Friday, May 19, 2006

Rs.1 mn insurance cover for cops in Maoist areas

Posted by venkat on 2006/5/19 10:55:02
Raipur, May 19 (IANS) Police personnel posted in Chhattisgarh's Maoist strongholds will get an insurance cover of Rs.1 million each.

The insurance cover is aimed at boosting the morale of thousands of cops reluctant to join work in Maoist areas like the Bastar region with increasing incidents of violence.

The Chhattisgarh police department and the National Insurance Company Ltd, Mumbai, have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to provide the Rs.1 million cover to each police personnel in Maoist areas, an official press statement said Friday.

Last month, the state government suspended a senior police officer who refused his posting as superintendent of police in Bijapur.

Nine Killed in Second Phase of Panchayat Polls

Patna: May 19, 2006

In a replay of the first phase of the Bihar Panchayat elections last Monday when a dozen or so people were killed in poll-related violence, the second phase of the 10-phased staggered poll on Thursday also witnessed nine deaths in various districts including Gaya, Arwal, and Jamui, reports said.

In Jamui district under Sono police station, three criminals died while manufacturing crude bombs ordered by certain mukhia candidates.

In the Naxal-infested district of Arwal district, three persons, including a Home Guard jawan, were killed in two separate incidents. Two persons died when a criminal opened fire at the voters at Parshurampur, while Home Guard jawan Vijay Singh, a native of Siwan, was gunned down when the Naxals opened fire at a police team in Masadpur area, the police said.

Poll-related deaths were also reported from Chhapra, Darbhanga, Raghopur, and Gaya. Over hundred persons were arrested for various poll-related violence.

In Chhapra, criminals lobbed a bomb at the Superintendent of Police (SP) S. P. Singh. Fortunately, the bomb failed to go off thus preventing a major tragedy from happening.

In Nawada, the police arrested four persons, including the son of a mukhia candidate, for attempting to capture booths.

More than three dozen persons were reported injured.

Voters' turnout was reported to be around 65%

Andhra Police records to be available on website: DGP

Karimnagar, May 19: The state police will `seriously implement' the `Right to Information Act' under which the public would have access to all the information relating to the First Information Reports and case diaries, which would be available on website, according to Director General of Police Swaranjit Sen.

All the police stations in the state would be connected online. It will facilitate the public to know the information regarding the registration of crimes and remand of the accused by the police under the Right to Information Act, Sen, who arrived at Naxal-infested Kalva Srimrampur Mandal, about 40 km from here, told reporters this evening.

Sen was here to distribute keys to 14 houses to tribal families in the Mandal.

Commenting on the increasing Maoist attacks in the state, Sen said "Maoism is outdated at least in our state. In order to face the Maoists, the police department is getting new force of 7000 policemen."

Bureau Report

Thursday, May 18, 2006

21 cases of naxalite attacks this year

New Delhi, May 18: There have been 21 cases of Naxalite attacks on trains, railways stations and other railways property during the current year in which five lives were lost, the Rajya Sabha was informed today.

Property worth Rs 1.85 crore was also damaged in these attacks, Minister of State for Railways R Velu today said in a written reply.

On the steps taken by the government to check such attacks, he said "police" (including railways and village police) being a state subject, prevention of crime, registration of cases their investigation and maintenance of law and order in railways is done by the state police.

However, railways was considering taking some important measures with the help of the state government to improve safety.

East Central Railway, East Coast Railway, South Central Railway, South Eastern Railway, Northeast Frontier Railway, Southeast Central Railway, Eastern Railway, Northern Railway and North East Railway are affected by the activities of Left Wing extremists/terrorists, he said.

To another question, Velu said any outsider, who helps in averting rail accidents is suitably awarded by the zonal railway as per the extant policy.

During the year, 2003-04, 2004-05 and 2005-06, he said 23 persons have been awarded cash amount ranging upto Rs 5,000 for helping to avert 21 accidents.

Bureau Report

Former Naxal tries to grease JC’s palms

Thursday May 18 2006 16:51 IST
VISAKAPATNAM: A former Naxalite on Wednesday tried to bribe joint collector Sandeep Kumar Sultania for allotment of land sanctioned to him. Anti-Corruption Bureau sleuths told this website's newspaper that Tummala Rajeswara Rao, a former Naxalite who surrendered in 1989, was sanctioned 2.05 acre land by the government in Gudilova village in Anandapuram mandal.

This morning, Rajeswara Rao met Sultania at his camp office regarding the allotment of land.

The joint collector told Rajeswara Rao that he was awaiting some clarification regarding the land prices from the revenue divisional officer. On this, Rajeswara Rao offered him Rs 50,000 for immediate allotment of land.

Enraged with this, Sultania informed the ACB about the bribe. The ACB personnel, under the guidance of DSP P Rama Rao, reached the camp office of the joint collector and took Rajeswara Rao into custody. The bribe amount was seized from him and he was sent to remand.

On being contacted, Sultania refused to comment on the incident. Investigation is on.

Wednesday, May 17, 2006

Statewise details of naxalite incidents and resultant deaths

The statewise details of naxalite incidents and resultant deaths (Civilians+ Security forces) during 2006 (upto 30.4.2006) are as under:


States Incidents Persons Killed

Andhra Pradesh 64 14
Bihar 49 27
Chhattisgarh 234 187
Jharkhand 123 27
Madhya Pradesh 5 -
Maharashtra 38 11
Orissa 20 4
Uttar Pradesh 3 2
West Bengal 11 9
Kerala 1 -
Karnataka 2 -

PARLIAMENT Q& A : NAXAL ATTACKS on police stations, jails, trains, railway properties

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
RAJYA SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO 2650
ANSWERED ON 10.05.2006


NAXAL ATTACKS .


2650. SHRI S.S. AHLUWALIA
SHRI SANJAY RAUT


Will the Minister of HOME AFFAIRS be pleased to state:-


(a) the details of the attacks launched by left extremist outfits in various parts of the country during the last one year till April, 2006 against the establishment, namely police stations, jails, trains, railway properties etc;

(b) the reasons for high success rates achieved by these outfits;

(c) the details of the villages in various districts especially in Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkahand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal where these outfits are having upper hand during the last three years; and

(d) the measures if any, being taken for reversal of the situation?


ANSWER


MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

(SHRI SRIPRAKASH JAISWAL)

(a): The number of attacks by naxal outfits during the period from March, 2005 to April 30, 2006 on police stations, jails, trains and railway properties are as under:


Police Stations/ Pickets/ camps 44

Jail 3

Trains/ Railway properties 27

(b): Naxalites have been able to carry out successful attacks mainly due to detailed planning, military type operations and striking at soft targets. The States have been asked to intensify policing and collection and sharing of intelligence to pre-empt such attacks.
(c): There are no specific reports of naxal outfits having upper hand in certain areas of these States. Parts of 69 districts in these seven States continue to be affected by naxal activities in varying degrees.

(d): The affected States have taken various measures such as strengthening of intelligence set-up modernization of State police forces, undertaking effective and sustained intelligence driven police action against naxalites and their infrastructure individually and jointly with the neighboring States, accelerating socio-economic development in the naxal affected areas etc. to deal with the naxal problem.

The central Govt. continues to supplement the efforts and resources of the State Governments to meet the challenge posed by naxalism.

Shortage of IPS officers in India

The gap between the Total Authorized Strength of Indian Police Service and number of officers in-position is a regular feature due to superannuation, voluntary retirement, resignation, dismissal, death, periodic review of cadre strength etc. As on 1.1.2006,the Total Authorized Strength of Indian Police Service was 3851, against which 3209 IPS officers were in position. The vacancies in IPS are filled up through Civil Services Examination conducted every year by UPSC and by appointment of SPS officers to IPS, which is a continuous process.

Some states, particularly Jharkahand, Uttaranchal, Orissa and Chhattisgarh have requested for State to State deputation of IPS officers of SP rank.

The Central Government has increased direct recruitment to IPS from Civil Services Examination, 2002 onwards. IPS officers are also being sent on State to State deputation

Source: Parliament Q & A

NAXALISM in Parliament Q & A: HELP OF ARMY TO COMBAT NAXALISM

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA

MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
RAJYA SABHA
UNSTARRED QUESTION NO 2618
ANSWERED ON 10.05.2006


HELP OF ARMY TO COMBAT NAXALISM .


2618. SHRI JANESHWAR MISHRA


Will the Minister of HOME AFFAIRS be pleased to state:-


(a) whether Government are considering to take help from army in order to tackle the problem caused by naxalites in naxal affected States;

(b) if so, the details thereof;

(c) whether Government are aware that naxalites possess such sophisticated weapons that are not available even with the police force of naxal affected States;

(d) if so, whether Government are taking any action for modernization of police force in this regard; and

(e) if so, the details thereof?


ANSWER


MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

( SHRI SRIPRAKASH JAISWAL )

(a) & (b): There is no proposal under consideration to involve army in tackling the naxalite menace.

(c) to (e): Naxal groups are reported to have modern weapons. The Central Government provides funds to the States including the naxal affected States under the Police Modernization Scheme to modernize their police forces in terms of modern weaponry, latest communication equipment, mobility and other infrastructure. In the last 4 years (2002-03 to 2005-06), Rs. 1513.11 crores have been given under this Scheme to the nine States badly affected by naxalism.

MAJOR DECISIONS OF THE 2ND MEETING OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE CHIEF MINISTERS OF NAXAL AFFECTED STATES

MAJOR DECISIONS OF THE 2ND MEETING OF THE STANDING COMMITTEE OF THE CHIEF MINISTERS OF NAXAL AFFECTED STATES AND 20TH MEETING OF THE COORDINATION CENTRE:

Source: Parliament
(i) The States will prepare/revise and implement comprehensive but realistic action plans at the State and district levels with short-term and long-term approaches and strategies to combat the naxalite menace simultaneously on political, security and development fronts.

(ii) The States will strengthen and improve ground level policing and initiate action to fill up vacancies particularly in the police stations in the naxal affected areas on utmost priority and such police stations will be fortified in a time bound manner by utilizing funds under the Police Modernization (PM) Scheme.

(iii) The State Governments and RPF will take steps to put in place effective coordination on ground between RPF, GRP, local police and intelligence agencies to ensure protection and safety of railway passengers, trains and other railway infrastructure.

(iv) The States will consider and take steps to constitute Joint Task Forces of neighbouring States to enhance the effectiveness of intelligence driven inter-State joint operations against naxalites and their infrastructure.


(v) The States will give higher priority and focused attention on socio-economic development in the naxal affected areas through convergence of existing developmental schemes and fund missing links, if any, in these schemes by utilizing funds under BDI etc.

(vi) The States will take immediate policy and operational measures for speedy and effective implementation of land reforms, putting in place a progressive and forward looking rehabilitation and resettlement policy for displaced tribals, ensuring meaningful implementation of PESA withdrawing/compounding of minor forest offences and allowing debt waiver in the naxal affected areas.

(vii) The States will post young and committed officers in both civil and police administration with a stable tenure in naxal affected districts to effectively address security and development issues in these areas.

(viii) The Central Government will continue to provide all possible help to the States on both security and development fronts to enable them to successfully meet the challenge posed by naxalism.

KARNATAKA : Victims family yet to receive compensation

Wednesday May 17 2006 14:41 IST
CHIKMAGALUR: Even after one year, the State Government is yet to fulfill its assurance to give Rs 4 lakhs as compensation and an government employment for one of the family member of Sheshegowdlu, who was brutally killed by the naxalites last year.

Of the Rs 4 lakhs compensation announced by the government, it has so far released only Rs two lakhs towards compensation and has maintained divine silence towards balance amount and also about the assurance of providing a government job for one of the family member of victim.

Unfortunately in the recent accidental fire incident commodities and other valuable articles worth rupees over a lakhs belong to victim Sheshegowdlu son Ravichandra was gutted completely. Amidst of all this the marriage of Sheshegowdlu daughter Godavari was also fixed some time in June and if the government releases the remaining compensation amount it would help the family completely.

The families dwelling in the naxal affected area in the district started worrying over the government negligence in helping the families hit by the naxalites.

Raman condemns naxal attacks on Chhattisgarh marriage party

Raipur, May 16: Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh today condemned the killing of 12 persons of a marriage party by the naxals by triggering a landmine blast at Gadchiroli in neighbouring Maharashtra.

"It is an inhuman and condemnable act by the naxalites", Singh said in a message to the bereaved family said.

"Because of the naxalites, the happiness of a marriage was converted into a mourning", he said.

In a separate message, Home Minister Ram Vichar Netam also expressed deep sorrow at the killing of the members of the marriage party of Kanker district by Maharashtra naxals.

"It is a shameful act by the naxals to attack members of a marriage party", Netam said.

Meanwhile, Bastar police said besides Gadchiroli police, police team from Chhattisgarh have also rushed to the spot, loated close to the state border.

The marriage party was returning to Pakhanjur in Kanker district of Chhattisgarh from Sunderban in Mulchera area of Etapalli taluka when the naxals attacked them, police said.

Tuesday, May 16, 2006

Revolutionary NAXALITE Punjabi Poet Lives in Penury

Punjabi Poet Lives in Penury
Born to lower caste, Lal Singh Dil made name with his pen
Vishav Bharti (vishav) Email Article Print Article
Published on 2006-05-17 06:36 (KST)

In the late sixties, when he used to recite poems, thousands of people would gather. Lal Singh Dil was a celebrated poet, akin to his contemporary revolutionary poets, Avtar Paash and Sant Ram Udasi (aka the "Punjabi poets"). He revolted against the unjust regime and fought not merely with his pen, but with a gun, as the American writer Ernest Hemingway fought. Lal Singh Dil, once a firebrand in Punjabi poetry, is currently going through tough times in his hometown of Samrala.



Lal Singh Dil.
©2006 V. Bharti
These days, most of his time is spent in a dark 10 x 13 room. One room corner still has marks from the last monsoon leakage and another has a small kitchen. Two walls of his room are colored with some written couplets. Except for a long row of mementos, it is hard to find anything in order. As soon as I reached his place, he came upstairs without looking at me, even without any query, and started making tea.

"Now I am in my late sixties and my health is quite poor, even sometimes I find it hard to breathe, otherwise everything is fine," he began to speak as if he was talking to himself.

When asked about his financial resources, he whispered, "Earlier, I was running a highway tea stall, but three years back that too had to close down. After that, conditions were severe; even sometimes I didn't have money to post letters. Now, a publisher gives me five hundred rupees ($13) every month as royalty for my books. Recently, I got some money for honor, which I deposited in a bank and I'm waiting when it will be finished. You can't read or write with an empty stomach.

Dil was the first in his family to finish school. On every step of his life, he faced humiliations because of his low caste. In the early sixties, as he was studying in his tenth standard, his first poem appeared in the famous Punjabi literary journal Preetlari. In the early seventies, he compiled an anthology of poems titled "Satluj di Hawa", meaning "The Winds of Satluj" (one of the five rivers of Punjab), which is equal to an epoch in the history of Punjabi revolutionary poetry. "With the thunder of spring" (phrase used for an armed peasant uprising of the mid-sixties) he too joined the Naxalite movement and attacked a police station with his fellow comrades. Later on, he was arrested and imprisoned for nine months.

When asked about his treatment in custody, he became silent for a while and spoke with a thick voice, "Compared to my comrades, they tortured me more because I was from a lower caste. It was extreme. But I never bowed in front of jail authorities despite being humiliated, and as a result I got the name 'rebel.'"

Due to the brutal repression of the police, the whole Naxalite movement suffered a setback. Most of Dil's comrades were either killed in encounters or were imprisoned, so nobody was there to welcome him when he was released from jail. Thus, in depression, he left Punjab for Uttar Pradesh. There he adopted Islam and worked as a watchman. In the early eighties, he came back to Punjab because of his deep love for his motherland. Even then he did not get married because he wanted to live "free."

Asked whether it was a mistake to join the Naxalite movement, he answered with little resentment, "No...not at all, it was the struggle for the betterment of society, even today there is need for such struggles, but with valid means."

When asked what inspires him to still write, for the first time in our conversation he looked into my eyes and answered after a long pause. "Social injustice, physical torture and mental agony all motivate me to write," and he began to sing the following lines of his poem "Dance":

Mines found in Vishakapatanam

NDTV Correspondent

Tuesday, May 16, 2006 (Vishakapatanam):


Police in Vishakapatanam have found up to 50 pressure mines in areas where Naxalite rebel movements are reported.

The mines are the first ever to be unearthed by police in Andhra Pradesh - an indication of rebels switching to sophisticated methods of attack.

The mines are similar to those used in the Vietnam war and are made with technology from Israel.

ASP injured in land mine blasts, collector, SP escape unhurt

RAIPUR, MAY 16 (PTI)

An Additional Superintendent of Police was injured in land mine blasts triggered by naxalites in Bastar region today, police said.

Two other officials, District Collector of Bastar Dinesh Srivastav and SP of Narayanpur district Sunderraj P, who were travelling with ASP K L Dhruv, however escaped unhurt.

Srivastav, Sunderraj and ASP Dhruv were returning from Naxal-infested Orchcha block area when the Maoists triggered three landmine blasts near Rainar village, about 35 km from the state capital, Bastar police sources told PTI over phone.

The jeep in which Additional SP was travelling overturned due to the impact of the blasts and Dhruv and his driver sustained injuries, the sources said.

"Although both Dhruv and his driver have received minor injuries, the collector and SP, Narayanpur had a providential escape," the sources said.

After the incident both the police party, escorting the officials, and the Maoists exchanged fire for some time, the sources said.

Naxalites attacked Marriage party , 12 killed

Maharashtra: 12 killed in Naxal blast

May 16, 2006 22:13 IST



Twelve persons of a marriage party, including four women, were killed when Naxalites triggered a landmine blast on Tuesday at Halewara near Kasansur forest in Gadchiroli district of south-eastern Maharashtra, police said.

The members of the marriage party were travelling in a vehicle, which was tossed in the air by the powerful blast, police said adding, it is suspected that the Naxalites felt that police were moving in a non-official vehicle and carried out the blast.

The bride and groom survived the explosion as their vehicle had crossed just before the blast occured, police said.

The marriage party was returning to Pakhanjur in Kanker district in adjoining Chhattisgarh from Sunderban in Mulchera area of Etapalli taluka, police said.

Additional SP Anant Rokade has been rushed to the scene.

Following is the list of victims in landmine blast at Gadchiroli district: Subrath Amulyakumar Roy (43), Amit Khagendranath Roy (28), Sachin Gyanandra Hazari (35), Arun Prafulla Sardar (43), Sukdev Kanahai Mistry (40) Harinand Naresh Sarkar (55), vehicle driver Babber age not mentioned, Mamata Viswanath Badai (45), Sushila Viswanath Badai (12), Chanchala Niranjan Roy (15), Netatai Karmarkar (43), The 12th victim's name was not identified, a release issued by the police department said in Nagpur.

The Naxals had on March 14 triggered a blast blowing the anti-land mine vehicle of the police, but all the police personnel had escaped without any major injury.

The second attack was on April 19 when the ultras triggered a landmine blast, killing a young constable on the spot and injuring four others, including a 57-year-old sub-inspector, who later succumbed to injuries in a city hospital.

Naxal Attack on Wedding Party in Maharashtra, 12 killed

MUMBAI


NDTV

Gadchiroli, May 16 (Tuesday, 6-300 pm): At least 12 members of a wedding party were killed in a Naxal attack in Maharashtra's Gadchiroli district bordering Madhya Pradesh.

The incident took place at around 4.30 am (IST) on Tuesday when a van full of people returning from a wedding hit a landmine.

All 12 occupants of the van were killed.

It is the second such incident within a month. On April 19, a police van was blown up in a landmine blast in the Phulbondi forest area in Gadchiroli that killed one and injured 17.

Naxal-affected states witnessed more terrorist acts then Jammu and Kashmir

New Delhi: Naxal-affected states witnessed more incidents of terrorist violence than Jammu and Kashmir in the first four months of this year, government said here today.

There have been as many as 550 incidents of violence in naxal-affected states as compared to Jammu and Kashmir where 466 terrorist acts have taken place till April 30, 2006, Minister of State for Home Sriprakash Jaiswal said in reply to a written question in Lok Sabha.

As many as 281 persons, both civilians and security force personnel, have died in the naxal-related incidents while in Jammu and kashmir, 141 persons died in terrorist acts, he said.

Among the outfits responsible for these incidents were mainly Pak-based terrorist groups such as LeT, JeM and their associate outfits/ offshoots, Hizbul Mujahideen (HM), Babbar Khalsa International (BKI) and ULFA and CPI (Maoist).

In North-East, there have been 419 incidents of violence in which 116 persons have died, the Minister said adding in respect of Jammu and Kashmir, North-East and naxal-affected states, the Central government reimburses the ex-gratia payment, as per the prescribed norms under the Security Related Expenditure (SRE) schemes.

Naxal-affected states include Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Chhatisgarh and Bihar.

Rajdhani disaster: Notices to Bihar Police chief, CRPF DGP

Patna, May 16: Speeding up the probe into the Rajdhani Express disaster in Bihar`s Aurangabad district in 2002, railway police have served notices on Bihar police chief Ashish Ranjan Sinha and Director General of CRPF Jyoti Sinha seeking to know if they had received "any external pressure" to hide a "sabotage theory" behind the mishap.

DIG (Railway) Ajay Verma issued the notices to Ashish Ranjan Sinha and Jyoti Sinha, who were ADG (Patna Zone) and ADG (Railway), respectively, when the disaster had taken place, highly-placed sources said.

Over 100 passengers were killed in the disaster when the train jumped off the tracks and fell into river near Dhawa bridge near Rafiganj in 2002.

Sinha is now Director General of Police (Bihar), while Jyoti Sinha is DG (CRPF).

Reading out excerpts from the notices, sources said the DIG (Railway) had expressed surprise over "soft-pedalling" of the probe into the accident by the Aurangabad police at that time.

The DIG (Railway) had asked the present DGP to take his own time and reply to the notice also explaining whether he had received any information apprehending the Naxalites` plan to blow up the train when he was ADG (Patna Zone) and whether he had received "any external pressure".

Similarly, Jyoti Sinha had been asked to let the railway police know whether he had got "any external pressure" from any quarter not to carry out probe.

Latest investigation revealed that the Rajdhani disaster was the "handiwork of the Maoist rebels under a conspiracy hatched during the erstwhile RJD regime to defame former railway minister Nitish Kumar, who is now chief minister."

The NDA government has decided to record the statements of Railway Minister Lalu Prasad and former DGP of Bihar R R Prasad, besides former police Superintendent of Aurangabad Sunil Kumar Jha for allegedly influencing the investigation.

After prolonged sparring over the tragedy between the railways and erstwhile RJD government, which ended recently with the railway minister Lalu Prasad asserting that there was no lapse on the part of railways leading to the disaster, the arrest of a naxalite leader Sanjay Yadav from Khwaspur village under Aati Police Station in the Naxal-hit Gaya district on February 6 has created a fresh controversy over the issue.

"Since the DGP is chief of police heading all the police stations in Bihar, his statement that the disaster was caused by negligence of railways would certainly have influenced the investigation earlier," DIG (Magadh Range) Arvind Pandey, who had in his supervision report ordered recording of their statements, had said.

"Moreover, Lalu Prasad, whose party (RJD) was in power at that time, had also alleged poor upkeep of the track and Dhawa bridge near Rafiganj station which led to the derailment."

Bureau Report

Monday, May 15, 2006

Surrender naxal rehabilitation mela

THE HINDU
14/5/2006
Jana renews plea to naxalites
Staff Reporter
" Since we are ready to solve your problems in a democratic manner, you should join the mainstream,"
NALGONDA: Home Minister K. Jana Reddy has renewed his call urging Maoists to shun the path of violence and join the mainstream.
Addressing a meeting at Miryalaguda, where he distributed rewards and assets to 18 surrendered naxalites, on Saturday, he said naxalites could not achieve anything by resorting to arson and violence.

"People are worried about your activities. Since we are ready to solve your problems in a democratic manner, you should join the mainstream," he added.
Superintendent of Police M.M. Bhagwat said that units worth Rs. 11 lakhs were being distributed to rehabilitate 25 former naxalites, who had surrendered since 1998.
A commander, two deputy commanders, four military platoon members and 15 Special Guerrilla Squad members figured in the list of beneficiaries.

He also revealed that 30 members hailing from PA Pally, Valigonda, Narayanapur, Munugode, Peddavura, Dindi, Chandampet, Chowtuppal, Chandur, Devarakonda, Nampally, Tungaturthy, Miryalaguda and Halia had been leading clandestine lives in the district and asked them to give up arms to join their families.
Zilla Parishad chairperson K. Laxmamma, Collector K. Vijayanand, Officer on Special Duty P. Viswa Prasad and DCCB chairperson Vijayender Reddy were present.

Maoists will take Nepal into Dragon’s trap

By Bulbul Roy Mishra

Driven by intense anti-monarchy hatred, the House of Representatives from the Seven Party Alliance (SPA), headed by Premier G.P. Koirala of Nepal Congress, unanimously passed a resolution on April 30, calling for election to a Constituent Assembly. The NC should be cautious about whether a plot is being hatched to finish off the achievements of the 1990 constitution. Why must we jump for a Constituent Assembly? asked he.

The single contributory factor that constrained Shri Koirala to throw his cautions to the wind was the autocratic rule of King Gyanendra after having scrapped the 1990 Constitution. The King, overtly supported by China to destroy the Maoists, unwittingly fell into the Chinese trap and exposed monarchy for the first time to the threat of extinction. Covertly, China continued to lend logistic support to the Maoists, encouraging them to do business in Tibet and buy Chinese arms from the sale proceeds to fight the despotic King with people support.

The issue that Koirala Government is to eventually address in the Constituent Assembly is whether Nepal should become a secular, democratic republic like India, or a parliamentary democracy with constitutional monarchy like Great Britain.

It is no secret that for the last ten years, it was China alone that was backing the Maoists to counteract if not to eliminate Indian influence on Nepal with the ulterior motive to establish its own hegemony there.

Sandwiched between China and India, Nepal royalty, up to the regime of King Birendra (2001), had always felt affinity towards India for reason of common Hindu tradition. Politically also, democratic parties of Nepal looked to democratic India, not communist China, for support to their legitimate democratic aspirations. Considering strategic importance of Nepal, it was important for China to wean away Nepal from India's influence. Chinese analysts considered it nearly impossible as long as Hindu monarchy in Nepal was continuing. Their strategy, therefore, was as follows.

First, start an anti-royal armed movement, known popularly as the Maoist uprising, with an express intent to replace monarchy with a republic under communist banner.

Second, to begin with, raise a slogan for multi-party, secular, democratic republic so that Nepal Hindu tradition is rendered politically irrelevant, conversion permitted, and its natural affinity toward India snapped. The above strategy of the Maoists became evident when Prachanda, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), in an interview to a Maoist journalist of Latin America in 2001 revealed that the reason why the movement started in districts like Rolpa and Rukum in western Nepal was that the influence of Hindu religion was weakest in those regions. His remark that strong Hindu influence was an obstacle to the spread of the revolutionary fervour was significant.

Third, in order to expedite abolition of the monarchy, it was necessary to make it not merely unpopular but hateful. This was not possible as long as King Birendra, known for his balanced composure and respect for democratic institutions, was at the helm. The Chinese task was made easy when on June 1, 2001, the then Crown Prince Dipendra reportedly and rather inexplicably killed King Birendra and his entire family and then killed himself to enable headstrong Gyanendra to ascend the throne. Almost immediately thereafter, the new King walked into the Chinese trap by declaring that his target was to suppress the violent Maoists.

Fourth, win over the royalty by inducements and moral support to sustain autocracy. The inducement came in form of arms supply ostensibly to suppress the Maoists, and moral support came in return for arbitrary closure of 45-year-old establishment of Dalai Lama representative in Nepal as also the Tibetan Refugee Welfare office in January, 2005, at China bidding, on the flimsy ground that those offices were not registered under Article 3 of the Society Act.

Fifth, when the situation turns too hot for the King, quietly withdraw strategic support compelling the King to surrender to the wishes of the people and abdicate.

Sixth, from two conflicting interviews of Prachanda, one prior to royal assassination on June 1, 2001, given to a Latin American journalist, and the other to Siddharth Varadarajan of the Hindu in February, 2006, the change in the Maoist stance is indicative of the shift in the Chinese strategy. In 2001, when King Birendra was still living and unprovoking, Prachanda was breathing fire over inevitable armed revolution, predicting that Ultimately we will have to fight with the Indian army. In 2006, the script changed, despite provocation from King Gyanendra and peoples support behind them. He found India tough stand against autocracy positive and urged India to shed its two pillar theory of constitutional monarchy together with multi-party democracy. Prachanda remarked that China will not stake its cordial relation with India by supporting the autocratic King looked as if he was parroting the Chinese script.

Herein lays the Chinese trap which Indian Marxists like Sitaram Yechury are not able to fathom. His unfounded claim of having reformed Nepal Maoists into believers in parliamentary democracy is absurd and stupid, absurd as only a simpleton would treat Maoists in India and Nepal as ideologically different; and stupid because by unwittingly playing second fiddle to China Indian Marxists may eventually succeed in alienating India from Nepal.

Will Nepal turn into a secular democratic republic, following India, debunking its Hindu tradition at the behest of the Maoists? Or should it change into constitutional monarchy while continuing with its Hindu identity? Surely, Nepal ground situation is not comparable with India and, therefore, Nepal has no justification in emulating India. Nepal future at this critical juncture rests on octogenarian Koirala. Only time will tell whether Shri Koirala will play a Kautilya to extricate Nepal from the Dragon net.

Rajdhani case: Lalu's statement to be recorded

Monday, May 15, 2006 (Patna):


Bihar's Deputy Inspector General of police has ordered recording of statements of Railway Minister and RJD chief Lalu Prasad in Rajdhani case.

Lalu's party was in power during the 2002 Rajdhani Express accident near Rafiganj station in which 120 passengers were killed.

"In my supervision report, I have ordered recording of the statements of Lalu Prasad, the then DGP R R Prasad and former police superintendent of Aurangabad Sunil Kumar Kha," said DIG (Magadh Range) Arvind Pandey.

A fresh FIR has been lodged at Sone Nagar railway police station in Aurangabad district in connection with the accident and DIG(Railways) Ajay Kumar Verma has been asked to probe the case, he said.

Pandey in his supervision report suspected the accident to be the handiwork of Maoist rebels and miscreants, "having strong political backing", he said.

Sabotage angle

Investigations had so far revealed that the Rajdhani disaster on September 9, 2002, was "suspected to have been caused due to sabotage" by erstwhile Maoist Communist Centre (MCC).

It later merged with the People's War before a new outfit CPI (Maoist) came into existence, he said.

Sanjay Yadav, a hardcore MCC man, who was arrested from Khawaspur village in Aurangabad district had in his confessional statement claimed that the accident was a well-hatched conspiracy to defame Nitish Kumar, then Railway Minister in the erstwhile NDA government, Pandey said.

Kumar is now the Bihar chief minister. Sanjay had also confessed about his involvement in the "act of sabotage" over Dhava river near Rafiganj station where the disaster had taken place.

Another MCC naxalite Vikas Yadav had also admitted his involvement in the incident, he said. (PTI)

Bihar Govt orders fresh inquiry into Rajdhani accident

Press Trust of India

Patna, May 15, 2006

In a surprise move, Bihar government has decided to conduct a fresh probe into the 2002 Rajdhani Express mishap near Rafiganj by ordering recording of statements of Railway Minister Lalu Prasad, whose party was in power then, and top state police officials for allegedly trying to "influence the course of investigation."

DIG (Magadh range) Arvind Kumar Pandey said that in his supervision report he had ordered recording of statements of Prasad, the then DGP RR Prasad and former SP of Aurangabad Sunil Kumar Jha for allegedly "trying to influence the course of investigation."

He said the move followed the revelation that the sabotage was done by the Maoist rebels under, "a conspiracy hatched during the erstwhile RJD regime to defame (the then Railway Minister) Nitish Kumar."
After a prolonged sparring over the tragedy between the Railways and the erstwhile RJD government which ended recently with the Railway Minister Lalu Prasad asserting that there was no lapse on the part of Railways leading to the disaster, the arrest of a Naxalite leader Sanjay Yadav from Khwaspur village in Naxal-hit Gaya district on February 6 has led to the conspiracy theory.
A fresh FIR has been lodged at Sone Nagar railway police station under Aurangabad district in connection with the accident on September 9, 2002, in which more than 100 persons were killed, and DIG (Railways) Ajay Kumar Verma has been asked to probe the case, official sources said.

Pandey indicated that the comments by Prasad and other top officials at that time had influenced the investigation earlier.

Panchayat Poll Opens in Bihar

Patna: May 15, 2006

Bihar is only hours away from holding Panchayat elections in 62 blocks in 38 districts with the polls opening at 7:00 AM on Monday amidst very tight security. With 43 companies of Central Para-military Force and district police, Bihar Military Police, and Home Guards manning each booths, the Nitish government is not leaving anything to chance.

Polls are to be conducted in ten phases.

More than 80% of 13, 721 booths have been declared extra-sensitive due to Naxal threats, officials in Patna said. Security forces have been ordered to deal with trouble-makers with iron hand.

For 13,400 mukhia and other positions including zila parishad and panchayat committees, over 55,000 candidates are in the fray.

The Election Commission (EC) earlier, to avoid any controversy, has approved seven other forms of identifications for those who still haven't received their official voting card, state Election Commissioner D. P. Maheshwari said in Patna.

An enquiry will be instituted at those polling booths that report more than 95% turnout, he said.

As reported before, the Nitish government has reserved 50% of the seats for women candidates.

Panchayat polls were earlier scheduled to begin from May 2, but due to lack of adequate security forces, it was postponed till May 15.

Polls for the 2nd through 10th phase would be held on May 18, May 21, May 24, May 27, May 30, June 2, June 5, June 8 and June 11 respectively.

Karkala: Naxal Attack - Police Official Visits Nadapal

News --


The Hindu

Sathyanarayana Rao headed the ANF during his term as IGP (Western Range)
He visited the house of school teacher Bhoja Shetty
Police asked to step up combing operations
Karkala, May 15: Following a direction from the State Government, Additional Commissioner of Police (Administration), Bangalore, H N Sathyanarayana Rao visited Nadapal and other areas on Sunday, May 14.

A group of Naxalites had attacked the house of school teacher Bhoja Shetty at Nadapal in Hebri police station limits on Saturday.

Sathyanarayana Rao had served as Inspector-General of Police (Western Range), covering Udupi, Dakshina Kannada, Uttara Kannada and Chikmagalur districts and is well versed with the Naxalite problem. Rao also headed the Anti-Naxal Force (ANF) set up by the government during his term as Inspector-General of Police of the range.

The post of Inspector-General of Police (Western Range) headquartered here is vacant after K S Suresh Babu, Additional Director-General of Police (Western Range) retired on April 30. Although the government had initially posted Inspector-General of Police (Intelligence) Raghavendra Auradkar to succeed Babu, the appointment was withdrawn later.

Sources in the Police Department said here on Sunday that Sathyanarayana Rao visited the ANF camp and interacted with the personnel there. He visited Shetty's house as well as Hebri and Karkala police stations to get information on the movement and operations of Naxalites in the area. Sathyanarayana Rao instructed the police to step up combing operations.

Although the government has fully empowered Sathyanarayana Rao to deal with any attempts by Naxalites to disturb peace in the region, it is learnt that the official has reposed faith in the ground-level officers to tackle any situation, while being on hand to provide operational instructions.

Sunday, May 14, 2006

Red arms ‘locked up’

HEMENDRA NARAYAN

Ranchi, May 14: More than 425 firearms, including a light machine gun (LMG) and 303 rifles and self-loading rifles (SLR), seized in the anti-Naxalite operations in the past six years have been gathering dust in police armouries.

The state cannot either use or dispose of them because these are the property of different courts. The courts use them as “exhibits” in the cases against Naxalites.

“In Bihar, a committee looks after the process of disposal of such firearms,” a police official said, adding: “however, Jharkhand is yet to constitute one.”

“We cannot use these weapons till the court order for the same. The situation here is unlike in Jammu and Kashmir where many sophisticated weapons seized by the paramilitary forces from the militants are lying “unclaimed” and the legal process there is less cumbersome,” said B.C. Verma, inspector- general (operations).

The Union home ministry had suggested that the sophisticated weapons seized in the anti-terrorist operations in Jammu and Kashmir or the Northeast from militants could be used by the Border Security Force personnel.

When Inderjit Gupta was the Union home minister, he had mooted the idea that the central paramilitary forces could use the weapons seized from the insurgents.

The police had retrieved the LMG after a fierce gunbattle with the Naxalites in Jhumara forests in 2001.

With the state police facing a shortage of weaponry in some sections, the seized arms would have come in handy for the force, police officials said.

Not all the weapons confiscated from the Naxalites belonged to the Jharkhand police. The firearms could belong to other states and even to the railway police, too, before these had been looted by the rebels, police officials said.

The “civilian type” arms like that of 315 bore, that were originally looted by the Naxalties from common people, were of “non-prohibited”

Mamata ‘conspiracy theory’ in stock-taking

OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT

Calcutta, May 14: Mamata Banerjee today said she was “a victim of a deep-rooted conspiracy hatched by the state government, the Centre and a section of the media”.

The Trinamul Congress chief, still smarting under the humiliation of her election drubbing, also called for a movement to expose those who had conspired to “bring about our poll disaster”.

“Don’t get upset by the debacle. People have not rejected us. Instead, we are victims of a deep-rooted conspiracy,” she told party functionaries and workers, who had gathered for a stock-taking exercise.

The effort to put up a brave front in the face of adversity continued. “Let us rebuild the organisation from the grassroots to take on the CPM,” she said. “Politics is not for today, but tomorrow.”

A fact-finding committee would be formed to look into the causes of the party’s defeat, Mamata announced and then went back to playing the old tune. The team will visit places where post-poll clashes are taking place, she said, adding: “If CPM men unleash terror on you, resist them. Don’t retreat like cowards.”

Trinamul functionaries cheered as she spoke.

There were no leaders from her principal ally, the BJP, at the meeting, though some of the members of the front she had floated on the eve of the elections were present. Former Naxalite leader Ashim Chatterjee and expelled CPM leader Sumanta Hira attended the meeting.

“Wiser after the reverses, Mamata wants to distance herself from the BJP. This will help us consolidate the Muslim vote bank in the future,” a Trinamul functionary said.

He added that the BJP would be kept away during the party’s next round of anti-government agitation.

The Trinamul leader faced some flak from partymen before levelling the conspiracy charge. Chatterjee, Hira and even loyalist Saugata Roy criticised her for her inability to “cement the organisation”.

“We’ll have to self-introspect. Our organisational weakness led to defeat in many seats, particularly those in the villages,” said Roy, who lost from Dhakuria in Calcutta.

Chatterjee said it was wrong to gear up the organisation only two months before the polls. “Instead, we should carry on various political programmes round the year to keep party workers on their toes. We may have 29 legislators in the Assembly, but we have got support from 2 crore people, who voted for us,” he added.

Winding up her speech, Mamata lashed out at the Congress for ignoring her call to form an alliance. “We have lost in over 70 seats because of the division of votes. If all Opposition forces stood united, the Left Front would have found it difficult.”

CPI(Maoist) naxalite arrested in Jharkhand

Ranchi, May 13 (UNI) The police have arrested a hardcore CPI (Maoist) naxalite and recvered Rs 90,000 in cash from his possession from Helsalong area under Khelari police station in Jharkhand’s Ranchi district.

Senior superintendent of police R K Mallick told newspersons today that the naxalite, identified as Prakash Orang alias Deepak, was arrested last night and had joined the organisation in 1999. Prior to that he stayed in Asom for about two to three years and had worked in a brick kiln there.

He was also the member of the zonal committee of the outfit and had been involved in all operations carried out in the area by them.

Orang was involved in blowing up of police post in the district recently, the officer added.

2 govt officials injured in naxalite blast

Jagdalpur, May 13 (UNI) Two government officials were injured in a landmine blast triggered by naxalites at Bijapur Gangalur road in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada district, police said today.

PWD sub-engineer L P Patel and PWD time-keeper Pannalal Singh were heading towards construction site for inspection when the incident occurred.

Both were admitted to hospital in Bijapur. Pannalal was stated to be in serious condition.

Police have rushed to the spot.

Centre to launch backward region grants fund scheme : Aiyer

Hyderabad, May 14 (UNI) Union Minister for Panchayatraj Mani Shankar Aiyer today announced the Centre would launch ''backward region grants fund'scheme, with an allocation of Rs 5000 crore, for developing the backward panchayats in the country at the earliest.

Speaking at a plenary session, organised by the Andhra Pradesh Congress Committee (APCC), on the occasion of completion of two year Congress Government here, Mr Aiyer said the proposed scheme would be implemented in backward panchayats and naxal-infested villages.

The Government would take initial steps to identify the backward villages by next week in the country, he added.

Stating that this new scheme would promote development in the villages by involving the people's representatives and people directly, the minister said the money would reach to the panchayats without any intervention of the officials concerned.

The new scheme would pave the way to root out naxal menace in the states facing law and order problem for several years, he added.

NAXALISM : Guns and gumption, and a cause

Sutirtho Patranobis
Dandakaranya (Chhattisgarh), May 14, 2006

Gradually, the crowd swells in the clearance amid the Dandakaranya forest. So does the tempo of the political speech that Sonu, an eight-year-old boy, is belting out on Mao Zedong and his ideology of armed revolution. Then comes the song of rebellion: "Gher lobo, gher lobo, Dilli ko gher lobo. Lal jhanda, lal jhanda, Dilli le jabo (Let us surround Delhi. Let us take the red flag to Delhi)." The audience — 600-odd tribal men, women and children — breaks into applause and joins the chorus.

Barely 180 km from Raipur, the state capital, a Maoist cultural and propaganda meet is on. The agenda: overthrow the "state". About 30 Naxal guerrillas, armed with self-loading guns and .303 rifles, are sprinkled in the gathering. They do not join in but keep a close watch on the proceedings. People have come from about 30 villages — many travelling about 10 km — to attend the meeting.

Not all of them are Naxals or members of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). They are the villagers who form the support base of the Naxals in the Dandakaranya forest, spanning Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and Maharashtra.

Through songs and plays, they showcase the "evils of mining", planned by the Chhattisgarh government. The fear of displacement is spreading among the tribal population as the state plans large-scale mining of iron, limestone, zinc, mica and diamonds in Dandakaranya.

The Maoists fear new roads and railway links will lead to the displacement of thousands of people and spoil the fragile ecology of the region. "We will oppose it at any cost,'' says Sukhlal Mandvi, a villager.

It is not just fear that seizes the tribals. They are incensed at the Salva Judum movement through which the government is trying to win over sections of the tribal population, wean them off the jungle and bring them near the state highways. The movement, which started in June last year, has led to regular clashes between the Naxals and the Salva Judum cadres. The Maoists say the Salva Judum members are being used to track down the Naxal hideouts in the forest.

The state government says the Salva Judum comprises tribals who are tired of the Naxal way of violence. The Naxals don't buy it. Says Gopannah Markan, a member of the state committee secretariat of the Maoists: "The state claims that the Salva Judum is a spontaneous agitation against us. It's actually a state-sponsored daman abhiyan (repressive movement)."

As the afternoon sun trickles down the forest cover, it is not just the tribals who are united in the dream of a "classless society". In the squads are non-tribals from Chhattisgarh besides Andhraites, Maharashtrians, Tamils, Biharis and Haryanvis. For them revolution is as real as it gets. Umesh, the commander of a squad, says it is sacrilege even to think that the armed revolution is a whiff of fantasy.

Like Umesh and Markan, there are hundreds of cadres who left their homes 15-20 years ago to live, train and fight in the jungle. They ate berries and drank from the stream and in the spare time read and translated Maoist literature. "It's a matter of time but the movement will succeed," says Umesh, clutching his rifle.

"Maybe not in our lifetime but perhaps 10 years after that. The oppressors will be overthrown."

What drove Umesh and the rest to this low-intensity war when they could have spent their lives ploughing rice and cotton fields, growing tendua (betel) trees and raising a family?

For many this came natural as they belonged to families that had been traditionally sympathisers of the Maoist movement. Markan says they had seen or experienced the rich oppressing the poor. They had known corrupt forest guards and contractors exploiting the tribals. And an old ideology of Chairman Mao and guns helped them think of a brave new world. Maybe not in their lives, but they are ready to lay down their lives for that.

Eagle's Eye: Good governance the answer

The State Governments will need to accord a higher priority in their annual plans to ensure faster socio-economic development of the Naxal affected areas, says Anil Kamboj Left-wing extremism is now a bigger threat to the country than militancy in Kashmir or separatist militancy in the North East and unless some strategic response is formulated and executed, the nation may find most of its rural hinterland overrun by this storm. The Prime Minister, while chairing the meeting of Chief Ministers of Naxal-infested States, described the problem as the biggest internal security challenge.

It is a situation where at least 225 districts are under the throes of some kind of militancy. As many as 8,695 police station areas are affected by the Maoist menace. There are about 9,500 hardcore Naxalites who are spread across the Naxal-affected States. Investigations have revealed that the Indian Maoist groups are involved in illicit narcotic trade and smuggling of counterfeit Indian currency. They have linkages with ISI which is providing sophisticated weapons and knowledge about improvised explosive devices. These groups are not only getting financial support from anti-India forces, but, their cadres are also being trained by the LTTE in guerrilla warfare.

A status paper presented to Parliament last month by Home Minister Shivraj Patil reveals that the total number of people killed by Naxalite violence rose by 30% between 2003 and 2005. The number of policemen killed jumped to an astonishing 53% between 2004 and 2005. Naxalite strength has grown by over 50% since 2001. Till 2001, 60% of the weaponry was country-made. Today they have AK series, grenade launchers, mortars, carbines etc. Their command structures have also evolved and modernised. After the merger of the CPML, PW and MCCI into the CPI (Maoists) in September 2004, they are trying to get together the other splinter groups and to intensify their mass contact programme. Of the two, the MCCI was known for its brutal methods, while the erstwhile People's War Group in comparison was considered moderate. The Maoists leadership in Andhra Pradesh believes that the moderate approach led to irreversible losses, especially in North Telangana. In a bid to infuse new blood, the leadership expanded the North Telangana and Ahiri in Maharastra and some parts of Bastar district. Regular recruitment of cadres is being carried out. Indian Naxalite groups continue to sustain their fraternal and logistic links with Nepalese Maoists.

The Chief Ministers of Naxal-infested states have expressed their concern over the growing influence of Maoists from Nepal and felt that if not checked, they could easily infiltrate and make matters worse for India. In fact, the CPI (Maoist) and CPN (Maoist) have already provided training, arms and finances to each other. The Naxalite leadership continues to pursue their plan to wage protracted people's war through the armed struggle to capture political power. They seem to lay greater focus on organising along the military lines. Their constant effort is to upgrade technology and sophistication of their weaponry. They are clearly strategising to remain relevant by infiltrating schools. Their immediate aim is to create "bal - dasta", or child squads. The Naxalites have a very well knit organisational structure and work to a pan-India strategy. They want to control the economic resources of the region and generally operate in areas rich in natural resources like minerals, tendu patta, katha trees etc. They have been terrorising traders and local people and even carrying out extortion. Each time the Government spends on development in the affected areas, a sizable portion of funds leaks into Naxal's hands. On the other hand, the various State Governments have a different perception on the issue. They adopted differing and sometimes mutually conflicting policies, probably due to political compulsions.

Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh have banned the Maoist, while Orissa expressed its inability to do so. Chhattisgarh initiated steps to counter rising Naxal violence, at the same time, the Andhra Pradesh Government ran a peace process for almost nine months, resulting in the sudden spurt in Naxal violence in the neighbouring states of Karnataka, Maharastra, Chhatisgarh and Orissa. Inside the Red Corridor, stretching from Nepal to Andhra Pradesh, the Naxalites have stepped up Dandakaranya Liberated Zone in the tribal areas. It is home to various primitive tribes undivided by caste and religion. They are dependent on the forest for their livelihood but were taxed or fined for everything, from grazing, firewood collection and to house construction. The alternative was arrest. The idea of establishing a guerrilla zone in Dandakaranya was first started by Kondapalli Seetharamaiah. Their task was not limited to organising the tribal against the atrocities. The Naxalit knew that the tribals still depended on gathering food, therefore needed skills in agriculture. Then Naxalites came up with the idea of digging lakes which could be used for irrigation and fish breeding. This idea laid the foundation of "Janatana Sarkar" or People's Government.

It is an alternative form of governance established by the Maoists after overthrowing the present Government system. There exists a strong bond between the Maoist party and the local people, fostered through monthly village meetings that discuss common problems and needs of the village. This helps that a majority of squad members are from the local tribes, at least one from each family. The Maoist cadres are almost entirely drawn from the most exploited sections of the rural and tribal societies of the States. It is not that Mao-tse-Tung or Lenin has inspired the Naxalite cadres. It is an anger and vengeful voice of exploited whose resentment has grown over the last few decades having been bypassed by the socio-economic changes in rural and tribal areas. Though Naxals have not yet carried out any operation in Uttaranchal, but have their presence in the State, specially in the Pithoragarh, Champawat and Udham Singh Nagar districts. These areas are also serving as hiding places for Maoists of Nepal.

It is a possibility that if surreptitious armed activity gains route, the tough terrain with forests and isolated hills, would make it virtually impossible to control it. To combat this challenge, the government has defined a policy. It would address this menace simultaneously on political, security, development and public perception management fronts in a holistic manner. It will deal sternly with the Naxalites indulging in violence. It being an inter-State problem, the States will adopt a collective approach and pursue a coordinated response to counter it. There will be no peace dialogue by the affected states with the Naxal groups unless the latter agree to give up violence and arms. The states where there is Naxal influence but no violence would have to focus on socio-economic development of the backward areas and regular interaction with NGOs, intelligentsia etc to minimise overground support for the Naxalite ideology and activity. The State Governments will need to accord a higher priority in their annual plans to ensure faster socio-economic development of the Naxal affected areas.

The focus should be on implementation of land reforms, development of basic infrastructure like roads, communication, power, water supply etc and provide employment opportunities to the youth. The initiative will be that of State Governments whereas Union Government may continue to supplement the efforts and resources of the affected states on both security and development. Central Government has already sanctioned Rs. 2,475 crore under the backwards districts initiative component of the Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojna. All Naxal-affected States may have to strictly implement the surrender-cum-rehabilitation schemes for Naxalites who want to shun violence. The real remedy lies in good governance which is sensitive to the needs of the most exploited. Though the government has taken good step forward, but the menace will have to be tackled with a dedicated and determined approach.

-INFA

Chhattisgarh: 300 Naxals attack relief camp, 4 killed

May 13, 2006 16:53 IST
Four village Special Police Officers were killed and three others injured when around 300 heavily armed Maoists attacked a relief camp in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh on Saturday, police said.

"Around 300 armed Naxalites attacked the Injeram relief camp, 540 km from Raipur, and opened indiscriminate fire, killing four village SPOs and injuring three others in the wee hours on Saturday," Dantewada police sources said.

Nagaland Armed Police personnel, who were camping in the same locality, retaliated and the exchange of fire with the ultras continued for over an hour in Injeram, the sources said.

After Naxalites increased their violent activities in June last year, about 50,000 people had deserted their villages and took shelter in government-run relief camps in Dantewada district and about 6000 villagers are staying in such camps at Injeram, the sources said.

The government had recruited some villagers as SPOs to provide them security.

In a separate incident on Friday, the Maoists abducted at least two villagers from their village Akhirguda in Dantewada district, police said.

"When the villagers from Akhirguda had gone from the Injeram relief camp to their village, they were abducted by the Maoists on gun point," the sources said, adding that the villagers have lodged a First Information Report in connection with the incident.

Recently, the Maoists had abducted 52 villagers of Manikonta in Dantewada district and killed 15 of them, releasing the rest after threatening them not to participate in anti-Naxal activities.



Four security men were killed and three others injured when around 300 heavily armed Maoists attacked a relief camp in Dantewada district of Chattisgarh state today.

"Around 300 armed naxalites attacked the Injeram relief camp, 540 kilometers from here, and opened indiscriminate fire, killing four security men and injuring three others in the wee hours, a PTI report said here quoting police sources.

Nagaland Armed Police (NAP) personnel, who were camping in the same locality, retaliated and an exchange of fire with the ultras continued for over an hour in Injeram, the sources said.

Since naxalites increased their violent activities in June last year, about 50,000 people have deserted their villages and took shelter in government-run relief camps in Dantewada district and about 6000 villagers are staying in camps at Injeram.

In a separate incident, at least two villagers were abducted yesterday by Maoists while on their way to their village Akhirguda in Dantewada district.

Recently the Maoists had abducted 52 villagers of Manikonta in Dantewada district and killed 15 of them, releasing the rest after threatening them not to participate in anti-naxal activities.