Saturday, October 03, 2020

Killing of Chhattisgarh MLA in 2019 was part of naxalites’ Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign



New Delhi, Oct 02: The National Investigation has charged six persons in connection with the killing of Bhima Mandavi, an MLA from Chhattisgarh.


The NIA filed a chargesheet against Madka Ram Tati, Bhima Ram Tati, Linge Tati, Laxman Jaiswal, Ramesh Kumar Kashyap and Haripal Singh Chauhan.

Killing of Chhattisgarh MLA in 2019 was part of naxalites’ Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign

The case on hand relates to an IED blast, followed by indiscriminate firing on April 9 2019 near the Shyamgiri Village, Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh. In the incident, the then sitting MLA of Dantewada, Mandavi was killed by the operatives of the CPI (Maoist). Four security personnel too were martyred in the attack, following which the naxals looted their arms.

Cops up ante as big movement of naxals seen from Chhattisgarh to Telangana

With no clues available initially, break-through was achieved in the case after examining several witnesses, surrendered naxal cadres and rigorous technical analysis. During the course of investigation, NIA arrested six accused persons.

Investigation established that the decision to kill Bhima Mandavi was taken at Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee (DKSZC) level meeting held in December 2018 in West Bastar, Chhattisgarh.

Later, another meeting at Darbha Division Committee level, was held in the end of February, 2019, in the Gonderas Forest area of South Bastar, Dantewada, which was chaired by Giri Reddy DKSZC member and In-charge of Darbha Division.

During the meeting, as part of Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign (TCOC), it was decided to kill Bhima Mandavi, along with other political leaders, police personnel and disrupt the election process. Bada Deva, Secretary of Darbha Division Committee, was made overall In-charge to carry out the objectives of TCOC


https://www.oneindia.com/india/killing-of-chhattisgarh-mla-in-2019-was-part-of-naxalites-tactical-counter-offensive-campaign-3157716.html

BSF seizes 200 gelatin sticks in Odisha’s Maoist-hit Malkangiri


The explosives were stuffed into sacks and dumped in different locations of a forest and concealed in deep crevices

Updated: Oct 02, 2020 15:22 IST

By Debabrata Mohanty, Hindustan Times Bhubaneswar

Paramilitary forces have seized around 200 gelatin stick explosives weighing around 21 kg during a combing operation in Odisha’s Maoist-hit Malkangiri district.


The gelatin sticks are powerful water-resistant explosives made of a jellylike mass of nitroglycerin and lower-nitrated cellulose nitrate. Maoists have often used them to target security forces.

A Border Security Force officer in Malkangiri said the explosives were seized a following a tip-off on Thursday. The explosives were stuffed into sacks and dumped in different locations of a forest and concealed in deep crevices.

The seizure came a day after Maoists killed two people, including a former deputy sarpanch, on suspicion of being police informers in neighbouring Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh.

In July, police in Malkangiri recovered 14 detonators, 10 rounds of live ammunition, one .303 gun and one magazine from a Maoist camp

https://www.hindustantimes.com/cities/bsf-seizes-200-gelatin-sticks-in-odisha-s-maoist-hit-malkangiri/story-xjNOq3nQicyCY7QMpsQpqK.html

Chhattisgarh: NIA files chargesheet against 33 Maoists in BJP MLA murder case


By Ejaz Kaiser| Express News Service | Published: 02nd October 2020 10:44 PM
For representational purposes


RAIPUR: The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has filed charge-sheet against 33 Maoists in the murder of BJP MLA Bheema Mandavi and four police personnel in the special court at Jagdalpur (Bastar).

The charge-sheet was filed under the relevant sections of IPC, Arms Act, Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act 1967, and Explosive Substance Act against 33 accused, the statement by the central probe agency cited.

Of the 33 accused, as many as six have been arrested, 22 absconding while the remaining five have died.

During the course of the investigation, the NIA has identified the details of six who are in its custody.


ALSO READ | COVID-19 disrupts Maoists' supply chain in Chhattisgarh: Police

Barely two days before the first phase of polling in Bastar Lok Sabha constituency, Mandavi and four police personnel were killed in a powerful IED blast triggered by the Maoists at Shyamgiri village in Dantewada on April 9 last year.

With no clues initially available, the NIA secured a breakthrough in the case after examining several witnesses, surrendered Maoist cadres, and rigorous technical analysis, a senior official said.

According to the issued statement, the probe established that the decision to eliminate Mandavi was taken at Maoist’s Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee (DKSZC) meeting in December 2018 in Bastar.

ALSO READ | Chhattisgarh: Hundreds of tribals attend Maoists' Formation Day show in Bastar

The investigation also substantiated the involvement of top Maoist leaders of outlawed CPI (Maoist). They are Nambala Keshava Rao alias Basavraj (general secretary of the CPI-Maoist and secretary of the central committee), Kattam Sudarshan alias Anand (secretary of Central Regional Bureau), Mallojullla Venugopal alias Bhupathi (Politburo and Central Committee member), Thippari Tirupati alias Deva (Central Committee Member), Ropulla Srinivas alias Ramanna (Central Committee member and secretary-DKSZC), Hidma alias Hidmanna (DKSZC member and commander-PLGA Battalion No-1), and Ganesh Uike (DKSZC member and secretary—South Regional Committee).

https://www.newindianexpress.com/nation/2020/oct/02/chhattisgarh-nia-files-chargesheet-against-33-maoists-in-bjp-mla-murder-case-2205007.html


All anti-state Maoist offensives in 2019 took place in Odisha


Debabrata Mohapatra | TNN | Oct 3, 2020, 13:06 IST
TNN
The finding assumes significance amid the state government’s claim that LWE-related crimes have seen a sharp decline in the last few years

BHUBANESWAR: The country had witnessed 13 crimes by 

Maoists

, relating to offences against the State and sedition, in 2019. Incidentally, all the 13 offences had occurred in Odisha, the latest data of the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has revealed.


The finding assumes significance amid the state government’s claim that Left-wing extremism (LWE)-related crimes have seen a sharp decline in the last few years.


The NCRB has put the offences against the State under different sections of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). These include Section 121 (waging a war against the Government of India), 121A (conspiracy to commit offences against the GoI), 122 (collecting arms to wage war against the GoI), 123 (concealing with intent to facilitate design to wage war) and 124A (sedition) of the IPC.


Significantly, the state government had in July this year declared five districts — Angul, Boudh, Sambalpur, Deogarh and Nayagarha — as Maoist-free belts. These districts did not witness any violence triggered by Maoists in the last two years, a key criterion to get the Maoist-free tag. At present, altogether 10 (Koraput, Malkangiri, Rayagada, Bargarh, Balangir, Nabarangpur, Kalahandi, Nuapada, Kandhamal, and Sundargarh) of the 30 districts in the state are affected by LWE.


Claiming that the Maoist activities have been brought under control, the state government had recently abolished 905 posts in the Special Operation Group (SOG), the anti-Maoist force of the state police, and redeployed those personnel in police stations.


Police said the LWE activities have been controlled to a great extent and the sedition cases are not worrisome. “We have been slapping the stringent sections of sedition and offences against State on Maoists whenever they commit any crime. However, Maoist-triggered crimes like murder, attempt to murder, loot, abduction and arson have significantly dropped because of our intensified anti-Maoist operations and the government’s development activities and surrender policy for the rebels,” a senior police officer said. Police denied that the downsizing of the SOG force would weaken the anti-Maoist operations.


The state police headquarters said Maoists had orchestrated altogether 44 crimes in 2019. “The Maoists had killed 10 civilians and one policeman in the state last year. Eight Maoists were gunned down, 50 arrested and 13 had surrendered in the state in 2019. Altogether 14 exchange of fire incidents occurred between Maoists and security forces in the state last year,” officials of the police headquarters said.


In 2018, Odisha had registered only two cases relating to ‘offences against State’ against Maoists whereas Kerala had topped with 11 such cases, the NCRB report said. Chhattisgarh and Karnataka too had registered two such cases each against Maoists in 2018


https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/bhubaneswar/all-anti-state-maoist-offensives-in-2019-took-place-in-odisha/articleshow/78459888.cms

Maoist who killed Bijapur villagers, gunned down by his own subordinate


Modiyam Vijja had earned the wrath of his own associates due to recent incidents of mindless killings of innocent villagers, said the police.

Updated: Oct 03, 2020 13:38 IST

By Ritesh Mishra | Edited by Abhinav Sahay, Hindustan Times Raipur

Maoist rebels handed over Vijjas body to his family members for cremation said police
Maoist rebels handed over Vijja’s body to his family members for cremation, said police. (AP file Photo)

A senior Maoist allegedly responsible for the killing of civilians in Bijapur district of Bastar region in Chhattisgarh was killed by his own subordinates, police claimed on Friday.


“We had received confirmed information about Gangaloor Area Committee in-charge and Divisional Committee Member Modiyam Vijja getting killed by his own cadres on Thursday,” said Bastar range’s inspector general of police Sunderaj P, in a written statement.

Senior Maoist leader Vijja was behind most of the killings of civilians and rallies organized in Gangaloor area in West Bastar division region of Bijapur.

In Bijapur, 12 people, including three policemen and a forest ranger, have been killed in the last one month.




“This is a very important development in the background of recent civilian killings in the South Bastar Region. There was a lot of dissent among the senior cadres and local cadres with regard to mindless violence against the innocent tribals,” the IG stated in his statement.

Also Read: Maoists kill 2 villagers in Chhattisgarh for being informers: Police

We have information that a confrontation broke out between Vijja and his subordinate Dinesh Modiyam, secretary of Gangaloor area committee, over the recent killings of innocent tribals in Bijapur, following which, the former was killed. The Maoists then handed over his body to his family in Mankeli village for cremation which was performed on Friday evening, he said.

“It appears there is a lot of dissent among the senior cadres and lower rung cadres and they are in confrontation mode with regard to violence being committed on innocent tribals by senior ultras,” the IG reiterated.

On Thursday, two villagers from two villages of Bijapur district, including one former deputy sarpanch, were killed by Maoists on suspicion that they were police informers.The incidents took place on Wednesday night in two villages under Jangala police station area


https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/maoist-who-killed-bijapur-villagers-gunned-down-by-his-own-subordinate/story-W6AZgFjZomwwo89l5CndYM.html


🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴🔴


Chhattisgarh: Maoist leader behind Bastar killing spree shot dead by deputy

Rashmi Drolia | TNN | Oct 2, 2020, 21:55 IST

RAIPUR: The 

Maoist commander

 believed to be responsible for the recent killing spree in Bijapur has been shot dead by his own deputy after his team revolted against the ‘mindless bloodletting’, say police.


Bastar police are getting 

information

 that 

Maoist Gangaloor Area Committee commander

 and divisional committee member Modiyam Vijja was killed by his second-in-command Dinesh Modiyam, 

Bastar Range IG P Sundarraj

 told TOI on Friday evening.


“This is a very significant development in the background of recent killings in South Bastar region. We have received confirmation that Vijja’s body was cremated at 5pm on Friday at his native village, Mankelli,” said the IG.



If true, it will come as a relief to locals after weeks of bloodshed, where just about anyone was branded a police informer and murdered in increasingly savage fashion. It’s also more indication of a command-and-control gap in the Maoist hierarchy, where the leadership doesn’t seem to have a grip on its junior cadres, who are now turning on each other. In July, Maoists killed two of their own for siding with villagers and refusing to dig up a newly built road.


Police believed Vijja was orchestrating the murder spree of the past six weeks in a desperate attempt to show his leaders that he was indispensable in the Gangaloor area. At least 17 people, including four policemen, paid with their lives.


According to intelligence inputs, there was a spat between Vijja and his deputy Dinesh on October 1 in the forests of Chitawar. Dinesh refused to take orders from his commander, which led to a fight, and he shot Vijja dead, say police.



Vijja’s body was handed to his family in Mankelli village of Bijapur where he was cremated. “We are trying to get more details. In a couple of days, it will be clear,” the IG said.


Vijja was the most senior commander of the area committee, and carried a bounty of Rs 8 lakh. He was armed with an AK47. Dinesh carries a bounty of Rs 5 lakh. He was recently transferred to ‘National Park area committee’ and is learnt to be behind the recent rallies in which villagers were made to ask security forces to “stay in their camps and not spread Covid-19”.


The IG said that there was a lot of dissent in Maoist ranks over the mindless violence against innocent tribals and a heated dispute was on for the past 15 days. Calling it an “unusual internal conflict” among Maoists, Sundarraj reiterated his earlier statement that it was the “beginning of the end of Maoists”.


“Under pressure, Maoists are struggling to retain their supremacy and in order to satisfy a senior commander, the lower cadres are killing civilians, digging-up roads, damaging bridges and community buildings. Vijja’s murder is loud evidence of this,” he said.


Thursday, October 01, 2020

C'garh Naxals kill 2 on suspicion of being police informers

 PTIOctober 01, 2020 12:44 IST

    Bijapur, Oct 1 (PTI) A former village deputy sarpanch
and another person were killed by Naxals on the suspicion of
being police informers at separate places in Chhattisgarhs
Bijapur district, police said on Thursday.
    Both incidents took place under Jangla police station
limits on Wednesday night in the insurgency-hit district, a
senior police official said.
    Dhaniram Korsa, a former deputy sarpanch (deputy
head), was killed in Bardela village, while one Gopal Kudiyam
was murdered in the nearby Gongla village, he said.
    The official said according to locals, the rebels
killed the two men with sharp-edged weapons after accusing
them of acting as police informers.
    On getting information about the incidents on Thursday
morning, police teams were rushed to the spot and the bodies
were sent to hospital for postmortem, he said.
    A search operation has been launched in the area to
nab the culprits, he said.
    Bijapur has been witnessing a rise in Maoist attacks,
according to the police.
    With the latest incidents, 12 people, including three
policemen and a forest official, have so far been killed by
Naxals in the district over the last one month.
    Besides, the police have also received information
about killings of some villagers in the interiors of Pamed and
Gangaloor areas of Bijapur in the last one month, but they are
yet to be officially confirmed, a senior police official
earlier said. PTI COR TKP
GK GK

Is Insurgency in India’s Red Corridor a Non-International Armed Conflict?

Is Insurgency in India’s Red Corridor a Non-International Armed Conflict?
Sambeetarts / Pixabay

Recently, on 22 July 2020, there was an exchange of fire between Naxals and police at Korchi in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, which is referred to by Maoists as the ‘Liberated Zone’, drawing our attention once again to the insurgency brewing in Central and Eastern India since 1967. Naxalism, also branded as the People’s War, started as a movement to uplift the downtrodden and oppressed people belonging to tribal communities, however, over the time, it has gradually evolved its shape and ideology and is now facilitating the capture of state power through terror and preaches violence against the ruling classes. Interestingly, as per the Indian government, the insurgency in the ‘Red Corridor’, a considerable portion of the Indian territory, is the “biggest internal security challenge”. The government is maneuvering shrewdly from the implications it would have had if we identify the insurrection as a “protracted armed conflict” as per the laws of war. The government is trying to salvage its global reputation and discard its obligations under the Geneva Conventions of 1949 (GCs) and customary international law principles.

In this article, the author has attempted to discuss and debate that the Naxal insurgency, which has led to thousands of deaths and a considerable amount of other causalities, in the last four decades, is not an ‘internal security threat’. Instead, the insurgency constitutes a Non-International Armed Conflict (NIAC) under International Humanitarian Law (IHL).

In the case of Prosecutor v. Dusko Tadic, the ICTY Tribunal observed that an armed conflict is a “resort to armed forces between states or protracted armed violence between governmental authorities and organized armed groups or between such groups within a state”. In other words, NIACs are armed conflicts in which at least one party is not a state. Furthermore, it is widely accepted that NIACs, in the light of Common Article 3, which draws a rudimentary framework of the responsibilities of the parties during NIACs, also include those incidents of war where non-state armed groups are fighting against each other and there is no state involvement. In order to differentiate an armed conflict from less severe types of violence, such as internal disturbances and protests, the situation must reach some level of threshold of the confrontation. The following section of the article addresses the two determining factors for establishing the threshold for an armed conflict to qualify as a NIAC.

For the Maoists insurgency to be qualified as a NIAC, it has to meet the two criteria required i.e., some degree of organization among Maoists and intensity of violence. The Naxalite movement, concentrated in CPI (Maoist), is highly hierarchical and centralized. It has a Central Committee (which controls all the operations) and other Subordinate Committees along with Revolutionary People’s Committee (also known as people’s government). By 2003, the Revolutionary People’s Committee has had influence over 2000 villages. Moreover, Central Committee sets agendas and exert control over Central Military Commission that is responsible for coordinating the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA), an armed wing which is said to contain 25,000 soldiers or above. According to various social science experts, discipline is maintained within the ranks of PLGA by punishing those who do not obey orders. Furthermore, they are focused on using military power as a means to establish an independent state and over 12,000 people have been killed in the past 20 years.

The Indian government, with support from various state governments, has deployed its police and paramilitary forces since the beginning of the conflict in response to the Naxalites. There was a state-sponsored militia, Salwa Judum (aka an armed civilian vigilante group) to wage a brutal war against Maoists. Additionally, in 2009, the CRPF began a large scale operation against the Naxalites, which was called by media as the “Operation Green Hunt”, and 84,000 CRPF personnel supposedly have been deployed in Naxalism-infected regions. Indian military denies its direct involvement, nevertheless, the military has been training paramilitary forces and police and may also be involved in counter-insurgency missions. Naxalites display their organizational skills and hierarchical system quite palpably along with the ability to organize armed attacks, plan activities, and project control over a vast territory. As far as the intensity criteria is concerned, more than 50,000 people have been displaced due to the war and the military is believed to be involved in providing weapons and offering training. Talking about the territorial occupation, the ‘Red Corridor’ area extends to over eight states or more including Maharashtra and Telangana. Also, this conflict has led to the killings of 2700 security forces personnel so far. Reading all of the above points holistically suggests that the Maoist insurgency is a NIAC, as all conditions have been effectively met and the humanitarian law is invoked. This suggests that India is struggling to protect the life of its people (civilians) in conflict-stricken stretches.

The IHL rules were formulated with the goal of balancing military needs and respect for humanity. However, it appears that the Indian Government is not in a position to appreciate the same and has waived its commitments by not ratifying the Additional Protocol II (AP). However, Common Article 3 and also the principles of customary international law remain applicable. Before discussing the implications, the author would like to discuss the reasons for India not to ratify the AP-II. Firstly, the Indian government reasoned that the protocol has a high threshold of application and was not embracing the new category of armed conflict i.e., NIAC per se and Secondly, it felt that there is no need for a separate protocol for NIAC because victims of all the armed conflicts have the right to the same protection, whether international or non-International. Honestly speaking, the above-mentioned contentions are not persuasive and show the reluctance of the Indian government to not be tied up with the obvious responsibilities that the ratification of AP-II would have placed.

Speaking of the Geneva Convention Act of 1960, it failed to protect the victims of armed conflict. The apex court in the case of Rev. Mons Sebastiao Fransisco Xavier Dos Remedios Monterio v. The State of Goa observed that this act does not confer any special remedy but merely indirect protection by providing for the breaches of the convention and it is not enforceable against the government.

Firstly, classifying a conflict as a NIAC and putting it under the ambit of IHL places restrictions on the actions of all the parties to the conflict. Secondly, the Naxalites would be subject to international norms and so will be the Indian government. Both of them can be prosecuted for their violent movements against each other. Thirdly, under the customary principle of human treatment, obligations like prohibitions on collective punishments, prohibitions on violence to life and person, and the prohibition on outraging dignity of individuals will flow. Lastly, IHL obliges parties to follow the “principle of distinction” and civilians will enjoy general protection.

India’s Maoists have been fighting for decades, claiming to represent the grievances of tribal peoples who are still not recognized in the mainstream population. This insurgency claimed thousands of lives and displaced hundreds of people. Although the intensity of the insurgency has decreased considerably in the last few years. However, this issue is still a background debate and therefore the author felt that he should give this ‘domestic issue’ an international flavor and study it in the light of IHL. The NIAC law is still being established and has not reached the zenith. However, the jurisprudence has been put into practice by the various Tribunals and the ICC and has developed considerably well. This means that the Maoist insurgency can very well be studied in the light of the principles of Common Article 3 and customary international law. From territorial control to CRPF presence and chain of command, everything has been investigated and then the author reached to the conclusion that insurgency is a NIAC. Because of some reservations, India did not ratify the AP-II, and objected when, contrary to their belief, the UN referred this rebellion to be an armed conflict. It will not, however, relieve India of its responsibility for human rights abuses and obliges all the opposing parties to obey those laws under the principles of customary international law, as well as Common Article 3.

 

Mritunjay Pathak is a Fifth Year, B.A. LL.B (Hons.) at Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur, India.


https://www.jurist.org/commentary/2020/10/mritunjay-pathak-naxalism-niac/

Chhattisgarh set to have 8 new police camps in Naxal-hit districts amid ‘symbolic protests’


The police camps, part of the 15 the Chhattisgarh govt planned to set up this year, will come up in Dantewada, Kondagaon, Bijapur and Sukma districts. First 7 already functioning.

PRITHVIRAJ SINGH
Security personnel and villagers at a newly opened police camp in Narayanpur. | Photo: Special arrangement
Security personnel and villagers at a newly opened police camp in Narayanpur. | Photo: Special arrangement

Raipur: The Chhattisgarh government is set to open eight new police camps by the end of this year to strengthen its hold in the Maoist strongholds, even as it faces protests against the move.

According to the government, the camps will come up in Dantewada, Kondagaon, Bijapur and Sukma districts.


These are part of the 15 police camps that the government has planned to set up this year. The first seven of these were established in the districts named, apart from Narayanpur, before the Covid-19 outbreak. Five more such camps will come up by March 2021.

“Innocent villagers are being needlessly killed by Maoists on the pretext of being informers. Protection of villagers is the responsibility of the government,” Home Minister Tamradhwaj Sahu told ThePrint.

“Setting up police camps in Maoist-held areas is an important part of the state government’s anti-Naxal policy. Once these camps open, the Naxalites’ stranglehold in this area will start to weaken on its own and other development works could also be carried out,” he added.


A number of villagers have been killed this year.

However, the latest move has faced some resistance in the villages of the areas where these camps are supposed to come up.

Police officers said ‘symbolic protests’ to these camps are being carried out under pressure from the Maoists, adding that this pressure on the villagers will diminish considerably once the police camps start functioning.



Also read: ‘Congress govt has failed us’ — Bastar villagers demand release of jailed ‘innocent tribals’


What the police says

Sundarraj P., Inspector-General of Police, Bastar, said, “A total of 15 camps of the state police are to be commissioned during 2020. Seven camps were already established in the districts of Narayanpur, Dantewada, Sukma and Bijapur in February-March 2020. Eight other camps will be established by December and another five will come up by March 2021.”

Sundarraj refused to disclose the exact areas where the new camps will come up, citing safety and security of the local populace.

On the villagers’ protests, Sundarraj said, “There is great deal of enthusiasm among the villagers for the police camp. However, some people are symbolically protesting under pressure from the Naxalites. It will come to an end after the opening of the camps as security forces keep an eye on all Naxalite activities.”

He said the camps are already disrupting the Naxalites’ supply chain as well as their main pathways of transportation.

“The extent of Naxalite pressure on the villagers can be gauged from the fact that the propaganda related to the so-called protest is being spread through Maoist leaflets themselves. Naxalites want to take advantage of their terror among the villagers,” said the IG.



Also read: ‘Bastar Cho Awaaz’ — Chhattisgarh Police wages poster war to ‘expose’ Naxals through memes


Impact of police camps

The practice of establishing such permanent police camps started in 2016, when 14 camps had been set up in the state. These included camps of the Chhattisgarh Police, the India Reserve Battalion (IRB) and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).

A total of 130 security personnel are deployed in each of these camps.

As part of the anti-Naxal policy of the state as well as the central government, these camps have been established mainly in areas that have heavy Maoist presence.

Security personnel at newly opened Potali village camp in Dantewada. | Photo: Special arrangement
Security personnel near a newly opened camp in Dantewada. | Photo: Special arrangement

Their main objective is to establish suzerainty of the state in the Naxal-dominated areas because the government has almost no access to them until such camps are opened.

These camps also have the responsibility to extend security cover for construction of critical infrastructure, such as large bridges and strategically important roads.

Along with this, once the camps start functioning, the government is also able to provide basic facilities such as ration shops, anganwadi centres, Mitanin centres and implement other development schemes.

According to Dantewada Superintendent of Police Abhishek Pallava, “About 55 camps of CRPF, Indian Reserve Battalion and State Police have been established in various Naxalite dominated areas of the state during the last four years. Out of these, 35-40 camps belong to the State Police and 15-20 camps are set up by CRPF and Indian Reserve Battalion.”

He said this continuous process in Bastar has become a cause of immense trouble for the Naxalites.

This is the reason why Naxalites are now continuously murdering innocent villagers on the suspicion of being police informers. This year the Maoists have murdered around 50 villagers so far,” said Pallava


https://theprint.in/india/chhattisgarh-set-to-have-8-new-police-camps-in-naxal-hit-districts-amid-symbolic-protests/514609/


Wednesday, September 30, 2020

Four jailed for demanding levy of two lakhs in Saraikela


JAMSHEDPUR  

Jamshedpur: Police arrested Jagdish Mahato, Bhaktraj Mahato and Sohan Singh Munda, accused of demanding a levy of two lakh rupees in the name of Naxalites. They were arrested from the  of Mangal Chandra Gorai of Tiruldih under Ichagarh district. Apart from this, the police also arrested Laxmikant Ahir, who was involved in printing the Naxal forms, and sent him to jail.

Also two printers were recovered from his shop. Superintendent of Police Mohammed Arshi gave the above information to the media in his office on Monday. The SP said that at 4.45 am on 25 September, the plaintiff Mangal Chandra Gorai was called and told that the Naxalite form is lying in your house. When Gorai came out of the house, a Naxalite paper inscribed MCCI was lying.

A call was received from the same number at 09.50 am on the same day, in which it was said to give a levy of two lakh rupees to strengthen the Naxalite organization and abduction.

Research was started by forming a team under the leadership of SDPO Chandil on the guidance of the SP. In which the team arrested Jagdish Mahato of Palashdih, Bhaktaraj Mahato of Jaipur and Sohan Singh Munda of Kutam, resident of Ichagarh police station, in two days, who ended the Naxalite form. Laxmikant Ahir of the studio was also arrested on his spot.

Police have recovered Naxalite form, two mobiles and two printers. SDPO Saraikela Rakesh Ranjan and SDPO Chandil Dhirendra Banka were present on the occasion


https://www.avenuemail.in/jamshedpur/four-jailed-for-demanding-levy-of-two-lakhs-in-saraikela/153730/

Maoist involved in over 100 cases held in Visakha Agency


Police presenting Maoist Gemmeli Kamesh before the media in Visakhapatnam on Wednesday.Police presenting Maoist Gemmeli Kamesh before the media in Visakhapatnam on Wednesday.
Sumit BhattacharjeeVISAKHAPATNAM 30 SEPTEMBER 2020 23:08 IST
UPDATED: 30 SEPTEMBER 2020 23:08 IST

Gemmeli Kamesh alias Hari was carrying reward of ₹4 lakh, say police

The Visakhapatnam district police on Wednesday arrested an Area Committee member of Galikonda Dalam of the banned CPI (Maoist), who was carrying a reward of ₹4 lakh on his head.

The arrested has been identified as Gemmeli Kamesh alias Hari alias Malathi (31), a resident of Kumkumapudi village in G.K Veedhi mandal. He was allegedly involved in more than 100 offences reported in Visakhapatnam and East Godavari districts in Andhra Pradesh and parts of Odisha. Kamesh was wanted in 21 including cases including five murders, seven exchanges of fire registered in Visakhapatnam district alone.

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Ammunition seized

Acting on concrete information, the Maoist was caught in G.K Veedhi police station limits and the police recovered a .303 rifle, a loaded magazine, 20 rounds of .303 bullets, 50 kg of gelatin, three landmines, 150 grams of Cordtex, 200 metre of electrical wire, a radio set, a communication man pack, a camera flash, a battery charger, and other material from Kamesh, said Deputy Inspector General (Visakha Range) L.K.V. Ranga Rao.

Kamesh joined the Maoist party as a militia member through his relative Gemmeli Narayana Rao alias Jambri in 2006 and rose to the rank of dalam member. He worked as a guard, a dalam member, ‘Coffee dalam’ committee member during 14 years with the banned outfit. Kamesh has been working as a member of the Area Committee of the Galikonda Dalam since August 2019. He has worked in Galikonda, Korukonda, Pedabayulu and parts of Andhra- Odisha Border (AOB) region, the DIG said.

Crime chart

“Kamesh was allegedly involved in the murders of Sindri Kala at Rallagadda villagein 2014, Sagina Venkataramana of Jerrila village in 2016, Vanthala Balayya of Gudem in 2018, Thambelu Lambayya of Pedapadu in 2019 and Korra Jayaram at Bondapodar in Odisha. He was also allegedly involved in several exchanges of fire at Palagarevu in Odisha in 2015, Ramagruha at Chitrakonda in 2016, Kistavaram of Chintapalli in 2017, Mandapalli of Koyyuru in 2019 and others. Kamesh was also involved in blasting incidents reported at Koraput in Odisha, G.K Veedhi, Sileru, Chintapalli, apart from in an arson at G.K Veedhi, ambush at Gillelabanda. He also allegedly conducted several praja courts in the AOB region,” said Mr. Ranga Rao.

He appealed to the Maoists to surrender and lead a peaceful life with the support of government. Even local tribals are against the Maoists and are questioning them, on why are they against development in the agency areas.

Rural SP B. Krishna Rao, OSD (Visakhapatnam) S. Satish Kumar, Assistant SP (Chintapalli) Vidhya Sagar Naidu, Commandant of 198 Battalion of CRPF K.K. Chand and others were present on the occasion


https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/maoist-involved-in-over-100-cases-held-in-visakha-agency/article32735931.ece

MP tiger reserve now a Maoist stronghold: Police


Bhopal: Kanha National Park, known for high density of tigers, spread across Balaghat and Mandla districts of Madhya Pradesh is now virtually under the control of Maoists,...

Updated: Oct 01, 2020 00:05 IST

By Shruti Tomar,


Bhopal: Kanha National Park, known for high density of tigers, spread across Balaghat and Mandla districts of Madhya Pradesh is now virtually under the control of Maoists, according to a police officer who asked not to be named.

Kanha is considered one of the finest tiger reserves in the country . It has at least 130 tigers and the highest density of the big cats after Corbett National Park, Kaziranga National Park and Ranthambore tiger reserve.

The park was doing well till about two years ago when Maoists facing pressure from security forces in Mahrashtra and Chhattisgarh decided that the dense and difficult terrain of Kanha was a safe haven. Police said that in 2017 the rebels formed a platoon to increase their influence in the region and started inducting locals.

Abhishek Tiwari, superintendent of police (SP), Balaghat, said Maoists’ influence was earlier restricted to just buffer of Kanha tiger reserve, which they used as a route to and from Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra.




“Now Maoists of Vistar Dalam (the platoon) have shifted to the core area of the reserve in Mandla and Balaghat districts and are using it as a gateway to enhance their reach to other parts of MP including the Vindhya region,” he added.

The SP said this was revealed by Maoist leader Badal Singh Markam, who was arrested by Balaghat police after an encounter on September 18. On basis of his interrogation, the police recovered three troves of arms, ammunition and essential items from the core area of Kanha.

A tiger reserve is divided into buffer and core zones with the latter being the most carefully protected one on account of being home to the most animals.


An officer of Madhya Pradesh’s anti-Naxal wing said Maoists’ presence in core area of the tiger reserve is a new and different type of challenge as movement of people is restricted in the core area, which has poor mobile connectivity.

“The forest guards can help but they are scared and are providing dry ration to Maoists,”this person added, asking not to be named.

Balaghat police have issued an advisory to forest officers of Kanha Tiger Reserve asking them to provide them information about the presence of rebels.


“Forest department officials should cooperate with police as it is their fundamental duty,” said inspector general of police, Balaghat, KP Venkateshwar, who has issued the advisory.

He added that the police have assured the forest guards of security if they provide information or action would be initiated against them.

Kanha forest department officials refused to speak on record on the advisory.


A deputy ranger at the reserve, who asked not to be named, said the forest guards have no option.

“Armed Maoists come to patrolling camp located at every 8-10 sq km of core area and ask for ration from the guard. Our guards are unarmed and they have no option but to give them the ration. They can’t put their life at risk by challenging the Maoists.”

MP’s additional principal chief conservator of forest (wildlife), JS Chauhan, said: “Earlier, movement of Maoists was in the buffer zone so it was easy for police to take action but now their movement has shifted to dense core zone and it is difficult for forest authorities to locate them. The unarmed guards, who are protecting wildlife in the core area and living in camps can’t resist Maoists and take risk of their life by sharing information with police.”


He, however, added that all possible help was being provided to the police.

Police officials said Maoists movement increased in and around Kanha, especially during lockdown, when surveillance in the forest areas was low.

The anti-Naxal wing office cited above said a senior Maoist leader, special zone secretary for Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh (MMC) zone Deepak Teltumbde alias Jeeva has been spotted in Mandla and Balaghat regions.

Maoists allegedly killed a 30-year-old migrant labourer in June this year in Balaghat on the suspicion of being a police informer. As many as 800 personnel of anti-Naxal Force have been deployed in Balaghat division to combat the Maoists, the official added


https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/mp-tiger-reserve-now-a-maoist-stronghold-police/story-0OavM2CeTnrQWoERI8eUPP.html

Family dream returning Maoists to mainstream, reversal of vasectomy makes it possible


Maoists earlier forced cadres to undergo vasectomy if they wanted to get married.

Updated: Sep 30, 2020 12:17 IST

By Ritesh Mishra | Edited by Abhinav Sahay, Hindustan Times Raipur

Kadti and his wife Meena are now parents to a child after Kadtis reverse vasectomy was done at a government empanelled hospital
Kadti and his wife Meena are now parents to a child after Kadti’s reverse vasectomy was done at a government empanelled hospital. (HT Photo)

But, the new cadre is resisting vasectomy and therefore, Maoists leaders allow them to opt for oral contraceptives.

Also Read: Chhattisgarh DGP calls for fair trial of 120 tribals in Burkapal attack case

“Reverse vasectomy resulting in child bearing is a success story. There has been a spurt in surrenders of Maoist couples and the option of undergoing reverse vasectomy is one of the main reasons,” said another Indian police service officer posted in Bastar, who was not willing to be named.

Human rights activists said that state police’s initiative should be appreciated but surgery should not be forced either by Maoists or the police.

“I am glad that the concerned persons could reverse the vasectomy successfully. As long as they were not forced to do it, as long as it was their own decision, there is no problem. Problem is only if they did not have a choice in the matter,” said Bela Bhatia, a human rights lawyer working in the Bastar region

During spring of 2007, Dinesh Kadti first saw Meena in a Maoist training camp inside a dense jungle in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district and fell in love. Both of them were teenagers and within a month they decided to get married.

Two years later, they got married in Edesmetta jungle, a core area of the Maoists, after the rebels forced Kadati to undergo vasectomy, a must for the cadre wanting to get married. Kadanti said vasectomy is done to keep the cadre away from the allure of raising a family, which could turn out to be a potential reason to abandon the Maoist ideology.

As the years passed by their desire for a child grew. And when they surrendered before Chhattisgarh police in 2018, the first thing they wanted was to have a child.

“After surrendering, I along with three others wanted to get a reversal of vasectomy done because we wanted a kid and met the superintendent of police (SP). The SP assured help” said Kadati, who is now a constable with the district reserve guard in Dantewada.


In August 2019, Kadati got his reverse vasectomy done in a private hospital in Raipur along with two others and in March 2020, Meena gave birth to a child.

Surrendered Maoist commander, Sannu Katran, said that his vasectomy operation was conducted somewhere in Odisha and he got a reversal of vasectomy done in 2019. “I am waiting for a kid now.”

They are among 10 other former Maoist cadres, who have got reverse vasectomy done and now have children. In all, 23 surrendered cadres have got the procedure done since 2011, said Sunderaj P, inspector general of police, (Bastar range).

“The purpose of providing free reverse vasectomy is to create well-being among the surrendered Maoists because they feel they are a family man now. Many surrendered Maoists have applied for the surgery and we are considering the request one-by-one,” said Sunderaj.

The low awareness of the fact that vasectomy can be reversed is one of the reasons for many surrendered cadre not applying.

Abhishek Pallav, Dantewada’s SP, said, “Some of them are hesitant in coming up and most of them don’t know that vasectomy can be reversed.” As per the surrender policy of the government, reverse vasectomy is offered free of cost at any government empanelled hospital to surrendered cadres.


Also Read: Suspected Maoist killed in encounter in Bijapur, combing operation still on: Bastar Police

A senior police officer, requesting anonymity, said Maoists ask their lower-rung cadres to get a vasectomy done at a young age so that they do not understand the implications of the surgical procedure.

“Procreation is strongly discouraged in the Maoist organisation as pregnant and lactating women would be a liability and love for the child would push them out of the organisation.

“To guard against mass resentment and attrition for want of sexual and familial relationships, Maoists promote marriage and have strict rules regarding the frequency of physical relationships,” Pallav said.



https://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/family-dream-returning-maoists-to-mainstream-reverse-vasectomy-making-it-possible/story-ZwxHRisMME91Fk3X1FPvvK.html