Saturday, May 16, 2020

Chhattisgarh: Security forces recover remote-controlled IEDs placed by Maoists for the first time

4 IEDs, petrol bombs planted by Maoists recovered in Chhattisgarh

Recovered IEDs (left), Maoists (right)

A team of reserve guards, Chhattisgarh Armed Forces (CAF) and Special Task Forces (STF) have reportedly unearthed 4 remote-controlled IEDs (Improvised explosive devices) in the Maoist-hit area of Dantewada in Bastar zone of Chhattisgarh. Besides, several petrol bombs were also recovered by the forces.

District SP (Dantewada) Abhishek Pallava informed that it was for the ‘first time’ that the left-wing extremists had used remote-controlled IEDs in the region. The operation was undertaken by a team of over 300 security personnel who were at the site, safeguarding road work construction. On being suspicious of 3-4 individuals wandering around in the civilian dress, they conducted a search operation and uncovered 4 IEDs weighing about 4 to 5 kgs.

Moreover, the IEDs were connected to an antenna, located on a tree, and 12 Volt batteries. Petrol bombs were also discovered in the vicinity of the IEDs. All these explosives, used in combination, could have caused serious damage to the security forces. “We averted a major mishap tracing these remote-controlled IEDs with the troopers remaining much vigilant on the ground”, Pallava was quoted as saying. The site of tracing of the explosive, Dantewada, is roughly 450 km away from Raipur.

Naxals neutralised in encounter

On May 8, four Naxal terrorists including two women, who all carried rewards on their heads, were killed in an operation in Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh. The police also informed that one police officer who got bullet injuries succumbed to the injuries. The police stated that the killing was a huge success for the police as all of them were wanted and active on the Chattisgarh-Maharashtra border. Police managed to eliminate all of them

For the first time, four remote-control IEDs detected in Maoist-hit Chhattisgarh's Dantewada

By Ejaz Kaiser| Express News Service | Published: 16th May 2020 11:14 AM
The IEDs wired to batteries. (Photo| EPS)

RAIPUR: The security forces have detected four remote-controlled improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in an edgy district of Dantewada, about 450 km from Raipur.

"It’s for the first time such remote controlled IEDs were being planted by the Maoists in the conflict zone of Bastar. A combined team of 300 personnel from Dantewada district reserve guards, Special Task Forces (STF) and Chhattisgarh Armed Forces (CAF) were providing protection to the under construction road works when they saw suspected movement for 3-4 people in civilian dress fleeing are area near Barsur region. The forces immediately carried out the search operation in the region and traced four remote-controlled IED pressure bombs each weighing 4-5 kg," said Dantewada district SP Abhishek Pallava.

The unearth IEDs were connected to 12 Volt power batteries and with an antenna placed at the top of a nearby tree. "The antenna at dominating height and several petrol bombs (made out of bottles filled with petrol) placed along the IEDs were also used for the first time by the left wing extremists intended to inflict heavy damage on the security forces. We averted a major mishap tracing these remote-controlled IEDs with the troopers remaining much vigilant on the ground," the Dantewada SP added.

The rebels usually plant and detonate IEDs blasts targeting the forces, movement of political or official cavalcade in their planned ambush. Dantewada continues among the seven worst Maoist-affected districts in the Bastar zone, south Chhattisgarh

Lockdown affects Naxalites to a great extent

May 16 2020 04:07 PM

News Track In the current situation, Naxalism is considered one of the biggest internal security threats of India. The current epidemic and subsequent outbreak of lockdown have affected Naxalites differently. During this time, their supply of food and other essential items has also been affected. In all the Left Wing Extremism affected states, anarchic elements like Maoist-Naxalites purchase ration and other essential commodities for themselves mainly from village-level Haat markets. They are currently facing a terrible shortage of food supply due to the temporary closure of these hot markets.

For your information, let us tell you that the situation of lockdown has increased the frustration of Maoists and they are exploiting the villagers to fulfill their purpose. The Maoists had reportedly offered a unilateral ceasefire in Andhra Pradesh and Odisha earlier this month, especially in areas under the Andhra-Odisha Border Special Zonal Committee. The Maoists say that they have done this to facilitate the relief operations of the government in their core areas to fight Kovid-19, but it is believed that this proposal is opportunistic and misleading.

✓ The reality in this situation is that they want to keep the path open for the supply of materials needed for themselves so that they do not face any problem.

,✓  These militants may have offered a cease-fire, seeing the crisis looming over their heads, but many incidents that have taken place during the past month show that their intentions have not changed. In such a situation, the Central Government needs to implement a coherent national strategy to end Naxalism.

The solution to this problem can be determined by constant dialogue between the Naxal leaders and the concerned government officials

Friday, May 15, 2020

Maoist pamphlets appear at Cherla in Kothagudem

The Maoists appealed to the public to condemn alleged false propaganda by Kothagudem police that the naxals were robbing grocery items from Adivasis.

By Author  |  Published: 15th May 2020  8:57 pmUpdated: 15th May 2020  8:59 pm
Maoist pamphlets appear at Cherla in Kothagudem

Kothagudem: Maoist pamphlets appeared at Poojarigudem and Lenin Colony area near Cherla mandal headquarters in the district on Friday. The pamphlets were released in the name of CPI (Maoist) Bhadradri Kothagudem-East Godavari Divisional Committee. They alleged that forest officers had beaten a shepherd to death at Udumpur and warned the officials that they would be punished in the hands of the public.

The Maoists appealed to the public to condemn alleged false propaganda by Kothagudem police that the naxals were robbing grocery items from Adivasis. They alleged that the government officials and ruling party leaders have been looting public money in the name of coronavirus pandemic.

Further, the Maoists wanted 100 per cent reservation in the agency areas besides implementation of  GO No.3, They strongly condemned the quashing of GO No 3 by the Supreme Court.  The GO number 3 issued in 2000 by the then State government in erstwhile Andhra Pradesh offers 100 per cent reservation to Scheduled Tribe (ST) candidates for the post of teachers in schools in scheduled areas. A five-judge bench of Supreme Court quashed the GO terming it ‘arbitrary’ in a ruling given in the last week of April this year while hearing a petition that sought to review the GO

Madhya Pradesh: Maoists trying to recruit jobless migrants back home

Madhya Pradesh: Maoists trying to recruit jobless migrants back home

P Naveen | TNN | Updated: May 16, 2020, 08:16 IST
Representative image



 are looking to exploit the rural distress, arising out of the lockdown and return of 

jobless migrants

, to launch a massive recruitment drive, say intelligence inputs being received at the police headquarters (PHQ).

The rebels are trying to connect with migrant labourers who have returned to their homes in Balaghat, Mandla and Dindori districts, say officials, adding that senior Maoist leaders have been seen in clusters of remote villages.

These three districts have recorded a reverse migration of nearly 2 lakh labourers, 90,000 of them in Balaghat alone. Sources say Maoists have begun camping in remote areas that they had given up earlier.

And, in an indication of renewed Maoist activity in these parts, a Hawk Force jawan on patrol was shot at and injured in Balaghat on Friday.

The bullet went through one cheek and exploded out of the other. He was taken to a hospital in neighbouring Gondia district of Maharashtra, where doctors operated on him. DGP Vivek Johri said he is out of danger. “He was shot from a higher elevation. They were not visible,” said the officer.

“Maoists are trying to recruit ground-level cadres. Jobless people may think about joining them for the sake of their families and children,” said a police officer, adding that the rebels are using the lockdown period to strengthen their cadre base in border areas. As if to mark their presence, Maoists burned logs in Mandla and warned villagers and forest officials not to fell trees.

Handwritten pamphlets, nailed to trees, said, “Unabated felling of trees in the forest has led to mass migration of tribals and other villagers. This has put human existence in danger. These felling has been done without permission of gram sabhas. No tree can be felled in scheduled areas. Officers are not consulting gram sabhas before taking any decision. Labourers are being paid less wages -- Bodla Area Committee.”

The Bodla Maoist unit has shown itself after nearly a year in Mandla. In June 2019, 15 armed Maoists had abducted a tendu leaf contractor from Nevsa village, about 65 km from 

Mandla district

 headquarters, but released him, said police. The rebels warned the tendu leaf contractor and his workers not to help police

MP: constable injured in naxal attack in Balaghat district

Balaghat, May 15 (PTI) A head constable of the Madhya Pradesh Police''s special `Hawk Force'' was injured in a naxal attack in Balaghat district on Friday morning, an official said.

The attack took place near Thakur Tola village under Hatta Police Station limits, he said.

"Naxalites ambushed our search party, in which a constable of Hawk force sustained a bullet injury. He is out of danger. A large-scale search operation has been launched in the area," said district superintendent of police Abhishek Tiwari.

Lanji Sub Divisional Officer of Police Nitesh Bhargava said the search party of 20 personnel had left from Godri police post.

Head constable Lokendra Singh sustained a bullet injury as naxals opened fire on a hillock near village Thakur Tola, about five km from the police post, Bhargava said.

He was rushed to a private hospital in Gondia and underwent a surgery, he said. PTI

Naxals disrupt functioning of administration during COVID-19 lockdown; burn bridges, harass migrants

Ch'garh: Naxals disrupt functioning of administration during COVID-19 lockdown; burn bridges, harass migrants

Several tunnels under the road have also been detected by the security forces in the area
Updated May 16, 2020 | 06:34 IST

Naxals did not just break bridges and roadways. but after lockdown, but also harassed the migrants who were travelling back home through the jungle route.

Several tunnels under the road have also been detected by the security forces in the area
Several tunnels under the road have also been detected by the security forces in the area

Raipur: Since the start of the lockdown, Naxals in the red belt have been trying to take advantage of the situation. In various violent activities in LWE districts of Chhattisgarh, they bombed several roads in Dantewada, Sukma, Bijapur and Narayanpura. 

One major attack was averted by the security forces on Friday when teams of STF, DRG and CAF detected and diffused four remote-controlled IEDs, each 3-4 Kgs and cocktail bombs placed near them so that trees can catch fire after the blast and they can attack opening parties out for road construction on Palli-Barsoor road in Dantewada. More than 250 personnel were present for the security of road construction teams. 


One suspicious movement was spotted by the forces and they, with the help of drones and human intelligence forces, managed to search the entire area and locate the spot where the IEDs were planted.  

SP Dantewada, Abhishek Pallav confirmed the development and said," The use of multiple remote IEDs is a matter of concern for the police. The use of sophisticated mechanisms/ switches/ antennas poses challenges to security agencies. Due to alertness of security forces, a big Naxal attack and losses could be avoided,".

Meanwhile, forces have been asked to be more vigilant during these times of lockdown in summers as the Tactical Counter Offensive Campaign (TCOC) is being undertaken by the Naxal cadres to exert their influence in the area during summers.  

Naxal cadres take out (TCOC) campaign from the month of March to May and in these times, to get greater influence in the area, they move in formations of 200-250.

Therefore, the forces have to be extra vigilant. Most of the deadly Naxal attacks take place during this period whether in Jheerum Valley in which the top Congress leadership was killed by Naxals or Dantewada where the BJP MLA Bheema Mandavi's car was blasted last year.

"During the lockdown, the Naxals' supply chain has also gotten affected and this is the reason we are getting complaints from various villages of Naxals looting ration of villagers being distributed through PDS system as during TCOC, they require food in large quantity as 250 Naxals move together in a formation," says Abhishek Pallav. 

Naxals did not just break bridges and roadways. but after lockdown, more than 15000 migrant workers from Telangana and Andhra Pradesh who were travelling through jungles to reach their homes in Bastar were also harassed by Naxals on their way back home. 

Abhishek Pallav said, " We also got reports and complains that factory workers and Mirchi labours were stopped at various places by the Naxals when they were coming taking jungle route from Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. They were also told to supply desi weapons, knife etc to a place and their food and money were also taken away,". 

DIG, Badtar P Sundaraj, while talking about the matter, said, "Naxals usually rely on their own food supply and the food that villagers get under PDS scheme but due to lockdown their supply chain got affected so now we are receiving several complaints that they have looted the ration of the villagers to fulfil their food requirement."

"Teams of doctors and medics use bridges and roads to reach villages where migrants are coming so that those migrants can get checked but the Naxals stopped them from reaching the villages by demolishing roads and bridges. We were expecting Naxals to behave maturely during these times of lockdown at least for the sake of the well-being of the villagers and migrants returning home but they did not," P Sundaraj said. 

✓On 2nd May, the bridge that Tumakpal with Tetam was broken by the Naxals to stop the way of frontline COVID-19 warriors - doctors and paramedics going into the interiors of the area for migrants coming from Telangana and Andhra Pradesh through jungles. 

✓On 8th May, during an ambush in Rajnandgaon, a police jawan lost his life and 4 Naxals were gunned down by the Chhattisgarh police. AK47s and SLRs were further seized from the Naxals.

✓Even before the lockdown began, on 21st March, during an ambush in Sukma, 17 jawans lost their lives and 14 got injured in one of the deadliest Naxal attacks in recent times 

Several tunnels under the road have also been detected by forces in the area with the purpose to target forces and COVID-19 warriors. The forces have also detected the tunnels in the areas of Kuakonda and Katekalyan

Chhattisgarh Police arrests 12 for supplying uniforms, walkie-talkie sets, cash to Maoists

Chhattisgarh Police arrests 12 for supplying uniforms, walkie-talkie sets, cash to Maoists

A Special Investigation Team (SIT) found that contractors Nishant Jain, and Varun Jain of Landmark Royal Engineering, Rajnandgaon secured road contracts and had, through their subordinates, Ajay Jain, Komal Verma and Tapas Palit, been supplying the materials to Maoists.

File image for representation.

Bastar Police in Chhattisgarh arrested 12 people alleged to be part of a group of Maoist supporters with urban links. The arrested have been charged with supplying material for uniforms, shoes, wires, and walkie-talkie sets besides cash in lieu of being allowed to function as road contractors in the Bastar division.

Inspector-General of Police (IG) Bastar, P Sunder Raj, told India Today TV that Nishant Jain, a resident of Bilaspur has been arrested and booked under various sections of the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act (UAPA) and the Indian Penal Code (IPC) for helping to provide material and other help to Maoists.

Nishant Jain owns a contracting firm by the name of Landmark Engineering in Bilaspur and has nearly 25 Pradhan Mantri Gramin Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) road contracts in Koylibeda, Aamabeda, Siksod, Raoghat and Tadoki areas in Bastar division.

In March, police, during vehicle checking in Kanker district had found a car that had material for uniforms, shoes, wires, medicines, and cash in it. Tapas Palit, the man driving the vehicle was arrested and had confessed that he had been supplying the material to Maoists. Police said that this had been going for two years and the material was being purchased from Rajnandgaon.

A Special Investigation Team (SIT) found that contractors Nishant Jain, and Varun Jain of Landmark Royal Engineering, Rajnandgaon secured road contracts and had, through their subordinates, Ajay Jain, Komal Verma and Tapas Palit, been supplying the materials to Maoists.

Two more people, Mukesh Salam and Rajesh Salam were also found to have been involved.

Police said that the Maoists did not bother the contractors with their works in exchange for the material and financial help. As a result, the contractors took up quite a few projects in the area.

During interrogation, the contractors and their employees said that they did not have a choice and had to give in to the demands of the Maoists to work in the region.

“That is the defense contractors usually take,” IG P Sunder Raj said

Two Naxalites of New Democracy surrender before Warangal CP

By Author  |  Published: 14th May 2020  7:45 pm
Two Naxalites of New Democracy surrender before Warangal CP

Warangal Urban: Two underground members of the CPI (ML) New Democracy surrendered before the Warangal Police Commissioner V Ravinder here on Thursday. The surrendered Naxalites were identified as party state committee member and Mahabubabad area divisional secretary Soma Bhaskar alias Suryam and Mahabubabad district committee member Burka Pratahp alias Shaym.

While Bhaskar belongs to Timmapet village of Duggondi mandal in Warangal Rural district, Prathap hails from Gunjedu village of Kothaguda mandal in Mahabubabad district.

Presenting them before media, Ravinder said that Soma Bhaskar went underground in 1998. “Due to internal differences in 2013, he led the second group. He was involved in several extortion cases and firing on police personnel. A total of 12 cases were registered against Suryam in erstwhile Warangal district,” the CP added. Meanwhile, Burka Prathap joined the New Democracy in 2005 and married Mamatha, a dalam member on 2010. “He was nabbed by police in 2016 and sent to jail. But he again joined the party in 2018. He worked with Suryam and was involved in a total of 10 cases,” he added.

Additional DCPs Tirupathi, Venkatalakshmi, Narsampet ACP Phanindhar, and Narsampet Town Inspector Karunasagar Reddy were present at the press meet

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Not without my husband: Cop abducted by Naxals rescued by wife

Representational Image
Updated May 14, 2020 | 12:20 IST

Santosh Kattam (48), a constable posted at Bhopalpatnam police station in Bijapur, was kidnapped from Gorana village in the first week of May.

Representational Image
Representational Image

Bijapur: A woman in Chhattisgarh trekked through a forest for four days, tracked down a group of Naxals, and persuaded them to release her policeman husband. When asked what made her undertake this perilous mission, Sunita Kattam's reply was that she decided not to sit on her hands and worry, but to act.

Santosh Kattam (48), a constable posted at Bhopalpatnam police station in Bijapur, was kidnapped from Gorana village in the first week of May. "He left the house on the evening of May 4 to buy groceries and did not return," Sunita (39) told PTI on Wednesday.


Two days later she learned that Naxals had abducted her husband. She was a little skeptical at first, as Santosh had left home without telling anyone on a few earlier occasions too. But after it was confirmed that Naxals were behind his disappearance, she informed the police and also started contacting her acquaintances in the area to find his whereabouts.

"I decided not to think too much and make efforts on my own to free him," she said. She was no stranger to the Naxal menace as her family lives in the Jagargunda area in the neighboringSukma district, a hotbed of rebel activities. On May 6, Sunita, her 14-year-old daughter, a local journalist, and some villagers entered a forested area to find her husband.

She left her two other children with their grandmother at their house in Bijapur Police Line. "We rode on motorcycles and walked through rough terrain for four days before finding the Naxals who had abducted my husband on May 10," she said.

The next day, Maoists held a `Jan-Adalat (kangaroo court) to decide Santosh's fate. That was when Sunita could see her husband for the first time in six days. "The villagers and I persuaded Naxals to release him," she said. According to local sources, before releasing him, Naxals warned Santosh that he will face consequences if he continued to serve in the police force.

When asked how did she muster the courage to venture into the forest on the trail of Naxals, Sunita said, "A woman can go to any lengths to safeguard her husband."

Inspector-General of Police (Bastar Range) Sundarraj P said after receiving information on Kattam's abduction, the police were trying to trace him through various sources but did not launch any operation to ensure that Naxals did not harm him.
Kattam's family was also trying to secure his release, he said. After he returned to Bijapur on May 11, his medical examination was conducted and his statement was being recorded, the IG added

Mother of Naxal involved in killing of Bhima Mandavi, DD cameraman gets CRPF help

ANI | Updated: May 14, 2020 19:41 IST

By Ankur Sharma

New Delhi [India], May 14 (ANI): The mother of a rewarded Naxal, involved in killings of security forces personnel and journalists, had tears in her eyes when she saw the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) jawans helping her in tough days, despite knowing the fact that her son was involved in killings.
Hidma Sori, mother of Budra Sori, suffering from a rare skin disease, had no food, ration and even utensils. But a team of CRPF helped her and the family in Chhattisgarh's Dantewada on Thursday. Her son carries a Rs 5 lakh bounty on his head.

A team of 195 battalion was on patrol when they got to know that the mother of Budra Sori is having sleepless nights due to the disease and also had no food. Her son has also left her alone and was not meeting her due to fear of encounter.

The initiative was taken by Sanjay Chauhan, Assistant Commandant, in village Pakhnachua of Katekalyan block of Dantewada.
"Today (on Thursday) during patrolling, we got to know that mother of rewarded Naxal Budra Sori was living in a miserable condition and also did not have any food and ration. She is suffering from a rare skin disease where the skin cracks and gets dried," a senior CRPF official told ANI.

"A team went to his house along with ration and other necessary items and helped her. She with her teary eyes thanked the CRPF. We also got to know that she did not have utensils to prepare food. So from the CRPF side, we also have provided utensils so that she can cook food too," the CRPF official said.
Budra is one of the most wanted Naxals, who is involved in various killings including attacks on security forces.

✓He was involved in the Mailawada blast in March 2016 where seven CRPF jawans lost their lives. 

✓He was also involved in the attack in which then MLA Bhima Mandavi, along with five security personnel were killed in 2019.

✓ He also executed an attack on press persons of DD in 2018 in which one cameraman was killed along with two cops. The DD team had gone to Chhattisgarh to cover the state election from Delhi.

"Since 2015, he has been active in Katekalyan area committee and is the right hand of Secretary Modiami Mangtu. His mother stays with her husband and has two sons Guddi and Bablu," the official said. (ANI)

Wednesday, May 13, 2020


  • The Government’s approach is to deal with Left Wing Extremism in a holistic manner, in the areas of security, development, ensuring rights and entitlements of local communities, improvement in governance and public perception management. In dealing with this decades-old problem, it has been felt appropriate, after various high-level deliberations and interactions with the State Governments concerned, that an integrated approach aimed at the relatively more affected areas would deliver results. With this in view, a detailed analysis of the spread and trends in respect of Left Wing Extremist violence has been made and 90 districts in eleven States have been taken up for special attention with regard to planning, implementation and monitoring various interventions. However, 'Police' and 'Public Order' being State subjects, action on maintenance of law and order, lies primarily in the domain of the State Governments. The Central Government closely monitors the situation and supplements and coordinates their efforts in several ways. These include providing the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs); sanction of India Reserve (IR) battalions, setting up of Counter Insurgency and Anti Terrorism (CIAT) schools; modernisation and upgradation of the State Police and their Intelligence apparatus; reimbursement of security related expenditure under the Security-related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme; providing helicopters for anti-LWE operations, assistance in training of State Police through the Ministry of Defence, the Central Police Organisations and the Bureau of Police Research and Development; sharing of Intelligence; facilitating inter-State coordination; assistance in community policing and civic action programmes etc. The underlying philosophy is to enhance the capacity of the State Governments to tackle the Maoist menace in a concerted manner.


  • The Union Home Minister, the Home Secretary & the Special Secretary/Additional Secretary and a Review Group chaired by the Cabinet Secretary review the LWE situation on a regular basis. The Progress of the various schemes is regularly monitored by MHA though meeting and Video Conferencing with the Central Ministries/Departments concerned and State Governments.

Recent Reviews

  • The Union Home Minister has visited Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand in the month of May 2018 and reviewed the LWE situation.
  • The Union Home Minister has convened meetings of Chief Ministers of LWE affected States on February 09, 2015, May 08, 2017 and August 26, 2019.
  • The Minister of States (Home) have visited LWE affected States and reviewed the LWE situation.
  • Review Group meeting conducted by the Cabinet Secretary on 15/12/2016, 03/08/2017 and on 23/7/2018.
  • Meetings are being conducted regularly by Union Home Secretary with Secretaries of Central Ministries and Chief Secretaries, DsGP of the LWE affected States and DsG of CAPFs.
  • Union Home Secretary also visited the LWE affected States to review the LWE situation.
  • The Union Home Secretary has visited Chhattisgarh in the month of October, 2019 and reviewed the LWE situation.


  • In order to holistically address the LWE problem in an effective manner, Government has formulated National Policy and Action Plan adopting multi-pronged strategy in the areas of security, development, ensuring rights & entitlement of local communities etc.
  • Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme:This Scheme has been extended by the Government on 27.09.2017 as a subscheme of the Umbrella Scheme Modernization of Police Forces for a period of 03 years till 2020. Under the Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme, the central Govt. reimburses to the State Governments of 11 LWE affected States Security Related Expenditure of 90 districts relating to training and operational needs of security forces, ex-gratia payment to the family of civilians/security forces killed/injured in LWE violence, compensation to Left Wing Extremist cadres who surrendered in accordance with the surrender and rehabilitation policy of the concerned State Government, community policing, Security related infrastructure for village defence committees and publicity materials. There is a substantial increase in annual outlay and new items such as compensation for Security force personnel incapacitated during anti LWE operations and compensation for the property damage have been included in this scheme. The SRE Scheme aim at strengthening of the capacity of the LWE affected States to fight the LWE problem. Rs. 212 crore have been released in the current financial year as on 31.12.2019.
  • Special Central Assistance (SCA) for 30 most LWE affected districts: :This Scheme has been approved by the Government on 27.09.2017 as a sub-scheme of the Umbrella Scheme, ‘Modernization of Police Forces’ for a period of 3 years i.e. from 2017-18 to 2019-20. The main objective of the Scheme is to fill the critical gaps in Public infrastructure and Services, which are of emergent nature. Rs. 1775 crore have been released to the Stats during last 3 years. Rs. 600 crore have been released in the current financial year as on 31.12.2019.
  • Special Infrastructure Scheme, along with Construction of Fortified Police Stations in the LWE affected States: On regular demand of the LWE affected States, the Central Government has approved this Scheme as a sub-scheme of the Umbrellas Scheme, ‘Modernization of Police Forces’ for a period of 3 years i.e. from 2017-18 to 2019-20. The total outlay of the scheme is Rs. 1006.00 crore i.e. Rs. 604 crore as Central Share (60%) and Rs.402 crore as State share (40%). Rs. 56.5 crore have been released in the current financial year as on 31.12.2019.
  • Scheme of Fortified Police stations: The Ministry had sanctioned 400 police stations in 10 LWE affected States. Of these 399 of PSs have been completed.
  • Assistance to Central Agencies for LWE management Scheme:This Scheme has been approved by the Government on 27.09.2017 as a sub scheme of the Umbrella Scheme Modernization of Police Forces for a period of 03 years i.e. from 2017-18 to 2019-20. Under the Scheme, assistance is provided to Central Agencies (CAPFs/IAF etc) for strengthening of infrastructure and hiring charges for Helicopters.
  • Civic Action Programme (CAP): This Scheme has been approved by the Government on 27.09.2017 as a sub scheme of the Umbrella Scheme Modernization of Police Forces for a period of 03 years i.e. from 2017-18 to 2019-20. CAP in LWE affected areas is being implemented since 2010-11 to bridge the gaps between Security Forces and local people through personal interaction and bring the human face of SFs before the local population. The Scheme has been very successful in achieving its goal. Under the Scheme, funds are released to the CAPFs, deployed in LWE affected areas, for conducting various civic activities for the welfare of the local people. 17.16 crore have been released to CAPFs in the current financial year as on 31.12.2019.
  • Media Plan:This Scheme has been approved by the Government on 27.09.2017 as a sub scheme of the Umbrella Scheme Modernization of Police Forces for a period of 03 years i.e. from 2017-18 to 2019-20. The Maoists have been misguiding and luring the innocent tribals/ local population in LWE affected areas by their So-called poor-friendly revolution through petty incentives or by following their coercive strategy. Their false propaganda is targeted against the security forces and the democratic setup. Therefore, the Government is implementing this Scheme in LWE affected areas. Under the scheme activities like Tribal Youth Exchange programmes organised by NYKS, radio jingles, documentaries, pamphlets etc. are being conducted. 7.41 crore have been released in the current financial year as on 31.12.2019.
  • Road Requirement Plan-I (RRP-I) for LWE affected areas:This Scheme is being implemented by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways for improving road connectivity in 34 LWE affected districts of 8 States i.e. Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh. This scheme envisaged construction of 5,422 km roads lengths in LWE affected States, of which 4,868 km roads have been completed by 30.11.2019.
  • Road Connectivity Project for LWE affected areas (RRP-II):The Government approved this scheme on 28.12.2016 for further improving road connectivity in 44 districts of 9 LWE affected States. This Scheme envisages 5412 km roads and 126 bridges at an estimated cost of Rs. 11,725 Crores. Ministry of Rural Development is the nodal Ministry for this project. The roads included under the scheme have been identified by the Ministry of Home Affairs in consultation with the State Governments and the security agencies. 1373 km roads have been constructed so far till 31.12.2019.
  • LWE Mobile Tower Project:TTo improve mobile connectivity in the LWE areas, the Government on 20.08.2014 approved installation of mobile towers in LWE affected States and 2335 mobile towers have been installed in Phase-I. Phase-II of the project has been approved by the Government of India, under which 4072 mobile towers, involving an expenditure of Rs. 7330 crore, will be installed in LWE affected States.
  • Aspirational District:The Ministry of Home Affairs has been tasked with the monitoring of Aspirational districts programme in 35 LWE affected districts.


  • It is the belief of the Government of India that through a holistic approach focussing on development and security-related interventions, the LWE problem can be successfully tackled. However, it is clear that the Left Wing Extremists do not want root causes like underdevelopment to be addressed in a meaningful manner since they resort to targeting school buildings, roads, railways, bridges, health infrastructure, communication facilities etc in a major way. They wish to keep the population in their areas of influence marginalized to perpetuate their outdated ideology. Consequently, the process of development has been set back by decades in many parts of the country under Left Wing Extremists influence. This needs to be recognised by the civil society and the media to build pressure on the Left Wing Extremists to eschew violence, join the mainstream and recognise the fact that the socio-economic and political dynamics and aspirations of 21st Century India are far removed from the Maoist world-view. Further, an ideology based on violence and annihilation is doomed to fail in a democracy which offers legitimate forums of grievance redressal.


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1Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)Download (72.9 KB) pdf

The Dynamics Of Maoist Insurgency

  • Some sections of the society, especially the younger generation, have romantic illusions about the Maoists, arising out of an incomplete understanding of their ideology. The central theme of Maoist ideology is violence. The Maoist insurgency doctrine glorifies violence as the primary means to overwhelm the existing socio-economic and political structures. The Peoples Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA), the armed wing of CPI (Maoist), has been created with this purpose in mind. In the first stage of the insurgency, the PLGA resorts to guerrilla warfare, which primarily aims at creating a vacuum at the grass-roots level of the existing governance structures. This is achieved by killing lower-level government officials, police-personnel of the local police stations, the workers of mainstream political parties and the people's representatives of the Panchayati Raj system. After creating a political and governance vacuum, they coerce the local population to join the movement. A strident propaganda is also carried out against the purported and real inadequacies of the existing state structure.
  • In areas under Maoist domination, the absence of governance becomes a self- fulfilling prophecy since the delivery systems are extinguished through killings and intimidation. This is the first step in the strategy of the Maoists to seek to control the countryside. In the meanwhile, many Front Organisations are created to facilitate mass-mobilisation in semi-urban and urban areas through ostensibly democratic means. Most of the Front Organisations are led by well-educated intellectuals with a firm belief in the Maoist insurgency doctrine. These ideologues function as masks to cover the violent nature of the CPI (Maoist) ideology. They also form the propaganda/disinformation machinery of the party.
  • They stridently take up issues like ‘displacement of tribals’, ‘corporate exploitation’, ‘human rights violations’ by security forces etc. and often make fantastic claims in this regard which get reported even by the mainstream media. The Front Organisations also skilfully use state structures and legal processes to further the Maoist agenda and weaken the enforcement regime. The important functions of these Organisations include recruitment of ‘professional revolutionaries’, raising funds for the insurgency, creating urban shelters for underground cadres, providing legal assistance to arrested cadres and mass- mobilisation by agitating over issues of relevance/ convenience. The Front Organisations aim to provide short-term democratic subterfuge to cover-up the totalitarian and oppressive nature of the Maoist ideology. The CPI (Maoist) also have a strategic game-plan to create a ‘United Front’ with all like-minded insurgent/terrorist outfits in India. It needs to be remembered that many of these outfits are supported by external forces inimical to India and the CPI (Maoist) consider such alliances as strategic assets.
  • In a nutshell, the CPI (Maoist), the main LWE outfit in India, aims to overthrow the existing democratic state structure with violence as their primary weapon, and mass mobilization and strategic united fronts as complementary components and plans to usher in So-called ‘New Democratic Revolution’ in India.

Scribe secures release of cop from Maoist captivity in Chhattisgarh

By Ejaz Kaiser| Express News Service | Published: 13th May 2020 02:55 PM
Police personnel Santosh Kattam with his wife and daughter in Maoist's Jan Adalat in Bijapur (Photo | EPS)

RAIPUR: Amid the lockdown, a Chhattisgarh cop, who got stuck in his village in  Bijapur in south Bastar as he was on leave, never knew that he would be abducted by the Maoists.

The policeman, Santosh Kattam, who was working as an electrician, was kidnaped on May 4 - the incident, not even his department knew for a couple of days. His wife Sunita contacted the police and the people in the nearby villages seeking help but in vain. Finally on May 6, she called up Bijapur-based scribe Ganesh Mishra seeking his support.

“Moved by her emotive plea, I made up my mind to do whatever I can in my capacity to trace his husband. All alone I began hunting for inputs from villagers and visited various remote tribal hamlets”, Mishra told the New Indian Express.

Not getting any clue, he persisted looking around for the jawan as there was none even to confirm about his abduction.

“Some villagers eventually got sympathetic towards my quest and informed the Maoists who then contacted me on May 9. The rebels admitted that Kattam was in their captivity, interrogated and taken to different locations. I attempted to convince them that as an electrician in the police force he can never be a part of combat operations against the rebels.

"Besides, the kidnapped policeman was mentally disturbed. So, as a  humane gesture and considering the plea of his wife and children, he should be set free. But the naxals appeared reluctant asserting that a member of police department means a part of the force”, Mishra said, recollecting his negotiations with the Maoists inside the dense forest.

“I kept reassuring that he has nothing to do with weapons or any anti-Maoist operation. Then they perhaps took up the matter with their senior leaders”, the scribe added.

In the evening of the next day, Mishra got a phone call from the Maoists asking him to visit some unidentified location where the rebels had scheduled to organise the Jan Adalat (Naxal’s Kangaroo court). “I was told to come along with two of my colleagues and the jawan’s family members”, he said.

Mishra, accompanied by his colleagues Ranjan Das and Chetan Khaperwar (both journalists), travelled about 40 km through the forest to attend it.

“During a two-hour Jan Adalat in the afternoon of May 11, the electrician was grilled. Finally on the basis of majority views elicited from villagers in the Adalat, the Maoists released Kattam. We brought him and handed over to Bijapur deputy SP Ziarat Baig”, Mishra said.

“This is for the first time the Rebels had set free police personnel from a Jan Adalat — something very rare”, he said.

After his release, the banned Red brigade declared that they were setting him free on humanitarian ground. “The state government, which was least concerned about the abducted personnel, shouldn’t think his release as its victory. We set him free owing to the intervention of the media person, the appeal by the family, and the opinion of the villagers”, the Maoists affirmed.

After he was freed, Kattam said he had lost hope after remaining in Maoists’ captivity for a week.

Earlier in 2011, Mishra and his friends had facilitated the release of four jawans from the captivity of the Left-wing extremists.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

India: Maoist Quandary In West Singhbhum, Jharkhand – Analysis


By Indrajit Sharma*

On April 19, 2020, cadres of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) shot dead a civilian, identified as Raj Kishore Gope (35), a resident of Bhalurungi village in the Sarjamburu Forest under Goilkera Police Station limits in West Singhbhum District. The Maoists killed Gope suspecting him to be a ‘police informer’. Superintendent of Police (SP) Indrajeet Mahatha disclosed that about 20 Maoists intercepted Gope in the forest area while he was returning home late in the evening and shot him dead. Before fleeing, the rebels planted three Improvised Explosive Device (IED)-fitted arrows near the body to target the Police, who they believed would reach the incident site. The IEDs were, however, detected and subsequently defused by a Bomb Disposal Squad (BDS).

On April 4, 2020, three women cadres belonging to the Suresh Munda squad of the CPI-Maoist were killed in an exchange of fire between the Maoists and Security Forces (SFs) at Chirung village under Gudri Police Station limits in West Singhbhum District. SFs recovered over 500 rounds, arrow bombs, two IEDs, and Maoist literature from the incident site. SP Indrajeet Mahatha said that the rebels were present at the village to motivate the villagers to join their movement.

These two incidents of killing have been reported in West Singhbhum during the current year (data till May 10, 2020). During the corresponding period in 2019, no fatality was reported in the District. However, three civilian fatalities were reported in two separate incidents in the remaining period of the year in the District. West Singhbhum recorded two fatalities (both civilians) in 2018.

Since March 6, 2000, when SATP started compiling data on Left Wing Extremism (LWE)-linked violence across India, West Singhbhum recorded 177 fatalities (55 civilians, 75 SF personnel, 43 Left Wing Extremists, Naxalites, and four Not Specified) in such violence.

There are 80 Districts across 10 States which have recorded fatalities in both Maoist and SF categories since March 6, 2000. Only 24 of these, spread across six States, have recorded a kill ratio that favours the Maoists. West Singhbhum is one such District, where the overall kill ratio stands at 1.74:1 in favour of the Maoists.

This is despite the fact that the District saw its last SF killing on September 3, 2013. In that incident, a Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) trooper was killed in an encounter with the Maoists in the Tebo Valley of West Singhbhum District. SFs suffered 18 fatalities in 2002, 20 fatalities in 2004, 15 fatalities each in 2006 and 2009, five fatalities in 2010, and one fatality in 2011.

It was in 2010 that the Maoists suffered their maximum of 21 fatalities (in the District) in a year, including 10 fatalities each in the month of June and September. Since September 2010, the SFs have suffered only three fatalities.

The successful offensives launched by SFs in the District in 2010 dealt a major blow to the Maoists who, since then, have failed to take on the SFs directly. Sadly, the Maoists have increasingly directed their violence against civilians. Of 55 civilian fatalities recorded in the District since May 2000, 38 were reported between 2011 and 2020 (data till May 10). Between 2000 (since March 6) and 2010, nearly the same duration, there were just 17 fatalities in this category.

Located at the Southern part of Jharkhand bordering Odisha, West Singhbhum is the largest District in the State, covering 5,351.41 square kilometers, of which 53 per cent (around 2836.24 square kilometres) is under forest cover. The District borders Khunti in the North; Saraikela-Kharsawan in the East; Simdega (all three in Jharkhand) and Sundargarh (in Odisha) to the West; and Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj Districts of Odisha on the South. The steep mountains and deep forests in the District make it a formidable challenge for SFs.

Significantly, all these bordering Districts (barring Keonjhar and Mayurbhanj) as well as West Singhbhum,  are among the 90 Districts in 11 States listed as LWE affected, according to a Government release of February 5, 2019. Further, Khunti and Simdega, along with West Singhbhum, fall among the ‘30 worst Maoist-affected’ Districts, across seven States in the country, according to the Union Ministry of Home Affairs (UMHA). West Singhbhum is also listed as one of the Aspirational Districts included in the ‘Aspirational Districts Programme’. The programme focuses on five main themes – Health & Nutrition, Education, Agriculture & Water Resources, Financial Inclusion & Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure – which have a direct bearing on the quality of life and economic productivity of citizens.

Not surprisingly, the Maoists always had a strong base in the District. However, after facing reverses in their erstwhile stronghold in the Saranda Forest in the District, the Maoists reportedly shifted to the adjoining Sundargarh District of Odisha. Several Maoist cadres hid themselves in the villages in Saranda in the guise of cultivators.

Worryingly, however, a November 25, 2019, report observed that the Maoists were trying to re-infiltrate the District through the porous Sundargarh border linking up to the Saranda Forest. Working on a changed strategy, the Maoists move in small groups, occasionally using the forests under Bisra Police Station limits and the Bonai sub-division on the Sundargarh side of the border, as hideouts.

Indeed, a February 4, 2020, report observed that, in an attempt to step up activities and violence in eastern India, particularly Bihar and Jharkhand, prominent CPI-Maoist leaders such as Nambala Keshav Rao aka Basavraj, held a meeting in Saranda forests of West Singhbhum District, in which they decided to replace the aging Prashant Bose aka Kishan da (74) with Ranjit Bose aka Kabir (63). The latter is known for his expertise in mobilising masses against SFs, and carries a bounty of INR 10 million on his head.

Meanwhile, Raj Kumar, Inspector General (IG), Jharkhand Sector, CRPF, stated on April 7, 2020,

The recent incidents in the District vis a vis the State demonstrate that they (the Maoists) are active. The tri-junction of Ranchi, Khunti, and West Singhbhum Districts, the Parasnath Hills in Giridih and Budha Pahar in Bokaro, are some of the rebel hotspots in the State.

Further, according to an April 5, 2020, report, intelligence sources have revealed that the Maoists have restarted influencing the local residents in the District to come into the LWE fold. The report mentioned that the rebels were targeting areas in Sonua, Goelkera and Porahat region of West Singhbhum District to extend their base.

Following intelligence inputs, SFs have now been asked to intensify anti-insurgency operations in the District. On April 6, 2020, Jharkhand Finance Minister Rameshwar Oraon categorically stated, “The Police have been given complete freedom to rein in crime and Naxal incidents.”

On the ground, the administration has increased Police patrolling in the border areas of the District and has also deployed increased numbers of paramilitary personnel in areas of potential attack. Further, a May 4, 2020, report noted, the State Police has set up six CRPF camps at Saranda and another six are in the process of being installed.

The Maoists are desperate to regain their stronghold in West Singhbhum, creating a resurgent challenge for the SFs along the poorly governed inter-State border areas.

*Indrajit Sharma
Research Associate, Institute for Conflict Management



SATP, or the South Asia Terrorism Portal (SATP) publishes the South Asia Intelligence Review, and is a product of The Institute for Conflict Management, a non-Profit Society set up in 1997 in New Delhi, and which is committed to the continuous evaluation and resolution of problems of internal security in South Asia. The Institute was set up on the initiative of, and is presently headed by, its

Jharkhand: Encounter between police and Maoists at Bandgaon-Gudri border

May 12, 2020

An encounter took place between the police and Maoists at the Bandgaon-Gudri border in West Singhbhum district early morning today.

West Singhbhum SP Indrajit Mahatha said that a joint team of police and CRPF 60 battalion had an encounter with PLFI terrorists early this morning in the forest area of Kamarora, Jatrama area of Bandgaon. He said that many rounds of bullets have been fired.

Several ammunition rounds, four bikes, power banks and other daily use items have been recovered while searching the site. The search operation is still going on.

A Movement Undead

Shrrijiet Roychowdhary

Maoism as an ideology originated in China as a form of Communist theory derived from the teachings of the Chinese political leader Mao Zedong. This theory was developed in the 1950`s-60`s and was widely applied as the political and military guiding moto of the Communist Party of China till 1977-78. But soon it evolved as a way of living and was widely accepted around the world. The idea started off in China and soon spread across the world where democratic nations face an imminent threat from the maoist organizations who have blatantly turned radical in their methods for acquiring their needs.  

Maoism`s aim is to take control of the government and fundamentally transform the country to socialism. As Aristotle one said “The mother of revolution and crime is poverty”, the rise in poverty became one of the biggest drivers of instigating the movement not only in India but in China as well. China encountered a situation where its workers (rural area) revolted against their masters and landlords against marginalization of the poor in rural areas. The Naxalbari Movement lead by Charu Majumdar in 1967, was the first uprising in India  to mark the stepping stone of the ideology. Since then the Indian subcontinent has widened its line of sight for maintaining the internal security of the country which is hampered by these so called “naxalites”.

The current situation is the continuous influx of tribal converted in this region that is helping sustain their fight by supplying them with intelligence and more insurgent members. The years of 2001-14 have been the most active for Naxalites in India for carrying out attacks and building up their relations with support groups. This first started in early July 2001, when naxalite groups all over South Asia announced the formation of a Coordination Committee of the Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia (CCOMPOSA). This was the first formal international coalition formed under the umbrage of one ideology to acquire their targets and attain better results. What had raised concerns was that the most dreaded Naxalite groups in India, the People’s War Group (PWG) and Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) were contributing participants to the newly formed CCPMPOSA.

The naxals work on inspiring themselves with ideas from Marxist or Leninist or theories fostered by both. They identify pressure points for targets from sympathizers and intelligence groups and most importantly mobilize funds to carry out attacks. The theories which stir the movement create a simple distinction in the founding years of the political parties. The Communist Party of India Marxist-Leninist (CPI-ML) was formed by All India Coordination Committee of Communist Revolutionaries (AICCCR) in 1969. While the Maoist Communist centre of India (MCCI) was formed in 1975 when the some groups chose to maintain a separate identity from the CPI-ML. Another formal political party was the Communist party of India Marxist-Leninist People`s war commonly known as the People`s War group, an underground communist organization which started off in April, 1980 with the same intentions of serving the poor class. Though the militant group worked under its own discretion in the first two decades, but soon joined hands with the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI) in 2004. The merger of the Peoples War Group, with the Maoist Communist Centre in September, 2004, founded the Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) which completely changed the internal security scenario in the country. The merger was able to establish the so called Compact Revolutionary Zone or Red Corridor connecting the Dharmapuri forest area of Tamil Nadu with Nepal, covering the entire forest tracts in between. Home Ministry reports say that the dreadful insurgency has till now spread to 165 districts in 16 states[1].

The 21st Century has proved to be extremely advantageous for the Maoists as they were successful in recognising tactical alliances and adopt precise strategies for attaining their targets. The acts of brutality and anti-government notion soon started surging in their areas of activity. In response the Central government banned the CPI (Maoist) on 23rd of June, 2009[2]. This belated action came three days after the Central Para-military forces had gone to Lalgarh area of West Bengal which is still virtually under the siege of Maoists. Former Home minister P. Chidambaram also exclaimed similar nations in 2010 that left-wing extremism would be crushed within three years, but yet successive governments have been witness to Naxal acts of aggression which even continued in 2019. Over 20 years to 2017, Naxal/ Maoist violence claimed more than 12,000 lives, including 2,700 security forces personnel[3].

Various leaders have vowed to tame the Maoist menace by bringing in numerous urbanised developments to improvise connectivity and achieve better growth. But the aggressive enthusiasm of the Naxalites is fuelled by such actions of the government. Though there might be various other reasons for this revolution to still sustain which include deteriorating human development indexes, social discrimination, poor governance and loss of identity, the most important one of them being the increasing income gap in the country[4]. The crux of the problem in the naxal affected regions is the unequal distribution of the assets which majorly is the land. The incapability of the government to match up with the proper land reforms for the tribal people is something which adds on to their idea of how the government is trying to snatch away their land and give it to Multi-National Companies (MNC`s) for production purposes. The inefficiency of the land reforms has been a traditional policy inherited from the colonial period. This reform changed India`s land ownership patterns to ease the acquisition of land at low prices for mines, plantations, and other enterprises[5].

Main Years of Operation

Maoists since a long time have built their relations on cross border counterparts in neighbouring countries. This interconnected system of financial and strategic support between communist driven groups has helped them grow and sustain the revolution. Such extremist based organisations include Liberation of Tamil Tigers Eelum (LTTE) from Sri Lanka, Islamic state of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), Lakshar-e-Taiba (LeT), The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) and many more. Maoists mainly function through jungle hideouts where they expand their area of control by using the jungle as an advantage. The pattern of luring security personnels and targeting them with explosives is quite similar to these radical organisations and other radicalists in the neighbouring countries. A senior Naxal leader who surrendered in Maharashtra claimed that a warfare expert from the Philippines had visited once in 2001 and stayed in a Bastar Naxal camp in Abujmad for about a month to train cadres[6]. This was in collaboration to the Maoist insurgent groups in Philippines which had challenged the security agencies of the Indian subcontinent on such claims made by former-Naxal Leader. It was surely as arduous gamble to get a Philippines warfare expert on ground, with no probability of getting exposed to intelligence networks and security agencies. The Filipino taught them how to carry out mass attacks and mobilize sympathizers in times of need.

 Since then naxalites have not only improved their attack strategy but have also involved technology and concrete intelligence as one of the most important element of showing aggression. In the years 2005-06, Maoists spiked up their number of attacks to retain their number of insurgents to gather a strong working army. These attacks were extremely well timed with a series of guerilla attacks in different regions to shock central security personnels. This was mainly to lag their reaction time, thus there are instances where militants have hours of time to gather ammunitions and loot them over. Attacks were usually carried out in the night time, when the comrades could easily outnumber and strategically utilise the element of surprise to strike deeper. One of the biggest loots carried out by the Naxalites was the February 6, 2004 Koratpur ambush where 300 extremists loaded in two trucks, two jeeps and five motor cycles first reached the Koratpur Bus stand and clarified their intentions to the commoners of no harm to civilians while conducting the attack. The ultras spend around an hour collecting ammunitions from the armoury and then decamped with 1000 sophisticated guns and 1000 other weapons worth INR 50 crore. Further investigations by police personnels revealed that the extremists disbanded lower technologically advanced weapons in the forest but recent developed technology still remain in their possession. It was interesting to observe that these attacks displayed clear intentions of an upcoming radically aggravated event. These swarming attacks were shortly followed by jail breaks or attacks of a higher magnitude. Since the Koraput raid in 2004, Orissa witnessed only another three ‘swarming attacks’ involving the Maoist ‘people’s militia’ till the Nayagarh attack, out of 50 such attacks recorded in various states[7].

List of Ambushes for retaining ammunitions and captured comrades

DateArea of attackComrades attackingComrades freedDeaths and captives takenAmmunitions
6.2.2004Koratpur, Orissa3002002 CRPF Jawans500 weapons 30,000 rounds of ammunition
11.11.2005Home Guard Training centre Giridih, Jharkhand200  186 rifles 2,000 bullets
13.11.2005Jehanabad Jail, Bihar10003401 prison guard, 20 Ranvir Sena activists taken captive16 rifles
24. 03.2006Udayagiri town, Orissa80 ultras402 security officials; 3 bodies taken by naxalites 
16.12.2007Dantewada jailbreakEscaped on their own299 prisoners including 110 naxalites3 prison guards injured 
15.2.2008Nayagarh, BiharMultiple points 14 police personnel, 2 civilians2,150 arms 200,000 rounds of ammunition
15. 2.2010Silda, West Bengal  24 JawansAK-47, SLR and mortars 

Source: Institute of Peace and Conflict studies and other news reporting sources.

For instance, naxalite swarming attacks in Home Guard Training centre Giridih, Jharkhand was to refill their armoury for the attack carried out two days later in the Jehanabad Jail break. This created their essence to retain militants in command which are usually captured by state police. Ajay Kanu, state secretary of the CPI-Maoist was one of the targeted escapees of the Operation Jailbreak. The CPI-Maoist would project the Jehanabad attack as a resounding victory of the underprivileged, Dalits over the “feudal, oppressive and exploitative landlords”. Together all the militant cadres performed in a synchronised manner and strike at multiple points to successfully carry out an entire attack.

Suspected International Collaborations

Liberation of Tamil Tigers Eelum (LTTE)

 Attacks carried out by Maoists summarised self initiated efforts by utilising every advantage at their disposal to threaten and curb government led developments in their region of activity. But there are facilitators which have orchestrated the larger significant outgrowth of the organisation and helped them challenge and compete with India`s strategy to growing naxalism. Maoist leaders have been known to collaborate with their counterparts across the border in Nepal and also occasionally with sympathisers elsewhere in South Asia. The collaborations date back in the 1980`s when experts were send in from different regions of South Asia. In a sensational disclosure made by Azad, a spokesman of the naxal outfit’s central committee, while addressing media persons at a remote village in Bihar’s Supaul district bordering Nepal, 2005. “The Maoists learnt new warfare tactics from the on-the-run and purged LTTE military commanders in 1986-87,” he said, adding, “LTTE’s commanders gave them training of mine production and its laying techniques[8].

Their interests have expressed their needs of integration of two factions of the movement- the Bal Militia Wing and the procurement of advanced arms. These convergence of interest have resulted in a fillip to Naxal presence in southern Tamil Nadu districts like Theni, Tirunelveli, Thuthookudi and Ramanathapuram. Traditionally, Naxalites are confined to Dharmapuri, Vellore, and the northern districts of Tamil Nadu bordering Andhra Pradesh. The Periyakulum forests of Theni district has become the new home for Naxal training camps, officials on the Naxal trial said[9]. The LTTE had suffered serious backlashes in 2009, when they started infiltrating into Indian territories and started fueling their aspirations through resources in the country. Hence, the likelihood of the LTTE infiltrating into India to escape from the crackdown of the Sri Lankan security forces was high. In addition, they would also be looking to set up new training camps for their cadre.

Recent measures by the government to tackle the naxalites have sprouted even more urges for the naxalites to seek LTTE support. The Government has proposed to use aerial surveillance in forest regions of Chattisgarh which could have prompted them to seek training as the Tigers were the only recognized outfit to man such capabilities. The Defense Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) is prospecting new techniques which involve the deployment of highly sensitive radar provided by Swedish defense and aerospace outfit Saab. This is to be carried on board with the Indian made Dhruv Advanced light helicopter (ALH). This can help in detecting Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) used widely and extensively by Naxalites. The helicopter mounted CARABAS radar weighs about 150 kg. The smaller version of the radar, which has been developed for UAVs, weighs just 50 kg. Connections of the Naxals with the LTTE is suspected to be the most strategic as confirmed the allegation of the Sri Lankan Government that the LTTE had constructed an airstrip near Iranamadu in the Wanni area under its control in the Northern Province of Sri Lanka[10]. The Sri-Lankan government had identified at least two aircraft which looked like the Czech-built Zlin Z-143 and an active airstrip through Sri-lankan military helicopters[11].

Intelligence later suggested the Maoists are also prepared for aerial attacks as in one of the biggest CRPF ambush in April 2010, they were suspected to preserving Anti-aircraft missiles which they had probably smuggled in through the Indo-Bangladesh Border.

Bangladesh and ULFA (United Liberation Front of Asom) facilitators

The United Liberation Front of Asom was a political and military organisation functioning for a sovereign socialist Assam. During its initial years, Paresh Baruah was one of the leading members of the military wings as the outfit`s ‘commander in chief’. The ULFA is another such organisation which has been extremely successful in fostering its international connections. The ULFA has previously established contacts with the then unified National Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN), Kachin Independence Army (KIA) of Myanmar for training arms. It also enjoys its support from Pakistan`s Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) and the Afghan Mujahideen. Interrogation with various arrested activists revealed that the Defense Forces Intelligence (DFI) of Bangladesh had also trained ULFA cadres in the Sylhet District.

The United Liberation Front of Asom (ULFA) was responsible is carrying out one of the biggest arms haul in the history of cross-border terrorism. This terrorist outfit, operating in northeast India, had teamed with an embassy, to pay Taka 7 billion (99. 4 million dollars) for transhipment of 10 truckloads of arms, ammunition and explosives, said detained former state minister for home Lutfozzaman Babar[12]  There are suspicions of ULFA`s top leaders hiding in Bangladesh who carry out operations through local authorities. Ten truckloads of submachine guns, AK-47 assault rifles, other firearms and bullets were seized at the Karnaphuli coast in Chittagong April 2, 2004. The cache, detected by guards at a warehouse where it was hidden, was meant for the ULFA that was then staging violent attacks from Bangladeshi soil. The arms, purchased from China, were brought in a ship owned by a company belonging to Salahuddin Qader Chowdhury, a lawmaker and senior leader of Zia-led Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP)[13].

Another such incident captured two former Bangladesh army generals, who headed the National Security Intelligence (NSI), facilitating the landing of Chinese arms meant for insurgents in India’s northeast and for trying to smuggle these arms into India. 27,020 grenades, 840 rocket launchers, 300 accessories of rocket launchers, 2,000 grenade launching tubes, 6,392 magazines and 1,140,520 bullets were recovered in 2004 from from the jetty of the Chittagong Urea Fertilizer Limited April 2, 2004[14]. Now the illegal infiltration from Bangladesh is also a source of enormous strength to the Maoists. Bangladesh serves as a sanctuary to the Maoists as well. They are also fully exploiting the strategically situated Chicken Neck for moving freely into Nepal and Bangladesh. It is suspected that ISI supplies arms to north-east insurgents and asks them to pass on them to naxals. Taking the cue from LTTE regarding the advantage of overseas support, the CPI (Maoist) have identified cells for logistical support in establishing linkages other extremist outfits[15].


Maoists have also taken a step ahead in recognising other organisations where international journalists have mentioned about their developments. In an analysis for an American geopolitical Intelligence platform, Ben West on November 18, 2010 reported an alleged meeting between the Maoists and members of Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT). Two LeT operatives had attended a Naxalite meeting in April or May 2010. Though direct evidence of ISI-Maoist collaboration has been hard to discern, the unholy influence of ISI as a third-party entrant through the north-eastern gateway of India is quite plausible. Two LeT operatives attended a CPI-Maoist central committee meeting as observers, held sometime in April-May this year. They met in a jungle inside Orissa, close to Bastar,” said Vishwa Ranjan, Director General of Police of the state worst affected by Leftist insurgency in India[16].

In the preceding year, 2009, a LeT operative Mohammed Umer Madani (chief recruiter in Nepal and India) was arrested in Delhi. Madani was carrying foreign currency including USD 8,000 which he had received from Italy to carry out terror activities in the country at the time of his arrest. Meanwhile, the police also received the details of his two accounts at Himalayan Bank and Everest Bank in Nepal and learnt that there had been several transactions over past few months, amounting to more than Rs 25 lakh. He had already distributed US $ 22,000 and Rs 9.5 lakh to sleeper cells in Bihar and UP. He also revealed his plans of training recruitments from other parts of India in Maoist strongholds before sending them to Pakistan for further training[17].


Funds form an important section of sustaining the revolution. Operations carried out by central security agencies reveal that the Left-wing extremists who earn several lakhs of rupees annually through levy, extortion and threats have their own “corporate style” accounting system, central security agency officials said. A small portion of the finances is being spent on propaganda and development work in their base areas where they are running a parallel government, which they term Janatana Sarkar. Further, in villages where the Janatana Sarkar is functioning they are collecting what they call as ‘revolutionary taxes’ from the people. Besides, they term their extortion as ‘collection of levy’ and ‘imposition of fine’ on defaulters[18]. The ‘dalams’ or groups (which usually consist of about 20-40 cadre) give their tabled income and expenditure details on a half-yearly basis to the zonal command which is then forwarded to the next level[19].

Further expenditure details seized from one of the Naxals’ zonal commands show that Rs50,668 were spent on uniforms, Rs60,100 on medicines, Rs2,79,000 on jail and court expenses, Rs21,200 for helping comrades and Rs 44,500 for people’s organizations and public programmes among others.The total expenditure for the six months as shown in the record was Rs 9,20,624 and the income under different heads was Rs 24,05,000. As per an entry made in a separate register dated February 13, 2007, Rs 11, 05,000 were spent on buying 13 pieces of .315 rifle and Rs 13,65,000 on seven pieces of  30.06 rifles. The entries are also made for various ammunitions and pistols and the total expenditure shown by the zonal command was Rs 31,71,250 . Maoist groups in Bihar, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh use foreign small arms, including from China, as compared to states like West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh where the ultras use local arms[20].

The Maoists have been collecting not less than Rs 140 crore annually from a variety of sources: businesses –– big and small –– industry, contractors engaged in various trades, corrupt government officials and political leaders. The largest and principal sources of income for the Maoists are mining industry, PWD works and collection of tendu leaves. The Maoists have been able to put in place a well organized mechanism to extort money on a regular basis. Besides, they have conceived ingenious ways to store money and ensure its safety. Even as they have issued guidelines for the collection of money, the Maoists have, similarly, also circulated guidelines on expenditure and maintaining fiscal discipline.

The Movement is still reviving

John. F. Kennedy once said: “Mankind must put an end to war before war puts an end to mankind.” However, the truth is that the war on terror is unlikely to end. Man is in relentless pursuit of bringing an end to the existence of homo-sapiens, either in the name of righteousness or religion. The Maoist movement in India began three decades ago and many Indian states still reverberate with sounds of gunfire and explosives, resulting in the death of hundreds every few months[21]. As the Lok Sabha polls came to an end in 2019, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) MLA Bhima Mandavi and four security personnel were killed in an IED explosion attack suspected by the Maoist in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada. This movement has certainly not died down in actuality and there seems to be a spike in the number of attacks carried out recently around the region by its proponents, most of the recent ones centered on the Red Corridor. Security personnels still lack the training and the technological requirements in tackling the insurgency. It is still alarming to notice that, these movements are getting fuelled by international support. The number of people getting affected due to this is escalating till date where South Asia Terrorism portal recorded the 53rd attacks and around 107 killed in the left wing violence[22]. One of the most tragic events was the IED blast in Gadchiroli. More than 30 kilograms of explosives were used in the IED blast which killed 16 security personnels.

A movement still climbs it way to hamper the internal security of the country. The amounts of explosives used by them denote the continuous support by unknown groups and individuals for a very long period of time. Though there have been no proofs for international support but there surely is one that exists.

[1]  (Pashchimbanga, 2010)

[2]  ((MHA), 2017)

[3]  (Joseph, 2001)

[4]  (V.K.Ahluwalia, 2013)

[5] (V.K.Ahluwalia, 2013)

[6] (Despande, 2009)

[7] (Routray, 2008)

[8] (Sahay, 2005)

[9] (Rao, 2007)

[10] (Raman, 2005)

[11] (Raman, 2005)

[12] (IANS, 2010)

[13] (IANS, 2010)

[14] (IANS, Dhaka to prosecute 2 former spy chiefs smuggling arms for Indian rebels, 2009)

[15] (Pashchimbanga, The Great Saga of ABVP Braving Naxal Terror, 2010)

[16] (Sharma, 2010)

[17] (PTI, 2009)

[18] (P.V.Ramana, 2014)

[19] (PTI, Naxal groups spend huge money to buy weapons, reveal seized records, 2009)

[20] (PTI, Naxal groups spend huge money to buy weapons, reveal seized records, 2009)

[21] (Ipood, 2016)

[22] (SATP, 2019