Tuesday, June 23, 2009

Nation wide ban on Maoist Left extremists imposed in India

Published by editor India Jun 23, 2009
By M Rama Rao,
India Editor, Asian Tribune

New Delhi, 23 June (Asiantribune.com): In a move that will put the Manmohan Singh Government in the firing line of the Left parties, a nation wide ban has been imposed on the Naxalites who are also known as CPI- Maoists.

The ban announced by the The ban announced by the Interior Ministry brackets the Maoists in the league of some 34 outfits like Tamil Tigers, Tamil Nadu Liberation Army, Pak based Islamist groups like Lashkar-e-Toiba, and Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HuM) and insurgent groups active in India’s northeast like ULFA of Assam.brackets the Maoists in the league of some 34 outfits like Tamil Tigers, Tamil Nadu Liberation Army, Pak based Islamist groups like Lashkar-e-Toiba, and Hizb-ul-Mujahideen (HuM) and insurgent groups active in India’s northeast like ULFA of Assam.

Ban order clamped under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act came hours after the Maoists started a 48-hour long general strike in Lalgarh belt of West Bengal and adjoining Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Orissa. Senior leaders of the Left parties only Sunday shot off a letter to the Prime Minister opposing any move to ban the Maoists and arguing the problem should be tackled on political and police fronts.

Immediately after ban orders were out, senior Marxist leader Sitaram Yechuri called on Home Minister Palaniappan Chidambaram at the North Block and discussed various issues related to the on-going security operation at Lalgarh in West Bengal.

The Interior Ministry notification, giving reasons for the ban order, said there are intelligence inputs that the CPI (Maoist) may indulge in demonstrative acts of violence by targeting security forces and economic infrastructure such as trains, buses, railway stations, bus stations and other places where people where people are likely to gather in significant numbers.

It said the intelligence inputs have been shared with the State Government concerned and they have been advised to take precautionary and pre-emptive measures. A general alert also was sounded nationwide.

Government opines that the security forces are likely to be the prime targets of the Naxalites. From the beginning of this year, they have been regularly triggering IEDs and landmines to hinder the security operations.

Political circles are surprised by the suddenness of the ban order. More so the Naxalite violence is not as intensive as it was even a year ago. There are allegations in West Bengal media that the present upsurge of naxal violence was also an upshot of nexus Congress ally Trinamul Congress has been with the Maoists for short term political gains. Only two days back, Chidambaram had offered to facilitate talks between the Left front government and Maoists

Expectedly, West Bengal’s ruling Left Front Chairman, Biman Basu, has flayed Delhi decision. He stuck to the refrain that the Maoist problem should be tackled politically and said Left parties would continue their struggles to alienate people from Maoists.

‘We have decided that such outfits, which follow misguided politics, cannot be countered by banning them. It is important to counter the activities of these outfits politically’, Biman Basu said

He also said ‘We are opposing the terrorist activities of the Maoists and that is why we are attacked’.

CPI-M’s chief honcho Prakash Karat also expressed identical views while interacting with the media here on Monday afternoon.

The CPI and Forward Bloc, two major LF constituents, also said that the problem would not be solved by banning the Maoists.

The Congress party has, however, welcomed the government’s move to declare the party with its spokesman Shakeel Ahmad, himself a former junior minister at the Home Office, saying that the ban would help many state governments to fight the Naxalite terror all along the red corridor from the India-Nepal border to Tamilnadu.

On their part, the Maoists have greeted the ban order with attacks on police and public transport and blasting more landmines in Jharkhand, Orissa and West Bengal

West Bengal police have ‘reclaimed’ Lalgarh, which was ‘liberated’ by the Naxalites, The operation which concluded on Saturday met with little or no resistance. Now the focus is on establishing the writ of the State in Binpur, Jhargram and adjoining areas where state and paramilitary security forces continued their offensive for the fifth day.

Organisations declared as terrorist outfits in India

1. United Liberation Front of Assam ( ULFA )

2. National Democratic Front of Bodoland ( NDFB ) in Assam

3. People’s Liberation Army ( PLA )

4. United National Liberation Front ( UNLF )

5. People’s Revolutionary party of Kangleipak ( PREPAK )

6. Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP)

7. Kanglei Yaol Kanba Lup ( KYKL )

8. Manipur People’s Liberation Front ( MPLF )

9. Revolutionary People’s Front (RPF ) in Manipur

10. All Tripura Tiger Force (ATTF)

11. National Liberation Front of Tripura (NLFT ) in Tripura

12. Hynniewtrep National Liberation Council (HNLC)

13. Achik National Volunteer Council ( ANVC ) in Meghalaya

14. Babbar Khalsa International

15. Khalistan Commando Force

16. International Sikh Youth Federation

17. Lashkar-E-Taiba/Pasban-E-Ahle Hadis

18. Jaish-E-Mohammed/Tahrik-E-Furqan.

19. Harkat-Ul-Mujahideen/Harkar-Ul-Ansar/Karkat-Ul-Jehad-E-Islami

20. Hizb-Ul-Mujahideen/Hizb-Ul-Mujahideen Pir Panjal Regiment

21. Al-Umar-Mujahideen

22. Jammu And Kashmir Islamic Front

23. Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

24 Students Islamic Movement of India

25. Deendar Anjuman

26. Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)-People’s War, and

All Its Formations and Front Organisations

27. Maoist Communist Centre (MCC), All Its Formations and Front Organisations

28. Al Badr

29 Jamiat-Ul-Mujahidde

30. Al-Qaida

31. Dukhtaran-E-Millat (DEM)

32. Tamil Nadu Liberation Army (TNLA)

33. Tamil National Retrieval Troops (TNRT)

34. Akhil Bharat Nepali Ekta Samaj (ABNES)

These organisations have been banned under the provisions of a 1967 law that seeks to check unlawful activities.

The ban orders are justiciable. A tribunal set up under Unlawful Activities Prevention Act has the powers to review the ban after considering the totality of government submissions and objections if any from other quarters.

-Asian Tribune -

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