Saturday, July 28, 2007

Nine Naxals surrender before police in Andhra Pradesh

28 Jul 2007, 0043 hrs IST,PTI

ONGOLE (ANDHRA PRADESH): Nine Maoists, including a couple carrying reward of Rs 2 lakh each, surrendered before the police at two separate places in Andhra Pradesh, police said on Friday.

The Maoist couple, M Venkateswarlu alias Balanna alia Naveen and Vengalamba alias Shyamala, gave themselves up here before District Superintendent of Police Vineet Brijlal.

Venkateswarlu was involved in four offences while Shyamala was wanted in two, he said.

A report from Rajahmundry quoting police sources said seven Naxals, including a woman, surrendered before District Superintendent of Police B Srinivasulu on Thgursday.

The surrendered Naxals were identified as G Chittibabu, G Sathibabu, G Bhupati, Mudu Gopalakrishna alias Gopal, Sema Reddy Pall, K Kosai and K Dombe.

Andhra CM Orders Judicial Probe Into Police Firing That Killed Eight

(Evening Lead)

Saturday 28th of July 2007 Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy Saturday announced a judicial probe into the police firing on communist parties' agitation seeking land for the poor that left at least eight Left activists killed and eight others injured in Khammam district.

Reddy also suspended Additional Superintendent of Police M. Ramesh Babu and transferred District Superintendent of Police R.K. Meena.

While six people died in police firing at Modigonda, 15 km from Khammam town and about 250 km from here, a woman succumbed to her injuries sustained during police caning on protestors ransacking a government office in Khammam town.

An eight-year-old boy was crushed under the wheels of an ambulance shifting the dead bodies from Modigonda.

Out of the injured, the condition of three is stated to be critical.

The chief minister, who held a high-level meeting with Director General of Police M.A. Basit and other top officials to review the situation, appealed to Left parties to call off their land agitation.

'I can't say who was at fault without a thorough probe. If somebody has done something wrong he will be tackled properly,' Reddy said when asked whether police were at fault in dealing with the protestors.

The agitation took a violent turn when activists of the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M), who were on a protest fast and blocking a road, allegedly threw stones at a police vehicle, injuring two policemen.

The policemen, several of them in plain clothes, opened fire on protestors including a large number of women sitting under a tent.

A driver of a truck, which was stopped by protestors, was also among the dead.

Telugu TV channels aired pictures of policemen firing several rounds from automatic weapons on the protestors. Most of the victims were shot on abdomen, chest and head. The bodies were lying in pools of blood while the injured were writhing in pain. Wailing men and women had gathered around them.

The situation remained explosive in the region as CPI-M activists took the bodies to the office of the Khammam district collector and were staging a sit-in outside it.

CPI-M leaders alleged that the police firing was unprovoked and aimed to kill innocent protestors.

The chief minister, however, quoted local legislator and minister for health and family welfare S. Chandrasekhar to say that an underground Maoist couple was leading the protest, which led to the violence.

He said there was no need for any opposition party to take up such an agitation as his government remained committed to provide a house to every homeless family in the state. He pointed out that his government also took up a massive programme for distribution of surplus government land among landless.

Earlier, Home Minister K. Jana Reddy sent Inspector General of Police Purnachandar Rao to Khammam district to conduct the inquiry. 'If any policeman is found guilty we will take action,' the home minister told reporters.

The violence and police firing in Khammam district took place during the daylong shutdown called by the Communist Party of India (CPI) and CPI-M to protest the use of force by police on their activists at different places in the state on Thursday.

The police firing evoked sharp reaction from all opposition parties. The main opposition Telugu Desam Party (TDP), which had backed the shutdown, termed the police firing barbaric and inhuman.

TDP president N. Chandrababu Naidu called upon the party to hold a state-wide protest while the Left parties have given a call for a shutdown in Khammam district Sunday.

For nearly three months the Left parties have been demanding distribution of government land and housing sites among the poor. Activists and many poor people have been occupying government land across the state as part of the agitation.

When the communist parties staged demonstrations across the state Thursday, police had caned protestors at some places. The issue had dominated the 10-day assembly session, which concluded Friday.

The police firing has marred the talks the state government was holding with CPI and CPI-M leaders to solve the issue. The talks between two sides remained inconclusive Friday and were scheduled to resume Saturday.

In Hyderabad, CPI state secretary K. Narayana, CPI-M secretary B.V. Raghavulu and eight other leaders, who were on an indefinite hunger strike for seven days, were shifted to a hospital by the police since their condition was deteriorating.

Tribal kids education gets priority

Saturday July 28 2007 11:35 IST

BHUBANESWAR: The State Government has decided to strengthen school and college education in the tribal-dominated districts of the State to increase literacy rate among the children.

This decision, taken at a high-level meeting, assumes significance in view of Naxals making inroads in the districts taking advantage of the backwardness and illiteracy of the tribals. Besides infrastructure development, education would also be a thrust area. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik presided over the meeting on Friday.

It was decided that coaching of students would be started in residential schools beyond school hours and teachers of these schools would be given coaching allowance.

Naveen had announced last year that 1000 hostels would be constructed for one lakh tribal girl students across the State. So far, 957 such hostels have been constructed with an intake provision of 85,000 girls.

It was decided that bathrooms would be constructed in the hostels and provision would be made for drinking water and electricity.

Naveen had also directed that only lady teachers be kept in charge of residential girls hostels.

On the otherhand, the performance of students of residential schools in matriculation examination has also improved. Official sources said 74 percent students of 227 residential schools made it to the grades in 2007 examination.

The success rate was 66 percent last year. Surprisingly, 42 residential schools recorded 100 percent success in the examination this year. Minister for Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe Welfare, Chaitanya Prasad Majhi, Chief Secretary Ajit Kumar Tripathy, Development Commissioner Rabinarayan Bohidar, Principal Secretary in Finance Department Rabinarayan Senapati, Secretary in the SC & ST Welfare Department Tara Dutt and senior officials attended

Tension prevails ahead of "martyr day"

Pradip Kumar Maitra, Hindustan Times
Nagpur, July 28, 2007
First Published: 19:57 IST(28/7/2007)
Last Updated: 20:00 IST(28/7/2007)

Tension prevails in the jungle areas of Gadchiroli, Chandrapur and Gondia districts, bordering Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh over the week-long bandh call given by the banned naxalites outfit, CPI (Maoist) to commemorate its "martyr day", beginning from July 28.

According to reports reaching Nagpur on Saturday, the naxalites have given the call ostensibly to commemorate the 35th death anniversary of their founder, Charu Majumder, who died in police custody in Kolkata on July 28, 1972. The state police are taking adequate precautions in view of the bandh and sounded a high alert in the naxalites-prone border districts.

The Maoist rebels are determined to bring these districts, particularly the interior areas, to a complete standstill during the period. They are distributed pamphlets and leaflets in this regard and appealed to villagers to ensure its success. The police recovered 23 kg explosive from two different places. The naxalites had planted explosives with a view to trigger explosions and blow up vehicles and create terror in the area.

The anti-naxalite squad in Gadchiroli was on way to patrolling Korchi area to thwart any attempt to disrupt peace when they discovered explosive plated on Bori route with the intention of blowing up passing vehicles. The police also recovered two detonators from the spot. Similarly, the patrolling party recovered 9 kg explosives near Jafrabad Hills in the district.

Talking to Hindustan Times, the additional director general of police (ADGP), anti-naxal cell, Pankaj Gupta asserted that the police were also determined to scuttle any naxalite design. “A massive police bandobast has been made in all the affected districts. Moreover, police patrolling in all the sensitive areas have also been spruced up in view of possible violence,” Gupta further informed.

AP, Karnataka police meet in Bellary

Saturday July 28 2007 13:48 IST

BELLARY: The hardcore Naxalite Ranga Reddy, who was playing hide and seek game with the Bellary police, was the main topic of discussion at the inter-state high level police meet held here on Friday.

A meeting of officials of Karna taka and Andhra Pradesh, was held at a private hotel in the city. Bellary SP Amrit Paul, IPS (probationary) Sandeep Patil, and police officers from Kalyan Durga, Rayadurga, Kurnool, Alur, Guntur, Challakere, Molaklamur, Sirigere, Hacholli and other parts of AP and Karnataka participated.

Entry for media persons was restricted. But according to highly placed sources, officials mainly discussed the Naxal menace in borders areas and about the anti social elements. Bellary district police requested the AP officials to provide information on Naxalite Ranga Reddy, who has become a headache for both AP and Karn ataka since past many years. But the AP police said they had no information about him, sources added.

DISCUSSIONS: According to the sources, apart from Ranga Reddy and Naxaism, the meeting was focused on the criminal activities around the border areas of Karnataka and AP.

Officials were exchanged the information and ideas or operations about the patrolling at border areas, combing operations, about unidentified bodies and suspected elements, thie ves, pending cases and oth er issues, including the mo dus operandi of both habitual and hardcore criminals. Officials opined about setting up mo re check posts and patrolling units at the bor ders areas.

TAMIL NADU : Naxal issue to figure in police conference

Special Correspondent

CHENNAI: Attempts by naxalites to set up a training camp in the State recently and the steps taken by police in its wake are among the issues that are expected to figure at the police conference.

A detailed review of the police functioning in the districts would also be taken up. The routine conference would provide an opportunity for the officers in the districts to interact with higher echelons of the administration.

In general, there had been no major law and order problem in the State this year. However, a vain bid by naxalites to start an arms training camp at Murugan Malai, near Periyakulam, raised apprehensions in the minds of the people about possible revival of naxalite activities in the State.
Swing into action

However, a senior police officer said that immediately after the naxalites proposed activity came to the police’s attention, through the public, officials swung into action and arrested three persons. Later, Sundaramoorthy of Dharmapuri district, who was absconding for the last 15 years, was nabbed along with one of his close associates, Karthi. Sundaramoorthy’s arrest was a ‘prize catch.’ The hunt for two persons, Navinprasad and Kalidas, had been intensified. Vigil had been stepped up in the State.
Detection rate

As regards crime, certain sensational cases, including “grille offenders” and those relating to bureau pulling offences had been solved. Till June this year, the detection percentage was 84 and recovery percentage was 83 as against 89 per cent and 81 per cent last year. A Government release said on the second day of the conference, developmental schemes will be discussed in detail with Secretaries to Government, Heads of Departments and District Collectors. All State Ministers, Secretaries, Heads of Departments, District Collectors and Police Officers will attend the conference.

Friday, July 27, 2007

Security agenda in secret House


Singh: In action
Raipur, July 26: Chhattisgarh today created history by holding the first secret Assembly in the parliamentary past of Independent India to discuss the country’s most irrepressible internal security threat — the Naxalite menace.

Moreover, when it came to discuss the activities of the Maoists, time was no bar.

The secret sitting of the House started at 11am for the proceeding, which extended for five hours.

Barring the three top state officials, including chief secretary, principal secretary (home) and director general of state police, no one other than members of the Chhattisgarh legislative Assembly were allowed entry.

All the galleries were closed while the proceedings went on in-camera.

According to sources, never in the history of Independent India a secret sitting under the rules of conduct in Parliament has been held in the Lok Sabha or the Rajya Sabha, or in any state Assemblies.

In 1942, a secret sitting in the then central Assembly was held and since then no such sitting has had been held.

The closed-door meeting was convened to discuss at length the Maoist menace and the government succeeded in propelling the members to speak frankly and without falter to underline the seriousness of the rebel issue that had assumed alarming proportions in the state.

“Generally, secret sitting of the Parliament or state assemblies is held during the time of war. And it underlines that the menace of the red army is no less than a war for the Chhattisgarh government,” a senior Congress member told The Telegraph.

However, setting aside party ideologies, members of both the ruling and the opposition parties strongly advocated a decisive war against the Left radical group for persistent violence targeting the security forces and civilians in the state’s worst insurgency-hit Bastar region.

“Most of the MLAs were of the view that the state should train and modernise the force and launch a decisive operation against the rebels,” a senior member of the ruling BJP said, pleading anonymity since the proceedings had been held closed-door and no record should come out without the permission of the Speaker of the House.

Speaker Prem Prakash Pandey said both ruling and opposition members had a constructive discussion on the Maoist issue.

Chief minister Raman Singh said the government would examine all the suggestions that would come up for debate and would be implemented on a priority basis.

Leader of Opposition Mahendra Karma said that though he could not reveal what transpired inside the House, all the points were discussed in detail. BJP legislator Devji Patel said the members had been briefed not to disclose any point.

Five BJP MLAs hit back at Jayakumar

Special Correspondent

BANGALORE: Five Bharatiya Janata Party MLAs on Thursday hit out at Housing Minister D.T. Jayakumar for his remarks on the transfer of power from the Janata Dal (S) to their party and said the Minister was issuing such controversial statements to cover up his deficiencies as Housing Minister.

While the BJP leadership desisted from commenting on the Minister’s statement, M.P. Renukacharya, Shivaraj Sajjanar, R.B. Siriyannavar, Nehru Olekar Chennabasappa and T. Gurusiddanagouda launched a counterattack against Mr. Jayakumar at a press conference in the lounge of the Legislative Assembly.

They said Mr. Jayakumar had failed to properly implement housing schemes and asked him to desist from advising the BJP on the issue of transfer of power. Let the Minister concentrate on his own portfolio, they remarked.


Mr. Jayakumar had created a furore in the Legislative Assembly on Wednesday by remarking that Chief Minister H.D. Kumaraswamy should continue as Chief Minister after October instead of handing over the post to the BJP.

The BJP MLAs said Deputy Chief Minister B.S. Yediyurappa, who is the BJP’s chief ministerial candidate, was an efficient administrator. He had emerged as a leader from the grass roots and knew the pulse of the people, they said.

Five BJP MLAs hit back at Jayakumar

Special Correspondent

BANGALORE: Five Bharatiya Janata Party MLAs on Thursday hit out at Housing Minister D.T. Jayakumar for his remarks on the transfer of power from the Janata Dal (S) to their party and said the Minister was issuing such controversial statements to cover up his deficiencies as Housing Minister.

While the BJP leadership desisted from commenting on the Minister’s statement, M.P. Renukacharya, Shivaraj Sajjanar, R.B. Siriyannavar, Nehru Olekar Chennabasappa and T. Gurusiddanagouda launched a counterattack against Mr. Jayakumar at a press conference in the lounge of the Legislative Assembly.

They said Mr. Jayakumar had failed to properly implement housing schemes and asked him to desist from advising the BJP on the issue of transfer of power. Let the Minister concentrate on his own portfolio, they remarked.


Mr. Jayakumar had created a furore in the Legislative Assembly on Wednesday by remarking that Chief Minister H.D. Kumaraswamy should continue as Chief Minister after October instead of handing over the post to the BJP.

The BJP MLAs said Deputy Chief Minister B.S. Yediyurappa, who is the BJP’s chief ministerial candidate, was an efficient administrator. He had emerged as a leader from the grass roots and knew the pulse of the people, they said.

Maoist cloud sends House under cover


July 26: Maoists have driven the state underground.

For the first time since Independence, an Assembly today held a secret sitting — with no visitors, journalists or cameras present, only the MLAs and three officials.

The reason: the Chhattisgarh Assembly was discussing the Naxalite menace, described last year by the Prime Minister as the “biggest internal security challenge ever faced by our country”.

Chief minister Raman Singh said he decided on an in-camera session to allow members to discuss the issue “openly and freely”. What the statement implied, but left unsaid, was that elected legislators are reluctant to speak out with the Naxalites watching.

Assembly secretary Devendra Verma said as much: “The members avoid speaking on such sensitive issues in the open. Even the government, which finalises strategic plans for such problems, avoids opening its cards.”

The decision to hold the session behind closed doors appeared to have worked. The House, which met at 11am, was to sit till 3pm but the discussion was first extended by three hours and then again by another two hours.

Other than the MLAs, only the state’s top officials — chief secretary Shivraj Singh, principal secretary S.V. Prabhat and director-general of police Viswaranjan — were present.

Speaker Prem Prakash Pandey said afterwards that members of the ruling and the Opposition parties had a constructive discussion and he was hopeful the debate would result in a solution. He refused to give details of the talks.

Leader of the Opposition Mahendra Karma and BJP legislator Devji Patel said all members had been briefed not to speak about the session. Even minutes of the discussion will be kept under wraps.

Rule 163 A — under which the Speaker gave consent for the session — says any disclosure of the proceedings will be treated as “gross breach of privilege of the Assembly”.

Former chief minister Ajit Jogi was unimpressed. “Being the first to do this or that does not mean anything. Dr Raman Singh must remember it is the government’s responsibility to ensure peace and safety.”

But party colleague Karma, who leads the 35 Congress MLAs in the 90-member House, was more supportive. He agreed that the session had to be held in secrecy because Naxalites often target MLAs who speak out against them and hoped something “concrete” would emerge out of it.

“Generally, a secret sitting of Parliament or the Assemblies is held in wartime. It underlines that the menace of Red army is no less than a war,” a Congress member said.

Hundreds killed in relentless attacks and 13 states designated Naxalite-hit have not caused the alarm that a single blast in Delhi or Mumbai does, but perhaps the sight of the state going under cover will force urban India to wake up to the problem of the outback.

Security up ahead of Naxals’ week

27 Jul 2007, 0417 hrs IST,TNN

NAGPUR: The possibility of a sudden attack on government establishments, especially police posts, along with Tactical Counter Offensive Campaigns (TCOC) during ‘Martyrs week’ (Shaheed saptah) annually observed by Maoists from July 28 onwards has prompted the security agencies to slip into alert mode.

High vigilance and bandobast are expected to be the highlights of police action gearing up to counter the annual event, which is usually stretched to 15 days. Deployed at the strategic locations in the naxal-affected districts like Gadchiroli, Gondia and Chandrapur, including key government establishments like MSEDCL sub-stations, telephone exchanges and MTNL towers and bus stations, police wants to ensure that the Naxal attacks can be countered on these ‘soft’ targets.

Anti-Naxalite Operation (ANO) cell has already been tipped off by the intelligence sources about the lethal tactics likely to be undertaken by the Maoists during the forthcoming Shaheed Saptah.

Sources claimed that the ANO has been informed about ‘mobile warfare’ or attacks on government establishments and police stations by Maoists armed with sophisticated weapons. Similarly, sources said that the ANO has also been alerted about the tactics like TCOC undertaken by the Maoists to target government establishments and sabotage government machineries.

“Security has been stepped up after inputs were gathered about the possible violent strikes by the Maoists,’’ said Anti-Naxal Operation cell chief Pankaj Gupta. “Violent action against police personnel and government officials to avenge actions on naxalites by the security agencies would be the main focus of the violent plans of the naxals in this period but we are geared up too,’’ said Gupta.

Co-ordination among the neighbouring states and different agencies would play a crucial role in countering the naxal’s oppressive actions, he added. Apart from other challenges, heavy monsoon also has been worrying the ANO department.

“Taking advantage of the inundated nullahs and rivers in the districts, the naxals would try their utmost to cut-off the areas. Though rain would be a deterrent for naxals too but security agencies would be prepared,’’ said Gupta.

Meanwhile, superintendent of police of Gadchiroli Rajesh Pradhan said that considering the naxal bandh call, extra State Reserve Police teams from Nagpur and Amravati had been deployed to spruce up security arrangements.

In Gondia, superintendent of police Pradeep Deshpande and special IG Shrikant Savarkar visited the naxal-affected villages of the district.

Deshpande has also deployed additional security personnel, including State Reserve Police Force, and has formed about 22 counter-insurgency teams in the area. The entire police machinery in association with the anti-naxal operations cell is geared up to meet any eventuality.

The local police have held coordination meetings with the officials of the forest, railways and other government departments to foil naxal designs.

The villages bordering Chhattisgarh and Gadchiroli are together keeping a strict vigil to thwart any naxal strike.
Like Pradhan, Deshpande too has appealed to the people not to sympathise with naxals and their nefarious and anti-national activities.

According to sources in the city police, security in the Orange city would be stepped up during the forthcoming Shaheed Saptah.

Apart from intercepting a vehicle with huge cache of arms possibly meant for distribution among the South-based splinter groups of naxal dalams last year, arresting state-level activists like Arun Thomas Ferriera and Murli along with two others, city police dealt a huge blow to the naxal movement in Vidarbha

Chopper to hunt Maoists

26 Jul 2007, 0413 hrs IST,TNN

HYDERABAD: Andhra Pradesh and its Maoist-affected neighbouring states —Orissa, Chatthisgarh and Madhya Pradesh — would get a shot in their anti-Naxal drive with the government of India deciding to buy a helicopter for the common use of police there.

Unconfirmed reports have said that the chopper would be used in the hunting Maoists in places that are inaccessible by road. But Director General of Police M A Basith said it would be used in what he called rescue operations.
"Yes, an order has been placed. The helicopter will be commonly used by the Naxal-affected states. The place where it would be stationed has not been decided yet. We also need to work out on some other details," he said.

Basith, speaking to mediapersons on Wednesday, scotched rumours that the state government wanted to purchase UAVs or unmanned aerial vehicles to help in its drive against Maoists. He said since geographical conditions in the State do not suit the use of UAVs there is no need to buy them.

The director-general said that except in parts of the areas in Khammam, Vizianagaram and Visakhapatnam districts and those bordering Orissa and Chattisgarh, Maoist attacks have been brought under considerable control.

There is marked decline in Maoist activities in the last six months as compared with the same period of 2006. The police has been able to keep up its pressure on Maoists by neutralising their cadre and technical capacity to make surprise attacks. A large number of Maoists have been surrendering before the police and with the help of information they are giving, mines are being defused and arm caches being discovered.

Responding to a question on the reported cooperation extended by the city police to their counterparts from Gujarat in the kidnapping of Sheikh Sohrabuddin and wife Kauserbi and their subsequent killings, the director-general reiterated that no such assistance was given.

Thursday, July 26, 2007

Chhattisgarh assembly holds secret sitting on naxal issue

Chhattisgarh Assembly to have first-ever secret sitting in India

R Krishna Das / Raipur July 26, 2007

The Chhattisgarh Assembly will conduct the first-ever secret sitting in the parliamentary history of India on Thursday to discuss the Naxal problem, which has emerged as the biggest internal security threat in India.

Chhattisgarh Vidhan Sabha Secretary Devendra Verma told Business Standard that not a single secret sitting had been held neither in Parliament nor in any of the assemblies in past despite the rules of conduct having a provision for the same.

In the secret sitting, only the members will be allowed and all the galleries, including that of media and officials, will be closed. Only three top officials of the government — chief secretary, principal secretary (home) and director general of state police — will be allowed entry. The records of the proceedings will not be made public without the permission of the Speaker.

The secret sitting will be conducted from 11 am to 3 pm and later the House will transact other business after all the galleries are opened.

“The members avoid speaking on such sensitive issues (Naxal problem) in the open. Even the government, which finalises strategic plans for such problems, also avoids opening its cards,” Verma said, adding the secret sitting would provide room for all to freely discuss the problem.

Chhattisgarh assembly holds secret sitting on naxal issue

Raipur, Jul 26 (PTI) For the first time in the history of Chhattisgarh, a secret sitting of the Assembly was held today to discuss freely the increased naxal violence in the state.
As per House Rule 163-A, Assembly is discussing the naxal issue of the state in its secret sitting from 11 am to 3 pm in which media, public and other officials are not allowed in the chamber, lobby or the galleries of the House to witness or hear the proceedings, Assembly sources told PTI here.

Since Maoists target those members, who speak against them, it was decided to have a secret sitting so that the entire issue and the strategy against the naxalites is discussed openly and freely by the members, Chief Minister Raman Singh told reporters here.

He hoped that all aspects of the protracted problem of the state would be discussed among the members so that the government is able to fight the menace in a better way.

Among officials only chief secretary Shiv Raj Singh, principal secretary S V Prabhat and Director General of Police Vishwaranjan were allowed in the official gallery, where as rest all, other than legislators, have been barred from entering the premises till 3 pm, they said.

To a question they also clarified that under rule 163-D, without permission of the Speaker if any one discloses any of the proceedings it would invite breach of privilege of the House.

Naxal menace has claimed hundreds of lives in last two decade in this region. In last couple of years Maoists have become more organised and are equipped with modern weapons and landmines. PTI

Special team to tackle naxal, terrorist activities
S.O. News service, Wednesday, July 25, 2007:

Karwar: A Mohan Prasad, IGP Western Range, has said although there are no naxalite activities in Uttara Kannada district at present, their establishment here in near future cannot be ruled out as there are many pockets of thickly wooded forest in the district providing safe place for them. He said the tribal people also live in these forest areas.

In an informal chat with reporters here on Monday, Prasad said similar situation prevailed in Chikmangalur district five years ago. However, the naxal menace had grown alarmingly in that district, he said. In view of this all needed precautionary measures had been taken to curb any possible naxalite activities in Uttara Kannada district. He said a special police team had been formed to take up anti-naxal operations which would also identify naxal sympathisers in the district.

He said a special police team led by a senior police officer had also been formed in the district to prevent terrorist activities. He said the two teams would work in tandem. He said the police had been investigating the possibility of the relatives of those accused in London car bomb blast living in Bhatkal. There were reports in this regard, he added. However, it could be confirmed only after investigation, he said and clarified that the investigation was a routine affair and one should not read much in it. He said at present there were 83 Pakistani nationals in Bhatkal and they would leave the country after the expiry of their visa.

Furnish details of tenants to police station - DC

Mangalore: Furnish details of tenants to police station - DC

Mangalore July 26: In view of terrorism, naxal activities, banning of arrack, lotteries etc, the district administration’s earlier order, not to let/ sublet/ rent out any accommodation in the jurisdiction of the DK district without proper identification, which had expired on July 21, has been further extended to 60 days.

According to a press release issued by the District Magistrate M Maheshwara Rao, no accommodation can be rented without furnishing the particulars of the tenants to the Station House Officer of the nearest police station concerned.

Everyone who intend to take accommodation on rent, as well as persons dealing with property business shall inform in writing to the Station House officer about the particulars of the tenants. The order comes into effect from July 22 and shall be effective for 60 days upto September 19 unless withdrawn earlier.


M'lore: Order for Proper Identification of Tenants Extended

Daijiworld Media Network – Mangalore (NR)

Mangalore, Jul 26: The earlier order of the district administration, not to let / sublet / rent out any accommodation in the jurisdiction of the DK district without proper identification, which had expired on July 21, has been further extended by 60 days as per a press release.

The press release issued by the district magistrate M Maheshwara Rao, states that no accommodation can be rented without furnishing the particulars of the tenants to the station house officer of the nearest police station concerned. These measures have been enforced in view of terrorism, naxal activities, banning of arrack, lotteries etc.

The press release elabourates that anyone who intends to take accommodation or flat on rent, as well as persons dealing with property business shall inform in writing to the station house officer about the particulars of the tenants. The order comes into effect from July 22 and shall be effective for 60 days upto September, 19 unless withdrawn earlier.

Naxal killed in Prakasam district


Ongole (AP), July 26 (PTI): A nNaxalite was killed in an exchange of fire with police at Birubulanarva in Prakasam district early Wednesday. However, five of his associates escaped, police said.

Acting on a tip-off that six Maoists were holding a meeting near Birubulanarva under Markapuram mandal, a police party went to the spot.

There was an exchange of fire in which a naxalite died, police said.

The dead man was was identified as Gopi alia Nageswara Rao, they said. Two tapanchas and a kit bag were found at the scene, police said.

ORISSA: Naxalite bigwig Srinivasalu alias C Ramalu nabbed

Statesman News Service
MALKANGIRI, July 25: The special operations group had a prize catch late last night when it nabbed Srinivasalu, a top ranking Naxalite leader who was area commander of Malkangiri district. Srinivasalu alias C Ramalu and Sukar Madari, a naxal from Chhatisgarh were caught when they were preparing for a meeting in view of their ‘Sahid Week’ observance from 28th July.
Police sources said Srinivasalu carried a reward of Rs 15 lakh and had over 100 cases against him in Andhra Pradesh. He was their top man and in charge of Malkangiri, said these sources.
Sukar of Chhatisgarh had recently entered Malkangiri and had several cases against him in the neighbouring state.
We had a tip off since three days and were on the look out, yesterday the SOG successfully caught the two near the forests, said a senior police officer.
A few explosives , a double barrel gun and naxal literature were seized from them. Their top notch leaders do not carry firearms as they have their own private gunmen and guards, remarked the police officer.

Chhattisgarh HC rejects PUCL leader's bail plea

23 July 2007

The Chhattisgarh High Court has rejected a bail plea of PUCL Vice-President Binayak Sen arrested under the Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act, 2006 and Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967.

Justice Sunil Sinha reserved his ruling on Friday.

Sen was arrested on May 14 at a lawyer's office here for conveying messages from naxal leader Narayan Sanyal, lodged in a local jail, to extreme leftist Piyush Guha. The PUCL leader was incarcerated at Raipur.

Police claimed incriminating evidence was found in a hard disk belonging to Sen whose counsel Kanak Tiwari submitted that his client was meeting Sanyal in the capacity of a human rights activist and in the presence of the Prison Superintendent after obtaining permission from the Superintendent of Police.


Wednesday, July 25, 2007

Terai Talks End On Dismal Note

Wednesday 25th of July 2007 Talks between Nepal's government and a major player in the Terai plains ended on a dismal note Wednesday with the ethnic group accusing a ministerial team of failing to do its homework and 'showing the old mindset'.

Headed by Peace and Reconstruction Minister Ram Chandra Poudel, the second most senior minister in Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala's cabinet, the three-member ministerial team held talks with the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF).

The forum, a grouping of Madhesis, or people from the plains, will for the first time contest an election by taking part in the constituent assembly polls in November.

This is the second round of talks between the two sides, held in secrecy, in the resort town of Dhulikhel in Kavre district.

Nepal's media remained silent about the parleys. The state-run television channel merely said the dialogue would be continued Saturday.

However, Kishor Biswas, a senior MJF leader and part of its four-member negotiating team, told IANS the talks had been 'depressing, without any rapport and without showing any progressive thinking.

'The government team came and sat down for the talks only for the sake of holding talks,' Biswas said. 'They had not done any homework at all, were not prepared mentally and showed the same old mindset towards the Madhes issue.'

On Saturday, the talks would centre on the system of government and process of elections, Biswas said.

The MJF is pressing for a fully proportional representation system in order to have the plains better represented in parliament.

It is also asking for a federal form of government with fully autonomous states that would have the right to self-determination.

When they began a series of closures and blockades since January, Koirala was forced to pledge that Nepal would have a federal system after the election.

The MJF's growing clout in the plains has pitted it against the Maoists. There have been growing incidents of both sides attacking each other, resulting in loss of lives.

The rising demand in the Terai for autonomy and higher representation in parliament has also created a sharp division between Nepal's hill and plains communities, with the latter accusing the pro-Madhes groups of trying to split the country.

The Terai would be a crucial factor in the Nov 22 election.

The government had to defer the polls once in June due to the worsening security situation in the Terai where nearly a dozen armed groups have become active.

On Wednesday, Nepal's Chief Election Commissioner Bhoj Raj Pokhrel again told the government that if the unrest continued, it would not be possible to hold elections.

Chhattisgarh assembly to debate Maoist menace


From correspondents in Chhattisgarh, India, 02:33 PM IST

The Chhattisgarh assembly is set to hold a special sitting Thursday to discuss the growing Maoist menace in the state and form a strategy to deal with the rebels.

'Assembly members will have an open discussion in the house on Thursday to firm up a strategy to contain the militants and their relentless attacks,' a minister in the BJP government told IANS. 'The house will debate the issue as the extremists have crossed all limits.'

The closed-door session will not be open to the media. Chief Secretary Shivraj Singh, Principal Secretary (home) S.V. Prabhat and Director General of Police Vishwaranjan will be present.

Chhattisgarh has been the worst hit among the 13 Maoist-affected states in India. In 2005, tribals in the Bastar region launched the Salwa Judum (campaign for peace) movement against the extremists. They were later supported by the state government with arms and monetary back up.

The continuing battle between the militants, the police and the civil militia cadre have so far forced over 50,000 people, mostly tribals, to desert their forested villages and settle in dozens of government-run refugee camps.

One of the deadliest attacks by the Maoists was on a police camp in Bastar in March when 55 policemen were massacred.

The last major strike by the rebels was on July 9 when guerrillas killed 24 security personnel, including 16 Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) men, in a fierce gun battle.

Police estimate that about 5,000 Maoists armed with AK-47 rifles, mortar, rocket launchers and landmines are active in the state, backed by another 20,000 cadres who carry self-loading rifles and traditional weapons like bows and arrows and axes.

(Staff Writer, © IANS)

Maoists in India targeting western companies and outsourcing sector

Maoists in India targeting western companies and outsourcing sector as India's FII inflow crosses $10 billion in 2007

Asish Hosalkar

Jul. 24, 2007

While international companies are all bullish on India a dark side is getting ready to take it on them. The Naxalites, or Maoists, of India are rising very fast ands plan to bring the foreigners and outsourcers to their knees.

Foreign institutional investors'' unabated appetite for Indian markets has taken their net inflow into the country to over 10 billion dollars so far this year, with an investment of 5.75 billion dollars in July, the highest ever recorded in a month.

The FIIs have made a net purchase worth about 10.5 billion dollars in equity and debt markets since the beginning of 2007, dwarfing the total net investment of 8.87 billion dollars in the entire 2006. This is represented by the data available with market regulator SEBI.

The net FII inflow in the equity markets totals 9.9 billion dollars this year, while that in the debt markets stands at 681 million dollars.

At the same time the Maoists are threatening to take it on Hyderabad, Bangalore especially on the Western companies, and Indian companies that are primarily involved in serving the west's appetite for outsourcing.

India has tried a great deal to bring these Maoists into the main stream. The security forces are fighting hard against these terror elements that hide in the jungle and strike like guerrillas.

But these Maoists have sympathy from the villagers that see Indian Government of Sonia Gandhi as agents of Indian and Western oligarchs.

Maoists are the worst elements of the society. They are similar to Al-Queda. They feed on the weakness and languish of a specific sector of the society.

The problem is that India's FII inflow crossed $10 billion in 2007 but hardly any dot into the rural sector of India that is really the 95% of real India.

People in the countryside are upset with the Government and the western nations that bring in dollars and euros. The educated elite of India and rich of the western nations are gaining. The despair among common Indians is rising exponentially. That is what these terror elements want.

Hyderabad police have launched a hunt for the abductors of Satyam Computer Services’ General Manager, Vedula Satyanarayana, who was allegedly kidnapped in front of an elite public school, located in a busy road in Secunderabad on Tuesday morning.

"We received a complaint from Satyanarayana’s wife Kiranmayi between 9.45 and 10 am that her husband has been kidnapped," Gopalpuram Division Assistant Commissioner of Police YV Ramana said.

Police said that Satyanarayana (40) went to drop his two children at their school (Geetanjali Public School) at Secunderabad. He crossed the road with his children while his car was parked on the other side of the road. His driver was also waiting for him in the car.

Maoist cadres seeking comfort women?

Wednesday July 25 2007 12:20 IST
BHUBANESWAR: The rescue of three women Maoist cadres from different places of Mayurbhanj district on Monday has exposed the dirty underbelly of the Naxalite movement which has consolidated its base in more than three-fourth areas of the State.

Girls between 14 and 18 years of age were abducted by the ultras at gun-point from interior tribal villages and forced to have sex with them, Mayurbhanj SP Sanjay Singh told this paper on Tuesday. The three girls were rescued by the police from Bhejidihi, Hatichhad and Bhuansuni villages of the district.

The Naxalites abandoned them in these villages after the police chased them, he said. The women cadres were kept in Lado and Sarali forests in the district. Besides sex, they were utilised for cooking food for the ultras, making bombs and other errands. This is for the first time that such a case has been detected in Orissa.

Singh said three to four more women cadres are now with the ultras in the district and some of them are from neighbouring States. Police are, however, not sure whether women from West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh, who are in Orissa, are exploited sexually by the male colleagues. But the police have launched raids to rescue these women cadres also, he said.

The disease is not confined to Mayurbhanj district alone. Police said it has spread to other tribal areas of the State where the Maoists have set up base. Such cases do not come to light as the men leave the female colleagues in the villages whenever they are in danger.

Though the exact number of women cadres in Orissa is not known, according to police estimates, there are more than 30 in different places. The maximum number of them are in Dhenkanal area and the group operates in Sambalpur district and neighbouring Chhattisgarh.

So far, Orissa police has arrested three women Maoists who held responsible posts in the Naxalite hierarchy. One of them was Sobha alias Budhuni Munda, who was head of the women’s wing of the Maoists and member of the central committee.

The other two, Madhavi and Sangeeta, also held responsible posts in the technical committee.

IGP Rao declares war on Naxals

Chitradurga, July 25: IGP (Western Range) H N Satyanarayanrao declared war on Naxals and promised to intensify police action on them.

Speaking to reporters here on Tuesday, he conceded that innocent people could be killed during encounters with Naxals. Anti-Naxal operations would be intensified in a manner that innocent civilians would not be adversely affected.

The police department had intelligence reports that Naxals had many sympathisers along the boundaries of Chitradurga and Tumkur districts. Yet Naxals did not cause much trouble here. They were very active in Malnad areas, he said.

Steps would be taken to curb illegal mining in Chitradurga and Bellary districts, he said.

Lorries involved in the transport of illegal ore were being confiscated and cases were being filed against the perpetrators, he said.

Naxal issue: Bundh in 3 Malnad taluks on July 31

Malnad Shanthi Samithi has called for Koppa, Sringeri and Narasimharajapura bundh on July 31.

A preparatory meeting in this regard was held at Town Hall in Koppa on Tuesday. Bundh is being observed to restore peace and order in Malnad region.

The members said that amidst several problems, Naxalism has instilled fears in the minds of the people. Naxalites are involved in robbery, and threatening the innocents.

They said “Malnad is not in favour of gun culture. People want to live harmoniously in the region. To protest against the raising Naxalites in the region, bundh will be observed on July 31,” they added.

They urged the schools, colleges, government offices to remain closed and thus support the movement against Naxalites.

Zilla Panchayat Member Krishnamurthy, Taluk Panchayat President Nagarathnamma BJP leaders H K Dinesh, Sudheer Kumar, Congress leader A S Nagesh, Shashikumar, BSP leader B N Anand among others were present.


Maoists gun down ‘informer’

Wednesday July 25 2007 12:17 IST

GUNTUR: Maoists gunned down former Naxalite at Kallagunta village in Veldurthi mandal in the district late last night accusing him of being a police informer.

Nomula Mariadas (22) joined Naxal movement four years ago. After working in the movement in various capacities, he surrendered to the police at Veldurthi police station in April, 2005.

However, after surrendering, Mariadas formed a gang and took to extortion. A case has already been registered against him at Amarabad police station in Mahboobnagar district, in connection with which he was arrested a year ago.

In Kallagunta, Mariadas was leading a group, involved in the implementation of Cultivation and Land Development Programme.

Tuesday, July 24, 2007

Security Tone Up In Chhattisgarh Ahead Of Maoist Martyrs Week

Tuesday 24th of July 2007 The Chhattisgarh government has begun strengthening police presence in interior areas of the insurgency-hit Bastar region in the wake of a Maoist plan to observe martyrs' week from July 28, officials said Tuesday.

'We have begun moves to deploy paramilitary troopers of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and thousands of state policemen in and around remote areas housing government buildings and establishments in the entire Bastar region in the backdrop of a Maoist plan to observe martyrs week,' a senior police officer told IANS.

In the past week, police have found several posters and leaflets from the interiors of Bastar region, mainly around the Durgkondal locality, in which Maoists have stated their plans of observing a martyrs week in memory of rebel commanders who were recently killed in fights with security forces.

How tribal women were exploited by Naxals

Tuesday July 24 2007 11:55 IST
BARIPADA: Mayurbhanj police have rescued three young tribal women from a secret den of the Maoists located in the ‘Sarali’ hills flanked by ‘chedey’ forests under Gurumohisani police station limits.

During an intensive combing operation after the incident, the police also arrested four Maoist activists identified as Sana Murmu and Langa Munda of Chadheipahada, Matka Hansda of Kankadabeda and Donku Munda of Bhejidihi.

Mayurbhanj SP Sanjay Kumar Singh said a group of 12 Maoists, of whom two were women, trapped the three young tribal women. They confined the women in their hideout at ‘chedey’ and also sexually exploited them. On a tip-off, the police rescued the three women from the Naxalites’ hideout, the SP said.

For security reasons, the SP declined to disclose the names of the villages to which the rescued young women belonged.

Relief to rebels as jawans ‘retreat’

Raipur, July 23: Maoists have a reason to smile — the Naga police battalion has finally moved out of the state.

After a short stint of two years, the battalion of Nagaland Armed Police (NAP) left Chhattisgarh yesterday after their term of deployment expired. The rebels have been demanding the removal of Naga jawans from Bastar since they stepped into the Maoist territory in May 2005.

On the request of he Chhattisgarh government, the Centre sent a battalion of NAP for anti-Maoist operations. The Naga jawans’ expertise in jungle warfare soon started bearing results and they managed to storm into the territories that the Naxalites had been claiming theirs.

“The Naga boys did a commendable job and succeeded in putting the rebels into defensive mode for the first time,” said inspector-general of police (headquarters) Girdhari Nayak. He said the state government had started efforts to bring the Naga battalion back for another term.

In a secret move, the NAP personnel reached here last evening from Bsatar in more than 50 vehicles with all their equipment and resources. They would head to Nagaland in a special train.

“Since it is a movement of an entire battalion, the details of onward journey cannot be leaked,” Nayak said.

At present, the state has a battalion of Mizoram Armed Police from the Northeast. But the imprint left by the Naga jawans was unmatchable.

“The Naga jawans were energetic and acted on lightning speed,” said Bastar superintendent of police G.P. Singh.

On many occasions, he specially invited the Naga troops to storm into Maoists’ camps. During its two-year stay in Chhattisgarh, Naga jawans wreaked havoc on the rebels’ camp.

About 24 jawans lost lives during operations. Ten NAP personnel died on the spot when rebels triggered a powerful landmine explosion in Dantewada on February 6 last year. The blast blew up the vehicle the jawans were travelling in.

The Maoists had been demanding the removal of Naga force from Chhattisgarh from time to time. Besides issuing notes to the local media, the rebels had organised bandh in Bastar a couple of times in support of their demand to send back NAP battalion.

IT City a haven for criminals

24 Jul 2007, 0257 hrs IST,Ambarish B,TNN

BANGALORE: When the Mumbai police arrested Rajesh Jham, a close aide of Chhota Rajan in Bangalore, it fuelled the debate yet again. Is Bangalore becoming a haven for criminals? It appears so, more so with the entry of educated people in terror plots.

The city first got this ‘safe hideout’ tag in 1991 when Sivarasan and his LTTE associates took shelter in Konanakunte after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi. They rented a house and spent over two months before NSG personnel stormed the house.

Since then, the police have been looking for criminals on the run in Bangalore. Men in khaki from neighbouring states have come here often in search of extremists and even Naxals. It is feared that Naxals continue to take shelter on the outskirts.

Of late, there hasn’t been a case of underworld criminals taking refuge here, but the police now have to be wary of educated youth getting involved in terror organisations.

For instance, the Mumbai police arrested Mujamil Sheikh, an accused in the Mumbai train blast case, in the city. He was working in a BPO.

"Ten years ago, the scenario was entirely different. When criminals took shelter, their suspicious movement gave us leads. However, in today’s scenario, a youth produces genuine documents establishing that he works for an MNC or a BPO. No landlord will turn away such people," Joint Commissioner of Police (Crime), Gopal B Hosur explained.

LTTE sympathisers are also feared to have settled on the city’s outskirts. The methods used by Naxals and other extremist organisations have been similar to that of terrorist outfits. "Even Naxal and other extremist outfits have educated youths as operatives and they work in the city and stay in rented houses. The landlords should keep a vigil on their tenants, especially their working hours, friends they meet and other unusual activities," police officials explained.

Mangalore: 'Home Minister Responsible for Naxalite Menace'

Daijiworld Media Network – Mangalore (KM/RD)

Mangalore, Jul 23: Home minister is responsible for the Naxalite menace, alleged Pramod Mutalik, president of Vishwa Hindu Sene on Sunday Jul 22.

He alleged that by withdrawing the list of 32 Naxal supporters he behaved irresponsibly and hence is the chief cause of the Naxal encounter recently.

“Ranavira Sene battalion by the civilians which is operating in Bihar against the problem of the Naxalism has been supported by the Sene, and in Malnad (Western Ghats of Karnataka) similar team is getting prepared in association with the Rama Sene,” he added.

The team has not named the few retired police officials who have extended their support to the team, he opined.

While replying to the queries raised by media persons, he said that although the ideals and goals are right, the way they go ahead is not right, he concluded.

Prasad Attavara, convener of Shri Rama Sene and Kumar Palemar were present in the press conference.

Monday, July 23, 2007

The geopolitics of India: Current Impediments, Future Prospects-II

The geopolitics of India: Current Impediments, Future Prospects-II
India survives by its value system, culture
By B.K. Agnihotri


The recent trajectories of China and India suggest strongly that these states will play a more powerful role in the world in the coming decades. One recent analysis, for example, judges that “the likely emergence of China and India… as new global players—similar to the advent of a united Germany in the 19th century and a powerful United States in the early 20th century—will transform the geopolitical landscape.

India’s eminence and continued survival have been based upon its value system. Any effort to destroy this value system would hurt India. Western civilization, while interacting with India, has to be cognizant that India’s life blood is its culture.

A major and monumental effort must be mounted in providing healthy food, health-care, drinking water, primary education, and basic necessities to a large segment of population. How can we do it? If India is to avoid unrest or discontent, India must confront these hard facts. The forward movement of India depends upon her successful handling of these problems.

As The Wall Street Journal on May 4, 2007 stated: Despite the economy growing at 8 per cent or more a year for the past three years, India is falling behind in several basic measures of human progress…. The latest family health survey, conducted by India’s Ministry of Health, showed child malnutrition levels even higher than in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to the survey, 46 per cent of children under three in India are underweight. (UNICEF figures show that 28 per cent of Sub-Saharan children under five are underweight.) Anemia, linked to poor nutrition, is prevalent in 79 per cent of India’s children aged 6-35 months, up from 74 per cent seven years ago.

Closely associated with issue of poverty is the challenge that India faces regarding her youth. A majority of India’s population is under the age of 30. This is truly an extraordinary resource, but it is also potentially a grave danger should the youth of India remain under-employed or unemployed. Proper engagement and direction can determine the positive impact of that resource. India must keep these young people from pursuing anti-social activities.

Fifth, India’s political stability and economic progress also depends on her place on the world stage and the likely threats she may encounter from other countries. In her international relations India’s first concern must now be China.

China and India are often mentioned side by side by opinion leaders. Donald Berlin writes: The recent trajectories of China and India suggest strongly that these states will play a more powerful role in the world in the coming decades. One recent analysis, for example, judges that “the likely emergence of China and India…as new global players—similar to the advent of a united Germany in the 19th century and a powerful United States in the early 20th century—will transform the geopolitical landscape, with impacts potentially as dramatic as those in the two previous centuries.”

India’s future will be very much affected by the moves China is making. China is not only a major economic power, it has expansionist motives also. For example, China’s movement in the Indian Ocean is a major concern: China is building ports in Bangladesh and in Sri Lanka. It has also built a large naval base for Pakistan in the Arabian Sea. Recent reports indicate that these initiatives may be part of a definite and long-term strategy to encircle and contain India. It is well worth remembering that India and China are competitors for the energy resources found in the Middle East.

India has to be careful; the world has to be careful. China’s assistance to Pakistan and China’s world-wide activities raise concerns. Furthermore, China’s policies currently, and for the foreseeable future, are determined not by the people of China but by its ruling ideologues. It is a warning signal not to be ignored.

As to Pakistan, it may never permit a resolution of the Kashmir issue. Pakistan remains a threat to the stability of South Asia. This is clearly one more geopolitical problem that the Institute must address.

On India’s northeastern flank, Nepal poses a significant challenge to India’s foreign policy. Nepal is the only Hindu kingdom in the world. It is facing immense challenges. In 1996, the Maoist political party unleashed an armed revolt that has claimed 13,000 lives. Since then, the monarch was ousted and the economy battered. Maoists in the hill districts control a large segment of the population. Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala and his government are seeking a solution to this problem. Meanwhile, the situation of the monarchy and the place of democracy in Nepal remain uncertain.

What steps should India take? How can India best help Nepal resolve its internal problems? One thing is clear, until the conflicts and controversies in India’s own neighbourhood are resolved, India’s path forward remains uncertain. The Institute should undertake an in-depth and ongoing analysis of this situation.

The United States and India now have a special relationship. These two democracies have similar, open, civil societies in which fundamental rights, a vigilant court system, freedom of faith, and equality of opportunity are all guaranteed. Since the end of the Cold War, and after 9/11, these two giants are coming together. They have to develop a genuine alliance to advance their mutual prosperity, to fight against terrorism, and to usher in a new era of global peace. The momentum for friendship and co-operation should continue based on mutual respect and knowledge. As one Western scholar has stated: A strategic alliance (between the United States and India) must rest on strong, enduring, and shared interests and friendships: there must be a degree of trust and coming together of goals between the strategic elites of both states.

The Institute could play a vital role in advancing these objectives.

Now I would comment on India’s emerging relations with Russia, the Europeans, Israel, and the Middle East and how those relations reinforce one another or potentially undermine future connections. The international arena is complex and choices have to be made based on common or competing commercial interests, compatible security interests, and a shared vision of the future. Such connections require constant review and analysis, which the Institute will provide.

In view of her changed status in the world economy and in world affairs, what new role should India play in regional and international organisations such as United Nations and the Security Council? India has to assert her vision, consistent with her interests and position in world affairs.

Global warming is now recognised as a geopolitical issue. For instance, the DCDC Global Strategic Trends Programme, 2007-2036—a United Kingdom Ministry of Defence document—highlights the probable geopolitical significance of climate change for the availability of water resources, a decline in available crops, the oceanic inundation of the coastline, etc.

The latest UN Panel Report on climate change forecasts that India would be amongst the countries most affected by rising temperatures. The magazine India Today, in its issue of April 23, 2007, presents a dreadful picture. The study predicts that over the course of the 21st century the following may occur:

1. Mumbai’s Nariman Point will be submerged.
2. About 40 per cent of Himalayan glaciers will vanish.
3. Ganga delta will turn infertile.
4. Around 25 per cent wildlife will perish.
5. Food and water shortages will be the norm.
6. Dengue and cholera will spread.

Although the science of climate change may not be exact, it is critical that India, other governments, and this Institute seriously consider the impact of climate change. This should be done for the sake of the citizens of India and the world population.

In conclusion, India’s eminence and continued survival have been based upon its value system. Any effort to destroy this value system would hurt India. Western civilization, while interacting with India, has to be cognizant that India’s life blood is its culture. India should never allow its heritage to be undermined. Without these values, India would be rudderless. This would be disastrous for India and the world.

Acquiring economic power is surely important but India has always to remember its vision of the world. India must provide moral leadership to the world. For example, India has to redefine the meaning of “globalisation” to make its benefits more equitable. The world should be considered a family, not just a market. As the Vedas proclaimed thousands of years ago, “Vasudhaiva kutumbkum”—The world is one family.”


(The writer is former Indian Ambassador-at-Large and Senior Advisor, Institute for the Geopolitics of India.)

Violation Of Tribal Right Cause For Naxalism

By Team Mangalorean

MANGALORE, July 22, 2007: Is violation of tribal rights responsible for the proliferation of the naxalite movement in the Kudremukh National Park (KNP) area?

This is the question that is now being debated in several circles. While conservationists say a firm "No", tribal leaders and some NGOs backing them are of a different opinion. But both of them agree that the tribal people are in the thick of a social problem, for which solution cannot be found through violence.

The KNP, which is spread over 65,000 hectares in four districts, is home to around 1,200 tribal families who have been living inside the national park before 1972 when the Wildlife (Protection) Act was passed by Parliament. Most of them have title deeds and some of them also own revenue land. However, there are a few people who have encroached on forest land after 1972.

President of the Dakshina Kannada Parisaraskta Okkuta, Ranjan Rao Yerdoor, claims that officials of the Forest Department are harassing the tribal people. Mr. Yerdoor points out that now, some youth have joined hands with "undesirable" elements.

He says that the eviction of tribal people from the national park should necessarily have a "human face", and should aim at inspiring a natural self-eviction process among the tribal people.

Nagarika Seva Trust, an NGO working in the field of tribal welfare, is also of the opinion that the naxalite movement in the KNP is a result of the social problem faced by tribal people.

The president of the trust, Somanatha Nayak, says that the government scheme to start 10 rehabilitation camps for tribal people and the Rs. 60-crore rehabilitation package for them are not solutions to the problems plaguing tribal people.

He says that evicting tribal people and accommodating them in urban areas will only aggravate their problems. Instead, the Government should encourage them to live inside the forest as they know how to protect their surroundings, he says.

On the other hand, the conservationists argue that the Joint Forest Planning and Management programme (JFPM) is one of the best methods of keeping undesirable elements out of national parks and reserved forests. But they lament that over the years, the JFPM programme has lost its appeal. They recall that a coalition of activists and scholars was responsible for ensuring that the concept of people's participation was incorporated into the project. Subsequently, the JFPM was also incorporated into the Eastern Plains Forestry project covering 17 districts in the State and executed with a loan from Japan. However, all the funding has gone into running various programmes except those on tribal welfare, they say.

Sometime ago, a seminar was organised by the trust and Jana-Aranya Vedike on "National parks and tribal rights," which was addressed by several intellectuals, thinkers, and sociologists. The speakers observed that while tribal people were made refugees, permission was granted to a leading group to construct a hotel within the Nagarhole National Park. They also observed that 10,000 hectares of land was leased out to the Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Ltd. within the KNP to carry out mining.

Related News

Naxal leader killed in AP

Special Correspondent

ONGOLE: Following a gun battle between the police and Maoists at Rachakonda vagu in Pullalacheruvu mandal of Prakasam district on Sunday evening, an important leader, Kiran, was killed.

Nallamala Forest Divisional Committee (NFDC) secretary Sagar and two other naxals who were injured, escaped during the encounter.

Police have intensified combing in the Nallamala forest to prevent Maoists from resorting to tactical counter offensive campaign (TCOC) ahead of the ‘martyrs week’ they are observing from July 28.

Exchange of fire

A special police party encountered a team of about 10 naxals at Rachakonda vagu and exchanged fire for half an hour. After the cessation of fire, police found the body of a naxalite and recovered a .303 rifle.

Two women naxalites surrendered to the police giving away their tapanchas. Police identified the slain naxal as Kiran, deputy commander of special guerilla squad operating in Guntur district, who carried a reward of Rs. 50,000 on his head.

Sunday, July 22, 2007

Man hacked to death, Maoist role alleged

Statesman News Service

KRISHNAGAR, July. 20: An elderly man was hacked to death by a group of unidentified assailants when he was returning to his house along the village road at Bishnunagar in Nadia’s Dhubulia police station area around 7.30 yesterday night.
The victim, Bharat Ghosh (60), was alone on the road for about half-an-hour. The Dhubulia police, on hearing a commotion, rushed to the spot and took him to the Saktinagar District Hospital in a serious condition. Later, he succumbed to the injuries.
The reason behind the murder has not yet been ascertained by the police. The local CPI-M workers alleged that the Naxalite group, CPI (M-L) Liberation, had killed the elderly man for the sake of vengeance. The victim’s wife, Mrs Sandhya Ghosh, has lodged an FIR with the Dhubulia police against seven Liberation activists in connection with the murder.
On 16 July, a 25-year-old CPI(M-L) Liberation worker, Laltu Ghosh, was shot dead allegedly by a group of CPI-M workers over a trivial matter. When the victim was walking down a village road past the house of the CPI-M leader Mr Babulal Ghosh towards his farmland in the early morning, CPI-M workers hurled bombs at him from Babulal’s house and as he slumped down onto the road, they fired at least three rounds at him. The victim was taken to the Saktinagar district hospital where he died later.
On the basis of the FIR lodged by the victim’s mother Mrs Suchitra Ghosh against nine persons, the Dhubulia police have arrested two, while the prime accused Mr Babulal Ghosh is still absconding.
Mr Subimal Sengupta, the state committee leader of the Liberation alleged that the CPI-M planned to frame our activists by murdering an innocent elderly person. Mr Bharat Ghosh had no political identity, but his guilt was that he was a relative of the CPI-M leader Mr Babulal Ghosh. After the murder of our activist Mr Laltu Ghosh, the CPI-M leaders felt that if they committed a murder then it would be treated as a case of retaliation of the previous murder, and our activists would be in the police custody.
The investigating Dhubulia police officers said that “we are still confused as to why an innocent person has been murdered. Apparently, it seemed to be a retaliation case, but we are probing into the matter.”
When contacted, the superintendent of police Mr Hari Kishore Kusumakar said, “though the victim had no political identity, his murder is a case of retaliation. I hope that the accused would soon be arrested. A police picket has been posted in the village, since after the murder of Laltu Ghosh on 16 July. All the male members of the village are staying elsewhere, following the crime. No senior district CPI-M leaders were available for comment.

Eight kidnappers arrested

User Rating: / 0 Sunday, 22 July 2007

Nalgonda, Juyl 22: The Suryapet police have busted an eight-member gang allegedly involved in the kidnap of a businessman and his wife and recovered Rs.15.5 lakhs, jewellery worth Rs.30 lakh, an Italy-made pistol and some fake currency on Saturday.

The Inspector-General of Police Anuradha told reporters at Suryapet that the kingpin of the gang Konakalla Suresh, 32, a life convict, belonging to Koyalagudem of West Godavari district, had escaped from the police custody at Tanuku on November 11, 2006, and had since been absconding. A former head constable Sarvi Venkanna, 42, of Thorur in Warangal district was also nabbed.

The other accused persons were: Kusangi Upender, 24, of Venkatapurm in Khammam district, Narsingam Sudhakar, 25, of Chervu Madharam of Shaligouraram mandal in Nalgonda district, Mohd Abdul Yasin, 25, of Chaitanyapuri Colony in Kothapet, Hyderabd, Vallakari Rajesh, 30, of Lingala in Krishna District, Ram Srinivas, 30, of Hanumakonda in Warangal district and Mundeda Ram Dev, 40, of Mahaboobad.

Ransom demanded

According to an agreement between Venkanna and Ramdev, the gang led by Suresh intercepted the car of a merchant, Shyam Mahesh of Guntur, at Koyyalagudem in a filmy style and kidnapped the couple. They demanded a ransom of Rs. 3 crores and finally settled for Rs. 27 lakhs. Suresh gang told the victims that they belonged to a naxalite group.

As per the deal, the merchant arranged the amount but later approached the Guntur police.

Meanwhile, a police team led by Suryapet Circle Inspector M. Tirupatanna intercepted their car at Beebigudem and took five of them into its custody. The IG announced a cash reward of Rs.25,000 for the team that nabbed the gang.

Pseudo naxals arrested

User Rating: / 0 Sunday, 22 July 2007

Hyderabad, Juyl 22: The City Police on Saturday arrested three persons who were allegedly forcibly collecting money from people claiming themselves to be naxalites. An air pistol was seized from the arrested Isthari Venu, 37, I. Yakaiah, 38, and R. Venkanna, 30, according to a press release.

On a tip-off, the Commissioner’s Task Force (central) sleuths picked them up from near Paradise circle in Secunderabad. The trio confessed to police that they, along with two other associates, had extorted Rs. 21,000 from two persons in Nalgonda district.

Were the visitors really Naxals?'

Ujire, July 22: Several doubts and rumours over the visit of Naxals to the house of Chandrashekhar Gore in Hatyadka, have been spreading like a wild fire, on Friday as well.

Investigation regarding the incident is on progress.

Especially the residents coming under Kudremukh National Park area are spending apprehensive moments since Thursday. According to one Krishnappa Gowda from Kokkada, the effect of the news is such that women and children fear to come out of their homes even in the day time.

Dr Mohandas Gowda, a local physician said the beedi workers too hesitate to carry their produce to the beedi collection centres, and hence the movement of public too has been reduced in Kokkada, a village adjacent to Hatyadka.

People who usually opt to walk for kms together in this rural area, are now depending on autorickshwas for small stretches too. All have become the messengers to spread the rumours one after another, another localite pointed out.

The villagers are now busy in guessing reasons for the sighting of Naxals, while some of them still doubt whether the 3 who visited Gore’s house in the early hours of Thursday were Naxals or not. Some localites felt that the local Gram Panchayat president had some rift regarding the site reserved for Hindu crematory, and his opponents might have created the scene in the name of Naxals.

Recent incidents of some people in disguise threatening a female pedestrian; two strangers who came on a bike to Kokkada and enquired about the poverty of the area- have caused doubts among the localites.

Usually Naxalites scribble something in red letters, but the graffiti left on Gore’s house is in black. Though there are many financially sound families in the area, why the 3 opted a comparatively poor Gore- are the major doubts among the villagers. Besides, the Naxals have not left any identity in the place, nor even any pamphlets, which they usually leave.

However, it can be remembered here that Gore himself had admitted on Thursday that the strangers came forward to give something in cover, but he refused to accept that.

Inspector General of Police (Western Range) A M Prasad visited the house of Gore on Friday and personally quickened the investigations. Gore has told the IGP that he can identify the lady member of the troupe if her photo is shown.

Puttur ASP Dr Harsha and ANF SP Subhash Gudamani accompanied Prasad. The IGP told reporters that the reality about the incident would be unearthed within a few days. He also visited Venur police station and asked the police to be in total alert.

Police recover huge quantity of explosives in Dhanbad

From our ANI Correspondent

Dhanbad, July 21: Police on Saturday recovered 12,000 gelatine sticks from Jharkhand's Dhanbad District.

The explosives were recovered from a mini-truck as it was being transported to an unknown location.

Acting on a tip off, police intercepted the vehicle and recovered huge quantity of explosives hidden in tea bags.

The driver of the vehicle managed to escape.

Police said they were investigating into the matter, though they raised doubts that the explosives were meant for the Naxals active in the State.

"There were explosives in these eighteen sacks. It is used for planting land mines by terrorists, meant for blasts or carrying out attacks. The way it was being transported, hidden in tea bags, it is clear that it would have been misused," said Dhanbad Superintendent of Police, Sheetal Oraon.

Security has been tightened in the State following the seizure of the explosives.


March of the Red army

Indian Express
Vinay Jha

Posted online: Sunday, July 22, 2007 at 0000 hrs

Earlier this year, top leaders of the Communist Party of India (Maoist) gathered in a secured enclave along the Jharkhand-Orissa border and drew up a list of what they planned to do over the next few months. Six months down the line, party members seem to be doing exactly that, in a manner that is chilling and is as good an indicator as any about how the Naxal cadre operates.

That occasion was the 9th Congress of Maoists. The message that went out was clear. While they continued with their existing agenda of armed struggle, mega projects–including steel and bauxite projects in Orissa, Chhattisgarh and Andhra Pradesh–and Special Economic Zones (SEZs) planned in other regions had to be ‘‘resisted’’ since they were leading to ‘‘massive displacement and marginalisation’’ of the Adivasis and farmers. The result of the call: a major mobilisation exercise to increase the numbers Naxalites and establish a presence in areas where they had till now been inactive; sourcing of arms and a 48-hour economic blockade last month that paralysed life in many parts of Chhatisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal.

The latest intelligence inputs suggest that left extremists have managed footholds around cities and industrial hubs in Haryana, Punjab and Delhi. Parts of Uttar Pradesh–particularly Sonebhadra and Mirzapur–and Uttarakhand have also reported the presence of Naxalites. And their influence in the south no longer ends at the borders of Andhra Pradesh; Karanataka and Tamil Nadu too are now waking up to the threat.

The red footprint: 185 districts in 16 states across the country.

‘‘They are now present wherever an industrial or development project is coming up. After all, their strength lies in exploiting the sentiments of people in areas that are underdeveloped, so they want to resist all kinds of development,’’ a senior police officer involved in tracking the Maoists said.

It is not as if the Centre is not aware of the new development. A meeting held in New Delhi in April saw senior officials from these states being ‘‘sensitised’’ to the threat. ‘‘We asked them to be watchful and asked them to be prepared in view of the pattern seen in Naxal-affected states in the past,’’ said Vinay Kumar, Additional Secretary (Naxal Management) in the Union Home Ministry.

Officials are also aware of the Naxal’s new strategy of targeting communication, transportation, railway and other essential services. But as the 48-hour economic blockade showed, the security forces could find it hard to counter these new tactics. After all, it is almost impossible to guard every inch of power or communication lines.

Where they are not inflicting major damage, they are busy consolidating. Chhattisgarh has taken the brunt of recent attacks. The state Government feels this is a sign of success and an indication that the Naxalites are feeling the pressure. The Centre maintains that the sharp rise in incidents in the state is indeed the result of this. In Orissa, where Naxalites have had a presence for many years now, the state Government wants to raise the number of ‘‘Naxal-affected districts’’ from the nine identified in 2003 to 14. The new areas where Naxal activities are now prevalent include Deogarh, Sambalpur, Kandhamal, Jajpur and Dhenkanal, essentially regions that are either witnessing development or fall within the so-called Red Corridor that is supposed to run from ‘‘Pashupati to Tirupati’’, referring to the swathe that cuts through forests from the Nepal border to Andhra Pradesh-Tamil Nadu.

Orissa Director General of Police A Patnaik, however, maintains that the situation is under control. ‘‘The number of incidents have gone up this year but the instances of violence have not,’’ he says, that the figures were low compared to those obtaining in neighbouring states, particularly Chhattisgarh.

In fact, the warning bells had begun sounding well before the 9th Congress. Figures put out by the Union Home Ministry tell the story.
Consider this.
The total number of security forces personnel killed in Naxalite violence in the past two years was more than those killed in Jammu and Kashmir or even the Northeast during the same period.
The number of civilians killed in Naxalite violence is far more than in insurgency-hit Jammu and Kashmir. The civilian figure in the Northeast is marginally up till March 31, 2007.
Yet, the total number of Naxalites killed by the security forces is far less than the number of terrorists or militants killed in the Northeast and Jammu & Kashmir.

The Centre’s response: a multi-layered mechanism. So one has an empowered group of ministers (EGOM) headed by Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil; a standing committee of chief ministers of Naxal-affected states, again headed by Patil; a Coordination Centre headed by the Union Home Secretary and comprising chief secretaries and DGPs of 13 affected states; a Task Force headed by the Special Secretary (Internal Security) in the Union Home Ministry; and an Inter-Ministerial Group (IMG) headed by Additional Secretary (Naxal Management) in the Union Home Ministry.

In real terms, the Centre has the Security Related Expenditure scheme, under which it reimburses expenses incurred by states in strengthening and modernising their police force, including improving the equipment. Over Rs 100 crore have been spent on this so far but there is concern over improper utilisation, particularly in states like Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh. The Centre has also been helping in raising India Reserve Battalions.

On the development front, there is the Backward Districts Initiative under which over Rs 1,700 crore has been spent and the Backward Regions Grant Fund programme.

The Centre maintains that it is up to the states to tackle the situation on the ground. ‘‘Law and order is after all a state subject. We are providing all the assistance we can,’’ a senior official says.

But as a top official of the ministry pointed out recently, ‘‘It’s a long haul.’’