Saturday, January 06, 2007

Sachar Committee : Fiction as statistics -- K P S Gill

Fiction as statistics

KPS Gill


India, as a nation, has long been hostage to inept analyses and pseudo-solutions to prevailing problems, and the Justice Rajinder Sachar Committee has become a significant case in point, where a selective focus on particular data, within the context of the author's personal predilections and prejudices, has become a substitute for a realistic and productive assessment. The result is that, while little that is new has been added to public understanding or knowledge - the broad trends Mr Sachar underlines are well known, and the details have largely been missed out by his report - his recommendations fall into a pattern that reflects particular and unfortunate political positions, rather than anything that could provide the framework for a radical resolution to the problems of the minorities in India. This is certainly the case with Mr Sachar's analysis of the management of communal violence and the dubious role of the police in communal situations.

Among Mr Sachar's well-intentioned proposals are the recommendations, first, that there should be greater equity in compensation for victims of India's many riots; and second, a very significant increase in representation of Muslims in India's Police Forces. On the face of it - and this is part of the problem - these recommendations appear impeccable. There is, no doubt, a transparent absurdity, in giving the families of victims or survivors of one riot just a few thousand rupees, and of another, several lakhs. The only saving grace in the prevailing incoherence of past practices is that they were non-discriminatory, and some of both the most generous and most miserly compensations have gone to the same minority community.

Since this is the community from which an overwhelming majority of victims are drawn in most riots, however, this apparent lack of discrimination gives no cause for satisfaction. Crucially, however, as the conduct of families and victims of communal violence increasingly suggest, the issue of compensation has little to do with the victims' sense of satisfaction that they have been treated fairly. This does not mean that an inequitable regime of compensations should be acceptable, but rather that greater equity in this regard would do little to address the larger issue of giving greater justice to the riot victims, their families and their community.

This then takes us to the second of Mr Sachar's 'solutions': Greater representation of Muslims in India's Police Forces. Once again, this is an admirable objective on grounds, purely, of equity. As an instrumentality for the better management of communal violence, however, the record would demonstrate how utterly misdirected it is. For one, where police forces have been backed by a political executive committed to communal harmony, they have been extraordinarily successful in preventing and containing communal violence irrespective of their composition, or even, in fact, their strength. This is dramatically illustrated by the trajectory of communal riots in Bihar and UP, which have India's poorest police population ratios - Bihar, with 57 Policemen to 1,00,000 population, and UP with 84, in 2005, as against a national average of 122 per 1,00,000 - and where Muslims remain under-represented in the police in terms of these States' religious demography.

Both Bihar and UP were, at one time, among the country's principal loci of communal rioting, with near-annual blood-letting, and some of the country's worst pogroms. Despite the very poor record of governance in both these States, however, the incidence of communal riots is now extremely low - the result of the peculiar political equations that have been established by the dominant political parties in these States, and of the marginalisation of the parties that have long played communal politics in India, some of them openly, and others in the garb of an opportunistic and insincere 'secularism'.

Other examples of States, which have established an enviable record in the management of communal relations and violence, despite very low, or lower than representative, presence of Muslims in their police forces, include Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Kerala. On the other hand, States with far better representation of Muslims in their forces, including Andhra Pradesh, where the proportion of Muslims in the police is greater than the proportion of Muslims in the population, Maharashtra and Gujarat, have been witness to significant and recurrent communal riots. It has been my personal experience, moreover, that Muslims make excellent police officers, but under particular political dispensations, they become utterly ineffective, confused and directionless, and can be as unsuccessful in administering the law as their non-Muslim colleagues.

India's Police Forces, under appropriate leaders and political direction, have been exemplary in their performance in situations of communal polarisation. Under poor police leadership and cynical political management, they have performed disgracefully. This is the case irrespective of police composition or of police capacities and strength. Indeed, some of the most demoralised and disgraced of police forces - forces that had been rejected, by pseudo-intellectual commentators whose thinking has much in common with Mr Sachar's, as being utterly compromised and communalised - have recovered and demonstrated the most exemplary courage, effectiveness and absence of bias under a new leadership.

This was dramatically the case in Punjab, where an overwhelmingly Sikh force, under criminally cynical and collusive politicians and a rudderless police leadership, was thought to be so utterly subverted that even the Central forces did not trust them. Yet, it was the same force, and the same Sikhs, who fought the Khalistani terrorists and defeated them in campaigns that have no parallel in India's history, and, indeed, few equals in the history of counter-terrorism anywhere in the world. Something similar is also happening in Jammu & Kashmir, where the State's police force - overwhelmingly Muslim - is playing an increasingly active and effective role against the Pakistan-backed Islamist terrorists operating there.

Correct assessments based on a realistic appraisal of facts and experiences are necessary if we are to really solve the problem of communal violence and polarisation in this country. Pseudo-solutions like those recommended by the Sachar Committee play to a particular gallery and fall into the trap of communal thinking. Worse, Mr Sachar's focus on compensations and composition seems to accept that riots cannot be stopped, that they are a permanent fixture on India's political and policing scenario. It is, however, my firm belief that the police under appropriate conditions can ensure an India entirely free from riots. The correct identification of these conditions is the first step towards creating this future. Till now, available analyses have failed comprehensively to attempt such identification.

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Naxalites threaten DSP Shirish Jain, Gadchiroli

Pradip Kumar Maitra

Nagpur, January 6, 2007

Naxalites with allegiance to CPI (Maoist), who have been involved in violent activities in the border district of Gadchiroli for over last two decades, now threatened the district superintendent of police, Shirish Jain with dire consequences.

The extremists have plastered the walls and pasted posters in different places in the district recently and cried for the head of Jain. While issuing a death threat against Jain, the Maoist rebels appealed to tribals of the district to punish the SP for 'killing innocent' tribals in fake encounters.

The wall painting and posters apparently planted on several government buildings and public places late on Thursday evening, were discovered on Friday morning. They accused the district police of arresting and torturing innocent poor tribals in the name of combing operation in the district.

Besides Jain, the posters also contained names of a couple of other senior police officials with warnings issued against them, if they did not stop harassing innocent tribals. The death threat was issued by Narmadakka, the new secretary of Gadchiroli division committee of CPI (Maoist).

SP Jain, however, denied any such accusation saying the police was not targeting villagers and were only performing their duties in an attempt to flush out rebels from the district.

Talking to Hindustan Times, Jain said that such threats were routine for them. "We regularly get such death threats from the extremists. I am also getting anonymous telephone threats virtually every day," he informed and said that it was a well designed tactic of Naxalites to demoralise the police force.

Jain, who was posted as the SP of tribal district in July 2004, was instrumental in gunning down of 30 Naxalites during his tenure. Moreover, several Maoists were arrested during the period. Besides, as many as 125 activists of CPI (Maoist), including some dalam commanders and deputy commanders surrendered before the district authorities.

The police also succeeded to gun down Shivanna, the secretary of Dandyakaranya Special Zonal Committee in an inter-state operation near Kanker, bordering Gadchiroli a few months back. These have led them to such desperation, Jain felt.

Meanwhile, district police officials alerted politicians and senior government officials to take extra care while going to interior areas in the district in view of the Naxalite threat.

Ministers and peoples' representatives were asked not to disclose the details of their routes but keep the police informed about their movement. VIPs were asked not to stay in villages during nights as there is a strong possibility to kidnap them.

Email Pradip Kumar Maitra:

India: The Militant Focus on High Tech

January 05, 2007 18 22 GMT

On Jan. 5, Indian police arrested a suspected militant near Jalahalli, a village just north of the important high-tech center of Bangalore. The arrest, the latest in a series of incidents connected to the high-tech industry, demonstrates the increasing militant focus on this vital sector of the Indian economy.

Acting on intelligence, Bangalore police arrested the suspect -- a male in his early 30s identified only as Imran (aka Bilal) -- as he traveled to Bangalore on a private bus from Hospet, a city in Bellary district, in Karnataka state, some 220 miles from Bangalore. Police also confiscated one assault rifle and 300 rounds of ammunition. More significantly, they recovered a satellite phone, SIM cards and a map of Bangalore with several locations reportedly marked out, including the airport, Wipro Technologies Ltd. and the complex operated by Infosys Technologies, the Bangalore-based global information technology (IT) services provider. Although Infosys denies it was a target, this is the second time since October 2006 that the company's name has come up in an incident involving a potential militant plot.

Bangalore police very doubtfully intercepted the suspect on his way to an attack. The suspect's possession of a satellite phone and multiple SIM cards indicates he was not acting alone, but rather was part of a larger, well-financed group. (Both the phone and the airtime to use it would have been costly). Furthermore, the satellite phone suggests the suspect was much more than a foot soldier, but most likely was an operational commander. Satellite phones are likely the preferred way for militants operating in India to communicate with commanders in the remote mountainous Kashmir region. The fact that the suspect was carrying several SIM cards suggests he was changing them frequently in order to ensure his calls would not be traced.

In recent years, militant organizations, including the Kashmiri separatist group Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Maoist Naxalites, have increasingly targeted India's high-tech sector. LeT militants, whose attacks against religious, government and other economic targets have failed either to cause significant economic harm or to elicit the desired response from the Indian government, could be broadening their target set to focus on the important high-tech industry. By striking this sector, the militants could force an exodus of multinational corporations from India, which would be devastating to the country's growing economy.

The arrest near Bangalore is just the latest incident in a series of hoaxes, arrests and attacks involving the high-tech sector:

March 2005: A raid against suspected Kashmiri militants uncovers evidence of a plot against IT companies in Bangalore.

October 2005: The U.S. State Department warns U.S. citizens in India of a possible threat of attacks against U.S. interests in New Delhi, Hyderabad, Mumbai and Kolkata.

December 2005: A gunman attacks a conference at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.

January 2006: Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh confirms that militants are targeting the country's IT industry.

March 2006: Police in Hyderabad increase security at business centers around the city in response to what authorities believe is a credible threat against customer service and support centers.

August 2006: Indian police arrest a suspect linked to the Mumbai commuter train bombing. He reportedly worked at the Oracle India facility in Mysore.

August 2006: Indian police step up security around IT centers in Bangalore after receiving intelligence about possible militant attacks.

October 2006: Militants are arrested after a shootout with police near the Infosys campus in Mysore.

Given the growing importance of India's high-tech sector, it makes sense that militant groups aiming to strike a blow against the government by damaging the economy would now be setting their sights on this large and vital industry. Should the cost of providing adequate security against potential attackers begin to outweigh the benefits of operating in India, multinationals could begin to lose interest in maintaining their operations there

Three naxals surrender in Gadchiroli

Nagpur, Jan 5. (PTI): Three naxalites, including two women, surrendered to the Gadchrioli district collector and police today.

The naxalites identified as Chhaya (24), Mohan (22) and Ranu (25), laid down their arms before the district collector Niranjan Kumar Sudhanshu and Superintendent of Police Shirish Jain.

The ultras belonged to Bhamragarh dalam (group) and were carrying 12 bore rifles, the police said.

As many as 126 naxalites so far have surrendered to the the surrender policy of the Maharashtra Government since last year.

Withdraw security to corrupt politicos: RSS

[ 6 Jan, 2007 1847hrs ISTINDIATIMES NEWS NETWORK ]

NEW DELHI: In the midst of much pro-Saddam sentiment, the RSS has struck out at "corrupt Indian politicians" describing them as "desi Saddam Husseins" and demanded that they be made accountable for the nation's woes now and not after 27 years, the way the Iraqi dictator was.

The Sangh is particularly irked that at time when incidents like the Noida killings are taking place and citizens are threatened and exposed, politicians get heavy security cover at public expense. An editorial in the weekly Panchjanya said the Nithari episode had exposed the police-politician nexus and hence all the security provided to politicians should be withdrawn. Let the political parties spend on private security arrangements or deposit the money spent on security in the government account, it suggested.

Security personnel, it said, were paid with public money and should first be responsible for protecting citizens, who faced the brunt of any "jihad assault or criminal attack". But ironically, after every such incident, it was the politicians who got enhanced security cover and not the citizen, who was the victim.

The editorial said jihadis had killed more than 60,000 people and Naxals too had killed tens of thousands. Yet, there was no security policy for the common citizen. The corrupt politician, it said, "who would not be noticed even by a crow, demands and gets a huge security cover and drives the busy city roads with sirens and gun-toting black cats."

The Sangh weekly said people when they saw such politicians, hated them and soon a day would come when none of the security arrangements would be able to help them. These "desi Saddams" will have to face the day of reckoning soon, it added.

Bihar fights Naxals, opens school

Cilk for Video

Om Prakash Singh and Prabhakar Kumar

Aurangabad/Patna: It's celebration time for policemen serving in the Naxal hit Aurangabad district of Bihar. They feel they have won a small but important battle against Naxal violence.

And this battle, they say, has not been won through guns but through the power of primary education.

The team walked 15 km into Lamurahi village – a Naxal stronghold in Aurangabad to set up this primary school that will be run by volunteers.

"Police and government need to take initiative. Or else other groups will try to draw attention of these kids. This is a counter action," said Police Inspector Som Prakash Singh.

This isn't really a state government initiative, but rather the brainchild of the local police station. Naxalism, police say can be countered effectively through literacy and awareness. And villagers are responding.

"Now as the police have opened a school in our village, I will surely send my child there," said Ram Suchit Singh, a villager.

Struggling to make ends meet, most villagers in the area can't afford to send their children to school, and the consequence was evident from the knowledge level of children of the area.

Ques: Kiss desh main rahte hai? (Which country do you belong to?)

Ans: Nahi malum. (Don’t know.)

Ques: Apke pradhanmantri ka kya naam hai? (Who is the PM of your country?)

Ans: Nahi pata hai. (No idea.)

The police feel that this school, the first school in the locality will help the children ‘know’ and counter the blazing guns.

15 killed in serial blasts in Assam


EXPLOSIVE ASSAM: File photo showing the site of Guwahati blast. Friday's blasts killed 15 people.
Guwahati: At least 15 people were killed and several wounded on Friday in a string of attacks by insurgents in Assam.

A police spokesman said there were at least six separate attacks and an explosion targeting the migrant workers in the eastern districts of Dibrugarh and Tinsukia.

"So far 15 people have been killed and at least seven wounded in separate attacks with suspected militants of the opening fire on groups of Hindi-speaking people. There has been one bomb explosion as well," a senior police official said.

Three attacks took place in the Tinsukia district and three more in the adjoining Dibrugarh district.

"Eight people were killed and three injured in Tinsukia district, most of them brick kiln workers and petty shopkeepers who were Hindi-speaking people," Tinsukia district magistrate Absar Hazarika told IANS over telephone.

"This is definitely the handiwork of the ULFA and we see the attacks as retaliation with security forces in the last week killing five militants capturing two more in separate raids."

Seven people were killed in Dibrugarh district in similar circumstances.

"Militants first struck at a place under the Joypur police station in Dibrugarh district killing four workers of a brick kiln and injuring four others," a police official said.

Three people were killed in a bomb explosion near a tea garden on the outskirts of Dibrugarh. "First information says the victims were Hindi speaking people," the official said.

Friday, January 05, 2007

Murderous Naxal sympathiser Gaddar alleges threat from police

Jan 3, 2007 - 4:24:44 PM
Gaddar, whose real name is Gummadi Vittal Rao, has been using folk art forms of singing for over three decades to depict the suffering of peasants, labourers and other weaker sections.

By IANS, [RxPG] Hyderabad, Jan 3 - Fearing threat to his life from police, revolutionary balladeer and Maoist sympathiser Gaddar has urged the Andhra Pradesh governor to provide him with security.

Gaddar said he was facing threat to his life from police for raising his voice against the killing of Maoist guerrillas by police in 'fake' gun battles and for supporting the movement for separate statehood to Telangana region.

In a letter to Governor Rameswar Thakur, Gaddar sought protection saying that he was an ambassador for peace and was singing for the cause of the poor and the oppressed.

Gaddar survived an assassination bid April 6, 1997 here. Two of the three bullets fired at him were removed while one was left untouched because of medical complications. The balladeer had blamed the police for the attack.

He received several threats in the last few years, Gaddar said. He alleged that the police were using surrendered Maoists to eliminate those fighting against 'police excesses'.

If there are any "Police excessess" that should be brought to the attention of authorities in a democratic way to be redressed . Fighting murderous naxal terrorisms is not “excesses” , it is part of maintain law and order in a democratic country . “Anti-People” , ”peoples democracy” have become outdated revolutionary buzz words , only poor innocent illiterate will get attracted , associating “people” with your murderous ideology and taxonomy is adulterous and licentious . People are with us and you are with Chinese and Pakistanis , in one word , enemies of India .

The “ambassador for peace “ should not take sides and “sing” and preach hate against law of the land and law enforcement officials . Poverty and social ills needs to be eliminated from the society and every one are commited to it, both “ poor and the oppressed” will benefit from education and economic upliftment . So support government’s efforts .

“ The Govt. has been pursuing a multi-pronged approach to
combat the naxal problem which, inter-alia, includes focused attention on
integrated socio-economic development in the naxal affected areas. Besides,
funds are provided under various Centrally Sponsored Schemes(CSS) to the States for socio-economic development. The Central Government has also sanctioned Rs. 2475 crores under the Backward Districts Initiative (BDI) component of the Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY) to fill in the critical gaps and physical infrastructure in the naxal affected districts. “

Gaddar, whose real name is Gummadi Vittal Rao, has been using folk art forms of singing for over three decades to depict the suffering of peasants, labourers and other weaker sections.

He had formed Praja Natya Mandali, which was seen as the cultural wing of then People's War Group. After emerging from self-imposed hiding for five years in 1990, he continued spreading revolutionary ideology through songs.

Manipur still in dark about LeT men held in Delhi

Express News Service

Imphal, January 4: Two weeks after the much-publicised arrest of three Lashkar-e-Toiba militants, allegedly of Manipur origin, in New Delhi, the Manipur police has not received any communication from the Delhi Police for a check of their antecedents or any further investigation.

Director General of Police A K Parashar told The Indian Express today that he was helpless, as there was nothing to go on. “It may sound strange, but no information has been shared with us as yet. In the absence of any kind of leads from the Delhi Police, we have no way of investigating the arrested militants. Finally, I have asked the IGP (Intelligence) to get in touch with the Delhi Police, but nothing has come in as of now,” Parashar said,

On December 19, Delhi Police had arrested three alleged LeT militants from a bus stand with two kg of explosives, two detonators and a hand grenade. Police said the three—identified as Salman Khurshid Kori (23), Abdur Rehman (24) and Mohammed Akbar Hussein—hailed from Manipur. This was the first time LeT operatives were linked to Manipur. The trio had allegedly come to Delhi with the intention of carrying out bomb blasts in the national Capital’s crowded market areas.

Of three arrested men, Kori was said to be the key figure. Interrogation had shown that he had been to Aligarh in 2001, where he came in contact with an LeT operative named Salim Salar. The latter then sent him to training camps in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. He returned in 2004 with the responsibility of recruiting Manipuri youth and sent three such recruits for training to Kashmir, Delhi Police had claimed.

However, the subsequent silence maintained by the Delhi Police has prompted some senior officers here to doubt the authenticity of the claim. Intelligence sources, too, said they doubted the arrested militants were from Manipur.

People’s United Liberation Front (PULF), Manipur’s most prominent Muslim militant outfit, has been into a Suspension-Of-Operations (SOO) agreement with the Indian Army since mid-2006.

Naxal couple operating in Chattisgarh surrendered in AP


KARIMNAGAR: A naxal couple belonging to CPI (Maoist) party, operating in Chattisgarh, surrendered before the district superintendent of police D H Chauhan on Thursday.

Speaking to media Mr Chauhan said D Gouri Shankar alias Prabhakar, Manvoor district committee secretary and his wife U Laxmi alias Shobha, a Dalam commander of the same district, surrendered because of ill health and family problems.

The government announced Rs five lakh reward on his head while it was Rs one lakh for Ms Laxmi. The amount would be given to the surrendered naxals.

Mr Shankar, born and brought up in Karimnagar district, went to Chattisgarh as a party leader, in 2004 along with his wife. He was underground for the last 16 years

Thursday, January 04, 2007

Nagpur arms seizure : Weapons manufactured in Pakistan

Cache opens can of worms

Anupam Dasgupta
Wednesday, January 03, 2007 23:59 IST

The arms seized in Nagpur may have been procured from either LTTE or Maoist rebels and were meant for Naxalites

MUMBAI: Intelligence sources said on Wednesday that the cache of carbines, rifles and ammunition seized in Nagpur on December 28 was meant for the indigenous Naxalite groups. They also said the cache may have been procured from the Maoist rebels in Nepal and The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka.

Sources in the security establishment told DNA that the weapons and the ammunition were found manufactured in the US and Pakistan. All weapons and bullets sported detail and the name of their manufacturing countries, a source said. They also said four persons had been arrested so far in connection with the incident.

But officials, however, did not want to comment on the “corridors” which might have been used to smuggle the weapons.“Secret channels might have been used for the shipment,” said a senior police officer, seeking anonymity. Maharashtra Director General of Police PS Pasricha told DNA on Wednesday, “The foreign-hand angle to the shipment of the arms consignment is being probed. Also the quantum of seizure is significant since it was essentially meant for the country’s extremist groups.”

Pasricha said a Hyderabad-based Naxalite commander was arrested on December 30 in connection with the seizure and that he could divulge the name of the arms-dealer responsible for the shipment.

Inspector General of Police (anti-Naxalite operations) Pankaj Gupta said, “We are probing if the seized consignment was ferried by any ultra outfit based in Nepal or Sri Lanka. Other factors, too, are being considered.” The Nepal Maoists had established formal links with the People’s War (PW) in June 2001 by forming the Coordination Committee of Maoist Parties and Organisations of South Asia. Commissioner of Police Nagpur SPS Yadav said, “We are exploring all angles, including the possible foreign-hand factor.”

Anatomy of a case

  1. This is the believed to be the largest cache of arms meant for Indian Naxalite groups that has been seized in 2006
  2. The private car carrying the consignment was spotted by an on-duty policeman, who then stopped the car for a routine check
  3. In the search, the police recovered the carbines and other ammunition from under the car seat.
  4. The police are yet to determine where the car was coming from and where it was headed.
  5. The Anti-Naxalite wing of the Mumbai police and the Nagpur Police are probing the incident

Nagpur police nab arms supplier in Hyderabad

Tuesday, 02 January , 2007, 11:41

The Nagpur police today claimed to have arrested a man involved in supplying arms and ammunition to Maoist outfits in the country from Hyderabad.
Addressing a press conference here this evening, Police Commissioner S P S Yadav said a team of officers and men from Nagpur police nabbed Ravikumar Chevuri (33) in Hyderabad yesterday.
Chevuri is suspected to be naxalite sympathiser and said to be a major supplier of arms and ammunition to Maoist outfits, Mr Yadav said.

The huge consignment of arms and ammunition seized by the police in Nagpur two days ago had been procured by Chevuri for some naxalite outfits, Mr Yadav told newsmen. Chevuri, who hails from Khammam district in Andhra Pradesh, had received an advance of Rs seven lakh for the purpose and was to receive another Rs 33 lakh after the actual delivery of the consignment, he said.

Mr Yadav said this was the first time that the Maharashtra police had arrested a supplier providing arms to naxalite groups. ''We are investigating further and delving into the system of supply of illegal arms in the country,'' the Police Commissioner said.

Chevuri and his wife had gone underground immediately after news broke out about the recovery of the cache of arms and ammunition from a car in Nagpur, Mr Yadav said. He had been brought to Nagpur and had been remanded to police custody till January 10, he said.

Chevuri's wife had also come to Nagpur, but had not been placed under arrest, he told newsmen. On December 28, the police had seized six weapons, 20 magazines and over 4,800 rounds of ammunition of various kinds concealed in cavity of the doors of a car, bearing Andhra Pradesh registration plates, and also arrested three persons in this connection here. The car had been intercepted by traffic policemen at 0030 hrs after it jumped a red light. The occupants were first booked for carrying two weapons 'of illegal bore,' but their evasive replies made the police suspicious, leading to a thorough search of the car and the seizure of the cache.

More Click

79 Maoist rebels surrender in Chhattisgarh

Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Jan 4 (ANI): At least 79 Maoists rebels belonging to various Naxal outfits surrendered before the police in Chhattisgarh.

Police officials said the rebels wanted to follow the path of non-violence and wanted to join the mainstream society.

"To follow the path of non-violence and getting back to their society, 79 Maoist men and women surrendered themselves. Our message to all those who have been roped in by the Maoists and are being misguided, should come back and whoever surrenders, justice will be done to them," said O.P. Rathore, Director General of Police.

Some of the surrendered rebels said they were disillusioned with their outfits.

"They used to treat us badly and they misguided us into their team. We did not get any support from them," said Johnny, a surrendered rebel.

Chhattisgarh is one of the worst-hit of 13 states affected by decades of violence where rebels claim to be fighting for poor and landless labourers.

More than 700 people have died and over 50,000 have been made homeless as a result of fighting between rebels and an anti-Maoist group Salwa Judum in the state since June 2005.

The Maoists operate in several states across India and have pitted their campaign against landlords and the state administration whom they accuse of exploiting the poor.

According to Home Ministry, 76 districts in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Maharashtra, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are 'badly affected by Maoist violence'. (ANI)

Karkala: Encounter of Naxals - Comrades Vouch to Take Revenge

Daijiworld News Network - Karkala (GA)

Karkala, Dec 4: While the Naxalite movement is gaining ground in the state, the administration is set on a mission to curb it right at the bud. The result has been bloody. A few Naxalites have been killed in encounter while some of the police personnel to have laid down their lives. But the solution to this ever-increasing problems seems not be arriving soon. The recent death of Naxal Dinakar in an encounter has once again resulted in hyper activities in both the camps.

A recent press note signed by one Gangadhar on behalf of Maoists Naxal Committee is a clear indication that the Naxalites are not budging. They still believe that bullet is stronger than ballet. The press note said that the Naxals would avenge the death of their comrades. "The police have behaved worse than animals by firing at the group which was holding a meeting in the deep forest area. They could have surrounded the group and arrested the comrades. Instead they resorted to firing in the name of encounter. The police who were involved in this heinous crime and the government led by chief minister H D Kumaraswamy which supported this would pay dearly for this," the press release stated.

The press release further stated that Dinakar was a true revolutionary who fought for peace and justice. But the government killed him terming him to be an anti-social element. "However, these setbacks would not deter us and our motives. Instead these will make us still strong and more determined in our fight against the stagnated system," stated the release.

Wednesday, January 03, 2007

Letter Head Organisations, Rentier Activist and fake Journalists

We learned from sources that Karnataka has many paid activists , we say ISI agents . There are many fake letter head organizations and rentier activists who pose themselves as Journalists and activists for citizens rights . The fact of the matter is they are financed and propped up by foreign Intelligence to put a break on progress and destablise the country . Though this looks like a james Bond thriller to an average reader, this is part of any Intelligence work . In karnataka there are many organizations who are at the beck and call of Pakistani ISI agents . ISI is covertly helping Naxalism and Pro Naxal groups to demonise our law enforcement agencies under the grab of Human Rights and civil rights .

Readers of Naxal watch are familiar about Ms.Gowri/Gouri Lankesh ( Lankesh Patrike) as Pro-Naxal , we learned from many sources that she has anti-india agenda in her mind and with covert support from abroad . This blog exposed many letter head organizations and individuals .

Karnataka Komu Sowharda Vedike
Karnataka Manavata Vedike
Karnataka Janapara Vedike
Udupi Nagarika Vedike
Manava Hakkugala Okkoota
Kanaka Gopura Samrakshana Samithi
Alpasankyatara Okoota
Manava Dharma Janajagruthi Vedike
Terigedarara Vedike
Udupi Jillaspatre Vedike
Telephone booth operators association
Karnataka Vimochana Ranga (said to be a front organisation of Naxalites)
Pragatipara Patrakartara Vedike
Udupi Press Club

Organisation dedicated to bashing police now takes the cause of fake journalists and beg police to act on false complaint!

It is no secret that some of the exposes we have done here in this blog about fake journalists, rental activists, letterhead organisation has ruffled many feathers.

So it is not a surprise to see yet another letterhead organisation, this time called “Karnataka Janapara Vedike” took up the cause of Udupi pervert fake journalists Umesh Marpally and Sijith. Only Vijaya Karnataka Mangalore Edition under pressure from its Udupi reporters and stringers (whom we had exposed during “Gani Kappa episode” - click here to read that report), published the statement from letterhead fake organisation Karnataka Japapara Vedike.

So we researched further into who and what this “Karnataka Janapara Vedike” is. What we found is not really surprising - it is just another NGO funded by foreign petro dollars (and Chinese Yuan - considering one of its main supporters was caught meeting Chinese Embassy officer) which actively and openly supports Naxals who kill innocent villagers.strong>

People behind this organisation are the usual suspects - likes of fake activists and journalist Srirama Diwana (whose corrupt activities we have extensively exposed in this blog - click here, here and here to read corrupt rental activist journalist Srirama Diwana)

What is extremely funny though is Karnataka Janapara Vedike whose members have made career out of criticising and pressurising police department and officials are now begging Karnataka Police chief to act on false complaints filed by pervert journalists Umesh Marpally and Sijith against medical community of Manipal.

Let us see some samples of how Karnataka Janapara Vedike consistently attacks and demoralises police force:

So isn’t it funny the same association which attacks police on daily basis now beg the same police to act on false complaint.

This also begs a question - does an association like Karnataka Janapara Vedike which is funded by foreign and petro dollars and attacks police forces on daily basis has moral authority to go to the same police chief asking him to act on an obviously false complaint filed by fake journalists Umesh Marpally and Sijith?

Or does “Jana para” really mean “Dhana para” considering how Karnataka Janapara Vedike activists collected lakhs of rupees from land lords, business owners in Udupi in the name of opposing development projects?

Whatever it is, we are yet again exposing the hallowness and moral bankruptcy of corrupt Udupi journalists who when exposed go and rent such letterhead organisations like “Karnataka Janapara Vedike” to fight their cause like cowards.

It is indeed pathetic that some corrupt journalists of Udupi are still begging all and sundry politicians officials to listen to their fake allegations against medical community - when in truth it was the fake journalists themselves who were the perpetrators of crime in hospital when they photographed naked patients in Emergency Room.

Kalinga Nagar :Red pledge on firing anniversary

Red pledge on firing anniversary

Family members remember the victims of the 2006 police firing. Pix: Sanjib Mukherjee

Kalinga Nagar (Jajpur), Jan. 2: The battle against displacement donned a “red” look in Kalinga Nagar today, exactly a year after 13 tribals were killed in police firing during an anti-industry protest.

Holding red flags and shouting lal salaam, more than 5,000 delegates from Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh and Bengal — representing groups such as the CPI(ML), All India Kisan Mazdoor Sabha and front organisations of the Naxalites — participated in a rally from the “martyrs’ column” in Champakoila village to the veerbhumi in Ambagadia, where the 13 firing victims had been cremated.

The column was built joining 13 pieces of laterite stone symbolising the 13 victims — Sudam Barla, Bana Badra, Govind Laguri, Rama Jamuda, Ati Jamuda, Ranglal Munduya, Bhagaban Soy, Landu Jarika, Shyama Gagrai, Rama Gagrai, Diyugi Tiria, Janga Jarika and Mukta Bankira.

Police had opened fire on this day last year when the villagers were protesting against construction of a boundary wall around land marked for a Tata Steel plant. Thirteen villagers and one policemen were killed in the clash.

Slogans such as “Kalinga Nagar martyrs lal salaam”, “kisanoke zamin videshioko dena bandh karo” and “Manmohan, Naveen hosh mein aao” filled the air even as the tribals paid homage to their beloved.

Pradip Singh Thakur, a CPI-ML (New Democracy) leader from Bengal, said: “We have come here to express solidarity with the people of Kalinga Nagar, who have been successfully fighting against displacement.”
About 25 platoons of armed police were deployed to maintain law and order but they were seen sitting inside the local police station when the rally was taken out.

IG (law and order) B.B. Mishra said the situation was under control and the police had been instructed to exercise restraint.

After reaching the veerbhumi, the rallyists paid tribute to the victims. Earlier in the day, the family members and relatives of the firing victims offered flowers and oil in a ritual called diridulsunum.

The rally ended with a meeting in which a joint declaration was adopted pledging support to the agitation in Kalinga Nagar.

NAXALITES hijacked the Kalinga Nagar tribal movement

Wednesday January 3 2007 11:10 IST

KALINGA NAGAR: Left Wing radicals have virtually hijacked the Kalinga Nagar tribal movement.

The observance of the first anniversary of the police firing on Tuesday provided ample proof that one year down the line the radicals have established supremacy over Kalinga Nagar region.

As everyone, including the administration, waited with trepidation on how the locals would conduct the anniversary, the Naxals clearly took the centre stage.

But to the administration’s discomfiture, the entire show was openly run by the radicals, their sympathisers, frontal organisations and supporters. The local populace was reduced to mere spectators.

The Government could have used the occasion to try and assuage the feelings of the tribals and bring in a reconciliation. But well aware of the ground reality and in fear of reprisal, the leaders of the ruling BJD-BJP preferred to stay away.

And those from the Opposition who sought to cash in on the occasion were clearly shown that they were not welcome.

As the Reds ran the show castigating the BJD-BJP Government, they did not spare the Congress either, which has been lending support to them.

Congress leader and former MLA of Sukinda Sarat Rout, who was present there to express solidarity with the tribals, left the spot immediately after the movement leaders lashed out at the UPA Government, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and Sonia Gandhi.

A tribal outfit, the Bisthapan Virodhi Jan Manch, which is spearheading the agitation and the year-long blockade of the Daitari-Paradip Express Highway, saw no wrong in influx of Naxals into the area.

‘We will welcome whosoever came ahead to support us. It does not matter if he is a Naxal or not’, said Manch convenor-cum-secretary Rabindra Jarika.

However, the participation of the locals was curiously minimum with their number barely crossing a thousand. An overwhelming 80 percent of the around 15,000 congregation comprised outsiders drawn from Jharkhand, Bihar, Chhattishgarh, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal.

Early on Tuesday morning, though the local tribals conducted their customary rituals for the dead at Veerbhumi - the place near Ambagadia where the victims were cremated.

They also performed rituals at Champakoila, spot of the clash with police. As many as 500 kith and kin of the victims were tonsured as per customs. Thirteen pillars were erected at the spot in memory of the dead.

But as the public meeting commenced, the presence of locals dimmed.

There was not a single representative of the victims on the dais, which was occupied by leaders of CPML, All India Kisan Mazdoor Sabha and outfits of the like. Raising slogans at the Centre and State Governments, they exhorted people not to allow setting up of any industry on their land.

The administration, however, have put up a brave face. ‘The low turnout of locals shows that support for the movement is diminishing’, observed SP Asit Panigrahi.

Terrorism in India - An Uneven Status

January 03, 2007
Rahul Bhonsle

A report by the Union Home Ministry presented in the Parliament indicated that there has been a decline in the level of violence in Jammu and Kashmir and the situation in the North East had also improved. The conditions in Naxal affected areas have however deteriorated though the number of incidents has gone down during the Year. with a greater focus on human security has analysed the trend based on the number of civilian casualties in militancy affected areas. Given this parameter, the data denotes greater number of civilians killed in Naxal violence in the country at 467 as opposed to 240 in Kashmir during the year. The deaths of civilians in the North East were just two less than Kashmir at 238, thereby indicating a virtual parity between the two disturbed areas. This perhaps places Kashmir second in the order of security threats after Naxalism purely based on civilian casualties.

There was apparent dichotomy in the figures as given by the Defence Minister in a written reply in the Parliament during the same session which indicated that 180 army personnel including 12 officers had been killed till 5 December 2006 in counter insurgency operations. There is a wide variation of 49 personnel killed even if we take that all security forces personnel killed in the Valley during year were from the Army which is not correct. On the other hand one interpretation could be that 50 army personnel were killed from the period from 31 October to 5 December which again appears to be unlikely.

Apprehension of Terrorists in Delhi

The Delhi police arrested two Lashkar e Taiyyaba terrorists near Palam, Delhi with explosives. Gulzar Ganai and Mohammed Amin Hazam from Kashmir were accused of planning terror strikes. This was followed up on the last day of the year with the arrest of two terrorists planning to plant bombs on New Years Eve in the Paharganj area. The two individuals, Samiullah and Ali Mohammad were apprehended outside the New Delhi Railway station while proceeding to place the explosives concealed in toys. The individuals are said to have planned to carry out this operation in the 45 minutes halt of the Andaman Express from Jammu to Chennai at New Delhi. (Hindustan Times Report, 01 January 2007). These have been a few of the many apprehensions made by the police in and around the national capital. How far this has made the life of the people safer in the Capital is however a moot question.

A disturbing trend noticed during the month was the apprehension of three youth from Manipur who were in possession of two kgs of RDX, hand grenades and detonators from the Red Fort area of New Delhi. These were said to be Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) terrorists who were having links with groups in Manipur. The apprehensions in turn were the outcome of interrogation of terrorists trained in Bangladesh who had been held in October 2006 in Delhi. These personnel are said to have links with terrorists in Manipur and had been in Bangladesh which was attempting to establish links with the Islamist outfit of Manipur, People's United Liberation Front ( PULF). Security Trends had indicated in its November issue of reports of Islamisation of the militancy in the North East with greater links with Bangladeshi outfits and also intervention of the DGFI and the ISI.

Institutional Measures

Large scale money laundering and hawala transactions were proposed to be checked by the Prevention of Money Laundering Act in India. The effectiveness of this Act will however be determined by the number of people apprehended and cases registered by the Enforcement Directorate which is the sole agency which can charge people. Thus so far it is said that only a dozen cases have been registered under this Act. The Mumbai police also reported its inability to register cases on some of the accused in the 7/11 Mumbai blasts case despite the provision in Section 4 of the Maharashtra Control of Organized Crime Act (MCOCA) due to requirement of detailed evidence. This is not possible in the case of money laundering which operates through a hawala network which leaves a limited trail. This was perhaps the background of greater teeth to laws for combating terrorism demanded by the Chief of the Intelligence Bureau recently.

The Government is said to have established a Multi Agency centre and a joint task force on intelligence to facilitate horizontal and vertical coordination amongst the central intelligence agencies and also between the Central and state intelligence agencies. The special branch of police is also being strengthened to increase its capability for collection and sharing of local intelligence to prevent terrorist and anti national activities. A preemptive action to burst terrorist networks has also been taken which has resulted in 246 Pak backed modules being busted during the period from 2001 to 30 September 2006.

Emphasis was also said to be on improving metropolitan policing in the cities of Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Mumbai and Kolkata during the year 2005-06. This was said to be a part of the plan for Modernization of State Police Forces. These were said to have been allotted Rs 22 Crore during the year with an increase to Rs 86 Crore during the year 2007-08. The funds were to be utilized for improving surveillance, crime investigation, traffic management, critical infrastructure including control rooms, digital radio trunking, communication system and PCR van networks.

Threat Analysis

Police investigations into blasts on 8 September in Malegoan have clearly indicated that the aim of the accused was to create communal disharmony and trigger riots. This has been the main aim of the terrorists operating in the Indian hinterland over the years. Having failed a number of times earlier, the design this time may be to target a popular political leader as Sonia Gandhi or Atal Bihari Vajpayee to invite wide spread retribution by the masses. This was perhaps the background of the alert sounded for a possible attempt on the life of Mrs Sonia Gandhi during the month. A review of the threat based on such a premise may be necessary for the consequences of such an attack would be extremely grave, affecting communal harmony within the country as well as Indo Pakistan relations. Given this proposition, this will be all the more attractive for the terrorists given that post 7/11 and Malegaon strikes they have lost their sting in India.

Rahul K Bhonsle is a veteran soldier and security analyst based in South Asia, specializing in strategic risk prediction, future warfare and human security. His web site is and can be contacted at

Naxal-wary tribals get no respite from loan burden

S. Karimuddin
Jagdalpur, January 2, 2007

TRIBALS IN south Bastar, fighting Naxalite menace and living in relief camps, are facing one more problem — burden of loans taken from banks under government schemes..

Bank estimates show unpaid loans of nearly Rs 200 crore against the tribals. But the tribals are helpless. Due to Naxalite threat they are unable to return to their villages and take up agriculture or any other occupation. They are living like refugees in Salwa Judum (campaign against Naxalites) camps, and are not in a position to earn a livelihood for the past five years.

In such a situation it is almost impossible for banks to recover dues from tribals. Senior Cogress leader and former MP M.R. Sodhi says that more than five lakh tribals live in south Bastar and most of them have joined the Salwa Judum campaign following Naxalite threats.

“They have been forced to leave their native villages and take shelter at relief camps; as their financial position is precarious, they have not been able to repay their loans and the burden is rising every day,” says Sodhi.

He says the state government should write off the loans as tribals had suffered drought earlier. Congress MLA of Bijapur Rajendra Pambhoi says thousands of tribals of nearly 600 villages have been forced to leave their villages fearing for their lives.

Minor forest produce was their major source of income which can be estimated at Rs 500 crore per year. They have lost this income after they lived in relief camps. In such circumstances, it is impossible for the tribals to clear their dues to banks, Pambhoi says, pleading that the Chhattisgarh Government consider their predicament sympathetically and take steps to write off the loans.

According to statistics available from banks in south Bastar, a sum of Rs 185 crore has been distributed among tribals under long-, medium- and short term loans granted under Swarna Jayanti Rojgar, Antah-Vyavasayi and other schemes. The interest on these loans have gone up to Rs 15 crore.

At a recent consultative committee meeting of the banks, it was disclosed that the State Bank of India disbursed a loan of Rs 13,777.84 lakh, UCO bank Rs 1134.51 lakh, rural banks Rs 1742.89 lakh, District Cooperative Bank Rs 1103.30 lakh and L D Bank Rs 816.82 lakh. The banks have urged tehsildars to initiate recovery of dues.

Recovery proceedings are on, Collector K R Pisda said, adding barring Konta and Usoor blocks, crop position is satisfactory elsewhere

The enemy lies within, Congress MP Abhishek Singhvi

The enemy lies within

candid corner | Abhishek Singhvi

January 2, 2007

Internal Security is a phrase in our political and social lexicon that is much used, abused and misunderstood. When heinous murders occur in broad daylight on the streets of Ghaziabad or Dhanbad, when a feeling of lawlessness pervades large parts of Uttar Pradesh (the ghastly murders in Noida are the most recent and most macabre examples), we rightly feel outraged. But, we tend to forget that these are essentially law and order problems. Even public disorder on a large scale does not qualify as an internal security problem. What, then, are the boundaries of this nebulous concept of internal security?

Since the time India adopted a federal structure, our Constitution distributes legislative (and executive) powers over three lists — one list each for the Centre and state governments, and the third for both, normally subject to supremacy of central over state legislation. External security and defence fall exclusively under central competence while law and order, and public order, fall exclusively under state jurisdiction. Internal security, somewhat curiously, is not mentioned in any of the three lists — indeed, it is not used anywhere in the Constitution at all except for a reference to “internal disturbance” in Article 355, which provides for special central intervention in states in extraordinary situations.

Internal security is thus a hybrid, nowhere specifically mentioned, and yet, straddling all the three lists. In this backdrop, a good working description of internal security would include the situation in Jammu and Kashmir, the North-east, the Naxal issue and its territorial contours. Internal security would also necessarily subsume the entire gamut of the three ‘I’s — infiltration, interception and information gathering.

Researching a recent debate in the Upper House, I discovered to my pleasant surprise, that facts and figures did not
reflect as dismal a position on internal security as is usually portrayed and that India has a lot to feel satisfied about, without, of course, letting our guard down for even a moment. I also realised that much of the ‘feel bad’ factor and knee-jerk reactions against the Home Ministry arise from a common perception that links law and order and public order with that department, though it has nothing whatsoever to do with it (except for in Delhi).

Statistics, analysed over a period and from different angles, rarely lie. The figures from J&K reflect a dramatic improvement in the internal security position. The number of terrorist incidents has dropped from 2,565 in 2004 to 1,442 till October 2006. Security forces killed over the same period dropped from 281 to 131. Civilian killings decreased by half, from 707 to 340. The number of terrorists killed also declined from 976 to 516. This was accompanied by significant development initiatives. The Prime Minister announced a comprehensive reconstruction plan in November 2004, allocating Rs 24,000 crore for several designated activities like road and bridge building, construction of housing, schools, power plants, infrastructure maintenance and so on. Working groups are in place to to delineate schemes to improve relations across the LoC, for the development of J&K and for improvement in J&K-Centre relations. Meanwhile, the other two regions, Jammu and Ladakh, largely remain peaceful.

The North-east analysis is revealing. In Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura, terrorist activity appears to be on a steady decline. In Nagaland, the killings continue but the majority are internecine. Assam reflects fluctuating figures — but although there remains cause for concern, the number of incidents outweigh deaths.

The Naxalite issue reflects a dramatic improvement in almost every affected state, barring Chhattisgarh. It is the latter which spoils the average, accounting for over 49 per cent of all incidents and 59 per cent of total casualties. In Andhra Pradesh, the improvement is considerable — over one-third in number of incidents. Jharkhand, Bihar and Orissa have also improved, though nowhere as dramatically as AP. A comprehensive carrot and stick policy is underway and informed sources predict a further remarkable decline in 2007. The so-called Naxalite corridor from Nepal to Tamil Nadu is an exaggeration. A simple but telling example illustrates this. The present method of counting requires one to designate as Naxalite-affected the entire district, even if only one village suffers Naxal trouble. The result is that whole districts and, therefore, entire states are designated as Naxal states, presenting a skewed picture.

The correct method would be to mark out and highlight the police stations most vulnerable to Naxal activity — the result is likely to be a pleasant set of dots and not swathes of Naxal-controlled territory.

Abhishek Singhvi is MP, Congress National Spokesperson and Senior Advocate

Email Abhishek Singhvi:

Left Wing Extremism in India

January 01, 2007
Rahul Bhonsle

The first week of the December was marked by casualties in Naxal affected areas crossing those in the Kashmir Valley, essentially due to the killing of 14 police personnel in Jharkhand. A total of 21 deaths were reported in Naxal affected areas comparatively Valley witnessed 9 casualties and the North East 11. (

An increase in Naxal activities in Jharkhand has been evident with the killing of 14 police personnel in a land mine blast at Kanchkir in Bokaro district while a police party was returning from a routine patrol. An analysis of the incident would reveal that it was a deliberate, well planned ambush by the Naxalites. Thus the first vehicle was allowed to pass by and the charge activated on the second vehicle killing 16 personnel. The negligence by the police party in violating standard operating procedures (SOP) by adopting a non tarred patch also contributed to the accident.

A need to review the vehicle mounting and load drills of the police in Naxal affected areas is also required. Provision of mine protected vehicles is another important measure which needs consideration. In addition restricting the number of personnel in a vehicle at one time should be ensured.

A few days later, the Maoists hijacked a train on the West Bengal - Jharkhand route and later abandoned it, taking away two rifles and walkie talkie sets. The group apparently comprised of 20 - 25 Maoists and held up the train in broad daylight taking advantage of the cover of the forested area. The total tally of killings in the state up to 31 October 2006 are said to be 28 police, 71 civilians and 18 extremists in 239 incidents. The domination of the terrorists in Jharkhand is evident with the ratio of killing of police and the extremists at an adverse 28:18 or 10: 6.

Jharkhand with a weak state administration over the past few years in Ranchi has seen two major incidents during the month. The entire state except the North Eastern tip is said to be in the grip of Naxal violence. The Naxalites have penetrated the state at various levels affecting tourism as well as normal life in many districts of the state. There are also reports of the Maoists torching construction equipment and disrupting development activities in various parts.

The state government is also reported to have been slow in modernizing the police force as is evident from the non utilization of funds for the purpose. The vacancies in the state police are said to be as high as 29 percent and the deployment of the police at present is also ineffective. The state government is reported to have sought 11 additional India Reserve Battalions during the meeting of the Chief Minister with the Home Minister on 8 December but was asked to deploy the existing units more effectively. (Jha, Vinod, Indian Express. 27 December 2006).

The state is also lacking in development again evident through lack of full utilization of funds. Thus of Rs 650 Crore allotted so far, Rs 240 Crore were reported to be unutilized. The utilization of the funds under the police modernization scheme is also said to be at 7.33 % of the Rs 22.23 Crore released to the state as per an Economic Times Report. (21 December 2006).

Naxal activities in other affected areas also gathered momentum. A major haul of arms and ammunition was reported in a spot check in Nagpur. The consignment was being transported to Andhra Pradesh and highlighted the continued inter state nexus of the Naxals. In Andhra Pradesh a number of Naxal strikes were reported. A Naxalite was also killed in Chikmagalur, Karnataka in a shoot out between the anti Naxal force of the police and a group of Maoists. A similar encounter in Orissa saw the killing of two Maoists in the area of Tandimetla forest neat Malkangiri. In West Bengal two Maoists and a CRPF constable were killed in an encounter in Bankura. Increased activity of Maoists has been reported in Bankura, West Midnapore and Purulia districts of West Bengal. There was increased activity in Chattisgarh which has seen maximum violence during the year with targeting of a police party by the Naxals in Bastar and other incidents during the month. The Sulwa Judum camps are also gaining notoriety for their role in sexual exploitation and other atrocities on women reportedly by the security forces guarding these camps as per investigations by National Commission on Women.

The massacre of a family in Khairlanji near Nagpur in Maharashtra and the protests over allotment of agricultural land in Singur West Bengal have also raised fears of Maoists exploiting social discrimination faced by Dalits, minorities and marginal farmers to take up their issues through civil agitation. A Report in the Indian Express indicated that Maoists were contemplating involving Dalits which form 17.5 percent of the population of India in the Naxalite movement. (Indian Express, 18 December). This would greatly increase the scope of the Maoist agitation and extend its reach into urban areas making it much more difficult to combat and leading to high levels of terrorist violence.

A meeting was held by the Home Secretary key police and state government officials of all Naxal affected states in Bhubaneshwar on 27 and 28 December to coordinate the anti Naxal efforts including planning and development works. A key measure suggested by the Governor of Chattisgarh. Lt Gen (Retd) K S Seth is to ensure that officials posted to the Naxal affected areas have a sufficiently long tenure to enable them to deliver results. This will enable them to contribute to development on a sustained basis. These recommendations came in the light of the move by the State government to give out of turn promotion to people willing to serve in Naxal affected areas. (Indian Express Report, 14 December).

Rahul K Bhonsle is a veteran soldier and security analyst based in South Asia, specializing in strategic risk prediction, future warfare and human security. His web site is and can be contacted at

Tuesday, January 02, 2007

What is Salva Judum ?

"Salva Judum is a voluntary and peaceful initiative by local people that began in June, 2005 in Bastar region of Chhattisgarh as a spontaneous expression of pent-up anti-naxalite sentiments against the naxal violence and activities. So far, Salva Judum activists have held more than 150 anti-naxalite rallies. CPI (Maoist) has taken Salva Judum as a big setback to their movement and stepped up its violence "



ANSWERED ON 06.12.2006

(a) SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR : whether it is a fact that Bangalore city has only 257 Firemen for over 70 lakh people; if so, what specific steps Government have taken to ensure that all State Governments are better prepared for the consequences of terrorist action; and

SHRI S. REGUPATHY : As per information received from the State Government, Bangalore city has 12 fire stations, 4 fire protection squads and three special units with a sanctioned manpower of 710 persons. State Governments have been advised to set up Search and Rescue units as Medical First Responder (MFR) and Collapsed Structure Search and Rescue (CSSR) Teams for handling consequences of disasters including terrorism related emergencies. Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) for Radiological, Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (RNBC) emergencies have been formulated, which require the State Governments to initiate preparedness measures after preparing individual SOPs.

(b) SHRI RAJEEV CHANDRASEKHAR : whether the Government are conducting any training and skill upgradation programmes for the State Government personnel, SHRI S. REGUPATHY : To ensure better response to acts of terrorism; if so, the details thereof?

State Governments have been advised to the identify trainees to be trained by Master Trainers of Central Para Military Forces (CPMFs). The trainees so trained in the States would further train the personnel of State Governments. Financial assistance, training support and technical guidance is also extended to States for building up their capacity for disaster management including terrorism related exigencies.


Source: Rajya Sabha

Arms supplier to Naxals arrested

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Nagpur, Jan 2: An alleged arms supplier to Naxalites was arrested from Cyberabad near Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh, a senior police official said.

Ravi Kumar Chevori (33) had entered into a deal with the outlawed Maoists group to supply arms and ammunition worth Rs 40 lakh, which the city police seized on December 28 and arrested three persons, police Commissioner S P S Yadav told reporters last night.

During interrogation, the three accused revealed the name of Chevori, Yadav said, adding police teams were then despatched to Hyderabad to nab him. He had taken an advance of Rs 7 lakh from Maoists group against supply of ammunition worth Rs 40 lakh.

Chevori was remanded to police custody till January 10. The matter is still under investigation and a possibility of Pakistani link is also being probed, Yadav added. (Agencies)

Door open for talks with naxals:YSR

Special Correspondent

The condition of laying down arms stays; shoot orders denied

HYDERABAD: Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy has said that the door for talks with naxalites is open even now, subject to condition that they lay down arms.

He has denied a charge that the Government has issued orders to the police to shoot naxalites at sight. "All steps taken by the police are within the law. No illegal activity is allowed. No shoot-at-sight orders are in force," Dr. Reddy emphasised at an informal chat with reporters on Monday.

The Chief Minister indicated that the two-pronged strategy to tackle naxalite problem--development of remote areas and police action--would continue.

He expressed unhappiness at occupation of Government lands at Visakhapatnam by CPI (M), and stated "if anybody can occupy whatever land is available, why should there be a Government?" He said steps had been taken to provide houses to the poor, citing construction of a record number of 20 lakh houses this year under Indiramma, apart from incurring an expenditure of Rs. 500 crores on providing sites.

The Chief Minister presented a progress report on his performance during two and a half years, describing it as "steady". If determined, one can do any "big thing", he observed, referring to the "swift execution" of irrigation projects. Asked whether he was able to meet the target, he shot back: "You should tell. Things happen as planned. No deviation nor bitter experience." Execution of the Polavaram and Pulichintala projects, however, was delayed by eight months following specific problems.

"We will go ahead" with Polavaram shortly after finalising compensation to Orissa and Chattisgarh in the form of cash or flood-banks to prevent submersion. Tenders for the Indira Sagar and Rajiv Sagar, both based on the Polavaram backwaters, would be called in February, he said.

Cabinet expansion

The Chief Minister did not reply to a query whether the long-awaited Cabinet expansion was imminent. He said: "Let us see". On the complaint that he had falsely declared assets to the Election Commission, Dr. Reddy said: "Every action of mine is open and transparent."

Asked to react on the Margadarsi Financiers' contention that the Government had no power to appoint an official on its affairs, he said: "Let court decide the matter."

He termed as "imaginary" a question whether there would be a Chief Minister for coastal districts in the light of separatist agitations in different regions.

Monday, January 01, 2007

Naxalism must be dealt with a multi-pronged strategy : DGP Basith

`No change in strategy on Maoists'

Special Correspondent
Naxalism must be dealt with a multi-pronged strategy, says new DGP

HYDERABAD: The new Director-General of Police, M. A. Basith, has made it clear that there would be no change in the strategy on containing the challenge posed by CPI (Maoist) as it had worked well so far.

"The strategy worked well. Why should I change? Tell me, what is wrong with it," he asked media personnel while fielding questions on naxalism immediately after assuming charge as the DGP on Sunday.

Mr. Basith said like all other social problems, naxalism was required to be dealt with a multi-pronged strategy. It could not be left to the police totally. Of course, police took steps to check the problem from the law and order point of view. But, the Government also played its part well by weaning away youth from the menace.

`Healthy trend'

To a question on increasing complaints against police officers, he said it was a healthy trend as it showed that the fora provided to public for redressal of their grievances were functioning effectively. "Obviously, there is something wrong with the system if there are no complaints against them."

In any case, agencies such as the Anti-Corruption Bureau, Lok Ayukta and the State Human Rights Commission that were available to public to lodge complaints against officers found very few of them guilty after inquiry, he added.

Asked to spell out his roadmap for the ten months that he would hold office, Mr. Basith said he would strive to continue the good work done to check naxalism and fundamentalism.

Earlier, taking over from his predecessor, Swaranjit Sen, at the State police headquarters around noon, Mr. Basith said it was a proud moment for any professional police officer to assume the reins of the head of the department. He promised a people-friendly police.

Parade reviewed

Mr. Sen reviewed a farewell parade at the Central Police Lines, Amberpet, in the morning. He warned that the administration would be accountable to people if the grip on naxalites achieved under his leadership was relaxed. He said the anti-naxalite operations in the last two years that he served as DGP had proved that there was nothing that the police could not overcome.

Three Janasakthi Naxals killed in encounter

Monday January 1 2007 11:32 IST

BHADRACHALAM: Three suspected CPI (ML) Janasakthi activists died in an encounter with police in the forest area of Paritalalanka in Kukkunuru mandal in Burgampahad division in Khammam district on Sunday morning. The victims are yet to be identified.

The police seized two .303 rifles, one springfield rifle and two DBBL guns from the place of encounter. A red alert has been sounded in the area as some Naxals escaped into the forest. All the police stations are on high alert to trace the Naxals who disappeared into the forest.

The incident occurred when a special police party was combing the area.

Naxal policy holds good: new AP DGP

[ 1 Jan, 2007 0203hrs ISTTIMES NEWS NETWORK ]

HYDERABAD: M A Basith on Sunday took over as the director-general and inspector-general of police, while Swaranjit Sen was given a warm farewell by his colleagues.

Minutes after assuming charge, the 1974 batch IPS officer said he would continue the strategy being adopted to tackle Maoists.

To a query on whether he will adopt a new strategy to counter Naxalites, Basith said with a smile: "I have taken over just 10 minutes ago and you are asking my strategy for 10 months."

Asked whether he would give a call for Naxalites to resume talks, the new DGP shot back: "It should come from the other side."

Earlier in the day, outgoing DGP Swaranjit Sen accepted the guard of honour at Amberpet police grounds. Putting aside tradition, he directly drove to the Gosha Mahal stadium where he paid tributes by saluting police martyrs.

Dharmapuri Naxal Special Duty (NSD) wing police will conduct special physical training camp for the rural youths

Physical training camp from Monday
Monday January 1 2007 00:14 IST

DHARMAPURI: The Dharmapuri Naxal Special Duty (NSD) wing police will conduct special physical training camp for the rural youths, planning to attend Uniformed Services Test in January 2007.

The NSD wing inspector R Senthil said in a release that as per the instructions of the District Collector and the Superintendent of Police, the special physical training would be conducted from January 2 to 20 under the Dharmapuri District Socio Economic Development Scheme to enable the youth to attend the selection test.

The free coaching would be conducted at District Sports Stadium, Dharmapuri, R C Higher Secondary School, Harur and Government Boys Higher Secondary School, Pennagaram. Sports coachers and experts from the NSD wing would train the aspirants. Candidates who passed Standard X are eligible to apply. They should register their names with the coaching centres and the NSD wing inspector concerned, he added.

For further details the candidates can contact in the following telephone numbers: (04342) 266199. Mobile: 94439 44452, 98428 61505, 94432 76101, 94435 12218, 94430 52502, 94435 13903, 94434 63839

KARNATAKA : K R Srinivasan top cop talks tough

[ 1 Jan, 2007 0019hrs ISTTIMES NEWS NETWORK ]

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BANGALORE: The state police chief 's job has come as a New Year gift to K R Srinivasan who is known as KRS to his colleagues and friends.

The 1972-batch IPS officer, who refused the police commissioner's post when offered by the S M Krishna administration, took charge as the Director General & Inspector General of Police (DG & IGP) on Sunday from his predecessor B S Sial who retired. Srinivasan will occupy the hot seat for the next 18 months.

In a first decision, he provided a major relief to his sub-ordinates at station level,who were asked to display Sial's photo in the stations prominently.

"I will keep that order in abeyance during my tenure,"Srinivasan answered to a query. Sial had passed an order asking SHOs to display the state police chief 's photo in stations.

Recognising the challenges before the police department such as terrorism, Naxalism and other issues, Srinivasan said, "Apart from traditional policing, the force needs to be trained and modernised to face complex situations."

"I will tour districts, speak to officers to know the ground-level situation. Then I'll chalk out goals," he said.
Commenting on the Naxal problem in Chikmagalur, Udupi and other districts, the new police chief said, "Naxal issue is not a police problem alone. It is a socio-economic problem, which has to be dealt with in a different manner."

Srinivasan, admittedly, is a victim of Bangalore's worsening traffic. "I will hold discussions with police officers in the city to improve the situation."

He has worked in various capacities all over the state except in the city. He has worked in forest cell, police training college, intelligence wing, civil rights enforcement directorate and CoD during his 34-year stint.

A native of Tanjore, Srinivasan was first secretary to the high commissioner of India in Bangladesh. He came to the limelight when Veerappan kidnapped matinee idol Rajkumar.

Sunday, December 31, 2006

Three Maoists gunned down in Andhra Pradesh

Sunday, December 31, 2006

Three Maoists were killed in a gun battle with police in the forests of Khammam district in Andhra Pradesh Sunday, taking the number of guerrillas killed in 2006 to 139.

Khammam District Superintendent of Police R.K. Meena said the Maoists opened fire on the police party engaged in combing operations in Paritala Lanka forests in Kuknoor mandal, forcing the latter to retaliate.

'After some time, police found bodies of three Maoists,' he said.

While the guerrillas were yet to be identified, police believe they belonged to the Communist Party of India-Maoist.

A .303 rifle and two spring rifles were recovered from the scene. Police suffered no casualties in the gun battle.

With these killings, the number of Maoists killed this year went up to 139.

Meanwhile, M.A. Basit Sunday assumed office as new director general of police. After taking charge from Swaranjit Sen, he said the current anti-Maoist strategy, which yielded good results, would continue.

Sen, who served as the state police chief for two years, said police had overcome the Maoist problem with people's cooperation. He said the Maoist violence had declined by 65 percent during 2006.

The number of people killed by Maoists came down to 52 this year from 211 in 2005, he said.

Police also achieved a nmajor success during the year by unearthing 53 arms dumps and recovering huge caches of arms including 875 rocket shells and launchers. Sen said 320 extremists surrendered while 717 of them had been arrested during the year.

Mixed bag for police on crime, naxal front

Special Correspondent

HYDERABAD: A steep decline in Naxalite violence by 65 per cent has been offset by the increase in other offences committed in the State during 2006.

At an year-end press meet to present a round-up of the crime situation, the outgoing Director General of Police, Swaranjit Sen, said on Saturday that the violence by CPI (Maoist) was the lowest ever with just 203 incidents reported across the State.

He said 136 extremists, including a State Committee secretary, Madhav, and a Central Committee Member of Maoists, Wadkapur Chandramouli, were killed in encounters. The year also saw the recovery of 305 weapons, 320 extremists surrendering and 717 other comrades arrested.

But the police could not prevent a rise in overall crime. There were 1.60 lakh cognisable offences as against 1.43 lakh cases in 2005.

The economic offences went up from 7,184 to 7,545, gender crime from 14,673 to 17,294 and cases under SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act from 2,122 to 2,174.

Mr. Sen said cases of communal nature also went up from 26 to 29 and road accidents from 38,913 to 42,569. The casualties in these accidents were 12,643 as against 11,098 last year.


He added that the largest recruitment in police department was undertaken during the year with the induction of 6,031 civil constables, 1,142 constables of AP Special Police and 600 sub-inspectors. The results of the test to recruit SIs would be declared in February.

New Chief Secy., DGP take charge in Karnataka

Bangalore, Dec. 31 (PTI): In a change of guard in two top positions in Karnataka, P B Mahishi today took charge as Chief Secretary and K R Srinivasan as Director General and Inspector General of Police.

Mahishi, a 1972 batch IAS officer who was Development Commissioner, took over from Malathi Das, who retired today. A 1972 batch IPS officer who served as DGP (CoD), Srinivasan took the baton from B S Sial, who too retired today.

Talking to reporters here today, Mahishi mooted the idea of having a "no meeting day" once a week to help officials of various departments address issues confronting the lower echelons, rather than remaining busy with meetings.

He stressed the need to strengthen the state lobby in Delhi to speedily clear Central funds, schemes and projects concerning Karnataka.

Srinivasan said problems relating to Naxals, traffic congestion in Bangalore and terrorist threats to the city would be given top priority.

"The Naxal problem is confined to Udupi and Chikmagalur districts only," Srinivasan said. "Our onus is to solve the problem. We will dissuade them (Naxals) and talk to them. We have to face the challenge."

Modernisation of the police force to tackle new types of crimes will be another area of focus, he said.

Naxal leader, wife killed in shootout

Press Trust of India

Hyderabad, December 31, 2006

A Naxal leader and his wife were killed in an exchange of fire with police near Panasapally village in Visakhapatnam district of Andhra Pradesh, police said on Sunday.

A special police party combing the area yesterday exchanged fire with Naxals, they said.

The dead persons were identified as Chandramouli alias Devanna, a member of CPI-Maoist's central committee and his wife Jyotakka.

Devanna, who went underground about 20 years ago, carried a reward of Rs 10 lakh on his head.

Police recovered two guns, two claymore mines and five kitbags from the scene of the shootout.

Naxals keep Chhattisgarh Govt on tenterhooks

Raipur, Dec 31. (PTI): The year 2006 saw Chhattisgarh's ruling BJP facing a series of embarrassments, including the dismissal of its state unit chief, and a spurt in naxal attacks on one hand and lady luck smiling again on opposition Congress leader Ajit Jogi on the other.

For the first time, Chhattisgarh BJP chief was sacked when Shiv Pratap Singh was shown the door on charges of indiscipline.

The infighting in BJP came to fore after Singh resigned from the post of Vice Chairman of Sarguja Development Authority on July 27 saying how could Home Minister Ram Vichar Netam chair the meeting of the Authority when he was present there.

However, Singh was sacked from the post of State BJP President on August 7 for "breach" of party discipline after the matter generated a lot of heat in the party and a low- profile tribal MP Vishnu Dev Sai was made as new chief of the party's state unit.

Earlier in the year, Chief Minister Raman Singh was put on the defensive when a controversy involving the State Public Service Commission (PSC) broke out for alleged irregularities in conduct if examinations.

In fact, the year started with the PSC controversy as a PSC member Chandra Sekhar Sahu resigned on January 10. Students' agitation in the wake of the row increased pressure on the Government to take action against the Commission members with the conduct of 2003 and 2005 examinations came under a cloud.

Not only was PSC Chairman Ashok Darbari sacked in September, a corruption case was registered against him and other members of Commission on December 15.

Raman faced the political onslaught as it was he who had appointed Darbari as PSC chief after his removal as Director General of Police by the then Home Minister Brij Mohan Agrawal for alleged inefficiency.

Adding to the woes of Chief Minister Raman Singh was the fact that for the first time in three years of his rule, he encountered opposition from within BJP on the issue of non-development, corruption and too much bureaucratisation of governance.

By contrast, BJP's arch political rival and former Chief Minister Ajit Jogi managed to occupy the centre stage of State politics in 2006 after being sidelined for over two years, especially after he was suspended from Congress following the case-for-MLA scam for trying to the BJP Government.

If 2005 was a bad year for the Jogi family, 2006 brought them cheer with Jogi's son Amit being released on bail on May 6 on order from Chhattisgarh High Court.

Amit was arrested on July 1, 2005, as main accused in the killing of NCP leader Ram Avatar Jaggi on June 4, 2003 when his father was the Chief Minister of Chhattisgarh.

Ajit Jogi's wife Renu won the Kota Assembly bypoll, creating a political flutter in the BJP ranks. Opposition to Raman Singh's leadership surfaced from within his party with former union Minister Ramesh Bais and former state BJP President Nand Kumar Sai asking the State Government to change its style of functioning.

In a shot in the arm for Ajit Jogi, the High Court on December 15 quashed the order of the National Commission for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe that Jogi was not a tribal and had fraudulently procured a tribal caste certificate.

However, the Government said it would appeal against the order in the Supreme Court.

On the naxalite front, the State Government declared a war-like situation prevailed due to left wing extremism and the deployment of central forces was beefed up to 14 battalions this year.

The naxalites carried out several major strikes killing about 300 people, including security personnel, and looting weapons.

In a change of strategy, Maoists targeted critical infrastructure like telephone, electricity and train services.

After attacking an explosive depot in Kirandul of Dantewada district on February 9 and killing 8 CISF jawans and looting over 20 tonnes of explosives and huge quantity of weapons and ammunitions, the Maoists killed 11 jawans at a police station of the same district on April 16.

The naxalites killed 26 villagers and abducted 60 people on February 28 when they blew up a vehicle that was carrying anti-naxal activists in Dantewada district.

On March 25, the ultras killed 13 traders by setting off landmines in Kanker district and on April 29, 13 out of 52 abducted villagers in Dantewada district were killed. On July 17, the extremists killed 31 inmates of a Government relief camp in Dantewada district.

To prove their urban networking, the Maoists delivered CDs and naxalite literature at the houses of all MLAs in Raipur on February 21, following which the State Government banned the CPI (Maoists) on April 12.

The bio-diversity rich State was in news for the theft of germoplasm of Jatropha, a high bio-fuel content plant, by a professor from the Indira Gandhi Agriculture University in Raipur for a multinational corporation.

Before that issue died down, field trials of Genetically Modified (GM) crops including rice, brinjal and ladiesfinger, surfaced amid strong opposition from agriculture scientists and the State Government.

To check rampant child marriage, particularly among tribals who constitute a major portion of Chhattisgarh's total population, the State Government made compulsory registration of marriage in the state from November 20.

In a major step to provide urban like facilities in rural areas, the President Dr A P J Abdul Kalam launched a Rs 120-crore PURA project in Raipur district in November.

A Raipur court issued arrest warrant against noted industrialist Mukesh Ambani him for alleged forgery in documents of a person by the Reliance Telecom for a phone connection but the High Court stayed that order on February 15.

The High Court also set aside the election of Lal Sai Khunte of BSP from Malkharoda assembly seat on August 1.

Salwa Judum: The Heroic Uprising

By Shachi Rairikar

The leftist opposition to Salwa Judum and support to naxalite terrorists once again prove the point what Nehru had put forward decades ago. Baffled by the uprising against the naxalite terror sponsored from abroad, the comrades are screaming shrill to stop the Judum.

Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was correct in his assessment of the Indian communists. He had once said, “The Indian communists are certainly not patriots. They are not interested in the well-being of Indian people, whatever other cause they may be seeking to serve. They speak about the country in a derogatory manner abroad. They preach violence which can only lead to a disastrous civil war.”

The leftist opposition to Salwa Judum and support to naxalite terrorists once again prove the point what Nehru had put forward decades ago. Baffled by the uprising against the naxalite terror sponsored from abroad, the comrades are screaming shrill to stop the Judum on the grounds that it has led to a huge loss of lives and is only dividing the Vanvasi society, pitting one Vanvasi against the other. The naxalite violence has risen squarely since the inception of this counter movement and the human loss is quite high as the Vanvasis are fighting the much sophisticatedly armed naxalites with their traditional simple bows and arrows.

Going by the leftist logic, it is implied that there should not have been any struggle for freedom in the pre-Independence era as fighting the much more powerful and well-armed British would have led to huge loss of lives. Their perverted thinking provides no scope for respect of freedom fighters who sacrificed their lives for the sake of the nation. It is not surprising that they denounced Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose and branded great revolutionaries like Savarkar as terrorists. The martyrs of the Judum are heroes who sacrificed their lives protecting their people. They should be held at par with those whom we pay homage on the Martyrs’ Day, but it would probably be preposterous to expect the communists to have the ability to differentiate between martyrdom and terrorism. In their opinion the only martyrs are the naxalite terrorists.

Through the past many decades the communists have nurtured and patronised the naxalites who cold-bloodedly kill innocent civilians and brave security personnel with their advanced weaponry procured from abroad out of foreign funds and the civilians’ hard-earned money extorted through coercion. The naxalites are lauded with praise, projected as poor, deprived people, forced to take up arms to protect their basic rights, the offspring of an oppressive feudal system, brave revolutionaries fighting to topple the traditional capitalist structure, to establish a utopian society securing an equal place for all. However, they have no words of sympathy for the victims of naxalite terrorism, who are also poor and deprived, oppressed by the same feudal system, who work hard to earn honest money only to fall prey to the naxal bullies.

The self-proclaimed “human rights activists” have denounced the Salwa Judum as an assault on the dignity of the Vanvasi population but remain silent on the atrocities committed by the naxalites on the Vanvasis. The leftists have a chosen set of lofty words to prove the superiority of their ideology. They commonly use terms like “human rights”, “people’s war”, “democracy” to fool others into believing that they are well-intentioned and fighting for the larger good. However, practically democracy and communism never go together. A look at world history would reveal the close affinity between communism and dictatorships. The fact remains that nowhere in the world have the communist regimes been able to provide a strong democratic setup. Now faced with a genuine ‘people’s war’, a practical implementation of ‘human rights’, the true meaning of democracy is making them weak-kneed. The true strength of this popular movement can be adjudged from the gross quantum of opposition it has generated from the leftist quarters, the left-leaning media, intellectuals, human rights groups, social activists alike.

It is difficult for the comrades to concede that the Judum is a movement of the common man. They are seasoned to perceive and portray only that which is led by red flag and banners, even though it might be orchestrated through coercion and violence, as people’s movement. They are thunderstruck by the unexpected, powerful opposition put up by the common people who have united voluntarily, irrespective of their political views and without any external orchestration, funding or support, to fight for their survival.

A close study of the history of Vanvasi societies all over India would show that the Vanvasis never submitted to any foreign power. They fiercely battled against the European colonialism and carefully safeguarded Vanvasi autonomy and culture. Now these brave men and women have once again risen up to the occasion to safeguard their pride from a foreign ideology being forcefully imposed upon them through violence and unjustified exploitation of their impoverished and disadvantaged living conditions.

The ill-intentioned spineless people who unfortunately have mostly been holding positions of power in the modern times in India have always expected Indians to meekly submit to violence and terrorism without any reaction, response or retaliation. Driven to the extremes of endurance, the valiant Vanvasis of Chhattisgarh have thrown off this imposed cowardly attitude and come out with their true natural valour. They have shaken the nation out of its slumber and set an example for the others to follow, to gather courage and fight terrorism.

Salwa Judum is an indigenous movement, a challenge thrown to those who have become puppets in the hands of international powers for vested personal interests. It will go down in the history of mankind as a unique example of the latent potential that every society carries but does not have the courage to explore and apply. It will shine like a guiding star for the coming generations, a lesson as to what an awakened people can accomplish only if they realise and utilise the power they hold.