Saturday, October 21, 2006

ASHA PROJECTS:Where does all the money go?

ASHA PROJECTS:Where does all the money go? by Nirupama Rajan and Radha Rajan

This chapter is Chapter 8 in the book “NGOs, Activists and Foreign Funds: Anti-nation Industry” (Ed. Radha Rajan and Krishen Kak, Vigil Public Opinion Forum, 2006) and focuses on foreign funds received by Sandeep Pandey’s ASHA. In this chapter, we will be looking at some of the projects that ASHA has funded in India by raising money from across the U.S and Europe. And yet, Sandeep Pandey when questioned about ‘foreign funds’, refused the claim and declared that ‘on principle’ he was against foreign funds. We present the news report that carried Sandeep Pandey’s preposterous claim at the end and present tChapter 8 of the Vigil book online for readers to judge for themselves not only ASHA’s accounting practices but also the motives behind awarding the Magsaysay.

Nirupama Rajan downloaded all the projects funded by ASHA from ASHA’s website: Click The website allows us to download by Year, Chapter or Projects. There are altogether 1,53 8 projects under this category. The projects are numbered chronologically and mention the Chapter, if any, which funded the project and the amount of money granted to the project in a particular year. If a project has been granted money for four years, either consecutive or otherwise, by the same Chapter or different Chapters, the project is listed four times at different chronological numbers, with the names of the Chapters making the grant, the year of the grant and the amount of money granted.

Nirupama made an XL file of the data so downloaded with filters so that we could look for any information Chapter-wise, project-wise, money-wise or year-wise. Radha ran a random check of the projects listed on the website to critically examine the kind of projects that were being ‘shepherded’, as the Magsaysay citation put it, by Sandeep Pandey. She found that some projects had the basics – Chapter, year, money and description while many had only sketchy or no details at all. Some projects carried details of so-called ‘project reports’ while some indicated the reports on the webpage which, however, did not open. This was both Nirupama’s and Radha’s experience. In this chapter, we are not even getting into the issue of whether FCRA has verified the truth or otherwise about whether these projects really exist on the ground, whether targets have been achieved and if the funds really reached the intended end-source and the like. We are only examining the details provided by ASHA on its website about the projects and the funds received. We take the data as presented by ASHA at face value and subject it to critical scrutiny.

Obviously, this chapter is about exposing what we think are gross accounting inadequacies, to put it charitably. As Radha began to analyse the projects listed on ASHA’s website, she stumbled upon no fewer than five Pandey funding beneficiaries – Sandeep, Mahesh, Vallabhacharya, Asha and Sudhakar – all apparently connected. We also do know that that there have been meetings of ASHA office-bearers over the issue of accounting. When one of them suggests hiring a professional chartered accountant on a salary, Sandeep Pandey says he finds the idea of a professional accountant ‘uncomfortable’ and suggests that they continue with one of them taking care of accounts, while a trustee called Shanmuga expressed the view that for NGOs a professional and paid accountant is ‘dangerous’
( Click ).

We can now understand why!

1. Uncorrelated contributions over two years.

Poorna Vidya Project, money given only by Chennai Chapter.
Rs 95 Chennai Chapter 2004
Rs 1,78,360 Chennai Chapter 2005

Project Description:
Volunteers of ASHA Chennai have also been participating in the Chennai Citizen’s Forum that looks at improving the Chennai Corporation Schools. In late 2003, the Pitt Macdonald lodge of the Free Masons society approached ASHA Chennai to take up improvements at a Corporation school as a pilot project which can then be expanded to cover more such schools. The contacts made through Chennai Citizens’ Forum and the proposal from the Pitt Macdonald Lodge fit in perfectly with ASHA Chennai’s vision to improve the government schools. We undertook the project to improve corporation primary school, Paindiyamman Koil Street, Odaikuppam (opp. Ashtalakshmi Koil, Besant Nagar) in Zone No. 10.


To facilitate learning in the classroom through creation of learning corners within each classroom, through provision of a variety of age appropriate material. Organising children to work as a group and as individuals. Linking the material with subjects. To build the capacity of the teachers in lesson planning, choosing appropriate methods and evolving necessary material so that concepts of child-centered learning are internalised. To enable teachers and children to monitor progress and evaluate levels of learning. To promote all round development of children through music, craft, art, drama, dance and sports activities during classes and workshops. To ensure that vibrant library activities become part of the school time- table and a variety of creative activities are built around it.
To facilitate regular involvement of the parents in PTA meetings and sharing the progress of their children.

Project Type: Formal Schools
Primary Focus: to go to formal school
Area: Rural

Comment: Except for providing every class-room with age-appropriate material, which calls for some small money to create the material, the rest of the objectives listed in Purpose/Goals do not need money to implement, only care and dedication. Radha Rajan has some experience in teaching children and has herself created teaching material outside of prescribed textbooks to enable children with varying abilities to learn without stress. And creating this material certainly doesn’t demand one lakh, seventy-eight thousand rupees.

Having received a mere 95 rupees in 2004, this project through the ASHA Chennai Chapter alone receives Rs 1,78,360 (one lakh, seventy-eight thousand, three-hundred and sixty) the very next year. While one school has been named specifically as having been chosen for ‘improvement’, the rest of the project description is very general and full of good intentions. There is no detail on whether all the money received in 2005 went towards improving just this one school or if other schools benefited too. If yes, which schools? There are also no details about the kind of improvements that were effected in the Besant Nagar school and the costs involved. And Besant Nagar, far from being ‘rural’ as it is described in the last line, is a posh, elitist and one of the most prosperous up-end localities in Chennai. This report has been prepared obviously on hearsay and is inaccurate.

2. Akanksha

Eindhoven Chapter contributed to four different projects in 2003 and 2004. One project has a recorded contribution of Euros 0.

Project Description:

This is our joint effort together with ASHA Bangalore volunteers in Bangalore. The goal is to procure used computers from various IT companies in Bangalore and install them in government schools to teach students basics of computers. Volunteers from Bangalore chapter have taken the responsibility for training the teachers and making sure the computers are up and running all the time.”
(Click )

Comment: This ASHA chapter is located in the Netherlands. This is probably to give ASHA the veneer of being not just an American-based Indian NGO but also as having a European presence. But why specify euros when none were received? Tall orders for a project with zero euros as funds. So, why put up the project on the list when there are no funds and, we presume, the project has not taken off the ground. The idea is probably to compile an impressive list of projects for potential donors who may just peruse or glance through the website without subjecting it to critical scrutiny.

3. (a) Category called ‘General Funds’ as source of funds

Comment: A total of $43,496 has come in for unspecified, miscellaneous purposes, but the source has been classified as General Funds. The Chapters from where these ‘General Funds’ have come are also not specified, rather ‘General Funds’ is placed under the ‘Chapter’ category. The purpose of these ‘General Funds’ is also not always specified. For example, look at 3(b) where, along with money raised for ASHA Center, Kanpur, from various Chapters, there is one category called ‘General Funds’ which doesn’t indicate source of funds. As pointed out, a total of $43,496 has come in as ‘General Funds’ and there are no details about the specific source of funds or to what use they have been put. Refer to ASHA project numbers 556, 557, 744, 745, 746, 943, and 1211, for more ‘General Funds’. ‘General Funds’ appears to be an accounting black hole.

(b) Asha Center, Kanpur

Funds Disbursed
1999 Work an Hour $10,000.00
2000 Silicon Valley $3,400.00
2000 Dallas $4,300.00
2000 Seattle $3,000.00
2000 General Funds $5,500.00
2000 Silicon Valley $15,556.00
Total = $41,756
( Click)

Comment: While a total of $41,756 has come into ASHA Center, Kanpur, there are two questions here:
Why are there no details about how the money was utilized in these three years, 1999, 2000 and 2002? $41,756 is a very large amount of money with not even broad details about why and what for.

4. $10,250 has been contributed to various projects listed below but the source of the funds is unknown. They have not been classified even as ‘General Funds’. It is money that has just come in.

(a) Asha
This project named ‘Ankuran’ has received a total of $11,500 of which $6,500 was received in 1999 from the Arizona Chapter while $5,000 was received in 1997 but does not say from which chapter or the source of the funds.

(b) Click
Titled ‘MVF’, this project received a total of $9,250 between 1997 and 1999. It received $2,000 in 1997 but the Chapter which made the grant or the source of funds is not cited. No details about where the money came from.

(c) Click
This is the Nankari school profiled below at number 5. This project received $1000 but there are no details about which ASHA Chapter funded this project or about the source of funds.

(d) Click
This money has been received in the name of Thoraiyur High School which received a total of $1,500 — $750 in 1997 and $750 in 1998. There is no information about which Chapter funded the amount in 1997.

(e) Click
This is the Jamshedpur project profiled at number 18A below. A total of $1,500 has been received for this project but there is no information about which ASHA Chapter funded this project.

Comment: In some of the projects cited in this chapter of the book, wherever the project description has not been able to cite the ASHA Chapter which funded the project, it has been categorised as ‘General Funds’. However, in the five projects cited above in this section, not only is there no information about the ASHA Chapters funding these projects, the project webpage does not even cite the source of funds as ‘General Funds’.

5. Nankari School

1997 $1000
Kanpur is surrounded by villages where the literacy level of the people is very low. Three sisters in the area have started a school for about 70 children from first to sixth standard. They wish to incorporate teaching skills like making greeting cards to the children.
( Click )

Comment: ‘Making greeting cards’ cannot be termed ‘teaching skills’ and there are no details about how the one thousand dollars were used. No details on which Chapter funded this project and what the money was used for.

6. 1996 Central/NJ $500
2004 NYC/NJ $8500
Total = $9000

Comment: These are projects listed at chronological numbers 10 and 134 respectively in the ASHA project list which, while they tell that these Chapters have granted this amount of money, there is no information about the projects for which this money was raised.

7. Towering ambitions for $ 1!

Sugandha Project has had a one-time contribution of $1 (in 2004) from the Boston MIT Chapter.

Project Description:
To educate the destitute and under-privileged, orphans, poor children living below poverty line and to develop these children into responsible citizens, prepare them in good vocation for a decent living and to make them self-sufficient. To open an orphanage, handicapped school and school for these children To provide food, clothes, books, stationery, other basic necessities. To provide medical aid and healthcare facilities. To provide professional training and skills like mechanic, electrician, paramedic, etc. To improve the environment and inculcate habits resulting in clean surrounding. To create awareness about forestation, clean drinking water, personal hygiene, etc. To provide facilities for games, sports and cultural activities.”

Comment: All these magnificent noble intentions for just $1?

8. Short-lived noble thought

Tuition fees funding of students from Govt. College Leather Technology
Another one time contribution is for Tuition Fee Funding of poor students from Govt. College Leather Technology in 2004 for Euros 370 from the Nijmegen Chapter.

Purpose / Goals:
Helping bright students from rural and poor background to get higher education and thus, enabling them to come out of circle of poverty. Efforts of these students will help increase motivation of the community and inspire more children from these rural and poor communities to continue their education.

Comment: So what happened to these excellent noble intentions after 2004? And is this kind of ‘funding’ poor students different from the ASHA scholarships? If yes, then there are no details about how they differ.

9. One night stand

Eegai Tsunami Relief Work
Funds Disbursed
2005 St. Louis $3,835.00
( Click)

Comment: Eagai Tsunami Relief Work is another project that has received a one-time contribution of $3835, from the St. Louis Chapter. There is no specification of whether this project is ongoing or completed. We present this project as a test case of how even when there is a seeming ‘project report’ the details in the report are sometimes not of ‘things achieved’ but merely repeat the ‘must do’, ‘intended’, ‘will hope for’ good intentions already found in the project description. Rarely do ‘project reports’ justify the quantum of funds received for that particular project. The tsunami was the proverbial ‘golden goose’ for several NGOs out to make a fast buck.

The points under ‘Purpose/Goals’ are a case in point. This section is divided into Primary Objective and Secondary Objective. The difference as we can make out is that the ‘noble intentions’ of the Secondary Objective are more grandiloquent and bombastic than the noble intentions of the Primary Objective. The description of ‘Purpose/Goals’ is remarkable for its vagueness, aimlessness and brazen lack of specific details. The ‘Project Type’ description says ‘one time/infrastructure’ although the points mentioned under ‘Purpose/Goals’ are all long-term and ongoing processes.

Project Description:
After Tsunami, most of the main towns are basically covered by all the NGOs and Govt. agencies. And the small villages were mostly neglected, due to inconvenience in transport and various other reasons. Eegai identified two villages (Thazhampettai and Pudupettai), which are badly affected and the children are the main victims. The two remote villages are near Tharangambadi, in Nagapattinam district. Eegai is planning to provide the support and necessary help to these two villages to come back to normality.

Purpose / Goals
Primary Objective:
To help the infants and kids, to provide foods, clothes etc. Taking care of the school children to pursue their education in a better manner. To provide the necessary educational support for children, try to provide employment-oriented courses for the discontinued students from 10th and 12th Std. Example like MRF Driving School, Apparel Training Centre., etc…Any other aids/help for betterment of these two villagers.

Secondary Objective:
Assist the villagers to get good design of houses. If they are interested, they can go for 1+1 structure. The design can be sourced through our contacts or from IIT, Chennai or any reputed institutions. Assist the young villagers to give basic training in construction. Assist the young villagers to provide training in terms of servicing their engine boats. Assist the villagers to form a team, provide them necessary guidance to procure loans from Bank. Get boats at cheaper prices…etc…Link the Fisherman to Fisheries Institute and provide them basic training and to know about the advancement. Other possible help to form them in groups and lead a comfortable life. To provide training for ladies through our known self-help group contacts.

Project Type: One Time / Infrastructure
Site Visit Report: 5
Visited on 02/05/2005 & 02/06/2005
Onsite Update : Visit to Thazhampettai village on 02/05/2005 & 02/06/2005
Visit by Chezhian, Suresh Kumar and volunteers
Posted on February 07, 2005
This week Chezhian brought 16 students (IX Std.), 2 teachers (Lakshmi School, Karuppayurani) and 1 volunteer from Madurai and I took 2 lady volunteers from Chennai. We had time to concentrate only on Thazhampet.

Day-1 (Saturday) was spent in engaging the kids in various games. We also participated in games like volleyball and kabaddi with youngsters.
Day-2 (Sunday forenoon) was spent in engaging the kids in various craft activities. Kudos to Lakshmi School. We are sure, the students enjoyed the trip and had an altogether different experience in their lives.
We left Thirukkadaiyur at around 13:00 Hrs. The activities impressed the village kids to the extent of asking, “Will you come tomorrow?”
We supplied the following items:
1. 3 Bicycles
2. Health Flour (Sathu maavu)
3. Blouse pieces
4. Biscuits
5. Pencils
6. Pencil Boxes
7. Mathematical Tables (Vaaipaadu)
8. Notebooks
9. Some books for the recent coming exams
10. Balls and bats (Donated by Lakshmi School)
We have (once again) asked the elders to build a model, acceptable to majority of the villagers, wherein if we supply boats and nets, it will benefit the entire community. Similarly we have asked the ladies to look into community kitchen concept which will make our spend economical.
We took Arun, a volunteer from CCD, to speak to the villagers. He will be once again meeting them today. We expect Arun to supply nets through CCD. For this, he will need the village to be organised (and united) by means of Ladies Self-Support Group. (He will lead this initiative in a professional way.)
Nedunchezhian D
Suresh Kumar R.

Comment: $3,835 amounts to nearly 2 lakh Indian rupees. Three cycles, pencils, pencil boxes, notebooks, ‘some books’, and ‘health flour’ at best would have cost not more than five to six thousand rupees altogether. But there are no other accounting details about where the rest of the money went. There is no report if the boats were procured and delivered and if community kitchens were set up. These details are not difficult to present on the website considering that there is a detailed report about an inconsequential sight-seeing trip to these villages.

Nedunchezhian and Suresh’s so-called report, except for arranging some outside students and teachers to visit the village in question, is only full of future good intentions. This NGO sprung up only in 2005 in the aftermath of the tsunami, one among the hundreds that mushroomed overnight, seeing in the tsunami relief work potential for a profitable commercial enterprise. The project description as usual is full of good intention generalities. But there is no information on what precisely this group undertook to do and what results were achieved for 2 lakh rupees. And the most pertinent question, why did ASHA choose to fund a new NGO when there were other well-known groups working for relief?

10. Serving a political cause for free!

Review of social studies textbooks in Gujarat.
There has been $ 0 as contribution that is registered from the Seattle Chapter.

Project Description:
We started this exercise of reviewing textbooks after we heard complaints about the content of the social studies textbooks in Gujarat. Media reports talked about the poor state and also the communal overtones of the books. So we decided to check it out for ourselves. ASHA has been very closely involved with education for over a decade. But to our knowledge a systematic assessment of the quality of teaching material has never been made. We feel that such an assessment is necessary to really understand what the children are subjected to in schools. Soon after starting we realised that we were entering a problematic territory. We heard a lot about ‘communalisation’ of Gujarat textbooks. In addition to aspects of this, we found a whole lot of other issues in these books.

Our guidelines
Before I go into details of what we found, let me give you the set of guidelines that we were following when looking into the textbooks. We selected the following questions as our guidelines:
• Does the textbook provide a comprehensive view of history?
• Does the textbook present history in a clear and coherent manner?
• Does history follow a timeline?
• Does the textbook promote different types of biases and stereotyping?
• Are there any factual inaccuracies?
• Does the textbook promote analytical thinking on part of the student?
• Are multiple viewpoints presented?
• Does the textbook provide background for pressing social problems in India?

What we found
We found all kinds of issues including the following— widespread mix-up of history with mythology, promotion of various types of biases and stereotyping, incoherent and incomprehensive presentation of history, poor presentation, factual inaccuracies and often lack of any attempt towards promoting critical thinking among children. Project Type: Working with the Government [emphasis added]
(Click )

Comment: Now this is a joke. I would have thought working against the Narendra Modi Government would have been a more accurate description. This project, which is one of the 1,538 projects listed in the ASHA funding website, is overtly political in that it has undertaken a review of textbooks as a part of their history/fiction-writing obsessions in a state which they fear is completely Hinduised. Sandeep Pandey was obviously justifying his Magsaysay citation which commended him for resisting Government plans to favour Hinduism in state schools. (excerpts from the citation are presented at the end of this chapter). No money though! At least none that is on the website. We must take it that the textbooks were reviewed free of cost by ASHA to retrospectively justify Sandeep’s Magsaysay!!

11. Fellowships

Many fellowships have been handed out to several people of whom three are Pandeys – Sandeep himself, Mahesh and Vallabhacharya.

Year 2005 Mahesh Pandey DC chapter $3000
The reason for the fellowship is stated as:
Project Description:
This fellowship support is to allow the fellow to focus on region’s development through education, income generation, right to information, projects development and coordination, site visits to projects, projects accounts and audits, and other relevant activities in the interest of ASHA for Education. By close participation with the fellow, ASHA stands to gain the perspective on the issues of the underprivileged and the marginalised communities that the fellow works with.”

Year 2005 Vallabhacharya Pandey
Silicon Valley $3000
The reason for the fellowship is stated as:
Purpose / Goals:
Fellowship of Vallbh bhai allows immense support of Asha India and ASHA for Education activities world wide. Purpose of this fellowship is to benefit from his capabilities in projects coordination, projects audits and accounting, and monitoring and evaluation activities.”

Comment: While there is at least a brief account on the purpose of the above two fellowships, Sandeep Pandey’s own fellowship comes with no stated purpose or description:
Funding Info
2001 Silicon Valley $800.00
2002 Silicon Valley $800.00
2002 General Funds $250.00
Total =$1,850
( Click)

Comment: This is what the Magsaysay citation had to say: ‘ASHA’s teachers take no pay. Instead, they support themselves with sidelines such as making candles and greeting cards from handmade paper’!

12. International network of Christian NGOs in dalit colonies

‘The International Ocean Institute (IOI), Anawim’ project is one of the few projects that have received a maximum amount of contribution on a regular basis; $68,755 from 2000 to 2004. This project focuses almost exclusively on dalit colonies. The details available from the website indicate that while the project pays cursory attention to the children of these colonies, their main focus seems to be on women – organising micro-credit and self-help groups. ASHA is partnering two other NGOs in this project – The International Ocean Institute located in IIT Chennai, and Anawim which seems to be a Church-funded NGO run by Christians who also receive funds from churches in the Netherlands. The ultimate objective of Church-funded and Church-backed NGOs working in dalit colonies and among the fishing communities along the coasts is to create Christian majority pockets, villages and districts in the country.

DETAILED REPORT: The Anawim Trust (excerpt from the webpage of this project, URL cited below).
An NGO group started in 1993 to improve local conditions in the Tuticorin District of Tamil Nadu. Registered in Tuticorin in 1997, FCRA clearance in 2000. The Trustees of the organisation are:
Mr. John Sekhar—Commissioner of Customs, Chennai
Mr. K. Sundaraj—Retd. Police Sub, Inspector, Tuticorin
Mr. G. Rajasekar—Asst. Manager, Air India, Thiruvananthapuram
Mr. A. Selwyn—Surveyor, Govt. of Tamil Nadu, Nagercoil
Mrs. Shanthi Devapriam —Director and Secretary, Anawim Trust.

Comment: All Christians?

Shanthi manages the operation of Anawim and the women and children programs. Selwyn manages the educational components of the programs on a part time basis. Sundaraj oversees the accounts and manages the FCRA account. Further, Anawim has 6 additional office staff and 28 directly supported teachers (one for each centre). Annual reports 1997-2001 can be made available on request. They run operations to the tune of roughly Rs. 21 lakhs/annum ($55,000) (audit statement 2001-02).
Main funding sources for 2001-02:
United Churches of Netherlands: Rs. 5.6 lakhs
Microcredit Funding: Rs. 4.5 lakhs
Other Donations: Rs. 2.2 lakhs
ASHA: Rs. 75,000
CRY: Rs. 1.25 lakhs
AEON Foundation (Japanese): Rs. 75,000
GTZ Spirulina Program: Rs. 25,000
SEA Program: Rs. 25,000

Comment: Unlike the textbook review project in Gujarat which is overtly political, the political intentions of this project are covert. Church-backed and Church-funded NGOs focus exclusively on dalit localities and women’s issues. The dalit issue has been internationalised precisely because of the involvement of local and foreign churches in so-called ‘dalit welfare’. ‘Dalit’ is a 20th century Christian missionary construct with explicit political overtones and objectives. The International Ocean Institute, Anawim and ASHA come together in this project. The Church-funded NGOs which operate in the dalit colonies in the country are the primary informers against Hindu society through an agency called the International Dalit Solidarity Network (IDSN) to the churches and Christian NGOs abroad.

Indian Christian NGOs-Foreign Christian NGOs in India like Cordaid (Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development), Caritas, ICCO (Interchurch Organisation for Development Cooperation), CARE-CRY-IDSN-American and European Churches-Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch-US State Department and the European Parliament—connection is a powerful anti-Hindu web. The issue of women’s rights as human rights, dalit rights as human rights, and ‘caste is racism’ have been internationalised and politicised by this network with the calculated intention of defaming and discrediting the Hindu dharma, Hindu society and the Hindu people. As pointed out earlier, this project receives funds from the churches in the Netherlands. Cordaid, ICCO and Indian Committee of the Netherlands are Dutch Christian NGOs which actively campaign against the Hindus in the guise of dalit human rights with the European Parliament.

Justitia et Pax
Justitia et Pax is the world-wide organisation for ‘justice and peace’ of the Catholic Church. It aims to inspire and mobilise Catholics to commit themselves to human rights, and advises and supports bishops and church organisations in the area of justice and peace.
Justitia et Pax has a network of over 130 national commissions on all continents. The work of the Dutch commission focuses on three themes: Human Rights world-wide, Social Justice (in particular poverty in the Dutch society), and Pluralist Society (integration, refugees, and tolerance between communities).

Dalits in India
Justitia et Pax works to improve the miserable living conditions of the dalits (untouchables) in India. Together with the Landelijke India Werkgroep, CMC and ICCO, Justitia et Pax has founded the Dalit Network Netherlands (DNN). In October the campaign ‘Stop Caste Discrimination – Support the Dalits’ was launched. In its lobbying work the DNN mainly focused on the Dutch EU Presidency.

Comment: This project has been set up by ASHA in partnership with Church-funded NGOs in just one district in Tamil Nadu and this is the international network effected by just one small Christian NGO. There are other churches, other networks and other donor agencies, like AID, ActionAid, AID-India, and World Vision, operating in other districts of Tamil Nadu and in other states in India. Elsewhere in the book Radha Rajan has drawn attention to the highly political ‘dalit’ Christian from Gujarat, Martin Macwan who is backed by a White American, Kathy Sreedhar, whose links with Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, the Unitarian Universalist Church and Council on Foreign Relations have been exposed. Father Cedric Prakash, the globe-trotting Jesuit with a dalit agenda is also from Gujarat. The nexus between the political, Christian construct called ‘dalit’, foreign churches, human rights organisations and White, Western governments is well and truly established.

This project merits a complete analysis on its own if only because there is a lot of money coming to it with definite political objectives. If you read all ‘project reports’ on the right hand side of the web page, then you realise it is full of good intentions but doesn’t tell you where all the money went. And also that most of the links on the right hand side of the web page (allegedly ‘reports’ of the project) conveniently do not open. And those that do open are full of ‘good intentions’ again with no details about what has been achieved in specific terms.
Funds Disbursed
2000 Boston/MIT $2,575.00
2000 Seattle $2,500.00
2000 Work an Hour $5,500.00
2001 Silicon Valley $3,000.00
2001 Boston/MIT $2,500.00
2001 Seattle $3,500.00
2001 Work an Hour $5,500.00
2002 Berkeley $6,000.00
2002 Silicon Valley $3,000.00
2002 Stanford $7,000.00
2002 Seattle $5,000.00
2003 St. Louis $7,000.00
2003 St. Louis $1,000.00
2003 NYC/NJ $5,000.00
2003 Seattle $1,200.00
2004 Silicon Valley $1,000.00
2004 St. Louis $3,500.00
2004 NYC/NJ $1,000.00
2004 NYC/NJ $3,000.00
2004 Singapore INR 21,000.00
Total = $69,232.80
January 2003, Kumar’s site visit report is very interesting. Fully managed by Christians, heavily funded by foreign Churches. (see comments above)

13. Disparity in Dates

Malarchi is a project that is stated to have begun in 1970. The project is recorded as completed where all objectives have been met. However, funding for this project as shown on the website of Asha has come in only in 1996 and 1997.
Funds Disbursed
1996 Boston/MIT $1,020.00
1997 Boston/MIT $1,020.00
Total = $2,040

Comment:There have been no other prior contributions and none after this period. There is no detail on when the project concluded and what were the objectives that were achieved in order to term it as completed.

Project Description:
Malarchi is a home for children from families that have been deserted, or seriously abused, by the father, and where the mother is unable to provide for them. The children are educated in local schools.
( Click)

Comment: Though the above description ends with a link to the project conclusion, the link only leads to an error page and does not open.
Another interesting point to note is that the contributions made both times are identical, which could mean that it represents fixed costs. This being a reasonable assumption to make, there are no details on what this money covered.
And since the project is complete, one would assume that detailed accounts should be available, especially since Vallabhacharya Pandey had been awarded a fellowship to improve accounting practices!

14. MIPS—Madurai Institute of Peace Science

This is another project that is termed as completed. The stated purpose of this project seems rather dubious.

Purpose / Goals
Tutoring and facilities for 101 children in 4 hamlets of Alathur Panchayat, Madurai District. Funding required for one year. Later, it is supposed to be self sufficient.”

Comment: As the purpose states, ASHA managed to provide funding of $5660 in total in that one year in 1997. However there is no reason stated as to why the funding was needed only for that one year, or how the institute intends to become self-sufficient with the money received in that one year.

Project Description:
After hours coaching facility and study centre for children of SC/ST landless labourers. Homes of these labourers do not offer a conducive environment for children to study because of lack of lighting, space, poor ventilation etc. This is one of the reasons for high dropout rates and poor performance of these children. Moreover, these labourers are not literate themselves and cannot provide the help and support for these children to study. A total of 101 school children of all age groups will be benefitted. The project is going to buy infrastructure equipment (blackboards, writing tables etc.), provide tutoring with the help of one trained tutor plus 2 volunteers per hamlet. The project also will provide basic health checkups for the children. In addition, the project will provide a library and a recreational facility for the children.
( Click)

As stated earlier, since the project is completed, there should be accounts available. However, none have been shown.

15. Asha Center, Ballia

Project Type: Educational Experiments
Primary Focus: to go to formal school
Secondary Focus: girls
Other Focus: other
Area: Rural
Funds Disbursed
1996 Berkeley $300.00
1998 Berkeley $450.00
1998 Cleveland $1,500.00
1999 DC $3,000.00
2001 General Funds $22,196.00
Total = $27,446
( Click )

Comment: No project description, no details on where the money went and once again note the category ‘General Funds’ with the largest amount to its credit - $22,196, very similar to ASHA Center, Kanpur.

16. Prerana Dham

Project Description:

Prerana uses an innovative scheme to provide impetus to the process of setting up schools in the local villages. The idea is to first set up schools there that are modeled on Govt. schools and then pressure the Govt. into take over the running of these schools”.
1995 Stanford $2,000.00
1998 Seattle $500.00
Total = $2,500

Comment: No details on the gap between 1995 and 1998, why the project didn’t receive funds thereafter. There is also no information on how many such schools were set up and how many of these schools were taken over by the Government due to pressure from ASHA.

17. Nameless, faceless wonders!

In this section, we are presenting projects that, like prisoners (and no.6 above), have only numbers for identity, the year in which the grant was made and the amount of money. There is absolutely no information on what these projects are, where they are located, what were the objectives of these projects, and how the money was used.

Project 1
Funds Disbursed
1996 Arizona $1,000.00

Project 2
Funds Disbursed
1996 Berkeley $3,000.00

Project 3
Funds Disbursed
1996 Stanford $5,000.00

Project 4
Funds Disbursed
1996 Stanford $5,000.00

Project 5
Funds Disbursed
1996 Stanford $2,692.00

Project 6
Funds Disbursed
1996 Colorado $515.00

Project 7
Funds Disbursed
1996 Chicago $445.00

Project 11
Funds Disbursed
1996 Research Triangle Park $1,506.00

Project 13
Funds Disbursed
1996 Seattle $5,000.00

Project 14
Funds Disbursed
1996 Seattle $5,000.00

Project 15
Funds Disbursed
1996 Seattle $8,443.00

Comment: This appears to be a perfect accounting black hole. A total of $ 37,601 has been granted in 1996 alone through these projects, with no details on any project or where and how the money went. There is also a gap between Project 7 and Project 11. We may safely assume that the money for Projects 8, 9 and 10 which are not to be found in the website have simply been left unmentioned; this money, because it has no name, by Cartesian law, therefore does not exist.

18. We have a name but no face, and in one instance a face with two names.
In this section, we look at projects that have been named after an Indian city or state but, except for indicating the amount of money received for the project, there are no details or information about the nature of the project, where exactly they are located, what were the objectives and how the money was used.

(A) Jamshedpur Project:
Funds Disbursed
2000 $1,500.00

Comment: No project description. No source of funds specified and no details about how the funds were used.

(B) The Jhansi Project has had two contributions.
Funds Disbursed
1999 Berkeley $1,850.00
2000 Berkeley $2,200.00
Total = $4,050

Comment: The project is running a formal school. However, since the year 2000, there have been no contributions. There is again no information on whether the project is ongoing or discontinued.

(C) Varanasi Project:
Project Description: The School was started by Mrs. Asha Pandey [another Pandey!] on July 1, 1996, in Varanasi. The aim of this project is to provide education to those children who due to extreme poverty do not have the opportunity to go to school. The school was founded with the hope and intention of growing and developing as the children who come also develop and grow. Asha Pandey is the project coordinator. She received her M.A. in psychology from Banaras Hindu University, as well as completing a one year teacher’s training course. Upon graduation, she worked for 2 years as a teacher at the Ram Niwas school, as well as at the St. Atulanand Central School, both in Varanasi. At St. Atulanand’s there were 65-70 children under her supervision in the classroom. The methods at this school were not beneficial to teaching or learning for that matter and Mrs. Pandey became bored with the monotony of the existing system.

Funds Disbursed
1996 Syracuse $1,153.00
Comment: Only one year and then what? What happened to Asha Pandey’s boredom after 1996?

(D) Rajasthan Project:
Funds Disbursed
1997 Indiana $2,500.00
1998 Cornell $600.00
Total = $3,100

No details about what this project was about, whether it was one time or ongoing, etc.

(E) Bihar Project:
Funds Disbursed
1997 Austin $630.00

Comment: No details at all.

(F) UP Project:
Funds Disbursed
1996 Philadelphia $400.00

Listed as Project 12 in the financials. No details.

(G) Prakash:
Funds Disbursed
1999 Indiana $2,500.00
2000 Indiana $2,800.00
Total = $5,300

No details.

(H) Bisauli:
Funds Disbursed
1999 Indiana $5,000.00
2000 Indiana $3,000.00
Total = $8000

No details.

(I) Hamsadhwani Project:
Funds Disbursed
1999 Silicon Valley $10,000.00

No details.

(J) The Laubach Literacy:
Funding Info
1997 Stanford $1,500.00
1998 Silicon Valley $4,500.00
1999 Silicon Valley $3,000.00

Comment: No information on whether project is ongoing or discontinued or what the project is about, in which city, village or state it was started or any other detail.

(K) FWERW—Foundation for Women’s Education in the Rural World:
1993 Berkeley $500.00
1994 Berkeley $500.00
1995 Berkeley $1000.00
1997 Berkeley $1000.00
1997 Colorado $1,625.00
Total = $4,625

Comment: No details about where this project was located and towards what it was used.

(L) Soligha Sangha:
Funds Disbursed
1998 Berkeley $1,100.00

No details.

(M) Hosur:
Funds Disbursed
1999 Detroit $980.00

No details.

(N) Kathai Aruvi:
Funds Disbursed
2003 Princeton $4,667.00
2004 Princeton $4,667.00
Total = $9,334

Comment: No details here on what this project is about. However, in another project, mention is made of ‘Kathai Aruvi’ and we gather that it is a compilation of stories for children. $9,334 in just two years amounts to approximately 4.5 lakhs in Indian rupees. Now, this is a colossal amount for a small book that is a compilation of stories. There are no details about which individual or organisation received the money and no details about whether all the 4.5 lakh rupees were spent in just compiling this book.

(O) Rishi Valley Education Center:
Funds Disbursed
1995 Research Triangle Park $500.00

Comment: How was the 500 dollars used? No details at all.

(P) Rishi Ubr Vidya Mandir:
Funds Disbursed
2000 Detroit $450.00

Comment: A total of $ 60,122 has come into these projects which have the name of an Indian state or city but there are no project descriptions and no details about how the money was used and for what purpose. This is an astronomical amount in Indian rupees and, appropriately enough, seemingly is sunk in a black hole.

19. Little Stars School
Project Description:
This project aims to run a school for the poorer sections starting from nursery level to the sixth standard. Asha Pandey, who runs the school at her house at present, provides nutritional snacks, instruction on hygiene, and extra-curricular activities besides imparting the three ‘R’s.
Primary Focus: Children from slums.”
Funds Disbursed
1998 Berkeley $4,720.00
1998 Seattle $3,500.00
1999 Berkeley $6,440.00
1999 NYC/NJ $1,283.00
1999 Seattle $5,000.00
1999 Madison $2,000.00
2000 Madison $5,000.00
Total = $27,943

Comment: ASHA Pandey again!! Little Stars School is ‘Varanasi Project’ at number 21 by another name and now I know what happened to Asha Pandey’s boredom after 1996. This is the face with two names though we do not know if it is acceptable accounting practice to give two different names for the same project. Asha’s enthusiasm continued for another three years, it seems, and after 2000 she probably lapsed into boredom again. Twenty-eight thousand dollars for a project which this Pandey only ‘aims to run’? Does this mean that the school is not running yet or it is not fully running but trotting perhaps or only pretending to run? So where exactly did this huge amount go for a school that Asha was running from her own house? Snacks? Instruction on hygiene? Extra-curricular activities? Imparting the three ‘ “R’s” ‘? Or her personal expenses?? $27,943 is roughly rupees 13 lakhs in just 3 years and that is pretty expensive cottage industry, non-formal education in her own home for children from the slums!

20. Christ King Society, Chennai, Chennai District
Project Description:
For infrastructure, and to provide uniforms and books for students(1998). Funding was used to build a new school building since the old one was not in good condition (1999).
Project Type: One Time/Infrastructure
Funds Disbursed
1998 Seattle $5,000.00
1999 Seattle $5,000.00
Total =$10,000

Comment: No address, no telephone number of the school located in a metropolis. No details about the number of children in the school or how many classes. Also, no details about how the money was used. Obviously a Christian missionary society. Also, why did they need the same amount for two years and why has there been no further funding or project report or site visit.

Now for Sandeep Pandey’s Magsaysay citation. The citation says it all – he is being rewarded for campaigning against India’s nuclear programme, for desiring a woolly-headed, national suicidal peace with Pakistan, for his anti-Hindu posturing and for the false ‘Gandhian’ beard that he had stuck to his face to hide his Naxal connections. We wonder how the Rockefeller Brothers Foundation would react to information contained in this chapter and in this book about Sandeep Pandey, his fund-raising activities and how this ‘Gandhian’ used the funds raised in the US.

Excerpts from Sandeep Pandey’s Magsaysay citation

“It is a tradition exemplified by Gandhi himself. After years of sojourning abroad, an educated Indian returns home and, forgoing a comfortable career, applies himself to the great social questions. Sandeep Pandey was such a person yet he has chosen Gandhi’s path.
The enterprising founders [of ASHA] raised ten thousand dollars in one year, an auspicious beginning for an organisation that now claims thirty six North-American chapters and has disbursed nearly one million dollars for programs in India. After launching ASHA, Pandey himself returned to India, doctorate in hand. He taught briefly at the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology and, in 1992, left the institute to devote himself full-time to ASHA’s larger purpose: to bring about socioeconomic change in India through education.
In the Ballia district of Uttar Pradesh, Pandey confronted the impoverished world of low-caste families and dalits, or untouchables. In this world, few children went to school at all; even those who did, grew up to swell India’s vast unemployment rolls. With local volunteers in the villages of Reoti and Bhainsaha, Pandey has created schools that instill self-reliance and values for a just society. ASHA’s teachers take no pay. Instead, they support themselves with sidelines such as making candles and greeting cards from handmade paper.
He denounced a Government plan to favor Hinduism in state schools and called for an end to the politics of revenge that drives his country’s communal violence. Warning against militarist nationalism, in 1999 he organised and led a 400-kilometer Global Peace March to protest India’s nuclear arms program. These days he vocally supports reconciliation between Indians and Pakistanis. “The voice of peace has to be louder,” he says.
Thirty-seven-year-old Pandey shares his busy activist life with his wife Arundhati and their two children. He is soft-spoken but passionate, as he motivates ASHA’s volunteers and young people and shepherds a multitude of projects. How does a one-time aspiring engineer manage such a life? “I believe in the Gandhian thinking,” he says, “that once the path is chalked out, the means will follow.” In electing Sandeep Pandey to receive the 2002 Ramon Magsaysay award for Emergent Leadership, the board of trustees recognizes the empowering example of his commitment to the transformation of India’s marginalised poor.”

This book has demonstrated the following:
The network of anti-Nation, anti-Hindu NGOs and activists comprising Marxists, Nehruvian Secularists, Muslims and Missionaries is well-entrenched in the US, particularly American universities
There is a powerful network of donor agencies which include foreign governments, foundations, trusts and other church charities which work with Marxist, Nehruvian and Christian Indian NGOs in India with well-defined political objectives among the dalits, women and tribal communities within Hindu society.
The Indian government’s Home Ministry through which all foreign funds must be routed has no fool-proof mechanism to verify if the projects mentioned on paper exist in reality and if they do, whether the money received by NGOs for that specific project have utilised the last paisa on that project alone and not for ‘other’ dubious purposes.
The Indian government has not cared to haul ASHA or Sandeep Pandey over hot coals for such poor account maintenance.
We are sure that whatever we have demonstrated as being ASHA’s poor and possibly dubious accounting methods will probably be equally true of a very large number of other NGOs, both those that have been profiled in this book and those that have not. Our concern is that this grassroots activism, which in many instances is only a fig-leaf for political activism, is cited as the reason for the inflow of foreign money only because in India there is a constitutional ban on receiving foreign money for political activities. Some of us suspect that this grassroots activism in social causes is a fig-leaf to raise money for political and religious activities which are detrimental to Hindu interests.
Political parties too cannot receive foreign money and therefore when persons like Sandeep Pandey, Harsh Mander, and Aruna Roy, besides the hundreds of Christian and Marxist NGOs who describe themselves as grassroots workers and advocacy activists, associate themselves with political parties and political agendas, politically conscious Hindus like the authors of this book entertain the nasty suspicion that this money is probably being diverted for purposes other than those cited in government records. The Government of India must, therefore, ensure that a vigorous mechanism be set up which will closely monitor these NGOs and make sure that the money received by them is indeed spent for social causes. But to do that we will need a government that does not depend on these NGOs to campaign in its favour and against its political opponents.

(All project URLs cited in this chapter are functional as of 11.30 pm, 16th April, 2006.) Criticism doesn't perturb NGOs, activists

Delhi, Sept. 10: Activists who have been attacked in the book, NGOs, Activists and Foreign Funds: Anti Nation Industry were not perturbed with the criticism, most were flattered that their activities had unsettled people like Gujarat chief minister Narendra Modi, who has often attacked them. Mr Modi has released the book edited by Chennai based Radha Rajan and Krishen Kak, a former bureaucrat on Saturday and criticised mainly activists who opposed him.

One of the activists who came under the scanner in the book, Magsaysay awardee Sandeep Pandey has been involved in grass root activities of education and development projects. Commenting about the criticism about NGO ASHA in which he is involved, Mr Pandey said, "First I am glad to be clubbed in the august company of Aruna Roy, Nirmala Deshpande and Harsh Mander. Now about my activities, In our organisation Asha, we always hold open forum meeting so anyone who is interested can walk in and attend. We do not have any membership either. Anyone can participate in the activities if they want to. The trust we have formed has grassroot activists who decide what programmes we will undertake."

"The accounts of Asha are open for scrutiny and our website has details about the funds we spent and get. As a principle we do not accept foreign funds and even institutional funds from India. So the criticism that we are being used by foreigners who fund us is baseless." Another person who is criticised in the book is JNU professor Kamal Mitra Chenoy for his support of what the author terms as anti-national activities. Commenting on this, Prof Chenoy said, "I am being attacked because I wrote two reports on communal violence in Gujarat and also deposed before the US Congress where I was called as a witness."

Reacting to the allegations of misuse of foreign funds, Mr Chenoy said, "Foreign funds to any organisation in India are checked by the government so the question was misusing of foreign funds does not arise." Anyway, this is ironical as NDA and the Mr Modi has been strong supporters of foreign investments in Indian Industries so isn't it double standards to say that foreign funds are okay for industry but not for social sector, he questioned.

The book spews venom on activists and coming in for special mention is Booker Prize awardee Arundhati Roy. As many as 14 pages have been devoted to her and all her activities, what she says and her stands on various issues. Another person who has received special mention is Magsaysay awardee Aruna Roy, who has been in the news recently for opposing the government's proposal to amend the Right to Information Act.

The book mentions that "Ms Roy had no qualms at all being part of the extra constitutional coterie called the National Advisory Council that oh-so-democratically rules our country." For the record, Ms Roy has since then resigned from the NAC.

The focus is also on well known "secular" NGOs whose work has been scrutinised by the author. But none of the NGOs of RSS or other Hinduvta organisations have been scrutinised in the book. Prof Chenoy pointed out that many reports have shown that RSS backed NGOs get substantial funds from US and UK and to differentiate between funding from NRI and also Indian origin foreign citizens belonging to majority community and those belonging to minority community clearly shows the bias of the author.

Social activists Shekhar Singh belonging to the National Campaign for People's Right to Information said, "Our organisation has just three people employed and we do not accept foreign funds or even institutional funds from India." About being involved in anti national activities I will only say such criticism is baseless and unless specific there is no point commenting on it, he said.


Radha Rajan,
Joint Secretary, Vigil Public opinion Forum, H 12/3, Pari Street, Kalakshetra Colony,
Besant Nagar, Chennai – 600 090

To the Editor,
The Deccan Chronicle

Sub: Sandeep Pandey's preposterous claim

This is with reference to the report in the Deccan Chronicle, Sept 10, 2006, on the release of the book "NGOs, Activists & Foreign Funds: Anti-Nation Industry" (Chennai: Vigil Public Opinion Forum, 2006). There are a number of mis-statements in the report, some of which have been pointed out by the book's co-editor Krishen Kak in an open letter to Mr Harsh Mander, a copy of which was sent to the Chronicle.

In this report Sandeep Pandey is quoted as saying ""First I am glad to be clubbed in the august company of Aruna Roy, Nirmala Deshpande and Harsh Mander. Now about my activities, In our organisation Asha, we always hold open forum meeting so anyone who is interested can walk in and attend. We do not have any membership either. Anyone can participate in the activities if they want to. The trust we have formed has grassroot activists who decide what programmes we will undertake. The accounts of Asha are open for scrutiny and our website has details about the funds we spent and get. As a principle we do not accept foreign funds and even institutional funds from India. So the criticism that we are being used by foreigners who fund us is baseless."

If Mr. Pandey has been correctly quoted, then both as the book's co-editor and as representing the publisher, I would like to say, first, that given the book's expose of Aruna Roy, Nirmala Deshpande and Harsh Mander, I appreciate his acknowledging he is like them. I wish to draw your attention to Mr. Sandeep Pandey's claim that "as a principle" he does not accept foreign funds. The last chapter but one in the Vigil book titled "ASHA projects: Where does all the money go" is only about receiving foreign funds – the money that Sandeep Pandey's ASHA raised from across the USA and even Europe.

Therefore Mr. Pandey's statement that "as a principle" he does not accept foreign funds, is a lie - Ch.8 of the book scrutinises a sample of 1,538 projects all downloaded from ASHA's website. The chapter gives example after example of foreign funding of ASHA projects - including dollar fellowships to three Pandeys – Sandeep, Mahesh and Vallabhacharya Pandey. As has been pointed out, Sandeep Pandey is himself a beneficiary ( p.266), and substantial dollar donations to Asha Pandey (pp.277, 281). Compare this with what the Magsaysay citation has to say about Sandeep Pandey and his ASHA –

“With local volunteers in the villages of Reoti and Bhainsaha, Pandey has created schools that instill self-reliance and values for a just society. ASHA's teachers take no pay. Instead, they support themselves with sidelines such as making candles and greeting cards from handmade paper.”

Vigil stands by what it has published. I am sending you the chapter titled "ASHA projects: Where does all the money go" so that you may judge for yourselves the truth or otherwise of Sandeep Pandey's preposterous claims.

Radha Rajan, Joint Secretary, Vigil Public Opinion Forum, Chennai


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