Saturday, May 08, 2021

Naxalism: The Red Terror In India – Analysis



The word Naxal comes from the village of Naxalbari in West Bengal, which was the site of the Naxalite peasant revolt in 1967. Naxalists believe in uprooting the discriminative system of haves and have not and create a society of equality based on the ideology of Karl Marx. Its epicenter was in West Bengal but rapidly it spread into other states of India such as Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana through the activities of underground groups like the Communist Party of India (Maoist). Also Maharashtra’s Gadchiroli district is highly affected by the Naxalists. 

Types of Naxalism

1. Urban Naxalism- Urban Naxals believes in ideological change and influence people to stand against the state. They provide full support to Rural Naxals.  

2. Rural Naxalism- Rural Naxals are indulged in armed struggle with the state. 

Naxalism Vs Maoism 

Naxalism is an internal aggression that emerged due to extreme exploitation and lack of governmental efforts in terms of development. It should not be confused with Maoism as Maoism referred to the ideology of Mao Zedong in China although it has the same way of forcing the government but Naxalism emerged in India from three different regions Naxalbari, Kharibari and Phasideva. First it emerged in Naxalbari that is why it was named Naxalism. Their goal is to through the existing government system out and creates a new social order.

History of Naxalism

Historical if we look it started around 1964 in its first phase and eradicated by Indira Gandhi government and later in 1980’s it emerged again with its second phase eventually in 2004 it got its third phase with the merger of MCC of Bihar and PWG of Andhra Pradesh as CPI-Maoist later it bifurcated in many other groups one of them was CPI-ML Janasakti.

Current Status On Naxalism in India

Comparative statistics of Naxal violence (2005-2018)State Initiatives to deal with Naxalism

Government has adopted surrender policy for Naxalists, the state has given opportunities to the youth to join the security forces in Naxal affected regions with ease, started talks with the insurgent groups, promoted primary and higher education also initiated the developing works of road constructions and bridge constructions etc.

Why Eradicate Naxalism?

Now the issue is that it has lost its values and often targets civilians, extort money from them and often put fire on their houses and whenever government tries to start developing works they fail them by abducting government officials and even killing the officials and arson the JCB and other construction machines.


The state has to cut the main sources of funding to Naxalism and smuggling of weapons to the Naxals. Finally security forces need to locate the Naxalists from the Jungles and deep forest areas, where the Naxal camps are active. The state can take help from the local people and increase the number of Salwa Judums. 

*Pankaj Kumar Sain, is a Political Analyst and has a Masters in Political Science

Seek help if you have Covid: Cops to Maoists

TNN | May 9, 2021, 00:29 IST

Hyderabad: For the first time, state police have appealed to Covid-19 affected Maoists to approach police for medical help. The appeal has come from the police of 


 affected Bhadradri Kothagudem district.

Senior police officials of Bhadradri-Kothagudem district have appealed to Covid-19 affected Maoists to approach the police for medical help, offering best possible medical aid.

“We have heard that some of the Maoist party members including a few leaders operating in Telangana-Chattisgarh border areas and Dandakaranya special zonal committee are suffering from Covid-19. If they need medical help, they can approach the police,” Kothagudem SP Sunil Dutt said.

As per the information of police, Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee member Sujata along with few others have been affected with Covid-19. “Top leadership of Maoist party get dedicated medical attention but the lower rung suffers a lot. We appeal to the lower rung Maoist party workers to join the mainstream if the leadership tries to prevent them from seeking medical help for Covid-19. We will provide all possible assistance including medical aid,” the SP said

Wednesday, May 05, 2021

Landmine Planted By Maoists Defused By Security Forces After Controlled Blast

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Narrow escape for security forces from the deadly explosives laid by the Naxals. Security forces were able to foil the Naxal plot after detecting a powerful landmine. The explosive was planted in Minapa jungle in Chhattisgarh bordering on Odisha’s Malkangiri district. According to reports, the landmine was around 10 kgs in weight and was detected during an operation by CRPF. The landmine was detected through a metal detector. The landmine was then retrieved by the security personnel. Later it was defused by triggering a controlled-blast and a major disaster was averted. It is reported that the police & security forces had information about Maoist movement in the area. Following this an operation was launched in the area during which the explosives were detected

Five Maoists nabbed in Telangana

Special CorrespondentBHADRADRI-KOTHAGUDEM 05 MAY 2021 08:01 IST
UPDATED: 05 MAY 2021 08:16 IST

Five militia members of the proscribed CPI (Maoist) from neighbouring Chhattisgarh were arrested by a combined squad of police and CRPF personnel in Kurnapalli forest area in Charla mandal on Tuesday morning.

Police said the arrested militia members were tasked by Maoists to conduct a recce on the movement of combing parties in remote forest fringe villages across the Telangana-Chhattisgarh border.

They hail from Nimmalagudem village in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district.



They were allegedly involved in subversive activities along with local militia members of the outlawed organisation in the border villages including Chennapuram and Battigudem