit for talks

Gulbarga | November 26, 2005 5:37:44 PM IST



Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy today appealed to naxalites to give up arms and sit for talks with the government to solve their problems amicably.

Talking to reporters at the helipad in the city, Dr Reddy, who was on a three-hour visit to the M R medical college here to take part in its Alumni Meet-2005, assured that the naxal problem would be sorted out soon and informed that the Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka governments were planning to jointly hold talks with the ultras to solve their socio-economic problems.

Stating that the naxal problem had been troubling the state for the last three and a half decades, Dr Reddy said tribals and poor people living in naxal-infested areas were the worst-affected.

UNI BSR RG SKB1627

Friday, November 25, 2005

NAXAL event prompts jail alert

- Security beef-up need of hour in high-risk prisons
RANJAN DASGUPTA
All eyes are on jails after Jehanabad

Jamshedpur, Nov. 25: Jails in the Naxalite-affected areas of the state have been put on high alert for fear of Maoist attacks.

With the rebels set to observe PLGA (People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army) Week from tomorrow and the audacious Jehanabad jailbreak fresh in public memory, the Arjun Munda government does not want to take any chances.


“While observing the PLGA formation week, the rebels organise meetings and pay tribute to those who have died in anti-police operations. The inputs that we have received point at possible attacks on government installations, especially jails, some of which are highly vulnerable,” said a senior police officer. The authorities of the rebel-affected districts have been asked to keep a close eye on the prisons, he added.

Of the four subdivisional jails in the state, three are particularly vulnerable. “These jails are located in the subdivisions of Ghatshila, Tenughat and Khunti. There is no proper fencing around these jails. Besides, there are no watchtowers for round-the-clock observation as well,” a source in the prison department said.

More than 200 extremists are lodged in prisons across the state with the Ranchi and Hazaribagh central jails accounting for the highest number of rebel inmates. Besides these, a sizeable number of extremists are also lodged in jails in other parts of the state.

“For example, the small jail in Ghatshila houses more than 30 extremists. But only a dozen armed police jawans are deployed in that prison, which is not at all adequate. These prisons can be attacked by the Maoists anytime,” pointed out an official.

A senior functionary in the prison department said they were reviewing security arrangements and staff strength in 19 of the 26 prisons in the state, which comprise the commissionaries of south and north Chhotanagpur, Singhbhum-Kolhan and Palamau. The seven jails in Santhal Pargana have not been included in the drive.

“We need to beef up security in some of these jails as the rebels are active in these four commissionaries. Some of the prisons do not even have proper fencing and watchtowers. The staff strength is also inadequate in some places. We will seek fiscal assistance from the government to get things sorted out,” said an official.

Though aware of the possibility of a Jehanabad-style raid, the government does not want to shift the jailed rebels from the vulnerable prisons to the ones considered safer.

“It will be a problem as they (Maoists) have to be taken to court on the days of hearing. So, it will be better if adequate measures are taken to upgrade the facilities in the jails where the Naxalites are lodged,” said a police officer.

Home minister Sudesh Mahto said the department had reviewed the security of all 26 jails in the state after the Jehanabad incident.

“There are a few prisons in the state where there is an urgent need to upgrade the arrangements from the security point-of-view,” said the minister, refusing to identify the high-risk jails.

TRIBALS TAKING TO INSURGENCY AND NAXALISM

STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO.3039 FOR ANSWER ON 24.8.2005 REGARDING TRIBALS TAKING TO INSURGENCY AND NAXALISM.

(a)&(b): There is no perceptible increase in the strength of the tribals who are taking to insurgency in the North East or in the naxal affected States. The number of violence incidents in the North-East during the current year till 31st July 2005 has reduced by 5% compared to the corresponding period in 2004. The naxal affected violence has reduced by 8% during this period.

(c): Various steps have been taken by the Government to improve the conditions of the tribals in the North-Eastern States and naxal affected States. These interalia include following:

(i) The State Governments have accepted the policy of prohibiting the transfer of land from tribals and for restoration of alienated tribal lands to them. The States with large tribal population have since enacted laws for this purpose.

(ii) A scheme for raising non-timber forest produce has been formulated to benefit the tribal population who depend upon the minor forest produce. The scheme aims at conservation and improvement of the minor forest produce including medicinal plants by adopting effective production and appropriate silvicultural practices.

(iii) An Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) has been formulated. It, interalia, provides to include new Minor Irrigation Schemes with potential of more than 100 hectares in Non-Special Category States with preference to Tribal Areas and drought prone areas.

(iv) Naxal affected States have been asked to implement the land reforms and Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act expeditiously. Other measures taken are focused attention on integrated development of the affected areas and removal of socio-cultural alienation of people, gearing up of public grievances redressal system and creation of Local Resistance Groups.

(d): The Government has taken various steps to combat the problem of insurgency and naxalism, which inter alia include deployment of Army and Central Paramilitary Forces, coordinated action by the security forces for counter insurgency/naxalism operations, modernization/upgradation of the State Police Forces, reimbursement of security related expenditure and declaration of militant organizations as ‘unlawful associations’. The Government has also extended an invitation to all militant outfits to give up the path of violence and to come forward for talks within the framework of the Indian Constitution.

Maoist scare in Haryana

Gurmeet Singh
Tribune News Service

Chandigarh, November 25
Intelligence agencies have warned against the spread of Maoist movement in Haryana. The mushrooming of various frontal organisations in Jind, Kaithal, Kurukshetra Yamunanagar, Hisar, Rohtak and Sonepat districts in the recent past has set off alarm bells.

Citing recent intelligence inputs, sources said this development came to light during the investigation of the incident in Ghaso Khurd village in Jind, where firearms were used in a clash between two communities on September 21. Activists from one community were taking out a torchlight procession in Ghaso Khurd, which was resisted by people belonging to another community. It was on the same day the CPI (Maoist) completed one year of its formation.

Sources said a detailed report along with a list of front organisations of the CPI (Maoist), including details of their office-bearers and activities, has been sent to the Haryana Chief Minister.

In fact, while speaking to reporters in Jind after a public function yesterday, Mr Bhupinder Singh Hooda categorically stated that Maoism would not be allowed to grow its roots in the state.

The report, according to sources, states that Maoists appear to have chosen to engineer caste conflicts as a part of their strategy to further their movement in Haryana and are attempting to do so by choosing soft targets like Dalits, labour class and students.
These communities, according to sources, have been chosen because the middle class in Haryana is reasonably strong and the number of landless and poor is comparatively poor than in other states like Andhra, Bihar and Orissa.

Besides raking up issues like burning of a few houses, they also stage plays about revolutionaries, to exploit the emotions of the youth.

Sources said the report has cautioned the state agencies that though the Maoist movement is still in a nascent stage in Haryana, its activities need to be kept under a careful watch.

In the backdrop of the Gohana incident in October, where some youngsters reacted violently to the Ghaso Khurd incident, intelligence reports state that some organisations had held a function in Gohana on September 28, ostensibly to install a bust of Shaheed Bhagat Singh. About 500 persons had gathered at the function, in which 12 rounds were fired from a double barrel gun as a mark of respect to Shaheed Bhagat Singh before dispersal.

China backs Nepal against Maoist insurgency

* Beijing sending arms and ammunition supplies to Nepalese army

KATHMANDU: China has dispatched truckloads of arms and ammunition to Nepal to help its ill-equipped army crush a deadly Maoist insurgency, a newspaper report said on Friday.

“China has sent at least 18 truckloads of arms and ammunition to Nepal via the Kodari highway (northeast of Kathmandu) between Tuesday and Wednesday,” the independent Nepalese-language Kantipur daily said.

Nepal’s army said it had no comment on the report.

Nepal has looked to China for arms to combat the Maoist revolt after India, the nation’s biggest arms supplier, the US and Britain suspended military aid following King Gyanendra’s seizure of power nine months ago.

“China had been providing Nepal with non-lethal equipment like telecommunication sets in the past but this is the first time it has provided guns and ammunition to Nepal,” the newspaper said.

“On Tuesday, 12 trucks entered Nepal while the following day, six more vehicles carrying arms entered Nepal from Khasa in Tibet,” the daily reported, citing unidentified sources.

An army spokesman declined to comment on the report, which did not identify the nature of the weapons. “Since it concerns the security of the nation, no comment,” army spokesman Dipak Gurung told AFP. Gyanendra dismissed the government February 1 and cracked down on civil liberties, saying the move was necessary to end the insurgency.

The Maoists declared a three-month truce in September in their insurgency launched in 1996 to topple the monarchy and install a communist republic.

This week, a seven-party opposition alliance and the rebels announced an agreement to launch a joint movement to restore democracy in Nepal under which the guerrillas would lay down their arms and join the political mainstream. Details of the pact, however, still have to be formalised.

“The Chinese army escorted the trucks carrying arms to the Nepal-China border and handed them over to Nepalese army in plainclothes and transferred the goods to civilian trucks when they entered Nepal,” the Kantipur daily said. In October, China, an important donor to impoverished Nepal, promised almost one million dollars in help to its army to crush the insurrection that has claimed more than 12,000 lives.

Royal Nepal Army chief of staff General Pyar Jung Thapa won the pledge on a visit to Beijing where Chinese leaders threw their support behind the fight against the rebels. afp

26 arrested in Bastar

Jagdalpur Chhattisgarh | November 25, 2005 7:40:44 PM IST



A naxalite, carrying a reward of Rs 5,000 on his head, has been arrested at a forest near this Bastar district's Gawadi village, police said today.

SP J P Singh confirmed Barda Dalam member Dhannuram Gond was arrested. Cases of murder and loot had been registered against him.

Meanwhile, police said CRPF arrested 25 persons from Dantewada district's Bhairamgarh area. A 12-bore gun, cartridge and explosive were seized from the area.

UNI XC-PS ARB HT1902

Orissa ready to crack down on Naxals, says Patnaik

EXPRESS NEWS SERVICE

Posted online: Saturday, November 26, 2005 at 0144 hours IST


BHUBANESWAR, NOV 25: Maoists are planning to create a corridor passing through the centre of Orissa to connect Jharkhand with their stronghold in Andhra Pradesh.

Making a statement on behalf of Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik in the assembly on Friday, parliamentary affairs minister Padmanabha Behera said the state government had deployed Orissa armed police, the state security force and diverted one company of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) to Sambalpur district.



He said the state government has requested the Centre to deploy three more companies of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) to deal with the sudden spurt in the activities of the Maoists in western Orissa districts of Sambalpur and Deogarh.

Behera admitted that there is acute shortage of security forces to face the Naxalites in these areas.

Out of the three battalions of the CRPF deployed in Orissa for anti-Naxalite operations, two have been deployed in southern districts of Malkangiri, Koraput, Rayagada and Gajapati.

The third battalion with headquarters at Rourkela, has two of its companies stationed in Sundargarh, one in Keonjhar, one in Mayurbhanj and one has been temporarily diverted to Sambalpur district in view of the increase in violence.

Behera said stray incidents of extremist violence had been observed since 2002 in Sambalpur and since the beginning of this year, eight civilians and one police personnel were killed in separate Naxalite incidents.

The statement was made in response to a special mention on the activities of the Maoists in Sambalpur district raised by Sanatan Bisi (BJD). The minister said there had been a concerted bid by the extremists to extend their influence in the contiguous hilly and jungle stretch, straddling Sambalpur and Deogarh districts.

The minister said the Special Operations Group (SOG) has been established and a special intelligence wing has been formed to strengthen intelligence gathering. Police personnel are being trained in anti-extremist operations in the districts, as well as in the Grey Hound Training Centre, Hyderabad. Sophisticated arms and equipment have been provided to police the area.

Centre decides to recall NSG commandoes from Jehanabad

SUDHI RANJAN SEN

Posted online: Saturday, November 26, 2005 at 0142 hours IST




NEW DELHI, NOV 25: One squadron, comprising 140 Black Cat commandoes, deployed in Jehanabad after the jailbreak by Naxals, of the National Security Guard (NSG) today returned here and the second squadron is expected to come back tomorrow.

Meanwhile, the Centre has turned down Bihar’s request for additional 60 companies of paramiltary forces. According to Union Home Ministry officials, today’s decision was taken after considering the ground situation and also the Centre wanted to send a message to the state administration.



According to the Centre, Bihar has failed to put its house in order despite repeated reminders on revamping the police machinery.

‘‘Deploying paramilitary forces won’t help, since local police are unable to gather any workable evidence on Naxals operating in as many as 36 districts out of total 42 districts,’’ the officials said, adding that ‘‘The message has been sent to Naxals and keeping NSG there any longer will achieve nothing more.’’

On November 12, Naxals attacked three places-the Police Lines, a local college where EVMs were kept and the Jehanabad jail. They not only managed to free one of the top Naxal leaders but also abducted over 20 Ranbir Sena men lodged in the jail.

The Centre, responsible for the law and order situation of the state in view of the Presidents Rule, rushed two squadrons of the NSG commandoes. Meanwhile, the Ministry has called a meeting of Nodal officers-appointed for better operational coordination among Naxal-infested states-in Delhi next month. The meeting will be followed by another one, headed by Union Home Secretary V K Duggal.

It is understood that the Ministry will come down heavily on Bihar and Orissa for not doing enough to deal with Naxals.

According to the Ministry’s assessment, Naxal menace has grown because states have not modernised police force or revamped local intelligence gathering mechanism.

India Reserve Battalion to combat naxals in Maharashtra

Nagpur, Nov. 26 (PTI): The Centre has sanctioned two units of India Reserve Battalion to tackle the naxal menace in Maharashtra, particularly in eastern Vidarbha, State Director General of Police, P S Pasricha, said.

"The Centre has approved the proposal of the IRB and it will be located in Gondia and Aurangabad. The structure and set-up will be like Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) to deal effectively with the naxals," Pasricha told reporters here on Friday.

Expressing happiness over the pace of surrender by the naxals in the state following introduction of surrender policy, the police chief said, "so far 60 naxals have given up arms within a short span of one and a half months and more are likely to follow".

He said some talks are going on with higher level naxals and they are likely to surrender shortly.

To a query, Pasricha said about 11,000 posts in the department have been sanctioned and necessary process has been initiated to fill them. "The posts will be filled by January next and training may commence from February next year", he added.

In the wake of Jehanabad incident, where the naxals attacked the prison and rescued prisoners, additional security have been provided to prisons in the state, he said.

Pasricha was here to review security arrangements for the forthcoming winter session of the State Assembly, commencing from December 5.

Rayalaseema Tigers , anti-Naxal outfit attacked Naxal terror Sympathiser

Civil Liberties leader's house attacked in Anantapur
Anantapur | November 25, 2005 12:45:50 PM IST



A group of five persons claiming to be 'Rayalaseema Tigers,' an alleged anti-naxal outfit, attacked the house of Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee State General Secretary S Seshaiah here and set fire to his car last night.

Police here today said the group ransacked the house before setting fire to the car parked in the open. The family members alerted the police and fire station.

Soon fire tenders rushed to the spot and extinguished the fire.

The ultras also left a note asking all civil liberties leaders of district to quit their posts by December one.

Talking to media here, Prof Seshaiah strongly condemned the incident and said the outfits under name of cobras had been attacking civil liberties activists and naxal sympathisers for five months in the state. Such attacks were made to terrorise the activists, he said.

UNI ASJ PK GC2051

Thursday, November 24, 2005

Naxals blow up police tower

Medninagar (Jharkhand), Nov 24 Naxalites blew up an under-construction police watch tower at Nawdiha village in Palamu district late last night, a top police official said.

Armed cadres of banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) used dynamite to blow up the tower, situated near the state's border with Bihar to keep a tab on their activities, DIG(Palamu) Ram Lakhan Prasad said.

A police picket was posted near the tower but no policeman was present there at the time of the explosion, he said.

Maoist under-trials not produced in court

Shyam Sundar Roy
in Midnapore

Nov. 24. — The hearing against five Maoist under trials, Sushil Roy, Patit Paban Haldar, Santosh Debnath, Prasanta Das and Sk Jakir Hossain, has been delayed as they could not be produced in the fast track court of additional sessions judge, Jhargram, in Midnapore West yesterday.

Annoyed over this, the judge, Mr Biswanath Dey, has show caused the superintendent of Midnapore West Central Jail (correctional home), where the under trials were lodged. However, the case will be heard on 29 November, the judge said.
The jail superintendent, Mr Sobhan Din, said that he has not received the show cause notice from the Jhargram Court yet. Mr Din said that he has nothing to do in the matter as 13 hard core Maoists, including those five, had been transferred to the Presidency and Dum Dum Central Jail on 19 November following the recent Jehanabad jailbreak in Bihar by the Maoists.

“It is the responsibility of the Presidency Jail authorities to arrange for their appearance in the Jhargram Court as the custody warrant was sent along with them which contained the date of their appearance in the court,” the jail superintendent said. Sushil Roy, Politburo member of the CPI (Maoist), along with four others were charged in a Belpahari police station case.

But he was subsequently transferred to the Midnapore Central Jail from Jhargram Sub-jail for facilitating treatment of his heart problems and other ailments in Midnapore Medical College Hospital.

Later, Patit Paban Haldar, a central committee member of the outfit and three others were also transferred to Midnapore for security reasons. Meanwhile, in a note, the state home (jails) department have suggested that their case be shifted to some other court in the state from Jhargram for security reasons.

Meanwhile, security in Midnapore Central Jail has been strengthened as still there are still some Maoist under trials in the jail. Strengthening security in and around the jail was overdue since the jailbreak of Debashish Chakraborty, a lifer and an aide of Aftab Ansari, the main kingpin in the American Centre attack case in Kolkata.

Armed guards are patrolling around the jail throughout the night. Besides, two video cameras have been installed in the jail to monitor the movement of the inmates, the jail superintendent said

NAXAL nightmare for Eastern Frontier Rifles

Ultra nightmare

Nani Gopal Pal
in Bandwan

Nov. 24. – A villager of Barakhula, near Rajagram police camp in Bandwan block of Purulia district, Haren Sarder, said: “No, we have not seen any Maoist when we were busy pushing back the herd of 16 elephants, including six calves, towards the Jharkhand border on Friday through the dense forest.”
Even then, the armed forces of different police camps in the Bandwan block of Purulia district, including Rajagram and Rasiknagar, fear Maoist attacks following the synchronised Naxalite attacks in Jehanabad.

An armed jawan of the Eastern Frontier Rifles, Mr Ashok Lepcha and a state policeman Mr Sakti Prasad Singha, both are posted at the Rajagram Police Camp, expressed their fear over the possibility of Maoist strike on Friday.
“We have not seen any ultras, although we take position immediately after the Jehanabad incident to deal with any such eventuality.”

“Earlier, there were reports that a gang of armed Maoists were on their way to attack the police camp at Rajagram in Bandwan. Following that reports, armed forces were alerted to counter any attack. But there was none to come forward,” they added.
The superintendent of police, Purulia, Mr Rangaswami Sivakumar rushed to the spot and instructed the forces to combat the situation.

Mr Banibrata Basu, newly-posted inspector general of police (western), in place of Mr Anil Kumar, who is now in the Barrackpore Training Institution, and Mr Gangaswar Singh, DIG (Midnapur Range) also rushed to the area the next morning and met the policemen.

While talking to The Statesman, Mr Sivakumar, SP of Purulia refused to admit the presence of Maoists on that night. On 4 October, a group of armed Maoists blew up an under-construction police camp at Gurpana in Rasiknagar of Bandwan block, Purulia, forcing the police authorities to declare alert in the Rajagram police camp where 60 jawans of Eastern Frontier Rifles and State Armed Police are deployed.

Meanwhile, the minister of public health engineering, Mr Gautam Deb inaugurated a Rs 4 crore drinking water project of 9.5 lakh gallons — which will benefit more than 30,000 people of eight villages — at Chilagram on 21 November.
The minister warned the Maoists who are trying to destroy government property. He said: “We urged the villagers to dissociate themselves from the Naxalites and not to cooperate with the insurgents.

Villagers also complained that a group of policemen and jawans had harassed them, just after the Jehanabad jail break incident in Bihar.
The minister and police authorities asked the cops not to harass the innocent villagers in the name of combating and combing operations.
Following the Jehanabad jail break, security is tightened at Purulia correctional home as 225 arrested persons, including a Maoist, are housed there,. according to Mr Dhiren Chandra Ghosh, Purulia jail superintendent.

Home Minister denies `Kobras' a police creation

Medak, Andhra Pradesh, Nov 24 : Andhra Pradesh Home Minister K Jana Reddy today denied allegations that outfits named 'Kobras', who were attacking civil liberties activists and naxal sympathisers, wre the ''creation of police''.

Participating in a police programme here in the district, Mr Reddy told mediapersons that the way the Kobras were operating, it looked like they were targeting some specific people. He said, ''They cannot be the creation of police force. I have instructed Director-General of Police Swaranjit Sen to form special teams to probe seriously into the Kobras issue and bring out the culprits behind it.'' Referring to Krushi Bank issue, Mr Reddy said that credit should go to state police for tracing Krushi Bank Chairman Venkateshwara Rao. He said that they were making efforts to bring Rao to the state at the earliest. ''We will try to solve the problems faced by the victims of Krushi Bank,'' he added.

Maoists gun down two in Prakasam , Andhra Pradesh

Updated: 11-24-2005 By andhracafe Email this Page





The Maoists struck in Prakasam district on Thursday morning killing two and seriously injuring. The Maoists killed two persons branding them as police informers.

In a major incident, the Maoists numbering about 30 attacked the two in R Ummidivaram in Pullacheruvu mandal. The Maoist also burnt down two tractors belonging to one Kotireddy and later killed him. The police believe it to be the handiwork of the military wing of the Maoists from Guntur.

Bihar: NHRC issues notice to DGP in Jehanabad case

New Delhi, Nov 24 (PTI) Taking serious note of the Maoist attack on a jail in Jehanabad in Bihar, the NHRC today issued notice to the state Director General of Police to submit a report on the issue in three weeks.

The notice was issued by the National Human Rights Commission on a petition filed by 14 journalists of the print and electronic media, an NHRC official said.

The DGP had been directed to submit the reply in three weeks.

Maoist activists had attacked the district jail in Jehanabad on November 13 and freed hundreds of their colleagues, besides killing policemen and members of an opposition outfit. PTI

Opposition demands S P in Naxalite affected districts

Bhubaneswar | November 24, 2005 4:42:04 PM IST


The Opposition in Orissa Assembly today demanded a statement from Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik for not posting a Superintendent of Police in the naxalite dominated districts.
Raising a point of order during the zero hours,Orissa Gana Parishad (OGP) member Arun Dey said the SP post had been lying vacant for the last eight months in Nawarangpur district even though the district was considered as a naxalite sensitive area.

He said though the Special branch officials were saying that the naxalites had penitrated to Nawarangpur yet no steps were being taken to fill up the SP post lying vacant for so many years.

Mr Dey said the Home Department held by the Chief Minister had issued a secret circular to the Superintendent of Police of Sambalpur, Deogarh and Bargarh to hand over the arms to the Central Reserve Police Force(CRPF).

This clearly indicated that both the Chief Minister and the State Director General of Police have lost confidence among the police force, he said and demanded that the police should be withdrawan from the state assembly and replaced by the CRPF.

The OGP member urged the Speaker to direct the Chief Minister to make a statement on the incident in the house.

UNI XC-DP KK RN 1543

Naxalite shot dead

Ambikapur (Chhattisgarh) : A naxailte was today shot dead in a police encounter in Sarguja district's Ramkola area, police said.

A police team led by Pratappur SDOP S S Paikra cordoned off the ultras in the forest near Bonga village.

The extremists escaped but left the corpse of the deceased ultra behind. The deceased's identity is yet to be ascertained.

Police seized explosives from the area.

CPI(Maoist) zonal commander arrested

Ambikapur (Chhattisgarh) : A CPI(Maoist) zonal commander, who was carrying a reward of Rs 6,000 on his head, has been arrested at a forest in Sarguja district's Pratappur area, police said today.

SP Raj Kumar Devangan told UNI here that on a tip-off about Abhnadaun-resident Ajay Prajapati's presence at his native place, police raided the area. A gun was seized from the extremist.

Prajapati, who had been involved in several naxalite activities in Sarguja and Jharkhand, told reporters that he was an area commander and not a zonal commander.

He said that he had intended to surrender before police after disillusionment from the naxalite organisation and had also written to senior police officers in this regard.

CRPF, cops aim to flush out Maoists

OUR CORRESPONDENT

Jamshedpur, Nov. 23: Central Reserve Police Force jawans and district police today started an operation to flush out rebels from Saranda forest in adjoining West Singhbhum district.

The security personnel came into action after a tip-off came from Simdega police about the rebels of Communist Party of India (Maoist) entering the state from the northwestern part of Chhattisgarh.

The jawans have been deployed at strategic locations of southern region of the district, which share boundary with Orissa and Chhattisgarh.

Naxalites consider the woods of West Singhbhum district to be the safest place for accommodation and engineering ambushes in other parts of the state. Normally after major Maoist operations, the rebels enter the hilly terrain where police action against them becomes difficult because of its unfriendly geographic conditions.

A senior policeman, who did not wish to be identified, said the jawans had been camping at various strategic locations.

“It is certain that rebels have holed in certain areas of the forest and the police and jawans are raiding suspected guerrilla hideouts,” he added.

The West Singhbhum superintendent of police Navin Kumar Singh said he had been monitoring the movement of security personnel in woods of Asia’s famous saal reserve.

“The police stations concerned have been alerted about the operation and they have been asked to be ready to begin operations even at short notice, if required,” he added.

He said the forces have also been patrolling and undertaking combing operations.

The police headquarters of state has warned the district police chief of Naxalite-infested district to keep vigil over state boundary that shares with other states. Eighteen districts of Jharkhand have been affected by Naxalites.

So far, the West Singhbhum police have not arrested any Naxalites or exchanged firing with the armed extremists

State Pulse: Bihar: Naxals capture state within state

The tragedy of it all is that even after so many days the Centre has still to act, says Poonam I Kaushish

Nine o'clock is prime time for TV sitcoms in the country. It is also the time when Bihar nearly fell off the map of India. When Jehanabad was brazenly overrun and captured by over 500-odd CPI Maoist Naxals ten days ago. With a total collapse of the administrative machinery this sleepy southwest town was a 'shining' (sic) example of a State within a state. Marking the 'first historic event in Naxal history of India'. Raising a moot point: Is Bihar in India?

If the audacious "Operation Jailbreak" conducted with clinical precision and the impudent statement by the CPI (M) in Jehanabad, exposed the grievous failure and inadequacies of the Bihar Government, the State's post-jail assault reflexes have dealt a bigger blow to its credibility and raised doubts on whether the Centre has a strategy and the will to tackle the problem.

Think. If terrorists can blow up a culvert, cut rail links, target the police lines, burn down the DM's house and free over 390 of their brethren including senior leader Ajay Kahnu with impunity, it underscores the ill-preparedness of the State in even maintaining routine law and order, fobbing off militant attacks is a far cry. Worse, fears of an upper caste backlash has the State on the boil, given its tenuous social fabric.

The tragedy of it all is that even after so many days the Centre has still to act. React, it certainly has. The routine denouncements, stern warnings issued, suspension of the district SP and the IG (Jails) and posting an IG (Operations) and five Dy SPs to assist him, even as it continues to assess the damage (sic). Everything but apportioning the blame and taking action against the guilty.

What is unpardonable is the fact that both the Centre and the State Government had advance information. And in a typical babudom reaction, the Centre has accused the State administration of ignoring its warning and advice. Especially against the backdrop that the special task force on Left-wing extremism set up by the Home Ministry had finalized the ground rules on joint-cross border operations on 26 October last.

Predictably, like always in this slanging match, all willy-nilly forget and ignore the fundamental failure: Total collapse of the State in 157 of the 593 'Naxal-affected' districts. Why haven't the security forces been able to maintain law and order over such a large tract of the nation? Unless this question is squarely addressed there can be no constructive solution.

Take the deteriorating internal security environment. Even as the Central and Assam Governments plan to play footsie with the Bodo ultras and the Naxalites, a blood-curling "Red Brigade" terrorist corridor now runs through the entire length of the country, from Nepal to Sri Lanka, encompassing ULFA, Pakistan's ISI and the LTTE. Already, Nepal's Maoists have shifted base to Assam and other north-eastern States. And spilled into the border districts of Bihar and UP.

What is more, the Maoists of Nepal and the CPI(Maoist) group have started networking to create a "compact revolutionary zone" from Nepal running through Bihar, UP, Uttaranchal, Jharkhand, MP, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Orrisa and Andhra Pradesh. That the Naxalites are blatantly running parallel revenue-raising means is open knowledge. At the last count, they had spread their net across 13 States. "Special Gorilla Zones" are now earmarked all over the country.

Forget Kashmir or the North-East. Those seem minor problems compared to the Naxalite threat. Primarily because there the contours of insurgency are defined, the rebels identified and the geographical area limited. Whereas the Naxal problem is spreading rapidly across various states with hardly any effort to curb its growth. In fact, it poses the gravest threat to India's security since Independence. Asserted a senior intelligence officer: "We are in serious danger because of the rise of the Naxal movement in the last four five years... it has really developed into a danger point and if we fail to take note of the danger I am afraid the consequences would be fatal."

Typically, New Delhi continues to betray a grave lack of comprehension, vision and long term planning. It is happy fire fighting without any overall plan to deal with the threat. Myopic in its introspection, the Centre seldom, if ever, looks ahead and acts. Surprisingly, all it has done till date is to set up Standing Committee on Naxalism comprising eight Chief Ministers. The Committee, on its part, announced a dual track approach --- setting up of two or three joint task forces (JFTs) and giving impetus to developmental works.

But this was easier said than done. The Committee got bogged down with constitution and multiplicity of the JFTs. While the Centre had proposed two JFTs comprising five States, some States want three or four. The ball now is back in the Centre's court. Another controversy is over the command of the forces. While some States want the command to be rotated among the member States, others feel that this measure would marginalise their control over the task force.

The result? Each State would now constitute special groups and effective administrative structures at the district level. It would prepare its own action plan in a time bound manner. If the recent Andhra fiasco of adopting the 'healing touch' policy with the Naxalites is any indicator, this half- baked measures too is doomed. Recall the Congress Government was gung-ho of getting the ultras to give up the gun and chant peace. Only to be outsmarted by them. They used the peace interlude to rearm, regroup and strike with a vengeance. Jehanabad has brutally exposed the fallacy of both New Delhi and Patna's failure in taking punitive measures.

That apart, the Red brigade has capitalized on internal schisms that divide India's highly inequitable social order through catchy slogans and beguiling rhetoric. Interestingly, the Union Home Ministry conceded a few years ago that this was one of the root causes of this menace. It also prophesized in a report that inequalities of economics would breed internal unrest and upset peace. Yet it let this socio-economic cancer fester in its backyard. As the Bihar elections show, votes brazenly continue to be solicited by playing the caste card to the hilt. With the result that today it has assumed gigantic proportions that threaten to devour the country in its tentacles.

Clearly, the Centre needs to hammer out a well-thought-out strategy to cry a halt to Naxalism. Is the Government capable of defusing this powder keg? Is New Delhi willing to acknowledge that the situation is it's biggest-ever security challenge? Bigger than Kashmir or even the North-East. Merely mouthing assurances of being pro-active will no longer do. It has to think beyond the headlines and do some honest soul searching.

The Government would have to fight this threat simultaneously on many fronts. One way for it is to expose the lacunae in the Naxal's ideological framework and simultaneously launch a political offensive with a humanistic vision. Two, tackle the distortions in the social system on a war footing, take measures to alleviate poverty, ensure speedy development and enforce law and order strictly. Three, take up land reforms with a fresh revolutionary zeal.

Studies show that the poorest of our people are concentrated in the Naxalite belt from Bihar's borders with Nepal to Rayalseema in Andhra. Unless their grievances are addressed speedily and meaningfully, their resentment and anger would continue to fuel the Naxalites and push India towards Peoples' War. As the Dalai Lama has rightly pointed: "Peace can only last where human rights are respected, where the people are fed, and where individuals and nations are free." Already, the region is earmarked as the "Compact Revolutionary Zone." There is little scope for enforcing law and order unless the State police are modernized and the Central forces provided latest equipment.

The Centre needs to have an integrated all-India approach. We cannot have a dual policy in regard to ultras. Talk peace in Kashmir and Assam and have conflict in Bihar. It may even have to launch a series of major offensives to drive home the message to the Naxalites. In this age of proxy wars, it is time for politicians of all hues to stem the snow-balling rot.

Clearly, the Naxalites cannot be allowed to be a law unto themselves and challenge the legitimacy of an elected Government. In a democracy, there is no place for guns or bombs. But at the same time, the basic needs of the people cannot be ignored. Poor and insensitive governance is certain to lead to anarchy. New Delhi alone has to carry the cross. No country with any sense of self-respect allows insurgents and their protectors to play ducks and drakes with national unity and security.

-INFA

Anti-naxal drive to be more focussed

Special Correspondent

State police asked to change strategy with the help of intelligence reports





HYDERABAD: The State police have been asked to change their present pace of anti-naxal operations to a more "focussed operation" with the help of intelligence inputs from across the State and the country on the naxal activity.

Sources said this could mean adoption of a policy of hot pursuit based on the leads secured by the police from various sources. It is stated that the police are now in a better position to pinpoint the movement of naxal dalams (armed groups) due to an improved information network.

Towards this end, the Government has decided to buy a helicopter for anti-naxal operations soon instead of waiting for the same to arrive from the Centre. Though the Centre has agreed to lend the Government two helicopters, owning one is seen as a better option. This would help us avoid unwarranted delay in launching the offensive against the Maoists.

The naxals, the sources said, had changed their tactics after the formation of CPI (Maoist). They had intensified the guerrilla activity and were involving large groups of civilians, mostly sympathisers, to project their strength on a higher scale. Police could no longer go by what they did in the State alone in the past as geographical boundaries were getting blurred in their offensive.

Vempenta attack


It is not the recent Jehanabad incident in Bihar that has opened the eyes of the Government to the new possibilities but the Vempenta attack in Kurnool district early this year. Information extracted from the surrendered and notes of slain Maoists has woken up the administration to the development.

A senior official said naxalites seemed to be working to establish control over dominions now and not just launch attacks to seize arms and ammunition. The Government's strategy is not to focus on ad hoc measures but to simultaneously take long-term steps like providing employment and initiating welfare measures "to achieve the aim of winning not just one battle but the war itself".

The lifting of the ban on Virasam (Revolutionary Writers Association) is seen as a tactical move by the Government which does not want to isolate any section other than the Maoists in this phase of the operation.

‘Development hit by Naxal menace’

Thursday November 24 2005 09:48 IST
BHUBANESWAR: BJD MLA Sanatan Bisi on Wednesday expressed concern over the lack of development in Rairakhol constituency due to the increasing activities of the Left wing ultras.

Raising the issue through a special mention, Bisi said that the number of police deployed in the constituency is inadequate to counter the Naxalite menace.

Demanding inclusion of Sambalpur district under the Rashtriya Sama Vikas Yojana (RSVY), Bisi said that the district administration should also be strengthened.

Wednesday, November 23, 2005

NDA has more myths to explode in Bihar : Nitish Kumar

New Delhi: Mr Nitish Kumar, NDA's Chief Ministerial candidate for Bihar, today said it was time for the JD(U)-BJP combine to provide good administration after having exploded several myths in the state Assembly elections.

Addressing the BJP Parliamentary Party meeting presided over by former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Mr Kumar said although he did not possess a 'magic wand' to rid Bihar of all its ills in one stroke, it was important that the new administration began working in earnest from the day one to live up to the high expectations the people who had given the NDA a decisive mandate.

He said the Assembly results had proved that the Election Commission could hold fair and objective elections and the JD(U) and the BJP had shown that they could defeat the RJD in its ''impregnable fortress''. Earlier, the NDA was able to do that in the Parliamentary polls but not in the Assembly, he said.

Recalling the JD(U)-BJP association, Mr Kumar said the mandate received from the people was a 'positive vote' for the NDA to do better work. The law and order situation was bad in the state and the basic infrastructure was almost non-existent. Moreover, the people had high hopes from the new administration.

''It is a daunting task, but if there is a will there is a way and the two parties together can provide a good administration and break another myth that Bihar is ungovernable,'' he said.

Mr Kumar, who will be leading the two party coalition in the politically volatile state, stressed that internal differences between the two parties must remain within the four walls.

''If we do a good job, it will be a bonus for the NDA at the national level and help it spread its sphere of influence'', he said.

He gave the credit for the Bihar victory to the people, the coalition and to the blessings of 'guardian figures' like Atal Bihar Vajpayee, L K Advani and George Fernandes.

However, commending the spectaculor victory, Mr Advani said if any individual could be be given credit for the achievement, it was Mr Nitish Kumar. "You have opened up a fortress for good governance and development and the BJP and NDA wish you the best in your endeavour,'' he said.

He also recalled that the seeds for the NDA were sown ten years ago in Mumbai when Mr Kumar attended the BJP National Covention as a representative of the then Samata Party while party chief Fernandes watched the session from his hospital bed.

''Since then, we have fought several elections together and today is a big day when a the two parties have captured the administration of the state through the popular mandate.'' On the national issues, the BJP Parliamentary Party Spokesman Vijay Kumar Malhotra said the NDA would forcefully discuss the influence of foreign money on nation's decision-making process following the expose of Mitrokhin Archives and Paul Volcker report on UN Oil-for-Food Programme in Iraq, in the winter session of Parliament.

''The weakening internal security scenario is a matter of great concern in view of the Delhi serial blasts, Jehanabad jail break and increasing incidents of naxal violence in several states. The NDA leaders will decide on the modes of discussion on these issues,'' he said.

Maoist war against State

By Shyam Khosla

Operation “Jail Break” is a grim reminder of the grave challenge left wing terrorism poses to country’s democratic institutions and territorial integrity. The attack on the district headquarters of Jehanabad was meticulously planned and executed with military precision. Several hundreds of fully armed and motivated Naxals - about 1,000 according to some reports - moved in waves, encircled the town, snapped power and phone lines, blew up a culvert to disrupt rail traffic and captured the jail to free Maoist cadres and one of its top regional leaders. They also abducted and killed at will leaders of its rival private army - Ranvir Sena. While the ultras carried on their operation for two hours during which they killed several people and freed/abducted several hundred others, the state machinery utterly failed to perform its primary duty of protecting the civil society. The authorities claimed “success” in preventing the Maoists from looting arms and ammunition from the police armory even though the attacks on the police lines and the police station were most probably diversionary tactics that kept the police engaged in self-defence even as the Naxals wreaked havoc in the jail.

Ranvir Sena’s outrage and its response that Maoist will have to pay a heavy price for their misadventure are understandable. But it will not solve the problem. On the other hand, killing innocent members of the deprived sections of the society in the name of retaliatory action against ultras will only further complicate the situation. Caste war is no way to meet the challenge thrown by the ultars. The administration, the media and the political class will do well not to dismiss the Maoist attack on a town barely 50 kms from the state capital as yet another example of collapse of law and order machinery in Bihar. The Naxal menace is a much deeper and widespread phenomenon that has to be tackled at several levels and in a resolute manner with the help and willing cooperation from the civil society, the political class and the security forces. Ultras operating under the banner of CPI (Maoists) are now active in 14 states of the Union. What is disturbing is that their dream of creating a Red Corridor from Nepal to Nellor and beyond is materializing at a rapid speed. The situation is grim and calls for a sustained battle against those who are waging a war against the State and the nation. All those who have a stake in national unity, peace and democratic institutions must come together to fight the menace irrespective of their political and other differences. The Government of the day must show political will to fight the menace to the bitter end. It would do well to remember how left wing terrorism was crushed in West Bengal and how Punjab terrorism was handled.

Unfortunately, UPA Government’s callous and confused approach toward left wing extremism has caused huge damage to the security scenario in different parts of the country. It abandoned an integrated and pro-active approach of the NDA Government towards Left wing extremism in its inexplicable obsession to undo everything the previous regime had done. It has no roadmap to handle terrorism that now engulfs large parts of the country and has virtually destroyed the mechanism put in place by the previous regime to tackle Maoist operating under different nomenclatures. Whatever its other failures, TDP Government too had adopted a no nonsense approach towards the underground and launched a frontal attack on its terrorist network. People’s War Group (PWG) cadres were under great pressure and a large number of them surrendered or cut down their activities. YSR Government’s first major decision after coming to power was to lift the ban on PWG and to make a unilateral offer for talks without asking them to lay down arms. Congress-led Government’s soft approach towards them was a great morale booster for the PWG. Its cadres armed to the teeth with sophisticated weapons roamed about in towns and cities of Andhra spreading terror and recruiting cadres. The security forces that had gained an upper hand at a heavy cost of lives of its trained personnel were aghast and raised serious questions about the State Government’s decision. But no one in Hyderabad and New Delhi paid any heed to their misgivings.

Last year, the DGPs of Naxal affected states had expressed grave concern over the lifting of the ban on PWG by the Andhra Government without consulting neighbouring states. By the time the state government realized its blunder in lifting of the ban on PWG without asking it to abandon arms, it was too late. Left wing extremists exploited the space provided to them by the state government to regroup themselves and forged an alliance under the banner of CPI (Maoists). The Union Home Ministry has credible information that the Maoists have procured sophisticated weapons through various agencies with the active support of the ISI. Intelligence agencies’ assessment is that Naxals have now more than 18,000 fully armed and trained cadres operating in 14 states of the Union.

More than 100 districts in the country are affected by Maoist violence. These are among the most backward areas of the country where poorest of the poor live. Civil administration appears to have withdrawn from seriously affected areas leaving the people to fend for themselves. There is an urgent need to improve the lot of the people in Tribal and other backward areas. Fruits of development much reach these areas in concrete terms. An effective mechanism will have to be evolved to ensure that mistakes committed in J&K are not repeated. It is no secret that large chunks of massive funds pumped into the valley in the name of development found their way to the terrorists or were pocketed by corrupt politicians and civil servants. While solving the economic problems of the poor and the deprived section of the society is an important aspect, fighting Naxals with kid gloves will only encourage them to continue their war against the State. They have linkage with other terrorist outfits like ULFA and have a strong base in Nepal. Diplomatic finesse will have to play its role to involve the Nepal Government in the fight against Maoists. Most importantly, the Government will have to wage a sustained battle against left wing terrorists to send across the message that the Indian State has the will and the resources to defeat them. Will the Government wake up to the gravity of the situation and let the terrorists know that it means business?

Slain Maoists identified

Wednesday November 23 2005 10:18 IST

GUNTUR: The Maoists who were killed in an encounter at Gadevaripalle village of Karampudi village last night were identified as Naxal action team commander Raghu (22) and member Vasu (22).

The encounter occurred when the police were proceeding to Gadepalli village on the information that Janasakthi sympathiser Yesobu was killed by Naxals. When the naxals opened fire, the police retaliated resulting in the death of two Naxals.

Tuesday, November 22, 2005

Teeth in rebel combat

RANJAN DASGUPTA

Jamshedpur, Nov. 22: The Centre has agreed to provide the state additional para- military forces to combat Naxalites.

It has also granted permission to the state government to raise another Indian Reserve battalion in order to tackle the CPI (Maoist) extremist outfit.

Jharkhand home minister Sudesh Mahto, who held a meeting with his central counterpart Shivraj Patil in Delhi today, said: “At present, we have 30 battalions deployed across the state. We requested the Centre for more help and it has agreed to provide 10 more battalions of central para-military forces in order to tackle the outfit more effectively. We expect the new forces to reach the state shortly.”

Following a spurt in Naxalite activity in the state, Patil had organised a meeting with the state government to take stock of the situation. The Centre also wants Jharkhand to keep a tight leash on the extremists so that incidents like the attack on the home guard training centre in Giridih or the storming of the jail in Jehanabad jail are not repeated.

Before the meeting between the ministers, senior officials of the Union home ministry and the state government, among them chief secretary P.P. Sharma and home secretary J.B. Tubid, had a separate session on measures to tackle extremism.

Announcing the central permission, Mahto said: “This would be the third Indian Reserve battalion that our state will raise. A few months ago, the Union government had given the nod to raise two such battalions.” Each Indian Reserve battalion — expenses of which are borne by the Centre — comprises around 1,000 jawans inducted by the state.

There are a few districts which are plagued by Naxalite activities but have no para-military force to protect the area. “But once we get additional forces, we can deploy them in these districts,” a senior police official said, refusing to identify the areas.

Mahto said the Centre had suggested steps like monitoring of the 500-km stretch along the Bihar-Jharkhand border.

“I have told Patil that the state will surely help the Centre and has already started keeping a tight vigil on the Jharkhand-Bihar border,” Mahto said.

15 naxals surrender in Gadchiroli

Nagpur | November 23, 2005 3:53:51 AM IST



Fifteen naxals from Bejurpalli and Kistapur villages in Sironcha taluka of Gadchiroli district surrendered yesterday,police said today.

Police said the surrendered ultras disclosed that they were forced into naxalite activities due to threats of dire consequences.

The 15 naxals told the police that they had decided to surrender on their own. Three rifles and other weapons were seized from them.

The Government would provide them security, financial assistance and jobs under the Surrender Scheme.

Joint superintendent of police C H Staline and divisional police officer Dr Shrikant Paropkari were among others who were present when the ultras surrendered.

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Four jawans injured in NAXALITE landmine explosion

Jagdalpur Chhattaisgarh | November 23, 2005 3:51:20 AM IST



Four jawans were injured, one of them seriously, when a landmine exploded while being detonated in the South Bastar's Dantewada district, police said today.

A police team was returning after raiding a naxalite hideout in Bijapur Police district's Pedakorma area when it spotted a landmine.

The seriously injured jawan was admitted to hospital in Bijapur.

Earlier, police had raided a naxalite den. Firing ensued from both the sides but the ultras fled later. Explosives, solar energy belt, 10 naxalite CDs, literature and radio were seized.

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AP Govt constitutes special group to review naxal situation

Hyderabad | November 23, 2005 3:52:56 AM IST



Andhra Pradesh government today constituted a special group headed by Chief Secretary T K Diwan to review the naxalite situation in the state and take appropriate counter measures.

According to an official release here, Chief Secretary to Revenue Department, Principal Secretaries to Rural Development, Planning and Forest departments, Director General of Police Swaranjeet Sen, Additional DGP Intelligence, DIG (SIB) Hyderabad and Director to Information and Public Relations Department would be the members of the special group.

Principal Secretary to Government, Home Department would be the member convenor of the group, the release added.

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Woman naxal killed in Adilabad

Adilabad | November 23, 2005 3:52:53 AM IST



In an exchange of fire between police and CPI(Maoist) naxals for the third time recently in the district, a woman naxal was killed, while two others escaped.

A special police party on duty in the Peddamalini Jogapur forest area, which is on the Andhra-Maharashtra border, came across a naxal party of CPI(Maoist). The naxals hurled a hand grenade at police and opened fire. The police opened fire in defence, police said.

The hand grenade failed to explode. In the melee, a woman naxal was killed and two other naxals managed to flee, according to police.

Police said one of the naxals who fled was injured. While police suspect the naxals who escaped might be from the Chennur-Siripur dalam, they were yet to identify the woman naxal who was killed.

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Kerala Maoists to hold state meet

Kozhikode | November 22, 2005 3:44:12 PM IST



'Porattam,' a Kerala-based Maoist outfit, today said the organisation would hold its first state conference at Mananthawadi in tribal district of Wayanad on November 25 and 26.

Nepal Janadhikara Samithi president Laxman Pant would inaugurate the delegate meet on November 25, Secretary C P Rasheed and founder Secretary M N Ravunni told newspersons here today.

They said Karnataka based Revolutionary Janadipathya Munnani leader Siva Sunder would inaugurate a symposium on ''Politics of Development,'' organised as part of the meet.

Many other eminent social and political activists were expected to participate in the two-day event, they said.

Stating that arms struggle was not on its agenda, Mr Ravunni, however, justified the Jehanabad massacre by Maoist outfits in view of the ''compelling situation'' prevailing there.

BJP may seek PM, HM resignation over SC verdict on Bihar

NEW DELHI, NOV 22 (PTI)

Buoyed by NDA's success in the Bihar Assembly polls, BJP is likely to demand in the winter session of Parliament beginning tomorrow the resignation of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Home Minister Shivraj Patil in the wake of the Supreme Court order on the disssolution of the last state Assembly.

"We may even demand the resignation of the Prime Minister and the Home Minister depending on the detailed judgement of the Supreme Court which has already termed as unconstitutional the dissolution of the last Assembly," BJP Parliamentary Party spokesman V K Malhotra told reporters here.

He said while issues to be raised in both Houses would be discussed at a meeting of the BJP Parliamentary party tomorrow morning, NDA leaders would chalk out their strategy thereafter.

The Mitrokhin Archives, the Volcker Report and internal security issues including the "growing" naxalite and terrorist violence and recent bomb blasts in Delhi and Srinagar are among the issues on which the Opposition alliance is planning to corner the UPA Government, he said.

NDA, however, would not boycott the session though much would depend on UPA's attitude, the BJP leader said.

These issues figured at a meeting of BJP's Parliamentary leaders at former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee's residence here this evening.

The meeting also decided to felicitate Nitish Kumar at the BJP Parliamentary Party meeting tomorrow. Kumar had earlier in the day called on party President L K Advani over lunch and later met Vajpayee and is understood to have discussed government formation.

Joshi calls for political consensus to tackle naxalism

Gorakhpur: Former union minister and senior BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi today called for a political consensus to effectively deal with the growing problem of naxal extremism in the country.

Interacting with newsperosns here, Dr Joshi said that the recent naxal attack on the Jehanabad Jail in Bihar revealed that naxalism was gradually gaining unmanageable proportions. ''The need of the hour is to devise a policy to uproot naxal extremism from the country with political consensus,'' he added.

On the Volcker report findings suggesting kickbacks to Congress Party and former external affairs minister Natwar Singh under the Oil-for-Food programme of Iraq, Dr Joshi said that the NDA will raise the matter proactively during the winter session of parliament starting from tomorrow.

Monday, November 21, 2005

Brinda Karat ( queenbee karat) sympathises with NAXALITES



Do you need any more proof that Karat Couple ( Prakash Parat , Brinda Karat) are infact NAXALITE TERROR supporters , take a look at the below statement of Brinda Karat ( a Communist ) and judge yourself .



CPI-M stand

Demanding an immediate halt to alleged police atrocities on innocent people in th epretext of offensives against Naxalites, the CPI-M has said that administrative and political steps were required to check the Maoist menace.

“The actual culprits are free while the police are after the innocent poor. Some of our partymen have informed us about such incidents in certain blocks of Jharkhand,” CPI-M politburo members Mr Biman Bose, Mrs Brinda Karat and Mr SR Pillai said at a joint press meet in Ranchi.

“Police atrocities should be stopped immediately,” they said. Asked whether the NSG’s deployment by the Left-backed UPA government in the aftermath of the Jehanabad episode would not lead to atrocities on the innocent poor, Mrs Karat replied that the situation was different in Bihar where administrative steps were needed following the prevalance of strong caste differences in the state.
Jharkhand Police has already stepped up its anti-Naxalite drive after the 11 November attack on the state’s home guard training centre in Giridih and the subsequent Jehanabad incident.

Wanted naxal held in UP

Lucknow | November 22, 2005 1:40:24 AM IST



A wanted naxal extremist was nabbed today from the Sonebhadra district of Uttar Pradesh by a Special Operation Group (SOG) team of state police.

Principal Secretary (Home) Alok Sinha said here that Lal Bihari Kanu, a hardcore naxalite from Rohtas district of Bihar, carrying a reward of Rs 2,500 on his head, was nabbed from the Kotwali area of Sonebhadra district. The SOG team also seized arms and ammunitions from the possession of the arrested.

The arrested naxalite is wanted in connection with 19 cases of murder, loot and abduction, Mr Sinha added.

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Three Naxals killed; arms dump unearthed in AP

Hyderabad | November 22, 2005 1:40:29 AM IST



Three Naxals were killed while the police unearthed an arms dump and foiled a bid to blow up a police station in the state today.

In Adilabad district, CPI(Maoist) Sirpur-Chennur Dalam District Committee Member Giri Ravinder and CPI(Maoist) Iri Dalam member Manish were killed near the Minear forest area of Chilapally in Siripur-T mandal.

A woman naxal, suspected to be a CPI(Maoist) member, was killed in a gunbattle with the police near Komatlaguda village of Kothaguda mandal in this district.

In Visakhapatnam, the district police foiled a bid by Maoists to blow up the Koyyuru Police Station, about 100 km from here. However, the insurgents escaped into the nearby forests.

Visakhapatnam Range DIG N Madan Mohan said about 30 to 40 Naxals tried to blow up the police station by detonating three landmines planted behind the building. But no damage was caused.

No one was injured in the firing. Combing operations have been launched in the area, he added.

In Prakasham district, the police unearthed an arms dump near the Nallamalla forests, the site of a gunbattle with the Naxals on November 17 and 18.

Prakasham disrtrict S P Balasubramanyam said a .303 rifle, eight rifles, 35 grenades, a pair of binoculars, video camera, three camera flashes, 22 audio cassettes, 19 VCDs and documents were seized from the spot.

He said the documents revealed that the Maoists had planned an offensive, camping in Prakasham and its neighbouring districts during August and September. They planned to establish a ''Nallamala Corridor'' in Prakasham and Anantapur districts to strengthen the Maoist party, he added.

The SP said the government would provide rehabilitation to K Rambabau, the accused in the attack on former Prakasham district SP Mahesh Chandra Ladda, if he surrendered.

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Police chase Maoists, kill two

Staff Reporter

Third exchange of fire; two others killed in Anantapur and Warangal

ADILABAD: Continuing their hot chase deep into the Jogapur forest area, a special police party killed two more Communist Party of India (Maoist) activists in an encounter on Monday morning under Kagaznagar police station limits.

This has been the third exchange of fire the police had with an apparently fleeing group of naxalites since Saturday evening, taking the toll to three extremists. One AK 47, one SLR and a pistol were recovered from the site of exchange of fire.

The two killed were Giri Ravinder alias Janardhan alias Suryam (25), a DCM of the Sirpur-Chennur dalam, and Manesh (32), a member of the Ahiri dalam operating in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra. Aggila Istari alias Salim, a Maoist action team commander, team leader of the special protection unit of Pulluri Prasada Rao alias Chandranna, a member of the North Telangana Special Zone Committee (NTSZC), was killed on Sunday morning. The site of Monday's encounter is 3 km from where Salim was killed in the earlier exchange of fire.

An estimated 30 naxalites belonging to Sirpur-Chennur and Mangi dalams of Adilabad district and other dalams of Chattisgarh and Maharashtra had gathered in these forests apparently for the purpose of conducting a meeting. The presence of extremists from Maharashtra and Chattisgarh was evident from the notes and other documents recovered from the site of Sunday's exchange of fire. It is also being believed in police circles that Chandranna and Adilabad district committee secretary of the Maoists Mylarapu Adellu alias Bhaskar alias Narsanna were among those who escaped.

Ravinder was a resident of Keshanpalli village of Manthani-Mutharam mandal of Karimnagar district.

Exchange of fire

Anantapur Staff Reporter writes: Maoists shot dead their former colleague near Gantimarri village in Ramagiri mandal of the district on Monday after alleging him to be a covert. The police said Venkatesh (23) was a member of Ramagiri dalam for a few months and had come out of the party earlier this year. He was allegedly taken away by Maoists led by commander of Ramagiri dalam Mallikarjuna from Gantimarri village two days ago.

According to a report from Warangal, one naxalite was killed in an exchange of fire with the police late on Monday evening, near Kothaguda forest area. A group of naxals were camping in the Komatlagudem area where the police were undertaking combing operations. On spotting each other there was an exchange of fire. One woman naxal was killed and four to five others managed to escape.

Maoist involved in jail break identified

Jehanabad, Bihar: Suspected Maoist Awadheh Singh, who was arrested from Aurangabad on Sunday night has been identified as a resident of Dhanauti village under Korouna police outpost in Jehanabad district.
According to official sources, Awadhesh was believed to be the right Handman of the central committee member of the CPI (Maoist) Arvind Kumar alias Deo Kumar. Incidentally Dhanauti was barely one km away from Shukulchak, the native village of the top-ranking Maoist Arvind Kumar.

Talking to mediapersons here today, Jehanabad SP Bachu Singh Meena said Awadhesh was involved in at least half a dozen extremist cases, including kidnapping, blast and murder. The arrested Maoist was said to have confessed his involvement in the operation jail break carried out by the Maoists on the night of November 13.

Meanwhile, five prisoners, who escaped from Jehanabad district jail, had so far been arrested from different police stations in the district. A massive manhunt was on to nab the other prisoners.

Jehanabad SP BS Meena said all the police stations were alerted and officers in-charge of different stations asked to track down all the escapees and take stringent action against all of them under the law.

The officer incharge was specifically told to ensure speedy arrest of all the fugities failing which they will be sternly dealt with, Mr Meena added.

Naxalite groups now in cobweb of caste politics

Monday November 21 2005 09:54 IST

UNI

JEHANABAD: Naxalite groups in the Magadh region, split on ideology, have long been enmeshed in the cobweb of caste politics.

The naxalites' caste polarisation first became evident when 42 Rajputs were massacred at Oalelchak-Baghoura in Aurangabad district in May 1987. The killings of Rajputs by the then Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) was carried out because the Yadavs on behalf of whom it had taken up the cudgels, had a score to settle with.

This was perhaps the first time a Naxalite organisation made it known in clear terms that it was prepared to kill on caste lines.

Since 1972, all the major carnages in Bihar have been on caste lines. In 1972, nine Santhal sharecroppers were killed by Rajputs in Rapespur Chaudwa in Purnea district. In 1977, nine Harijans were killed by Kurmis at Belchi in Nalanda district.

Parasbigha in Jehanabad district witnessed a gruesome massacre in which 11 shepherds were roasted alive by armed goons of a Bhumihar landlord in 1980.

Nine binds were killed by Yadavs at Tanfir Diara in Munger district in 1984. Seven Yadavs were killed by Rajputs at Chechari in Aurangabad in 1987. The same year, in a fit of retaliatory raze, the MCC men killed 42 Rajputs at Dalelchak-Baghoura.

In 1988, nearly 30 dalits, believed to be supporters of the CPI-ML (liberation) were mowed down by a Yadav criminal gang at Nonhi-Nagwan and Damuha-Khagri villages in Jehanabad district in quick succession.

Police foil Naxal bid to blow up station

Syed Amin Jafri in Hyderabad | November 21, 2005 15:14 IST



Police in the early hours of Monday foiled a Naxalite attempt to storm a police station in Visakhapatnam in Andhra Pradesh, sources said.

Police officials said a group of 50 Maoists descended on the Koyyur police station and tried to explode two claymore mines.


However, cops at the station opened fire, forcing the attackers to flee.
Complete Coverage: The Naxal Threat

In another incident, two Naxal functionaries were killed in an encounter at Adilabad.

According to police, two Maoist district committee secretaries-- Agila Istari alias Salim and Bhaskar alias Suryam alias Narsanna-- were killed in the encounter.

Following a tip off that members of four Naxalite squads were meeting, a search party from Kagaznagar combed the Manigarh-Jogapur forest area on the Andhra-Maharashtra border on Saturday and Sunday.

Soon after the police surrounded the hillocks in the area, Maoists opened fire. While Istari and Bhaskar were killed in the ensuing gun-battle, seven others managed to escape.
Jehanabad: One night of terror

The police later said North Telangana Special Zonal Committee member Pulluri Prasada Rao alias Chandranna was among those who escaped.

Istari, involved in several criminal cases including the killing of Telugu Desam legislator Palvai Purushottam Rao and two policemen in 1999, carried a reward of Rs 3 lakh on his head.

The search party recovered a AK-47, a .303 rifle, a pistol, two magazines, 12 kitbags, a medical aid kitbag and a large number of claymore mines from the site.

Centre rushes additional forces to Jehanabad

New Delhi | November 22, 2005 1:39:50 AM IST



The centre is constantly monitoring and reviewing the situation arising out of the naxal attack at the Jehanabad district jail on November 13 and has sent additional forces to supplement the special operations launched by the Bihar Government to apprehend the naxalites and re-arrest the escaped prisoners.

According to latest reports, 203 escaped prisoners had since returned and eight naxalites have been arrested so far in the post event operations, an official spokesman said today.

The State Government has informed that armoured forces had been deployed in neighbouring districts to strengthen the existing security and police stations had been alerted to take all necessary steps so as to prevent any backlash following the Jehanabad incident.

Special Secretary (Internal Security) of the Home Ministry, A. K. Mitra has been camping at Patna to assist the state government since the November 17.

''The situation is under control,'' an official spokesman said.

Meanwhile, the four-phased polling in the State Assembly Elections in Bihar has concluded peacefully.

The Central Government had deployed 606 companies of Central Para Military Forces and State Armed Forces from other States for this purpose.

The Government of Jharkhand has also intensified operations to nab the naxalites involved in the attack at the Home Guard Training Centre near Giridih on November 11 and recover the weapons taken away by them.

Three naxalites have been neutralised and two arrested in this regard also. The Home Ministry is monitoring the situation on a regular basis, the spokesman added UNI RB PA HT1855