Saturday, September 30, 2006

Pakistan's ISI behind blasts: Police

Press Trust of India

Mumbai, September 30: Claiming to have cracked the July 11 serial blasts in Mumbai trains, Mumbai Police said that Pakistan's ISI was the 'mastermind' behind the terror attacks carried out by Lashkar-e-Toiba with help from SIMI activists.

Addressing a press conference, Mumbai Police Commissioner A N Roy said that out of the 15 people arrested in connection with the blasts the 'direct role' of 12 people has been established.

Out of them, 11 are Pakistanis, who had arrived in India in batches, Roy said.

The conspiracy was hatched in Mumbai and adjoining areas after taking training in Bahawalpur in Pakistan, he said.

The Commissioner said the main players behind the blasts are Faizal Sheikh, Kamaluddin Ansari, Ehtasham Siddiqui, general secretary of SIMI, Maharashtra.

Two of the Pakistanis had come through Nepal reaching Mumbai around May 25. The second group had come via Bangladesh after spending some time in Kolkata while another separate group of four people had come through the Gujarat border.

Roy said they were kept in separate places in Mumbai. Faizal Sheikh, a local, had arranged rented houses for them one in Malad and four in Bandra in Mumbai.

About 15 to 20 KG of RDX was used in the blasts which was brought from Pakistan by one Ehsanullah. Ammonium Nitrate which was mixed with RDX was provided by local groups. The bombs were put together in the Chembur area by one Mohammad Ali around July 8 to 10.

Roy said the bombs were kept in Faizal's home in Bandra from where they were transported to the Railway Stations in taxis. The bombs were kept in eight pressure cookers of five litre capacity which were bought from two shops.

Each bomb contained two to 2.5 kg of RDX and 3.5 to four KG of ammonium nitrate. The pressure cookers were kept inside bags which were in turn camouflaged in things like newspapers and umbrellas, he said.

Roy said teams of two people each in a combination of a Pakistani and an Indian took the bombs in taxis and placed them in the trains.

All the bombs were fitted with quartz timers and the suspects left the trains before the bombs were set to go off.

He said Saleem, a Pakistani from Lahore, had died in the blasts carried out in Khar and Bandra section.

Of the seven Indians suspected to be involved in the blasts four have been arrested. They are Faizal Sheikh, Kamaluddin Ansari, Ehtashan Siddiqui and Naved.

A hunt is on for three other Indians suspected to have been involved in the blasts.

Roy said the accused had purchased eight pressure cookers and used seven for triggering blasts.

"It was a professional, precise and well-planned operation," he said.

He said the first clue received by the police was a phone call made from Navi Mumbai to a place along the Indo-Nepal border.

Following this piece of information, police arrested prime suspect Kamaluddin Ansari from Madhubani in Bihar.

He said all the arrested were trained in Pakistan and knew how to dodge interrogators.

The Commissioner said the narco-analysis tests conducted on the arrested persons also helped in tying several loose ends.

Faizal Sheikh told police he had received around Rs 60 lakh from Pakistan during the last few years. Police recovered 26,000 Riyals from his house, which he received from one Rizwan Devra, an ISI operative living in Saudi Arabia, Roy said.

Serious human rights abuses by rebels continue in Nepal


click here for related stories: Peace/antiwar 9-30-06, 10:12 am

KATHMANDU, 27 Sep 2006 (IRIN) - Abductions, torture, brutal beatings, killings, extortions and other serious human rights abuses by Maoist rebels have not stopped despite their engagement in the ongoing peace process, according to a new report by the United Nations (UN) Office of the High Commission for Human Rights (OHCHR) in Nepal.

OHCHR officials criticised rebel leaders of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (CPN-M), saying that despite their commitment to end human rights abuses, serious violations have continued in the districts and villages.

"The CPN-Maoist must show that is serious about its commitments by ending these abuses and ensuring that those cadres responsible are brought to account," said David Johnson, officer-in-charge of OHCHR-Nepal.

Several agreements have been made between the Maoists and the interim government during a series of peace talks which began in May, and both sides had agreed to a peaceful political resolution and to promoting a peaceful environment by ensuring security for civilians.

Following an end to the absolute rule of the Nepalese monarch, King Gyanendra, the seven national parties formed a new interim government in May and declared peace with the Maoist rebels to end the decade-long violent conflict.

The Maoists, who had been waging an armed rebellion against the Nepalese state, reciprocated with an indefinite ceasefire and willingness to involve in the peace process.

But over the months, people have continued to be abducted, tortured and killed as reported by OHCHR staff. Between May and June alone, around eight people were killed following actions by the rebel-run 'People's Courts'. Most of them were killed while under Maoist investigation.

The report gave shocking accounts of how the abductions and rebel investigations have led to a number of deaths, including that of a 13-year-old child and a pregnant woman in August. The young boy Shiva Bahadur Khadka committed suicide after his abduction.

"OHCHR believes that independent and impartial investigations need to be carried out to establish the circumstances which led to each suicide or alleged suicide, including whether treatment while held by the CPN-M was a contributory factor," the report said.

It recounted that the pregnant woman, Phula Devi Yadav, and her husband had returned from India to their village in east Nepal after they heard of the end of armed conflict. Yadav was punished for remarrying following the death of her first husband and she was brutally beaten by the Maoists in public. Eventually, she was dragged to a nearby house in the village where she fell sick apparently due to poisoning, the report said.

It added that nearly 184 people have been abducted by the rebels since the ceasefire and several of them were killed or have committed suicide.

Even children continue to be used by the Maoist militias and cultural groups and when taken are often forced to be messengers or informants.

But the UN agency also raised serious concerns about a particular group of 50 children, including some as young as 12 years old, who had been taken away by Maoists and are receiving military training with weapons.

Such allegations of child recruitment came from various districts in the east and west of Nepal, OHCHR said.

OHCHR was particularly concerned about the failure of the Maoist leadership to take action against the cadres involved in serious rights violations.

In 2005, the country witnessed with shock the killing of 35 civilians, including women and children, in Madi village of Chitwan, nearly 300 km south of Kathmandu, after the Maoists bombed the public bus. The rebels who were responsible for the gross killings were freed after two or three months by the Maoist leaders, the report said.


PAC jawans being trained to counter Naxalism

United News of India

Lucknow, September 29, 2006

The Central Army is training the Provincial Armed Constabulary (PAC) jawans of seven states to enhance their policing skills in combating insurgency, especially in the wake of the growing Naxalite menace in the country.

The state governments of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand and Uttaranchal have sought the Central Army's assistance in imparting specialised training to their respective PAC companies.

The training programmes for 52 PAC companies numbering more than 5,200 PAC jawans in UP alone, are underway at Lucknow, Agra, Kanpur, Varanasi, Bareilly, Allahabad and Meerut.

The training is being imparted on a rotation basis with seven companies being trained at a time. Additionally, 600 jawans of Uttrakhand are being trained at Kotdwara and Haridwar.

The training starts with refreshing the basics of combat and gradually develops into counter terrorism and jungle warfare training before terminating into tough outdoor camps, which are acid test for all training imparted during the month and helps assess the level of assimilation of the jawans.

Specialised counter Naxalite training is being imparted at Punjab Regimental Centre, Ramgarh, Bihar Regimental Centre, Danapur and Grenadier Regimental Centre, Jabalpur to 1,200 police personnel of Jharkhand and 600 personnel of Bihar and Orissa respectively.

To counter IED, training at CMM Jabalpur, counter insurgency and jungle warfare by CIJW School is being imparted to police personnel at Vairante Manipur.

The Central Army is also conducting specialised training for armourers of Chhattisgrh, while 500 police personnel of Orissa will undergo training at JAK Rifles Regimental centre, Jabalpur shortly.

The final leg of training will commence with 675 personnel of Reserve Police Force (RPF) companies of Uttrakhand being trained by the Central Army at 11 Gorkha Rigles Regimental Centre in Lucknow Cantonment beginning January 2007.

Unlike conventional training concepts, these training modules aim at preparing a PAC jawan to be totally adept in weapon handling and field craft and enable him to 'think, survive and operate' like his adversary. The four week strict and focussed training regimen aims at mental conditioning as well as physically toughening the jawans.

Watch Tower: Fighting terrorism & naxalism

The decentralized micro-terror outfits require greater alertness on the part of the states and their intelligence agencies- MK Dhar

Within days of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh alerting the Chief Ministers to the possibility of more serious terrorist strikes, miscreants attacked Muslims saying their prayers in a mosque in Malegaon, but failed to ignite communal fires. The states will take their own time to respond to the Centre's warnings, or implement its action plan to combat terrorism and naxalism, while citing various excuses for non-action. Much valuable time is thus lost. The time has come for the Centre and the states to put their act together and effectively deal with this problem threatening internal peace and security.

After Malegaon came the stunning discovery of nearly a thousand rockets and launchers from godowns in Mehboobnagar and Prakasam in Andhra Pradesh, obviously meant for some terrorist outfit in the country. Arms-running on such a large scale has gone unchecked along the Indo-Pak border and the vast seashore, with the result that terrorists and Maoists, who have now spread throughout the country, are well stocked with weapons of the latest type to take on the hard-pressed security forces.

The Centre has projected a grim scenario of "fidayeen" (suicide) bombers attacking economic and religious targets, nuclear establishments and Army camps. The existence of terrorist modules and "sleeper cells" in almost all states has made the whole country vulnerable. Though this is known for some years, yet a coordinated action plan has not emerged for a variety of reasons. Police in a particular state thinks it has done its duty by pushing anti-social elements outside the territory of its state to a neighbouring state, which bears the consequences. The Prime Minister had rightly pointed to the violent activities of "externally inspired and directed" terrorist groups. He also hints at the possibility of splinter terrorist groups working independently of any direction and choosing targets at random. These decentralized micro-terror outfits require greater alertness on the part of the states and their intelligence agencies and the police which have a locational advantage.

President APJ Abdul Kalam also has been constrained to underline the need to tackle the menace, which not only poses a threat to internal security but also the burgeoning economy.

The Mumbai train blasts are suspected to be the handiwork of Pakistan-based and inspired terrorist outfits and their Indian appendages which receive direct aid from abroad, including the Inter Services Intelligence. Kalam has referred to the collateral damage caused by terrorism, Naxalism, extremist and other forms of low intensity proxy warfare in several districts. These serious challenges call for special measures to put in place an integrated security system.

Besides joint action, there is the need for greater and more effective coordinated decision making. The participation of people's groups is necessary to neutralize the bulk of the disruptive elements who may have linked with hostile outside forces. Unfortunately, some extremist and fundamentalist fringes of the minority community, who receive direction and funds from outside the country too have their own agenda. The overwhelming majority of Muslims are against terrorism, extremism and activity calculated to disturb peace and harmony and to damage the economy. They demand the severest action against any such unpatriotic elements. The Prime Minister has rightly pointed to the perils of suspecting the Muslim community and stressed the need of isolating and weeding out the criminal elements while, at the same time, attending to the legitimate grievances of the minorities. The hand of non-Muslim elements in some of the blasts cannot be entirely ruled out.

The police force find themselves ill-equipped and ill prepared to face the new challenges posed by extremists who are armed with sophisticated weapons and communication systems. Therefore, the CMs, apart from routinely demanding more funds to upgrade the weaponry and communications of the police forces, should take the President's suggestion seriously for creating a new force which is trained in low intensity warfare and is equipped with new technologies. The problems of terrorism, naxalism and other forms of crime and violence could thus become an opportunity to strengthen the entire internal security system and also generate employment.

The suggestion to create a National Campaign to Eradicate Terrorism (NCET) with a mission - oriented integrated management structure and people's participation, is also a sound one. International terrorism has behind it a lot of meticulous planning and training in executing missions. The NCET could facilitate the working of the security and intelligence agencies.

It is also necessary to view terrorism and naxalism separately, calling for a twin approach. Much of international terrorism is inspired by religion and politics, whereas Naxalism has strong socio-economic roots and is sustained by the injustices of an exploitative social order. While the state is entitled to launch a massive drive to eliminate perpetrators of terrorism, regardless of the cause they espouse, and who are mostly foreign inspired and financed, it must deal cautiously with Naxalism because it has strong support among sections of the rural population, which is the victim of social and economic injustice.

While urging the security forces to enlist people's cooperation in their anti-terror campaign, the Prime Minister correctly proposed "a blend of firm but sophisticated handling of Naxalite violence, with sensitive handling of the developmental aspects". Herein lies the crux of the matter. It would be unjust and futile to unleash a wholesale war against Naxalites at the behest of the exploitative agrarian system, without first attending to the causes of the revolt in both its developmental and social aspects. A careful study of the profile of the people lured to join the Naxalites would reveal that most of them have been deprived of their meager holding by exploitative landlords and moneylenders and of their jobs. The administrative and the judicial system have refused to intercede on their behalf and give them redress. Driven to the wall, deprived of their living and often sent to jail for clashing with the rural mafia and harbouring a spirit of revenge, they are lured by the naxals to join their ranks and thus turn into outlaws.

No wonder, as injustice and inequality in the rural areas have grown, agricultural production has stagnated and unrest has increased. Naxalites have spread their wings to almost all states and established a corridor from Tamil Nadu to Nepal.

As the state fails to tackle the underlying causes of rural poverty, unrest and unemployment, disaffection and naxalism will continue to grow. Purely police measures will not solve deep-rooted social and economic problems. The Centre's various rural employment guarantee and empowerment schemes are part of the answer, but these must be vigorously and honestly pursued to ensure the benefits actually percolate down to the intended beneficiaries and the cash dole is not pocketed by middlemen and the bureaucracy. The creation of self protective armies by the landlords and other exploitative classes to fight naxalite or Maoists is not the answer to the problem. That will only create civil war conditions in the rural areas and deepen the caste and class divide.

Though Naxalism originated in West Bengal, the state government managed to deal with it through far-reaching land and tenancy reform which transferred land to the landless and also ensured a share of the harvest to the tiller. Though on paper other states have implemented the land ceiling laws, in effect, they have frustrated them with the connivance of the local authorities and landed classes. A comprehensive approach to tackling rural unrest is called for, without which accelerating the agricultural growth rate, which has almost stagnated, will not be possible.

Terrorism has international dimensions and must be put down firmly. Pakistan continues to use it as a weapon of state in order to keep the Kashmir issue alive and also weaken India economically by hitting industrial cities and complexes. India has failed to get any firm guarantees from Pakistan on stopping use of its territory for terrorist activity and is unlikely to get them, despite the many summit level meetings. To live in the hope that Gen Musharraf will turn off the terrorism tap, dismantle the training camps on Pakistani soil and make functioning of the many terrorist organisations (which simply change their name plates after being banned) impossible would be the height of folly.

The only answer is to strengthen border vigilance and upgrade our internal security and intelligence apparatus and create a motivated force to root out terrorism with a firm hand. The label of a soft-state which India has earned emboldens international fundamentalist and terrorist organizations, as well as, other criminals to mount attacks with impunity and get away with it. This image needs correction. Any laxity on this front will not only threaten internal cohesion and security but also lead to political instability and have adverse consequences for the economy.



There are too many problems and each needs urgent attention Sankarshan Thakur

The UPA’s aam aadmi is feeling quite as cheated as he was with the NDA’s India Shining

The Naxal threat. The proliferation of terror. The deathly spiral of the rural economy. Each of these has seemed on different occasions in recent months to be the single most important challenge confronting the nation, accosting attention, forcing the deciding classes to spell out a response. The problem is, they are not taking turns. They are all unspooling at the same time, forcing the government and the ruling upa into a situation where it can ill-afford to take eyes off any. They daily belie the overdose of well-being that metros and most of the media subject us to. It is not for nothing that at the recent conclave of Congress chief ministers in Nainital, Sonia Gandhi spoke with urgency and concern on all three issues without really being able to give one or the other priority; it isn’t possible to grade these issues over or below one another. Terrorism, because of its spectacular ability to grab attention, may seem like the one issue the country needs to grapple with more urgently than others. Sure enough, the implications of terror strikes go well beyond their immediate impact — they threaten to open communal fissures and rip our social fabric — but it would be disastrous to neglect the spread of Naxalism and the agrarian crisis. Fortunately, if there can be anything fortunate in this, the two are not entirely separate issues. Indeed, they are quite closely linked. Naxalism, by and large, is spreading into areas that also happen to be the heartland of the bad news in agricultural terms. There appears, therefore, a clear socio-economic link between the two. For all the talk that has gone on in New Delhi (and in capitals of affected states) about reinforcing security measures to outflank Naxalism, attention will have to stir in the direction of fundamental socio-economic and agrarian reform. A famished, disaffected landscape is, perhaps, the best ground for ultra ideologies like Naxalism (which promise new hope and radical solutions even if they do not eventually deliver them) to prosper. It will require imaginative, out-of-the-box thinking on the part of the government to kickstart a process of retrieval. It will have to be a combination of political and economic measures, dynamically presented and implemented. It is perhaps fair to say the market has hogged the lion’s share of the dynamism and talent that exists in the Manmohan Singh government. Time, perhaps, to reorient a little. That will only be a start towards reclaiming the aam aadmi who is beginning to feel quite as cheated as he was with the “India Shining” slogan of the NDA.

Army arming cops to tackle Naxals

HT Correspondent
Lucknow, September 29

THE ARMY is training police personnel to combat Naxalism in six states. The Governments of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Uttaranchal have approached the Central Command to help arm the police to tackle the gr
owing Naxal menace.

In a statement issued by the Central Command on Friday, it was said that the training programme for as many as 52 PAC companies (over 5,200 jawans) in Uttar Pradesh was underway at Lucknow, Agra, Kanpur, Varanasi, Bareilly, Allahabad and Meerut. Additionally, 600 PAC jawans of Uttaranchal were being trained at Kotwara and Hardwar. Specialised anit-Naxalite training is being imparted at Punjab Regimental Centre, Ramgarh, Bihar Regiment Centre, Danapur and Grenadier Regimental Centre, Jabalpur for 1,200 police personnel of Jharkhand and 600 personnel of Bihar and Orissa, respectively.

In addition to counter improvised explosives device (IED) training at CMM in Jabalpur, counter-insurgency and jungle warfare training by CIJW School is being imparted to police personnel in Vairangte in Manipur. The Central Army is also presently conducting specialised training for personnel in Chhattisgarh.

Furthermore, 500 police personnel of Orissa will be undergoing training at JAK Rifles Regimental Centre in Jabalpur, shortly.

Unlike the conventional training concepts, these training modules aim at preparing a PAC jawan to be totally adept in weapon handling and field craft and enable him to “think, survive and operate” like his adversary. The four-week training aims at mental conditioning as well as physically toughening the jawans.

The training starts with refreshing the basics of combat and gradually develops into counter terrorism and jungle warfare training before terminating into tough outdoor camps.

The basic training in the first week involves physical conditioning and firing all kinds of modern weapons. In the second weak, the jawans are made to undergo tough endurance training and learn about use of communication devices including advanced radio sets, adopting secrecy in communication, navigation in the thick forested jungles and mountains and exert field craft to enable them to survive and fight.

The jawans are taught to “think and fight” like a naxal. The jawans are initially acquainted with the origins of the movement, its demands, present organisational set-up, spread and the modus operandi being adopted by the Naxalites. Thereafter, they are trained on establishment and security of police posts in the affected areas, route patrolling, road opening, cordon and search operations, laying of ambushes and raids on naxal hideouts and camps etc.

Though, initially, the Naxals have been using crude bombs, now they have graduated to the use of remote-controlled improvised explosive device (IEDs) and more sophisticated bombs. Special training is being imparted to the jawans in handling explosives, neutralising, and disarming IEDs and identification and disposal of bombs. Jawans are also being trained in the important aspect of intelligence gathering and creation of intelligence bases which would ensure success in the field.

Model Naxal hideouts have been prepared which shall help the jawans acquaint themselves with the nuances of a hideout and plan a raid more effectively. Army instructors were specially dispatched to the Naxal-affected areas to seek a first hand account of the actual ground conditions and modus operandi of the Naxalites. The month-long training is being imparted on a rotation basis with seven companies being trained at a time. The final leg of the training will commence with 675 personnel of Reserve Police Force (RPF) companies of Uttaranchal being trained by the Central Army at 11 Gorkha Rifles Regimental Centre in Lucknow Cantonment beginning in January, 2007.

Foreign funding for terrorism should be curbed: Minister

Chennai, Sept. 29 (UNI): Union Minister of State for Home Affairs Sriprakash Jaiswal today stressed the need for breaking the 'evil foreign funds chain' to contain terrorism.

Inaugurating a regional seminar on Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA) 1976, jointly organised by the Standard Chartered Bank and Union Ministry of Home Affairs, he said the Act addressed internal security by ensuring that foreign aid flowed only to organisations whose antecedents and activities were not inimical to national interest.

This kind of legislation or regulation was prevalent in several countries and was not peculiar to India. 'What is really disturbing is that despite such laws in force, incidents like the 9/11 attack on the World Trade Centre, 13/12 attacks on Indian Parliament and the recent bomb blasts in Mumbai local trains took place', he regretted.

'Moreover, the security situation in Jammu and Kashmir, North East and states having naxal-affected areas cannot be seen in isolation. It is widely known that terrorists, extremists and secessionists have links in foreign soil and there is a nexus between such elements across the world', he said and added that any strategy to counter anti-national activities had to break the 'evil foreign funds chain.'

Mr Jaiswal said the proposed new bill to replace the FCRA would make NGOs more transparent, rather than obstruct receipt and utilisation of foreign funds for genuine activities.

The main feature of the bill, to be tabled in the winter session of Parliament, would be to put in place a transparent system to strengthen the monitoring of receipt, utilisation and accounting of foreign contributions by NGOs.

'The accountability of the administration will be enhanced. The focus of the government is that the new bill should facilitiate rather than obstruct receipt and utilisation of foreign funds for genuine activities', he clarified.

Observing that the bill would address certain shortcomings and lacunae noticed in the implementation of the Act during the last 30 years, he said the redrafted bill would take care of the concerns and interests reflected by stakeholders.

Thursday, September 28, 2006

Full alert in Purulia

Nani Gopal Pal
PURULIA, Sept. 28: A full alert was sounded in Purulia district last week in the aftermath of the murder of three policemen and a CPI-M leader in two consecutive days at Lalgarh in Midnapore West district.
As a result, security has been tightened in the Naxal infested Bandwan, Jhalda, Boro, Joypur and Kotshila in Purulia district.
“There is no question of withdrawing the Central security forces from the Naxal affected areas,” said a police officer of Bandwan PS today, confirming the security beef-up. Only 20 community Pujas are being held in Bandwan block, a remote and impoverished area, said Mr Bansi Hansda, a Puja organiser.
“We hope Maoists will not carry on with their terrorist activities during the festival season, including Durga Puja, Kali Puja and Deepabali,” he said.
The district police are serious about the security threat and they are not dismissing the possibility of a sudden attack by the Maoists. “We can never believe the ultras because we know their attitude and we have likewise alerted the villagers,” a district police personnel said.
About 49 and 45 community Pujas have been organised in Purulia sadar and muffassil areas respectively. Though the areas are not extremist-infested, police are keeping a close vigil there for the safety and security of the local people.
“Our aim is to ensure a peaceful Puja,” said Mr Debabrata Bandyopadhyay, DM and Mr Ashoke Kr Prasad, SP, Purulia.
The Central paramilitary force and West Bengal state police have deployed forces in all sensitive areas, especially along the Jharkhand border. Police have restricted passage of vehicles in border areas, particularly at the nine check-posts of the district.
There are a few “Raj family” Pujas at Kashipur, Barabazar, Joypur and Mazbazar. In two of them, golden images are worshipped. Armed police have been deployed in all suspected areas. Police mobile vans will be on duty round the clock in all the police stations of the district during the four days of Puja, from Friday to Monda

Landmines recovered in Orissa

Thursday September 28 2006 12:51 IST
MALKANGIRI: Kalimela police on Tuesday recovered two landmines and two claymore mines from the Badigeta-Marigeta road.

According to sources, the Kalimela police team was on its way to Marigeta hill as they had been tipped off that the Naxalites were conducting a meeting in the hill area.

While the landmines, detected with the help of a metal detector, weighed about 13 kg, the two claymore mines weighed about 20 kg.

The police also recovered about 100 metres wire, six detonators, a lighter and a belt from the spot. Kalimela police have blamed the Kalimela Dalam of CPI (Maoist) for the incident and lodged an FIR.

SP Yatindra Koyal confirmed the incident and said the CRPF and Kalimela police have intensified combing operation to nab the ultras.

CISF to take over security of Delhi Metro

Bangalore, Sept 28. (UNI): The Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) will take over the task of providing security to Delhi Metro shortly, CISF Director General S I S Ahmed said on Wednesday.

Talking to mediapersons here, he said following the London Metro blasting July, the issue of providing security to Delhi Metro to CISF was considered seriously.

Mr Ahmed said CSIF, with more than 96,000 personnel, has been providing security to 267 public sector undertakings, including 54 Airports and 50 Delhi based Government Buildings and Historical Monuments like Taj Mahal, Red Fort besides providing fire protection cover to 75 establishments in the country.

He said that due to an increase in naxalite activities, CISF has taken over security of important installations, including Nuclear Power plants and mining in naxalities infected areas in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

Mr Ahmed said that to provide multidimensional security coverage, to create a security awarness among the public and to promote the profession in the country, the India Trade Promotion Organisation (ITPO), in collaboration with CISF will be holding the 11th edition of the International Security, Safety Fire Exhibition (ISS&FE'06) in Bangalore from September 28 to 30.

The theme of the exhibition, held for the first time outside the Nation's Capital, included Security for Technology Industries, all kind of security gudgets, newly develolped control systems, perimeter protection devices, surveillance devices, explosive detection and disposal, burglar alarm system, disaster management and NBC Equipment and Equipment for bank and hospital security and many other security related devices will be on display during the three day exhibition.

He said the main object of the promoters of the Exhibition is to promote both domestic and international trade, attract new investments, technology transfers and joint ventures besides attempting to creating awarness on emerging security, fire and safety needs.

Police trying to trace `major contacts' of Raghu

K.T. Sangameswaran

Probe reveals his account in a bank at Mogappair


Even prior to 2005, Raghu made preparations for manufacture and transport of consignments
Motorcycle on which Raghu and Sudharani escaped on September 9 has not been located

CHENNAI: Even as the hunt for Raghu alias Srinivasa Reddy and Sudharani of Nellore, wanted in connection with the case relating to seizure of rocket components is on, the `Q' branch CID is trying to locate his "major contacts" in the city and other parts of the State

Investigators say Raghu, who belongs to a naxalite group in Andhra Pradesh, had made preparations for manufacture and transport of illegal consignments to Andhra Pradesh even prior to 2005.

While one consignment was sent in August 2005, two others were despatched in May this year.

The police, who have the cell phone number of Raghu, have scanned the list of calls and investigation points only to genuine business deals with his contacts.

Raghu, a mechanical engineer, was running Bharath Fine Engineering at Padi. Soon after the arrest of seven persons in connection with the case, the Tamil Nadu police had said that only after nabbing Raghu would it be known whether he himself had produced any illegal component. The probe into his contacts is continuing. The police believe that he could not have stayed in the city and started his nefarious activity without the help of known persons.

The probe has revealed he had an account in a bank at Mogappair, but the balance "is not alarming," the sources say.

Efforts are on to check whether he had account in any other branch.

The police say the motorcycle on which Raghu and Sudharani escaped on September 9 has not been located.

Detection of the vehicle will provide clues regarding his whereabouts.

Staying in Ambattur, Raghu established contacts with six engineering units, got the components manufactured and sent them to Andhra Pradesh.

Udupi-Kaup: 'Rural Development Projects Apt Solution to Naxal Problem'

Kaup, Sep 28: Naxal problem can be solved only by bringing rural development project federations into practice, said district journalists' association vice-president Jitendra Kundeshwar.

He was speaking at the annual meeting of the Shri Dharmasthala Rural Development Project and self-help groups held at Karandadi Sri Rama Higher Primary School on Sunday September 24.

Farmers belonging to the rural development project can live an independent life. If this project had been implemented in villages years ago, the Naxal problem would not have taken root, he said. Farmers have been taking loans to access new farming methods like artificial fertilizers and pesticides and have been committing suicide owing to inability to repay the loans. With the implementation of organic agriculture project, this problem can be solved, he said.

The programme was inaugurated by social worker K Leeladhar. Gram Panchayat president Subrahmanya Aithal presided. Karandadi school headmaster Nirmal Kumar Hegde and others were present.

K Leeladhar Shetty, a social worker of Mumbai Kannada Sangha, was felicitated on the occasion.

Federation president Krishna Rao welcomed the gathering.

Crackdown on Naxalites underway in Chhattisgarh

CRPF launches monsoon thrust against Naxals in Chhattisgarh

New Delhi, Sept 28: The CRPF has launched a crackdown against Naxalites in insurgency-hit Bastar region of Chhattisgarh to recapture areas "liberated" by the rebels, a low-key but massive operation fine-tuned by former supercop K P S Gill.

The monsoon thrust, planned to surprise Naxalites who usually lie low during the rainy season, began towards the end of August and is progressing without much bloodshed, top officials of the force said here.

The strategy is to conduct surprise raids on the basis of intelligence reports and the CRPF has so far apprehended over 100 rebels and killed two, besides seizing huge quantities of arms and ammunition.

Official figures available with PTI show that there were 24 shootouts between CRPF personnel and Naxals in August and September, with the force losing only one jawan. Nine persons were injured during the operations.

However, the "deep penetration operation" has slowed down at several places after Naxalites destroyed government primary health centres and schools -- potential shelters for the CRPF personnel.

"They destroyed over 30 such structures this month alone and are distributing leaflets warning villagers against extending help to the security forces," a senior officer said.

The operation, planned by CRPF Director General J K Sinha and Gill, was launched in the wake of a Naxal raid on a relief camp for displaced people in Dantewada district in July that left at least 29 people dead and over 80 injured.

Bureau Report

'CISF to provide security consultancy to private parties'

Bangalore, Sept. 27 (PTI): The Central Industrial Security Force, providing security to only government and public sector organisations hitherto, will also cover private organisations in its ambit, providing them "security consultancy", a top CISF official said today.

"With the sanctioning of consultancy wing this year, CISF will now provide security consultancy to private parties," S I S Ahmed, Director General, CISF, said.

"The CISF has already presented a security survey report to Tata Iron and Steel Company (TISCO) in Jamshedpur and would shortly be inducted for Delhi Metro rail also," he told reporters on the eve of the 11th International, Security and Fire Exhibition 2006 starting here tomorrow.

CISF has recently furnished a survey report to Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC), he said.

The 96,000 strong CISF force, which at present covers 54 airports in the country, would be extending its service to seven or eight more airports soon, Ahmed said.

CISF has its fully-equipped Quick Reaction Teams (QRTs) in all the 54 airports to handle any crisis, he said.

Apart from being deployed in atomic energy installations, coal and steel mines and ports, CISF covers over 85 installations in naxal-affected areas in Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

"The CISF's area of operation is limited to the area of the installation and ours is not a naxal fighting force," Ahmed said.

Wednesday, September 27, 2006

Maoist leader Keshwar Yadav arrested in Jharkhand

[ 27 Sep, 2006 1402hrs IST IANS ]

RANCHI: Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) general secretary Keshwar Yadav, allegedly involved in attacks on police stations, has been arrested in Jharkhand, police officials said on Wednesday.

Yadav was arrested at Namkom, 13 km from Ranchi, on Tuesday "after specific information on him", said state director general of police VD Ram. "It (the arrest) is a big success for the police," he added.

Yadav joined the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) in 1993 and gradually rose to become one of the top leaders of the Maoist organisation. When MCC merged with the People's War Group in September 2004, he was given charge of the group's activities in Chhattisgarh.

Police had announced a reward of Rs 100,000 for his capture.

Yadav was arrested along with another CPI-Maoist member, and two self-loading rifles were recovered from them, police officials said.

During interrogation, Yadav admitted to his involvement in several landmine blasts and attacks on police stations, claimed police officials.

Maoist rebels are active in 16 of the 22 districts of the state.

'Cops ill-equipped to fight Naxalites' --KPS Gill

Suchandana Gupta
[ 27 Sep, 2006 0030hrs ISTTIMES NEWS NETWORK ]

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DANTEWADA (CHHATTISGARH): India's most famous anti-insurgency cop, now in the dense forests of Chhattisgarh leading a blitz against Naxalites, says the state police force is woefully trained and equipped.

"There are significant deficiencies in strength, equipment, infrastructure and resources which are being attended to. As these gaps in police capacities are filled up, the responses will develop a far more effective edge," KPS Gill, the former Punjab DGP, told TOI in an exclusive interview.

"There are many points in which police capacities require enhancement, and arms, transport and other infrastructure constitute part of the current deficiencies,"
Gill said.

The man credited for crushing Punjab's khalistan rebellion said the job of tackling insurgency can't be outsourced to Central forces and must be done by local police.

"Central forces are essentially a stop-gap arrangement, where local forces do not have sufficient capacities of response. The state's own capabilities must be developed to an adequate level so that it is able to face the challenge by itself."

Gill also ruled out a political solution to the Naxal problem, saying the popular sentiment against Leftist insurgents had been seen in the growing Salva Judum movement, in which civilians have formed armed groups to guard against Naxal attacks.
"The Salva Judum is a popular tribal movement, not some group or cadre of a special organisation. This is the whole body of the tribals standing against Naxalites." Then he slammed politicians for trying to talk peace with terrorists, who had blood on their hands.

"It has become fashionable among many states to let innocent citizens die and show their magnanimity by talking to their assassins and killers, whether it is in Assam and Kashmir at the moment."

"Never have any talks or what is called a 'political process' led to a resolution of any insurgency in India, except when the terrorist or insurgent forces have already been military defeated or overwhelmed.

Any assertion to the contrary is only an apology for the ineptitude of our political leadership," he said. He predicted the Naxal movement could be crushed within a few years if adequate resources were deployed and the Centre did not waver.

"If measures that are required to be taken are taken in right earnest across the country, it should not take more than four to five years to completely root out this problem."

"Unfortunately, general elections are expected within the next two years, and all political parties are gripped by a frenzy of wheeling-dealing."

Home Ministry allays security fears

Wednesday, September 27, 2006 11:46:57 am

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ALL’S WELL: The document on internal security that the Home Ministry circulated among the states
Despite all around concerns on the internal security front, the Home Minister Shivraj Patil claims 'all is well'.

This claim has been made by the Home Minister in a detailed document on internal security - a document circulated at the recently concluded Chief Minister's conclave of the Congress ruled states in Nainital.

Recent terror attacks notwithstanding

TERROR ON TRAIN: A file picture of serial blasts on Mumbai’s local trains on July 11, 2006
29, October 2005, blasts at busy markets in Delhi, 60 dead, over a hundred injured. Less than a year later July 11, 2006, serial blasts in Mumbai trains leave nearly two hundred dead, and more than 300 injured.

And in less than two months, Maharashtra's communally sensitive town of Malegaon was rocked by bomb blasts killing over 38 and injuring over 100 people.

A shocked nation tried hard to recover from the wounds and citizens looked up to the government to protect them, but is the government really listening?

The document released by Shivraj Patils home ministry claims that all is well in the country on the security front. The country has never been safer, and even terror hot spots like Jammu and Kashmir are returning to normal.

The document claims

According to the document, in J&K, the number of security forces and the civilians killed has come down substantially, even the number of terrorists killed in the first eight months of this year has come down.

In the North eastern states, the situation is more or less the same. The number of security forces and the civilians killed has come down but the number terrorists killed has gone up slightly.

In the naxal affected areas, the minister finally admits that violence level has gone up. The number of civilians and security forces casualties and even the number of terrorists killed has gone up.

Of course, the home ministry has glossed over the incidents of violence only in the hinterland of the country. Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and other Indian cities have become the new targets of terror, and it is here that the chinks in the Indian security establishment become more apparent.

(By Nikunj Garg)

Monday, September 25, 2006

Maoists’ Fourth Conference of CCOMPOSA Continues with Anti India Resolutions

By S.Chandrasekharan.

The Kathmandu Post of 20th September, carried some details of the resolutions of the Fourth Conference of CCOMPOSA ( Coordination Committee of Maoists Parties and Organisations of South Asia) held recently in August 2006 at an undisclosed location. These give the impression that the Maoists in Nepal, contrary to what they claim as having renounced people’s war and go for competitive democracy, would continue to deepen and extend their links with the Maoists of the region and work for the seizure of power by armed force; The CPN (M) which is a constituent member was represented in the conference by a central committee member.

Nine parties attended the conference, three each from India and Bangladesh and one each from Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka.

Some points made in the resolution were-

* The CCOMPOSA would deepen and advance the new democratic revolutions in different countries of South Asia turning into a flaming field of people’s revolutionary urges and burn to ashes imperialism (particularly US imperialism), Indian expansionism and all reaction in the region. ( emphasis ours)

* Called on the oppressed people of South Asian countries to join the struggle against Indian expansionism and particularly against the main enemy US imperialism.

* On Nepal, the resolution said that US hatched up conspiracies with Indian expansionism to kill the new democratic revolution in Nepal has been blocked and the revolution continues, giving rise to a wider and powerful upsurge against the hated monarchy and is gaining great victories.

* On Bhutan, it termed the proposed reforms by the Bhutanese King as a “sham.”

CCOMPOSA of 2001.

It may be recalled that the CPN (M) took the initiative in forming the CCOMPOSA on July 21, 2001 and the first conference took place in September 2001 in the Jharkhand region of India. At that time, eleven parties from India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka were involved.

In the last conference in March 2004, the Bhutan Communist Party (BCP) was given an “observer” status. In the latest conference the BCP (M) has been made a regular member.

One of the objectives of the CCOMPOSA was “to coordinate the activities of Maoists parties and organisations in South Asia by spreading protracted People’s war in the region in the context of hastening the world proletarian socialist revolution.”

In the first declaration of CCOMPOSA, India was identified as the common enemy. It said “ The Indian Expansionist State backed by World Imperialism particularly the US imperialism constitutes the common enemy of the people . . . This provides a concrete political basis for the building the unity of the South Asian revolutionary forces.”

This anti Indian tirade continued even in the third conference and the declaration of 19th March 2004 reiterated that it was of utmost necessity to preserve, develop and extend their people’s war in the entire region and initiate new ones.

It can be argued that the third conference of March 2004 was convened before the central plenum of the Nepal Maoists in the same year when they formally changed the course of people’s war to one of Prachanda Path and work for a competitive democracy in pursuit of their objectives.

But this does not explain the decisions of the fourth conference held in August 2006, at a time when the Maoists are planning to enter the mainstream politics under certain conditions and are poised to enter the interim cabinet and interim council leading to connstituent assembly elections..

The Twelve Point Agreement:

When the 12 point agreement was accepted in Delhi on 21st November 2005 and released to the Press the next day with Indian facilitation, it was thought that India would have had valid reasons for jettisoning its long held policy since the 1990 Constitution of supporting the twin pillars of constitutional monarchy and multi party democracy.

Till the 12 point of agreement, it was also thought the King and the army, the political parties of all hues and the Maoists constitute a balance of sorts like a “tripod” providing some stability in spite of the Maoists slowly gaining ground. The agreement of November 2005 removed one leg of the tripod with inevitable consequences.

What made the Government of India acquiesce in the 12 point agreement between the Maoists of Nepal who were technically a banned outfit and the seven party alliance while the home-grown Maoists in India were continuing with their depredations and incidents more daring as each day passed?

It could be that in their assessment, they found that there was no alternative but to engage the Maoists and they believed that the Maoists were genuinely interested in getting into the main stream, Secondly, with the Maoists in Nepal giving up their armed struggle(?) , the Maoists in India would perhaps consider a similar approach. The former is still to be proved unless one accepts the Maoists in their own terms and the latter at the moment could only be a speculation!

The recent declaration of the fourth conference of CCOMPOSA of August 2006 should open the eyes of those who think that the Indian Maoists could be softened with the help of the Maoists from Nepal!

Joint Statementof CPI ( M) & CPN (M)

Much has been made of the differences that are supposed to exist between the Maoists of Nepal and India in the media over the approaches of the two parties on the means to the proletarian revolution. In this connection, one should read a joint statement made by the two parties on August 8 2006- we quote only two of the paragraphs.

“ Lately a section of the media has tried to blow out of proportion of differences that have been expressed by the two parties publicly. It is in the interest of the reactionaries that Maoists divide and split continuously. It is then no wonder that a section of the media has sought to exaggerate the differences in India and Nepal.

“The two parties once again reassert their firm unity in the spirit of proletarian internationalism while continuing healthy debates and discussions on issues on which we differ.”

It is still possible that the Maoists may come to power in Nepal through the ballot. But it will be naive to think that it will have a positive impact on the Indian Maoists. On the other hand it is likely that the Maoists in India will get bolder and support from across cannot be ruled out.

Maoist Atrocities Increasing: Report

THT Online
Lalitpur, September 25

Maoist atrocities have increased across the country lately, according to a report made public by the Informal Sector Service Centre (INSEC) here on Sunday.
The Human Rights Treaty Monitoring Coordination Committee (HRTMCC) of the INSEC had carried out on the spot study on different cases of rights violations during the last one month. The incidents studied included murder of Kumar Pariyar in Lamjung, clash between Maoists and locals at Devapurteta of Bara, discrimination by district judge at Dang and the case of Shaileswori temple of Doti.
Addressing a press conference organised to release the reports, INSEC president Subodh Raj Pyakurel said five major incidents of rights violations occurred between August 26 and September 11 and Dalits were victimised in all the cases. He claimed that the government has become helpless while Maoist atrocities have gone up.
"Political parties should be held responsible for ensuring the rights of the people," he said. "The Maoists have been attacking Dalits in a series of incidents and the state has become a mere spectator."
Recalling the incident of Devapurteta of Bara, Shiva Khakurel of INSEC said the Maoists had abducted Jedhi Shah Kanu, son of CPN-UML activist Mahabir Shah Kanu, while he was returning home from exam centre.
"Besides, the Maoists did not allow the doctors of the Narayani Sub-regional hospital to conduct x-ray of the deceased Naresh Yadav. The Maoists have claimed that Yadav was their cadre, which the villagers deny," Khakurel, one of the members of the study team, said.
The report on Kumar Pariyar, 16, has stated that the Maoists had severely tortured him to death for stealing.
President of the Society for the Liberation of Oppressed Castes Lal Bahadur Biswokarma said pressure should be created on all the political parties not to let such incidents to continue. He said the parties are reluctant to talk about incidents of rights violations.
"Such incidents will continue until feudalism exists in the country," he said adding that efforts should be made to decrease the loss of life and property. "Therefore, we should fight against rights violators unitedly," he said.

Maoists close ranks to make South Asia a flaming field of revolutions

Mon, 2006-09-25 17:54
By M Rama Rao reporting from India

New Delhi, 25 Sept ( Maoist of Nepal, who are now in a consolidation phase, have closed ranks with their counterparts in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Bhutan to turn ‘South Asia into a flaming field of Maoist revolutions’.

Meeting at an undisclosed location, the South Asian grouping of Maoist parties also vowed to ‘advance revolutions for the seizure of power by armed force’ though no time frame was set for ‘action’.

It was the fourth conference of the Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA). In a political resolution the conclave resolved to ‘deepen and extend the links between genuine Maoists of the region’.

In all, 13 parties – five each from India and Bangladesh and one each from Sri Lanka, Bhutan and Nepal were founder members of CCOMPOSA in July 2001.

The initiative for floating the group was taken by Nepal Maoists. But only nine parties attended the latest session hosted by Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

Two original founders from Bangladesh and one from India did not attend. It is not clear why, according to a Nepali website.

Expectedly, the political resolution came down heavily on ‘expansionist India’ and ‘imperialist USA’. It accused the United States of hatching up conspiracies ‘with Indian expansionism to kill the new democratic revolution in Nepal’ but said ‘we have blocked these plans and the revolution continues, giving rise to a wider and powerful upsurge against the hated monarchy and is gaining new victories”.

The Maoists, who are known here in India as Peoples War Group or plain Naxalites, have been working along with their Nepali counterparts to develop a ‘red corridor’ from Nepal to Sri Lanka cutting through Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra, Karnataka and Kerala. According to some reports the Andhra Naxalites are in contact with the LTTE for arms procurement particularly claymore mine, and training. Chennai has emerged as an arms base in recent months for Naxalites with a ‘manufacturing unit’ located on the outskirts of the city.

That the influence of outside Maoists on Nepali Maoists is really strong became clear from a remark attributed to Dina Nath Sharma who is a member of the Maoist team of negotiators on interim government setup in the Himalayan Kingdom.

"Some of our friends in the region (other Maoist parties in SA) have opposed CPN-M's preparations to join the interim government", he told a Kathmandu daily but added "We will move ahead through consensus. This disclosure means there is headache ahead for Prime Minister Koirala.

Mr Sharma was frank enough to concede that the gaol of establishing 'the South Asian Soviet Federation something too far away’. For him, the CCOMPOSA is the first step towards that direction.

Against this backdrop, media reports about Nepali Maoists’ plans to hide their arms in India assume significance and send alarm bells for the overstretched security establishment. The Nepali Maoists have to lay down their arms and hand them over to peace monitors before joining the Koirala government and holding of elections. Prime Minister Koirala has ruled out any compromise in this regard and he is backed in his resolve by the Americans, whose envoy to Kathmandu is publicly branding the Maoists as unreliable.

It is possible that Maoists could hide some of their sophisticated arsenal in India’s border belt in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttaranchal to keep themselves ‘ready to meet any contingency’. India is worried naturally about these arms finding their way to Naxalites, who in all probability are going to be the custodians of the Nepali arms chest.

-Asian Tribune -

Change in tactics to counter naxals

New Delhi, Sept. 25 (PTI): With armoured vehicles becoming sitting ducks for landmine attacks, CRPF personnel will now be seen patrolling on bicycles and motorbikes in Naxalite-infested jungles and hamlets in states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

The paramilitary force, battling left wing insurgency in several states, has directed its company commanders to concentrate on patrolling on foot and with two-wheelers, a change of tactics in tune with the ground situation.

"Most roads in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are heavily mined. Two-wheelers can go deep into jungles and boost area domination. The personnel can even leave their vehicles behind if the need arises," an official of the force said.

Heavy vehicles are easily targeted by the Maoist rebels and attacks on them usually inflict huge loss of life and property, a situation the force now wants to prevent at any cost.

The CRPF lost 29 personnel-- 13 in Jharkhand and six in Chhattisgarh -- so far this year in attacks by Maoists, compared to just one death during the same period last year. There were at least 25 landmine and IED blasts in Chhattisgarh this year alone.

The force had experimented with using two-wheelers for patrolling ULFA-dominated areas of lower Assam in 2001 and the tactic proved very successful, officers familiar with anti-insurgency operations said.

Seven arrested for being ‘sympathetic’ to Naxalites

Statesman News Service

PARALAKHEMUNDI, Sept. 24: The Gajapati police today arrested seven suspected Naxalite sympathisers, including two women, after conducting raids at several places. Those arrested have been charged with supporting, cooperating, sympathising, liaisoning and propagating for the Naxalites and distributing anti-government propaganda materials at the Gilakatu village in Mohona block .
According to the Gajapati SP, Mr AN Sinha, the seven have been forwarded to court and one of them has been charged under the Arms Act.
The police have recovered incriminating documents including diaries, cassettes, propaganda materials (with anti-government propaganda writings), medicines and books from the arrested persons.
All the arrested people are from the Kui community and belong to Raipanaka area of the Mohona block. It is for the second time during the course of one month that the local police have managed to nab Naxalite sympathizers and activists here.
Those arrested today have been identified as Lajar Majhi (Gillakutaa village) along with a rifle, Narendra Durga Makka (Garada), Muluku Majhi (Geranga), Prasant Kumar Dika (Chipilima) and Monoj Majhi (Chipilima) and the women are Baramani Majhi and Sunita Majhi from the Jaragidua village. While all the arrested persons are in their twenties, Lazar Majhi is 54-year-old.
One Dasuram Majhi, who is wanted by the police in many cases and was reportedly with this group, however, managed to escape.

Indian Maoists could get arms from Nepal Maoists

New Delhi, Sept 25, IRNA
It is feared Indian Maoists may get hold of some of the sophisticated arms from their ideological brothers from the Himalayan nation.

Security managers are also concerned over the reported growth in naxal bases and movement on the Indian-Nepal border.

Uttaranchal has reported to the Home Ministry that CPN (Maoist) cadres, who dominate Nepalese areas along the border, routinely cross into Indian territory. The state has sought help in manning bridges and checking-in procedures, TOI report said here.

Naxalites have begun to spread in north Bengal, bordering Nepal, from their strong turf in the south-west of the state adjoining Orissa and Jharkhand.

Falling in the north is Darjeeling, a tough mountainous terrain from a security angle. The Centre recently warned the state on the radicalization of these areas and asked it to initiate action to nip the threat in the bud.

Bihar, meanwhile, has sanctioned a special package for development along the international boundary and it plans to strengthen the intelligence network there as well.

Fresh fears over new arms dumps have heightened the worry as they come in the backdrop of Centre already grappling with the improving quality of the rebels' arsenal, with the interception of naxal-bound consignments of over 800 rockets in Andhra.

Evidence points to an increasing militarization of naxalites, matching cops with the quality of their weapons.

Naxals in AP have acquired sophisticated VHF sets for
communication besides pressure-activated and wireless activated mines.

AKs and SLRs are present in all naxal states. Crude rockets seized recently have rattled the agencies as they were found to have been manufactured in part at industrial units in Tamil Nadu.

Sunday, September 24, 2006

Project Aasara winner of 2006 International Civil Rights Award

International Association of Chiefs of Police
515 North Washington Street
Alexandria, VA 22314–2357
Phone: 703/836–6767; 1–800/THE IACP
Fax: 703/836–4543
Cable Address: IACPOLICE

Dear Superintendent Mahesh Bhagwat:

Law enforcement officers are often recognized and lauded for their efforts to enforce criminal law and promote public safety. Their broader role in contributing to a more just and civil society receives less recognition. Yet, everyday members of the law enforcement community protect and promote human and civil rights, consistent with the professional missions espoused by their agencies and the constitutional principles they have sworn to uphold. The IACP maintains that law enforcement agencies and officers should be recognized among the most ardent and visible champions of civil rights.

Within this spirit, our Civil Rights Committee established the IACP Civil Rights Award in Law Enforcement. This award is "…bestowed upon the law enforcement organization and/or individual who demonstrate exemplary performance in the investigation and/or prevention of civil rights crimes, the enforcement of civil rights statutes, and education efforts regarding civil rights issues."

I am pleased to notify you that the Nalgonda District Police, Government of Andhra Pradesh has been selected to receive a 2006 Civil Rights Award for your Programme Aasara. Although the committee received an unprecedented number of submissions this year, members determined that your agency’s submission is among those that most clearly exemplify the ideals that inspired this award. The Civil Rights Awards will be presented at a ceremony on October 13 in Boston at IACP’s annual conference. We hope that a representative from your department is able to attend the ceremony. IACP staff will contact you with the specific details.

Congratulations for this achievement and the outstanding example your agency provides to the law enforcement profession. I also commend you for the services you have provided to your constituency and for improving the quality of life in your community.

Chief Mary Ann Viverette
IACP President

Maoist splinter group admits killing Nepal MP

By Sudeshna Sarkar, Indo-Asian News Service

Kathmandu, Sep 24 (IANS) A Maoist splinter group has accepted responsibility for the murder of a sitting MP in southern Nepal Saturday.

Joy Krishna Goit, once the senior most Maoist leader in the southern terai plains bordering India, who is now interlocked in a deadly feud with the Maoist rebels, told the media by phone that his Janatantrik Terai Mukti Morcha had assassinated Krishna Charan Shrestha, a veteran politician from the royalist Rastriya Prajatantra Party.

Goit said Shrestha, one of the richest politicians in Siraha district in southern Nepal, was killed as part of his party's campaign againt the exploitation of the plains people by feudal forces.

The assassination of the parliamentarian marks a departure from the faction's earlier agenda of attacking Maoist leaders in the plains and could stoke the simmering animosity between plains people and the hill folk.

Shrestha was gunned down by three assailants early Saturday morning near his house in Belaha village as he was returning from a morning walk. The attackers fired several rounds, reportedly from a machinegun. While Shrestha received three bullets in the neck, chest and stomach, a villager too died after being hit by a stray bullet.

Two of the motorcycle-borne gunmen were caught by the villagers and beaten to death.

Shrestha's party, the largest opposition party in parliament, is demanding the resignation of Home Minister Krishna Prasad Sitaula for the government's inability to provide security even to sitting MPs.

Stung by the allegation, the government formed a three-member panel to investigate the murder and make recommendations on how to provide security to senior politicians and officials.

The panel, headed by the chief administrative officer of eastern Nepal, has been asked to submit its report in five days.

The MP's killing comes even as both the Maoists and the government have called a ceasefire.

Many political leaders from the terai plains are sympathetic to Goit and his rebel faction and say though the Maoists have nearly obtained their goal of being in the government, thanks to the overwhelming support from the terai people, they have abandoned the plains cause.

They have also asked the government to begin talks with Goit, fearing that if their grievances are not addressed immediately the Morcha might one day become as fearsome as the Maoists.

Copyright Indo-Asian News Service

CRPF goes cycling in Naxal territory

Sunday, September 24, 2006 09:50 IST

NEW DELHI: With armoured vehicles becoming sitting ducks for landmine attacks, Central Reserve Police Force personnel will now be seen patrolling on cycles and motorbikes in Naxalite-infested jungles and hamlets in states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

The paramilitary force, battling left wing insurgency in several states, has directed its company commanders to concentrate on patrolling on foot and with two-wheelers, a change of tactics in tune with the ground situation.

"Most roads in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are heavily mined. Two-wheelers can go deep into jungles and boost area domination. The personnel can even leave their vehicles behind if the need arises," an official said.

Heavy vehicles are easily targeted by the Maoist rebels and attacks on them usually inflict huge loss of life and property, a situation the force now wants to prevent.

The CRPF lost 29 personnel-- 13 in Jharkhand and six in Chhattisgarh -- so far this year in attacks by Maoists, compared to one death during the same period last year.

There were at least 25 landmine and IED blasts in Chhattisgarh this year alone.

The force had experimented with using two-wheelers for patrolling United Liberation Front of Asom-dominated areas of Lower Assam in 2001 and the tactic proved very successful, officers familiar with anti-insurgency operations said.

The introduction of two-wheelers, interestingly, is part of a modernisation drive under way in the two-lakh strong force, deployed in the northeast, Jammu and Kashmir and Naxal-affected states.

According to official figures, landmines are the second most used mode of attack by Naxalites after ambushes.

The CRPF has purchased 300 motorbikes and hundreds of cycles, besides 6,000 lightweight bullet-proof vests for operations in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand on the basis of requirements projected by company commanders.

It has decided to arm formations with GPS-enabled satellite phones and to use deep search mine detectors during combing operations. The force still uses Morse code for communication.

The new steps to counter the rebels were taken after a rise in Naxalite attacks and the recovery of huge quantities of IEDs and landmines in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh.

Significantly, attacks on CRPF posts and pickets have come down in the first eight months of this year.

As part of the modernisation and expansion plans, the force is recruiting 30,000 men, including around 5,000 from Jammu and Kashmir, for anti-insurgency operations across the country.

Of the 25,000 new recruits from across the country, 40 per cent will be drawn from disturbed districts as part of the government's efforts to provide jobs to unemployed youths in such areas to deter them from taking to extremist activities.

"Recruitment of youth from disturbed areas will help develop a sense of loyalty among the people there, besides raising their level of confidence in the system," an official overseeing the process said.

Spurt in landmine attacks by Naxals, CRPF goes cycling

NEW DELHI: With armoured vehicles becoming sitting ducks for landmine attacks, CRPF personnel will now be seen patrolling on cycles and motorbikes in Naxalite-infested jungles and hamlets in states like Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

The paramilitary force, battling left wing insurgency in several states, has directed its company commanders to concentrate on patrolling on foot and with two-wheelers, a change of tactics in tune with the ground situation.

"Most roads in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are heavily mined. Two-wheelers can go deep into jungles and boost area domination. The personnel can even leave their vehicles behind if the need arises," an official of the force said.

Heavy vehicles are easily targeted by the Maoist rebels and attacks on them usually inflict huge loss of life and property, a situation the force now wants to prevent at any cost.

The CRPF lost 29 personnel--13 in Jharkhand and six in Chhattisgarh--so far this year in attacks by Maoists, compared to just one death during the same period last year. There were at least 25 landmine and IED blasts in Chhattisgarh this year alone.

The force had experimented with using two-wheelers for patrolling ULFA-dominated areas of lower Assam in 2001 and the tactic proved very successful, officers familiar with anti-insurgency operations said.

The introduction of two-wheelers, interestingly, is part of a modernisation drive currently underway in the two-lakh strong force, deployed in the northeast, Jammu and Kashmir and Naxal-affected states.