Saturday, June 28, 2008

Morale-boosting sops for cops taking on Naxals

Saturday June 28 2008 08:26 IST
Express News Service

CUTTACK: With morale low and pushed into a confrontation with the better armed Maoists, the cops will have something to feel cheerful about. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik on Friday announced a slew of incentives for the police fighting Maoists. For its part, with elections in the air, the Government feels the incentives will help keep a restive police force in good humour.

Addressing the extraordinary conference of Orissa Police Association and the annual body meeting of the Confederation of Havildars, Constables and Sepoys here, Naveen announced a hike in risk allowance for police personnel working in the Special Operations Group (SOG) by 50 to 60 per cent.

He also announced a special diet allowance, raised the kit maintenance allowance and introduced training allowance. Police personnel posted at special branch, crime branch and Human Rights Protection Cell (HRPC) will get an incentive allowance of 15 per cent.

Naveen said in cases of compassionate appointments arising out of death of cops fighting Naxals, the DGP will now be empowered to condone measurements in height and chest. Besides, family members of all police personnel killed during Naxalite duties will now be allowed to retain accommodation for five years.

The diet allowance for inspectors and officers of equivalent ranks will be Rs 550, for sub-inspectors and officers of equivalent rank Rs 450, while for assistant subinspectors it will be Rs 350 per month.

Havildars and equivalent ranks will be given an enhanced special diet allowance of Rs 300 per month besides Rs 350 they used to get earlier. All constables and sepoys will get Rs 275 per month besides Rs 350 they were getting earlier. All follower staff will get diet allowance of Rs 225 per month. Assistant sub-inspectors will also be given rank allowance of Rs 150 per month.


The incentives

Govt announces a special diet allowance, raises kit maintenance allowance, introduces training allowance.

Risk allowance for SOG forces goes up to 60 pc.

Compassionate appointments would be made easier.

Special diet allowance

Rs 550 per month for inspectors.

Rs 450 for sub-inspectors.

Rs 350 for ASIs.

Rs 300 for havildars and others.

Cops posted at special branch, crime branch and Human Rights Protection Cell will get an incentive.

Naxal attack likely on CRPF’s Rampur centre

Sanjay Singh
Posted online: Saturday , June 28, 2008 at 02:54:50
Updated: Saturday , June 28, 2008 at 02:54:50

Lucknow, June 27 The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) centre in Rampur, which was attacked by terrorists on New Year’s eve, is now a target of Red Terror.
At a recent meeting in Jharkhand, Maoists discussed their plan to attack various security establishments to loot weapons.

Rampur’s CRPF centre, which houses the Central Weapon Stores (CWS) is an obvious target: this was the input a Jharkhand-based CRPF unit received.

“The meeting was held by the top Maoists, including Navin Manjhi. As the Maoists have expanded their base in new areas, it has become difficult for them to provide weapons to their armed squads. So they want to repeat their February heist at Orissa’s Nayagarh, in which arms and ammunition were taken from the police training college armory,” a CRPF official said.

According to him, the Naxalites also discussed the escape route — to Nepal via Pilbhit, which is adjacent to Rampur.

“There are only two CWSs in the country — in Rampur and Pune. If they succeed in looting weapon from Rampur, it will also badly damage the morale of the security forces fighting against Naxalism,” said a CRPF official.

The CRPF Inspector-General Karmvir Singh confirmed that precautionary measures have already been taken.

“Rampur’s name had figured in the intercept. So we have alerted the authorities concerned, besides giving direction to officers at Rampur to enhance security measures,” Singh told The Indian Express.

He, however, refused to give details regarding the intercept.

Rampur Superintendent of Police Vir Bahadur Singh said the CRPF authorities had informed him about the possibility of a Maoist attack.

“But the information is of routine type. Still, I have alerted police stations to keep a watch on the movement of new people in their areas.” Reports from Rampur said villages near the CRPF centre are under close watch. Both the District Magistrate and the SP had met the CRPF authorities and discussed security measures.

Remarkably, Naxal activities are virtually nil in Rampur and its adjacent parts. “As the Nepal border is close, this is not far from the Red Zone,” he said.

Friday, June 27, 2008

Senior Maoist leader arrested

Sheohar (PTI): A senior CPI (Maoist) leader Devendra Sahni alias Ratnakar has been arrested from a Naxalite hideout in Bihar's Sheohar district, police said on wednesday.

Sahni, treasurer of the banned outfit's North Bihar committee, was arrested late Tuesday night when, acting on specific information, a police team raided the hideout at Lakhminia village under Shyampur-Bhatta police station.

While other Maoist ultras managed to flee taking advantage of darkness, Sahni was caught, sub-divisional police officer Vinod Kumar Mishra said,

Police seized Rs 10,500 in cash that the arrested Naxalite leader was carrying, he said.

Sahni was being interrogated.

Health, education priority in red zone


Vandana Dadel at her new office. Picture by Shahnawaz Akhtar
Giridih, June 26: In this rebel-hit district, health and education would be her primary goals, asserted the 30th Giridih deputy commissioner, Vandana Dadel.

The new deputy commissioner, who recently took charge, told reporters today that health and education would be her priority because these are basic to infrastructure at the grassroots. “Administrative work is to execute government plans and my priority would be health and education,” she said.

Dadel belongs to the 1996 batch of Indian Administrative Service and is the first direct IAS that Giridih has received in three years. Before this, she has served as the deputy commissioner of East Singhbhum, Seraikela and Sahebgunj. She has also served as director of primary education in social education for rural development.

The present incumbent is the second woman to be the Giridih deputy commissioner, the first being Sujata Chaturvedi in 1997.

“Apart from health and education, I want to ensure that the programmes under National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme are being implemented,” she said.

“In a Naxalite-hit district such as Giridih we need to work closely with the police department for smoother execution of government plans. We also need special planning to execute plans more effectively,” said the official.

“As it’s my first time in a rebel-hit district, it would be a challenge to complete all works pending for long because of rebel problems on time,” Dadel said.

Poster war against Maoist extremism


The anti-rebel poster of Bokaro police. Picture by Pankaj Singh

Bokaro, June 26: Police are gearing up to give Naxalites a reply in their own coin. The law-enforcers have started an anti-rebel propaganda war in red zones of the district.

The force is putting up banners and poster that show how Maoists were torturing and killing innocent villagers. The other “misdeeds” of the rebels include misappropriation of levy, using the funds for selfish purposes, senior rebels having affairs with new recruits when they have wives at home.

Bokaro superintendent of police Priya Dubey said the propaganda war is aimed at tackling Maoists, who shower “baseless allegations” against the police.

“After seeing these posters, people will realise how the Maoists have stopped development works and have become common criminals,” said Dubey.

These posters have been pasted in rebel bastions such as Gomia, Nawadih, Jhumra, Bokaro thermal, Petarwar and Kasmar, among others.

The move is in reply to Naxalites’ propaganda against officers such as Anil Palta, Pramod Singh, Deepak Verma, P.K. Mishra, Vijay Kumar — with posters, banners and bills showing them as anti-poor and pro-bourgeoisie.

The police have also pasted wanted posters of top Naxalite commanders, asking people to inform them if these people are seen in the area. The posted have phone numbers — 06542-242266 and 06542-242299 — to contact the police and assure anonymity and reward to informers.

Dubey said she was confident the step would fetch positive results. “It is duty of the people to help the police to maintain law and order and arrest Naxalites, who are bent upon creating lawlessness for fulfilment of selfish motives,” she added.

Western firms vying to sell combat vehicles to India

Posted online: Tuesday , June 24, 2008 at 12:53:13
Updated: Tuesday , June 24, 2008 at 12:53:13

Paris, June 24: Leading Western armament companies are vying with each other to grab a USD two billion tender for the supply of mine protected combat vehicles to Indian armed forces for its anti-insurgency operations.

Drawing upon the experience and needs of forces engaged in combat zones Afghanistan and Iraq, leading American and Western defence companies are now coming up with more and more advanced surveillance systems for protection of combatants in battle against terrorists.

Western experts said that India would issue global tenders for 1,500 such vehicles within a month and western companies were ready to team up with Indian companies for this order.

“This is just an initial order. The demand of Indian security forces could run up to few thousands of such vehicles,” they said in Paris.

Leading armament companies are each month churning out new devices in the battle against terrorism, which in turn could have major technology spin-offs for India, also engaged in major anti-insurgency campaign.

The market for such systems for the west, has been estimated to run into billions of dollars as US and NATO forces face threats like land mine blasts, suicide bombers and need for greater mobility in the battle against terrorists.

And western companies foresee an equally big market also worth more than five billion dollars for such equipment for Indian security forces in the coming years.

With such a heavy demand, the companies are now hitting the market, with more and more advanced mobile mine detectors, mine resistant combat vehicles and highly mobile battle vehicles to carry out surprise hit and run raids against terrorists.

French armour company, Nexter, has just launched a multi-purpose counter-mine vehicle SUVIM, which it claims can blast any type of mine.

SUVIM, the company officials said, had been launched for protection of French forces now operating in Afghanistan and can clear improvised explosive devices, infra-red mines, pressure mines, anti-personnel mines, as well as magnetic mines.

With eight to 10 feet tires, the new mobile mine sweepers have the capability of jumping around even anti-tank mines, which can be defused by specialised trailers it carries.

The vehicles are to be used by the French forces to open routes of military convoy for as long as 200 km in 24 hours and is seen as ideal for road opening for army convoys in Jammu and Kashmir, a task which is currently undertaken manually or with the help of specialised sniffer dogs.

“These vehicles are competitively priced,” a top Nexter official told visiting Indian journalists at the just concluded Eurosatory-2008 Land Combat Exhibition in Paris.

Nexter is ready for total technology transfer and production of these vehicles in India, which has already been introduced to the French forces.

Another breakthrough by the company is a 4x4 ARAVIS multipurpose heavily protected vehicles, for use against terrorists in thick jungle areas.

The new vehicles, company officials said, had for the first time in the world been tested to withstand even 50-kg TNT blasts and capability to defeat even 155-mm artillery blast all around it.

ARAVIS also claims that it can withstand even 10-kg mine blast under the belly and wheels and appears to be an ideal weapon for Indian security forces battling Naxals in Central India.

“The vehicles have SAFEPRO armoured technology that can defeat combined effects of blasts and fragments generated by both lethal IED mines and AP carbide heavy machine gun bullets.

The vehicles can carry upto eight combat troops and can be air transported by C-130J aircraft.

Most of the American and European companies have also come up with highly mobile mine protected 8x8 super mobility troop carriers, which Indian forces have been seeking.

PUNE : Bangladesh connection: City’s terror links emerge yet again

Chandan Haygunde
Posted online: Wednesday, June 25, 2008 at 10:26:12
Updated: Wednesday, June 25, 2008 at 10:26:12

Pune June 24 Contrary to public perception, Pune and terror are no strangers, with the first reported incident traced to 1986 - the assassination of General Arun Kumar Vaidya. Over the next two decades, the city’s terror links have blown hot and cold, whether it be the banned outfit Student Islamic Movement of India (SIMI), Pakistan’s Inter Services Intelligence or top naxals such as Kuru alias Amar Devender who was arrested in Pune last year, eliciting the response from Y Gangadhar, Superintendent of Police in Andhra Pradesh that “Ultras like Amar prefer to stay in Pune for maintaining anonymity.”

But the latest threat that Pune is facing is from Bangladesh. Since 2005, the district has witnessed the arrests of no less than 50 Bangladeshi intruders. The situation is alarming say intelligence agencies. The cycle blasts, that killed over 60 people in Jaipur last month, had pointed at the involvement of Harkatul Jihadi Islamia (HUJI), a Bangladesh-based militant group. And some of the suspects were working in construction firms.

“Considering the real estate boom in Pune we suspect a major flow of intruders from Bangladesh into the city. Initially the intruders come for work at construction sites, hotels and kiosks but later many of them get involved in fake currency rackets and flesh trade, money made from which is used by the terrorist organisations,” said an intelligence agency official. Now the fear is that terrorist outfits may use some of these intruders for spying and planning mass destruction activities.

Raghunath Khaire, Deputy Commissioner of Police (special branch), Pune said that his team is gathering intelligence about the intruders and the information about those who are arrested is being passed on to the Border Security Force. “We had repeatedly appealed the citizens to inform the police about the tenants who are new in the area. But the response has been poor,” he said.

A Bangladeshi intruder who was recently arrested told The Indian Express that it needs a mere Rs 3,000 for crossing the border and come to Pune.

Badal alias Thandu Himayat Shaikh (25) of Nodail district in Bangladesh and four more intruders including a woman were arrested by arrested by the Faraskhana police on June 16 at a brothel in Budhwar Peth with two minor girls, also from Bangladesh.

“We paid a bribe of Rs 1,400 per head to a Bangladeshi agent and Rs 900 to the security personnel on the Indo- Bangladesh border in West Bengal. I had come to Pune two years back with a group of labourers in Kolkata and worked on a construction site of a private company in Ghorpadi (a defence area),” he said.

Hemant Karkare, chief of state ATS said that the counterfeit currency racket that was earlier operated from Pakistan, has now shifted to Bangladesh for various reasons. “Pune is a city with huge floating population, educational facilities and increasing job opportunities. So, the existence of terrorist outfits here cannot be ruled out. And that is the reason we have an ATS unit in Pune,” he said.

Meanwhile, police sources said that counterfeit notes worth Rs 25 lakh have been seized in Pune and Mumbai in the last few months and the roots have been traced to Bangladesh.

Corroborating this, an intelligence agency officer said, “Cities like Pune, where banking and trade is flourishing, is certainly on their list.”

Terror and the city
1986:Retired Army General Arun Kumar Vaidya assassinated in Pune

2002:Three city youth with suspected LeT links nabbed for Mulund blasts
2006:Sohail Shaikh of Pune, a suspected SIMI activist, arrested by the ATS in connected with 7/11 blasts
2007:ISI agent Vishalkumar Upadhaya of Jharkhand, an engineering student in a city college arrested
2008:Ex-jawan Shailesh Jadhav of Satara arrested in Pune for his alleged links with ISI
2008:Pak spy Desai first arrested in 1999 held at Kolkatta after fleeing from Pune with a list of about 77 Yerwada jail inmates he was considering as potential ISI recruits

Maoists begin protest week in Odisha

KalingaTimes Correspondent
Bhubaneswar, June 26: Normal life has been affected in the tribal-dominated backward Malkangiri, Koraput and Rayagada districts of Odisha with the Maoists observing Anti-repression Week beginning Thursday morning.

In many interior areas both passenger buses and commercial vehicles have remained off the road causing inconvenience for the general public.

In Malkangiri, the Maoists have blocked roads at several locations by felling trees during night time thereby preventing heavy vehicles. However, no untoward incident was reported from the region till 1 pm, police said.

The Maoists are observing the anti-repression week to register their protest against alleged police action against tribals and innocent people who were raising voice against exploitation.

The extremists have distributed leaflets in many areas protesting killing of several `innocent people' at the hands of security personnel, and police excesses in interior pockets of Malkangiri, Koraput and Gajapati districts.

Reports also indicated that the extremists have distributed leaflets in some pockets of Kandhamal district that were adjacent to Gajapati district.

The Maoists are also demanding release of around 170 persons who had been arrested in the name of Maoists. They are also demanding lifting of the government ban on seven pro-naxal outfits in the state.

The government should focus on developmental work than engaging itself in repressing the voiceless tribals, the extremists have said in their leaflets.

The administration has taken extra measures to cope with the situation. Additional forces have been deployed in sensitive areas to foil any extremist attack during the week. Combing operations have also been intensified in the region to keep the Maoists at bay.

However, reports suggest that fear of the Maoists continues to dominate the minds of the people as the extremists were spreading their activities in the region in the recent months and the administration had not been successful to contain the problem.

Bihar polishes its roads to chase Naxals

Press Trust of India
Wednesday, June 25, 2008 (New Delhi)
Police chasing Naxals in Bihar may have better mobility if the Centre accepts the state government's demand for sanction of special funds for strengthening and widening of roads in the affected areas.

With bad roads in Bihar coming in the way of police operations against naxalites, the state's road construction minister Prem Kumar has made a strong demand to the Centre to upgrade some state highways into national highways.

The demand was made by him at a conference of ministers-in-charge of highways here yesterday, a state government spokesman said on Tuesday.

Kumar said widening of two-lane roads would cost about one crore per km and thus the state will need Rs 1150 crores for the purpose.

Naxal violence is on the rise in Bihar and the state witnessed 135 incidents in 2007 leaving 67 persons dead, compared to 107 incidents in 2006 when the casualty figure was 45.

Out of 834 police stations in the state, 71 are affected by Maoist violence, as per latest data available with the Union Home Ministry.

Kumar said 105-km NH-2C (Dehri-Akbarpur-Jagnnathpur- Jardag), 20-km NH-99 (Dobhi to Jharkhand border) and 90-km NH-110 (Biharsharif-Ekangarsarai-Jehanabad-Arwal) have been declared Naxal-affected highways.

He said without special funds road communication could not be improved and suggested taking help from World Bank or Asian Development Bank (ADB). Kumar also demanded that all state capitals should be connected with different cities through an Expressway.

Poor rehab hits naxal surrender policy

25 Jun 2008, 0352 hrs IST,TNN

NAGPUR: Lack of coordination among various state agencies has hit the rehabilitation of surrendered Naxalites in Gadchiroli district of Maharashtra, a top police official has said.

Launched in 2005, the much-publicised Naxal surrender policy has been successful to a limited extent. The policy has weaned away several youths from unlawful activities.

But poor implementation of various rehabilitation measures to bring outlawed extremists into mainstream has virtually defeated it. "The progress of entire (rehabilitation) process is quite slow,” said additional director general of police (anti-Naxal operations) Pankaj Gupta.

Since August 2005, 282 naxalites have surrendered in the state. About 118 naxalites gave up arms January and May this year. However, only 18 of them have been rehabilitated so far, said Gupta.

Police try to convince naxalites to give up arms and offer and necessary help in earning a livelihood. The focus is on providing them financial assistance for initiating self-employment in fields like dairy, fisheries, farming, horticulture, transport and tailoring.

The state government has spent over Rs 1.32 crore on giving cash awards to surrendered naxalites.

Two traders killed in Orissa by Maoists

The Maoist violence continues unabated. In a recent incident a landlord was shot dead by the Naxals in Orissa. The ultras have given a bandh call on June 24 in protest against the central and state government's policy to curb the Naxal movement..

CJ: K. Sudhakar Patnaik ,

A LANDLORD, who was also into money lending, of Nilabadi village under Bandhugaon block in Koraput district bordering Andhra Pradesh was shot dead by armed Maoists late night on Sunday (June 22). The deceased has been identified as Balram Sahukar (Sunidhi family).

Nilabadi is few yards from the two camps of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) deployed within the radius of 16 kms to curb Naxal activities. The Maoists warned him four times to return the gold, mortgaged with him, to the tribals. A day before the incident they even pasted posters warning him to return the gold or face the consequence.

On reaching Balaram’s house they asked him to return the gun, which he had, before killing him. He promised to return the gun in a couple of days. The Maoists did not heed to his request and fired two rounds at him.

This is the second incident in 15 days and fifth in Bandhugaon block and adjourning block Narayanapatna police limits in sixth months. About 15 persons, mainly contractors executing the works under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme (NREGP), liquor vendors and jaggiri sellers (Jaggiri is main component for manufacturing liquor) are in the Maoist hit list. Their names have been listed and pasted on walls in their respective villages.

About 30 families from Narayanapatna and Bandhugaon (Sundhi families) have migrated to Andhra Pradesh out of fear. Superintendent of police, Deepak Kumar already intimated them (those who are in the hit list of Maoists) to take precautions as it is not possible to provide security to all.

In an another incident, according the SMS received by this author, Mohan Jaipal, the son of a prominent trader was killed by the Maoists in the early hours of Monday (June 23). The incident occurred at his residence in Raibagh in Jagatsinghpur

more >> district bordering Jharkhand. The Raibagh station is manned by the police officials without arms and ammunition. The arms and ammunition were withdrawn from the police station out of Naxals’ fear, the police sources said.

Now the tension is prevailing in the undivided Koraput district of Orissa, Srikakulam and Visakhapatnam districts of Andhra Pradesh and in the state of Chhattishgarh because of the bandh call given by the Naxals on June 24 in protest against the central and state government’s policy to curb the Naxal movement in their liberated zones

Ranchi police nab three Maoists

From ANI

Ranchi/ Chatra (Jharkhand), June 24: Police in Ranchi have nabbed three Maoists of the Jharkhand Liberation Tigers (JLT) outfit and also recovered arms and ammunition from them on Monday.

"This outfit has been in the news recently for its fanatic activities. Earlier, it was known as the Jharkhand Liberation Tigers (JLT) and now they have changed it to PLFI (People's Liberation Front of India). They have their areas of dominance in Orissa, Bihar and Bengal apart from Jharkhand. Ranchi Police has arrested an important sub-zonal commander of this outfit," said M.S. Bhatia, Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP), Ranchi.

The police also recovered four rifles, one revolver and 300 live cartridges from them.

The JLT is a breakaway group of the mainstream Maoist outfit, the Communist Party of India-Maoist.

Meanwhile, the Maoists have killed two villagers and blown up two buildings in separate incidents in Jharkhand's Chatra District.

Jharkhand along with Chhattisgarh has the maximum incidents of naxal violence and casualty. According to latest figures by the Home Ministry, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh together account for 67.99 per cent of the total incidents and 75.57 per cent of the total casualties.Jharkhand accounted for 157 casualties in 482 incidents in 2007, compared to 124 casualties in 310 incidents of naxal violence in 2006.

Also known as Naxalites, they say they are fighting on behalf of the rural poor and landless and want to build a communist state.

The government has recently taken a new stance on the Maoist insurgency, pulling the affected states together to coordinate their response. It says it will combine improved policing with socio-economic measures to defuse grievances that fuel the Maoist cause.

Copyright Asian News International

Nagpur Police claims to identify teachers as extremists

Sanjay Tiwari
Tuesday, June 24, 2008 (Nagpur)
Educational institutions in Nagpur are once again under the scanner. A few weeks ago, the Nagpur Police had claimed that Naxal groups were recruiting college students.

Now it's turned its radar to college teachers.

It claims to have identified at least 20 SIMI activists posing as teachers and wielding a syllabus of extremism.

Satya Pal Singh, Commissioner, Nagpur Police, said, ''This is going on secretly in some schools. There are some private tuition classes who are also involved. Not just Madrasas or Urdu schools. We have zeroed in on some names which also figure names of two women teachers.''

The Police claims its information is based on intelligence collected from arrested SIMI activists.

But it is a claim that's upset academics in the city, who say the police needs to produce hard evidence before pointing fingers.

Mohammed Naziruddin, a retired Head Master said, ''If policemen have seen such things taking place, they should arrest the culprits and bring them to book. But they should not trivialize a sensitive issue and bring a community to disrepute.''

However, the criticism isn't dampening the spirits of the Nagpur Police who are determined to continue with their surveillance.

Monday, June 23, 2008

Nationalism and sovereignty

By Prafull Goradia

The second great threat to national sovereignty is the communist movement which considers the nation state an instrument of exploitation in the hands of the rich to keep down the poor. The communist manifesto exhorts the workers of the world to unite. The Internationale is the anthem of the movement. While the Left Front rules the three states of Kerala, Tripura and West Bengal, the Maoists are the violent vanguard of Marxism. And they have moved to some 200 or one-third of India’s districts.

Former US Secretary of State Ms Madeleine Albright has lately (Indian Express, June 13 OP-ED) provided an insight into the western mindset about the rest of the world. She was criticising Myanmar for what she thought was putting sovereignty above humanity. The junta at Yangon has accepted aid for its Nargis-hit people on a very limited scale. It has cared more for the security of its power than for the care and comfort of its people. That a leading American could be so ego-centric in her world view is astonishing.

Ms Albright has overlooked that most of Asia and Africa was under the heel of European imperialism for the best part of two centuries. Apart from Japan and Thailand, it is difficult to think of an Asian country which was truly free during that period. Although China was not formally conquered, large tracts of it were harassed and exploited by several powers including her own USA. Does she not realise that fears gathered over, say 200 years, cannot be wiped out in a few decades? Until World War II, in any case, the supremacy of national sovereignty was a universal obsession. Both the world wars were fought on the basis of nationalism.

Thereafter, Europe tired of war, gave up nationalism but its place was taken by the Soviet Union which overran and oppressed most of eastern and central Europe for four decades. The USA was not far behind when it intervened in Korea in 1950, then Lebanon 1958, Vietnam 1960 and so on. Afghanistan and Iraq are the more recent examples. What else but a phantom of an American invasion would first grip an Afro-Asian psyche? The sacredness of national sovereignty would take time to occur to the rulers of many a country. Human costs in terms of the suffering of Nargis-affected thousands would be considered much later. The doctrine of responsibility to protect and the concept of humanitarian intervention, quoted by Ms Albright, would not cut much ice with people who have witnessed so many countries being invaded by the USA over the last 60 years. The Soviet Union has receded from memory since its breakup.

Ms Albright appears to have taken a cue from Europe where many countries have diluted their sovereignty in the light of the human costs incurred due to the clash of nationalisms during the world wars. But that is Europe after the two mega wars wherein the casualties exceeded a hundred million. By the same token, the USA has not diluted any of its sovereignty. On the contrary, Washington has assumed the posture of a super sovereign state which is free to intervene and invade any country at its own free will. Human costs then do not appear to matter! Thousands of its own soldiers have died, not to speak of the lakhs of Afghans and Iraqis who have perished.

Why should the rest of the world change merely because the Soviet Union was collapsing and the Berlin Wall fell? Why should Albright expect an integrated world system free from spheres of influence merely because the two Germanys have come together? In any case, instead of two spheres of influence, isn’t there now a uni-polar world? Be that as it might, we need to return to the relevance of national sovereignty, especially for a country like India.

We are afflicted by two movements which are openly against the idea of national sovereignty. The first is Islam whose followers comprise 15 per cent of India’s population. The Muslim’s first, second and third loyalties are to Allah the Merciful, the Holy Prophet and to the ummah or the world community of his religion. In the words of Maulana Mohamed Ali, the Khilafat movement leader, we (Muslims) are not nationalists but super nationalists, and I as a Muslim say that God made man and Devil made the nation. Ali further said, he belonged to two circles of equal size which are not concentric – one is India and the other is the Muslim world (Gandhi by B.R. Nanda, OUP, page 390). The Khilafat maulanas had insisted and Gandhiji had conceded that the Muslim soldiers of the Indian army would not fight in the event India was invaded by a Muslim army. Early in the 20th century, a Russian inspired Afghan invasion across the Hindukush was considered a live threat. Long before its Pakistan resolution, the Muslim League had endorsed this principle that Muslim will not fight Muslim, no matter whose national he may be.

The second great threat to national sovereignty is the communist movement which considers the nation state an instrument of exploitation in the hands of the rich to keep down the poor. The communist manifesto exhorts the workers of the world to unite. The Internationale is the anthem of the movement. While the Left Front rules the three states of Kerala, Tripura and West Bengal, the Maoists are the violent vanguard of Marxism. And they have moved to some 200 or one-third of India’s districts.

The then undivided Communist Party of India had supported the League’s demand for Pakistan. For the rest of India, it had a two-fold prescription. First, to have an undivided Bengal with a Muslim premier; presumably so that Pakistan could have the whole of Bengal to support it rather than a part as it transpired in 1947. Secondly, to recognise 16 nationalities in the rest of India with each of them having the right to secede from the Union a la the Soviet constitution!

How can Ms Albright and her country ensconced between the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans expect other countries to allow their sovereignty to be overridden by disasters like Nargis or tsunami?

(The writer can be contacted at 145, Sunder Nagar, New Delhi-110 003.)

Maoists injure two Mizo cops, loot rifles

June 22nd, 2008 - 10:14 pm ICT by IANS

Raipur, June 22 (IANS) A group of Maoist insurgents Sunday injured two personnel of a Mizo battalion in the interiors of Chhattisgarh and made off with their AK-47 rifles, the police said. A group of at least 22 rebels carried out the surprise attack on Mizo security personnel posted at Gadiras village’s weekly market in violence-hit Dantewada district, some 480 km south of capital Raipur.
“Two Mizo jawans sustained serious multiple wounds when rebels attacked them from behind with sharp-edged weapons at the crowded weekly market,” S.I. Baghel, Dantewada’s additional superintendent of police, told IANS.

The injured cops were air-lifted to Raipur for treatment. Reinforcements were rushed to the attack site to apprehend the insurgents and recover the two AK-47 rifles looted from the injured personnel.

Three Maoist rebels arrested in Jharkhand

June 23rd, 2008 - 8:58 pm ICT

Ranchi, June 23 (IANS) The police in Jharkhand have arrested three members of the outlawed Jharkhand Liberation Tiger (JLT) and recovered arms, ammunitions and cash from them. “We have arrested three JLT members, who had more than three dozen cases lodged against them in Ranchi, Latehar, Lohardagga and Chhatra districts of the state,” M.S. Bhatia, senior superintendent of police of Ranchi, told reporters Monday.

The police have recovered four rifles, one revolver, 300 live cartridges, four mobiles, one bike and Rs.148,000 in cash, the official added.

The arrested JLT members were identified as Vijay Yadav, Manohar and Dhaneshwar Yadav.

JLT is breakaway group of the Communist Party of India-Maoist. The group is active in six districts of Jharkhand.

Maoists say they are fighting for the rights of poor labourers and landless farmers. They frequently attack government property, policemen and call for strikes.

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recently called the Maoist insurgency the biggest security challenge facing the country.

Mosquito sting, not Maoist bullet, now kills jawans


A malaria-infected JAP jawan. Pix: Prashant Mitra
Ranchi, June 22: Jharkhand Armed Police (JAP) jawans fighting against Naxalites in the forests of the state are faced with a new menace: mosquitoes.

Two jawans — Laloo Gurung and Kumar Subba — died of malaria today, while several are undergoing treatment at JAP hospital, Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) and Apollo.

A doctor treating the jawans at JAP-1 hospital in Doranda, Indramohan Gupta, confirmed the fact, saying that the situation was so far under control.

“We have admitted 15 jawans suffering from malaria in my hospital this month. While three of them were referred to RIMS, six were released after cure. We still have seven cases on our hand,” Gupta added. Sources said two, of the three jawans referred to RIMS, died today.

Constable Rajesh Thakuri, who is undergoing treatment at JAP-1 hospital from June 1, said mosquito and unsafe potable water were turning into bigger challenges than Naxalites for the security personnel.

“We spend nights with mosquitoes. When we return to camp in the morning, we do not get safe water to drink. This multiplies our problem,” he said, adding that he landed in the hospital straight from Saranda forest.

Suresh Thapa, another JAP-1 jawan, recovering from encephalitis, said all of a sudden he had a severe headache and felt giddy while on a search operation in Salgarha forest where the Naxalites are supposed to have hidden Rs 5.11 crore cash looted from the armoured vehicle of ICICI Bank last month. “I tested malaria positive and have been in JAP hospital since June 8.”

Rezi Dungdung, IG, JAP, said the mosquito menace prevailed despite making all preparations to save their jawans from the sting. “We have arranged 5,000 kits to identify malaria and have already distributed them wherever our jawans are deployed.” Another officer said the humid condition in forests during the monsoon aggravated the menace, despite anti-malarial measures being taken up on war footing.

Though suffering, the jawans agrees that they were provided with mosquito nets and cream to protect themselves, but, said constable Sanjay Thapa: “It is difficult to use them during operations in forests.”

Naxalites kill two villagers, blast two structures in Chatra

Chatra (Jharkhand) (PTI): Maoists have killed two villagers and blew up two buildings in separate incidents at Dantar village, 50 km from Chatra.

The two men, identified as Tinku Singh and Bhubaneswar Singh, were kidnapped by a group of Maoists from their village Sunday night and their bodies were found Monday morning, the police said.

A note pasted on the bodies accused the duo of being police informers, the police said.

A separate group of Maoists packed explosives in buildings housing a dharamsala and a middle school and triggered a blast Sunday night
, the police said.

"IPS" : Jobs without salary

Amitabh Srivastava
June 23, 2008

A A ARichard Lakra moves in a white ambassador car—the curvaceous clone of the 1948 Morris Oxford, complete with siren, which has symbolised officialdom in India for six decades—with a yellow beacon flashing atop.

Lakra takes the back seat; a policeman rides machinegun in the front. The vehicle stops. A bevy of bodyguards and other uniformed flunkeys hop to attention. He is led to an air-conditioned chamber. There, he receives a stream of poor people, besides junior policemen. An orderly regulates the flow. Lakra listens, asks questions and, in red ink, scrawls on the petitions his response.

Outwardly, Lakra— the city superintendent of police at Ranchi— appears all powerful. But, he too has a secret sorrow of life. He works without a salary. Rather, he has to work sans a pay cheque. The office of the Accountant General, a state unit of the Comptroller and Auditor General, has withheld his salary. This was done 13 months back. And since then, the status quo remains.

Lakra is not the only police officer in Jharkhand in this situation. As many as 11 (there are 24 districts in Jharkhand) superintendents of police in Jharkhand, including Lakra are faced with similar orders—job without salary.

According to Section 9 of the Indian Police Service Rules, the post of SP is a cadre post. The rules state that a cadre post cannot be filled by a person who is not a cadre officer. Since Lakra is not the cadre officer, he will not have any money.

Simply put, being not a cadre officer means someone who was yet to be awarded IPS rank. The AG had pointed out that salary authorisation slips of 11 SPs have been withheld because these non-IPS officers are posted on the cadre posts of IPS officers in "violation" of Indian Police Service (Cadre) Rules, 1954.

The AG is not ready to release their salary unless the state government regularises posting of officers as per the IPS Cadre Rules.

Last year on April 1, while quoting the IPS cadre rules, the Account General had ordered the district treasuries in Jharkhand to hold back the salaries of all such officers.

This is because these 11 Superintendents of Police, despite being police captains in as many districts are yet to be awarded the IPS cadre.

The officers are Ravikant Dhan, Martin Poros Lakra, Subodh Prasad, Richerd Lakra,Udhayan Kumar Singh, Md Nehal, Parmeshwar Ravidas, Satish Prasad, Deo Bihari Sharma, Daddanji Sharma, and Yogendra Mehra.

Some of them are currently manning Naxalite infested districts like Lohardaga, Simdega and Ranchi as well.

But why have the posted non-IPS officers as Superintendents of Police? The extraordinary situation has emerged because at present Jharkhand has only 66 available IPS officers in the State against the cadre strength of 110 officers.

According to police headquarters Spokesman, RK Mallick, the Jharkhand police at present have 79 IPS officers, out of which 13 are on central deputation.

"We have 12 vacancies of the Regular Recruits (direct IPS officers) and 19 for the promoted IPS officers," Mallick, a Deputy Inspector General rank officer, told India Today.

This shortage of IPS officers perhaps explains why the Jharkhand Police headquarters has to post non-IPS officers as Superintendents of Police in districts. The State is woefully short of IPS officers.

But, this is just part explanation of the plight that the SPs are faced with. According to Jharkhand Home Secretary Sudhir Tripathi, the shortage of officers is also because of the pending promotion of state police service officers into IPS cadre.

"For some reason, we have not been able to promote any state police service officers into IPS since 2005. However, we expect that the backlog to be cleared by the month end as the Union Public Service Commission is set to shortly take a decision to this effect," Tripathi told India Today. "We have already informed AG on the issue," he adds

The Accountant General obviously is obviously not convinced. Salary and allowances of altogether 12 non-IPS SPs were withheld from April 1, 2007, by the AG, after the State's Home Department failed to "regularise" posting of police officers on the cadre posts of SPs. Later, the AG released the salary of one of the officers after the government regularised his posting.

Meanwhile, although the 11 Superintendents of police may start getting their pay cheques—should the UPSC agrees to promote them—a similar threat is now on the two IPS officers who are manning the two newly created districts of Ramgarh and Khunti,

This is because now these two cadre IPS officers are manning non-cadre posts. A final word is yet to be heard on the issue.

Ex-armymen shield for projects in red belt


With security from new battalions, roads like this would get asphalt coating in remote Maoist-hit areas

Ranchi, June 22: The state police will raise two battalions of ex-army personnel to protect ongoing development projects from Naxalite disruptions in Jharkhand.

“Two auxiliary battalions of retired but able-bodied and fit-to-work personnel from the armed forces would be raised within two-three months to provide security to projects going on in the state, including construction of roads, particularly in rural and remote areas,” said V.D. Ram, director-general of police (DGP).

The state government was also mulling a proposal, on the lines of northeastern states, to provide for “security budget” along with estimates for roads construction in extremist areas of Jharkhand.

This means the cost of raising security would have to be included in the estimate for roads construction. For example, if the cost of construction of a road was Rs 10 crore, another Rs 10-15 lakh would have to be provided in the estimate to provide security to the project. The amount fixed for security could vary on the degree of Naxalite threat perceived for the concerned project site at a particular area, said a senior official of the roads construction department.

At least 1,500km of road would have to be built in Naxalite areas of the state, but, as the senior official said, workers and key staff of the contractors have often been abducted when they failed to pay levy to the Maoists and burnt down equipment.

In fact, the situation has been so grim that even the Border Roads Organisation has withdrawn from constructing roads in the Maoist areas. Ranchi-west, Palamau, Hazaribagh, Chatra, Koderma, Garhwa, Daltongunj, Lohardaga, Simdega, Gumla and others have been worst affected.

Of the total 17,056km surfaced and kuchcha roads in Jharkhand, 6,323km run through villages, while 4991.75km are PWD roads and the rest national and state highways.

Roads connected only 26 per cent of the villages and there was need to construct bridges and more roads in the hilly terrain that criss-cross valleys and major trenches

Abuse uproar at BSF camp

Srinagar/Patna, June 22: A group of 110 Bihar police recruits deserted a BSF training centre in Udhampur after a trainee alleged sexual harassment, prompting twin investigations by the force and the Bihar government.

BSF deputy inspector-general J.B. Sangwan confirmed that an investigation had been launched into the allegations but said they “appeared to have been cooked up”.

“Around 110 of them have left but the rest are with us. Many were of a higher age and, perhaps, finding the training tough, incited others to leave the camp,” Sangwan said. A three-member panel will conduct the investigation.

Those who fled were part of a batch of 372 Bihar constables who had arrived at the camp a week back to be trained for 40 weeks in ways to combat Naxalite guerrillas.

Bihar police chief S.C. Jha said in Patna a commandant of the Bihar Military Police, Ramnarayan Singh, had left for Udhampur last night to conduct the probe.

Like Sangwan, Jha suggested that the allegation appeared “frivolous”, saying it may have been fabricated by trainees unable to cope with the rigours. “The BSF camp is very tough. The cops might have cooked up a cock-and-bull story to escape the sessions.”
The BSF filed a “missing” report with the police. Udhampur police chief Ashkoor Wani said since he hadn’t received any specific complaint from the Bihar recruits, no case was registered.

On Friday evening, the recruits staged a dharna in front of the training centre and did not call off their protest even after senior BSF officers tried to pacify them. “The protests continued till late in the evening. On Saturday morning, they boarded a train to Jammu and then went to Bihar,” a police official said. Bihar officials confirmed the trainees had reached their villages.

‘Orissa raid fetched Maoists about 500 weapons’

K. Srinivas Reddy

HYDERABAD: The number of weapons procured during the Maoist raid on Nayagarh town of Orissa in February last could be around 500, considering the fact that 175 Maoists had participated in the raids and that each of them carried away two or three weapons each, according to a ‘Maoist Information Bulletin’ issued by the Maoist Central Committee. .

Neither the Orissa government nor the Centre had disclosed the exact number of weapons looted during the raid. The bulletin sent to media institutions in Hyderabad on Friday night is again a new initiative by the rebels to open a channel of communication with the media.

The chief of central military commission (CMC) Basavaraj, who is quoted in the bulletin, disclosed that the Maoist raid teams had hoped to seize some 400-500 weapons, but they found many more. “We had ourselves burnt a large quantity of arms and ammunition as it was difficult for us to carry all of them. Since the place was far away from our stronghold areas, it was impossible to carry the entire load. So we burnt around 400 inferior arms, which the police claimed they recovered.”

The rebels made good with sophisticated weapons like AK-47s, Insas rifles, SLRs, LMGs and scores of short weapons. They left behind mostly the .303 bolt action rifles, which were seized by the police later.

Basavaraj also made light of the Orissa government claims that 20 naxals were shot dead when police pursued the fleeing rebels in Gosama forest area. He is quoted as saying that only two rebels, Rambathi and Iqbal from 7th and 9th companies of the PLGA were killed in the exchange of fire. Three policemen were also killed by rebels.

TN police kept naxals in check: DGP

Chennai (PTI): Admitting that there were some attempts by naxalites to "gain foothold" in the state, Tamil Nadu Director General of Police (DGP) K P Jain on Monday said the naxals had failed because of the swift action by state police.

"Some attempts by the naxalites have taken place now and then to gain foothold in the state, but they have not succeeded because of the action of the state police", Jain told newspersons here.

He said Tamil Nadu had fared well compared to other states in monitoring the coastal belt. "We have established marine police stations to monitor the coastal areas. More steps would be taken to enhance the coastal security."
About the seizure of unused ammunition at SIPCOT campus in Gummidipoondi,the DGP refuted reports that terrorist organisations had a role in the incident."No terrorist organisation had any role," he said.

"The materials, including unused and used ammunition, were imported by the melting units as scrap. The employees of the company have dumped the imported used ammunition in an unused well fearing that it would explode while melting in the boiler.We have conducted thorough search in all the melting units and unearthed several tonnes of rusted, unused and used ammunition scrap. Steps are being taken to dispose of the seized materials," he added.

Naxals attack Mizo jawans in Chhattisgarh

Dantewada (Chhattisgarh), June 22 : Naxalites attacked Mizo soldiers on a busy marketplace at Gadiras in Dantewadi District this morning.

Naxalites attacked Mizo soldiers on a busy marketplace at Gadiras in Dantewadi District this morning.

Two persons were greviously injured in the incident.

The terrorists also looted guns from the soldiers, which include AK 47 rifles.

The injured persons were admitted to a nearby hospital. (ANI)
© 2007 ANI

Kalinga Nagar : No relief for the tribes

Even after two and a half years, the Kalinga Nagar tribals have not come out of their fears, their wounds are still fresh. Their incessant protest has not really garnered much from the government, this could lead to a big clash yet again..
CJ: bibhuti pati , 11 hours ago Views:158 Comments:0
IN SPITE of many tactful political attempts by the government. for settlement with tribals, nothing has been succesful. Although the compensation has been received by Sukumari, the widow of Ram Gagarai and the injured Banadari and in a diplomatic way, many parallel tribal organisations like Kalinga Nagar Surkshya Committee (KNSC), which was formed to counter the unity of the Visthapan Virodhi Jana Manch (VVJM) have also failed to suppress the Kalinga Nagar tribal agitation.

Till now more than 500 families have been displaced for Tata Steel. Though the local tribals and the VVJM have not taken any support of the political parties, they have still taken on the agitation very successfully for the last one year. They welcomed whosoever came ahead to support them. “It does not matter if he is a Naxal or not,” said the VVJM convener cum secretary Rabindra Jarika. On one hand the government is stubborn for establishment of industry and on the other hand the locals are not ready to leave their motherland as per theirs rights at any cost. In between this clash of Government and tribals, the common people are suffering severely. In the year long block of 200 Express national highway,. more than 200 tribals have been trapped in many criminal cases.

Dusmanta, a betel, tea n tiffin vendor said that this road block and tension has downtrodden our lives. This shop is the only livelihood for our families. I have not paid my son Raja’s college exam fees, for this he was not allowed to appear for the exam. The day to day life of the victimised families is deteriorating and is getting precarious. But they have taken a vow to continue agitation till the three conditions and seven demands put forward by them are fulfilled.

A 73-year-old local tribal lady Sukul Bankira said, “I am not fighting for money, but for land. How do you expect us to give up the land for money? I have seven acres of land and four sons. One son will get a job in the so called company, what the other three will do? Do you know how much is the compensation money available? It is not even equal of the price of our one year’s rice production, forget about other crops production.

The Government officials said that it is a third grade land and the compensation price is enough. 19-year-old Ranjit swore revenge for his mother’s death, “We did not join the agitation to desert it midway. We are facing a lot of hardships. We will continue to fight for our land. It is next to impossible to purchase a land in this area with the compensation money. Because the land cost is very high now and the compensation money is very less as per the market price?

More than 1,200 families were identified for displacement for the Tata Steel project. The displaced people named Sanju Mahanta and Mahendra Mahant (65)said, “We want peace, we are poor people and are interested to earn our livelihood, not fighting with any body. Although we know the rehabilitation colonies are not satisfactory and the company is not implementing the minimum rehabilitation package but what difference does it make to us? We would have died there or here.” When asked on why did they accept the compensation money from the government Sukumari said, “I am alone, I have no one in my family to earn one rupees per day. I am alone, for whom will I fight ? His land, he died, then who will enjoy the land? How will I mange my daily life? After my husband, Rama Gagarai’s death the last four months have been miserable for me, who was there to support me? Every body was busy with their own activities, nobody was bothered about me. I spent three nights with fever without medicine and food , God saved me.

One senior Indian Police Services (IPS) officer spoke on the spot, “The government has committed plunder by engaging the police platoon force in such a large number. It will create an adverse situation and misunderstanding. Seeing this large police force, the tribals’ get aggravated and recollecting their past memories, it becomes impossibl;e for them to believe in the administration. On the other hand the government is yet to understand the real problem. Kalinga Nagar issue can’t be solved through any package and compensation. First of all, the government should not encourage the parallel tribal organisations like KNSC and should come forward for a direct negotiation with the opponent to win their confidence. In Kalinga Nagar, the agitating tribal don’t like the interference of the local member of legislative assembly (MLA) Prafula Ghadai.

The widow of Gopa named Jyotsnarani is more upset about everyone rushing to the tribals but no one bothering to visit her, “Even the district police personnel have not payed homage or visited me. It has been a year but no minister, leave alone the CM Naveen Patnaik or any one from Tata company has visited me It is as if Gop’s life was less important than that of others. Tata company officials are very much sympathised for the agitators but what about Gop?” Jyotsna rued. However she has got a job in Orissa Police on compassionate grounds. I have absolutely nothing to complain against police. My son died on duty. They have given us an ex-gratia and a job. But does mean money everything? Someone could have come to console us. But who has the time to care for families of others? asked Gop’s mother Urmila. Gop’s father Radhashyam said, “One of my other son is also with the force and I myself am a retired constable, but what disturbs me is the fact that the Tata has not done anything, not even payed homage for my son, but the company is doing everything for the tribals. Whether he died while attacking or was attacked by the tribals, till now no clear picture has come to me.” Jyostan’s job fetches her around Rs 5000 per month, of which a substantial amount goes to purchase of 3,500 monthly medicines for Gop’s 9-year-old daughter who is mentally retired child.

Naveen Patnaik said on this context, “The Kalinga Nagar episode was most unfortunate. We are working towards ensuring that people who have been displaced by the industrial plants are looked after. It is because of some dissatisfied people who were encouraging this type of situation. Hopefully things would be sorted out soon and I expect everything will normalise and stabilise shortly.

leader said, “ Naveen Patnaik is responsible for the tension in Kalinga Nagar. We feel he is not concerned about the state of the tribals, or their demand, his government is run by a group of officers and ministers and political leaders who work only for industrialists. We don’t know who is satisfied or dissatisfied, who are Maoists and who are not. Many people from across the country come to us to express their solidarity. Anybody who supports our cause, we have no objection. It is the fighting for tribals livelihood, it is not the question of some dissatisfied people, mass tribals are dissatisfied and that is the reason for this protest, so the CM should feel - why a mass people are dissatisfied?

Panaji: Post BJP Govt in Karnatak, SIMI Shifting Base to State?

Monday, June 23, 2008 6:05:00 PM (IST)

for Daijiworld Media Network - Panaji (GA)

Panaji, Jun 23: With Bharatiya Janata party (BJP) government taking over the reigns of Karnataka, the state is becoming unsafe for SIMI activists who are shifting their base to Goa and Maharashtra, leader of opposition Manohar Parrikar said ON Monday June 23.

Parrikar, briefing press persons this evening, quoted media reports which has carried confession of SIMI activists arrested in Karnataka recently. "It is clearly mentioned that SIMI activists have named Goa as one of their operational area," he said.

The BJP leader said that his party's rule in the state is likely to weed out the SIMI activities forcing them to look for new grounds.

The former chief minister said that the police have confirmed about activities of SIMI and certain elements having links with naxal-like organizations in the state.

He said that although these activities have not reached 'danger level' police needs to check them.

"There are certain sections which are trying to induce elements of extremism amongst the mining-hit villagers. They have links with certain outfits like naxalite movement," Parrikar said.

The leader of opposition, who heads Goa state legislative assembly's ad hoc committee on home affairs, had made stunning revelation about activists running naxal-like movement in the state, earlier last week.

His contention was supplemented by inspector general of police Kishan Kumar in presence of state chief secretary J P Singh. Kumar had contended that police was aware of such activities.

Parrikar said that the officers have disclosed several things in camera about the SIMI and naxal-like movement, in camera, which cannot be disclosed.

The leader said that the discontent stems from illegal mining activities which affects the life of villagers. "The police and politician nexus is trying to suppress the anti-mining sentiments," he alleged.

He said that at least ten ruling party legislators are involved in the mining business, of whom, only two were in the business before they contested elections.

"There are voices of discontent from villages against mining. Many villagers do not want their environment to be spoilt," Parrikar said.

Goa is the highest exporter of iron ore in the country and China market boom has fuelled the exporters further.

Naxalism turns Bihar villages in ghost hamlets

Abhay Mohan Jha
Sunday, June 22, 2008 (Aurangabad, Bihar)
A caste war and Naxalite violence killed about 50 people in Bihar's Aurangabad district, about 21 years ago. NDTV revisited the massacre site to discover the twin villages of Baghaura and Dalelchak have turned into ghost hamlets.

Wounds and memories refuse to go away for families living in Aurangabad, even after all those years.

A local villager, Vinay Singh lost his entire family in a Naxal attack 21 years ago. The fear of that attack has kept him away from his village since then.

''The Naxal have captured our land and properties,'' said Gupteshwar Singh, a villager.

''There is no protection in the village. There was a picket and we used to go for cultivation. But the picket was removed,'' said Vinay Singh, a villager.

Villagers cannot even sell their land. They say the Naxals have imposed an embargo on land sales. The few, who have stayed behind, live at the mercy of the outlaws.

''We are somehow living in the village with the government's permission. Which government are you talking about? The new government that is? Those who live in the jungle. Everything happens according to their will?'' said Dinesh Chaudhary, another villager.

For the administration, these villages in Aurangabad have fallen off the map. With the Naxals still running unchecked, the victims like Vinay can only hide in exile.

Kerala’s Naxalbari: Memoirs Of A Young Revolutionary

Kerala’s Naxalbari: Memoirs Of A Young Revolutionary
Translated by Sanju Ramachandran
288 pages


Home | Books and More |

A Naxal remembers
Pramod K Nayar
Sunday, June 22, 2008 03:27 IST

The Marxism-inspired Naxalite movement of late 1960s Bengal found its echoes in communist-ruled Kerala soon after. Ajitha, then 18 years old, became the face of this movement in Kerala. Her memoirs, now available in one volume in English, is a delightful mix: autobiography, the biography of a collective, and the history of an ideology.

Ajitha, the daughter of committed Marxist parents, was part of a team that attacked Pulpally police station in Waynad, Kerala, in November 1968. The attack was scheduled to be followed by a similar one at Thalasserry. It was also directed at the landlords and feudal families of the area. The onslaught resulted in deaths and injuries to policemen but failed to be more effective as a major uprising because the Thalasserry attack petered out. The Naxalites became fugitives, spending days in miserable conditions in the forests. Eventually they were caught, and discovered that many of their fellow-revolutionaries had been caught, tortured and shot. Ajitha was paraded by the police, who did not realise then that they had created a new martyr, a new icon of rebellion.

Ajitha’s memoirs recount the heady days of ‘revolution’ — the collective reading of Marx and Mao, the plans for revolution and emancipation of the poor — the attack, her inspirational parents and the camaraderie. The description of her life in prison — she was 27 when released — are graphic, but deliberately muted so as to not elicit sympathy. Ajitha does not at any point see herself as victim — interesting at a time when the victim is writ large everywhere, and the most dominant discourse is of victimhood (real or imagined). Indeed she spends more time describing the cruelties perpetrated on other inmates so that we understand the terrible nature of India’s prison system.
The personal merges with the political here when Ajitha describes the tensions within the Naxalite-Marxist groups in Kerala. Her withering contempt for ‘establishment’ Marxism — symbolised by EMS Namboodiripad and others —is tinged with regrets at the dilution of the revolutionary zeal when former Marxists acquire government posts and wealth. What emerges from Ajitha’s memoirs is the schism within Indian Marxism and the hypocrisy of the communist parties — the party communists in Kerala were the first to criticise the rebellion. The government does its best to ensure that the poster girl of Kerala naxalism stayed in prison. But, as Ajitha puts it: “I didn’t need freedom at the cost of forsaking my ideology”. Ajitha settles into marriage, but is unhappy at what she calls the ‘placid’ life of a housewife and mother. She founded Bodhana, a woman’s organisation, in 1987. Later she joins Anweshi, the outfit that was instrumental in exposing the sex scandals of a Kerala minister.

Ajitha’s Memoirs are idiosyncratic but powerful, fragmented but visionary. The dreams of the revolutionaries and the oppressive state apparatus are delivered with the right amount of anger. In an age when the most committed Marxists in academics are the ones who own palatial houses even as they plead for Dalits or fisherwomen, Ajitha represents an older, perhaps more genuine face of the Left in India. What’s left of the Left now is of course a matter for speculation.

The writer teaches English at the University of Hyderabad.

Jharkhand Maoists resurface in Sundargarh, warn cops

Saturday June 21 2008 11:56 IST
Express News Service

ROURKELA: Problems for security forces here seem to be far from over. They now have to face another Jharkhand-based radical group with suspected Maoists owing allegiance to People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI), earlier Jharkhand Liberation Tigers, seeking to make their presence felt in the remote and bordering pockets of Nuagaon block in Sundargarh district.

As per reports, making their second appearance in the district last night, a group of nearly 16 motorcycle-borne PLFI operatives pasted posters on the outskirts of the district. They were six to eight masked men.

Posters proclaiming mix of diktats and demands were noticed at Biringatoli of Badjojada GP and Uppartola, 200 meters from Nuagaon police outpost. The hand-written posters in red ink warned police informers of ‘mautki saja’, held corruption in government and political machineries responsible for price hike and demanded good food for jail inmates. The incident comes houJharkhand ultras resurface in Sundargarh, warn cops
Saturday June 21 2008 11:56 IST
Express News Service

ROURKELA: Problems for security forces here seem to be far from over. They now have to face another Jharkhand-based radical group with suspected Maoists owing allegiance to People’s Liberation Front of India (PLFI), earlier Jharkhand Liberation Tigers, seeking to make their presence felt in the remote and bordering pockets of Nuagaon block in Sundargarh district.

As per reports, making their second appearance in the district last night, a group of nearly 16 motorcycle-borne PLFI operatives pasted posters on the outskirts of the district. They were six to eight masked men.

Posters proclaiming mix of diktats and demands were noticed at Biringatoli of Badjojada GP and Uppartola, 200 meters from Nuagaon police outpost. The hand-written posters in red ink warned police informers of ‘mautki saja’, held corruption in government and political machineries responsible for price hike and demanded good food for jail inmates. The incident comes hours after Orissa and Jharkhand police decided to launch joint anti-Naxal movement to curb insurgency in the region.

Security forces visited the areas on Friday morning and took stock of the situation.

Rourkela SP Santosh Bala said forces have been mobilised to restore confidence among the villagers.
rs after Orissa and Jharkhand police decided to launch joint anti-Naxal movement to curb insurgency in the region.

Security forces visited the areas on Friday morning and took stock of the situation.

Rourkela SP Santosh Bala said forces have been mobilised to restore confidence among the villagers.

Anti-mining drive refutes Naxalism in Goa

Press Trust of India
Saturday, June 21, 2008 (Panaji)

As Goa state police confirmed keeping a close watch on possibility of Naxal-like activities in the tourist hotspot state's mining belt, anti-mining activists have ridiculed the claim.

There are no Naxal like activities anywhere in the state, people are struggling for their rights and these agitations are bereft of any violence, Sebastian Rodrigues, a youth, who was named as one amongst those involved in Naxal-like activities, told mediapersons on Friday.

The issue cropped up on Thursday when Leader of Opposition Manohar Parrikar, during the Goa state legislative assembly Ad hoc committee meeting, stated that naxal-like activities are taking shape in state's mining belt.

Parrikar, former chief minister, said that these activities are feeding on the increasing anti-mining sentiments brewing amongst the tribal villagers.

Goa, the coastal state known for its tourism, is also the largest exporter of iron ore in the country. The state saw mining boom in last couple of years when China market flourished.

The recently held Goa legislative assembly session also saw members cite illegal mines at the cost of the environment.

The mining in the villages has irked the villagers, which resulted in two major agitations in Advalpal and Colamb villages.

The naxalite activities have started taking advantage of this unfortunate situation, Parrikar said.