Tuesday, August 30, 2005

QUESTIONS and ANSWERS in Rajyasabha

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS
RAJYA SABHA
QUESTIONS and ANSWERS



(a) whether it is a fact that almost 9000 activists engaged in Naxal activities are active in the country at present;

(b) whether it is also a fact that out of them 6,000 activists are equipped with arms;

(c) if not, the facts in this regard;

(d) the region which have become the main Centres of Naxal activities now; and

(e) the reasons behind these regions coming under influence of Naxalism?


ANSWER


MINISTER OF STATE IN THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS

(SHRI SRIPRAKASH JAISWAL)

(a) to (c): As per available information, the present strength of hardcore naxalite cadres is around 9300. Their arms holding includes around 6300 regular weapons and a large number of country-made arms.

(d): 76 districts in 9 States, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are affected by naxalite violence/activity in varying degrees. Besides, naxalites are also trying to spread their influence in some parts of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Uttaranchal.

(e): Socio-economic disparities, some local issues such as threat of eviction from forest areas, lack of development, backwardness and inadequate/ineffective mechanisms for redressal of public grievances are some of the reasons, which are exploited by the naxalites in these regions in spreading their activities.





Whether Government are aware of this fact that the M.C.C. operating in the State of Bihar has nexus with the Nepalese Maoists thereby posing a grave threat to the security of the country;


As per available inputs, there are fraternal and logistic links between Nepalese maoists and naxalite groups in India. Keeping in view the CPN(Maoists) activities in Nepal and their likely impact on our security, SSB, the Border Guarding Force, has intensified vigil along the Indo-Nepal Border. The States bordering Nepal have also been advised to intensify vigil in, and patrolling of, the areas bordering Nepal to prevent ingress of the Maoist elements. Akhil Bharat Nepal Ekta Samaj (ABNES), a CPN (Maoist) front organization, continues to be banned as a terrorist organization under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, as amended in 2004. Both Nepal and India have resolved not to permit their respective territories for activities inimical to either country. SSB and State Police have so far arrested 36 CPN(Maoists)/their supporters in the current year mainly from Bihar.


STATEMENT REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO RAJYA SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO.3039 FOR ANSWER ON 24.8.2005 REGARDING TRIBALS TAKING TO INSURGENCY AND NAXALISM.



(a)&(b): There is no perceptible increase in the strength of the tribals who are taking to insurgency in the North East or in the naxal affected States. The number of violence incidents in the North-East during the current year till 31st July 2005 has reduced by 5% compared to the corresponding period in 2004. The naxal affected violence has reduced by 8% during this period.



(c): Various steps have been taken by the Government to improve the conditions of the tribals in the North-Eastern States and naxal affected States. These interalia include following:



(i) The State Governments have accepted the policy of prohibiting the transfer of land from tribals and for restoration of alienated tribal lands to them. The States with large tribal population have since enacted laws for this purpose.



(ii) A scheme for raising non-timber forest produce has been formulated to benefit the tribal population who depend upon the minor forest produce. The scheme aims at conservation and improvement of the minor forest produce including medicinal plants by adopting effective production and appropriate silvicultural practices.



(iii) An Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) has been formulated. It, interalia, provides to include new Minor Irrigation Schemes with potential of more than 100 hectares in Non-Special Category States with preference to Tribal Areas and drought prone areas.



(iv) Naxal affected States have been asked to implement the land reforms and Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act expeditiously. Other measures taken are focused attention on integrated development of the affected areas and removal of socio-cultural alienation of people, gearing up of public grievances redressal system and creation of Local Resistance Groups.



(d): The Government has taken various steps to combat the problem of insurgency and naxalism, which inter alia include deployment of Army and Central Paramilitary Forces, coordinated action by the security forces for counter insurgency/naxalism operations, modernization/upgradation of the State Police Forces, reimbursement of security related expenditure and declaration of militant organizations as ‘unlawful associations’. The Government has also extended an invitation to all militant outfits to give up the path of violence and to come forward for talks within the framework of the Indian Constitution.

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