Friday, September 25, 2020

Team sent to retrieve bodies of Maoists on HC order

TNN | Sep 26, 2020, 04:21 IST

Hyderabad: To implement the high court order to retrieve the dead bodies of three Communist Party of India (Maoists) to perform re-post mortem examination, Bhadradri-Kothagudem police have sent different teams of policemen into the interior forest area to bring the dead bodies.

Fearing the risk of Maoists attacking the police, utmost care is being taken by police to reach out the interior places with the support of armed Greyhounds commandos, since there is no proper road connectivity to those tribal villages. The three Maoists who died during exchange of fire were identified as Local Guerrilla Squad (LGS) commander Sodi Jogaiah, 25, a resident of Krishnarampadu of Charla, Dalam member Mandakam Malli, 22, a resident of Chennapuram and LGS member Mandakam Mangi, 24, a resident of Kuknoor in East Godavari of Andhra Pradesh. After the encounter, police handed over the dead bodies to their respective families and they took it to their villages. tnn

Naxalites killing more people in Bastar than Covid-19: Kaushik

 |  | RAIPUR

Maoists are continuously killing innocent people in Bastar and the Chhattisgarh government is doing nothing to end the murders, Leader of Opposition Dharamlal Kaushik charged on Wednesday.

“So far Covid has killed 50 people in Bastar while in the past four months more than 60 people have been killed in Maoist violence. Every third day a person is dying due to Naxal violence," Kaushik said in a press release.

"On the question of action against Naxals, the state government is mum,” he said.

He alleged that the government was hiding the true number of deaths in Maoist violence.

“The state government is claiming that Naxals have weakened in Bastar. Then how are Maoists placing their posters and banners in different district headquarters?” he asked

Naxals torch five vehicles engaged in road construction work in Chhattisgarh

Naxals torch five vehicles engaged in road construction work in Chhattisgarh

Rajnandgaon (Chhattisgarh) [India], September 24 (ANI): Five vehicles engaged in road construction in the Mohla police station area of Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh were set ablaze by Naxalites, Superintendent of Police D Shrawan said on Thursday.
According to the police, all these five vehicles were engaged in road construction work between Pardi and Parvidih village.
"A chain mountain vehicle, two mixer machines and two graders were set on fire last night," D Shrawan said. (ANI)

Top Court Hearing Next Week On 2013 Maoist Attack Which Left 29 Dead

On May 25, 2013, naxals had attacked a convoy of Congress leaders in Jheeram valley in Darbha area of Bastar district, killing 29 people, including then state Congress chief .

Updated : September 25, 2020 4:14 pm IST
Top Court Hearing Next Week On 2013 Maoist Attack Which Left 29 Dead

A bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan will take up the matter for hearing on September 29.

New Delhi: 

The Supreme Court Friday said it would hear on September 29 the plea of Chhattisgarh government against the refusal for examining of additional witnesses by the Judicial Commission set up to probe the 2013 Jheeram Ghati naxal attack in which in which 29 people, including leaders of state Congress, were killed.

The state government had challenged the orders of Chhattisgarh High Court dismissing its plea seeking direction to the Special Judicial Enquiry Commission to examine the additional witnesses in the case.

On May 25, 2013, naxals had attacked a convoy of Congress leaders in Jheeram valley in Darbha area of Bastar district, killing 29 people, including then state Congress chief Nand Kumar Patel, former leader of opposition Mahendra Karma and former Union minister Vidyacharan Shukla.

A bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that it would take up the matter for hearing on September 29.

The bench also comprising Justices R Subhash Reddy and M R Shah was told by senior advocate Abhishek Manu Singhvi that the commission had rejected the request to record the testimony of six crucial witnesses and closed the probe.

He said the commission had even refused to summon B K Ponwar, director of Jungle Warfare Training School, Kanker for recording his evidence as expert and rejected the prayer of the State to examine him and closed the proceedings.

"No one from the list of six witnesses have been examined by the commission," he said, adding that the additional terms of reference of the commission were given and it was accepted in September, 2019.

Mr Singhvi contended that what happened to these additional terms of reference as the examination of old witnesses continued and the fact finding commission did not examine the additional witnesses.  
The bench observed that Singhvi''s arguments on facts were not correct and said, "Your argument that the commission started working in September is not correct".


Chhattisgarh advocate general SC Verma also appeared in the matter.

In the appeal filed through standing counsel Sumeer Sodhi, the state government said that the High Court bench at Bilaspur on January 29 had refused to interfere with a single judge order passed on December 12, 2019 had dismissed the plea for examination of additional witnesses.


It said that on October 11, 2019 the commission has rejected the prayer of the state to examine more witnesses and has closed the enquiry proceedings without examining the said witnesses who are relevant for the purpose and objective with which the commission was constituted.

The state government said that the High Court failed to observe the purpose and intent of constituting an inquiry commission under the Commission of Inquiry Act, 1952.


The government said that the Commission adopted an "extremely narrow approach" while adjudicating upon the prayers of the petitioner and completely ignored the purpose and spirit of section 3 of the Commissions of Inquiry Act. 

The deadly ambush by heavily armed naxals took place when the political campaigning for the then assembly elections was on and the Congress leaders were returning after taking part in a 'Parivartan rally'' at Bastar district.

On May 28, 2013 considering the gravity and magnitude of the incident, the then Raman Singh led BJP government in the state set up a special judicial enquiry commission headed by Justice Prashant Kumar Mishra, a sitting judge of the High Court and was directed to submit the report in three months on circumstances that led to the attack and other related issues.

The tenure of the commission was extended from time to time by the state government.

On January 7, 2019, the judicial panel recorded that 67 witnesses have been examined in the matter and closed its proceedings and directed the parties to submit their written synopsis.

On January 21, 2019, the newly elected Bhupesh Baghel government in the state extended the tenure of the commission till December 31, 2019, for submitting its report and referred eight more terms of reference in addition to nine terms of reference given in 2013.

The state government claimed that on July 27, 2019, the probe panel reopened the proceedings and in September, last year observed that no fresh witnesses will be summoned after October 1, 2019.

On September 30, Officer in-Charge Sunder Raj P of the case filed an affidavit and on October 11, he made a request to the probe panel to examine the witnesses named in his affidavit on the ground that they were relevant for the enquiry.

The state government had also moved the application for summoning Ponwar for recording his evidence as expert

This Radical 1960s Movement In India Helps Explain Antifa Today

It is important for Americans, especially Republican lawmakers, to understand and study the Naxalite movement, as it provides a template to understand what is happening now.

FBI Director Chris Wray recently explained in detail threats to the republic from a range of subversive forces, from purposefully vague terms like “Russian efforts to influence American domestic polity” to leaderless but growing white supremacist movements. One thing stood out. Wray claimed the Antifa network is an ideology, not an organization, and therefore cannot be designated as a terror group. That goes against the wishes of his own boss, the president of the United States.

Now, it is understandable that the FBI cannot, by law, police ideologies. American law doesn’t allow government agencies to designate ideologies as destructive, as long as they do not promote active violence. In that way, it is different than Europe.

Germany, for example, can ban Nazi books, and Poland and Hungary can ban communism. But in the United States, ideas may be freely propagated, unless there’s actual violence. “We don’t really think of threats in terms of left, right at the FBI. We’re focused on the violence, not the ideology,” Wray noted.

The FBI accordingly has undertaken an investigation into individual actors who encourage or participate in violence but is apparently incapable of tackling Antifa as an organization. As the Associated Press reported, Wray said Antifa “is not a group or an organization. It’s a movement or an ideology.”

This is a flawed way to understand Antifa, as well as the threat it poses. It is easy to dismiss Antifa as a movement, not an organization, and therefore not subversive enough to threaten the existence of the republic. To do so is also historically flawed. Another movement, very similar in character, can provide a template to understand how Antifa operates and what it seeks. To understand Antifa, one needs to know about the Naxalite movement of the late 1960s.

Let’s Jot Over to India for a Bit

Communism was once a minor social force in pre-independence-India, jumpstarted among Cambridge University-educated upper-middle-class students during the colonial British period. This helps explain why it never was popular among the common people.

During the British period, socially successful Indians were all upper-middle-class and above, those who were either from princely or land-owning families or who had an educated background. They were the ones who worked in the imperial civil service, law, and other professional fields.

After all, Britain was a tiny country that ruled all over the world, and a significant majority of the local population supported and ran the empire. Stories of them are not told anymore because it would ruin the narrative of an evil colonial power exploiting lands faraway.

Of these people, who could afford to visit Britain for training and scholarship, a tiny subset was radicalized in Cambridge, a historically Marxist-dominated university. They then went back to India to start the vanguard party and lead the working class to revolution. They were not successful. The communist movement splintered into various factions, as communism is wont to do, and from that, the Communist Party of India was born.

Then the Communists Became Socialist Democrats

Post-independence, it was increasingly clear India wouldn’t see the violent revolution Karl Marx predicted. India in the 1950s, while under the borderline Peronist rule of J. L. Nehru with some broad socialist leanings, was still mostly democratic, and followed the British-designed system, with a Parliament and rule of law.

After some initial protests, therefore, the communist parties also started taking part in electoral politics and turned into Euro-style social-democratic parties favoring incremental electoral changes, not a violent overthrow of the democratic system. Most parties also changed their rhetoric after the Sino-Indian border war of 1962.

Nationalism was a much stronger social force than internationalism. While all the left parties retained their communist names and spoke in terms of workers’ liberation, they were no different than the student movements in Europe, which were broadly anti-Western and pro-Soviet. All except one. For some well-educated students, the dream of a violent revolution did not die. From that, the Naxalite movement was born, in 1967.

What Was the Naxalite Movement?

Like Antifa, the Naxalite movement was mostly a band of college and university students led by radical professors, mostly an upper-middle-class crowd who could afford university education in the 1960s. The hub of the student-led movement was Calcutta University, one of the oldest, most prestigious, and British-established universities in India.

Like Antifa, the movement was not centrally organized, although a lot of students called themselves Marxist-Leninists and actively looked up to Mao Zedong for ideological guidance, even though they never got any genuine support from Beijing. It was comprised of different splintered student groups, with their own local grassroots organizations and chains of commands.

Like Antifa, they had a medical unit, a scouting party, an intel-gathering movement, and “armed struggle” groups. The movement had different regional party structures with broad ideological overlap, while individual methods were dependent on local and regional politics.

For example, Antifa in Seattle and Portland might not be formally connected, but they broadly use the same tactics, study each other’s failures and successes, have a similar command structure, and support each other over social media. That is exactly how it was in India in the early 1970s. Local Naxalites, whether in the east or south India, differed in rhetoric and local politics, which was catered to the specific region and state in question.

Yet they broadly shared a similar organizational set up as well as attack plans, of hit-and-runs, burning government properties, and killing policemen. Although policemen are working-class, just like with Antifa they were nonetheless deemed class enemies and part of the oppressive structure. The hypocrisy of university-educated upper-middle-class rebels committing violence that mostly affects working-class people doing their jobs is ever-present in any leftist armed movement.

Elites Abusing and Abdicating Their Proper Roles

The Naxalite movement did not succeed. Just like the internal contradiction of elites pretending to be rebels opposed to nationalism and religion, it withered away and never got mass support. Every form of leftism, whether liberalism or Marxism, has always been about a vanguard movement, by “educated and enlightened elites” who think they can decide what’s good or bad for the hoi-polloi while pretending to be a mass movement.

There’s nothing wrong with being elites. Every society has some hierarchy, and both ancient aristocrats and Platonic epistocrats, for example, were openly elite-led. But the difference is in a left-winger pretending to be for the people while working against their interests and pressuring them to conform to his ideas. It ultimately becomes so blatant that it destroys any such left-wing movement from within.

Also, the republic of India cracked down brutally in the 1960s and ’70s, in a way that is unthinkable these days in either the United States or even India. Hundreds of students were killed in conflicts with local police; thousands were jailed for life. Thousands more reformed once they realized what they signed up for, or left the movement the moment there was an armed pushback from the state. Others were sent abroad by their rich parents. Like most middle-class citizens, counter-violence broke the back of pretentious rebels.

It is important for Americans, especially Republican lawmakers, to understand and study the Naxalite movement, as it provides a template to understand what is happening now. To think that disintegrated rebel movements without a central organization are not a threat to the republic is simply ahistorical.

It is also idiotic to deem them a movement without a structure. The structure is organic. It spreads, copies, and connects at a grassroots level. And it withers away the moment it faces a concerted political pushback. Whether they face that pushback is contingent on political will.

Sumantra Maitra is a doctoral researcher at the University of Nottingham, UK, and a senior contributor to The Federalist. His research is in great power-politics and neorealism. You can find him on Twitter @MrMaitra.

Chandramma, leader of Srikakulam Armed Struggle dies in Vizag

Chandramma, 70, wife of naxalite leader Paila Vasudeva Rao, died at the King George Hospital on Wednesday evening, after a brief illness.

By Author  |  Published: 24th Sep 2020  7:28 pm

Visakhapatnam: Hundreds took part in the funeral procession of Paila Chandramma, leader of the Srikakulam Armed Struggle, on Thursday.

Chandramma, 70, wife of naxalite leader Paila Vasudeva Rao, died at the King George Hospital on Wednesday evening, after a brief illness.

After joining the women’s wing of CPI in the late 1960s, she was active in the struggle against land lords in the region. Later, she served as a member of the armed wing of New Democracy party and married Vasudeva Rao, prominent leader of the naxalite movement

Security forces defuse 4 landmines in Jharkhand

Security forces on Friday defused four landmines allegedly planted by Naxalites on a road in Jharkhand's Palamu district, police said.

Press Trust Of India
Updated On: 

Security forces on Friday defused four landmines allegedly planted by Naxalites on a road in Jharkhand's Palamu district, police said.

The Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), weighing 12- 15 kg each, were laid on a road near Mansuria village in Manatu police station area, Superintendent of Police, Sanjeev Kumar, said.

"The landmines were laid to inflict casualties on the security forces. Investigation is on to find out which Naxalite outfit was behind it," the officer told PTI.

Manatu area borders Chatra district and Bihar's Gaya, where Maoists have a strong presence, he added

Asifabad encounter: CPI-Maoist calls for bandh in Telangana on Monday

Special police patrol the forests in Kumuram Bheem Asifabad district of Telangana. File photoSpecial police patrol the forests in Kumuram Bheem Asifabad district of Telangana. File photo | Photo Credit: S. Harpal Singh
Marri RamuHYDERABAD 25 SEPTEMBER 2020 12:15 IST

The outfit terms the recent exchanges of fire between police and Maoists as ‘fake encounters’

Communist Party of India (CPI)-Maoist on Friday appealed to people to observe bandh on Monday in Telangana State protesting against the recent ‘killingof eight of its members in Asifabad Kumarambheem and Bhadradri Kothagudem districts.

Also read: Take part in guerrilla warfare, bury operation ‘Samadhan’: CPI (Maoists) appeal to cadre

Describing the exchanges of fire between police and Maoists as ‘fake encounters’, the CPI-Maoist Telangana State Committee secretary Jagan called upon people to condemn the ‘killings’ and fight against ‘TRS government’. Despite the Maoists not carrying out any  attacks on police or political leaders in the recent past, the ‘TRS government and police’ were resorting to ‘fake encounters’, he said in a statement.



Rights activists and organisations should find out facts over these ‘killings’ and ensure persons responsible for the deaths secured punishment, he stated. All the slain Maoists Shankar, Srinu, Ayithu, Chukkalu, Baji Rao, Jogaiah, Raje and Lalitha belonged to Adivasi and oppressed sections.

"After catching the Maoists, the government killed them instead of sending them to prisons as per the laws", Jagan charged. TRS had misled people claiming that

‘Maoists’ agenda’ was ‘their agenda’. Soon after coming to power, TRS government began serving imperialists, capitalists and brokers at the cost of rendering justice to suppressed sections, the statement said.

Rights activists and members of people’s associations raising voice against government’s actions were being branded as Maoists and lodged in prisons. Worried of people questioning the government’s actions, TRS government gave extensive powers to police officials to wipe out Maoists movement, Jagan stated.

He alleged that police caught Maoist Shankar on September 3 when he went to hospital due to ill health and "eliminated" him in Devarlagudmen. Four days later, unarmed Srinu and Ayithu were caught at Poosuguppa. They too were "killed after being tortured", Jagan charged in the statement.

On September 19, Maoists Chukkalu and Baji Rao were picked up when they went to meet villagers in civilian clothes and later killed in Kadamba forest, he alleged. Three other Maoists were killed in near similar fashion at Chennapuram, he claimed adding that in all the incidents, stories of fake encounters were cooked up.

The CPI-Maoist Telngana secretary charged that, after the killing of two Maoists in Kadamba forest, police themselves issued a statement in the name of Maoist state committee member Bhaskar alias Adellu condemning the encounter to create confusion

Repeat post-mortem of 3 Maoists killed in encounter, says Telangana court

Alleging that it was a fake encounter, the petitioner demanded that cases should be filed against the police involved in the killing of the Maoists under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code.

Updated: Sep 24, 2020 20:34 IST

By Srinivasa Rao Apparasu, Hindustan Times Hyderabad

The Telangana high court on Thursday directed that the state government order a repeat post-mortem of the bodies of three Maoists, including two women, who were killed in an exchange of fire with the special party police forces in Bhadradri Kothagudem district on Wednesday night.

Acting on a petition filed by senior advocate P Raghunath on behalf of the Civil Liberties Committee, the high court directed that the bodies of the three slain Maoists, which were already handed over to their family members, be taken back and kept in a freezer at Kothagudem government hospital.

The court directed that the government take steps for conducting a second post-mortem of the bodies by forensic experts belonging to Mahatma Gandhi Memorial government hospital, Warangal.

The entire process of post-mortem should be video-graphed and the report should be submitted to the court in a sealed cover,” the court said and posted the case to October 5 for further hearing.

In the morning, the Civil Liberties Committee moved a lunch-motion petition before the high court requesting that a comprehensive inquiry be ordered into the killing of three Maoists in an alleged encounter with the police in Chennapuram forest areas of Charla block in Bhadradri Kothagudem district.

Alleging that it was a fake encounter, the petitioner demanded that cases should be filed against the police involved in the killing of the Maoists under Section 302 of the Indian Penal Code.

The committee also wanted that a revised autopsy be conducted on the bodies of the Maoists under the supervision of forensic experts either at Warangal or Hyderabad.

Meanwhile, Bhadradri Kothagudem superintendent of police Sunil Dutt said the bodies of the three Maoists who were killed in the encounter were identified and their bodies were handed over to the relatives.

The slain Maoists were identified as: Sodi Jogaiah (25), a local guerrilla squad member of Kishtarampadu village, Madakam Malli (22), a member of Chennapuram squad who had worked in protection team of Telangana state Maoist party member Azad alias Koyyada Sambaiah and Madakam Mangi (24) an LGS member of Bhuvanagiri village.

The SP said Jogaiah was involved in as many as 26 cases including killing of four people accusing them of police informers in the last three years

Wednesday, September 23, 2020

Two women among three Maoists killed in Cherla

Express News Service | Published: 24th September 2020 08:53 AM

HYDERABAD: In yet another blow to the outlawed CPI (Maoist) in Telangana, three Maoists including two women were killed during an exchange of fire with police forces in the Bhadradri Kothagudem district on Wednesday. 

Police recovered an 8 mm rifle, material used for blasting and other incriminating material and a kit bag from the spot located at Chennapuram forest area in Cherla.  

The forces are continuing combing operations, Superintendent of Police, Kothagudem, Sunil Dutt said. The identities of the deceased are yet to be established. On September 3, one Maoist who was the guard of senior Maoist leader Haribhushan, was shot dead in an encounter at Gundala in the district. In Kumrambheem Asifabad district, police gunned down two Maoists in an “encounter” with them in Kadamba forest area recently. 

Police seize a gun, kit bags and other material after exchange of fire
with Maoists on Wednesday

On Wednesday, several Maoist cadres escaped during an exchange of fire and fled into the reserve forest area at Paloncha in Bhadradri Kothagudem district. Police had recovered a SBBL weapon, kit bags, a solar plate and other incriminating material from the spot. As forces were combing the surrounding areas, several other Maoist cadre came into a face-off with the police at Chennapuram at around 7 pm. When asked to surrender, the Maoists opened fire at the police forces, forcing the latter to open fire in defence, resulting in the death of three Maoists.

Before the “encounter” in Asifabad district, movement of Maoist cadres in the bordering forest areas of Chhattisgarh were captured by security drone cameras. With receipt of intel that the ultras could venture into Telangana, combing operations have been intensified in the bordering forest areas, particularly in Cherla area

Spike in killings by Maoists in Chhattisgarh’s Bastar raises questions

An IPS officer posted in one of seven districts of Bastar region said that Maoists are now not afraid of any public outcry over killings of civilians.

Updated: Sep 23, 2020 19:50 IST

By Ritesh Mishra, Hindustan Times Raipur

In the last one month, 16 people, including eleven villagers, four security personnel and one forest guard were killed by Maoists in the districts of Bastar division. Bijapur witnessed 10 killings, including six civilians. These killings are a matter of serious concern for both the senior police officials and human rights activists working in the Maoist-hit region.

On Wednesday, a 22-year-old villager was killed by Maoists on suspicion of being a police informer in Jagargonda area of Sukma district. Similarly, a villager was killed in Bijapur on Tuesday for the same reason.

Police officers posted in the region said that there are several reasons for the increase in killings by the Maoist cadres.

“The state policy of going soft on frontal organisations of Maoists in the past one year has emboldened militia commanders. Second, the Maoists have realised that they have suffered heavy casualties in past few years due intelligence-based operations conducted by security forces. The intelligence is mainly human intelligence, so Maoists have started a brutal campaign to eliminate civilians,” said a senior intelligence officer.

An IPS officer posted in one of seven districts of Bastar region said that Maoists are now not afraid of any public outcry over killings of civilians.

“Maoists want to create an environment of fear among villagers which can help them increase recruitment. There has been a decrease in recruitment of sentries in 2017-18. The other very important factor behind the killings is that there is total indiscipline in ranks of Maoists, with local cadres now doing mass executions without even taking approval of senior cadres. And lastly, there is total ideological disarray with movement becoming an armed war with no ethics,” the officer added.

Sunderaj P, Inspector General of Police ( Bastar range ), said that as a result of conducting an effective campaign against Maoists, many of their camps were demolished.

“Realising that there is no future in Maoism, a large number of Maoists have also surrendered due to which the Maoists are frustrated and are trying to terrorise by killing and beating innocent villagers,” said the IG.

He further said that roads, bridges, culverts and other basic facilities have been provided to the villagers in the Bastar region in the last few years even in situations of lockdown and floods, which has increased the confidence of the villagers in governance, administration and security forces.

“They panicked after losing the confidence of the villagers and they are killing them,” said the IG.

Another IPS officer, speaking on condition of anonymity, said that for Maoists this is part of their extreme terror strategy.

“The present government is not that aggressive in comparison to the earlier one towards Maoists. Hence in 2016-17, the recruitment almost stopped. Now due to government policies, many lower cadres are surrendering and villagers are supporting the government which is rattling them,” said the officer.

What activists and tribal leaders say about the increase in killing?

Human Right Activist Bela Bhatia said the killings going on in Bastar should be condemned.

“Maoist killings of ‘police informers’ must also be condemned. Most of those who get implicated are also from the same villages or area, often the same ethnicity and class. The police put a lot of pressure on locals for information and some people do succumb. The question is whether these villagers have a choice in the matter. Can they say ‘No’ to the police? or the Maoists?,” Bhatia said.

Soni Sori, the tribal leader of Bastar division, also said that Maoists should be condemned for the killing.

“I don’t know why Maoists are killing villagers but this should be stopped. If Maoists claim they are here for tribals why are they killing them? Maoist should answer this question? Second, most of the killings took place in Bijapur district from where I am getting information that local police, specifically district reserve guard ( DRG) are beating common villagers which should also be condemned,” said Sori

Maoists on rampage, 12 villagers killed in a month

Rashmi Drolia | TNN | Sep 23, 2020, 14:22 IST

RAIPUR: After lying low for a few months, Maoists are unleashing terror in Bastar by targeting individual policemen and villagers with crude but gruesome methods of killing.

A villager was branded a police informer and bludgeoned to death with a borewell rod on Monday night, hours after a former cop was riddled with arrows at his home. To add to it, police are investigating reports of four villagers being murdered at a Maoist kangaroo court.

If true, it’d mean Maoists have murdered six people in a span of 24 hours — and 16 in four weeks, four of them policemen. The Maoist Gangaloor Area Committee is said to be behind nearly all these killings.

The modus operandi is brutally simpleunleash death squads to target individuals and kill them when they are alone on the village outskirts. Many such incidents in remote forest areas go unreported as villagers fear Maoist retaliation if they report it to police.

The blood-smeared body of Dasar Ramanna, 34, was found near his house in Futkel village of 


, about 480km from 


, late Monday night. Villagers and even his own family were too scared to call police, but news eventually trickled out and police recovered the body on Tuesday afternoon.

A leaflet found on the spot said the Gangaloor area committee was behind the murder. Police found that 15 Maoists barged in, branded him a police informer, and killed him in front of the villagers. He was battered with a borewell rod, stabbed and hacked to death. Officers deny he had anything to do with police.

Earlier on Monday, a former assistant constable of police, Bajji Attami, was shot to death with bows and arrows in his native village, Chikka. “Attami was posted at 


 police station when he was discharged from service on disciplinary grounds,” an officer said. Futkel and 


 villages are about 95km apart

Earlier on Monday, a former assistant constable of police, Bajji Attami, was shot to death with bows and arrows in his native village, Chikka. “Attami was posted at 


 police station when he was discharged from service on disciplinary grounds,” an officer said. Futkel and 


 villages are about 95km apart.


On Tuesday, reports surfaced of Maoists killing four villagers at a ‘jan adalat’ at Sawnaar and Kurcholi in Gangaloor, but police are yet to confirm it. “No one has reported the incident yet. We are verifying the authenticity of the reports,” said Sunderraj.

“It has been the modus operandi of Maoists to kill people to keep them terrified,” the IG said, adding that there is a combination of theories to explain the spurt in Maoist attacks on villagers and individual security personnel.

“There’s an input that Gangaloor area committee commander Dinesh Madiyami has been transferred and he doesn’t want to leave his base. With a show of power, he supposedly wants to prove his clout in the region. He has also carried out several rallies in villages to please senior commanders,” the IG told TOI.

Senior Maoist cadres give ‘targets’ to local militia members, provoking them to kill them as ‘police informers’, say cops.

On recent reports that more than 50 Maoists have sneaked into the forests of Bijapur from neighbouring 


, IG Sundarraj said, “Telangana cadres are mostly located on the inter-state tri-junction of Pamed-Basaguda-Usoor. It doesn’t seem they have swelled in numbers because their regular formations are spotted where they are expected. Moreover, security forces are alert to track any such movement.”

Chhattisgarh: Naxal camp busted in Bijapur district; jawan injured

Image for representation. Credit: iStock

A jawan from the District Reserve Guard (DRG) was injured while defusing an IED recovered at a Maoist camp busted by the security forces in Chhattisgarh's Bijapur district on Wednesday, police said.

A joint patrolling team of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and DRG busted a naxal camp in a forest of Mariwada-Gongla villages under Gangaloor police station area, inspector general of Police (Bastar range) Sundarraj P told PTI.

On sensing the presence of the patrolling team, ultras managed to escape into the dense forest abandoning their camp, he said.

Maoist uniforms, an improvised explosive device (IED), IED switches, torch, iron pellets, Maoist literature, tents, bags, medicines and materials of daily use were recovered from the camp, the official said.

A DRG jawan sustained minor stone pellets injury, when the IED recovered from the camp exploded while being defused, the IG said, adding that his condition is stable.

The search operation was still underway in the area, he said.

Meanwhile, there were reports that four villagers had been killed by naxals in Gangloor area and the patrolling team had launched the operation to confirm the information, said a police officer on condition of anonymity.

In the last one month, 10 people, including three policemen, a forest official and six civilians, were killed in separate naxal-related incidents in Bijapur district

Naxalites kill man in Sukma

 |  | SUKMA

A 22-year-old man was killed by Naxalites on suspicion of being a police spy in Chhattisgarh's Sukma district, the police said on Wednesday.

The incident took place in the Jagargunda police station area,  considered a Maoist stronghold.

The body of Uika Hunga, kidnapped by Naxalites last week, was found between Misiguda and Kunded villages by some locals on Wednesday morning, Inspector General of Police (Bastar) P. Sundarraj said.

According to preliminary information, Hunga, a resident of Kunded, was killed on Tuesday evening. The official said the exact cause of the death will be known after autopsy.

A handwritten Maoist leaflet found at the spot accused Hunga of being a police informer and stated that the Jagargunda area committee of the rebels took responsibility for the killing, the official said.

The police denied that Hunga was associated with them. A search has been launched to nab the Naxalites, the senior official said.

A family member of the victim told reporters that Hunga was kidnapped by Maoists on September 14 when he was returning after accompanying his sister to her in-laws' house in a nearby village, he added

Tuesday, September 22, 2020

A merger that changed the Maoist threat perception

Regular operations by the security forces have reduced the Maoists’ presence to small pockets of Chhattisgarh, AOB region and Dandakaranya, say police officials.Regular operations by the security forces have reduced the Maoists’ presence to small pockets of Chhattisgarh, AOB region and Dandakaranya, say police officials.
Sumit BhattacharjeeVISAKHAPATNAM 22 SEPTEMBER 2020 00:12 IST

The union of PWG and MCCI in 2004 gave the outfits the control of areas from Bihar-Nepal border to A.P.

In October 2009, then Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had said that Naxalism was the greatest internal security threat to the country. He said this in the wake of number of attacks by the Naxal group or the banned CPI (Maoist).

His observations still hold water, as the threat perception and area of operation of the CPI (Maoist) changed with the merger of two major Naxal groups on September 21, 2004. The weeklong formation week of Moaists began in the AOB region and areas controlled by them on Monday.

On September 21, 2004, two major left wing extremist groups the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist) People’s War or People’s War Group and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI) were merged and the Communist Party of India- Maoist or CPI (Maoist) was born.

Till then, though the two groups had some links, their areas of operation were located in two different geographical zones.

The MCCI led by Prashant Bose operated in Bihar, Jharkhand, Bihar-West Bengal border area and parts of Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, while the PWG led by Muppala Lakshmana Rao alias Ganapathi operated in the southern States of then undivided Andhra Pradesh, Dandakaranya area and parts of Maharashtra. The merger gave the outfits the control of many areas right from Bihar-Nepal border to Andhra Pradesh.

Even as the MCCI and the PWG fought turf wars over differences, the merger gave them pan-India presence and exposure that they always desired. They believed in achieving compact revolutionary zones (CRZ) or liberated zones.

They were successful in creating a red corridor and liberated zones from Bihar touching Chhattisgarh to AOB region,” said a senior police officer, who has been engaged in anti-Maoist operations.

The idea of Ganapathi, who became the general secretary of the CPI (Maoist), was to create a CRZ in the Central India from Bihar-Nepal border to A.P., thereby creating a linkage with the Communist Party of Nepal and Communist Party of Bhutan-Maoist.

Guerilla armies

The merger also saw the union of their guerilla armies. The People’s Guerrilla Army (PGA), the armed wing of the MCCI, with over 3,000 cadres merged with the PWG’s People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) with 3,500 cadres . The armed base jumped to over 6,500 cadres and a stockpile of 6,000 arms and ammunition that varied from AK series rifles to SLR and from country-made weapons to Lee Enfield rifles.

The naxalite movement, which was launched by Charu Mazumdar in West Bengal in 1969, have been ridden with internal bickering.

Founded by Kanai Chatterjee, the MCCI, then called as Dakshin Desh, never aligned with Charu Mazumdar’s ideology, despite sharing similar thoughts and objective . Dakshin Desh was renamed as the MCC in 1975 and it aggressively combined the mass movement with armed struggles under the leadership of Sanjay Dusadh and Pramod Mishra post 1980s. On the other hand, PWG, that was founded by Kondapalli in 1980, believed in the legacy of Charu Majumdar.

Special forces

The initial success of the Maoists saw the Centre deploying over 10,000 CRPF and BSF personnel in the affected regions. Every affected State now has its own special forces such as Greyhounds in A.P. and Telangana, SOG in Odisha and C-60 in Maharashtra to tackle them.

As part of Operation Samdhan and Green Hunt by the security forces, the presence of the Maoists have now shrunk to small pockets of Chhattisgarh, AOB and Dandakaranya. They have been wiped out largely from Telangana, says another police officer.

It is learnt that the chinks are emerging between the two groups in the form of reported difference over the leadership and dominance of Andhra-based leaders in the Central Committee. Differences reportedly have cropped up between Nambala Keshava Rao alias Basavaraj and Prashant Bose

Maoist posters resurface in Bengal, third incident since August

Two of these posters were found inside a compound where an office of the state land and land reforms department is located.

Updated: Sep 22, 2020 20:51 IST

By HT Correspondent, Hindustan Times Kolkata

On the eve of Independence Day last month around a dozen posters were recovered from three villages in the Bhulabheda area of Jhargram district another erstwhile hotbed of Maoist activity HT File photo

On the eve of Independence Day last month, around a dozen posters were recovered from three villages in the Bhulabheda area of Jhargram district, another erstwhile hotbed of Maoist activity. (HT File photo)

Four handwritten posters bearing the name of Communist Party of India (Maoist) were found on Monday at Sarenga in West Bengal’s Bankura district where the Maoists had a stronghold till the Trinamool Congress (TMC) came into power in 2011. This is the third time since August that such posters have been spotted in the western districts of the state.

Two of these posters were found inside a compound where an office of the state land and land reforms department is located.

Incidentally, Monday was the foundation day of the CPI (Maoist). On September 21, 2004, the Communist Party of India (Marxist–Leninist), People’s War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI) merged into one organisation.

A significant part of the local population in these areas comprises tribals.

On the eve of Independence Day last month, around a dozen posters were recovered from three villages in the Bhulabheda area of Jhargram district, another erstwhile hotbed of Maoist activity.

The posters urged the public to observe Independence Day as ‘kala divas’, or a black day. On September 4, some handwritten posters were found in Belpahari, which is also in Jhargram district.

“There is no evidence to prove that Maoists had put up the posters on Monday because they have no presence whatsoever in the region. All Maoists surrendered in or after 2011. They have been rehabilitated by the government. Most of them have got government jobs. The rest are waiting for their turn,” Surya Shankar Mondal, officer-in-charge, Sarenga police station, told HT.

“To establish a base, the Maoists need the support of local villagers. That is not possible anymore because perception of the local people has changed,” added Mondal.

A senior state intelligence branch (IB) officer said on condition of anonymity that the government is not sitting idle because West Midnapore, Purulia, Bankura and Jhargram had virtually become a ‘liberated zone’ of the Maoists between 2009 and 2011.

“The problem was tackled efficiently but we still cannot take chances,” the IB officer said.

Last month, chief minister Mamata Banerjee directed the police top brass to reactivate the counter intelligence force (CIF) that was created a decade ago to combat Maoists.

On September 7, Virendra, the director general of state police, visited Jhargram and West Midnapore districts and reviewed security arrangements

Maoists posters against PM Modi in Dhanbad

 |  | Dhanbad

Maoists let their presence be felt  once again by pasting  posters  and banners against PM Narendra Modi in Tundi area of Dhanbad district. Police found posters at Kolhar, Maniadih and some other locations on either sides of Kolhar — Maniadih road that connects several villages to the Dhanbad — Tundi — Giridih state highway.

The Maoist posters come up as part of the foundation day week that is being celebrated by the CPI- Maoists. The week commenced from midnight of August 21 And is to conclude on August 27 midnight.

Though the joint team of police and CRPF posted in the area removed the posters and banners,one of the several posters have  termed prime minister Narendra Modi as killer and has called to burn him dead in the  red fire of naxalbari along with the police officers who are working against the Maoists.

Another poster calls people to come out in large numbers and protest the Land Acquisition Act that the organization has termed as anti tribal and moolvasi of state. At same time another poster called for eliminating those who want to capture land of tribals and eliminate them from forests.

Maniadih police station -in- charge Santosh Kumar said the posters appear to be part of the attempts to intimidate people. All those including those on government school buildings and the culverts have been removed.

A joint foot patrol has been launched that moves at different locations of the area including Bansjor, Shitalpur, Shirajpur, Kunda besides others. CRPF inspector B Kumar is leading the joint foot patrol

Security tightened along Telangana state borders amid heightened Maoist threat

Express News Service | Published: 22nd September 2020 10:36 AM
For representational purposes

MULUGU: Security has been tightened in villages with Maoist presence along the Telangana- Chhattisgarh-Maharashtra borders.

In view of the week-long plenary announced by the Maoists party at Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project’s (KILP) Medigadda barrage, Annaram barrage, and Kannepally pump house in Mahadevpur mandal of Bhupalpally district, additional police force has been deployed in certain areas.

Special Party Police have also been roped in to guard the region.

The police have launched massive vehicle-checking operations, and are interacting with tribal youth to learn about the movements of armed squads of the Maoist party in Eturunagaram, Mangapet, Wazedu and Venkatapuram mandals in Mulugu district, Mahadevpur and Kaleshwaram in Bhupalpally district, and hamlets adjacent to Godavari along the Telangana- Chhattisgarh border

Cops use drones to track down Maoists on the run in Telangana

Express News Service | Published: 22nd September 2020 10:20 AM
An aerial view of the Kagaznagar forest division; (inset) Ramagundam CP V Satyanarayanna uses a drone to track down Maoists on Monday

ADILABAD:  Police personnel on the hunt for the six Maoists, who fled the ‘encounter’ scene on Saturday, are now using drones to track them down.

The Maoists who escaped police firing in Kadamba forest area are led by the outfit’s Kurambheem-Asifabad secretary and State committee member Mailerapu Adellu, aka Bhaskar. In fact, recently, the police had identified a group of Maoists crossing a river bordering Telangana and Chhattisgarh using drone cameras.

Officials are also monitoring footage of CCTVs installed in Kadamba forest, which were meant to capture tiger movement, so as to unearth clues about the escaped Maoists’ whereabouts.

They have also intensified combing operations with the help of Greyhounds and Special Police in Asifabad district, especially in the forest areas of Kadamba and Penchkalpet, and the banks of Pranahita, Penganga and Godavari rivers.

No one to claim body

The bodies of the two Maoists who were killed in the encounter on Saturday were kept in Sirpur Hospital. While Jugnak Badhi Rao’ body was handed over to his family, Chukkal’s body was claimed by none.

The police had informed the Chhattisgarh police about his death, but no one from his family claimed his body. Jugnak’s funeral was held on Sunday under police watch in Adilabad.

Those on hit-list asked to move to safe houses

Khammam: Based on inputs from intelligence agencies, the police department has asked persons, who are on the hit-list of Maoists, to leave their villages for a safe house for at least a week.

Security has been beefed up in all police stations located in Bhadrachalam’s agency areas. Kothagudem SP Sunil Dutt and Bhadrachalam ASP Rajesh Chandra are monitoring the situation