Saturday, September 03, 2005

Naxal love letters intercepted

- By S.A.Hemanth Kumar

Bangalore, Sept. 3: Letters written to a Naxalite by his comrade-lover and recovered by the police indicate that she is facing harassment from her commander and wants to leave the movement to settle down with him. He however suggests that she read up on the revolution and write poems on it.

The Naxalites, Vivek and Bharati, are believed to be operating in the thick jungles of the Western Ghats in Karnataka. This newspaper is in possession of about half-a-dozen letters written by Bharati.

The letters were recovered by the police from one of the two Naxalites who were killed in an encounter in the Mookambika game sanctuary in Karkala Taluk of Udupi district in July.

Bharati writes that she has been transferred from the Karavali squad to the Sharavathi squad. Vivek is believed to be recuperating in an unidentified place in Kerala after he suffered gunshot wounds to his leg during another encounter in the Barkhana forests in January last.

In one of her letters to Vivek, Bharati writes, "I love you Vivek. I want to marry you, go away to some distant place and lead a simple, happy married life. I am dreaming of a house of our own."

Vivek replies: "I will definitely marry you. Do not get disturbed or distracted. Read some literature, mix and discuss with people, write poems on the revolution. Till I come and discuss about our marriage and family, don’t take any hasty decision."

There is also an element of harassment by a third man. Bharati’s letter to Vivek states, "I am being constantly harassed by Kiran (the squad’s commander). He keeps coming near me on one pretext or the other. One night, he came to my tent twice."

She adds: "Taking a cue from him, others are also behaving in a similar manner. I do not know whom to tell. Two girls from Chikamagalur area have run away. I don’t know the reason. Perhaps, they also might have undergone similar kind of harassment which I am presently undergoing."

In another letter, Bharati says, "Nobody seems to understand the physical problems of women. It is difficult to get medicines in Chikamagalur and the Udupi area. I do not know what to do. Day by day my health is deteriorating. I am living because I know you will get well soon and come back to camp to take me."

‘Extremism is not State-specific... Centre must form concrete policy’

Firing line

Arjun Munda, Jharkhand Chief Minister

• It appears that dissidence against you is the work of some disgruntled politicians and they should be dealt with firmly. Please comment.
V P Damodar, Pune

For running a government successfully, we need to have a closely-knit team. There is no dissidence in my government. In a big family, there is bound to be difference of opinion. But all the members have a common goal — development of the State.

• What ‘‘bargain’’ or ‘‘deal’’ did you strike with your ‘‘unhappy’’ ministers so that you can continue being chief minister?
Subhash C Agrawal, Delhi

There is no unhappiness in my ministry and we are all working as a team for the State’s development. And when we are all working for a common cause, where is the question of striking a ‘‘deal’’?

• In the 81-member Assembly, your government survives on a razor-thin support of 45 MLAs. The Opposition has alleged that your support base has shrunk with two of your allies — Jaleshwar Mahato and Ramesh Munda — losing faith in your leadership. How stable is your government?
Diwakar Ghosh, Kolkata

The JDU is an important constituent of NDA, both in the State and in the country. Every constituent of NDA values and cares for each other’s commitments and ideologies. Both Mahato and Munda were ministers during our previous government and hold important portfolios at present. They are both responsible and committed to the prosperity and welfare of the State and have full faith in the leadership.

• Why are several senior BJP leaders, including Yashwant Sinha, Babulal Marandi and Karia Munda accusing you of misgovernance, rising crime and corruption in the corridors of power?
M R Reddy, Guntoor

These people are all very senior and respected leaders. I am not sure whether they have levelled any charges against the functioning of my government or on issues like law and order or corruption. I am working for the best interest of the State in particular and the country as a whole. If there is any scope for improvement I would welcome any constructive suggestions.

• From November 15, 2000 to March 18, 2003 when Babulal Marandi was the Chief Minister of Jharkhand, the state vigilance department launched a drive against corruption during which many government functionaries were caught taking bribe and jailed. No such drive has been carried out during your tenure. Why is this so?
Kamlesh Yadav, Patna

In any government, it is the system that is more important than the individual. A government cannot run on the whims and fancies of someone, no matter how powerful he may be. As and when there is the need, the system carries out specific drive for cleansing. It’s a regular feature of governance and is independent of personal idiosyncrasy.

• In Jharkhand, there is no let-up in Naxalite violence; power cuts continue; roads are full of potholes; and water supply continues to be a problem. Aren’t these examples of misgovernance?
Ashok Kumar, Dhanbad

Law and order and extremism are two different issues. Extremism is not a State-specific phenomenon. It has gone much beyond States and even beyond our country. The Centre will have to come up with a concrete policy in concurrence with the States suffering from this menace to completely eradicate this problem.

As for other development issues, Jharkhand was thoroughly neglected for over 50 years before separate statehood. There was virtually no development in this region due to sheer apathy of the previous governments. The region was always exploited for its mineral resources while its people were left to starve. But now the people of Jharkhand have felt a positive change.

• You recently visited London, Paris and Geneva. Your maiden foreign tour is said to have cost the state exchequer over Rs 50 lakhs. You met steel magnate L N Mittal in London, but is it true that he has lost interest in investing in the State?
Dinesh Dubey, Patna

L N Mittal expressed his interest in setting up a large integrated steel plant in Jharkhand and sent his team of experts twice to the State. We held discussions at the official level. I personally had very constructive talks with him, both in New Delhi when he last visited India and in London. But investments of such magnitude are only made after detailed feasibility studies and due diligence, which is currently being carried out by the company. I can assure you that Mittal is still very keen to set up the steel plant in the State as it has the most congenial industrial environment and the best of resources.

• You sing and play flute. Have you done anything for the state’s tribal musicians, dancers and theatre artists?
Manzer David, Jaipur

To add to the list, I dance as well. Music and dance are part of tribal life. For innocent tribals like me, music and dance is the only form for relaxation. It is music that sets the rhythm of our simple lives. Our government has a separate department to promote tribal art, culture and tradition and we have been receiving overwhelming response from all the people.

• You have succeeded in retaining your chair for over two years. As CM, did you ever evaluate your own performance?
Abhishek Anand, Panaji

Our government has been making untiring efforts to connect even the remotest villages by road, supply electricity and potable water, and make people literate. Our vision is that by 2010, all our 32,000 villages must be electrified, achieve 100% literacy rate, and cut down the number of families living below the poverty line by 10%. It’s a daunting task, but we have the will.

That the people have started believing in us is evident from the interests expressed by investors. The State has firm investment proposals for more than Rs 100,000 crore. Within a month, we will sign Memoranda of Understanding for setting up two large integrated steel plants with proposed investments of over Rs 50,000 crore.


TRS wants ban on Maoists lifted

Hyderabad, Sept. 3. — After differing with the Congress government on the handling of the Naxalite issue, Telangana Rashtra Samithi today demanded the immediate lifting of the ban on Maoists and resumption of unconditional peace talks. “We also demand the lifting of the ban on Revolutionary Writers Association which was never involved in violence,” TRS chief and Union labour minister Mr K Chandrasekhar Rao said here.
Earlier, Mr Rao called on RWA leader Mr Varavara Rao in Chanchalguda jail here.
The developments are significant as a Union minister called on a leader of a banned organisation, especially when he is under trial in several cases, and demanded the ban on the Maoists be lifted.
Mr Varavara Rao was the Naxalites’ emissary during last year’s peace talks. “Don’t we have rights if we are Union ministers,” he shot back during a press meet when asked how he justified visiting a leader of an outlawed organisation. “How can it be a mistake? We are opposing the ban on RWA as it is a group of writers and not involved in armed action,” he said. SNS

Naxal Sympathisers RDF to Observe Protest Week from 12th to 18th September

BELOW IS A MESSAGE RECEIVED from our sources which ,Naxal sympathisers Revolutionary Democratic Front (RDF)is planning to Observe Protest Week from 12th to 18th September , it says "Fight Back the Brutal Repression Unleashed on the People of Andhra Pradesh "

When Crime Rules the Roost…..

Dear Friends,

On 8th January, Andhra Pradesh police took into custody and killed the Executive Committee member of Chaitanya Mahila Samakhya, Lakshmi. After some days, fourteen Maoists in Nizmabad district were murdered by poisoning food through a covert. The Grayhounds police encircled and killed Yadanna, a member of North Telangana Special Zonal Committee of Communist Party of India (Maoist) along with four others. A leader of Telangana Jana Sabha, Sudarsan, and a leader of Telangana Rashtra Samiti, Nalla Vasanth, were killed in a fake encounter. The representative of CPI (ML-Janasakti) during the peace talks, Riyaz, and three others were caught and killed in Hyderabad. The police threw their bodies on the national highway in Sirsilla area and cooked up the usual story of encounter killing. Ravi alias Diwakar, Nalgonda District Committee Secretary of CPI (Maoist), along with his courier, was picked up from Nalgonda district on 22nd September, subjected to inhuman physical torture and finally shot dead in a fake encounter. His body was thrown in Mehaboobnagar district.

The State Executive Committee Member of Patriotic Democratic Movement and a servicing Telugu teacher in Dharmapur high school in Mehboobnagar district, Kanakachari, was picked up on September 24th morning, by a goonda gang, Narsa Cobras, formed and armed by none other than AP police itself, when he was on his way to school. He was then subjected to physical torture throughout the day and eventually axed to death inhumanly. The name 'Narsa Cobras' was etched on the axe. Varavara Rao and Kalyan Rao, both revolutionary writers, were illegally pushed behind the bars on 17th September foisting false and fabricated cases against them, soon after imposing ban of their organization, Revolutionary Writers Association (RWA).

The only fault all the above committed was standing firmly by the oppressed people, sharing their grief and joining in their struggles aiming at changing their wretched fate. These are, indeed, a tip of iceberg of what Andhra Pradesh is witnessing each day and of how Rajashekhar Reddy led Congress government and its notorious Grayhounds are crushing under their iron heels the just revolutionary movement and even minimum democratic voices.

Reddy Stepping into the Shoes of Naidu

Rajashekhar Reddy led Congress Government in Andhra Pradesh, as we all know, reluctantly initiated peace talks with Communist Party of India (Maoist), as it was one of the major election promises of the Congress which raised it to power in the state. The talks between the revolutionary communists and the state government broke down in January 2005, as the latter was not ready to genuinely look into the massive problems of the people, placed by the revolutionaries during the talks, and were unwilling to take any steps to ameliorate them. Instead, it sought to destroy the revolutionary movement by, on the one hand, demanding to throw down of arms and become part of the very same oppressive system which had forced it to take up arms against it and, on the other hand, enhancing its informers network using the relatively 'peace time' in the rural areas as a part of its curbing the movement.
Soon after the failure of the talks, it resumed a crackdown on the cadres and leaders of the revolutionary democratic movement, combing operations on the Maoists, torturing and killing them in fake encounters, forming, arming and engaging private gangs to kill the open mass leaders, arresting and implicating false cases on writers, journalists and other supporters of revolutionary movement and so on. In Prakasam district alone 22 leaders of people's organisations like Andhra Pradesh Civil Liberties Committee, the then AIPRF, Kula Nirmulana Porata Samiti (KNPS), Andhra Pradesh Praja Kala Mandali, and Human Rights Forum were arrested and jailed. RWA district convenor Srinivas was taken away from his home, kept in illegal custody for four days, and implicated in cases unrelated to him. He was produced in the court of law only after a strong pressure was exerted through a fast-unto-death by his family members and people's organisations. The State President of KNPS was similarly taken away in broad daylight and detained for six days at an unknown place. When his family members and representatives of people's organisations took out processions demanding his release, they were lathicharged. He was subjected to electric shock six times in the six days. When the pressure mounted from people, he was implicated in 10-15 illegal cases and produced in a court. In nutshell, it absolutely reverted to unbridled and naked terror that Chandrababu Naidu regime had resorted to.

As a step ahead, the Reddy regime, on 17th August, 2005, has banned eight people's organisations, viz, Communist Party of India (Maoist), Radical Youth League, Radical Students Union, Raitu Coolie Sangham, Singareni Karmika Samakhya, Viplava Karmika Samakhya, All India Revolutionary Students Federation, and Revolutionary Writers Association. The ban order was, in fact, issued even as the jet carrying World Bank president Paul Wolfwitz was approaching Hyderabad airport to a lavish state reception on the same day. It was for nothing other than ensuring World Bank that Reddy government would ruthlessly crush the Maoists who are the major hurdle in implementing the World Bank polices in the state. Interestingly one the very same day, the murderous private gang 'Narsa Cobras' was formed and armed and it announced the 29 leaders and activists of different mass organisations, whom it plans to kill. Following the ban, the state unleashed massive arrests of activists and leaders of banned organisations. Even if, rights organisations and individuals across the state condemned the arrests, calling these an assault on the freedom of _expression_ of writers and thinkers, DGP Swaranjit Sen, giving an indication that more arrests were in the offing, warned that even the Press would not be spared if it gave publicity to Naxalites by publishing their interviews.

The government has not kept its promise of free power supply to farmers and is dodging its implementation by introducing new conditions. Instead of resolving the strike of Junior Doctors, the government suppressed it. Without resolving any of the issues of the APSRTC workers, it has been threatening them through the judiciary. The government employees have been fighting on issues of their salary benefits. This scenario makes it clear that Rajasekhar Reddy has taken over the mantle of the TDP in taking forward the World Bank agenda. That is why the state violence has assumed the demonic forms of fake encounter killings and formation of murderous private armed gangs.

The situation in other states, as far as Maoist movement is concerned, is not far different. The social fascist, CPI (M) government in West Bengal has arrested top Maoist leaders, Sunil Roy, Patit Pavan Haldar and others; Maharashtra police have recently arrested Maoist leader, Madanlal Shankar, along with a cultural activist. All the arrested were subjected to severe torture. In Karnataka, Dharam Singh led Coalition government has killed many revolutionaries including popular leader, Saket Rajan and now it is planning to ban all the people's organisations in the state following the Andhra Pradesh way. Bihar Police have recently encircled and killed six Maoists and two villagers during combing operations. They are not allowing even to hold programmes to raise issues like flood and draught. They recently banned one such hall meeting organized at Patna. Jharkhand police raided the officially registered office of Mazdoor Sanghatan Samiti and arrested five mass leaders including the Executive Committee member of RDF, Jeetan Marandy and a trade union leader B.P. Rakshit. Recently the Chhatisgarh government has announced that it would ban in the coming assembly session the CPI (Maoist) and other people's organizations working amongst the adivasis.

More the Repression, More the Resistance


As the repression on already oppressed people increases, it naturally induces the mass resistance against it. When masses are left with no legal and democratic space, they are forced to choose violent means. This is what is exactly happening with the people of Andhra Pradesh and other states. They are fighting back the onslaught employing all possible means. Telangana, Naxalbari and Shrikakulam have shown them the path of liberation and they are rigorously marching on it under the leadership of Maoist revolutionaries. The renewed fascist attack on their movement will not be able to stop this march towards total liberation from oppression, exploitation and state violence which is being perpetrated with impunity. But, it is the time for us to think and decide which side we stand by, either by oppressor of by oppressed, either by ruler or by ruled.

Let us firmly stand by the oppressed people who are waging struggles under the leadership of Maoist forces across the country and join hands with them. Let us strongly condemn and protest against the attack on their rights and support their resistance struggle. Let us observe a Protest Week throughout the country, from 12th September onwards against repression on the revolutionary and democratic movement all over India especially in Andhra Pradesh.

Lift the Ban on Communist Party of India (Maoist) and other Mass Organisations.
Release Revolutionary Writers, Varavara Rao, Kalyan Rao Unconditionally
Release the Political Bureau Member of CPI (Maoist), Sushil Roy and Other Revolutionaries
Stop Killing of Revolutionaries in Fake Encounters
Stop Covert and Combing Operations.
Withdraw All False Cases Filed on Mass Organisations' Activists

Contact: 67A; Rameshwar Nagar, Azadpur, Delhi.
Phone: 011-27675001;

Minister Chandrasekhara Rao meets Maoist sympathiser in jail

Hyderabad: Indian Labour Minister K. Chandrasekhara Rao Saturday called on Maoist sympathiser and revolutionary writer Varavara Rao at the Chanchalguda central jail in the Andhra Pradesh capital.

Two days after appealing to Congress president Sonia Gandhi, the chairperson of the United Progressive Alliance (UPA), to lift the ban on Maoists, Chandrasekhara Rao visited the high-security jail and called on Varavara Rao.

He is also likely to meet Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy and Home Minister K. Jana Reddy to request them to release Varavara Rao and withdraw the cases against him.

Chandrasekhara Rao, who heads the Telengana Rashtra Samiti (TRS), said Varvara Rao's wife P. Hemalatha had requested him to intervene and seek his release.

She told him that her husband was unwell and had been falsely implicated by the police.

The revolutionary writer was arrested Aug 19 after the government re-imposed a ban on the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) and its frontal organisations including the Revolutionary Writers' Association or Virasam.

Varvara Rao, one of the founders of Virasam, was taken into custody along with Virasam president Kalyan Rao.

The duo had acted as emissaries of the CPI-Maoist in last year's peace talks with the state government and were facing several criminal charges including one relating to the killing of a police constable by Maoists.

Chandrasekhara Rao's move appeared to be aimed at winning the hearts of Maoists who were annoyed with his silence over the ban and the TRS' continued participation in the Congress-led government in New Delhi despite the demand of a separate Telengana state not being fulfilled.

TRS, which is fighting for separate statehood to the backward Telangana region, had pulled out of the Congress-led government in the state in July after the Maoists issued an ultimatum and even shot dead a party leader in the Karimnagar district.

But the party did not snap its ties with the Congress in the central coalition.

Chandrasekhara Rao had Friday announced in New Delhi that TRS would go it alone in the municipal elections later this month, and would review its support to the central government.

16 naxalites held after encounter in Bihar

Press Trust of India

Gaya, September 3, 2005

Sixteen extremists of the banned CPI (Maoist), including a woman, were arrested after an encounter with the police in Bihar's Gaya district, police said on Saturday.

Sixteen naxalites were arrested late last night after an encounter with the special task force at Azadnagar of the district, SP Sunil Kumar Jha said.

He said 15 detonators, one gun, a country-made carbine, 300 rounds of ammunition of different calibre, police uniforms and naxalite literature were seized from them

Learn Truth from Facts

Saturday September 3 2005 17:41 IST

T J S George

Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee is the new face of India. In fact he is more. He is a bit of a miracle. In a world of 19th Century minds, he has projected 21st Century ideas and still managed to stay firmly in power. (So far.)

Just look at the man's astonishing pronouncements. "Reform, perform or perish," he said. "Marxism is not a dogma, it's a science," he said. "We have to learn truth from facts," he said. "I don't see the colour of capital," he said. For the first time in India, we hear practical commonsense from a confirmed communist mouth.

In Indian terms, this is biplab, revolution. When Manmohan Singh took the reform route to free us from decades-long socialist mismanagement, he had the backing of his Prime Minister, Narasimha Rao, and the bulk of his party. Today when BB talks reform, he has his comrades snapping at him. That's why the courage of his new-found conviction is more laudable than Manmohan Singh's.

Will he change the face of his party as well? It's a historic coincidence __ if it's coincidence at all __ that a dogmatist like Prakash Karat and a pragmatist like BB have risen to the top at the same time. If they are fighting, one will lose. On the other hand, it is conceivable that they may not fight and both may win. That would mean a new kind of ideological mix offering an improvement over Deng Xiaoping's communism.

After all, Deng's I-don't-see-the-colour-of-cats philosophy is severely circumscribed by an authoritarian one-party political system. India's big plus point is its democracy. A non-exploitative egalitarian system that accepts the checks and balances of democracy may be what the world is waiting for. And may be India's new generation Leftists have the opportunity to device just such a system.

Since BB is already speaking in the accents of Deng, let us remember that Deng was first and foremost a Communist ideologue. Mao had designated him chief ideological spokesman and Deng's mastery of presenting arguments had won for him Mao's life-long admiration.

But Deng was also unbeatable in courage and innovativeness. In 1975, when Mao was still alive, Deng summoned the courage to oppose Mao's tyrannical wife Jiang Qing who controlled all aspects of culture. It was the riskiest thing he could do, yet he did it. In 1978 when he finally took charge of post-Mao China, his first priority was to tackle the famine that had been plaguing China's two major provinces, Sichuan and Anhui. Famine had raged there for nine horrible years, farmers had taken to begging and children were dying everywhere. Deng sent two of his handpicked "technocrats" to these provices. They ended the famine in one year. The solution was simple: Abolish the communes, and give farmers their own plots of land and a share in the profits.

This was not communism. It was governance. It stopped deaths and begging. Poverty, as Deng said, is not communism. Starvation is not communism. Only by recognising prosperity as communism will communism survive. BB is moving for prosperity in Bengal. The deals he has struck include a health city near Dum Dum, an industrial township, a biotechnology park. In the offing are a drinking water recycling plant, low-cost housing, a modern dairy, a paper mill. This means progress, jobs, prosperity.

If this man wins, communism wins. Pragmatic communism, that is, not violent communism of the Naxal kind or egocentric communism of the Kerala kind. BB must win __ for India's sake

Elections in Bihar on October 18

Onkar Singh in New Delhi | September 03, 2005 15:49 IST
Last Updated: September 03, 2005 16:07 IST

The Election Commission on Saturday announced that assembly elections in Bihar will be held in four phases beginning October 18.

Addressing the media in New Delhi, Chief Election Commissioner B B Tandon said first phase of polling will be held on October 18, the second on October 26, the third on November 13 and the last phase on November 19.

"The phasing has been done keeping in mind the security situation in the state. The condition has not changed from what it was during the previous polls," said the CEC.

"The first phase will cover 61 constituencies in 11 districts and four constituencies in Patna district. This phase will cover the entire Naxal belt," Tandon said.
Read our 2005 assembly election coverage

Polling for the second phase, on October 26, will cover 61 districts.

Polling for the third phase, on November 13, and will cover 72 constituencies and the fourth phase, on November 19, will cover 41 constituencies.

Counting will be on November 22.

Tandon said the gap between the second and third phases is because of Diwali and other holidays in the period.

Tandon said the model code of conduct will come into force with immediate effect.

This will be applicable to all the political parties, the Bihar government and the Centre with respect to Bihar.

Out of 243 assembly seats , 39 are reserved for the scheduled castes, he said, adding that clean-up of the electoral rolls had to be completed before elections. This included deletion of names of dead and duplicate voter names, besides expediting the execution of pending non-bailable warrants.

Tandon said as of August 31, 26, 400 warrants were pending execution.

A special drive to unearth illegal arms will also be conducted to take out a list of anti-social elements before elections, he said, adding that voter identity cards will be mandatory on polling booths.

Till date 67 per cent of the population had been covered.

Kundapur: Naxalites Threaten to Blast Shankarnarayana Police Station

Daijiworld News Network - Kundapur (GA)

Kundapur, Sep 3: The Naxalites are hitting the headlines once again. This time they are seen in Shankarnarayana after a gap of almost 3 months. The locals said that they are going about in disguise.

A group of 15 Naxalites visited an agriculturist’s house at Rattadi near here and conducted a meeting. They even said that they are yet to avenge the death of two of their colleagues who died in a police encounter, a couple of months ago. They also asked the villagers to support them. They even said that they are prepared to blast the Shankarnarayana police station.

It is said that life has been difficult for Naxalites in Hebri, Chikmagalur and adjacent areas where people are opposing them and have formed various forums in order to chase out Naxalites. So they have moved over to Shankarnarayana and other remote areas near Kundapur to take shelter. It is said that a group of 30 Naxalites possessing sophisticated arms are going about in the forest areas of Shankarnarayana, Amavasebail etc.

So the residents of Rattadi, Amavasebail, Devarbal etc are in a state of dilemma and panic. They do not want to support the Naxalites nor would they like to be friendly with them. On the other hand the continuous round-ups and probes by Anti Naxal Force too are bothering them a lot. The locals said that even after knowing about the Naxal movements in these areas, the police are not doing anything substantial to curb the menace. They are complaining that ANF is busy probing people instead of carrying out combing operation.

Friday, September 02, 2005

Police warn of Naxalite plot

TS Sudhir

Friday, September 2, 2005 (Hyderabad):

Police in Andhra Pradesh have said Naxalite rebels are plotting to target VVIPs in Hyderabad.

The rare admission that the enemy is at the doorstep comes after a recent ban on the rebels.

"There are some hit squads, which are targeting certain VVIPs. It is not that they are targeting only the chief minister. Others are also under threat. At least two to four of them,'' said Swaranjit Sen, DGP, Andhra Pradesh.

The Andhra Pradesh government thought banning the Naxals would help contain them better. But it doesn't seem to be so.

Police sources say former chief minister Chandrababu Naidu is also on the hit list of the rebels. In fact, Naidu no longer relies on the state police for his protection. The paramilitary National Security Guards are deployed to guard him.

"They are having intelligence. That has to collect information irrespective of political affiliations. If they protect only Congress people and leave out the others, it is not correct,'' said Naidu.

The police have rejected his fears and said the force is capable of protecting any VVIP.

"I do not know why NSG was sent for his security. In fact, we never asked for it. There seems to be really no need for some other agency to come and operate in our area,'' said Sen.

Many top politicians in Andhra Pradesh have already restricted their movements outside the capital Hyderabad since the ban on the rebels.

Police fury over naxal activities in Pavagada -Andhra borders

DH News Service Tumkur:

Base camps along the Pavagada-Andhra borders provide training and weapons to naxalites who carry out activities in malnad and coastal areas.

Police officer could no more bear the naxal menace in Pavagada and their fury over the naxal base has created tensed atmosphere in the taluk. Pavagada near Tumkur was considered safe place for the naxalites after naxalism was banned in Andhra Pradesh.

History of naxalism in Pavagada dated back to 1970s and it reached its extreme point on 10 February 2005, when the naxalites attacked KSRP 9th betallion in Venkatammanahalli village in Pavagada taluk and killed seven armed policemen and a youth. The maoists have extended their activities to other parts of Karnataka, especially malnad and coastal areas.

“The government has not paid attention to the development of Pavgada taluk and let the government provide food and employment, naxalism will gradually decline” said V S Ugrappa, a Congress leader and MLC. “Pavagada is the base for naxalism that spread across the state and corruption was also main reason for the increasing naxal menace,” he added.

“Preface to naxal activities in Malnad is written in Pavagada,” commented a police officer recently.

It is said that bombs and other ammunition were prepared in the camps situated along Pavgada-Andhra border and whenever the naxalites required guns they attacked police stations. These camps act as store-house of guns and training centre from where the trained naxals go to Malnad and coastal areas, said some police officers who wanted to remain unanimous.

“Here is the centre of naxalism and its tail has stretched to the other end of the state; now, we have to chalk out strategies to eradicate naxalism from its root itself,”opined many officers.

Pavagada, surrounded by hills, is rather conducive to nurture naxalism and a suitable place to produce arms and ammunition secretly. But newly appointed DGP is furious over the issue and even the chief of police in the State has personally witnessed the naxal problems in Tumkur.

Harishekharan, who is appointed District Superintendent of Police in Tumkur hails from Raichur which also suffered naxal menace. Both the police officers are well aware of the nature of the problem as well as geography that nurtured the problem. If they could get rid of the naxal menace in Pavagada, people even in Malnad and coastal areas could find some solace amidst the lustrous green.

Naxals make merry as top cops fight each other

Saturday September 3 2005 00:00 IST

BANGALORE: The Naxalites in the State, who already have a firm foothold in the Western Ghats, are now having an free run, proof of it being that they are expanding their operations to Uttara Kannada district also.

As per available information, Naxal activities are spreading to places like Sirsi, Siddapur, Banavasi and Yellapura where Naxals have gone into an intensive recruitment drive.

Now, the cadres are targeting VVIPs and intelligence inputs hint at plans of kidnapping some MLAs from this region. However, the Government is still in two minds. Despite hard talk by policemen and politicians, it is still deciding whether to go after them or not.

For one, the much hyped Anti-Naxal Force (ANF) has remained a non-starter. Worse, top police officials are indulging in mudslinging instead of working out a strategy to counter the growing strength of Naxals.

At the moment, ANF has no armoury, no space to train cops for the operation and the vehicles are defunct due to non payment of insurance premium.

Interestingly, the ANF Commander has no financial power, leaving the post in ‘limbo’. The trouble with ANF formation began when the Government appointed DIG Jayaprakash V Nayak as its Commander in May this year. During his first visit to the field, Nayak found out that ANF was in shambles as the personnel from STF formed to nab forest brigand Veerappan were highly ‘demoralised and dissillusioned’.

He shot off a fax message to his superiors and returned for a detailed discussion on the subject. Though a meeting was held on May 22, attended by all senior police officials, important issues like control, structure of ANF, role, power and responsibilities of the Commander and administrative relationship between the SPs of 13 Naxal affected districts were not discussed. Instead, heated debates took place on where the ANF Commander should have his headquarters - Bangalore or Chitradurga.

While Nayak wanted the headquarters to be in Bangalore in order to take up various issues including training, the Home Secretary, ADGP Intelligence and ADGP Law and Order preferred Chitradurga. Even now, there are debates on where ANF SP should function from - Karkala or Udipi.

In July, before proceeding to US on a personal visit, Nayak shot off a letter to the then Chief Secretary K K Misra, explaining the problems he was facing and the growing discontent among the ANF personnel. Nayak also stated that the then DG&IGP and ADGP (Intelligence) expressed their displeasure over his earlier fax message, where he had put the facts in black and white.

Meanwhile, Nayak’s visit raised a controversy in the State, forcing him to cut short his tour. In a DO letter to the DG&IGP, Nayak charged that there was ‘systematic attempt’ by a ‘coterie’ of police officers, particularly Intelligence Chief D V Guruprasad, to destroy him.

He also accused DG&IGP of becoming a part of the ‘coterie’. While war among the top officials is continuing, it seems the Naxals are having the last laugh. For the anti-Naxal drive statements of the Government seems to remain only on paper

Indian and Nepali Maoists vow to fight together


Kathmandu, September 2: Maoist rebels in Nepal and India have vowed to join together to promote communism, reinforcing fears that the bloody insurgency in the Himalayan kingdom could spill over into its neighbour.
Nepali Maoist chief Prachanda and his Indian counterpart Ganapathy accused the governments of the two countries of trying to crush their movements.

"We pledge to fight unitedly till the entire conspiracies hatched by the imperialists and reactionaries are crushed and the people's cause of socialism and communism (is) established in Nepal, India and all over the world," they said in a joint statement e-mailed to journalists late on Thursday.

"We two Maoist parties solemnly appeal to the entire oppressed masses, the world over, and Nepal and India in particular, to raise their voice against every evil design of imperialism and expansionism to repress the revolutionary cause of the oppressed people in Nepal and India," it said.

Kathmandu says that Nepali Maoists, fighting since 1996 to replace the Hindu monarchy with a communist republic in Nepal, receive support from Indian Maoist groups fighting for the rights of landless peasants.

Indian security agencies have also been worried about Maoists in the two countries working together and blame them for several raids on Indian police stations on the India-Nepal frontier.

The nine-year insurgency has killed more than 12,500 people in Nepal, while more than 6,000 people have died in the decades-old Maoist campaign in India.

Nepal's King Gyanendra sacked the government and seized power in February, accusing politicians of failing to crush the Maoist revolt. But violence has continued unabated in the mountainous country wedged between India and China.

Last month, Andhra Pradesh outlawed the Communist Party of India (Maoist), led by Ganapathy, after the leftist extremists killed 10 people, including a provincial lawmaker and a bureaucrat.

The rebels remain active in Andhra Pradesh and about half a dozen other Indian states.


Crimson challenge... how it all began


Sir, — In his article “The Maoist Threat” (27-28 August), Lt-Gen(retd) JR Mukherjee is somewhat inaccurate in his assessment of the origins and evolution of the Naxalite movement in West Bengal. As SDO, Siliguri, in 1967, and as Additional DM and DM from 1968 to 1972, I had the experience of facing the movement in Nadia and Midnapore. In a sense, the CPI-M was responsible for the rise of extremism in the wake of a serious intra-party feud. There were two distinct factions — one clamouring for an armed uprising and the other wanting to follow the parliamentary path.

On 9 February 1967 — the eve of the Assembly elections — the state’s Intelligence Branch had in a note warned the district officials of the CPI-M’s plan to “launch militant movements for the overthrow of the (Congress) government...” The party had calculated that PC Sen would again form the government, but the Congress would not gain a huge majority in the new Assembly. As it turned out, the Congress was defeated and the first United Front government was installed. In the post-election euphoria, Jyoti Basu, Harekrishna Konar and Promode Dasgupta forgot to call off their pre-election pledge on a violent movement.

Kanu Sanyal and Jangal Santhal were already underground with no contact with the CPI-M headquarters at Alimuddin Street. The tribals, encouraged by the CPI-M’s election-eve promise that land would be occupied forcibly, started the movement in Naxalbari.
Land was indeed forcibly occupied, guns snatched and Congressmen attacked. When Jangal Santhal beat up Iswar Tirkey, the Bangla Congress election candidate, chief minister Ajoy Mukherjee was furious. Harekrishna Konar, the land and land revenue minister, rushed to Siliguri and held late night meetings at the Sukna forest bungalow. But Kanu Sanyal would not listen. Charu Mazumdar refused to meet Konar, calling him a renegade.

On 24 May 1967, Kanu’s tribals killed Sonam Wangdi, a police inspector. The next day, 13 tribals died in police firing. Over the next three months, all the leaders were arrested and Naxalbari became peaceful again. Thus was an agrarian uprising crushed by the CPI-M.

The unconditional release of the Naxalites by the second UF government in early 1969 led to the formation of the CPI(ML). What began as an agrarian movement soon acquired a sinister character. A sitting High Court judge, a vice-chancellor, a law secretary to the government, Congressmen and police constables were killed by the Naxalites.

Still more brutal was the police reprisal, notably the mayhem at Baranagar, the killing of Saroj Dutta and Charu Mazumdar’s death in custody.

— Yours, etc., Dipak Kumar Ghosh, IAS (retd)
Kolkata, 27 August.

TRS rethinking on support to UPA govt

PTI New Delhi Sept 1: The Telangana Rashtra Samithi chief and Union minister, Mr K Chandrasekhara Rao today said that the time has come for him to decide whether to continue in the United Progressive Alliance coalition or not.

Talking to reporters after a meeting with the UPA chairperson, Ms Sonia Gandhi, Mr Rao said that the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister, Mr Y S Rajasekhara Reddy has been adopting an anti-Telangana attitude and it was very difficult for him to accept his views.’’

“That’s why we feel that the time has come for us either to form Telangana or start an agitation by leaving the UPA,” he said.

Mr Rao, whose party has five members in the Lok Sabha, has been spearheading a campaign for a separate Telangana.

In a memorandum submitted to Ms Gandhi, Mr Rao urged her to instruct the state government to lift the ban imposed on the Maoists.

Asked whether he was disappointed that no significant progress was made towards the formation of Telangana, he said, “Hope and despair is not the issue. We have to take a diplomatic decision. Some people agree and some don’t. We have to take those not agreeing to it along with us. By evolving a consensus we have to move forward.”

Mr Rao took serious exception to Mr Reddy’s reported remarks that the demand for the separate Telangana state was gradually waning because of the development measures initiated by his government.

He said that the Chief Minister was now contravening the stand taken by him when an understanding had been brokered by the Congress high command in July.

“The Chief Minister had campaigned in the elections wearing our rose colour cloth. Moreover, he had agreed to leave the issue of Telangana to Ms Sonia Gandhi when we reached an agreement. It’s not the Telangana demand but Mr Reddy who will be out of sight,” he said.

Saying that the Chief Minister’s attitude had been difficult for him to accept, he said that he would meet the Nationalist Congress Party leader, Mr Sharad Pawar and the Rashtriya Janata Dal chief, Mr Lalu Prasad and discuss whether he should to continue in the UPA or not. “We cannot take this any more.”

On the Naxal issue, Mr Rao said that the experience in the three decades has shown that the policy of bullet to bullet did not succeed to control the problem.

“Even the Punjab problem was solved by taking people into confidence. Talks are now held with NSCN leaders to solve the Naga issue. In neighbouring Sri Lanka, the government has asked the LTTE to come for talks even after the assassination of the foreign minister. This shows that dialogue is the only solution,” he said.

He said the various steps taken by the police after reimposition of the ban on the Naxals was unleashing a rein of terror in villages in Andhra Pradesh, Mr Rao said that the ban should be lifted and talks resumed.

Naxal sympathisers up the ante

Friday September 2 2005 11:31 IST
BHUBANESHWAR: The Naxal sympathisers were far outnumbered by the cops but the heavy security arrangement at the meeting venue did not seem to cow them down.

The Andhra Pradesh Government may have turned the heat on the radicals, but pro-Naxals here went public with their demands at a rally here on Thursday.

The second such public meeting - the first one was almost a year back at the same venue - slammed the State Government claiming it oppressive.

“The State Government’s commitment to withdraw 11,424 Forest cases, 2,531 criminal cases and 34 Naxal cases against tribals has remained promises only. On the contrary, it has revoked criminal cases against 56 MLAs and ministers,” they alleged.

“This year alone, 300 persons from western and southern districts have been arrested under false charges.” In Jujumara, a 15-year-old boy and a 65-year-old woman have been arrested and are languishing in jail along with 100 other innocent tribals, they added.

The sympathisers alleged that security forces raped a woman in Ramnaguda. They demanded immediate withdrawal of CRPF and India Reserve Battalion (IRB) from tribal areas along with abandoning the proposal to set up another IRB.

Convener of Daman Pratirodh Manch, which spearheaded the rally, Dandapani Mohanty said the Government had tried to prevent the tribals from participating in the meeting by detaining them at railway stations.

But such tactics would trigger more resentment and fuel the ‘revolutionary movement’, he stated.

Submitting a memorandum to Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik, the sympathisers demanded enactment of an AP like law for total prohibition of land transfer of tribals.

They also demanded release of all the four convicts in Mandrabaju firing cases.

All naxals leaders will be nabbed: Minister

Tirupati, Sep 1 : Andhra Pradesh Home Minister K Jana Reddy today exuded confidence in nabbing all the leaders of the banned naxal outfits in the state.

In an informal chat with newsmen at Puttur, about 50 kms from here, Mr Reddy said the special action team formed to deal with naxals was doing well.

On the threat to eliminate former Indian Cricket Captain Azharuddin, Mr Reddy said necessary police protection had been extended to him. Efforts were on to nab the culprits, he added.

Earlier, addressing an election meeting for local body polls, Mr Reddy hit out at former Chief Minister N Chandrababu Naidu for having shown keen interest only in technolgy forgetting the common man.

He said the Congress Government was fulfilling all its promises made at the time of the Assembly elections and the government would extend assistance to the poor and needy besides taking up various developmental works for them.

We want role in development, cops tell PM -- Very GOOD


NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 1 Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s interaction with SPs turned a brainstorming session today, with police officers getting him to set aside his prepared text and take up their suggestions instead.
Thus, Singh agreed the police force needed a planning body and promised the government would draw up a blueprint of a modernised police force, with a five to 10-year timeframe, in consultation with the Home Ministry and the Planning Commission.

Abhinav Kumar :

The announcement came after Hardwar SSP Abhinav Kumar stood up to suggest that the police be included by the Centre in developmental planning. ‘‘Sir, like you, I am an economist from Oxford. I would like to draw your attention to the fact that there is no planning for the police force. In Bharat Nirman project, the Centre has a big plan for development of rural infrastructure. Why can’t something similar be done to improve police infrastructure? Intervention from the Centre is required,’’ Kumar said.

Deviating from his prepared speech, the PM said the time had come to include the police in planning for development. ‘‘The old-fashioned division between development expenditure and non-development expenditure has outlived its utility. I will discuss it with the Home Ministry and Planning Commission how to integrate the two,’’ he said.

Singh also found ‘‘fascinating’’ a suggestion from a young woman police officer from Orissa. Introducing herself as Bharti, she said funds were being siphoned off for Naxal activities. ‘‘There was absence of revenue officials, and slack supervision owing to dynamics of the area. The only presence is that of security forces. In such a scenario, there should be active participation of police, in Naxal-infested areas, in developmental projects,’’ she said.

Aurangabad DCP Nikhil Gupta, meanwhile, drew Singh’s attention to frequent transfers and hinted at a national policy, ‘‘possibly a legislation to solve this problem’’. Calling it a ‘‘pernicious practice’’, the PM said this was a gap in the government’s performance. Frequent transfers demoralised the police force, he added, admitting: ‘‘I wrote to all CMs ...And I must confess I have not got...a commitment. But I propose to be persistent till a workable, effective solution is found,’’ the PM added.

Singh also urged the young police officers to resist political pressure in their functioning. ‘‘Somewhere you must draw the line — thus far and no more,’’ he said.

Panel on reforms
NEW DELHI: A high level committee headed by the DGP of Police Research and Development is being set up by the Home Ministry to look into reforms in the police administration system. The panel will get a month to submit its report to the Ministry. —ENS


Lift Naxal ban, get back to talks: Chandrasekhara Rao (Hostage of Naxals)


NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 1 Days after Andhra Pradesh revived the ban on Left extremists, its key ally in the state and Centre, the Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS), today demanded that Y S R Reddy’s Congress government return to the negotiating table with Naxalites.

TRS chief and Union Minister K. Chandrasekhara Rao—whose party performed exceptionally well in the Naxalite-dominated Telangana region in the last Assembly polls—met UPA chief Sonia Gandhi and handed over a memorandum demanding that she ‘‘instruct’’ the state government to lift the ban, revive peace talks and ‘‘give up’’ fake encounters.

Accompanied by TRS MLAs and MPs, Rao also met PM Manmohan Singh and Home Minister Shivraj Patil and demanded their intervention to ‘‘correct the situation’’.

In the memorandum to Sonia, Rao stated that the ‘‘emergence and spread of Naxalite movement in Telangana is the consequence of a prolonged and deliberate neglect’’ of the region. Therefore, ‘‘unleashing a reign of terror in the name of maintaining law and order can never be a solution...’’

On the issue of a separate Telangana state, Rao told reporters that the time had come for him to decide whether to continue in the UPA or not.

Seeking to mobilise other UPA partners to mount pressure on the Congress for a solution, Rao met NCP chief Sharad Pawar, who agreed to back him. Pawar and Rao resolved to convene a meeting of non-Congress UPA partners on September 8 to discuss the issue. The TRS chief said he may also meet RJD chief Laloo Prasad Yadav and LJP chief Ram Vilas Paswan soon.

Rao, who pulled all six TRS ministers out of the YSR Government in July on this issue, was particularly upset over the Chief Minister’s claim that support for a separate state was disappearing due to the development work in the region. ‘‘It is not the Telangana demand, but Reddy who will disappear,’’ he said.

Maoists hit GQ firm

PATNA: CPI (Maoist) activists last night blew up the administrative office of a company involved in constructing roads in Bihar under the Golden Quadrilateral project. Police said that around 50 extremists of the banned Naxalite outfit blew up the office of the East Coast Insulation Construction Company near Tarachandi village in Sasaram district with dynamite. There were no casualties but documents and furniture were damaged, they added. — ENS


CPM rags to riches story: Chandrasekhar

CPM rags to riches story; Exposing the bourgeoise face behind the
proletariat facade

By S. Chandrasekhar

Right from local offices to multi-crore headquarters to TV channel, to
newspaper, to hospitals, to banks, to resorts and to a water theme
park, the CPM is no longer a working class party. It is equivalent to
any other corporate body which has interests in various areas and

The commies may proclaim themselves a working class party and their
existance as a protection for the deprived and the have-nots, but six
decades of communism have made the Kerala unit of the party the
richest, with assets estimated at a whooping Rs 4,000 crore, something
beyond the comprehension of any corporate body existing in a highly
consumerised society like Kerala. It is ironical that in this mad rush
for asset accumulation, the CPM has totally deviated from its ideology
and is functioning as a cut-throat commercial establishment, thereby
becoming a burden on the working class, whom it professes to protect.


In the forties, fifties and sixties, the aim of the communists was to
expand their base. Right from the seventies their eyes reverted to
property accumulation. Kerala has one per cent of the land area of
India and almost three per cent of the national population. With the
Gulf boom in which lakhs of Keralites went to make money, land prices
started spiralling thereby pushing many to invest in real estates. The
CPM made good use of this opportunity. It is now estimated that the
CPM and its feeder organisations are the single largest owners of
land, buildings, properties and estates in the State.

All the offices of the CPM and its affiliates like CITU, SFI, DYFI,
women organisations, head load workers, government employees,
teachers, college and professional institutions teachers from the
Taluk level to the State level are in prime areas on premises owned by
them, throughout the length and breadth of Kerala. The crowning glory
is the multi-crore CPM state headquarters, AKG Centre with a
1,500-seat centrally airconditio-ned auditorium in the heart of the
capital city of Thiruvanan-thapuram. Exactly opposite to it, is the
multi-storied flat for luxuriously housing its state leaders. A
60-acre complex and a huge constructed township for purposes of
training CPM cadres called the EMS Academy is another humble abode for
the working class outfit at the capital city.

The multi-crore CPM television channel Kairali in Malayalam launched
five years ago is another major investment apart from the Malayalam
newspaper Deshabhimani which has editions in all the districts of
Kerala. The channel and all the newspaper offices are in premises
owned by the CPM with state-of-the-art technologies.

Hospitals and banks in the co-operative sector are another major area
in which the CPM has a strong stranglehold. Co-operative banks from
the primary level to the state level are mostly under the control of
the CPM. Taking into account the wide scope in the healthcare sector,
the CPM has started creating huge hospital complexes named after
departed comrades in many districts of Kerala.

Kerala, with its divine natural beauty is a travellers heaven. Taking
advantage of this the CPM is through its 'Agricultural wing' taking
possession of acres of land in tourist spots like 'Wagamon' near
Kottayam and 'Athirapalli' in Trichur, to convert it into money
spinning tourist resorts. It is ironical that the CPM which is
spearheading a movement against 'Coca-Cola' in Plachimada for misuse
of ground water is constructing a multi-crore water theme park in
Kannur district in which lakhs of litres of drinking water will be
wasted. The opposition to the project from its own cadres have been

Party assets only in Kerala estimated at Rs. 4,000 crore. CPM emerges
the richest business group in the State. Read the bigger picture of
West Bengal in the follow up.


Although the source of funds of any political organisation is
contribution from the public, the funding system of the CPM is so
corporatised, streamlined and institutionalised that it is never short
of funds be it in power or not.

The various service organisations through their monthly contributions
ensure regular flow to the affiliate organisations. Periodically,
funds are collected by them in the respective areas for buildings

Head load workers, a menacing feature of Kerala and the muscle of the
CITU/CPM, provide the physical power, to implement its writ on the
population of the State. It is a joke in Kerala that even a pregnant
lady or a man with elephant legs has to pay money to the head load
workers for carrying their weight.

Traders and commercial establishments are threatened into paying money
to the CPM coffers. Circulation for its Malayalam daily is also
through bullying of traders, shopkeepers and residents. In addition
'Bucket Collections' another intimidative feature of the CPM, for any
reason under the sun brings crores of rupees to the party

With the CPM leverage at the Centre, oil major PSUs, BSNL, other PSUs,
are being pressurised to pump crores of rupees into the CPM channel
'Kairali' as advertisement revenue. The Managing Director of 'Kairali'
regularly accompanies the Prime Minister on his tour abroad. When the
CPM was in power in Kerala, officials close to it, including those
from central cadre officers were sent abroad for purchasing costly
electronic equipments for the 'channel' and to bring it through the
'Green Channel' at airports.

Kerala, despite its 3% national population is the largest consumer of
liquor in India. Due to prohibition imposed by the Antony led UDF
regime, the illicit liquor lobby has a total sway. The CPM links with
this lobby bring crores of rupees into its coffers which mainly
account for the enormous asset accumulation which the party has
achieved in the past one decade. A state-level leader and former MLA
Surendran is under investigation for having links with the hooch baron
Manichan whose killer brew eliminated scores during the Left rule.
Diaries of Manichan reveal that he has been paying sevd scores during
the Left rule. Diaries of Manid scores during the Left rule. Diaries
of Manichan reveal that he has been paying d scores during the Left
rule. Diaries of Manichan reveal that he has been paying sevManichan
reveal that he has been paying sevd scores during the Left rule.
Diaries of Mand scores during the Left rule. Diaries of Manichan
revead scores during the Left rud scores during the Left rule. Diaries
of Manichan reveal that he has been paying sevManichan reveal that he
has been paying seve power sector. In the name of establishing new
power projects and renovating existing projects crores passed hands.
The recent controversy in which CPM State Secretary and former power
minister Pinarayi Vijayan is involved, is a glaring example. Rs 375
core given to a Canadian firm SNC-Lavalin for renovation of projects
has gone down the drain, with no benefit to the State. But certainly
the party would have benefitted out of the deal. Ironically the CPM
which is shouting from the roof top for protection of PSU major BHEL,
by-passed BHEL and gave the order to SNC-Lavalin, despite it offering
a lower rate. Obviously, because BHEL cannot offer under-the-table
finances to the CPM.

The CPM presence in the social, cultural, literary and scientific
fields is represented by leaders like MA Baby and organisations like
KSSP (Kerala Sastra Sahitya Parishad). This ensures strong CPM
presence in the film industry (another money spinning enterprise) and
a social scientific facade to its working-class ideology.

It is ironical that the CPM which is spearheading a movement against
'Coca-Cola' in Plachimada for misuse of ground water is constructing a
multi-crore water theme park in Kannur district in which lakhs of
litres of drinking water will be wasted.


The CPM and its leaders have become the greatest hypocrites, the State
has ever seen. While leaders like Atchuda-nandan openly take part in
agitations destroying cash crops like coconut and rubber to highlight
the importance of declining paddy cultivation (due to exhorbitant
wages demanded by CPM cadres), many CPM offices and houses of its
leaders are built in paddy reclaimed lands. Similarly, the party had
in the sixties expelled members for giving gold as dowry during
marriage of their children, but recently when the son of late chief
minister E.K. Nayanar got married, the bride was decked in gold from
head to toe. In fact, she was fully covered in gold. Similarly,
Nayanar's ashes were immersed in the holy rivers of Kerala and in

Comrades as faithful Hindus

The CPM and the SFI had been in the forefront of the agitation against
self-financing professional colleges thereby forcing Malayali students
to go to other states for professional education. But during the
earlier LDF tenure maximum number of schools and colleges were doled
out to Christian/Muslim managements, for a price naturally.

Although ideologically bankrupt, the CPM through its institutionalised
system, has become the most corrupt and hypocritical outfit. The CPM
is the biggest threat to Kerala's economic progress, social
development and cultural unity.

Thursday, September 01, 2005

Security beef-up for Maoist rally

Statesman News Service

BHUBANESWAR, Aug. 31. — The state capital has been fortified with heavy police deployment, barricades and surveillance at all entry points in view of tomorrows proposed rally by the pro-Naxalite organisation “Daman Pratirodh Manch”. The rally and meeting will be video graphed in full by intelligence wing sleuths.
Persons with warrants or cases pending against them were being detained and those traveling to attend the rally with traditional weapons disarmed. Meanwhile the Daman Pratirodh Manch convenor Dandapani Mohanty alleged that police was unnecessarily provoking tribals and indulging in indiscriminate arrests. Hundreds of tribals who were coming to the rally from Malkangiri, Muniguda etc had been detained, he charged.
The second ever pro-Naxalite demonstration at Bhubaneswar has assumed importance following re-imposition of ban on Maoists by neighbouring Andhra Pradesh government. It may be noted that at the first such show of strength held here few months ago top leaders from across the border including Ververa Rao, ( recently arrested in Hyderabad after imposition of ban), had addressed that gathering.
Sandbags and tight security with as many as 26 platoon of police has been pressed into service here. Policemen in plainclothes will keep watch on all entry points particularly at bus stops and railway stations. Naxalite sympathisers with pending cases or warrants have been intercepted at different points in southern Orissa districts today.
Talking to reporters, home secretary Mr Santosh Kumar said, “every body had a democratic right to hold rallies and public meetings but the government will maintain law and order. Naxalite sympathisers will not be allowed to carry traditional weapons to the rally as a measure of abundant precaution,” he added.
Mr Kumar said all railway stations and bus stops are being watched and tribals coming to attend the rally are being disarmed. Only those who have NBWs pending against them are being arrested, he added.
He claimed that the Orissa governments’ stand on the Naxalite issue remains unchanged as it was always open for unconditional talks. “It seems the Naxalites are not keen to enter into any dialogue,” he observed.
The home secretary iterated that the government continues with its two fold strategy — police action and development of backward areas as far as the Naxalite issue is concerned.
Significantly, Mr Kumar stated that the Orissa government was not thinking in terms of imposing a ban on Naxalite groups. He claimed that the ban on Maoists by Andhra Pradesh government did not have any adverse impact in Orissa.

Naxal rally in Capital today

Naxals would roam on the streets of Bhubaneswar on September the 1st. They have got official sanction for this stroll, and the city police are a worried lot. More than 700 police personnel have been commissioned to watch the movement of the Naxals. Several check points including rooftop watch towers and morchas have been set up, yet the police are unsure as to their preparedness to restrict any eventuality.

On 1st September, a Naxal front led by Dandapani Mohanty is taking out a show-off called jan garjan rally that would assemble left-wing ultras and Naxal supporters in the Capital City. This is the second such Naxal rally in Bhubaneswar after the infamous February 6, 2004 siege of Koraput Town.

Intelligence reports suggest that more than One Thousand Naxals and their supporters would hit the Capital streets with traditional weapons and anti-Government placards. While more than One hundred PWG activists are reported to be coming from Rayagada district, roughly fifty Naxals have come from Malkangiri and more than seven hundred Naxal supporters are from Ganjam district. At least two hundred Naxal supporters are said to have set off from Gajapati and Koraput.

It may be recalled that the first jan garjan rally was organized around this time last year after which the process of peace initiative talks between the State Government and People’s War Group (PWG) began. However, nothing materialized as the talks between AP Government and the Naxals failed. The Government had nominated BJD MP from Jajpur Mohan Jena as the mediator for the talks, but nothing materialized.

Pro-Naxalite organisation “Daman Pratirodh Manch” : RALLY


“Daman Pratirodh Manch”

Statesman News Service

BHUBANESWAR, Aug. 31. — The state capital has been fortified with heavy police deployment, barricades and surveillance at all entry points in view of tomorrows proposed rally by the pro-Naxalite organisation “Daman Pratirodh Manch”. The rally and meeting will be video graphed in full by intelligence wing sleuths.

Persons with warrants or cases pending against them were being detained and those traveling to attend the rally with traditional weapons disarmed. Meanwhile the Daman Pratirodh Manch convenor Dandapani Mohanty alleged that police was unnecessarily provoking tribals and indulging in indiscriminate arrests. Hundreds of tribals who were coming to the rally from Malkangiri, Muniguda etc had been detained, he charged.

The second ever pro-Naxalite demonstration at Bhubaneswar has assumed importance following re-imposition of ban on Maoists by neighbouring Andhra Pradesh government. It may be noted that at the first such show of strength held here few months ago top leaders from across the border including Ververa Rao, ( recently arrested in Hyderabad after imposition of ban), had addressed that gathering.
Sandbags and tight security with as many as 26 platoon of police has been pressed into service here. Policemen in plainclothes will keep watch on all entry points particularly at bus stops and railway stations. Naxalite sympathisers with pending cases or warrants have been intercepted at different points in southern Orissa districts today.

Talking to reporters, home secretary Mr Santosh Kumar said, “every body had a democratic right to hold rallies and public meetings but the government will maintain law and order. Naxalite sympathisers will not be allowed to carry traditional weapons to the rally as a measure of abundant precaution,” he added.
Mr Kumar said all railway stations and bus stops are being watched and tribals coming to attend the rally are being disarmed. Only those who have NBWs pending against them are being arrested, he added.

He claimed that the Orissa governments’ stand on the Naxalite issue remains unchanged as it was always open for unconditional talks. “It seems the Naxalites are not keen to enter into any dialogue,” he observed.

The home secretary iterated that the government continues with its two fold strategy — police action and development of backward areas as far as the Naxalite issue is concerned.

Significantly, Mr Kumar stated that the Orissa government was not thinking in terms of imposing a ban on Naxalite groups. He claimed that the ban on Maoists by Andhra Pradesh government did not have any adverse impact in Orissa.

Wednesday, August 31, 2005

West Bengal : Three Maoists arrested for attacking CPM leader

Statesman News Service

KRISHNAGAR, Aug. 31.— Three suspected Maoists were arrested from the Pakurgachi area in Nadia’s Kotwali police station today on the charge of conducting an attack on a CPI-M leader’s house there recently.
The three persons — Mr Nazrul Islam, Mr Nimai Biswas and Mr Chanchal Biswas — have been produced before the chief judicial magistrate’s court.
According to the Kotwali police, the arrested people were accused in the FIR lodged by Mr Gyanendra Biswas whose house was ransacked by them recently. They also looted Rs 15000 in cash and some valuables from Mr Biswas’ house.
During the attack, the accused had reportedly threatened the CPI-M leader to join the Naxalite party, leaving the CPI-M.
The attackers also injured three family members of Mr Biswas who are still critical in the Saktinagar District Hospital.
The Kotwali police have initiated a probe to ascertain whether these three accused have any links with the Naxalite party

Naxalites kill four in Jharkhand

Statesman News Service

RANCHI, Aug. 31. — Four persons were killed late last night by Naxalite ultras in the Latehar district of Jharkhand. All four were first kidnapped from the neighbouring Lohardaga district.
According to police officers, the killing was masterminded by the ultras of the banned Naxalite outfit Jharkhand Sangharsh Janamukti Morcha.
Police sources of Latehar and Lohardaga said that around 2 a.m. today, a gang of 15 to 20 heavily armed extremists entered Bariatu village in Kisko police station area of Lohardaga. After surrounding the village, they kidnapped Ramswarup Lohra (38), Burul Lohra (20), Firingi Lohra (18) and Sayed Ansari (16) from a particular house. After the abduction, the four were brought to the end of Turudi village area in neighbouring Latehar district after a trek through the jungles and hilly tracks. The four were beheaded with swords and choppers thereafter and their mutilated bodies left there. Soon after the killings, police said, the gang went back inside the deep forest after raising slogans.
Latehar SP Mr PS Kendaswami said today: “All four who were murdered had started construction business and the Naxalites had demanded huge amounts of “levy” from them. When denied their share of the levy, they killed the four.”
The bodies of the four were recovered from the Turudi village by police. An intesnse combing operation was also started after cordoning off the entire area. However, there were no reports of any arrest till reports last came in.
District police officers in both Latehar and Lohardaga have started seperate investigations into the massacre. After an intense round of questioning, some villagers of Bariatu told the police that the Lohras’ were into a dispute over a land with another family in the village, who have connections with Naxalites. “In all probabilities, the ultras had murdered the Lohra family members because both sides could not come to a mutual understanding on the control of the property”, the villagers reportedly pointed out.

Communalism, extremism will be dealt with firmly: Manmohan

New Delhi | August 31, 2005 5:25:06 PM IST

Describing communalism and regionalism as persisting threats to India's unity, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh Wednesday warned that his government would deal firmly with extremism, separatism, communalisation and insurgency.
Addressing the reconstituted National Integration Council that is meeting after nearly 13 years, Manmohan Singh also stressed on eschewing extremism and divisive ideologies, while challenging political outfits to contest elections rather than use violence as an expression.

"While we promote national integration and our core value of tolerance, any overt challenge we face in the form of communalism, extremism, separatism or insurgency and violence will need to be dealt with firmly," he said.

"Every political group that claims to represent the interests of any section of our people must test and demonstrate its popularity through the institutions of our democracy," he urged.

In a warning apparently to separatist militants and Maoist groups, Manmohan Singh said there was no grievance that could not be redressed through democratic means and dialogue.

"No civilised society can tolerate violence and extremism. No one has the right to take the law in their own hands. No society can pardon those who kill innocent people.

"Faced with such terror tactics, the government will have no other option than to fight such groups and their ideology of hatred.

"Extremism of any form, based on any divisive ideology, cannot be tolerated in any civilised, democratic society."

The conference held at Vigyan Bhavan was attended by top leaders, including former prime ministers Atal Bihari Vajpayee, I.K. Gujral and V.P. Singh, besides chief ministers and central ministers.

One of the key topics featuring in the meet is the challenge of communalism.

Vajpayee, the prime minister observed, was the only one to attend the first meeting of the council in 1962, when Jawaharlal Nehru was prime minister.

Recalling the ideals set forth by Nehru, the first prime minister, he remarked that the four threats of "communalism, casteism, regionalism and linguism", identified by him remained.

Reminding that tolerance, diversity and open-mindedness characterised the Indian civilisation and nationhood, he asserted that any attempt to disturb India's secular fabric had to be "nipped in the bud".

He conceded the difficulties in dealing with covert threats to national integrity and said: "The ideologies of communalism, of casteism, of regional and linguistic chauvinism have to be fought in a more sustained and intelligent manner. We need a more humane, inclusive and liberal political culture."

The prime minister reiterated his favourite theme of India as a confluence of civilisations as opposed to a clash of civilisations.

"Our educational system, our media, our popular culture must reinforce this civilisational commitment of India to pluralism and inclusiveness," he urged, calling upon the legislature, judiciary and the executive to be conscious of the commitment to the basic principles of the constitution.

Manmohan Singh said the government was firmly wedded to its commitment to the social, political, economic and educational empowerment of scheduled castes and tribes, other backward classes, all minorities and all weaker sections of society, especially women.

"We cannot call ourselves an ancient civilisation and a modern nation if we cannot protect the life, the livelihood, the property and the liberty of every one of our citizens."

The prime minister expressed concern about the "resurgence" of regional and sub-regional identities in a manner that he said was not conceivable 60 years ago.

"In the interests of national integration, the political leadership at the state level in less developed regions must pay greater attention to agrarian change and development of the rural economy.

"An improvement in the lives and livelihoods of the rural poor is an important element of national integration."

Referring to his weekend visit to Kabul, he recalled that Afghan President Hamid Karzai had termed India's democratic experience as a model for the Afghan people.


CPI (Maoist) denies hand in Bangalore blasts

Bangalore, UNI:

Communist Party of India (Maoist) on Wednesday asserted that it was not connected with the recent explosions in the offices of the Karnataka coalition partners Janata Dal (Secular) and Congress Offices here.

''The statements by Chief Minister N Dharam Singh and Karnataka Pradesh Congress Committee (KPCC) President Mallikarjun Kharge holding naxalities responsible for the blast was far from truth and we are in no way connected with the incident'', Mr Gangadhar of CPI (M) State Committee said in a release here.

''CPI (Maoist) is not a terrorist movement, it is a revolutionary movement working for uplifting exploited class in democratic way.

We take arms into hand only if it becomes necessary to protect the interests of the underprevileged and downtrodden,'' he added.

Anti-Maoist wave sweeps Baburam's JNU


NEW DELHI, Aug 30 - Maoist leader Dr Baburam Bhattarai completed his doctorate from here. So did veteran diplomat Dr Lokraj Baral. Nepali Congress Democratic leader Pradip Giri also came here for further education. Other renowned pass-outs include Indian communist leaders Prakash Karat and Sitaram Yechuri, and journalist M.J. Akbar.
Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) is often described as one of Asia's best academic institutions. Students and scholars like it as much for its open, democratic, 'no-show-off' and 'anti-bourgeois' environment. Yet some in Delhi's security and defense establishments criticize it as the 'haven for left wing extremists' - and, worse, 'terrorists'.

Amidst such admirations and criticisms, meanwhile, a new anti-Naxal (Maoist) wave is sweeping JNU. On a recent evening, dozens of pro-Congress students marched through the campus streets, condemning violence and chanting anti-Naxal slogans. And a prominently displayed banner on the campus reads: "Naxalbad ko jalado, mitado [Turn Maoism to cinders and destroy it]."

And this past week, days after the southern Andhra Pradesh state government imposed a ban on Naxalites there - apparently at the behest of the central government here, the pro-Maoist students were quick to hit back. They plastered JNU walls with posters opposing the ban, one of which read, "Can you stop the rays of the sun by putting up your hands? Can you stop the surge of popular waves by putting us behind bars?"
With different political players at constant play, the JNU campus gives an impression of a haven for democracy and pluralism - in addition to academic excellence. That may be the reason why there's been no dearth of diverse groups of students here. With the new academic session commencing earlier in August, the nearly four-decade-old institution is attracting more and more students from around the world, including Nepal.

Interestingly, a few of those from Nepal also include the "victims of Feb 1" -- meaning political leaders and activists, who moved to India to rally support for Nepal's democracy.

Foreign Department Secretary of Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist-Leninist) (CPN-UML), Rajan Bhattarai, who is enrolled for M Phil Ph D in international studies; and human rights activist Dinesh Prasain who's enrolled for M Phil Ph D in political sociology belong to this category.

In all, there are about a dozen new Nepali faces on JNU campus this summer. They also include journalist Ila Sharma, who's enrolled for M Phil Ph D in 'World Trade Organization and development aspects'.

"You can study what you want to. It's a perfect place for multi- and inter-disciplinary studies," said Sharma.

Very true, nodded Tribhuvan University lecturers Deo Kumari Gurung and Beena Rai, who are on leave and are earning their doctorate degrees from here, respectively, on International Migration and Population and Maternal Health. Another TU academic, Prabha Kaini, is also receiving her doctorate from here.

"This is that rare place for learning. Here, you learn as much from on-campus discourses on contemporary inter/national issues as from classrooms," said Hari Roka, a leftist political activist from Nepal, who is doing is doctorate in political economy.

Tuesday, August 30, 2005

Pro-Naxalite outfit to hold rally in Orissa

Statesman News service

Statesman News Service
RAYAGADA, Aug. 30. — The Daman Pratirodh Manch, a pro-Naxalite outfit, iterated its resolve to hold a rally at Bhubaneswar on 1 September in protest against persecution of “innocent” tribals, particularly the case relating to police firing at Mandrabaju in 1999.
Mr Dandapani Mohanty, leader of the Manch decried police excesses and the silence of the government which claims to be pro-adivasis. He referred to the case where four tribals were sentenced to life imprisonment in connection with the Mandrabaju firing case. “Eight tribals had died in the incident which had taken place on 30 December 1999,” he said.
“Strangely the police has been given a clean chit while tribals have been sent to jail,” he alleged.
“Police camps were established in order to provide security to zamindars when the adivasis were protesting to get back their lands.The adivasis protested and this resulted in indiscriminate firing by the police,” he said while recalling the five year old incident.
“While the government is saying that the cases pending against the adivasis are being withdrawn but the fact is more cases are being filed against them,” he stated.
The extreme Left leader was confident that these issues will be taken up in a big way at the 1 September rally in Bhubaneswar.

QUESTIONS and ANSWERS in Rajyasabha


(a) whether it is a fact that almost 9000 activists engaged in Naxal activities are active in the country at present;

(b) whether it is also a fact that out of them 6,000 activists are equipped with arms;

(c) if not, the facts in this regard;

(d) the region which have become the main Centres of Naxal activities now; and

(e) the reasons behind these regions coming under influence of Naxalism?




(a) to (c): As per available information, the present strength of hardcore naxalite cadres is around 9300. Their arms holding includes around 6300 regular weapons and a large number of country-made arms.

(d): 76 districts in 9 States, namely, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are affected by naxalite violence/activity in varying degrees. Besides, naxalites are also trying to spread their influence in some parts of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Uttaranchal.

(e): Socio-economic disparities, some local issues such as threat of eviction from forest areas, lack of development, backwardness and inadequate/ineffective mechanisms for redressal of public grievances are some of the reasons, which are exploited by the naxalites in these regions in spreading their activities.

Whether Government are aware of this fact that the M.C.C. operating in the State of Bihar has nexus with the Nepalese Maoists thereby posing a grave threat to the security of the country;

As per available inputs, there are fraternal and logistic links between Nepalese maoists and naxalite groups in India. Keeping in view the CPN(Maoists) activities in Nepal and their likely impact on our security, SSB, the Border Guarding Force, has intensified vigil along the Indo-Nepal Border. The States bordering Nepal have also been advised to intensify vigil in, and patrolling of, the areas bordering Nepal to prevent ingress of the Maoist elements. Akhil Bharat Nepal Ekta Samaj (ABNES), a CPN (Maoist) front organization, continues to be banned as a terrorist organization under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, as amended in 2004. Both Nepal and India have resolved not to permit their respective territories for activities inimical to either country. SSB and State Police have so far arrested 36 CPN(Maoists)/their supporters in the current year mainly from Bihar.


(a)&(b): There is no perceptible increase in the strength of the tribals who are taking to insurgency in the North East or in the naxal affected States. The number of violence incidents in the North-East during the current year till 31st July 2005 has reduced by 5% compared to the corresponding period in 2004. The naxal affected violence has reduced by 8% during this period.

(c): Various steps have been taken by the Government to improve the conditions of the tribals in the North-Eastern States and naxal affected States. These interalia include following:

(i) The State Governments have accepted the policy of prohibiting the transfer of land from tribals and for restoration of alienated tribal lands to them. The States with large tribal population have since enacted laws for this purpose.

(ii) A scheme for raising non-timber forest produce has been formulated to benefit the tribal population who depend upon the minor forest produce. The scheme aims at conservation and improvement of the minor forest produce including medicinal plants by adopting effective production and appropriate silvicultural practices.

(iii) An Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP) has been formulated. It, interalia, provides to include new Minor Irrigation Schemes with potential of more than 100 hectares in Non-Special Category States with preference to Tribal Areas and drought prone areas.

(iv) Naxal affected States have been asked to implement the land reforms and Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act expeditiously. Other measures taken are focused attention on integrated development of the affected areas and removal of socio-cultural alienation of people, gearing up of public grievances redressal system and creation of Local Resistance Groups.

(d): The Government has taken various steps to combat the problem of insurgency and naxalism, which inter alia include deployment of Army and Central Paramilitary Forces, coordinated action by the security forces for counter insurgency/naxalism operations, modernization/upgradation of the State Police Forces, reimbursement of security related expenditure and declaration of militant organizations as ‘unlawful associations’. The Government has also extended an invitation to all militant outfits to give up the path of violence and to come forward for talks within the framework of the Indian Constitution.

Andhra Maoists urge people to boycott polls

Hyderabad | August 30, 2005 4:55:07 PM IST

Maoists in Andhra Pradesh have called upon people to boycott the municipal elections to be held Sep 24.
Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) and CPI-ML Janashakti, the two biggest guerrilla outfits in the state, have appealed to people not to cast their votes.

Home Minister K. Jana Reddy has asked people not to respond to the election boycott call given by Maoists. Claiming that earlier attempts by Maoists to make people boycott elections had failed, he said the polls would go on.

According to police, the boycott call would not have much impact on the polls as Maoists do not have a strong presence in urban areas.

The state government re-imposed a ban on the CPI-Maoist Aug 17, two days after its members gunned down Congress legislator C. Narsi Reddy and eight others in Mahabubnagar district.

The State Election Commission Monday had issued notification for conducting elections to 96 municipalities and 11 municipal corporations Sep 24. However, elections will not be held for three other corporations and 24 municipalities.


Karnataka to seek Central nod for banning naxal outfits


Karnataka Government, which has recently imposed ban on 32 extremist outfits, would soon seek Centre's approval for banning more naxal groups, including the CPI (Maoist), to check the recent surge in their activities, Chief Minister N Dharam Singh said today.

The state has already banned 32 organisations, he told reporters here, adding Centre's approval was required to ban the activities of any outfit.

Singh said the police and intelligence wings have been directed to monitor the activities of naxal groups in the state and check infiltration of naxalites in the wake of the ban imposed by Andhra Pradesh.

Karnataka shares a vast border with Andhra Pradesh

Two naxals shot dead:

Guntur: Two unidentified youths, presumed to be naxals, were gunned down by the police near Naragayapalem village of Guntur district in Andhra Pradesh last night.

Police said the youths, aged between 20 to 30 years on a motor cycle, tried to get away after noticing a police team in the naxal infested Vinukonda-golla palli road.

While trying to escape the motor cycle skidded and the youths ran through the nearby fields. When challenged they fired at the police, who returned fire killing both of them.

Police claimed to have found two pistols and some documents near their bodies.

''Their identities are yet to be established,'' police added.

Superintendent of Police V C Sazzaanar told UNI that the documents found with the deceased clearly showed that they were active naxals.

Monday, August 29, 2005

Naxal attacked his mother, brother for money

DH News Service Bhubaneshwar:

The growing influence of Naxalites among the unemployed tribal youths in the interior and backward districts of Orissa has once again come to the fore after a young tribal in Keonjhar district attacked his mother and brother with a sharp weapon injuring both, as they had refused to pay him Rs 30,000 to buy a pistol.

The local police have already arrested the youth while a search is on to nab five of his associates. He along with a few other tribals had joined the Naxals five years ago.

Police sources said, in 2001 the Keonjhar police had arrested five youths from Haridaspur area of the district in connection with a Naxal incident. Six others, however, had managed to escape. One among them was 28-year-old Ajaya Munda, a resident of Banitang village.

Last week, Ajaya asked his mother and brother to give him the money to buy a pistol. Both refused and urged him to disassociate himself from the Naxalites. An enraged Ajaya attacked his mother and brother, and fled to the nearby Rebana forest.

Next morning, the villagers informed the police about the incident and he was arrested following a combing operation.

Maoists sent five-member "suicide squad" to assassinate YSR

According to Indian police sources the outlawed Maoist Communist Party of India has sent a five-member "suicide squad" to assassinate Andhra Pradesh's Chief Minister Yeduguri Sandinti Rajasekhara Reddy. According to police intelligence gleaned from the diary of top Naxalite leader Divakar alias Ravi, the action team is led by commander Ashanna alias T Vasudev Rao. Rao played a key role in the assassination of senior Telugu Desam minister A. Madhav Reddy in 2000. Three years later Rao was also involved in a foiled attempt on the life of the then Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu. Last week police killed Divakar, the Maoist Communist Party of India Nalgonda district committee secretary, during a gun battle in Mahbubnagar district. Police sources speaking on condition of anonymity say that the diary and the other documents recovered after the encounter laid out Maoist plans to carry out large-scale attacks on political leaders as well as police stations

Dangers Of Vigilantism

Occasional incidents of mob fury against the Maoists in Chhattisgarh– while they may reflect increasing popular frustration with the 'revolutionaries' – cannot be a substitute for coherent counter-terrorism strategy and tactics.


If vigilante action is an index of the state’s failure to maintain law and order, then events in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh over the past months are a clear demonstration of the twisted nature of policies designed to counter left-wing extremism.

Chhattisgarh is one of the worst Naxal-affected states -- Naxalites are active in eight out of the state’s 16 districts: Bastar, Dantewada, Kanker, Surguja, Jashpur, Koriya, Rajnandgaon, and Kawardha. An anti Naxalite movement, euphemistically called Salva Zudoom (peace initiative), is currently being led by Mahendra Karma, a Congress party leader and Leader of Opposition in the Legislative Assembly.

Sources indicate that as many as 250 villages of the Bastar region have been mobilized under this movement, which commenced in mid-June 2005. Apart from holding relatively large meetings, releasing anti-Maoist posters and pamphlets and maintaining vigils at the local level, the villagers have killed three Maoists. In rapid retaliation against these killings and anti-Maoist demonstrations, the Maoists have killed at least 32 tribals in separate incidents. Ominous indications of the prospects of vigilante action are visible in some of the more prominent of the recent Maoist attacks:

August 9, 2005: Maoists killed two persons related to Mahendra Karma, including one of his brothers, in the Dantewada district.

July 28, 2005: Cadres of the Communist Party of India – Maoist (CPI-Maoist) attacked the Karemarka and Muder villages and killed seven persons. According to police sources, the attack was in retaliation for a rally on July 24 in which 117 Maoist sympathisers had surrendered.

July 19, 2005: Maoists killed two civilians in the Bijapur village of Dantewada district in retaliation for their participation in anti-Maoist demonstrations in the preceding weeks.

July 16, 2005: Seven villagers and two Maoists were killed and at least 12 villagers sustained injuries during Maoist attacks on six villages in the Dantewada district. Targeting the villagers, who were participating in the Salva Zudoom, over 250 armed-Maoists attacked the Kutru, Ambeli, Pharsgaon, Uskapatnam, Badekarkeli and Chhotekarkeli villages. While two villagers were killed on the spot, the Maoists abducted five others, whose dead bodies were subsequently found in the Sagmeta jungle of Pharasgaon police station jurisdiction. The villagers told the police that at least two Naxalites were also killed in the incident, when the villagers retaliated against the Maoists who had attacked the homes of tribal activists of Salva Zudoom.

June 19, 2005: Naxalites killed eight villagers and wounded at least 100 others near Kotrapal village in Dantewada district for opposing their activities. The incident occurred when people of 45 villages were returning after attending a Salva Zudoom meeting called to oppose the Naxalite movement in their areas. According to available information, approximately 3,000 villagers had gathered at the Taalmendri and Matwada villages where they unanimously resolved to boycott the Naxalites. After villagers held similar meetings in the Kutru, Bedre, Pharsegarh and Jangla police station areas of Dantewada district, Maoists attacked the villagers near Kotrapal. In another related Naxalite attack a day earlier, a civilian of the Nemed village was killed.

The vigilante initiative has reportedly also spread to the Surguja district in the wake of the ‘overwhelming response’ in Bastar. The tribals have articulated their anger against the Maoists in meetings and demonstrations in the Ramnujganj, Kusmumi, Balirampur, Pratappur and Rajpur areas of Surguja Buoyed by what is being claimed as an ‘unprecedented situation’, the Chhattisgarh police have reportedly decided to offer weapons to anti-Naxalite groups and also selectively appoint people involved in the Salva Zudoom action as Special Police Officers. Inspector General of Police (Bastar region), M. W. Ansari, disclosed that people would be provided arms in areas where the police force and government machinery find it difficult to move.

The state government has pledged to provide ‘ideological support’ besides food and medicines to the villagers who have raised the banner of revolt against the Maoists. Chief Minister Raman Singh stated in a media interview, "The tribal uprising is a welcome trend. People are vexed with the Naxal violence. My government will certainly provide security to anyone who opposes the Naxalites." He, however, clarified, further, "But we are not organising this programme."

It is not clear how the government will ‘provide security’ to those who ‘oppose the Naxalites’ in areas ‘where the police force and government machinery find it difficult to move’, but on August 25, the government announced that it had set up a Committee headed by Chief Secretary A.K. Vijayvargiya to provide direct support to the tribal ‘insurrection’. This is the first such Committee set up to support those opposing the Maoists at the local level, and it is expected to look into issues such as logistics, arms and funding. Little attention appears to have been paid to the fact that the decision to ‘empower’ the tribals could lead to even greater violence against them in the region and elsewhere in the state.

There are at least some suggestions that Salva Zudoom is, in fact, a political exercise aimed at boosting the dwindling support base of the Congress among the tribals, a crucial vote bank in the state. While it won all the three seats in the Dantewada district (including Karma’s seat in the Dantewada constituency), the party lost all nine seats in the Bastar and Kanker districts during the 2004 state elections. Mahendra Karma, a tribal from Faraspal, is also struggling to emerge from the shadows of Ajit Jogi, the now beleaguered former Chief Minister and Congress leader. Karma’s recent comment that "it would take only three years to defeat them (the Naxals)" because of "people’s power" is a significant indicator of the strong electoral factor involved – the state is scheduled for elections in three years.

For all its hype, the Salva Zudoom exercise is restricted to only some 250 of the 3,766 villages in the Bastar region. Indeed, most of the activities and violence are restricted to the Dantewada district, Karma’s bastion. Nor, indeed, have these actions in any measure forced the Maoists into a retreat. The Naxalites have, in fact, retaliated violently and continue to respond poorly to announcements of the government’s surrender and rehabilitation policy announced on June 25, 2005.

Chhattisgarh falls under the Maoists’ 'Dandakaranya Special Zone Committee' (which covers Bastar, Kanker and Dantewada in Chhattisgarh; Chandrapur, Gadchiroli and Bhandara in Maharashtra; Balaghat in Madhya Pradesh and parts of northern Andhra Pradesh). The Maoists reportedly function in this area through 18 Guerrilla Squads (Dalams) under four ‘divisional committees’ – South Bastar (5 Dalams), North Bastar (4 Dalams), Bhandara-Balaghat (4 Dalams) and Gadchiroli (5 Dalams). The Maoists in Bastar region and elsewhere in the state run virtual parallel governments in many areas, holding Jan Adalats (‘People's Courts’) to settle both civil and criminal disputes, imposing penalties that range from simple fines to mutilation and death.

In November 2004, the state’s then Home Minister Brij Mohan Aggarwal had stated in New Delhi, that there were about 2,000 Naxalites active in the region. Current Home Minister Ramvichar Netam informed the state Legislative Assembly on July 12, 2005, that Chhattisgarh witnessed 697 Maoist-related incidents between January 1, 2004 and June 24, 2005, in which 93 civilians, 37 police personnel and 20 Maoists died. According to Netam, Dantewada district bordering Andhra Pradesh witnessed 287 incidents while the Bastar district recorded 160 and Kanker 127. According to the Institute for Conflict Management’s data, fatalities in Chhattisgarh related to Maoist activities have already mounted to 66 in 2005, with Dantewada the worst affected:

The Bastar region comprises the tribal-dominated districts of Dantewada, Bastar and Kanker, and is one of the poorest areas in the country in terms of economic development and various social indicators. Tribal resentment against the Naxalites has crystallized around the perception that the rebels have become a stumbling block to the limited developmental efforts in the region.

The Maoists, for instance, have long opposed the construction of roads to villages in the area, fearing that these would bring the Police to their doorstep. Naxalite activity has also affected the plucking of tendu leaves (used in the manufacture of bidis, Indian cigars) precisely when the state had begun to improve revenue from the production of better quality tendu leaves. The Naxalites have also put a ban on weekly markets, the main source of income and goods for the tribals, causing great hardship to the people.

While public anger at Naxalite activity is understandable, the state’s policies are not. Since the creation of the new state (Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh in November 2000), the authorities have pursued policies that, at best, can be termed muddled. Little attention has been paid to fundamentals, particularly the relative lack of preparedness of the Police force in terms of equipment, arms, communications, transport and facilities, and the abysmal performance of institutions of civil governance in Naxalite-affected areas.

Nor has there been a focus on the support structures of the Naxalite groups, their financial operations, augmentation of arms supplies, and linkages across state borders. Bastar is, in fact, emerging as a ‘Base Area’ for the unification of the Maoist movement and direction of operations across multiple state boundaries. Police sources indicate that virtually the entire leadership of the Naxalites in Chattisgarh is drawn from Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra; the locals only beef up low-level cadres. Summarizing the ‘spill-over effect’, Chhattisgarh Director General of Police O.P. Rathore remarked, "It's all Andhra Pradesh's problem. In fact, Chhattisgarh's Maoist problem is exported by Andhra Pradesh. They sometimes enter into a truce, sometimes impose a ban and, in the final analysis, Chhattisgarh suffers."

Despite sustained Police and para-military operations in the region, consequently, Naxalite influence and activity appear to be growing. Occasional incidents of mob fury against the Maoists – while they may reflect increasing popular frustration with the ‘revolutionaries’ – cannot be a substitute for coherent counter-terrorism strategy and tactics. Raising armies of vigilantes, equipped by the state, cannot contain the Maoist menace and will invite greater atrocities against large populations. The dangers of fashioning alternate policing institutions are palpable: they represent initiatives outside of and, more often than not, uncontrolled by the state, and carry the risks of compounding, rather than resolving the problems of lawlessness and disorder.

Nihar Nayak is Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management. Courtesy, the South Asia Intelligence Review of the South Asia Terrorism Portal