Tuesday, February 09, 2010

Indian Police: Transformation needed


The total outlay on policing in India must be increased to 8 percent of the national budget from 4.3 per cent to make it match the demand of time

Published on 02/09/2010 - 10:14:02 AM
By Pravin Prashant

It is time India manages its internal security as per international standards as the world is now looking at India and China for important things like economic bailout. This new leadership status is also putting lot of responsibilities on India and the country needs to embrace it fast, removing all roadblocks hindering its success be it infrastructure or law and order.
Indian Police has a major role to play in India's development since we are multi-religious society and is surrounded by hostile neighbors from all sides. To strengthen internal security, the state needs to increase its budget allocation from present 4.3 per cent to 8 per cent. This will give enough funds for recruitment and training, acquisition of sophisticated weapons and police modernisation which is presently neglected.

Presently, all the states and UTs have a cumulative budget allocation of Rs 44,354 crore for Police Department and this is 4.3 per cent of the total budget outlay. Of this around 80 per cent goes for salary and a meager 20 per cent goes for training, acquisition of sophisticated weapons and police modernisation programme.
And this is affecting law and order in the country. Once, the states and UTs and central government increases the total outlay, policing in the country will have a different look.
The manpower problem remains acute for all states and Union Territories as filling up vacancy is becoming extremely difficult due to lack of transparency and court cases.
It is expected that by the end of the present fiscal the Indian Police Department will have a total workforce of 1,581,439, an addition of around 77,286 in the last six months. Despite this addition, the police force will be short of 138,559 people. And if states and UTs do not recruit in time the number will keep on increasing so they have to increase their workforce periodically.

The number is further bound to increase since there is an urgent need for increasing police stations both in rural and urban areas. In rural areas the problem is acute since the number of police stations and police force has a mismatched proportion. This issue needs to be addressed at the earliest by the state and UT governments.
It is not only about recruiting the best manpower in police force but it is also about training them with different skill sets be it in terms of intelligence gathering, new technologies, cyber crime and others.
Training also needs to be provided with respect to nature of job like intelligence, anti terrorist unit, quick response teams, industrial security force and coastal security. For this the state and UT governments needs to increase their allocation for training by setting up modern training infrastructure using modern gadget and technologies for increasing productivity and efficiency of its workforce.
The workforce should get sophisticated arms and weapons like pistols, assault rifles, AK-47 rifles and sniper rifles to fight terrorist or naxalite.All this will give increased confidence to fight and eliminate naxalites and terrorists from the country and will be helpful for maintaining internal security in the country.

Police modernisation should be high on the priority list for state governments as police station needs to be connected to each other so that information gathering and information analysis can happen instantaneously. Modernisation will also lead to sharing of information between adjacent states and between state and central government in a seamless way.

Presently, the Multi Agency centre (MAC) in the intelligence bureau shares intelligence with other agencies including those of the state governments and Union Territories on a continuous and real time basis. By April, it is expected that new hardware will be installed in S-MACs and special branch control rooms for seamless connectivity.
All this will give a new momentum to internal security in the country.

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