Tuesday, August 04, 2009

Maoists plan to take 'guerrilla war' to new areas

Vishwa Mohan, TNN 3 August 2009, 02:06am IST


NEW DELHI: If the Centre has its action plan ready to deal with Maoists, the Red ultras have a counter-plan in place which talks about expanding
their "guerrilla war to new areas" to "disperse the enemy force (security personnel) over a sufficiently wider area".

When chief ministers of Naxal-affected states and their police chiefs meet here sometime this month, they will have the "counter-plan" as a big challenge before them while devising their strategy of "coordinated action" against Red terror.

Taking note of what home ministry has planned to counter them, the politburo of CPI (Maoist)  an umbrella organisation of naxal outfits in the country  in its last meeting on June 12 came out with a detailed plan, asking its armed wing, People Liberation of Guerrilla Army (PLGA), to carry out "tactical counter-offensives" keeping in mind strengths and weaknesses of government forces.

A copy of the naxals' plan was seized by security agencies during operations in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Orissa. It explains how the ultras are fanning out to different states to deviate police and paramilitary forces from Abhujmaad  an area comprising nearly 4,000 sq km of dense forest in Chhattisgarh considered to be the Maoists' safest base.

Though the politburo considered government forces to be "superior", it noted that that it would be difficult for the Centre to send enough forces required by each state in near future as raising of central forces would take time.

"Keeping this in mind, we have to further aggravate the situation and create more difficulties for the enemy (security) forces by expanding our guerrilla war to new areas on the one hand and intensify the mass resistance in existing areas so as to disperse the enemy forces over a sufficiently wider area," the Maoists' politburo said.

Realising that any mistake on their part would be utilised by government forces to isolate them, the politburo has issued certain dos and don'ts for its cadre. It asked them to take extra precautions not to take reckless actions, not to cause damage to people's property or cause inconvenience to civilians. It also asked the cadre to promptly apologise for their mistakes and assure people that such mistakes would not be repeated.

Referring to their code of conduct, a senior home ministry official said the naxalites had adopted this strategy as they did not want to antagonise sympathetic local populations which provide them much needed support/shelter during operations. The ultras want to target only state security forces without causing inconvenience to civilians, he added.

Sensing the urgency of stepping up its armed struggle, CPI (Maoist) expressed the need to recruit new members, train cadre, build new leadership, enthuse them with daring counter-offensives, mobilise them into militant mass struggles and also "take up wide propaganda exposing state terror" with the help of their sympathisers and civil society.

Though the 14-page politburo note has not disclosed the Maoists' operational details, it clearly indicates how it has been building up cadres in new areas to take on security forces.

Addressing their sympathisers and trying to motivate cadres, the politburo also pointed to various movements outside India. It referred to Iraq and Afghanistan where it said locals had been fighting "reactionaries led by US imperialists".

vishwa.mohan@timesgroup.com

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