Saturday, February 05, 2005

Naxals should give up arms: PUCL President

Hyderabad, Feb 5 (UNI) People's Union for Civil Liberties (PUCL) President Keshava Rao Jadav today asked the Naxals to surrender arms and stop killing innocent people whom they branded as 'informers'.

Speaking to newspersons here, Mr Jadav also urged the CPI(Maoist) and CPI ML(Janasakti) parties to observe restraint and create a conducive atmosphere for the second round of peace talks.

Mr Jadav also said the police should stop combing operations and 'fake' encounters.

He criticised the state government for its failure to sustain the ceasefire and for resorting to 'fake' encounters.

The PUCL President said that a delegation led by him had met Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and NDA Convenor George Fernandes and apprised them of the situation prevailing in the state.

On the issue of land distribution, the PUCL President urged the government to distribute one crore acre of surplus land to the poor in the Telangana region in a transparent manner.

Naxals aka PWG's killing fields of Jharkhand



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CHAINPUR: If the state is recognised by its brute force, then its presence here, in the form of numerous police posts, might appear overwhelming. But closer scrutiny reveals the truth: that the presence of the state is no real than that of a mirage in the 45-km-stretch from Gumla to Katkahi village, bordering Chhattisgarh. There is no power and the road was built just recently to counter the People’s War, a Naxal outfit.

Villagers and contractors on the way will tell you that the area is a safe haven for members of the PW. Naxal groups have given a poll boycott call. No candidate can canvass without seeking PW’s permission and the outfit has already decided to throw its weight behind Amrit Joy Kujur, a candidate of the Jharkhand Janadhikar Party (JJP).

JJP, incidentally, was formed four years ago with its avowed aim of returning Jharkhand to Jharkhandis. PW’s support to JPP means that no mainstream candidate has managed to canvass in the interior villages. Violation of any kind attracts swift retribution from PW.

This correspondent is accompanied by a commander, who wants to demonstrate his might. On Friday, we sighted BJP candidate Sudarshan’s cavalcade as we were meandering from one village to another. Immediately, the commander sent a message to his men that all vehicles be destroyed, but Sudarshan left unscathed.

The commander, who is convinced about ushering in a new era, admits that the support to JPP is tactical. "We know that Amrit is not going to win. But he is a like-minded youth who has come to our aid in the past. In the process of canvassing, we are spreading our network. If he wins, our dastas (striking force) would have more places to hide in times of crisis. We need villagers and we know mainstream parties never return favour when they come to power," he said.

But there is a caveat to the support. PW does not want its image to suffer. Therefore, a few days before polling, even JPP vehicles would be attacked so that administration knows that the boycott call is for real.

Amrit, now in our vehicle, pleads to the commander that he be kidnapped by the PW so that the right message goes to other contestants. "If I, considered closest to PW, am kidnapped, other candidates would be scared to come out and so would their voters," he says. But the commander is non-committal. He says he has to follow orders.

Amrit wants further support from the PW. He requests the commander to "work on missionaries". "Even though I am a Christian, priests do not like me. You have to meet Father Vincent, who runs an NGO in 34 villages," he says. The commander takes the details and promises that the job would be done. It’s only after getting the assurance that Amrit gets down.

By now, we have reached Katkahi, a big village with 100 families. It is still broad daylight and the commander does not want to stay here for long. As villagers mill around him, he tells them to vote for Amrit and beat up other candidates. Someone tells him about a police raid two days back but the commander wants them to tell the cops how Naxals treat villagers. "Do we threaten and loot you, rape your women?" he asks, referring to a full page newspaper advertisement by Jharkhand police levelling these allegations against Naxals. On the way back, he stops the vehicle for the last time. At a distance stands the mangled BJP campaign vehicles.

Friday, February 04, 2005

Cops surround Naxal leaders, told to return

Cops surround Naxal leaders, told to return

A commando operation by the Andhra Pradesh police, which had the top Naxalite leadership from across the country at its mercy for several hours yesterday, deepened the distrust between the state government and the Naxalites as they try to talk again.
The special anti-Naxalite Grey Hound commandos were called back from Nallamala forest in Prakasam after frantic telephone calls by the intermediaries to senior ministers in Hyderabad and New Delhi.

The episode has left both the Naxalites and the security forces seething and it could further harm the already floundering peace talks
. The Naxalites are alleging that the sole purpose behind the Grey Hound ambush was to liquidate their entire leadership. Ramakrishna, for example, had emerged from the forests for the first time in three decades last year to take part in the now-rocky peace talks.

Senior Home Ministry officials in New Delhi confirmed that the Naxal leadership had been allowed go. Senior Home Ministry officials said: ‘‘Even though talks have been interrupted, back channels of communication are still open. Under such circumstances, apprehending the Naxal leaders might not have sent the right signals.’’

Officials also said that state has been asked to continue engaging the Naxals. ‘‘We hope that this gesture will help the Naxals back to the table,’’ they said.

Some 30 top leaders, including Andhra’s CPI (Maoist) state secretary Ramakrishna and representatives from Bihar and Chhattisgarh were meeting secretly, deep inside the Nallamala jungles, when they were encircled by Grey Hound commandos.

Ramakrishna managed to get in touch with Varavara Rao, poet, the Maoist spokesman and their emissary in the peace talks, on his mobile phone.

Rao told The Indian Express that Ramakrishna called him around 1 pm on Thursday to say they were completely surrounded. He said he had to seek the intervention of Union ministers from Andhra Pradesh—Dasari Narayana Rao, S Jaipal Reddy and K Chandrasekhar Rao—and State PCC chief Keshav Rao and state Home Minister K Jana Reddy.

While top politicians are now denying their role in the affair, the fact remains that the Grey Hounds aborted their operation later in the day with the Naxalites within their sights.

On January 16, the talks had collapsed as Naxalites alleged that the security forces continued to kill their men in fake encounters. The sight of the Grey Hounds led them to believe that they were about to face another such encounter.

Rao said that he and the Naxalite balladeer Gadar had an emergency meeting with Home Minister K Jana Reddy at 4 pm on Thursday and around 7 pm word got back that the Naxalites had been spared.

Said Rao: ‘‘The Home Minister and the DGP tried to explain it away saying that the Grey Hounds were on a routine mission. But we know how close they came to killing our leaders.’’ Home Minister Reddy himself would only remark: ‘‘Police officers have been told to exercise restraint.’’

The Grey Hounds, Rao said, are still in the area, though the DGP has asked the SP of Prakasam district to rein them back.

Over the past month 23 Maoists have been killed in 10 encounters, said Rao. ‘‘They call them encounters, but not a single cop was hurt in any of these,’’ he claimed.

Added K G Kannabiran, a member of the Committee for Concerned Citizens: ‘‘On the one hand they are inviting the Naxals to the negotiating table on the other hand the police action continues.’’

One security official said, however, that the police may never get another opportunity like this. ‘‘What if the talks fail? We may not be able to nab them again,’’ he said.


Naxalite violence continues in Andhrapradesh

Naxalite violence continues in Andhrapradesh

Naxalite violence continues in Andhrapradesh

Thursday, February 03, 2005

Greyhounds trap notorious Ramakrishna; Home Minister Jana lets him off

Shame to you Home Minister and Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Mr.YS Rajashakar Reddy . What the heck are you doing , give order to finish off these pests who has to be termed as TERRORISTS . They use latest equipments to kill our law enforcements and attack our Airforce helicopters , kill our leaders in the name of illusory ideals and slogans . SHAME SHAME SHAME TO YOU CONGRESS LEADERS ....... You are tying hands of law enforcement agencies, it is police who are shedding blood for our freedom and our way of life. REMEMBER SURESH ? Rascals it is because of you India is like this .. People like you should die ..

Greyhounds trap RK; Jana lets him off

In what could have been a sensational incident, special police forces
belonging to Greyhounds ambushed top CPI (Maoist) State secretary
Ramakrishna and other Maoists deep in the Nallamala forests in
Prakasam-Kurnool borders, but finally withdrew from the scene without causing any
harm to the Naxalites following instructions from the State government.

According to officials sources in Hyderabad, about 2,000 strong-elite
commandos of Greyhound, cordoned off the Maoist hideout from all sides
and zeroed in on Ramakrishna, but refrained from opening any fire
without provocation from the other side. They had reportedly even contacted
their higher-ups for permission to arrest or eliminate Ramakrishna.

At the same time, the Maoist leaders, too, did not open fire.
Ramakrishna is understood to have contacted North Telangana Maoist leader
Jampanna from his mobile and the latter, in turn, passed on the information
to Maoist emissaries Vara Vara Rao, Kalyana Rao and Gaddar to bring
pressure on the government to withdraw the police forces.

In the State capital, Vara Vara Rao, Gaddar and Kalyan Rao and
representatives Ganganna and Dappu Ramesh rushed to the residence of Home
Minister K Jana Reddy and held a meeting for over two hours. Apparently the
serious repercussions of injury or death of Ramakrishna in any
encounter were discussed. They added that they would not leave Jana Reddy's
residence till they hear the news of Ramakrishna's safety.

Following the meeting the Home Minister, who was in constant touch with
the top police officials, gave instructions to see that no harm is done
to Ramakrishna or other Maoists in the forests. At around 6.45 pm, Jana
Reddy was informed of the Greyhounds' withdrawal from the scene. He
conveyed the same to the Maoist representatives.

Speaking to mediapersons later, Jana Reddy said he had been obtaining
information from time to time about the movements of the police. He said
he had issued clear instructions to the police to observe restraint.
"When I got the information about the combing operations of the police, I
asked them to maintain restraint. But in the afternoon, we lost contact
with the special party police for quite some time. I asked Director
General of Police Swaranjit Sen to pass on the message. Finally,
everything went off peacefully," he said.

When asked why the combing operation took place, Home Minister Jana
Reddy claimed that the operation was part of the law and order
maintenance. "The police personnel are empowered to go anywhere. They might have
gone there following specific information, but they acted with total
he said. But Prakasam Superintendent of Police Mahesh Chandra
Laddha denied that there was any combing operation.

Thursday's developments followed Laddha's statements made on Wednesday
claiming that Maoists from Bihar had come to the Nallamala forest
region to impart arms training. But Laddha said that no combing operations
were taking place and these were only rumours. Meanwhile in Palnadu
region of Guntur district, which forms a part of the Nallamala forest, the
situation was tense during the day.

Naxal antidote: Land for 1 cr forest settlers

National Network

Naxal antidote: Land for 1 cr forest settlers


NEW DELHI, FEBRUARY 3 In order to counter the growing influence of Naxalites, the Centre has given a go ahead to a Bill that promises ownership right of land to almost one crore forest-dwellers — mostly tribals — all over the country.
Sources said it was the spectre of naxal insurgency spreading to more states that clinched the deal for the forest-dwellers, in the face of stiff opposition from the environmentalists.

It took the Prime Minister’s intervention to resolve the year-old tussle between the environment and Tribal Affairs ministries. On January 16, he called the squabbling ministries and gave green signal for the Bill. Union Ministry of Tribal Affairs is to draft the legislation.

The proposed Bill, tentatively called the Scheduled Tribes and Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forests Rights) Bill, would cover the entire country and the prime beneficiaries would be the tribal population in southern Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, northern Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Orissa. ‘‘It would bring about a quiet revolution in the Vindhyas and leave no justification for the insurgents to exploit the tribals anger against the Government,’’ a senior Ministry official claimed.

The Bill would impact the lives of the tribals in many ways. First, it would rid them of the terror of forest officials and police, and end all apprehensions of their eviction. Second, it would entitle them to all basic amenities like water, electricity, and pucca houses.

‘‘The tribals were treated badly on the pretext that forests were more important, and to add to it, the tribals were asked to prove their claims on the land,’’ a senior bureaucrat pointed this out in the meeting with the PM. ‘‘While there is a law to protect wild animals there was no such law for the one crore people who had always believed they were living on their own land,’’ he added.

The Bill, according to officials, would also seek to end another dispute between the dwellers and the forest department. It would identify all the minor forest produce (MFP) which the forest people are entitled to make use of. At present some state governments don’t allow the forest-dwellers to treat products such as bamboo and tendu leaves as MFP.

The ministry said the Bill would also ‘‘do fine balancing between helping populations and conserving forests’’.


Naxalite emissaries negotiated with Congress Government for safe passage of their leaders

‘Safe passage’ buzz


Hyderabad, Feb. 3: Several Naxalite leaders, including those from Jharkhand and Bihar, were reported to have been allowed safe passage on instructions from Hyderabad after the Greyhound commandos — of the crack anti-Naxalite force — surrounded them in a forest this afternoon.

Among those said to be let off were Ramakrishna, the state secretary of the Communist Party of India (Maoist), Sudhakar Peer, secretary of the north Telengana zone of the rebels, S. Appa Rao, a mediator, and some top leaders of the erstwhile Maoist Communist Centre from Bihar and Jharkhand.

The move comes amid a string of deadly attacks by the Naxalites that has left 10 persons dead in the state after the extremists pulled out of the peace talks with the government earlier this month accusing it of unleashing its forces on them.

The action in the forest coincided with high drama in Hyderabad. Civil activists and Naxalite emissaries Varavara Rao and Gaddar received frantic calls and mobile messages from the Naxalite leaders, claiming they were surrounded by the commandos in the Nallamala forests, about 262 km from Hyderabad between Prakasham, Nalgonda and Mahboobnagar districts, and there was a grave threat to their lives.

The duo rushed to police chief Swaranjit Sen and home minister K. Jana Reddy, who initially denied the commando raid but later ordered their withdrawal.

As an agitated Rao threatened that the state and Centre would face the consequences if anything happened to the top leaders, particularly Ramakrishna, the government assured nothing that would hamper the peace process would be allowed to happen.

The emissaries and mediators of the peace process have put the onus on the government of creating a conducive atmosphere to coax the Naxalites back to the talks table.

“The government should decide whether it is serious about talks or wants to fight the Maoists with guns like Chandrababu Naidu,” said K.G. Kannabiran, one of the mediators.

The official mediator, S.R. Sankaran, a former bureaucrat who recently hit the headlines for rejecting the Padma Bhushan, has called for restraint from both sides.

But violence continued, with four Maoists falling to police bullets in Adilabad district, 340 km from Hyderabad, this morning.

District police superintendent Krishnaprasad Tripathi Ujela said the Maoists opened fire on the police, drawing retaliatory shots that killed four of the 10 activists.

“We have secured several weapons and ammunition besides incriminating literature from the scene of action. The Maoists were busy raising donations from the traders and forest contractors,” he said.

Two more persons were butchered in the early hours today in Adilabad, said the police.

The rebels have stepped up attacks in Karimngar, Warangal and Nalgonda districts over the last four days after a landmine failed to blow up a bus carrying commandos and teachers in Guntur last week.

“They have murdered 10 persons, including five politicians and three advocates, in retaliation for the encounter killings,” said Sen yesterday.

'AP cops out to kill top Naxal leader' -- GOOD JOB AP COPS , KEEP IT UP

GOOD JOB .... Kept it up Guys... weed out these pests from Bharat ! Kick them to China

'AP cops out to kill top Naxal leader'

Syed Amin Jafri in Hyderabad February 03, 2005 21:46 IST

The Communist Party of India-Maoist on Thursday alleged that the Andhra Pradesh police's special anti-terrorist commandos -- Greyhounds -- have moved into Nallamala forest region in a bid to eliminate Ramakrishna, a top Naxalite leader.

The police, however, maintained there was no such move.

CPI-Maoist emissaries Varavara Rao and G Kalyan Rao told newsmen in Hyderabad that Greyhound commandos have surrounded a hide-out of Ramakrishna on the borders of Prakasam and Mahbubnagar districts.

"Anything can happen. If any harm is done to him, the responsibility will lie solely with the state and the central governments," Varavara Rao said, urging Home Minister K Jana Reddy to withdraw the forces from the area.

Director-General of Police Swaranjit Sen and Prakasam District Superintendent of Police Mahesh Chandra Ladha, however, refuted the reports. "We do not know how these reports spread. They are not true," Ladha said.

Rao said that people present in the area informed him that Greyhounds were converging in the deep forest near Chinna Arutla and they had surrounded the place where Ramakrishna and other Naxalite leaders are reported to be present.

The Maoists called off the peace talks with the state government in January after the police killed several Naxalite cadres in encounters.

Seven policemen were killed in a landmine blast by naxalites

Voting begins amid naxal violence

PTI[ THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 03, 2005 08:51:55 AM ]

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RANCHI: Seven policemen were killed in a landmine blast by naxalites in Palamu district of Jharkhand as polling began on Thursday for the first phase of Assembly elections.

The blast occured just minutes before the start of polling in the state.

The jawans of the district armed police were returning after escorting a polling party to a booth at Sarsiva village under Chattarpur police station early this morning when their vehicle was blasted by naxalites, the sources said.

All the personnel died on the spot, they said.

Meanwhile, the polling for Assembly elections in Haryana, Jharkhand and Bihar began amid heavy deployment of Central para-military forces and aerial surveillance in naxalite-hit areas.

Orders to shoot booth grabbers were issued in Bihar as security was beefed up in the three states to ensure free, fair and peaceful voting in all the 90 assembly constituencies in Haryana, 64 in Bihar and 24 in Jharkhand.

In view of stepped up naxal violence and poll boycott calls by insurgents, as many as 262 companies of para-military forces and armed police were deployed in Bihar and 214 in Jharkhand to maintain peace.

The fortnight-long high-voltage electioneering in the three states saw star campaigners, including Congress chief Sonia Gandhi and BJP stalwarts Atal Bihari Vajpayee and L K Advani, criss-crossing several constituencies to woo voters.

Abduction of school children and the law and order situation in Bihar became a major poll issue which gave headache to ruling RJD.

Over 1.42 crore voters are eligible to exercise their franchise to decide the fate of 826 candidates in fray in the first phase in Bihar involving 64 constituencies spread over 12 naxal-hit districts.

Twenty-four constituencies in extremist-infested Garwah, Palamu, Chatra, Giridih and Koderma are witnessing balloting in Jharkhand to decide electoral fortunes of 402 candidates.

In Haryana, where ruling Indian National Lok Dal and the main opposition Congress are locked in a direct fight, nearly 1.27 crore voters, including 58.31 lakh women, will seal the fate of 983 candidates.

In the first elections in Jharkhand, where polling was held in 24 constituencies in the first round of three-phased elections, Naxalites triggered a landmine blast killing six policemen and the driver of a vehicle. More than 50% Jharkhand voters cast their ballots.

Four Naxalites were killed when they attacked the polling in Dandila in Hussainabad constituency in Palamu district. Their bodies were taken away by their colleagues, police said.

In Bihar, which registered about 55 per cent voting in 64 constituencies which went to polls in the first phase, seven persons, including three women and two homeguards, were killed and several injured in attacks by naxalites, clashes and crude bomb explosions.

The Naxalites also looted five rifles and ammunition from the security personnel posted at a booth.

An estimated 60% of the 12.70 million electorate in Haryana cast their vote for the 90 member assembly in polling which was by and large peaceful barring minor clashes in which the driver of a candidate was shot dead in Barwala constituency.

NAXALS : From annihilation of class enemy to contract killings

From annihilation of class enemy to contract killings

Bands of renegade Naxal outfits kill for factional dons, most have names that begin with People's War


Posted online: Wednesday, February 02, 2005 at 0205 hours IST

ANANTAPUR, FEBRUARY 1: In the revolutionary lexicon of a big chunk of Anantapur's Naxalite outfits, the class enemy has taken an entirely different meaning. It now means the enemy of the local factionist don h iring them to kill. Anantapur police say there are only six such outfits in the employ of factionists, but the Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee (APCLC ) has documented 11 bands of renegade Naxalites on the prowl in Anantapu r, for different factionist dons. That is besides the many smaller and spurious ones that sport the Naxalite label, which mostly sustain themselves by simple extortions.

The Naxalite label is important here. It gives them added threat potential, and some very handy local legitimacy. So, most of these outfit s have names with the prefix People's War (PW). On one side, they do the ordered killing and terrorising for their respective patron dons. On the other, they get into village disputes an d occasionally help out with the money and clout, which the don provides , to sustain vital local acceptance. Legitimacy, they know, is the key to survival in this job.

For the dons, the Naxalites began being an integral part of their squads since the mid and late 1990s. These are experienced men who can o bviously do the job better than lay recruits, and are a force multiplier. Plus, the added bonus of their local credibility and aura. So, if one don has a Naxalite band working for hi m, his rival just can't afford not to have one for himself. All this has put the real McCoy, the People's War (Maoists) engage d in their bloody ideological war elsewhere in Andhra, in a serious fix. ''We have absolutely nothing to do with them, and we warn our cadre. Bu t we take action only if our own genuine cadre get into this,'' says Vara Vara Rao, official spokesman for the Maoists.

Among the renegade Naxal bands now working solely for their respec tive factions are the People's War (Red Star), which operates exclusivel y for the Congress dons, and the Telegu Desam Party-owned People's War ( ROC), the dreaded private hit squad of the murdered don, MLA Paritala Ravi.

Vara Vara Rao cites Ravi's case to illustrate how the Naxalite cad re are being won over by dons. ''Ravi managed to get K Venkateswara Rao, who was our movement's state secretary, give an impression that the mov ement must take care of Ravi and his family since they had two martyrs for our cause-his father and brother. B ut once Ravi's actual designs became clear, particularly after he used the movement to plant a TV bomb and wipe out his rival's family without o ur consent, we censured Rao, who was later expelled,'' he says. Even Kondapalli Seetharamaiah (KS), the Naxalite movement's legend ary supremo here, was taken in by Ravi, says Rao. ''We had to censure KS too, and strip him of all responsibilities for this area, for his proxi mity to Ravi,'' he says.

The fall began for the Naxalite movement here, in the early 1990s, with its first splinter squads starting to fight for the dons controlli ng the very system that they had originally sought to wipe out. The splintering commenced with the monolithic People's War of KS s plitting into two over differences about dilution of ideology and sidlin g upto factions. KS headed one splinter group and his lieutenant Ganapat hy the other. Paritala Ravi's TV bomb divided the bigger KS group and it split to spawn the Vimukti Pattam of Vetti Muthyalu.

But Ravi soon got the latter to split again and the PW Re-Organisi ng Committee (ROC) was born. Soon, the ROC itself split, one headed by R avi's man Pothula Suresh who used it as the MLA's own private death squa d. The other ROC group, led by Ashok, split into the PW (Liberation) group of Ranga Reddy. Within months, the Ashok group split again and the PW (Red Star) headed by the then Congres s MLA Kanumkkala Chenna Reddy was born to fight TDP man Paritala Ravi's ROC band.

Not just the dons, but even the police have apparently wisened up to the magic that the Naxalite tag had in much of rural Andhra. ''Some y ears back, the then SP of Medak himself floated an outfit called CPI-ML Praja Party, roping in renegades and surrendered Naxalites. This was used to take on genuine Naxalite outfits, and punish those helping them without bothering about legal niceties,'' says Vara Vara Rao.

The bands often take on each other in the course of their job. Oft en with deadly effect. In 1998, factionist don Peddineni Boya Narayana Swamy had used a 7 5-member squad from the KS group to finish off seven members of the squa d working for his rival Harichandra Prasad, in Kasapuram. But like most professionals, the killer bands patch up quick, even if for survival's sake. Police records put the outcome of this massacre very succinctly: '

'Case was acquitted on 31/3/2004 as both parties effected a compromise, and witnesses turned hostile in court''. Says a senior police officer: ''Running an effective faction with its influence structures, networks and hit squads takes money and logist ics. The factionist dons need to always keep finding enough cash from al l possible rackets and operations. This also means they need the right henchmen to help take on their rivals, and it has to go on and on. There's no retirement from factionism, only

Wednesday, February 02, 2005

Red Alert : Is this really going to be an Indian century?


Red Alert

Is this really going to be an Indian century? An idea whose time has come? Have you heard the Naxal warning bells yet? The enveloping lawlessness and growing disorders of virtually the entire eastern board constitute a grave and urgent threat not just to development but also the country's stability and integrity.

There is a Panglossian obduracy in the refusal to acknowledge and address the realities of the Naxal (left wing extremists) threat in India, and the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, Y.S. Rajashekhar Reddy's plaintive insistence that his government was "open to continuing talks with the Communist Party of India-Maoist and the Janashakti" reflects the political leadership's abject failure to correctly assess the intent and activities of the Maoists.

The problem is not confined to the Andhra Pradesh state leadership alone, and the same attitude of complacent myopia was visible in defence minister Pranab Mukherjee's claim, on January 29, 2005, that "Naxalite activity in Andhra Pradesh and other parts has caused some concerns but it is manageable and there is no need for anyone to panic. The problem is being dealt with."

The centre's idea of 'dealing with' the problem was articulated during the meeting of the Coordination Committee on Naxalism in August last, where a 'multi-pronged strategy' exhorted the states "not to be deterred in initiating talks with the Naxal groups due to initial setbacks", since, once a semblance of peace is established, "state government officials are able to visit the remote corners of the state to undertake developmental works."

But these pat formulations are being repeatedly challenged from within the government, and even Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has gone on record in a letter to the mediators in December 2004, to state that there had been "a virtual collapse of law and order in view of extortion demands, display of arms, encroachments on public and private property and the militant rhetoric of Naxal leaders at rallies and meetings" in Andhra Pradesh.

Earlier, on November 4, 2004, at the Annual Conference of Directors General of Police and heads of Police Organisations at New Delhi, the Prime Minister had warned that the cross-border linkages of the Maoists constituted "an even greater threat to India than militancy in Jammu and Kashmir and the Northeast." He warned, further, that "Large swathes of tribal territory from Andhra Pradesh in the South to the border of Uttar Pradesh and Bengal in the North and East respectively have become the hunting grounds of Left Wing extremists."

Separately, the then Special Advisor to the Prime Minister (now National Security Advisor) M.K. Narayanan had stated that the Naxalites had created a Compact Revolutionary Zone (CRZ) running from Nepal to Andhra Pradesh. And Jharkhand home minister, Brij Mohan Agarwal, complained that the Naxalites had stepped up violence in his state since peace talks began in Andhra Pradesh.

It must be clear, even from these conflicting claims, that current policy on left wing extremism is not based on, or consistent with, a coherent assessment of the situation on the ground and is, in fact, more an exercise in political evasiveness and wishful thinking.

A closer scrutiny of the situation in Andhra Pradesh is edifying in this context. Through the 1990s, Naxalite activities had been largely restricted to the Telangana region of North Andhra Pradesh (10 districts), and overwhelmingly to the four 'heartland' districts of Adilabad, Karimnagar, Warangal and Khammam. Today, all of the state's 23 districts have been covered by the movement, and there is rising evidence of consolidation in the affluent Coastal Andhra region (nine districts) as well as in the southern Rayalseema region (four districts).

These trends were already visible by late 2002, when the then DGP, P.Ramulu, had disclosed at the Annual Police Officers' conference at Hyderabad, that coastal Andhra was increasingly being targeted by the Communist Party of India, Marxist Leninist, People's War [CPI-ML-PW, also known as the People's War Group (PWG), which merged with the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) in September 2004 to create the Communist Party of India - Maoist (CPI-Maoist)]. The DGP was speaking in the wake of attacks on the Anakapalli and Chodavaram police stations, both located in urban areas in the region. During the preceding two years, police sources indicated, coastal Andhra had witnessed 12 landmine blasts, 27 killings of police personnel and 124 other crimes related to Left Wing extremism, at a time when a steep decline was registered in similar crimes in the Telangana region.

The shift has become far more pronounced since then, and is visible in the number of explosions [bombs, landmines and Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs)] carried out by the Naxalites over the past four years (2001-2004).

According to data compiled by the Institute for Conflict Management, in the year 2001, out of the 46 incidents of explosions across the state, 26 occurred in the Telengana region; 15 in the coastal Andhra region; and five in the Rayalaseema region.

In 2002, out of the total 43 incidents of explosions, 21 were registered in the Telengana region; 17 in the Coastal region; and five in the Rayalaseema region.

In 2003, out of the 53 explosions, just 19 occurred in the Telengana region, while there were 17 each in the Coastal and the Rayalaseema region.

In 2004, while the absolute volume of activity declined dramatically as a result of the 'ceasefire', the skew became more pronounced: out of 17 incidents, the Coastal area witnessed eight, Rayalaseema accounted for five, and Telengana had just four.

These trends are backed up by data relating to other offences as well. According to the Andhra Pradesh Police, in 2001, out of a total of 667 offences committed by the PWG across the state, 499 occurred in the Telengana region (74.81 per cent), 113 in the Coastal region (16.94 per cent), and 55 in the Rayalaseema districts (8.24 per cent). By 2003, out of the 716 offences, 410 were in the Telengana region (57.26 per cent), the Coastal region accounted for 214 (29.88 per cent) and there were 92 offenses in the Rayalaseema districts (12.84 per cent).

Further evidence of consolidation outside the 'heartland' during the 'ceasefire' period came in the shape of activities of the revived 'front organisations' of the extremists, the campaign for political mobilisation in rural areas, the building of martyrs' memorials, the imposition of 'revolutionary taxes', and widespread recruitment and training activities.

Reports of pervasive extortion in the Coastal region were confirmed when Prakasam District Superintendent of Police (SP), Mahesh Chandra Ladda, disclosed that documents recovered after an encounter in the district on January 8, 2005, contained accounts of extortion from, for instance, a power plant (Rs. 800,000), Linga Reddy, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) candidate for the Khammam Assembly seat (Rs. 500,000), Manam Venkata Reddy (Rs. 80,000), beedi leaf contractors (Rs. 60,000), the Forest Department (Rs. 50,000), lorry owners of Giddalur (Rs. 20,000) and the Dornala mandal (administrative block) president (Rs. 5,000).

Worse, on December 1, 2004, Police recovered six landmines in the Nakarekallu mandal of the Guntur district in coastal Andhra. The Naxalites had located the mines at a critical point on a route that all police personnel had to take to enter the Guthikonda forest. Again, on December 29, 2004, the police unearthed two dumps with a huge quantity of high-grade explosives in the vicinity of Koondrapalli village in G.K. Veedhi mandal in the Visakhapatnam district in coastal Andhra. According to the District SP, S.K. Jain, the explosive material was adequate to blast 70 to 80 vehicles.

These seizures are no more than the tip of the iceberg, and there is evidence that the Naxalites have used the entire period of the 'ceasefire' to lay out a network of mines and IEDs for future use on all major routes in the state. Indeed, the state's DGP, Swaranjit Sen, on January 20, 2005, disclosed that the Naxalites had prepared mines with an estimated 2,000 kilograms of gelatine, and had planted, or were planning to plant, these at various locations across the state. Confirming reports that the Naxalites had, in fact, mined vast stretches of the state, Chief Minister Reddy had stated on December 17, 2004, that "reports suggest that several roads have been extensively mined."

The impression of peace under the 'ceasefire', moreover, is somewhat misleading. DGP Sen also disclosed that the Naxalites had been involved in as many as 1,405 incidents of violence between May 14 and December 31, 2004. These included four murders, nine attempts to murder and six bomb blasts. Further, during the first 18 days of year 2005, they had engaged in 40 violent incidents, including six murders, seven exchanges of fire, one bomb blast and five incidents of arson.

There is, indeed, reason to believe that the levels of Naxalite violence, not only in Andhra Pradesh, but across the country, are somewhat higher than may be generally reflected in the media. Thus, the earlier assessment suggesting that total fatalities linked to left wing extremism in 2004 across the country had fallen dramatically now appears to have been inaccurate, and it is evident that there was very substantial under-reportage of fatalities, particularly in the states of Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh [See the table on the RHS].

Despite the 'peace' in Andhra Pradesh, total fatalities in the country, in fact, rose marginally from 513 in 2003 to 518 in 2004, according to data released by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) at the end of November 2004.

The sheer scale and spread of Naxalite violence in India (as of the widening spheres of lawlessness due to other factors) is a direct challenge to the country's vaunting pretensions to superpower status, and its ambitious quest for dramatic economic growth and inclusion in the elite club of the world's 'developed countries'.

One-sided economic and demographic analyses have painted blissful scenarios of India's future, and all this may well come to pass. It would, however, be foolish to believe that these outcomes are either necessary or imminent. The enveloping lawlessness and growing disorders of virtually the entire eastern board of the country constitute a grave and urgent threat to the nation's stability, integrity and development.

Ajai Sahni is Editor, SAIR; Executive Director, Institute for Conflict Management. Saji Cherian is Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management. Courtesy, the South Asia Intelligence Review of the South Asia Terrorism Portal

Tuesday, February 01, 2005

Karnataka CM assures protection to MLAs, people in naxalite areas

CM assures protection to MLAs, people in naxalite areas


Karnataka Chief Minister N Dharam Singh today gave assurance in the Assembly that protection would be provided to the elected representatives and people in the naxalite-infested districts of the State.

Replying to a question by Raghupathi Bhatt (BJP), he said the Government had received information about the threats to the lives of Legislators from the naxalite groups in these areas and instructed the police officials to take appropriate action.
He said the Government considered the naxalite movement as a social issue and was taking up speedy development of the region.

Mr Singh reiterated the Government's decision to use the Special Task Force (to curb the spread of naxalite movement in the State.

Monday, January 31, 2005

CRPF chief raises Naxal-Mafia link

Govt talks peace, CRPF chief raises Naxal-mafia link


NEW DELHI, JANUARY 28 On the eve of Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy’s meeting with Home Minister Shivraj Patil on reviving the Naxalite peace talks, CRPF Director General J.K. Sinha has pointed to the nexus between criminal mafia and Left-wing extremists in the state and wants the finances of the movement probed in order to control the menace.
Talking to The Indian Express, Sinha said: ‘‘Criminals and organised mafia are using the Naxal movement to make money. Timber mafia and the organised extortion racket of Bihar and Andhra Pradesh are not only posing as Naxalites but in many cases they are using the services of the Naxal cadre to extort money through kidnapping and smuggling... The money made through such means is in many cases shared by the organised mafia with the Naxals.’’

Sinha, whose 23 battalions are deployed on a long-term basis (three to five years) in Naxalite-affected states, joins a long list of sceptics in the internal security establishment who are bewildered at the now faltering peace dialogue.

The DG said that his force had come across several instances where the Naxalites were in cahoots with the organised mafia. ‘‘Either the Naxal cadre is being used or the money is being shared,’’ Sinha said. According to him, smuggling of ‘kattha’ from the Chatara forest in Bihar was one such example. ‘‘Local forest officials, Naxals and the organised mafia are all involved in this operation,’’ he said.

The CRPF chief said: ‘‘There is an urgent need to investigate the finances of the Naxals if the movement has to be controlled... as the extortion money runs into several crores.’’

His organisation estimates that the majority of timber smuggling in Bihar and Andhra Pradesh is now being run under the garb of the Left-wing movement. ‘‘There is a nexus between goverment officials... Forest officials and other local officials are in hand-in glove with these criminal groups who are using the Naxal movement for their own convenience,’’ he said.

While Sinha has his misgivings over the criminal-naxalite nexus, the UPA government is trying to revive the peace talks but with little success yet. Mediator K.G. Kannabiran of the Committee of Concerned Citizens told The Indian Express that the Andhra talks are in a deep freeze with Left-wing extremists today mining a bus carrying Greyhound commandos in Guntur district.

But with the Congress leadership supporting the talks, emissaries have been sent to top CPI (Maoists) leaders in order to bring them to the table and discuss the laying down of arms in the second round of peace dialogue. Kannabiran, however, maintains that the revolutionaries will not lay down arms and there will be no talks as long as ‘‘police violence’’ against Maoists continues.


Naxalites blew up Venkaiah Naidu's helicopter in Lalu-Rabri's Bihar

Naidu makes emergency landing, chopper blown up

[India News]: Gaya (Bihar), Jan 29 : Suspected naxalites today blew up former BJP President Venkaiah Naidu's helicopter an hour after it forcelanded in a remote naxal-infested area of this district and the leader had left the spot.

The BJP leader's helicopter was forced to land at Paralia village in Barachatti police station area after it ran out of fuel, Bihar Director General of Police Narain Mishra told PTI.

Naidu escaped unhurt in the forced landing but an hour after he left the scene and reached a police station 13 kms away taking pillion ride on a motorcycle, the helicopter was blown up by suspected naxalites who used petrol bombs.

Naidu was on his way from Ranchi to Vishrampur to address a rally at Simaria but the pilot was unable to locate the exact place.

"While trying to find the location where the rally was scheduled to take place, the pilot said the fuel was running out and made an emergency landing in a mountainous area" at around 3 PM, Naidu said.

The BJP leader said as soon as they landed, some locals collected there and warned that the place was not safe for him because of naxal presence and he should leave immediately.

"There was no arrangement for transport and one local gave me a lift on his two-wheeler bike till the police station about 13 kilometres away from the spot," Naidu said.

Naidu said when he contacted the pilot of the helicopter, he was weeping and said that somebody had blown up the chopper by throwing a bomb. PTI

Venkaiah Naidu escapes bid on life:

[India News]: New Delhi, Jan 29 : Former BJP president and senior party leader M Venkiah Naidu today had a miraculous escape when his helicopter made a forced landing due to a technical snag in the Naxal-infested Gaya district of Bihar.

Nobody was injured in the accident, party sources said.

"Naidu is safe. Some miscreants threw petrol bombs and set the chopper ablaze as Naidu was addressing the public meeting," party vice-president Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi said.

Naidu immediately contacted party General Secretary Arun Jaitley who too was in Gaya.

Jaitley informed the District Administration and sought security arrangements for Naidu considering that it was a Naxal-affected area, party sources said.

But no security personnel reached the site for over an hour after, which Naidu left the place on a two-wheeler of a party worker, who had reached the spot on hearing the news.

Naidu was on his way to Jharkhand for election campaigning. (ANI)

Why Maoists are sparing RJD?

Statesman News Service

PATNA, Jan. 30. — Is there a “secret understanding” between the RJD and the CPI (Maoist) Naxalites who had threatened to teach Bihar’s ruling party a lesson just 55 days ago? What has put the rumour mills at work is the way the extremists have so far “spared” the RJD’s candidates and activists in the run-up to the Assembly polls, whereas Opposition leaders have been savagely dealt with by the Naxalites. Till date, it is only the Lok Janshakti Party, the BJP and the Congress’ leaders or Independents, all fighting against Mr Lalu Prasad, who appear to have been the targets of the Maoists. However, the RJD chief rubbishes such allegation of discrimination on the part of the Maoists.

The CPI (Maoist), in its hand-written posters pasted in large numbers in areas like Rohtas, Munger, Gaya, Aurangabad, Kaimur and Nawada, has announced its intention to enforce a poll-boycott, but their actions hint at other possible intentions.

Instead of targeting leaders irrespective of their party affiliations, the Maoist Naxalites appear to be carrying out their drive on a “pick and choose” basis. “It’s not apparently a law and order problem. There appears to be something fishy behind the incident,” was how former BJP president Mr Venkaih Naidu commented today while talking to the Press about his narrow escape yesterday when Naxalites attacked and damaged his chopper with petrol in Gaya district.

And Mr Naidu’s “doubt” does have a basis. On “Black Saturday” when Mr Naidu took a two-wheeler ride to reach safety after having to force-land on a strip of land in Barachatti village while Deccan Aviation helicopter was blown up, the ultras reached the site moments after Mr Naidu had left. And the entire Opposition has smelt a rat. “Why did the extremists not target two other candidates who too passed that route and killed only my party leader Rajesh Kumar? Why are they targeting only our partymen,” asked LJP chief Mr Ram Vilas Paswan who said he would call on the President over the issue.

Venkaiah ridicules Bihar ‘gun culture’

Press Trust of India

RANCHI, Jan. 30. — After going through a nightmare when his helicopter was blown up by suspected Naxalites in Bihar, BJP leader Mr Venkaiah Naidu today said there was prevalence of gun culture in the state and the morale of the police was low.
“While gun-totting people move about freely, the morale of the police in Bihar is very low... I escaped by the grace of God,” he told a press conference here.

He alleged that the Bihar police failed to realise the gravity of the situation and were waiting near the national highway when he reached it by scooter from the spot where he had landed. “The road was one of the worst roads I have ever travelled through.” He also expressed surprise over the police claim that they had inadequate forces despite a BSF camp situated near Barachati police station, under which Paralia village, where he force landed, falls. “If this is the reaction of the police to rescue a national leader and former union minister, we can very well understand the plight of the common man,” Mr Naidu said adding he was undeterred by the incident and would continue his unfinished election meetings today at Gaya, Sasaram and Rohtas.

Yesterday’s incident, he said, was due to the “failure of the Bihar administration system”.
Charging the RJD government for not drawing a line between the party and the government, the former BJP president alleged that he had been informed that some people pose as political workers during the day and turn Naxalites during night in Bihar. He demanded adequate forces for Bihar and Jharkhand to ensure free and fair elections and the deployment under the supervision of the EC.

Claiming that a favourable atmosphere was building up in favour of BJP and JD(U) in Bihar and Jharkhand, Mr Naidu criticised RJD president Mr Lalu Prasad for portraying one side of the Gujarat riots during his election campaigns.

Rethink Naxal strategy, Advani tells Centre

Statesman News Service

RANCHI, Jan. 30. — BJP president Mr LK Advani today felt that the Centre should rethink its strategy to tackle the Naxalite menace. He said this in view of the attack on his predecessor Mr Venkiah Naidu’s helicopter in Bihar’s Gaya district yesterday.

Mr Advani told reporters at the Birsa Munda airport that Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh should immediately convene a meeting with the chief ministers of Naxal-hit states and also have a dialogue with the Opposition parties as well on the issue.

He said that the NDA government during its tenure had set up a co-ordination committee comprising of top administrative and police officials of all Naxal-hit states. This committee met once in three months to review the situation.

The UPA government has devised their own formula which is to initiate a dialogue with the Naxal groups, he said and added that he was not against having a dialogue with these groups provided they give up their arms.

BJP condemns attack on Naidu's copter:

[India News]: Jamshedpur, Jan 29 : BJP today condemned the attack on former party president M Venkaiah Naidu's chopper by naxalites in Bihar calling it an "act of cowardice".

Naidu was scheduled to visit Jharkhand to address a public meeting but his chopper had to make an emergency landing at Gaya in Bihar due to shortage of fuel when the naxalites attacked it. However, no harm had come to him as he was able to leave the place much before the incident, BJP General Secretary Rajnath Singh, who is also the party in-charge of Jharkhand, told a party workers' meeting here.

''There is no place for violence in the country and such acts by extremist groups will not demoralise the BJP workers,'' he said.

The spurt in naxal activities in Bihar and Jharkhand was due to the failure of successive Congress and RJD governments in undivided Bihar who ruled the state for decades without initiating any step to solve the extremist problem.

The law and order situation in Bihar had gone downhill since Lalu Prasad and his 'family' assumed power in the state and the condition of the state was known to all, he said.

The naxalite groups had now spread in other parts of the country, he said and lambasted parties for seeking the help of extremists for political mileage. ''BJP will never join hands with such forces at any cost.'' PTI

Advani slams government for rebel attack on Naidu:

[India News]: Ranchi/New Delhi/Patna, Jan 30 : BJP Chief LK Advani has asked the government to rein in leftist rebels after Maoists burned down a chopper used by a top leader during campaigning in Bihar.

Former BJP president Venkaiah Naidu's helicopter, which touched down at Maoist stronghold Barachatti because of a technical snag was reduced to cinders after the rebels hurled petrol bombs on it. Naidu escaped unhurt from the scene.

The Maoist rebels have vowed to disrupt polls.

"It was very fortunate that nobody got hurt when petrol bomb was hurled at the helicopter. After the incident, I would like to appeal to the Central government to rethink about their Naxal policy," Advani, told a news conference in Ranchi.

India's ruling Congress party favours talks with Naxalites. But the BJP says the government should not initiate dialogue unless the rebels lay down their arms.

Senior Janata Dal (United) leader, Nitish Kumar, has said that the Election Commission must step in to ensure free and fair campaigning in the state.

"This incident shows that all the anti-social activities are on in Bihar and the government is ineffective. In these conditions, the way the election campaigns are being held should be viewed properly. The High court has given some directions but it has no effect on the present state government," said Kumar.

JD (U) president and NDA convenor, George Fernandes, said that another comeback for the ruling government would be a death knell for the state, which many analysts say is on the verge of an economic and social meltdown.

"If the ruling parties come back to power in Bihar, then there will be nothing left to discuss about Bihar," Fernandes said in New Delhi after leading a protest march.

RJD Lalu Prasad Yadav, however, refused to accept responsibility, saying that the state government had warned leaders against venturing into Maoist strongholds.

"We have already warned them to boycott and not go to the areas. What can the government do about it? If anyone, even me, goes to remote and jungle areas, anything can happen," Yadav said. (ANI)

Election Comm'n needs to review situation in Bihar: Naidu:
[India News]: New Delhi, Jan 31 : Terming Bihar a fit case for imposition of President's rule as there was a "total collapse of law and order" there, BJP today said the Election Commission should review the situation in the state at the highest level in view of the forthcoming Assembly elections.

Just back from his election campaineering in Bihar and Jharkhand, BJP leader M Venkaiah Naidu, who had a nightmarish experience in a naxal-infested area in Gaya district after his chopper had to forceland there, said, "There is a total collapse of law and order in the state. And the state government has neither the commitment nor the political will to tackle the situation." "Taking note of this, the Election Commission needs to review the situation at the highest level and deploy adequate paramilitary forces in the state," Naidu told reporters here.

He stressed that the deployment should be done by the Election Commission and not the state government.

Admitting that he was not the target in the attack on his helicopter in a remote extremist-infested area in Gaya district after it had to make a forcelanding after running out of fuel, the BJP leader said, "It was the election campaign which was the target of the extremist groups. They have given a call for boycotting the election.

"And when we landed there, they thought we were campaigning there and the helicopter was attacked," he said.

Naidu also said that ideally the elections should have taken place under President's rule as there was a total failure of the law and order mechanism in the state. PTI

AP politicians worried by Naxal threat


NDTV Correspondent

Sunday, January 30, 2005 (Hyderabad):

The withdrawal of Naxals from the peace talks and the gunning down of Telugu Desam MLA in Anantapur has Chandrababu Naidu and other TDP leaders worried.

Naidu has now apparently asked for a renewal of the offer of NSG cover made to him in 2003.

When L K Advani made the offer of NSG protection soon after Naidu survived an assassination attempt on him by Naxals in October 2003, the then Chief Minister had declined.

Security concerns

Now Naidu thinks his life is at a greater risk. And he apparently does not trust the police in Congress-ruled Andhra Pradesh, with the job.

The request letter was apparently sent by the Telugu Desam to the Home Ministry soon after the Naxals withdrew from the peace talks on January 17.

But what has increased their fears is the manner in which their MLA Paritala Ravi despite having 10 gunmen, was killed.

The party is pointing fingers at the police alleging it helped the assassins.

"We have no faith. The police are under the control of the IG and the government. Where is the safety for our leaders under state security?" said Yerran Naidu, Leader, TDP.

Naidu still moves around in a convoy of six cars, which includes a jammer to detect landmines.

But he no longer gets the green channel which means traffic is not stopped for him.

"How many more lives will go? We don't have any security. No one is safe," said Chandrababu Naidu, former chief minister, Andhra Pradesh.

Living in fear

The state government says Naidu is already the most protected person in Andhra Pradesh.

"Chandrababu Naidu has not less than one hundred security personnel to protect him. My department says he has more security than me," said YS Rajasekhara Reddy, Chief Minister, Andhra Pradesh.

Rajasekhara Reddy himself did not agree to the police proposal to increase his security cover after the Naxals declared all-out war after pulling out of the peace talks.

In these times of fear, politicians in Andhra Pradesh are keeping their fingers crossed while securitymen keep their fingers perennially on the trigger.

RANCHI JANUARY 30: A day after BJP leader Venkaiah Naidu’s chopper was set on fire by CPI-ML (Maoist) extremists at Pararia village in Gaya district, party president L.K. Advani today launched BJP’s campaign in Ranchi.

Despite the rain, the turnout at the rally was more than 10,000. Advani was accompanied by party national general secretary Rajnath Singh and candidates from Ranchi, Khijri and Hatia C.P. Singh, Karia Munda and M.M. Agrawal respectively.

Urging people to vote for BJP again, Advani said he often visited different states for work, ‘‘but whenever I go to Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal and Jharkhand, I feel good because its creation is linked with the fulfilment of the party’s promise’’.

Earlier, addressing mediapersons, the BJP chief called upon Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to ‘‘review’’ the Government’s approach in tackling Naxalite violence. ‘‘He (the PM) should immediately call a meeting with chief ministers of Naxal-hit states and also talk to Opposition parties,’’ he added.

Advani recalled a meeting of the CMs of Naxal-affected states in 1999 at Hyderabad, where a co-ordination committee headed by the Home secretary, with his counterparts from the states and their DGPs, was set up. The panel had resolved to meet every three months to take stock of the situation. ‘‘But the UPA Government has its own agenda and it sought to have a dialogue with the Naxal groups...We are not against a dialogue but we want that they give up arms and place their problems across the table’’.

Later, at the party office, Naidu alleged that the Bihar Police reached the spot where his helicopter was set ablaze after two hours. He also demanded security for the person who helped him, fearing that he may be killed.

Sunday, January 30, 2005

Former Naxal shot dead in Andhra Pradesh

Former Naxal shot dead in Andhra Pradesh

Press Trust of India

Karimnagar, January 30, 2005|10:22 IST

Naxalites shot dead a former Maoist in Mahadevpur area at Begampet village, nearly 50 km from Karimnagar, police said on Sunday.

According to police, about five Maoists arrived at the house of one Vemula Ramesh, 35, on Saturday night and shot him dead suspecting him to be a police informer.

Centre chalks out a plan to tackle Naxal menace

Centre chalks out a plan to tackle Naxal menace


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NEW DELHI: In consultation with the Election Commission, the Union home ministry has finalised a detailed plan to intensify security in Bihar and Jharkhand, due for elections next month. A senior official told TNN that large-scale additional deployment was being made in the Naxal-affected areas to ensure that people were able to vote freely.

The move is being coordinated with the Sashastra Seva Bal (SSB) that guards the Indo-Nepalese border to counter the movement of the Maoists from Nepal.

Although Naxal-triggered violence and pre-poll clashes are not new to Bihar and Jharkhand, serious note has been taken of the abrupt rise in incidents of Left-wing violence this year.

The intensity and scale of violence has been high, particularly after the merger of the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI) and the Communist Party of India, Marxist-Leninist (People's War) in the united formation, the CPI-Maoist, last September.

The pattern of violence, particularly the killings of Munger SP C P Surendra Babu and six other policemen in a landmine blast on January 5, shows that the Left-wing extremism has been spreading to new areas.

The Jharkhand Police foiled an attempt by the Naxalites to blow up a road bridge when they recovered three powerful landmines, switches, detonator wire and other equipment on the national highway under the Risiup police station on January 8.

Three days later, police recovered an unspecified number of landmines, five detonators, 10 bags containing gelatine and landmine equipment in Chitrakauli forest in the Nawada district. Police suspected that the Naxalites might have stored the explosives to create disturbances during the forthcoming assembly elections.