Saturday, October 17, 2020

NIA cites Stan Swamy ‘letter’ in chargesheet to bolster Elgar case

Bharti Jain | TNN | Updated: Oct 18, 2020, 09:18 IST

NEW DELHI: Nation Investigation Agency (NIA), which is facing flak from some quarters for the arrest of Jharkhand-based activist Stan Swamy, is relying on a letter as crucial piece of evidence against the octogenarian Jesuit priest chargesheeted last week for helping the outlawed CPI(Maoist).

The communication allegedly written to a fellow CPI(Maoist) comrade by Stan Swamy had called the leakage of letters meant for senior leaders of the outlawed outfit, “extremely worrisome”, blaming it on their limited knowledge of methods of forensic data recovery. In the letter, which was submitted as evidence in the chargesheet filed by NIA in the Bhima-Koregaon-Elgar-Parishad case, Stan said such “grave mistakes” come with “heavy costs” of exposing the “secret channels and our open comrades who operate these channels, leading to their prolonged incarceration”.

He underlined the need to enhance knowledge among cadres about such forensic data recovery methods “in order to prevent future mistakes”.

Meanwhile, another letter from co-accused Rona Wilson to an unidentified fellow comrade, which also forms part of the chargesheet seen by TOI, pitches for formation of an anti-fascist front on the direction of the CPI(Maoist) “by giving traction” to movements of Dalits taking shape in south Tamil Nadu and Gujarat and of Muslim minorities in 


, Karnataka and Maharashtra" and offering activists behind these movements militant training in “revolutionary armed struggle areas”. Such a front, she purportedly says, should confront “fascist” forces on the ground at the village, small town and cities and neighbourhood levels in urban areas.

NIA chargesheet also states that lawyer-activist Gautam Navlakha was fixing appointments and meetings between active urban cadres and underground leaders of CPI(Maoist) under the garb of “fact-finding missions”.

In the alleged letter by Stan, recovered from an electronic device seized by NIA even though it was delivered by a human courier, he rues how the exposure of secret communications had added to the damage in Maharashtra, 


 and Andhra Pradesh. Stan also expressed worry over the absence of Varavara Rao due to his incarceration, saying there was no senior leader of equal experience to guide the Maoists and People’s War cadres in a coordinated fashion. This, he warned, could further split leading comrades working at all-India level and discourage new comrades from joining CPI(Maoist).

Stan, as per the letter, also said the arrests in Maharashtra and Delhi (a reference to Elgar-Parishad case) had “severely crippled our legal defence group” handling defence of political prisoners. NIA sources claimed the reference was to co-accused Navlakha. “Ones left are not experienced enough to correctly understand and counter the shrewd, multi-faceted strategy employed by the enemy forces,” he pointed out.

Calling the state police “a chronic pain” for continuously disrupting CPI(Maoist) activity in urban and interior areas, he said Hindu ideological forces were seeking to reap electoral benefits, “as we lose base among the poor and middle classes”.

"We we must do everything that is possible with the current human and financial resources to disrupt the fake development propaganda disseminated by slander campaign of BJP/RSS corporate-friendly family,” adds Stan, as per the letter perused by TOI.

Pointing to “cues from recent events in (West) Bengal”, the Jharkhand-based priest purportedly states that the central committee (CC) of CPI(Maoist) was closely watching BJP political strategy and had vowed not to let it succeed at any level. Stating that the arrest of G N Saibaba and Rona Wilson had disrupted communication with international Maoist forces, he said DU assistant professor and co-accused in Elgar Parishad case Hany Babu had been tasked by CC to assume responsibility of international cooperation. NIA has charged Hany Babu with coordinating visits by foreign mediapersons to Maoist strongholds.

Muzaffarpur police arrest woman candidate

Debashish Karmakar | TNN | Updated: Oct 18, 2020, 08:20 IST
Picture used for representational purpose only

PATNA: One Bharti Devi, who has filed her 

nomination papers

 to contest the state assembly election from Minapur, was arrested on Saturday when she reached 

Muzaffarpur collectorate

 for scrutiny of her papers.

She was arrested for her alleged involvement in an 18-year-old case of 

Maoist violence

 lodged with Motipur police station in 


 district, assistant SP (West) Syed Imran Masood told TOI over phone.

He said Bharti herself is a Maoist commander and is accused in at least eight cases of Maoist violence lodged with different police stations in Muzaffarpur district. “She is the daughter-in-law of Maoist leader Musafir Sahni, who was lodged in Beur jail at Patna and died during treatment at PMCH in August this year. Her husband 

Rohit Sahni

, also a Maoist leader, is in jail,” he said.

“Police allowed her to get the scrutiny of her nomination papers completed. Thereafter, she was taken to court as she had not secured bail in the 18-year-old case,” he said.

Masood said Bharti has filed her papers on the symbol of one Bhartiya Sanyukta Kisan Party. “She is accused in an FIR lodged with Motipur police station way back in 2002. The case is related to an encounter with Maoists in which weapons were recovered,” he said. Masood said she had secured bail in all the cases against her, except this one.

Her background was verified two days back when she filed her nomination papers. Later, police came to know through sources that there was a case pending against her with Motipur police station and she was arrested on Saturday,” he added

Friday, October 16, 2020

Maoist killed in fire exchange with security forces in Korsaguda jungles of Bijapur

Maoist killed in fire exchange with security forces in Korsaguda jungles of Bijapur

Bijapur (Chhattisgarh) [India], October 16 (ANI): A Maoist was on Friday killed in an exchange of fire with the security forces near Korsaguda-Auvutpalli jungle under the limits of Basaguda police station in Bijapur district of Chhattisgarh, officials said.

According to officials, the exchange of fire took place at around 9:30 am today.

A joint operation was launched by Basaguda Police and 168 Battalion of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) towards the Korsaguda-Avutpalli jungle area based on intelligence input about the presence of CPI Maoist cadres of Jagargunda Area Committee.

During the search, the body of one male Maoist along with one muzzle-loaded rifle and huge quantities of country-made weapons, explosive materials and camping materials was recovered from the site.

The Naxal killed in the encounter has been identified as Vikesh Hemla, Jan Militia Commander of Korsaguda, PS Basaguda, District Bijapur. The deceased was involved in various Maoist activities and incidents in the region and was carrying a reward of Rs 3,00,000 on his head.

Additional reinforcement troops have been sent to the nearby jungles to search for the presence of more Maoist cadres in the area. (ANI)

Naxalite killed in gunfight with security forces in Chhattisgarh


Raipur: A Naxalite was killed in a gun-battle with security forces in Chhattisgarh’s Bijapur district Friday, police said. The encounter took place around 9.30am inside a forest between Korsaguda and Outpallivillages under the Basaguda police station. A joint team of security forces was out on a search operation when the gun-battle took place, IG Police (Bastar range) Sundarraj P told this agency.

The patrolling team, comprising personnel from the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) and local police, was cordoning off the forest when ultras opened fire at them, Sundarraj informed. The security personnel swiftly retaliated, the IPS officer added.

After the guns fell silent, the body of a Naxal along with a weapon and Maoist-related materials were recovered from the spot, around 450km from state capital Raipur, stated Sundarraj

Thursday, October 15, 2020

Maoist surrenders before SP in Adilabad

A native of Chinna Dampur village in Narnoor mandal, Lingu was one of the members of Kumram Bheem-Mancherial dalam led by Mailarepu Adellu alias Bhaskar.

By Author  |  Published: 15th Oct 2020  6:15 pm
Maoist surrenders before SP in Adilabad
Adilabad: Kodapa Lingu, a member of Maoist squad voluntarily surrendered himself before Superintendent of Police Vishnu S Warrier here on Thursday. He was produced before the media by Warrier.

A native of Chinna Dampur village in Narnoor mandal, Lingu was one of the members of Kumram Bheem-Mancherial dalam led by Mailarepu Adellu alias Bhaskar. He joined the squad three months ago. He decided to quit the outfit after the recent exchange of fire between policemen and Maoists in the forests of Kadamba village in Kaghaznagar mandal. He said he just about managed to survive the encounter.

Recalling his experience with the squad, the 28-year-old said that working with Maoists was nothing short of hell. “You don’t get drinking water, food and accommodation facilities. You lead a miserable life, facing risks every day,” he recounted, adding that he would like to lead a happy life with his family and earn a livelihood doing some work.

The surrendered extremist advised youngsters not to get attracted to the ideologies of the banned organisation and stay away from it. “All the members of the squad are undergoing severe stress. They do not have any liberties and cannot take any decision on their own,” he stated.

He was all praise for the policemen for having cordial relations with the people and for addressing their problems.

Warrier assured of a rehabilitation package for Lingu to help in join the social mainstream. He said that some more members of the squad were ready to follow suit, adding that the outlawed party was following outdated ideologies. “No one believes in the doctrines of the extremists,” he said.

Trainee IPS officer Akanksh Yadav, Utnoor DSP N Uday Reddy, AR DSP Syed Sujauddin Special Branch Inspector Naveen, Adilabad II town Inspector P Srinivas and Reserve Inspector O Sudhakar Rao were present

CoBRA unit and Maoists clash in Gaya ahead of first phase of Bihar election

No casualties or injuries were reported from either side in the encounter at Khajutia Bathan that started at around 4.30 am, police said.

Updated: Oct 15, 2020, 13:25 IST

By Avinash Kumar, Hindustan Times Patna

A unit of the Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA) of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)  clashed with a group of Maoists early Thursday morning in the hilly and forest areas of Chakarbandha in Bihar’s Gaya district, around 165 km from the state capital, police said.

No casualties or injuries were reported from either side in the encounter at Khajutia Bathan that started at around 4.30 am, police said. The Maoist escaped into the deep forest. Security has been heightened in five Maoist-affected districts of the state which go to polls in the first phase of the assembly election on October 28.

Following the encounter, the 159 battalion of the CRPF stationed at Aurangabad district and police forces from adjoining Palamu district of Jharkhand were sent as reinforcements.

Police said the 205 CoBRA battalion had seized several incriminating documents and electronic gadgets from the forests while conducting combing operations to nab the Maoists.

Around 1200 companies including central paramilitary forces have been deployed across the state to ensure peaceful polling in the first phase.

Click here for full coverage of Bihar Assembly Election 2020.

Police sources said Thursday that an operation had been on in the Chakarbandha area since October 12.

“When our parties were searching, some men with AK-47 rifles and SLRs fired at us and we retaliated. As a result, they fled from the scene in the dark”, said a security personnel.

Gaya’s senior superintendent of police Rajiv Mishra confirmed the incident and said that extremists opened fire on the security forces.

“Search operations and intense combing operations are on at Imamganj, Dumaria, Bankebazar, Lutua, Sevra and other places to catch the Maoists,” he said.

According to reports from Gaya and Aurangabad districts, the Maoists have started poster campaigns and have set off explosions in remote areas ahead of elections to show their presence in their former strongholds. At least nine Maoists banners exhorting people to abstain from voting have been found in the state.

However, officials at the Bihar police headquarters downplayed the poster campaign. Despite the posters creating a flutter among the city residents, the senior police officers had said that it could be the handiwork of some anti-social elements trying to create fear ahead of the elections. Some of the posters also accused police of conducting fake encounters.

Indigenous Communities Can Counter Naxals and Protect Forests in India

On the night of July 11, Naxalites blew up 12 buildings in the forest department’s field office-cum-quarters in the Berkela forest area of Pashchimi Singhbhum district in Jharkhand, India. Naxalites are Maoists who have fought a bloody insurgency against the Indian state in some rural and forest areas for over six decades. In 2006, Manmohan Singh, the prime minister at the time, called this insurgency “the single biggest internal-security challenge” the country has ever faced.

360° Context: The State of the Indian Republic


In recent years, the Naxalite insurgency has ebbed. So, this attack sent shock waves across administration in general and the forest department in particular. Fortunately, no one died in the attack. The Naxals asked staff to vacate the premises and warned of consequences if police were informed before destruction. Even as the police swung into action to apprehend the attackers, forest officials huddled together for introspection.

Forests, Minerals and Indigenous People

I have served in the jungles of Jharkhand as a forestry professional. The attack has made me reflect deeply. Naxalite attacks in Jharkhand are not new. For years, Naxals have intimidated state functionaries through various means, including attacks and assassinations. To understand the persisting nature of the Naxalite insurgency, we have to examine Jharkhand closely.

Jharkhand is a state that lies to the south of Bihar and the west of Bengal, two fertile Gangetic states of India. To its southeast and southwest, it borders two other poor but resource-rich states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha. Jharkhand literally means “bushland.” It is endowed with rich natural resources, including both forests and minerals such as coal, iron, copper, mica and uranium.

Jharkhand is predominantly inhabited by diverse indigenous communities. The Indian Constitution gives these communities a “scheduled tribes” status. As per the 2011 census, they comprise 8.2% of India’s population. In contrast, scheduled tribes form a much higher 26.3% of the population in Jharkhand. Historically, Jharkhand was a part of Bihar and the people of Jharkhand felt neglected and marginalized. Therefore, they agitated for a separate state both to safeguard their identity and to achieve control over their rich resources of “jal, jungle aur jameen,” Hindi for water, forests and land.

On November 15, 2000, Jharkhand was formed. I remember the date fondly. A grand function was held in Ranchi’s Raj Bhawan, the governor’s house. I was still what is called a “probationer” in government parlance. As an officer of the Indian Forest Service (IFS), I was doing my training at the Shri Krishna Institute Public Administration just across the road from the Raj Bhawan. Many officers were visiting from Patna and staying at the institute’s guest house. They were also milling around the resplendent surroundings of the Raj Bhawan.

The staff of the guest house who belonged to the scheduled tribes were in a jubilant mood. I asked one of them, a gentleman named Khalkho, as to what the formation of Jharkhand meant for him. His instant response, “abua dishum, abua raj,” which translates as “our state, our rule,” still rings in my ears. Khalkho also went on to inform me that henceforth it would be his children, not dikus, the local term for outsiders, who would get preference in  jobs.

Despite two decades of abua raj in abua dishum, all is clearly not well in Jharkhand. Berkela is barely 15 kilometers from Chaibasa, the district headquarters of Pashchimi Singhbhum. Scheduled tribes form 67.3% of the population in the district, and the region is rich both in mineral and forest resources. Forest cover forms about 47% of the area, making the district rich in biodiversity. The famous Saranda forest, known for excellent Sal trees and its natural regeneration, is also located here. Much of the Jharkhand’s mineral wealth, especially iron ore, is found under these forests.

These rich resources have not improved the living standards of scheduled tribes of the area. Instead, the forests have become home to the Naxals who take refuge there. Various development agencies have shied away from this area. Only the forest department dares to venture there to fulfill its duty to protect and conserve Pashchimi Singhbum’s forests for posterity. The Naxal attack will certainly sap the department’s morale.

To combat Naxalism, the forest department has to connect with local communities. Addressing their livelihood issues is essential for winning the trust of marginalized people in a resource-rich land. Only winning goodwill in Pashchimi Singhbhum and elsewhere would help combat the Naxal menace.

Yet there is a problem. First, the mandate of the forest department is mainly the protection, conservation and development of forests, not providing livelihood or improving living standards for local communities. Second, the department lacks adequate resources to reach out to communities even if it was given the mandate to do so. The budget allocations for forest departments across India have been low and Jharkhand is no exception.

Involve Indigenous Communities to Save Forests

Few realize that forests and indigenous communities have a symbiotic relationship whether in the Amazon or in Pashchimi Singhbhum. They worship nature and tend to revere trees. They have used forest resources sustainably for centuries if not millennia. Therefore, it is important for any forest department to work with these communities. To be fair to the forest department in Jharkhand, it is already making an effort to do so. However, it faces a vicious timber mafia that is hell-bent on chopping down trees to meet rising urban demand. Mining — legal and illegal — is another threat to forests and local communities. Too often, the forest department finds itself outgunned and is unable to protect these communities or the forests they live in.

Goal 15 of the Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations aims to “protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.” To achieve this, the government of Jharkhand has to focus on people-oriented natural resources governance. Simply put, they have to involve local communities in the conservation of forests and make the forest department work closely with them.

My experience of working in various forests in Jharkhand tells me that sometimes, overzealous measures by dogmatic forest officials do more harm than good. They often take draconian action against indigenous communities for petty offenses that probably should not have been illegal in the first place. After all, these communities have to live. The forests are their only sustenance. So, draconian implementation of some laws leads to the forest department losing the trust and faith of the indigenous communities.

Of course, there are many forest officials who are empathetic, courageous and exceptional. They interact with local communities on a day-to-day basis. Indeed, these officials maintain high moral standards even when their very lives are in danger.

The Naxals are not like Russian or Chinese communists of the last century. They do not really have any ideology. Instead, they have become a vocation for unemployed, disgruntled and misguided youths. Many Naxals are recruited by intimidation and are then subjected to indoctrination. Quite a few of them start enjoying the power that comes from wielding a gun. These youths invariably come from marginalized indigenous communities and find Naxal propaganda seductive.

To counter the Naxals, both the state and central governments must gain the confidence of the indigenous communities living in the forests. To do so, the government must protect their forest-based livelihood. It must also generate sustained employment through forest-based skill development programs that teach indigenous communities to put their incredibly rare know-how to good use.

Such policies would increase the living standard of local people. They would also turn the indigenous communities into the eyes and ears of the government, thwarting Naxal violence. These policies would also involve the delegation of some powers and financial authority to local forest officials and indigenous communities. It would be fair to say that it is time for a real abua raj in abua dishum.

*(Atul Singh, the founder, CEO and editor-in-chief of Fair Observer, provided inputs for this article.

Tuesday, October 13, 2020

NIA charges 8 accused with Maoist conspiracy

The NIA claimed Delhi University professor Hany Babu Musaliyarveetil Tharayil, charge-sheeted last week along with seven other people in the case, inculcated sympathies for Maoists among students in Delhi, especially Dalit students.

Updated: Oct 14, 2020, 03:02 IST

By Neeraj Chauhan, Hindustan Times New Delhi

The National Investigation Agency (NIA) has laid out damning charges of Maoist conspiracy, receiving funds and recruiting cadre for left-wing extremist groups and inculcating sympathies among university students, against prominent activists and academics arrested in connection with the 2018 Bhima Koregaon caste clashes.

The NIA claimed Delhi University professor Hany Babu Musaliyarveetil Tharayil, charge-sheeted last week along with seven other people in the case, inculcated sympathies for Maoists among students in Delhi, especially Dalit students.

In a 10,000-page charge sheet – filed last week and reviewed by HT on Tuesday – the agency said Babu had with him documents pertaining to “mass mobility, analysis of cities like Mumbai, Surat from political, geological, socio-economical, religious profile as if done to see the potential of making inroads for Maoists”.

Some documents mentioned methods for mastering of secret works, instructions of central committee of Maoists on work required to be done in urban areas; guidelines for work in working classes, finances, information literature related to a weapon, bomb, mortar as well as company drill of PLGA (People’s Liberation Guerilla Army), the charge sheet said.

He was also in touch with a secretary – Paikhomba Meitei - of a Manipur-based banned outfit Kangleipak Communist Party- Military Council (KCP-MC), NIA adds

Asserting that Babu was an active member of CPI (Maoist), the charge sheet added that he organised an event for the release of Delhi University professor GN Saibaba under the banner of ‘committee for the defence and release of G N Saibaba’. Saibaba is currently in jail on charges of alleged Maoist links.

Babu’s wife, Jenny Rowena, denied the allegations.

“I don’t think he even knows about any of these things. It’s good that they have filed a charge sheet because now we can fight the charges in the court of law. As far as his role in G N Saibaba committee is concerned, it’s in public domain. And the documents which they took away this year, they were always there. Why didn’t they take the same earlier? If there was something secret in documents recovered from him, wouldn’t we have destroyed it?”

Last Friday, the NIA filed the charge sheet against eight persons. They are: academics Anand Teltumbde and Hany Babul; activist Gautam Navlakha; activist Father Stan Swamy; three members of Leftist cultural group Kabir Kala Manch - Jyoti Raghoba Jagtap, Sagar Gorkhe, Ramesh Gaichor; and secretary of Maharashtra State Committee of the CPI (Maoist) Milind Teltumbde, who is said to be on the run.

The case pertains to the violence that broke out in the village of Bhima Koregaon on January 1, 2018 during a celebration of a British-era war by Dalits, and left one person dead. The NIA has claimed that event held on December 31, 2017 in Pune called the Elgaar Parishad was used by Maoists to plan and fuel the violence. In all, 16 people have been arrested in connection with the case.

On 83-year-old activist Father Stan Swamy, arrested last week, the charge sheet said he received Rs 8 lakh from an individual identified as “Comrade Mohan” for spreading the activities of CPI (Maoist).

Several documents recovered from his place, which are part of charge sheet, allegedly included “an underground handbook, letter between cadres for using encryption, mini-manual of urban guerilla, the constitution of CPI Maoist, documents related to the status of PLGA in excel sheet, document on strategy and tactics”.

In one of the letters seized from him, it is allegedly stated that Maoists were keeping an eye on the strategy of the Union home ministry pertaining to operations against them.

According to NIA, this letter suggested that after the arrest of Telugu poet Varavara Rao (in November 2018 in connection with the same case) – referred to as ‘VV’ in the letter -- Maoists’ Central Committee felt they had no leader of equal experience, a situation that could lead to further splintering among the cadre, especially those working at an all-India level.

“If we don’t take immediate measures, the new comrades who wish to join the party may become skeptical of our sincerity and ability to fight the fascist political powers in India,” the letter allegedly recovered from Swamy read.

This letter is now part of the charge sheet.

Another letter allegedly recovered from Swamy – dated July 2017 and written in Telugu, according to NIA -- forms the basis of the Elgar Parishad programme on December 31 that year as it talked about organising an event under the leadership of activist Sudhir Dhawale --- who is also behind bars -- to further the agenda of CPI (Maoist).

Ranchi-based food rights activist Siraj Dutta said, “Father Stan Swamy has been working for the rights of Adivasis for decades. It’s all to harass him.”

On the role of Navlakha, the NIA charge sheet said that his job was “to unite the intellectuals against the government” in urban areas to defeat it both physically and otherwise”.

“Navlakha participated in fact finding committee (for Maoists’ work in urban areas); assigned task for recruitment of cadres for the guerilla activities of CPI (Maoist) and knew about the young activists in Delhi, Mumbai and Chhattisgarh who were ready to join and serve the Maoist revolution”, the charge sheet said.

NIA said Navlakha allegedly visited Dandakaranya – a densely forested area in Bastar in Chhattisgarh that is largely controlled by Maoists - with Swedish author Jan Myrdal, known for his Marxist-Leninist ideology.

Yug Chaudhry, Navlakha’s lawyer, denied the charges. “Yes, he has gone to the jungle for academic purposes. He has met the Maoists and written a book about Naxalism. It’s not a crime to study Naxalism.”

As first reported by HT in July, the NIA charge sheet also mentioned that Navlakha met a senior official of the Pakistani spy agency ISI, through Ghulam Nabi Fai, a US-based Pakistan-bankrolled Kashmiri separatist who was arrested by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in 2011.

From Navlakha, the NIA allegedly recovered strategic documents of Maoists, critical secret communications with underground senior leaders

Chargesheet in Elgar Parishad case: CPI Maoist documents, letters on ‘anti-fascist front’ cited by NIA

The agency last week submitted its first chargesheet in the case, which was filed in connection with the violence on January 1, 2018, in Pune.

From clockwise: Gautam Navlakha, Stan Swamy, Hany Babu, and Anand Teltumbde.

Literature on 50 years of Naxalbari, CPI Maoist press releases, a guide on encrypted data communication on GSM network, a mini manual of “urban guerrilla”, “information literature related to weapon, bomb, mortar” and letters discussing issues like raising a militant “anti-fascist front” in the wake of attacks on Dalits and minorities — these are among key evidences cited by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) against activists such as Stan Swamy, Hany Babu, Gautam Navlakha and Anand Teltumbde in the Elgar Parishad case.

The agency last week submitted its first chargesheet in the case, which was filed in connection with the violence on January 1, 2018, in Pune.


According to the chargesheet, which names eight accused, Swamy was in communication with CPI Maoist cadre Comrade Arun in which he said that after the arrest of “urban CPI Maoist cadres” from different parts of the country, particularly Maharashtra, a huge “irrevocable damage has been caused to the party”. The letter allegedly said that party directives were not followed, due to which heavy damage has been caused to the party.

“Investigation has revealed that he received Rs 8 lakh through one Comrade Mohan for furtherance of the CPI Maoist activities,” the NIA chargesheet said.


Listing evidence recovered from Swamy’s home, the chargesheet said, “The documents recovered from Swamy are related to literature of 50 years of Naxalbari, CPI Maoist press releases, circular issued by Central Committee, literature on how to smuggle things (sneak it through smuggling made easier), letter to Swamy from one Prashant, letter to Vijayan Dada from Stan Swamy regarding mobilising of Adivasi and regarding concerns raised by CC, guide of encrypted data communication on GSM network, message on the celebration of the 13th anniversary of CPI Maoist, an essential underground handbook, letter between comrades for using encryption, mini manual of urban guerrilla, the Constitution of CPI Maoist, documents related to the status of PLGA in excel sheet, document on strategy and tactics of Indian revolution.”

In a reference to activist Sudha Bharadwaj, it said, “Documents recovered during searches at (the residence of) Surendra Gadling on April 17, 2018 also indicates the role of Swamy being discussed between letters from Com Sudha to Com Prakash.”


Advocate Mihir Desai, who is representing many of the accused (including Stan Swamy) in the case, said, “All these people are falsely implicated in the case. Until now, whatever evidence I have seen is not worth the paper it is written on.”

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The chargesheet said that a document seized from accused Rona Wilson mentions the “purpose of formation of anti fascist front” on the direction of CPI Maoist.

Quoting the document, the chargesheet said: “Despite the weakness we face in raising United Fronts at all India level today there is greater urgency to form an anti Fascist front…”

The document allegedly asks for the front to directly confront “the Fascist forces and their ideology” on the ground with militant action.

“The front has to come up at the village level in urban areas with militant sections of the people being organised. In order for this to gradually develop in the process from the very beginning we should bring together most militant Dalit and Muslim forces that are already taking shape in some parts of the country. For example, such Dalit forces are taking shape in South Tamil Nadu and Gujarat and Muslim minority forces in Kerala, Karnataka and Maharashtra are giving militant training to hundreds of cadres. This phenomenon is gaining momentum in the wake of militant and armed attacks on Dalit and religious minority people by the organised Hindutva. They want to take training by going into revolutionary armed struggle areas,” the chargesheet said, quoting the document.

A letter in Telugu dated July 2017 and addressed to Comrade Sunil from Sridhar is also mentioned in the chargesheet, where it is stated that activist Sudhir Dhawale be given responsibility “about organisation of programme by the name Brahmanical Hindu Anti Fascist Front for furtherance of CPI Maoist agenda which culminated into the formation of the front Bhima Koregaon Shauryadin Prerana Abhiyan which resulted into organisation of Elgar Parishad Programme on December 12, 2017 at Shaniwarawada in Pune.”

The chargesheet added that there was also a discussion about avoiding the name of the Anti Fascist front as it would appear negative to the public.

Quoting another letter allegedly seized from Swamy, where there are detailed discussions on how to encrypt online communication and how recent police actions have crippled Maoist leadership, the chargesheet has spoken about internal Ministry of Home Affairs strategy against Maoists reaching their leaders.

In Telangana, Srinivas was given the responsibility to ensure political protection for VV, though he contributed significantly in providing internal MHA strategy being used in enemy operations against us, he failed to lead negotiations to VV’s freedom or at least regular bail. Now it has led to cascading losses on several fronts. Without VV there is no leader of equal experience who could guide… the people’s war in a coordinated fashion,” the chargesheet said, quoting the letter.

The letter has also instructed that all SC leaders work with “the principle of no rest, no negligence and no mercy” and to do everything possible to “disrupt the fake development propaganda disseminated by star campaigners of BJP RSS corporate friendly family”.

The letter has gone on to talk about how the Central Committee fears all this could lead to further splits among leading comrades and make newcomers sceptical of the leadership’s abilities and sincerity. NIA sources said VV stood for Varvara Rao.

Citing other such documents and letters, the chargesheet has alleged that “Com R and S”—NIA claims they stand for Rona Wilson and convicted Delhi University professor G N Saibaba—were supposed to handle liaisons with international Maoist parties and in their absence the responsibility has been given to Hany Babu.

“Babu has inculcated Maoist sympathies amongst the students in Delhi and more specifically in Dalit and other students,” the chargesheet said.

Among the documents seized from Babu, the NIA has listed documents that deal with “analysis of cities like Mumbai, Surat from political, geological, social, economical, religious profile”. It has said the analysis was done “as if to see the potential of making inroads”.

Other documents recovered from Babu include “instructions of central committee of Maoists on work in urban areas; guidelines for work in working classes; information literature related to weapon, bomb, mortar; some letters exchanged with Maoists cadres; a guide book for area committee members; literature regarding recommendation for using for communication by Naxals; company drill of PLGA etc.”

There are also documents related to account/amount of financial transaction related to activities of CPI (Maoist), the NIA has alleged.

Maoist posters threaten politicians in Mulugu

Express News Service | Published: 14th October 2020 09:25 AM
For representational purposes

MULUGU: Letters and posters, purportedly written by Maoists threatening TRS and BJP leaders, were found pasted on walls in Shapalli village of Eturunagaram mandal in Mulugu district on Tuesday.

In the posters, the banned CPI (Maoist) have warned that if combing operations in forests do not stop, the leaders of both parties would meet a similar fate of TRS leader Bhimeswara Rao.

On October 10, a group of Maoists stabbed Rao to death in front of his family, sending shock waves across Telangana.

They have also warned former Maoist Mudraboina Sampath that it is unfair of him to move policemen in his vehicle. Punishment is inevitable at the hands of the people, the posters read. They also stated that forest officials, DRO Prahlad, Ravinder, Sandeep and many others need to change their approach.

KCR is increasing police presence slapping illegal cases against those who oppose him, the posters stated.

Meanwhile, police have been on high alert after receiving information that a group of armed Maoists entered Mulugu district from Chhattisgarh. P Shoban Kumar, OSD of Jayashankar- Bhupalpally and Mulugu, said that combing operations with 10 teams have begun in forest tracts. They have intensified vehicle checks across Eturunagaram, Tadavai, Wazed and Venkatapuram manuals

Gunfight breaks out between forces, Naxals in Jharkhand's Latehar; casualties suspected

PTI | Published: 13th October 2020 11:13 PM
Representational Image (File Photo | AFP)

LATEHAR: An exchange of fire between the security forces and militants of the banned Tritiya Prastuti Committee (TPC) took place in Jharkhand's Latehar district on Tuesday, officials said.

Some casualties among the militants are suspected in the gun battle in the Jerma forest in the Chandwa area that lasted for around two hours in the evening, they said.

"The militants were in civil dress and on seeing a police team they started firing.

When police retaliated, they escaped into the thick forests," said Prashant Anand, the superintendent of police of Latehar.

Traces of blood were found at the encounter site because of which it is suspected that there may be casualties among the militants, he said.

Security personnel are searching the encounter site and additional forces have been sent to the scene, he said.

A rifle, large quantity of cartridges, explosive materials, a mobile phone, a diary and Naxalite literature have been found at the site of the encounter, officials said.

A gunfight between the security forces and the Naxalites took place in the area after a long time, they said.

Monday, October 12, 2020

Jharkhand: Wanted Maoist commander, 3 aides bid farewell to arms

By Mukesh Ranjan| Express News Service | Published: 12th October 2020 09:26 PM
Maoist zonal commander Boyda Pahan (in white mask) and his three aides with cops after surrender (Photo | EPS)

RANCHI: Wanted Maoist zonal commander Boyda Pahan, along with his three aides, surrendered before police in Ranchi on Monday.

Pahan, who had a bounty of Rs 5 lakh on his head, decided to lay down arms as he was impressed by the surrender policy of the State Government.

The surrender took place in presence of Ranchi range DIG Akhilesh Jha, Deputy Commissioner Chhavi Ranjan, and SSP Surendra Kumar Jha at New Police Lines in Ranchi. The other three Maoists who surrendered are Gonda Pahan, Birsa Mundu, and Birsa Munda.

Police said Boyda Pahan was involved in about 48 cases related to murder, extortion, loot, and encounter with police. 

“Boyda Pahan was a zonal commander and has 48 cases registered against him in different police stations in Ranchi and Khunti area of Jharkhand. It’s good that they have decided to join the mainstream,” said DIG Akhilesh Jha. All of them have surrendered after getting impressed by the surrender policy of the State Government, he added.

Presently, they have been handed over a cheque of Rs 1 lakh each, while other benefits under the ‘Nai Disha’ scheme of the Jharkhand Government will be given to them after that, said the DIG.

After his surrender, Boyda Pahan revealed that he also had pressure from his family members to surrender and get into the mainstream. He has a wife and two children in his family.

“I decided to surrender only after getting impressed by the surrender policy of the State Government as I want to get into the mainstream so that my children can become responsible citizens,” said Pahan. He wanted his children to be doctors, he added

Dialogue with dissent: Maoist movement

The outlaws must come up with clear demands concerning the people they claim to represent
CPI (Maoist).
Telegraph file picture
Anshuman Behera

Speculation over Muppala Lakshmana Rao alias Ganapathy, the former general-secretary of the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist), surrendering is rife. The possibility of Ganapathy’s surrender not only signals the fall of the ‘revolutionary ideology’ but also highlights factionalism among the Maoist leadership. Having lost substantial ground to the security forces, the Maoists are now limited to pockets in Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Maharashtra. With Nambala Keshav Rao alias Basavaraj taking over the mantle of general-secretary and Madvi Hidma, a tribal from Sukma, the chief of the Central Military Commission, the ideological imperatives of the Maoists may be taking a back seat. Basavaraj’s prime strategy, it seems, is to scotch the growing perception that the Maoist movement is on its last legs.

While their movement is losing support base and is not being able to spread to new areas, it wouldn’t be right to write the Maoists off. The killing of 17 security personnel in Sukma in March this year and, again, 15 of them in Gadchiroli, Maharashtra, in May 2019 demonstrate the ability of Maoists to launch strikes. The State may have an upper hand but it has not been able to end the conflict. While dealing with the Maoist conflict, the Indian State has adopted the twin approach of security and development along with surrender and rehabilitation and ensuring the rights of local communities. The development initiatives, the State claims, have been ‘effective’ but the challenge has remained. Similarly, in their decades-long movement, the Maoists are yet to achieve any of their stated objectives. In a conflict in which both parties are engaged in violence and counter-violence, the only option that could reduce risks is dialogue.

The State does not have a rich experience in this respect. Peace talks between the Maoists and the government of undivided Andhra Pradesh ended abruptly adding to mutual bitterness; the West Bengal government’s intention to hold peace talks did not materialize either. A number of well-meaning civil society organizations have, however, underlined the need for dialogue between the State and the Maoists.

The role of the State is critical in facilitating a dialogue. It is the State that must create the conditions that would convince the Maoists to sit across the table for negotiation. As a first step, the withdrawal of the Central Armed Police Forces deployed in and around areas with Maoist presence would send out a positive message. Since Maoist violence is on the decline, a temporary withdrawal of the CAPF merits scrutiny. The Maoists should reciprocate by shunning violence completely. A second step should be the identification of civil society groups, especially those working at the local level, which can articulate the demands of the Maoists and reason with the State’s perspective. These organizations must be able to identify local issues integral to the dialogue. This is because contrary to the popular idea that the Maoist insurgency concerns overarching national issues, the grievances at the local level differ substantially.

The Maoists must come up with clear demands concerning the people they claim to represent. Coating such demands with ideological rhetoric creates ambiguities in the entire process. The absence of a formal dialogue between the State and the Maoists notwithstanding, there are reports of informal negotiations between the Maoists and the local people, political parties and social organizations across multiple spaces and fora. Formal negotiations might consider drawing ideas from these exchanges. But attempts by one party to win over the other could potentially derail the process. This, in turn, would have disastrous implications for the people that both warring parties claim to represent

Is Bheemeshwar Rao’s murder by Maoists a fresh challenge to Telangana police?

Marri RamuHYDERABAD 11 OCTOBER 2020 22:59 IST
UPDATED: 12 OCTOBER 2020 10:03 IST

Recently, DGP flew to Asifabad to motivate officials

The killing of Bheemeshwar Rao, who was said to be closely associated with the ruling TRS, by CPI (Maoist) in Mulugu district, is the first formidable challenge thrown by them to police forces in recent times.

A few months ago, police enhanced combing operations following inputs about movement of Maoist squads in northern Telangana districts abutting Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh. In fact, the Telangana Intelligence department and local police are continuously keeping tabs on Maoists.

It it not an exaggeration to say that police had the upper hand in the ongoing battle with the outlawed Maoists for the past few years. Police had to step up their operations after movements of Maoists squads were noticed in Asifabad district.



During the searches, three or four exchanges of fire took place.

Bhaskar alias Adellu, Maoist State Committee member, was believed to have escaped from police during these exchanges of fire.

Following this, DGP M. Mahender Reddy flew to Asifabad and had a series of meetings with the field-level officers, apparently to motivate them and plan operations to check intrusion of Maoists.

Within last few weeks, eight Maoists were neutralised by police forces in ‘exchanges of fire’ reported in Asifabad, Bhadradri Kothagudem and Mulugu districts.

But the killing of Bheemeshwar Rao by Maoists in Venkatapuram mandal came as a jolt to the police forces who stepped up combing operations with their elite commando forces like Greyhounds.

The victim was not a top leader of the TRS or an influential person locally.

Yet the murder by Maoists in Venkatapura mandal assumed significance since top police officials of Telangana State and Central Reserve Police Force met recently in Venkatpur to formulate strategy to check Maoists.

Police sources said the killing was executed by Bhadradri Kothagudem East Godavari (BKEG) area committee secretary M. Jogulu alias Sudhakar.

It is yet to be ascertained if Sudhakar was physically present when the plot was executed.

However, it is believed that a group of six militia members from Chattisgarh participated in the killing.

The victim’s family members told the police that ‘Maoists in plain clothes’ came to their house in the dead of night.

One of the family members said that though a couple of Maoists were carrying firearms, one of them carrying a knife stabbed Rao to death. It is suspected that by the time the local police learnt about the killing, the Maoists would have crossed Telangana border and disappeared into Chattisgarh forests.

In the past one year, presence of the Maoists in northern Telangana districts was confined to their movements now and then.

The major violence perpetrated by them was the alleged killing of an MPTC member Srinivasa Rao in mid-Sileru area of Charla mandal.

Barring that, no violent incident involving them was reported in the area.

Recently, they blew up land mines on the roads at a couple of places near mid-Sileru project area.

However, killing a person within a few days of top police officials holding a meeting in the area created ripples locally

Sunday, October 11, 2020

Former TRS leader stabbed to death outside his house allegedly by Maoists

Bheemeshwar Rao a former TRS leader killed by Maoists
By arrangement

A group of six men, allegedly belonging to the banned Communist Party of India (CPI) Maoist, has killed Maaduri Bheemeshwar, a former leader of the ruling TRS party, in Mulugu district of Telangana, on Saturday night. According to police, the incident took place at Alubaka village in Venkatapuram mandal of Mulugu. The police said that at least six members barged into Maaduri Bheemeshwar’s house before they dragged him out and stabbed him with a knife.

Speaking to TNM, the district police officials have confirmed the murder while withholding the further details. However, the police alleged that Bheemeshwar was murdered as he refused to give funds to the Maoist party.

The six men left a letter at the scene of the crime, which is being examined by the police. The letter, purportedly written by Maoists, sought the resignation of local TRS and BJP leaders while warning that the "similar fate" will be meted out on the people who are "dominating" people. 

A case of murder has been registered and an investigation is underway. In a communication to TNM, Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) Sai Chaitanya said that he was killed by six armed Maoists as he refused to pay funds for the party.

"The deceased was a TRS party member but has given up all political activities and was living his life as a fertiliser shop owner. They had asked him for some party fund, but he stopped giving any money,” said the ASP, adding that the Maoists alleged that Bheemeshwar was killed for "acting as an informer" for the police. 

Bheemeshwar is survived by his wife and three children. According to the police, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) leader was running a pesticide shop in Venkatapuram.

The ASP further stated, "They have committed this crime in retaliation to the recent deaths of their cadres in encounters, and to instil fear in tribal areas."

In the month of September,  Telangana saw as many as four encounters between the police and Maoists, resulting in the deaths of eight alleged Maoists. Three encounter killings took place in Bhadradri Kothagudem and one in KB Asifabad. 

With the fresh incident, the district police have alerted the public representatives and increased vigilance across the interior regions. The Mulugu district, along with Jayashankar Bhupalapally, Kothagudem, KB Asifabad and Adilabad, has been witnessing extensive combing operations by the state Greyhounds (Anti -Maoist Special Police Unit).