Saturday, September 24, 2005

A Breed Of Their Own - Indian Communists!

Indian communists are truely a unique breed of humans, disjoint to all things logical. The communist ideology can actually be compared with fundamentalism.

Communism Watch: A Breed Of Their Own - Indian Communists!

Maoist leader arrested in West Bengal

Krishnagar West Bengal | September 24, 2005 5:14:53 PM IST

A Maoist leader along with six of his accomplices were arrested from Nadia's Kathgora under Chapra police station today.

Police said here that the leader, named Chandi Sarker, belonged to the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC).

One revolver and ten rounds of cartridges were recovered from the arrested, who was in charge of four districts - Nadia, Birbhum, Burdwan and Murshidabad.

Police informed that his arrest was a big blow to the organisation.


Naxals force sarpanches to flee

- By P. Sridhar

Karimnagar, Sept. 24: Several elected representatives in gram panchayats of the volatile Sircilla division in Karimnagar district of Andhra Pradesh have "escaped" to the Gulf countries for fear of falling prey to Maoist bullets.

They belong to major political parties and were terrified by the threat of Maoists to finish them off. The killing of some elected representatives by Maoists proved that the threat was made seriously.

The exodus of panchayat members can have serious repercussions in the perennially drought-prone division where most people live a hand-to-mouth existence.

Ganga Rajaiah, a Congress leader who was the sarpanch of Rudrangi, and Veernapalli Mandal Parishad Territorial Constituency president T. Nagabushanam of the Telangana Rashtra Samiti were shot down by the Maoists after the peace dialogue ground to halt. This terrified other panchayat members.

About a dozen gram panchayat members including sarpanches and upa-sarpanches have left for the Gulf countries in the last one month in Sircilla.

Vanpalli sarpanch Akula Satyam of the TRS, Adivipadira sarpanch Bhukya Ganga Reddy of the Telugu Desam, Timmapur MPTC Heerya Naik of the Congress, and the upa sarpanches of Akkapalli, Padira, Boppapur and Bandalingampalli, have migrated to Gulf countries.

Most of them belong to the poorer strata and prefer to work as labourers in Dubai rather than face death threats as respectable panchayat members. Their woes were compounded by the government’s refusal to release the honorarium on time.

"We were living peacefully when my husband ran a hotel in the village," said Ms Padma, whose husband Satyam has left for Dubai. "However, problems crept in after he ventured into politics and got elected as the village sarpanch. He had to borrow money to go the Gulf and now I am struggling to get a square meal for my two children."

President of the district sarpanches forum U. Anjani Prasad pointed out that most of the 1,195 sarpaches in the district were facing hardships. "They are not getting the meagre monthly honorarium of Rs 600 regularly and they are facing threats too," he said. "The droughts have destroyed their fields". According to Mr Prasad, if the government hiked the honorarium of sarpanches and paid it on time, the exodus could be checked.

"The condition of sarpanches in Naxal-affected villages is even worse," said a sarpanch of Yellareddypet mandal.

"We can get shot down any time and we do not have money either. We have no choice but to escape."

Sircilla revenue divisional officer Nagendra said about 10 sarpanches and upa-sarpanches migrated to the Gulf countries recently.

AP ban triggers Maoists’ infiltration in Orissa

Saturday September 24 2005 11:56 IST

Gajapati dist considered ‘safe’ due to mountains and forests

PARLAKHEMUNDI: The apprehension of Maoists from Andhra Pradesh sneaking into Gajapati district has reportedly proved true with the pasting of posters in various areas on Wednesday to commemorate the foundation day of the Maoists.

In fact, the radicals who have entered the district are reportedly trying to recruit youths in the district. The radicals have created two groups ‘Praja Bimukti Sainya’ and ‘Peoples Liberation Guerrilla Army’ for the purpose.

Though no details about the recruitment was available, some senior officials of Andhra Pradesh who visited various areas of the State claimed that over 200 Maoists have sneaked into Orissa through border areas including Tekkili and Manjusa.

The groups even spent sometime at Mahendragiri before leaving for Kandhamal, Koraput, Malkangir via Padmapur forest in Rayagada district.

The ban on radicals by the Andhra Pradesh Government has put the police of this bordering district on alert due to their infiltration bid, observed senior police officers who are involved in anti-Naxalite training here.

The situation was reviewed at a meeting of senior police officials last month in Berhampur. To avert any unpleasant situation and restrict the possible free flow of Naxals, the DIG of Police instructed Gajapati police to enhance patrolling in remote and inaccessible areas.

In fact as the district is used as a ‘shelter zone’ by Naxals, Gajapati police has already stepped up combing operations in forest areas including Alara and Lakhari alongwith CRPF and Grey Hound commandos.

Sources said, the radicals come in groups of 12-14 and choose inaccessible localities. In the late 90’s when three or four ‘dalams’ settled in the State, they maintained a good rapport with the locals so that they would protect them.

They even went to the extent of helping them settle their family or village disputes.

In Gajapati district, they chose villages where the topography and social locations were similar to that of AP. Gosani block was where they settled as the local language is Telegu.

Such radicals try to avoid any confrontation with Orissa Police. However, all the cops in Gajapati district have been alerted by southern range police headquarters to keep an eye on stray incidents triggered by radicals.

NAXALITES blown up Minister vehicle in Jharkhand , 8 Injured

Ekka's escort vehicle blown up, 8 policemen injured
Saturday, 24 September , 2005, 12:17

Simdega (Jharkhand): At least eight policemen, including two police officials, were injured while Rural Development Minister Enos Ekka had a narrow escape when Naxalites triggered a landmine near Kolebira Ghati in Simdega district of Jharkhand on Saturday, police said.

The incident took place on NH 23 minutes after the police vehicle preceding the minister passed the spot where the Naxalites planted the landmine. Activists of the Communist Party of India (Maoists) are suspected.

The policemen were escorting the minister to a foundation-laying ceremony of a school building and a road in his home constituency, Kolebira.

Besides the officer-in-charge of the Kolebira police station, P K Biswas, Assistant Sub-inspector Ramanand Prasad and six personnel were among the injured, police said.

Senior district officials including Superintendent of Police, Vinay Kumar Pandey, went to the spot to take stock of the situation, police said.

Police recovered one single barrel gun, live cartridges, dresses worn by Naxalite activists and a bag containing some plastic items from the spot.

Peaceful polls in AP, naxal bandh call fails:

Hyderabad: Barring minor incidents, the polling to the local bodies passed off peacefully as an estimated 64 per cent of the voters in 96 Municipalities and 57 per cent in 11 municipal corporations exercised their franchise, ignoring the poll boycott call given by the naxals.

Highest polling of 74 per cent was recorded in Ramachandrapuram Municipality and the lowest of 44 per cent in Madanpalle, State Election Commissioner AVS Reddy told reporters here tonight.

Friday, September 23, 2005

ULFA hand in SE Asia arms trade

Saturday September 24 2005 00:00 IST

NEW DELHI: THE Home Ministry has received reports that the United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) is involved in supplying weapons to extremist groups, including the CPI(Maoist).

The outfit is known to have bought weapons and explosives from south-east Asia and, in turn, sold them to groups in the North-East. Senior Ministry officials said the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and internal security agencies have pointed to Naxals sourcing weapons from the ULFA.

Security agencies have claimed that Naxals have financially strengthened themselves over the years, adding to their coffers through extortion, their prime targets being contractors and tendu leaf cultivators. Contractors in Andhra Pradesh pay at least five per cent of the contract amount to Naxals as taxes, the Ministry has been told. Besides, ‘‘there are reports to suggest that funds are being laundered through front organisations in the cities that are involved in legitimate business’’, a senior official said.

Though the ministry is geared up to carry out police operations against the Naxals in a coordinated manner, there is no move yet to crack down on the front organisations or stop laundering of funds.

Ministry estimates say more and more ‘‘dalams’’ now have access to automatic weapons like AK-47 and other personal weapons. While some of these have been looted from the police force, Naxals are increasingly buying weapons too, the report suggests.

At the Chief Ministers’ conference on Naxalism, Andhra Chief Minister Y.S.R. Reddy had claimed that Naxals had established contact with outfits abroad. He also said that they were using very sophisticated radio sets that allowed them to listen in on police communication.

War against Naxals that backfired


NEW DELHI: The policy of involving a local populace ill-prepared to fight against Naxalites has had its first major negative fallout: Over 10,000 people in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh, faced with Naxal retaliation, have fled their homes.

What was attempted in over 200 villages in the Bastar region, security experts, amounted to throwing lambs to the wolves, because the police is not around, or does not reach on time, to back up the villagers' fight and protect them when Naxals retaliate.

Ajai Sahni, executive director, Institute of Conflict Management, told TOI: "This is a complete misunderstanding of what was done in Punjab and J&K. The role of the security forces was fully established there and the role of the local populace was sought on voluntary, complimentary basis."

Sahni said this effort is bound to fail if regular police presence is absent. The police force generally moves in large numbers, marks its presence and returns to its post.

"Until this regular force has a water-tight presence, the local vigilantes will end up as cannon fodder. The villager is up against a force that moves with intent to kill, is better trained and in all probability, better armed," Sahni said. Confirming the forced migration in Raipur, the state’s revenue and law minister, Brij Mohan Agrawal, said the villagers had left behind their belongings.

They were being provided facilities, including tents and medical aid by the state government. A PTI report quoted Bijapur district SP Dasrath Lal Manhar, as saying: "Over 100 people, including 30 security personnel, were killed in incidents during the period".

"The villagers were either being forced or driven out by Naxalites for raising their voice against the three-decade-old Left-wing extremism in the Bastar region, especially after start of the 'Salwa Judum' or peace campaign," the official said.

Aware of this, only last week, a home ministry note circulated at the CMs’ meet here said: "The Naxalite outfits are concerned at this public upsurge and have also indulged in acts of reprisals against the villagers or members of Village Defence Parties. A concerted action is, therefore, necessary to maintain and sustain this anti-Naxal movement."

The government’s move was recently criticised by CPI general secretary A B Bardhan. Although his party is opposed to Naxalites, he warned against pitting innocent villagers against trained and armed Naxalites, causing avoidable bloodshed.

The ground reality in many areas, like Gadchiroli in Maharashtra, has forced the police to shed uniforms and their official vehicles.

Naxal threat forces 10,000 to leave home

PTI[ FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 2005 04:19:40 PM ]

RAIPUR: Succumbing to naxal threat, over 10,000 people in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh have moved to other areas in the past two months.

"In the last two months, over 10,000 people have left their villages, leaving behind belongings. The villagers are being provided all facilities, including tents and medical aid by the state government," state's Revenue and Law Minister Brij Mohan Agrawal said.

Over 100 people including 30 security personnel have been killed, in several incidents during the last two months.

The villagers are either forced or driven out by naxalites for raising voice against three-decade-old Left wing extremism in Bastar region, especially after start of 'Salwa Judum' or peace campaign against Maoists in Bijapur region of Dantewada district.

Naxals gain strength in Maharashtra


Sanjay Tiwari

Thursday, September 22, 2005 (Gadchiroli):

The Communist Party of India (Maoist) is observing the foundation week of the party in the tribal regions of Gadchiroli and Gondia in Maharashtra.

Maharashtra police officials say this is an indication of just how strong their cadre has become in the state.

The naxals had torched a state transport bus in Gadchiroli nearly a month back, and have since burnt down two more buses.

The party was formed on September 21 last year, merging the People's War Group, the Maoist Communist Centre of India and several small factions.

Shifting base

Maharashtra police now say that many naxal terrorists shifted base during the ceasefire in Andhra Pradesh, and have now managed to form a strong network in the state.

"We are concerned that the Naxals have emerged stronger in Maharashtra, as they got time to regroup, gathering arms and funds and recruit more people into their cadre," said Shirish Jain, SP, Gadchiroli.

In the last one year, the naxals have committed over 100 offences in the Gadchiroli and Gondia districts.

They have committed 48 murders, injured many policemen in landmine blasts and guerilla raids, and torched many gram panchayat buildings and state buses.

The police have arrested many locals and even forest guards for conniving with the naxals, but there has still been no breakthrough.

"We are trying to sort out situations because they have also become stronger in their areas," said Pankaj Gupta, Joint Commissioner of Police

With armed counter-offensives failing, Maharashtra police have started awareness camps for tribals--many of them naxal sympathizers, hoping that this battle can be won by winning the hearts.

Mission Possible: An Octogenarian resolves to solve Naxal problem

Friday September 23 2005 00:00 IST
SALEPUR: His only aim is to resolve the Naxal problem in the area and he has been working out formulae towards achieving his aim. He is Natabar Pradhan, an 80-year-old man of Heerapur village under Salepur block.

Natabar wants to utilise his 45 years of experience as a representative of Utkal Navjeevan Mandal, a voluntary organisation of Malati Devi Chaudhury, to solve the rising Naxal problem in the area.

The organisation has been serving the tribals in Koraput, Kalahandi, Sundargarh, Sambalpur, Ganjam, Balangir, Phulbani and Angul districts.

Unhappy with the rising Naxal activities in the tribal dominated districts, Pradhan had written to Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik about 15 days back, seeking an appointment to discuss the issue with him.

Pradhan is confident of providing proper guidance to the State Government for eradication of Naxal menace in the tribal-dominated districts.

Pradhan says, the word Naxal is derived from Naxalbadi, the name of a place in Kolkata and the begetter of Naxal Revolution was Charu Majumdar who had snatched away land from landlords and distributed it among the poor farmers. In Orissa, Kunda Master, a teacher of Andhra Pradesh, started the Naxal revolution in 1965. He was of the opinion that even the Collector and SP can solve the Naxal problem without political interference, if they were given a free hand.

Centre approves Rs 222 crore UP police modernisation plan

The Centre has approved a whopping Rs 222 crore modernisation plan for the Uttar Pradesh police, the highest amount earmarked for any state this fiscal, which includes a substantial package for combating naxal menace.

Of the total amount of Rs 24.11 crore for taking care of the naxal menace in the state, Rs 16.79 crore would be spent on the infrastructural facilities to check naxal activities in the state, Additional Director General of Police S K Rizvi told PTI here.

The major highlight would be special 20 feet long vertical columns of light which can lit up 100 sq yards area, he said adding these would come in handy for dense forest areas like those along the Indo-Nepal border, used as hideouts by the ultras, Rizvi said.

Another important feature of the approved plan is bringing in battery-operated vehicles for routine operations and replacement of generators with invertors in district headquarters to help cut down the recurring cost of fuel, Rizvi said.

Besides, a Rs 5.5 crore project for construction of a police complex in the state capital of Lucknow has been okayed, the adg said.

Thursday, September 22, 2005

Petition against Westin hotel for hosting NAXALITES

Petition against Westin hotel for hosting NAXALITES
To: Westin Hotel Patrons

We, patriotic citizens of America and friends of America, object to
Westin Hotel at Santa Clara in California hosting a sympathizer of a
known terrorist group on Oct 2, 2005 and will boycott Westin Hotel if
the event is not cancelled.

Sandeep Pandey, who is scheduled to be felicitated at the event, has
repeatedly called America "the biggest evil power on earth"[1] and
"the biggest terrorist state."[2] Sandeep Pandey is a sympathizer of
the violent Naxalite group, Communist Party of India
(Marxist-Leninist) Liberation (CPI-ML), which calls for an armed
revolution and for raising an army.[3] He has been a delegate at the
convention of this group honoring the "comrade martyrs", a euphemism
for terrorists killed by police when they attempted violent actions on

The US Department of State has listed certain Naxalite groups as
terror groups for their use of violence to achieve their ends.[5] All
Naxalite groups have the same root and are merely various factions of
the parent group. Most of the time, they break away and rename
themselves in order to evade the State Department's 'terrorist' tag.

CPI-ML has gratefully acknowledged the support of Sandeep Pandey.[6]
Sandeep Pandey has repeatedly expressed solidarity with violent
terrorists, who massacre civilians and law enforcement officials by
blowing them up with landmines.[7] Sandeep Pandey has stressed "the
need of unity of revolutionary Communist organizations like

Patriotic Americans around the country and well-wishers of America
from other democracies object to Westin Hotel hosting a supporter of
violent Communist groups and demand that Westin Hotel immediately
withdraw permission to use its facilities. If Westin Hotel refuses to
withdraw permission, we will boycott Westin Hotel in future. We also
urge all those who care for America and our values to call
888-625-5144 and cancel your reservations at Westin if you have made
any plans to stay with them.

God Bless America! Land of the Free! Home of the Brave!











The Undersigned

Sign the Petition

Wednesday, September 21, 2005

West Bengal : Maoist posters spark sensation

Statesman News Service

BANKURA, Sept. 21 — Several Maoist posters have been recovered from two different locations in Bankura since last evening. The Bankura police was put on high alert yesterday apprehending violence on Maoist unification day today.
It may be recalled that in July Maoists wrecked havoc in Bankura and Purulia, killing two CPI-M leaders and a police officer.
In the Patrasayar area in Bankura two posters, reportedly put up by the Maoists, were noticed. The posters in Bengali warn a CPI-M local committee leader, Mr Laxmi Bez. The posters read: ‘‘Your days are numbered. Stay alert.’’
The posters sparked sensation in the small Patrasayar town that is never known to be a Naxalite hub. Mr K Jayraman, SP, Bankura, said: ‘‘each and every police station in the district was put on high alert considering the unification day and the posters were recovered from a stretch that is not at all known as a Naxalite operating hub.’’
He added: ‘‘we have seized the posters and asked the leaders to move about carefully. The police watchers have also been asked to monitor the situation.”
Mr Ashok Chatterjee, office secretary of the CPI-M in Patrasayar, said the party did not attach much importance to the posters.
The SP, however, said: ‘‘we are yet to verify the authenticity of the posters. It might be a result of someone’s personal grudge and just to create panic the posters were released.’’
In the Fulkusma area in Raipur block, that is known as a Maoist infested zone, several posters were recovered this morning which
canvassed support for a Maoist bandh on 23 September in
Bankura, Purulia and West Midnapore districts. These posters have asked the locals to make the bandh a success.
As part of its strategy to observe the party’s first birth anniversary, the CPI (Maoist) has organised week-long programmes from 21 to 27 September and called a 24-hour Nadia, Murshidabad and Kalna bandh on 22 September.

STF close nets on Dalam leader

Thursday September 22 2005 00:00 IST


BANGALORE: Karnataka Special Task Force sleuths have arrested Gopi alias Kondaiah, a self-styled naxalite leader of the Chitravati Dalam recently.

Gopi, alleged to be behind the massacre of seven police personnel at Venkatamanahalli in Pavagada in February this year, was arrested last week near Pavgada.

Police also recovered land mines allegedly planted beneath a bridge near Pavagada town.

Police said that Gopi alias Kondaiah had allegedly master planned the attack on police personnel during February last in which seven personnel were killed on the spot.

A police-team headed by Tumkur district Superintendent of Police C Harikrishna recovered a grenade at Hussainpur village.

More anti-Naxal joint forces in Centre’s strategy

Task forces to have personnel from states, paramilitary forces: Home


Posted online: Thursday, September 22, 2005 at 0143 hours IST

NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 21: Deviating from the original plan of two Joint Task Forces (JTFs) for all Naxal-hit states, it has been agreed upon in principle that inter-state JTFs will be set up for contiguous states. This was decided today at the high-level meeting chaired by Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil and attended by 13 Naxal-affected states.

Ministry officials said each JTF would comprise police of the states and central paramilitary forces. The command structure and operational modalities will be worked out under Union Home Secretary V K Duggal and the states.

Ministry officials indicated that the JTF command would be rotated. The JTFs are expected to be made operational within a month. Earlier, central paramilitary forces like the CRPF had observed that varying police set-ups in the states and differences in political priorities made a co-ordinated effort against Naxalites difficult. They were also apprehensive about the command structure.

At today’s forum, most states demanded more funds to combat Naxalites. But a comprehensive national-level strategy remained elusive.

Opposition to the original plan of two JTFs came from states like Orissa, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh. Prior to the meeting, Andhra Pradesh CM YSR Reddy told The Indian Express that there was no need for a central strategy as states were competent to devise their own.

Jaya’s plan to tackle Naxals gets Centre’s nod

- By Venkat Parsa

New Delhi, Sept. 21: The Centre has backed the twin-track policy of Tamil Nadu chief minister J. Jayalalithaa in tackling the menace of Naxalism.

While on the one hand, Ms Jayalalithaa has effectively enforced policing, on the other hand, she had recognised Naxalism as a socio-economic problem, calling for greater thrust to the drive for development.

The new approach comes as a silver-lining to the problem. The Congress-led UPA government at the Centre has identified the problem as not merely a law and order problem but as a problem relating to backwardness.

The approach adopted by Ms Jayalalithaa just about tallies with the approach adopted by the Centre on the Naxalite problem.

According to intelligence sources, with 127 Naxal-affected districts spread across 13 states, there is concern over the steady spread of Left-wing extremism to newer areas.

Primarily, backwardness has been considered to a contributory factor for the spread of Naxal violence.

Dharmapuri in Tamil Nadu, for instance, has long swathes of thick forests and hills along its border with Karnataka.

In her recent address at the Chief Ministers’ Conference on Naxalism, Ms Jayalalithaa asserted that the twin-track policy she pursued in Tamil Nadu would be an effective shield against the spreading of Naxalites.

She had banned the Naxalites on July 12 and ordered effective policing to maintain law and order.

The Jayalalithaa government in Tamil Nadu has already taken various stringent measures like neutralising key operatives, checking of illicit explosives and gathering and sharing of intelligence.

Ms Jayalalithaa launched a special development drive in the two Naxal-prone districts of Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri in Tamil Nadu.

In fact, Ms Jayalalithaa urged the Centre for inclusion of these two districts under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act. Ms Jayalalithaa said, "I have ensured that the youth do not fall prey to mischievous propaganda. Self-help groups for the youth is another initative that I have launched." She emphasising the importance of recruitment of persons from the affected villages.

BJP favours setting up of a Unified Command to fight naxalism


BJP today favoured setting up of a Unified Command to fight naxalism spread over several states as it took a dig at the UPA government and Congress-led Andhra Pradesh government for deciding to set up a Joint Task force after failed effort to engage the extremists in talks.

"The Government appears to be moving in the direction of a Unified Command to deal with the naxal problem. This is in the same direction that NDA government had taken," BJP spokesperson Sushma Swaraj told a press conference here.

She said the BJP supported such a move.

However, taking a dig, she said the situation would not have been so bad had the UPA government continued in the same direction as taken by the NDA government.

"The state government is now favouring a Joint Task force only after being in trouble following talks with the naxals," she said atacking the Congress-led governments at both Centre and the state government for not adopting the BJP policy earlier in this regard.

Swaraj was briefing newspersons after a meeting of party General Secretaries with Party President L K Advani, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee besides senior party leaders Jaswant Singh and Venkaiah Naidu.

India to track Maoists through satellite

Published September 21, 2005

NEW DELHI -- The Indian Interior Ministry is exploring the possibility of using satellites to track the movement of Maoist rebels and their bases in remote forests.

"The issue will be discussed soon with Indian Space Research Organization," said an Interior Ministry official Wednesday.

He said the idea was proposed by the chief minister of the state of Chattisgarh during a meeting of chief ministers of Maoist-affected states in New Delhi Monday.

Chief Minister Raman Singh in his presentation said he got the idea from satellite images received by his government recently when it was looking for a suitable site for the new state capital.

"The images were so clear that even buildings, trees and animals could easily be identified," Singh said.

He said the strategy would be highly effective. Senior Home Ministry officials agreed that satellite pictures can identify objects within a 10-metre radius.

Chhattisgarh is one of the 13 Indian states affected by Maoist rebels.

"Even other states were keen on exploring this possibility. If Naxal (Maoist) camps or even a rough image of their location can be obtained, security forces can strike without wasting time searching for them," said a senior home ministry official.

Tuesday, September 20, 2005

AP Home Minister flays media reports on Naxal meet

Wednesday September 21 2005 00:00 IST


HYDERABAD: Andhra Pradesh Home Minister K Jana Reddy, on Tuesday, posed strong objection to media reports on the meeting of Chief ministers and top officials of 13 Naxal-affected states, with respect to Telangana Rashtra Samiti (TRS).

Speaking to newspersons in Hyderabad, Mr Reddy said a section of the media, on Tuesday, reported that Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy had given a power point presentation on Naxal infiltration into the Telangana Jagarana Sena (TJS), an alleged militant outfit of the TRS.

The Minister claimed that the issue of TRS or TJS never came up for discussion at all. Neither the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister nor Director-General of Police Swaranjit Sen or himself ever spoke about TRS and their leaders, Jana Reddy asserted.

“The question of power point presentation does not arise at all.

“In fact, I was the person who stayed till the end of the one-day deliberations on Naxalism,” he explained. Reddy said it was unfortunate that such leading papers had come out with stories without proper confirmation.

“One cannot write what they want in newspapers. There should be some truth in the stories if not complete facts,” he added.

On whether the state government had intelligence reports on Naxals infiltrating into the TJS, Reddy said ginormous information was being received on a daily basis by the authorities.

The Minister said he would like to write to other Chief ministers who participated in the meeting, to condemn any such reports in their regional and local papers.

The Home Minister also reprehended the Union Minister of State for Rural Development A Narendra for his comments on the Chief Minister based on newspaper reports.

He said Narendra should have crosschecked with Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil before issuing a rejoinder.

PWG Naxal -Nepal Maoists Nexus

P V Ramana

Reports from Nepal indicated that a detained Maoist insurgent had admitted on the state-run television on November 17, 2003-nighht that the Maoists insurgents have received training in handling weapons and explosives from the fraternal People’s War Group Naxalites of India. This is for the first time that such admittance was made in public on the national media. However, such reports of the nexus between the Nepalese Maoists and the PWG have been available for some time.

Available literature suggests that the Maoists and the PWG had their first meeting in 1995. In fact, one top Indian security official told this researcher during an interview in Hyderabad, the capital of the southern Indian State of Andhra Pradesh, where the PWG was founded in April 1980, that the PWG had envisioned linking up with extreme Left-wing elements in Nepal in late-1989/1990.

Less than a decade later they did meet up with them and a little over a decade later they began the process of laying a corridor that is now widely referred to as the Revolutionary Corridor (RC) extending from Nepal and stretching across at least five, if not six, Indian States cutting across the central Indian heartland to end somewhere on the northern fringes of Andhra Pradesh, or extend further south, as some other reports have indicated. The entire area has been identified in Maoist literature as a Compact Revolutionary Zone (CRZ). Owing to the sparse availability of literature on the issue it is difficult to pin point the exact route of the RC or the expanse of the CRZ. Some indications are that the RC would turn westward after entering the central Indian State of Chattisgarh, traverse through Madhya Pradesh and re-enter Chattisgarh in the south in the Bastar area, before tapering-off into Andhra Pradesh. Some other indications have been that the RC would, instead, extend eastward after entering Chhattisgarh and move along the western borders Orissa and then move into Madhya Pradesh–Andhra Pradesh.

Irrespective of the route the RC would take, its creation and the emergence of the CRZ hold certain advantages to the insurgents and, thus, significant security implications for India. The objective behind forming the RC and the CRZ is to secure unquestioned control over those areas. Thereafter, it would be easy to transport arms across the RC between India and Nepal depending upon which of the two insurgent groups, the PWG and the Nepalese Maoists, would be able to help the other at varying points in their campaign of violence in their respective areas. Besides, it would also facilitate the quick relocation of rebel cadres to safer areas along the corridor in the face of an intensification of security force operations against the guerrillas.

Further, the Indian Naxalites would then look upon areas adjoining the RC to expand their activities and, thus, attempt to bring under their influence to subsequently gain control over those areas. As it is, the PWG Naxalites have been on an expansion spree for the past over two years and have gained a varying degree of presence––intense to moderate––in parts of 12 Indian States. Eventually, their further expansion would bring in larger and vaster areas under destabilisation, and, as a consequence, require various administrative and security measures by the affected States.

The ties between the Nepalese insurgents and the PWG have intensified, over a period of time. The Maoists had sent a delegate to the 2001 March congress of the PWG held at Abuz Marh in the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. In the local tribal language Abuz Marh means the ‘unknown hill’. According to some media reports, further substantiated by security officials, some among the highest leadership––the central committee––of the PWG have established their base in that region to direct the affairs of the outfit from the nearly impregnable forest which is part of the Dandakaranya that stretches across central India.

On January 25, 2002, the politburo of the central committee of the Maoists resolved at its meeting to oppose and campaign against the proscription of the PWG, besides that of the largely Bihar-based Maoist Communist Center, another fraternal group, under the Prevention of Terrorism Act (POTA) by the Indian Government. Subsequently, a central committee member of the PWG belonging to Maharashtra and his Nepalese counterpart, C P Gajurel ‘Gaurav’, currently (November 2003) under detention in Chennai after being caught with a fake passport, issued a joint statement.

Not only this, both the groups, together with 10 other fraternal outfits from South Asia, have formed in July 2001what is known as the Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organisations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA). The objective of this Maoist front is to ‘share experiences’ and help the spread of the Maoist campaign of violent revolution to various parts of the South Asian region. Maoist groups belonging to Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka are members of CCOMPOSA. Apart from meeting twice already, this front has recently, in November 2003, issued a joint statement in the name of all its 12 members, in which it condemned what it said what the existence of a joint US-India axis against the Maoist insurgents in Nepal and exhorted Indians to oppose US actions in Iraq, as well as called upon the Indian Government not to send it s troops to Iraq. To place things in the correct context, in fact, the Indian Government has, long before this exhortation, decided not to send troops to Iraq.

Besides, and apart from their joint presence in CCOMPOSA, the Indian Naxalites and the Maoist insurgents, according to media reports, have formed what is known as the India-Nepal Joint Regional Committee in the year 2002 to coordinate activities in the border areas. Further, an Indian Naxalite leader belonging to Bihar is alleged to be on the central committee of the Maoists insurgents of Nepal

It, thus, emerges that the nexus between the two groups is not merely romantic but has operational content and indications are that it would further strengthen. Such an eventuality is neither in the interest of Nepal nor India.

Monday, September 19, 2005

Joint force to curb rebels


New Delhi, Sept. 19: After failing to arrive at a consensus for unified action against Naxalites, the chief ministers of the affected states agreed at the first standing committee meeting today to form inter-state joint task forces to police the contiguous borders.

Instead of the proposed two task forces of five and six states each, each state will have several task forces depending on its borders, said a Union home ministry official. Jharkhand could have five such forces as it shares borders with five Naxalite-affected states.

The formation of the task forces is not binding and if two neighbouring states think formation of such a force is needed to curb Naxalism, they could form one.

The modalities and command structure of these task forces will be decided by home secretary V.K. Duggal in consultation with chief secretaries of the states.

“The states, however, have been asked to make these JTFs operational soon,” said the official.

The meeting could not throw up a consensus on a unified action plan against Naxalites as there were different views on the severity of the problem and how to tackle it.

A couple of chief ministers wanted a Centre-backed unified strategy to deal with the rebels, but others thought it would create problems as law and order is a state subject.

The chief ministers, however, used the opportunity to press for central funds for development activities in rebel-affected areas to wean people away from Naxalites.

Madhya Pradesh chief minister Babulal Gaur sought as much as Rs 500 crore to take up development activities.

Andhra Pradesh chief minister Y.S. Rajasekhar Reddy wanted the Centre to help raise two India Reserve Battalions, implement the rural employment guarantee scheme in all Naxalite-affected districts and provide cheap credit and loans.

Union home minister Shivraj Patil said a special group would be constituted in every state to set up effective structures at the state and district levels for better governance and faster socio-economic development in Naxalite-affected areas.

Maoists call 24-hour bandh

Statesman News Service

KRISHNAGAR, Sept. 19 — As part of its strategy to observe the party’s first birth anniversary, the CPI (Maoist) has organised week-long programmes from 21 to 27 September and called a 24-hour Nadia, Murshidabad and Kalna bandh on 22 September.
The Maoist activists have flooded the towns with posters at prominent places saying that the bandh has been called for reasonable prices of jute and to protest against the hike in power tariff. They also protested against the state government’s plan to sell off farmers’ lands in the name of development.

Meanwhile, the Bangla and Bangla Bhasha Banchao Committee has also called a Bangla bandh on 17 October to save Bangla and Bangla Bhasha.
The MCC, the CPI (ML) and the PW had merged to form a new entity, the CPI (Maoist) on 21 September last year somewhere in their projected ‘‘liberated zone’’.

12-hr bandh on
23 Sept.

Maoists have called a 12-hour bandh on 23 September in the Belpahari, Lalgar, Salboni and Goaltore areas of Midnapore West district.
The outfit will observe 21 September as its first anniversary. On this day in 2004 the CPI (Maoist) emerged with the amalgation of the PW and the MCC on the same platform.
The bandh call has been given by the zonal committee of the CPI (Maoist). Hand-written posters on white paper with red ink have been found at Kankrajhore, Odolchua, Banspahari, Tamajuri, Belpahari, Bholabheda, Hoomgar and Goaltore in the district.
Similar posters have also appeared at Fulkusma and Ranibandh in Bankura district.
Through the posters the Maoists have warned the police for building up their sources among villagers.
They have also warned the villagers for acting as agents of the police, reminding them that they have been trapped.
The Midnapore police have opened some schools in the Maoist-infested region of the district in a bid to woo villagers back from the Naxalite fold. The police have also organised health camps and took their children to Kolkata recently for sight-seeing.
The police have asked the people to ignore the bandh call and not to be cowed down by the Naxalite threat.
To boost people’s morale three bus-loads of para-military forces have been despatched to the Belpahari region today.
Forces will be deployed in other areas, too, though CRPF personnel have been camping there for months.
Meanwhile, about 1,200 residents, including women, children and the aged, mostly from the SC and ST community, were treated in a medical camp organised jointly by the Association of the Medicos of India and the district police at Purnapani in Lalgar yesterday.
They were given medicines by the organisers. Most of the patients have stomach and gynaecological problems, said Dr Sanjoy Mohanto of the AMI.

Black Thunder over Jharkhand

Statesman News Service

RANCHI, Sept. 19. — Operation Black Thunder is underway and has started showing results, claim the top-brass of Jharkhand police.

A major offensive against Naxalite rebels in and around the Saranda Forest area led by the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) along with Jharkhand and Orissa police, has resulted in the destruction of at least three rebel camps, hideouts and training camps and seizure of Naxalite literature, uniforms and items of daily livelihood. There are also reports about the arrests of suspected Naxal rebels and some leaders from Giridih and Gomiah areas.

Operation Black Thunder started on the morning of 17 September from four separate locations around Saranda Forest in Chaibasha district. Importance was given to areas close to the Dangra Pahar area and the ravines of Gurabandha in the forest. Special combing operation was conducted across select areas of the forest, which is considered a Naxalite stronghold.

The operation, led by Mr DK Pandey, IG Ranchi Range, is being assisted by Mr Rezi Dungdung, DIG, Jharkhand Armed Police, Mr Ramchandra Ram, DIG, Kolhan region, Mr Ashis Batra, superintendent of police, Jamshedpur and Mr Sudhir Kumar Jha, additional superintendent of police, Jamshedpur, who are leading separate groups in the offensive.
According to police officers, nine companies of CRPF personnel, two companies of Special Task Force jawans and six companies of Jharkhand Armed Police personnel are being deployed for the offensive, which is seen as the state government’s reaction to the Belwaghati massacre in Giridih district, where 15 people were gunned down by Naxalite rebels.

Senior police officers have said that police high-ups involved in the operation have also organised football competitions in the areas to boost the morale of villagers living under the constant threat of rebel attacks.

Medical camps have also been organised and blankets and utensils have been distributed to poverty stricken people living in remote areas of the state. Raids have been intensified in Paura Pahar hills close to Jaradungri.

In a parallel move in Ranchi, the state home minister, Mr Sudesh Mahato gave his nod to raising five more battalions of Indian Reserve Force in the state. State home department officials have said that the battalions would be headquartered at Manoharpur in West Singhbhum district, Netarhat in Latehar district, Bagodar in Giridih district, Pratapur in Chatra district and one in Ranchi. The state already has two battalions of Indian Reserve Force including a women’s wing. Proposals have also been approved by state home department officials about the recruitment of about 5,000 youths from Naxalite-prone districts of the state, for the new battalions, in the line with the Centre’s new policy of employment generation in extremist-hit zones.

YSR slams TRS: They are friends of Maoists


NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 19 For the first time after ties soured in Andhra Pradesh, Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy today launched a frontal attack on the Telangana Rashtra Samiti, saying it was ‘‘putting up friendly postures towards Maoists and their front organisations’’ and raising a semi-military outfit for its goal of a separate state.

In his speech at the meeting of CMs of Naxal-affected states, Reddy pointed out that TRS chief and Union Minister K Chandrasekhara Rao had called on revolutionary writer Varavara Rao in jail in Hyderabad. Virasam, the writer’s outfit, was banned by the government along with the CPI (Maoist) last month.

‘‘While condemning all political parties, the Maoists exempted the TRS. Congress became the hot target for Naxals,’’ Reddy said.

He claimed that the TRS had raised a semi-military outfit called Telangana Jagaran Sena to get to its goal of a separate Telangana and an ex-RSS member was training the unit. He said the Maoists were using ‘‘foreign links’’ to obtain sophisticated radio sets which allowed them to monitor police communication and movements.


Gaur seeks aid: Govt to form task force against Naxals


New Delhi, Sept 19 The Chief Ministers of Naxal-affected states met Home Minister Shivraj Patil in the capital today.

They have mandated the Home Minister to draw out the modalities and framework for the proposed interstate joint task force.

The joint task force will be constituted for gathering and sharing of tactical intelligence and to undertake synergized and co-ordinated operations including hot pursuits across state boundaries against Naxal organisations.

The high-level meeting was attended by Madhya Pradesh chief minister Babulal Gaur, TN chief minister J Jayalalitha, Karnataka chief minister Dharam Singh, Chhattisgrh chief minister Raman Singh, Andhra Pradesh chief minister Y Rajshekhar Reddy, Orissa chief minister Naveen Patnaik and Jharkhand chief minister Arjun Munda.

While Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have already banned naxal organisations in their states, Orissa has indicated that it's against any such move. However, a dispute among states on the command structure of the JTFs has hampered these operations.

Madhya Pradesh Chief Minister Babulal Gaur has asked the Centre clear a grant of Rs 500 crore to the state to counter Naxal operations and development in Naxal affected areas.

He has also said that one extra battalion of paramilitary forces should be given to Madhya Pradesh to counter naxal operations.

Gaur is not at all in favour of a joint task force but is for closer co-operation between police forces of various states.

So far, only Andhra and Orissa have carried out such operations with Naxals escaping to the bordering states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

This time, the Ministry would suggest that the leadership of the JTFs be rotated among states that comprise the force or be given to the senior-most officer.

With Naxal-related violence increasing, CRPF Director General J K Sinha had recently said that Naxals have created a ''war-like situation'', while calling for a unified strategy.

The Ministry, meanwhile, has increased allocation for development purposes and police modernisation, and has increased funding to states under Security Related Funds (SRF).

At the last meeting in Hyderabad this June, the states-Centre coordination panel had agreed on coordinated action and setting up two joint task forces.


Joint task force to share intelligence and co-ordinated operations

Orissa against ban on Naxals

Mandate to draw out JTFs

Gaur seeks extra battalion of paramilitary

Gaur for co-operation between police forces of various states

Sunday, September 18, 2005

West Bengal CM urges Assam to curb Maoist infiltrators

Express News Service

Kolkata, September 18: More than 130 personnel of the West Bengal Police were decorated by Chief Minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee at the investiture ceremony of the police force held at the Science City auditorium in Kolkata earlier this evening.

Personnel of the state police were presented with four types of medals, with 75 policemen being awarded the Seva Medal, 49 being awarded the Prashamsa Medal and 10 being awarded the Nishtha Medal. The investiture ceremony, which was started in 2003, saw no takes for the Sourya Medal this year.

Addressing the gathering, the Chief Minister had only high praise for the state’s police. “The West Bengal Police is doing an exemplary job, and it is in recognition of this exemplary conduct that the medals are awarded,” said Bhattacharjee.

The Chief Minister also said that the neighbouring states like Assam had been intimated about the growing problem of Maoist incursion from neighbouring nations. “There is a problem of Maoist incursion into the border areas of states like West Bengal and Assam from neighbours like Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. We have informed the Government of Assam about this growing threat that needs to be tackled immediately,” declared the Chief Minister

NAXALS call for poll boycott in Bihar


Gaya, Sept. 18: The Communist Party of India (Maoist), formed by the merger of the People’ War and the Maoist Communist Centre, has given a call to boycott the coming Assembly elections in Bihar.

The boycott call has come in the form of a two-page printed appeal issued by the Bihar-Jharkhand Special Area Committee of the rebel outfit.

The Naxalites have been giving poll boycott calls for more than two decades and those who “defy” their diktat have often faced “punishment” in the jan adalats organised by the extremists.

Besides punishing the “violators”, the Naxalites have also ambushed poll personnel and attacked booths in the state on several occasions.

Justifying its poll boycott call, the CPI(Maoist) has alleged that the present system of governance has failed to address the “real” issues concerning the people and only protected the interests of the privileged classes.

West BEngal CM alert on rebel activity


Calcutta, Sept. 18: The chief minister today said the Kamtapur Liberation Organisation (KLO) was making fresh attempts to reorganise itself in north Bengal and the Naxalites were trying to form a corridor through the region up to Nepal.

“But the Naxalites would not be able to form their desired corridor through Bengal,” Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee said in the city at an awards-giving programme for state police personnel.

“We have defeated the Naxalites in every form — politically, ideologically and through administrative means. They will not be able to form the channel to Nepal through this state,” he said.

The chief minister admitted that the Naxalites were “creating problems”, but that was because they were using the rugged terrain and forests in Jharkhand. “It would not have been such a huge problem if it were not for the jungles and the mountains.”

Bengal, particularly its police force, has been the target of several attacks by the Naxalites, who have a firm base in at least three districts — Purulia, Bankura and West Midnapore — in the past few years.

Bhattacharjee’s concern about the Maoists creating a corridor with Nepal springs from intelligence reports about a section of the rebel leaders from different countries, including Nepal and Sri Lanka, meeting in Bangladesh to chalk out plans to strengthen base in Bengal.

The IB papers mention that the meet would focus on the state as the Maoists are “not banned in Bengal”. Two Maoist leaders from here are expected to participate in the meet.

The chief minister, who is in charge of the police daprtment, claimed that law and order in Bengal was better compared with most others. Problems because of religious flare-ups or caste issues do not occur in the state.

“Even then, crimes do take place, but the state after all, is part of the country,” he said.

Naxalite training hub in cop dragnet


Jamshedpur, Sept. 18: West Singhbhum district police and jawans of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) were successful in capturing a Naxalite training camp-cum-hideout on Friday night at Dharmdwar, under Gua police station, in West Singhbhum.

Following their success the forces intensified their combing operations from today.

The superintendent of police, West Singhbhum, Navin Kumar Singh, said the police demolished the training camp in the saal forests of Saranda and recovered four high-explosive bombs from the site.

“Piles of Naxalite literature and other items of daily use were also recovered from the site. It appears that the rebels used to train new recruits in the inaccessible areas of the forest,” Singh said.

He further added that the activists of Maoists might have been using the training camp for masterminding operations in different parts of the district.

“The camp is strategically placed in the forest. The altitude and dense foliage prevent outsiders from locating the camp, while the height proves to be a vantage point for the rebels to keep a watch on the civilians and police alike and plan their ventures accordingly,” Singh added.

The sources added that the district police chief and commandant of the CRPF have now agreed to concentrate on the operation in southern parts of the forest.

“The state home ministry appears to be serious this time and has directed the district police chief to continue the operation periodically,” a senior policeman said.

In a major breakthrough last week (on September 12), the district police arrested six rebels from the extremist-ravaged Manoharpur block of the district.

The nabbed rebels are believed to be responsible for the Bitkilsoye and Baliba police massacres in the Saranda reserve.

In addition to the Naxalite arrests, the police have also recovered a 0.303 calibre rifle, about 60 rounds of ammunition, bombs used in mortar guns, computer and many other sophisticated items used during encounters.

Police sources believe the rebels shuttle between the border of Jharkhand and Orissa in order to hoodwink the police in either states and streamline their attacks.

Naxal brigade gets into bandit territory



NEW DELHI: Naxals have found a haven in the 6,000 sq km dense forest area, once dominated by forest brigand Veerappan, bordering Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala.

They are not only using it as their new hideout, but also as a resource centre which would finance their nation-wide operation through sandalwood smuggling.

Though these three states are still on the fringe of the Naxals’ "Compact Revolutionary Zone" (CRZ) covering nine states, the recently imposed ban on CPI (Maoist) in AP and Chhattisgarh has pushed the armed extremists towards the Urigam-Male Mahadeswara Hills-Sathyamang alam-Gundiyal forests.

Elimination of the forest brigand and his gang has made it possible for the Naxals to make it their new hideout and subsequently reap the rich forest wealth.

This revelation is part of a comprehensive report prepared for discussion during the meeting of chief ministers of the affected states to be held here on Monday.
"The report has been prepared on the basis of information provided by the Intelligence Bureau and intelligence wings of different states. Besides mentioning areas of Naxal operation, the report also talks about the economics of the entire CRZ which has led the Naxals to make bases in different states," said a senior home ministry official.

Quoting the 21-page report, the official said it was basically the economics of the axis of the entire forest area covering Jharkhand-Madhya Pradesh-Chhattisgarh and the border of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala which has made the entire stretch a Naxal hotbed.

The rich forests have attracted them for the purpose of having their hideouts as well as supporting them through the illegal trade in Khair trees (Jharkhand), Tendu leaves (MP and Chhattisgarh) and sandalwood (MM Hills-Sathyamangalam forests).

The axis southwards could be completed with the elimination of Veerappan, he added. Khair wood is used in the dye industry and is the main ingredient of pan masala.

Just one kilogram of the wood fetches Rs 40-50. The Jharkhand forest area is full of Khair trees. The report also mentions an attempt by Indian Maoists to establish contact with their Nepalese counterparts.

On Naxals, Home wants states to act


Posted online: Monday, September 19, 2005 at 0045 hours IST

NEW DELHI, SEPTEMBER 18: The Home Ministry will look for a ‘‘seal of approval’’ from chief ministers of Naxal-affected states to carry out coordinated operations across borders at the meeting on Left extremism here tomorrow.

Home Secretary V K Duggal told The Indian Express that the meeting’s thrust will be on ‘‘joint action by states’’. The high-level meeting, chaired by Home Minister Shivraj Patil, is likely to be attended by 13 CMs.

Duggal, however, denied that the Centre plans to ask states to ban Naxalite outfits. ‘‘It’s up to the states to do so,’’ he said. Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have banned such outfits while Orissa has indicated that it’s against any such move.

At their last meeting in Hyderabad this June, the states-Centre coordination panel, chaired by Duggal, had agreed on coordinated action and setting up two joint task forces (JTFs) for anti-Naxal operations across the Compact Revolution Zone (CRZ).

However, a dispute among states on the command structure of the JTFs has hampered these operations. Only Andhra and Orissa have carried out such operations with Naxals escaping to the bordering states of Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand. This time, the Ministry would suggest that the leadership of the JTFs be rotated among states that comprise the force or be given to the senior-most officer.

With Naxal-related violence increasing, CRPF Director General J K Sinha had recently said that Naxals have created a ‘‘war-like situation’’, while calling for a unified strategy.

The Ministry, meanwhile, has increased allocation for development purposes and police modernisation, and has increased funding to states under Security Related Funds (SRF).

Maoists to call State-wide bandh on Sep 19

Monday September 19 2005 00:00 IST

HYDERABAD: The banned CPI(Maoist), on Sunday, called for a Statewide bandh on September 19, to remonstrate the recent killings of the civil liberties activists by outfits named ‘Cobras’.

CPI(Maoist) State secretary Ramakrishna, in a statement, accused Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy, Home Minister K Jana Reddy and State Director General of Police (DGP) Swaranjeet sen of resorting to double standards while dealing with the Naxals issue in the State.

The government was saying that it was in favour of resolving the issue of Naxals but on the other hand it had killed Naxal leaders in fake encounters, he said and urged the people to make the bandh a success.

The CPI(Maoist) would also punish the Congress leaders, ministers and MLAs in front of the public, he added.

Maoists call AP bandh on Sep 19

Hyderabad, Sep 18 (UNI) The banned CPI(Maoist) today called for a statewide bandh on September 19, to protest the recent killings of the civil liberties activists by an outfit named 'Cobras.' CPI(Maoist) state Secretary Ramakrishna, in a statement, accused Chief Minister Y S Rajasekhara Reddy, Home Minister K Jana Reddy and state Director General of Police (DGP) Swaranjeet Sen of resorting to double standards while dealing with the issue in the state.

The government was saying that it was in favour of resolving the issue of naxals but on the other hand it had killed naxal leaders in fake encounters, he said urging the people to make the bandh a success.

Is CPI-Maoist banned or not in Jharkhand?

Monday September 19 2005 00:00 IST


RANCHI: The bureaucracy and police in Jharkhand are confused whether the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) is banned in the state or not, putting law enforcers in a dilemma.

When the question of the ban status cropped up in the wake of the recent massacre by CPI-Maoist activists in Beluwaghati village, Chief Minister Arjun Munda said the Maoists were already banned in the state and there was no need to impose a fresh ban.

The CPI-Maoist was formed after the merger of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) and the People's War Group (PWG) in September last year. The two outfits were banned in the erstwhile, undivided state of Bihar and no fresh notification was issued to ban them after Jharkhand was carved out in November 2000.

"As the MCC and PWG were banned outfits, the organisation formed by uniting their merger stands automatically banned. It does not need to be banned afresh," said Munda.

His police chief, however, stated that the new outfit was not yet banned in the state. "A proposal to ban the CPI-Maoist in Jharkhand was sent to the home department two months ago," director general of police (DGP) V.D. Ram told IANS.

Reacting to the proposal, home secretary J.B. Tubid said, "The CPI-Maoist is banned in Jharkhand."

But the state police apparently do not consider the CPI-Maoist as a banned organisation and hence book its activists under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) and not any anti-terror law.

The different stands taken by the chief minister and the police chief have left the entire police machinery confused.

"Whom should we believe? If an organisation is banned, then its activities are considered anti-national and we can act according to the anti-terror laws. In other cases, anybody found indulging in subversive activities is booked under the IPC," said a police official

Naxals: Home Ministry wants states to unite

Monday September 19 2005 00:00 IST

NEW DELHI: The Home Ministry will look for a “seal of approval'' from chief ministers of Naxal-affected states to carry out coordinated operations across borders at the meeting on Left extremism here on Monday.

Home Secretary V K Duggal told The Indian Express that the meeting's thrust will be on “joint action by states''. The high-level meeting, chaired by Home Minister Shivraj Patil, is likely to be attended by 13 CMs.

Duggal, however, denied that the Centre plans to ask states to ban Naxalite outfits. “It's up to the states to do so,'' he said. Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh have banned such outfits while Orissa has indicated that it's against any such move.

At their last meeting in Hyderabad this June, the states-Centre coordination panel, chaired by Duggal, had agreed in principle on coordinated action and setting up two joint task forces for anti-Naxal operations across the Compact Revolution Zone (CRZ).

However, a dispute among states on the command structure of the JTF have made such operations impossible. Only Andhra and Orissa have carried out such operations with Naxals escaping to bordering states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

This time, the Home Ministry would suggest that the leadership of the JTFs be rotated among states that comprise the force or be given to the senior-most officer.

With Naxal-related violence increasing, CRPF Director General J K Sinha had recently said that Naxals have created a “war-like situation'', while calling for a unified strategy.

The Ministry, meanwhile, has increased allocation for development purposes and police modernisation, and has increased funding to states under Security Related Funds (SRF).

BJP for re-introduction of POTA

Chennai, Sept 18 (PTI) The BJP today demanded reintroduction of the controversial anti-terrorism act POTA, which it said had been repealed by the UPA government with an eye on vote bank politics.
In a resolution at the National Executive meeting here, the Party said India should initiate a global strategy at an international forum to combat terror.

"Terrorism has afflicted the country from Kashmir to Kanyakumari and ISI and Islamic terrorist groups had been accelerating their activities without inhibition," it said adding that the situation was worse in Northeastern states.

The administration had completely collapsed in Assam and other Northeastern states, where "it appears the terrorist organization like ULFA are calling the shots", the resolution on Internal Security said.

It also cautioned the Centre while carrying on dialogue with Pakistan, saying New Delhi should always be on a "high alert" about Pakistan's designs to foment terrorism on Indian soil.

The Centre should keep a "sharp eye" on activities of ISI, Islamic outfits and organizations like ULFA, it said.

On the Naxalite problem, BJP advocated a common strategy to face the threats by them. "Security forces in the naxalite-invested states should be provided with latest arms, for which the Center should bear the expenses as the Naxalite menace was a national issue." Special steps for integrated development of Naxalite infested areas should be taken, the BJP said advising the government not to lose sight of the Maoist problem in Nepal while handling such situations.

On large-scale infiltration from Bangladesh, the party said the Center should respect the Supreme Court Judgement striking down The IMDT act. "No attempt should be made to bring the act through back doors," the resolution said adding that the party would launch an intensive agitation in case the government tried to do so.

"Illegal infiltrators should be deported to Bangladesh and multi-purpose identity cards should be provided to the citizens in the border states, the party said in the resolution. PTI

Indian Maoists fight on

In rural India, a communist insurgency simmers but some fighters grow weary


By Mustafa Quraishi


Sunday, September 18, 2005

IN THE NALLAMALLA FOREST, India -- The secret camp is hidden deep in the forest, reached after hours of travel up the Krishna River on a series of boats.

Dozens of Naxalites -- communist insurgents who have been fighting the Indian government for 25 years -- have gathered to remember comrades lost in battles with the police. For one night, they allow a few journalists, including an Associated Press photographer, to join them.

Capitalism has firmly taken hold in India, which now has one of Asia's fastest growing economies.

But across the country, particularly in rural areas, millions still live in dire poverty, and the call of communist revolution -- combined with a vow to end caste divisions -- remains powerful for some villagers.

The Naxalites, who take their name from the Indian town of Naxalbari where the movement was founded, are thought to have hundreds of fighters spread across southern and eastern India.

But they are strongest here, in the southern state of Andhra Pradesh.

To their believers, they are warriors intent on ending centuries of oppression.

To their critics, they are criminals who support their militancy with robberies and extortion.

But clearly, the Naxalites can be dangerous: More than 6,000 people have been killed since the rebellion began.

"We started in 1980, and we have become a people's guerrilla army," says Shamba Shivru Ilyas Sudhakar, a local Naxalite commander, addressing his followers at the gathering. "There is no other way but of Mao, which can help the poor of the world."

Some of his own followers, though, aren't so sure. They talk quietly of leaving the rebels.

One of them is a young woman, who joined the fighters a few years ago just out of her teens, hoping she could help end centuries of feudal rule.

Now she is terrified she might be killed, and wonders if there is any point to a life spent in the forest.

The woman, who asked not to identified to protect against retribution, regrets she speaks only Telugu, the regional language, and not Hindi, the language of much of India.

Meeting a visiting photographer, she summons up her few words of Hindi to beg for help: "Teach me Hindi, and take me out of here."

BJP expresses concern over internal security

Chennai | September 18, 2005 6:25:02 PM IST

The three-day national executive meeting of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to an end on Sunday with the party expressing deep concern over the internal security scenario in the country under the United Progressive Alliance Government.

Alleging that the UPA Government had understated the threat posed by the Naxalites and infiltration, a statement released by the BJP said that the Congress and the Left were buys in their old game of vote bank politics.

The statement, which outlined terrorism, Naxalism and illegal infiltration as major challenges on security front, alleged that for UPA, political consideration was more important than national security.

"The recent daring attack on the Ram Lalla's temple at Ayodhya underlines the casual approach of both the UPA at the Centre and the Samajwadi Party Government in Uttar Pradesh on the vital issue of security," it said.

Pointing at the frequent terrorist attacks in the North-eastern states, the BJP alleged a complete collapse of administration in these parts, saying the Congress regimes in these States have a soft corner for the terrorists, and it is the terrorists who call the shots here.

The BJP also perceived Naxalism as a big threat for internal security, saying 159 districts spread in 13 States in the country were under the evil influence of this violent creed.

Mentioning the increased Naxal activities in several States, the statement said: "It is ironical that while various Naxalite formulation are seeking to work together, the Centre and the State Government have hardly any coordination".

Criticizing UPA's Naxal-related policies, the BJP said that while in Naxalites were banned in one State, they were free to operate in other. owever, in order to get rid of this menace, the BJP demanded the Centre to call a meeting of Chief Ministers of Naxal-affected States and security experts. (ANI)

JOKE : We are peace-lovers, says Kalyan Rao

Sunday September 18 2005 11:13 IST

RAJAHMUNDRY: Viplava Rachayitala Sangham (Virasam) president G Kalyan Rao was produced before the court of Third Additional Judicial First Class Magistrate S Chandrasekhar here on Saturday in connection with a case registered against him by the Rajavommangi Police.

The judge sent him in remand to the Central Prison, Rajahmundry. When Kalyan Rao requested that he be sent to Chanchalguda jail, the Judge said that his jurisdiction permitted him to send the accused to the Rajahmundry Central Prison and directed the jail authorities to hand him over to the escort party from Chanchalguda jail after completing admission-related procedures.

The Rajavommangi police registered a case against the Virasam leader under IPC sections 153 B and C and 506 charging him with making speeches on October 2 last year inciting the police personnel to revolt against higher-ups.

In his submission, Kalyan Rao said the FIR copy served on him was full of factual errors.

He maintained that Virasam was not affiliated to the Maoists as the former was formed three decades ago, while the latter was formed hardly six months ago.

He claimed that the triumvirate comprising he, balladeer Gadar and Vara Vara Rao were peace-lovers and never incited violence.

He also pointed out that his name was wrongly mentioned in the FIR as K Kalyana Rao.

Later, in a veiled reference to the anti-Naxal killer gangs like Narsa Cobras, he said that there were cobras both ‘within and outside’ the jail.

While the cobras outside were out to kill him, the cases ‘foisted’ against him could also be likened to cobras.

Kalyan Rao was taken to the Central Prison, from where he was handed over to the escort party that brought him. The escort party left for Chanchalguda jail at 2 pm.

Later, Advocates Muppalla Subba Rao, N Madhusudan Rao and Vedangi Chitti Babu filed a bail petition on behalf of Kalyan Rao.

Use of force against naxals justified

Special Correspondent

Shivraj Patil for coordinated approach between Central and State Governments

EXCHANGING PLEASANTRIES: The Chief Minister, Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy, greeting the Union Home Minister, Shivraj Patil, with a bouquet in Hyderabad on Saturday. The Home Minister, K. Jana Reddy, is also seen. — Photo: Mohd. Yousuf

HYDERABAD: The Union Home Minister, Shivraj Patil, has justified the use of force against naxalites saying the measure will be effective in tackling the menace as the last resort after options of economic development and dialogue are exhausted.

Speaking to reporters after reviewing the passing-out parade by 151 trainee sub-inspectors at the National Industrial Security Academy (NISA) at Hakimpet here on Saturday, Mr. Patil said a coordinated approach between Central and State Governments and people were required to address the problem.

One of the methods that could be adopted in the process was economic development. The next step could be to enter into a dialogue with naxal leaders.

"If economic development and dialogue are not helping, we have to use our forces effectively," he remarked.

Mr. Patil said the Centre did not wish to impose its ideas on State Governments at the meeting of the Chief Ministers of naxalite-affected States on Monday. The Centre would hear them and see how best they could implement a coordinated approach.

The Chief Ministers would be assured of all help by the Centre.

He also said the domain of activity of the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) would be expanded to cover disaster management and security of VVIPs.

CISF role

He described the CISF as the most disciplined forces which was in demand both within and outside the country.

Earlier, addressing the trainee SIs, he said the CISF would play a pivotal role in providing security at the airports whose numbers would increase three or four fold in the next decade. The volume of domestic and international flights would also take a quantum jump.

Mr. Patil asked the CISF to prepare itself to meet contingencies like tsunami, earthquake and floods as disaster management would also form part of its profile. The force should be prepared to meet any magnitude of disaster.

P.V. Krishna Reddy, Director, NISA, said the CISF personnel guarded industrial wealth worth over Rs. 1 lakh crore. The force had a strength of 94,000 and provided security to 262 establishments. The Director-General of CISF, S.I.S. Ahmed, was also present. The Home Minister presented the trophy instituted by the Ministry of Urban Development to trainee sub-inspector, Gaurav Kumar, who was adjudged the best all-rounder.